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C. W. - Rockets - Page

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Captain Hughes took this photo of C. W. (Chemical Warfare) using rockets. He didn't offer a location for this photo. It can be assumed that this is one of the demonstrations that were being observed by a crowd in the grandstand probably at Camp Holabird or perhaps the demonstrations were taking place at the first temporary Chemical Warfare School at Edgewood Arsenal, Md. It can also be assumed that the materials in the rockets were inert and not of the same type that would have been used in actual Chemical Warfare. Congress had made the Chemical Warfare Service a permanent part of the Army in 1920, with duties to continue "the investigation, development, manufacture or procurement and supply of all smoke and incendiary materials, all toxic gases, and all gas defense appliances." The date of this demonstration is not mentioned, however Captain Hughes was stationed at Camp Holabird, Maryland only until February 14,1920. James C. Hughes, as part of the 35th Division, left Fort Sill, Oklahoma, and traveled to Hoboken, New Jersey, where he boarded the troop ship "Ceramic" on May 18, 1918. Hughes arrived in Liverpool, England, on June 1, 1918 and then landed at Le Havre, France, on June 9, 1918. Hughes fought in the battles of St. Michael and the Meuse-Argonne. He was at Verdun on Armistice Day, November 11, 1918. He took no photos of the actual fighting. He did take many photographs after the war as part of the Army of Occupation until he left France on July 18, 1919. A full biography of James Clark Hughes is available on Kansapedia.

Creator: Hughes, James Clark, 1888-1964
Date: Undated

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Item Number: 314981
Call Number: James C. Hughes Collection, negative 376B
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 314981

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