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United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 32, Claims under 1824 Sac and Fox Treaty

Item Description Bookbag Share

[Page A]

 

Antaya Maria - Page 3, 10, 13, 70

Antaya Chryston - Page 3, 10, 13, 60, 70

Antaya Isaac - Page 3,10,13,70

Antaya Isidore - Page 3, 10, 13, 70

Antaya Elizabeth - Page 10, 13, 70

Antaya Margueritte - Page 10, 13, 70

Antaya Theodette - Page 10, 13, 70

Antaya Euphrosine - Page 10, 13, 70

Abbott Thomas - Page 13

Antaya Pierre - Page 67, 68, 70

[Fr. &] M. [Abony] - Page 58

Aldrich M. Letter inclosing claims. - Page 82, 83, 84

Abbot, Saw.wis.Ka.no claims. - Page 82, 83, 84

 

[Page B]

 

Blondou Maurice (self & 4 claimants) - Page 3

Blondou Victor - Page 3

Bell Antony - Page 3

 

Children of Nicholas Blondeau -

Blondeau Victoire - Page 10, 13

Blondeau Maurice - Page 10, 13

Blondeau Angelique - Page 10, 13

Blondeau Francoise - Page 10, 13

 

Blondeau Amelie - Page 13, 13, 77

Blondeau Catherine - Page 10, 13

Boujie Baptiste - Page 10

Burnett T.P. - To & from - about P Jeandron - Page 73, 74

 

[Page C]

 

Connolly Thomas - Page 1, 10, 13, 51, 52

Campbell James (one child) - Page 3, 13

Connolly John (for one claimant) - Page 3

Cardinall Pier - Page 3

Courville Louis - Page 3

Courville Antoine - Page 10

Campbell Isaac R.- letter to, in reply to his which follows. - Page 38

Campbell Isaac R with power of Atty on behalf Cristopher Antio - Page 39-41

Same - letter - Page 59

Courvill - Page 58

 

[Page D]

 

Depositions of Messrs. Harris, Shull & Bates about A. Farrars children - Page 46-8

Dousman H. S. letter to, ackg receipt of letter with depositions in support of claims of P. Antaya & S [Desonier] - Page 63

Same letter from do do do - Page 64

Desonier, Louis Jr - Page 64, 65, 70

Dugue’ Marie, or Marie Tallman - Page 42 & 43

Dezaunier Anthoenatte, Le Sieus - Page 78

 

[Page E]

 

Eubanks Mathew - Page 61

 

[Page F]

 

Farrar Betsy - Page 1, 3, 13, 79

Farnham Russel (for 4 claimats) - Page 3

Farrar (2 children) - Page 10

Forsyth (letter from) - Page 13, 17

Sophia Farrar for children of A. Farrar - Page 25

Same Letter from - Page 29

Same letter to do do - Page 32, 86

 

[Page G]

 

Gonneville [Mc] F. (self & 5 others ) - Page 3

Gonneville Joseph (1 child - Page 10, 13, 77

Gonneville Amelie - Page 10, 13, 72

Gonneville Laurent - Page 10, 13, 72

Gonneville Jean - Page 10, 13

Gonneville Maurice - Page 10, 13, 72

Garland I. - to him in reply to his about claim of Mary Tolman - St Jean’s heirs &c - Page 36

Garland J. about sundry claims & with deposition of Show-a-no-quah in support of claim of Maj. Tolman - Page 42-3

Geard, Marie Louise - Page 70

Geard Mary - Page 70

Gunville Augustin - Page 72

GoKey. Catish . . . - Page 82, 83, 84

 

[Page H]

 

Hunt Elizabeth - Page 3, 10, 13, 30, 53

Hebert Margueritte - Page 3, 10, 13, 70

Horronice Elizabeth - Page 3

Hebert Marie Louise - Page 10, 13, 70

Hebert Francoise - Page 10, 13, 70

Honore Elizabeth - Page 10, 13

Honore Louis Tesson - Page 24

Harrelson Jos. A.- Letter to in reply to his - Page 87

 

[Page I]

 

[Page J]

 

Jandran Pier - Page 3, 10, 14, 70, 73-4, 75-6

Johnson, John W. (for 3 claimants) - Page 3, 10

Jiard Lezette - Page 10, 13

Jiard Mary - Page 10, 13

John St. (4 children & wife) - Page 10

Johnson Eliza - Page 13, 31

Johnson Mary - Page 13, 31, 70

Johnson Rosalie - Page 13, 31, 70

Jaco Baptiste (or Baptiste Twoine) - Page 55

 

[Page K]

 

Keokuck (talk from) - Page 16

 

[Page L]

 

Leparch Archange (alias St Jean) - Page 1

Leparch Suzette (Do) - Page 1

Leparch Mary (Do) - Page 1

Leparch Argat (Do) - Page 1

Laurel Battis (self & 2 others) - Page 3

Leclair Antoine - Page 3

Larivier Pier - Page 3

Louis, Pierre Grand (2 children) - Page 10

Larante Margueritte (with certificate - Page 23

Lesieur Tes Letter with claims - page 33

Laguthrie Benjamin - (Fox Tribe) - Page 84, 88, 89, 90

 

[Page M]

 

Muir Louisa - Page 1, 10, 13

Muir James - Page 1, 10, 13

Muir Jane - Page 1, 10, 13

Menard Chs Jr - Page 3

Mombred Francis - Page 3, 10

Moccopawm (talk from - Page 16

Maillot There’se (with certificates) - Page 18

Menard Alexander - Page 34

Menard Noel - Page 34

Menard Antoine - Page 34

Menard Francoit - Page 34

Mills B. - about claim of Margaret Farrar - Page 79

Mattabon Angeliquie - (Fox) - Page 85

 

[Page N]

 

Nadeau (1 child - Page 10, 13

 

[Page O]

 

[Page P]

 

Parnappe Maria - Page 3

Provats Francis - Page 3

Powers Strange - Page 3

Perhapaho (letter from or talk) - Page 16

PeshKenami (talk from) - Page 16

Price Wm, letter to, abt Ind. Claims - Page 35

Price Wm. & others asking questions about half Breed land - Page 49-50

 

[Page Q]

 

[Page R]

 

[Page S]

 

Shouttz Elizabeth (with certificates) - Page 21

Show-a-no-quah deposition (a Fox woman) in support of the claim of Mary Tolman - Page 44-5

Shull J W. diposition in support of claim of J. Connoly - Page 51-2

St. Jean Archange - Page 56, 62

St. Jean Louisa - Page 56

St. Jean Mary - Page 56

St. Jean Agathe - Page 56

 

[Page T]

 

[Taimah] (talk from) - Page 16

 

[Page U]

 

[Page V]

 

Van Quickenborne letter from & to - Page 52 & 53

 

[Page W]

 

Wabau low (talk from) - Page 16

Wa.pe.Ko.se.qua. Charlotte - Page 82, 83, 84

 

[Page X]

 

[Page Y]

 

[Page Z]

 

[Page 1]

 

To the Honorable the Senate & the house of Representatives of the United States in Congress assembled

 

--,,--,,--,,--

 

Your petitioners respectfully represent that by the Treaty held with the Sac & Fox Indians at Washington in the year one thousand eight hundred & twenty four said Indians reserved to you petitioners a tract of country lying between the River des Moines, and the Mississippi and bounded by a continuation of the North boundary line of the State of Missouri from the point where it strikes the River des Moines to the point where it may strike the Mississippi, which said reservation has been recognized by the government of the United States, your petitioners represent that they are in all forty four in number & that many of them have made improvements on the margin of the Mississippi and intend making others as fast as their limitted means will admit, your petitioners pray that a survey of their lands will be made as soon as practicable under the direction of some person whom you may think proper to appoint as will enable each Claimant to make a location of their interest in said tract, in such manner that each claimant shall have an equal length of front on the Mississippi & to be subdivided that each one interest may be equalised & your petitioners will ever pray &c.

 

Sept 30th 1828

 

[Page 2]

 

Signed by the parents & guardians of the claimants.

 

Names

 

For Thomas Connolly

(Sigd) John Connolly

 

For Louisa James & Jane Muir

(Sigd) Saml Muir

 

For Betsy Farrar

(Sigd) Amos Farrar

 

For Arkange Lizette Mary and Argat Leparch alias St Jean

(Sigd) Russel Farnham, guardn

 

[Page 3]

 

To the Honorable the Senate & house of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled.

 

The undersigned memorialist humbly represent;

 

That by a Treaty of peace and friendship made between the United States and the Sac & Fox tribes of Indians on the 4th day of august, in the year of our lord one thousand Eight hundred & twenty four, the said Sac & Fox tribes of Indians ceded to the United States, all their right, title interest & claim to all lands lying between the Mississippi & Missouri rivers on a “line running from the Missouri at the entrance of Kansas River north one hundred miles, to the North west corner of the State of Missouri & from thence East to the Mississippi.  It being understood that the small tract of land lying between the rivers des Moines & Mississippi and the section on the above line between the Mississippi and the des Moines, is intender for the half breeds belonging to the Sac & Fox nations, they holding it however by the same title and in the same manner that other Indian titles are held” and by a treaty made & concluded at Prairie du Chien on the nineteenth day of august in the year eighteen hundred & twenty five between the United States and all the tribes of Indians having any claim or pretence of claim to the land so ceded, the said cession was recognized, confirmed and ratified – By force of which several treaties

 

[Page 4]

 

your memorialists, are advised & believe the right of sovereignty jurisdiction and soil in and over the land so designated as intended for the half breeds belonging to the Sac & Fox nations, is vested in the United States subject only to the priviledges reserved to the half breeds aforesaid.

 

Your memorialists further shew that they are interested in the said reservation, some as parents and guardians of persons therein described, and others in their own right as being of the number of those designated – and they humbly represent, that according to the terms of the said reservation and the existing laws of the U. States, the land reserved will be of little or no advantage to them, unless further provision be made by law to enable them to enjoy the same.  They are persuaded that the said reservation was made, not to be used merely as bounty ground for a time, and then surrendered but to be enjoyed by them permanently and for beneficial purposes, for their improvement in agriculture & civilisation, and they are fearful those objects canno be accomplished without the further aid of the General government.

 

By the Treaty it is declared that the lands reserved are intended for the half breeds belonging to the Sac & Fox nations. – the persons for whose benefit the reservation is made, are not named nor are any provisions made by which the

 

[Page 5]

 

rights of the claimants under this general clause can be determined, the consequence to be apprehended is that persons not entitled will avail themselves of the absence of a tribunal to decide on their pretensious, to intrude of the land to the great annoyance of the lawful occupants, probably difficulties of a serious character may arise in the absence of all remedy to the great disturbance of the lawful settlers. – The persons designated not being an organised Community tribe or nation, cannot be supposed to have rules laws or institutions of binding force, by which rights are to be determined, their possessions protected even against each other, or to settle disputes among themselves, nor will they have any means to punish or prevent the intruders of the whites or others.

 

Your memorialists believe that the number of persons entitled to the benefit of the reservation, is between thirty five and forty, of these about [blank] reside among the indians, the others reside with and are raised and educated in the habits, manners and customs of the whites, many have received good and some a very liberal education, & are in all respects, identified with the white population.  Those it is believed, would not be induced to abandon civilized life, and settle upon the reserved lands, “holding their possession by the same title and in the same manner that other indian titles are held” nor is it believed to be the policy of the government to place the educated and

 

[Page 6]

 

civilized half breeds in situations and under circumstances constraining them in some degree to adopt the customs & habits of the Indians; yet it is obvious that this must be their condition, or they must abandon their claim to a share in the reservation.

 

Your memorialists believe that the reservation was made for all children of Sac & Fox women (by white men) born at or before the date of the treaty, whether civilized or savage, residing with the whites or Indians, and that a tenure by mere right of occupancy in common, would present to the civilized half breed no other alternative than to forsake civilized society & give up all claim under the reservation; indulge the hope that congress will afford such legislative aid as will be best calculated to remove the obstacles to attainment of the end contemplated by the reservation, the improvement and cultivation of the land, the encouragement of agricultural industry, and the advancement of education.

 

Your memorialists further state that they have been informed and believe that within the tract of land so reserved there is a large tract claimed by citizens of Missouri under & by virtue of a french or spanish grant, part of which they are informed has been confirmed – and the claim to the residue undecided on, and they submit that some provision ought to be made in relation to that claim for

 

[Page 7]

 

its final adjustment and if practicable a change of its location.

 

Your memorialists therefore humbly pray that a law or laws be passed, establishing a board of Commissioners, or requiring two or more of the officers of the United States to act as such, with power to take proofs and decide on the rights of Claimants under the reservation, recognizing as such only the children of Sac & Fox women (by white men) born before or at the date of the Treaty – and if deemed expedient also to take proofs & determine on the private land claim above mentioned.  That provision be made for the division & allotment of the lands amongst the rightful claimants, equally according to quality, quantity and situations, and that grants be made according to such allotment – and your memorialists beg leave to suggest, that the said lands ought to be surveyed so as to correspond with the adjoining surveys of public lands in Missouri, with the divisions & subdivisions according to the laws in relation to public lands –

 

That a town scite be selected & laid off – that the said private claim be surveyed & reserved until finally decided upon, and if said claim be then rejected or the location changed, said land be appropriated to the use of schools or other public purpose.

 

Your memorialists are persuaded that in adopting the measures prayed for, your honorable will but carry into effect the intentions of the Sac & Fox nations in making the grant.

 

[Page 8]

 

The land has been freely ceded to the United States in trust, in order that provision might be made for the future support and moral improvement of the half breeds of these nations, most of them having already become civilized and consequently without the ability or inclination to follow their Indian relations and adopt their mode of life.

 

And your memorialists humbly submit that the object of the trust will be best effected by a division of the lands, as well because the separation of the property will stimulate the industry and consequently promote the improvement and advance the happiness of the settlers, as because of the happy effect which the progressive improvement of the condition of the half breeds may and probably would have on the indians in the vicinity – your memorialists however forbear to urge many conditions in favor of the measures prayed for, in the confidence that your honorable bodies will investigate the whole subject and adopt such measures as shall be most expedient for carrying into full effect the intention of the parties to the treaty - & shall best promote the beneficial enjoyment of the land by those for whose purpose and benefit the reservation was made.

And your memorialists will pray &c.

John W. Johnson, for three claimants

 

[Page 9]

 

Russel Farnham, for four claimants

Maruice Blundou, for self & four other claimants

Victor Blondou.

Madam & Garnivelle, for self & five others

Battis Laurel, for self & two others

James Campbell

Elizabeth Hunt

Maria Parnappe

John Connolly, for one claimant

Betsey Farrar

Antoine Le Clair

Pier Larivier

Francis Provats

Maria Antaya

Strange Powers

Chrystom Antaya

Antony Bell

Pier Cardinall

Charles Menard Jr

Louis Courville

Margueritte Hebert

Pier Jandran

Isaac Antaya

Isidore Antaya

Elisabeth Horronice

Francis Mombread

 

25th August 1829

 

[Page 10]

 

List of Sac & Fox half breeds who claim Lands according to the Treaty made at Washington with the Sacs & Foxes in the month of august 1824

 

Children of Pierre Antaella and Po Koussee Fox woman

Elizabeth, Age 43 – Residence – P du Chien

Marguerite, Age 41 – Residence – P du Chien

Marie, Age 37 – Residence – P du Chien

Theoditte, Age 32 – Residence – P du Chien

Euphrosine, Age 30 – Residence – P du Chien

Isaac, Age 28 – Residence – State of Missouri

Isidore, Age 26 – Residence – State of Missouri

Chrysostome, Age 22 – Residence – Fever River

 

Children of Augustus Hebert & Cheenaeapauky Fox woman

Marie Louise, Age 16 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

Francoise, Age 12 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

Marguerite, Age 10 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

 

Son of Pierre Jeandron and Kayeoiscoquoe Fox woman

Pierre, Age 15 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

 

Basil Giard & MecoutTriquoi Fox woman

Lisette, Age 36 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

Mary, Age 28 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

 

Nicolas Blondeau and Meeparkeva Fox woman

 

Victoire, Age 49 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

Maurice, Age 45 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

Angelique, Age 42 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

Francoise, Age 39 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

 

[Page 11]

 

Maurice Blondeau & Peeine Sac & Fox

Amelie, Age 9 – Residence - Portage des Sioux

Catherine, Age 9 – Residence - Portage des Sioux

 

Louis Honore & Queewatatche

Elizabeth, Age unknown – Residence – Merameck

 

Francis Monbran & Mant cha Sac

Francois, Age 49 – Residence – River des Moines

 

George Hunt & Pawssoquoe Sac & Fox

Elizabeth, Age 12 – Residence St Louis

 

John W Johnson & [Tarparosse] Fox names unknown

3 Children, Age unknown – Residence – Clarksville

 

Doctor Muir & Mawwaiquoi Sac & Fox age and names not known

2 Children, Age unknown – Residence – Fort Edwards

 

Connolly and a daughter of Pembuia a Sac

1 Child, Age unknown – Residence – Living with the Sac & Foxes Rock River

 

James Campbell & Peeweeni Sac & Fox name unknown

1 Child, Age unknown – Residence – Floussant

 

[Page 12]

 

Nadeau and a daughter of paupaugee Sac & Fox

1 Child, Age unknown – Residence – Rock River

 

Pierregrand Louis & Cawtee Sac

2 Children, Age unknown – Residence – State of Missouri

 

Joseph Gonneville & sister to the Bras pique, Sac

1 Child, Age unknown – Residence – Cahokea

 

Joseph Gonneville Sac half breed and Francoise blondeau Fox half breed

Amelie, Age 18 – Residence – Cahokea

Laurent, Age 12 – Residence – Cahokea

Jean, Age 9 – Residence – Cahokea

Maurice, Age 6 – Residence – Cahokea

 

Farrar and Black thunder Fox woman

2 Children – Residence – Fever river

 

Ma sack que the wife of St John & Sac woman

St John’s Family 4 children & his wife – Residence Portage in Prairie du Chien

 

His mother is To-she saquai, Sac W.

Baptiste [Boufie], Age about 25 – Residence – with the Sacs & Foxes

 

Son of Pierre Courville (a white man) & a Fox squaw – (This guardian is Jacques Mette

Antoine Courville, Age 19 – Residence – St Louis

 

[Page 13]

 

Rocky Island 10th June 1830

 

Sir

 

I transmit you herewith enclosed a list of the names of the half breeds who are entitled to lands according to a Treaty made at Washington City on the 4th of August 1824 with the Sac & Fox Indians, also annexed to that list is the Indian’s letter to you on the subject of there lands.

 

I remain

Yr Obt Servt

(Signed) Thomas Forsyth

 

Genl Wm Clark

S. I. A St Louis

 

A List of the names of the half breeds, belonging to the Sac & Fox nations of Indians, who claim lands according to the Treaty made at Washington City on the 4th August 1824 which persons were living at the time the Treaty was made, and aged as follows

 

Children of Pierre Antaillia and a Fox woman

No. 1 Elizabeth, Age 43 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

No. 2 Margaret, Age 41 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

No. 3 Maria, Age 37 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

No. 4 Theoditte, Age 32 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

No. 5 Euphrosine, Age 30 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

No. 6 Isaac, Age 28 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

No. 7 Issidore, Age 26 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

No. 8 Chrystome, Age 22 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

 

[Page 14]

 

Children of Augustus Hebert and a Fox woman

No. 9 Marie Louise, Age 16 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

No. 10 Frances, Age 12 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

No. 11 Margaret, Age 10 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

 

Son of Pierre Jaundron & a Fox woman

No. 12 Pierre Jaundron, Age 15 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

 

Children of Bazil Geard & a Fox woman

No. 13 Lisette, Age 38 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

No. 14 Mary, Age 28 – Residence – Prairie du Chien

 

Children of Nicholas Blondeau & a Fox woman

No. 15 Victoire, Age 49 – Residence – Portage des Sioux

No. 16 Maurice, Age 45 – Residence – Portage des Sioux

No. 17 Angelique, Age 42 – Residence – Portage des Sioux

No. 18 Frances, Age 39 – Residence – Cahokia

 

Children of Maurice Blondeau a half breed Fox and a woman half breed Sac

No. 19 Amelie, Age 9 – Residence – Portage des Sioux

No. 20 Catharine

 

Daughter of Louis Honore & a Fox woman

No. 21 – Elizabeth – Residence - Maremack

 

Daughter of George Hunt & a Fox woman

No. 22 Elizabeth, Age 12 – Residence – St Charles convent

 

Children of John W Johnson and a Sac & Fox woman

No. 23 Eliza, Age 13 – Residence – St Louis

No. 24 Mary, Age 11 – Residence – St Louis

No. 25 Rosalie, Age 8 – Residence – St Louis

 

[Page 15]

 

Doctor Samuel C. Muir & a Sac & Fox woman

No. 26 Louisa, Age 13 – Residence – Galena

No. 27 James, Age 11 – Residence – Galena

No. 28 Jane, Age 8 – Residence – Galena

 

John Connolly & a Sa woman

No. 29 Thomas – Residence – Rocky river

 

James Campbell & a Sac woman

No. 30 A child – Residence – Housaint

 

Nadeau & a Sac woman

No. 31 A child – Residence – Rocky river

 

Joseph Gonneville a half breed Sac & Frances Blondeau a half breed Fox

No. 32 Amelia, Age 18 – Residence – Cahokia

No. 33 Laurent, Age 12 – Residence – Cahokia

No. 34 Jean, Age 9 – Residence – Cahokia

No. 35 Maurice, Age 6 – Residence – Cahokia

 

Amos Farrar & a Fox woman

No. 36 Betsey – Residence – Fever river

 

James Abbot & a Sac woman

No. 37 Thomas Abbot, Age 57 – Residence – Sac Village

 

Gonneville and a Fox woman

No. 38 Joseph Gonneville – Residence – Cahokia

 

[Page 16]

 

To Genl Wm Clark Superintendent of Indian Affairs at St Louis.

 

Father –

 

Last year while at Prairie du Chien we wrote a letter to our great Father the President of the United States requesting him to have the lands surveyed which we give to our relations the half breeds of our nations at the Treaty made at the city of Washington on the 4th of August 1824, but as yet we have received no answer –

 

Father –

Above is the names and ages of the half breeds of our nations who were in existence when we made the Treaty and to whom we give the tract of land to, and to none others whatever.

 

Father –

 

We wish you to interest yourself for our relations the half breeds of our nations who are mentioned in the above list to have their land surveyed and equally divided, it being perfectly understood at the before mentioned Treaty that the late Maurice Blondeau was to have his choice of any place in said tract of land so granted.

 

Father –

 

We wish you to remove all the white people now on that tract of land which we intended for the use of the half breeds of our nations and not allow any white people of any description to settle & live on that land except a Father, a husband, or wife of any of the half breeds or an

 

[Page 17]

 

Agent or Agents appointed by the president.

 

Father –

 

We wish you to prevent any white person or half breed from keeping any Spirituous liquors for sale on any part of the above mentioned Tract of land on any account whatever, but if any white people or half breeds who wish to sell goods to Indians or others, we can have no objections to their being allowed to remain any wheres on this tract of land provided you choose to give them a license

 

Perhapaho his X mark

Pirkkenanu his X mark

Wabaw law his X mark

Taimah his X mark

KeoKuck his X mark

Moccopawm his X mark

 

The above mentioned chiefs also request that La Lott (KeoKck’s mother) a half breed shall have a share in the above mentioned lands that is to say, that Thomas Abbot’s and Lalott’s land may join together at a place called the orchard at head of Des Moines rapids.  Explained & signed before me this 9th June 1830 at Rocky Island

 

(Signed) Thomas Forsyth

Indian Agent

 

[Page 18]

 

Genl Wm Clark

Supt. Ind. affs &c.

 

Sir,

 

As one of the claimants of that section of land reserved for the half breeds of the Sac & Fox nations of Indians permit me to trouble you with my own deposition together with the depositions herewith enclosed proving myself to be a half breed of the Sac nation of Indians and asking your attention to the same; while in the mean time, I remain your most obt

 

humble Servant

Therese her X mark Maillot

 

County of St Louis

State of Missouri

 

This day personally appeared before me an acting Justice of the Peace, within and for the county aforesaid John Bpts; Chattilon and made oath that Therese Maillot wife of Jacques Maillot is a half breed of the Sac nation of Indians, that he has been acquainted with her for thirty years that her father’s name was Jn Bte Ranclos a blacksmith, and her mother’s name was archange, a pure Sac woman

 

Given under my hand and seal this nineteenth day of November in the year 1830

 

John Baptiste his X mark Chattilon

 

[Page 19]

 

Sworn & Subscribed to at Carondelet (Mo), this nineteenth day of November, eighteen hundred, & thirty, before me

 

(Signed) Jacob R. Stine

Justice of the Peace

 

County of St Louis

State of Missouri

 

This day personally appeared before me an acting justice of the peace within & for the County of St Louis; Therese Maillot, and made oath that she is a half breed Indian of the Sac Nation of Indians, that her father was a Canadian by birth named John Baptiste Ranclos; that the said Ranclos was appointed Blacksmith under the Spanish Government for the said nation of Sac Indians with whom he lived & died; that her mother’s name was Archange, and that she the said Therese Maillot is justly entitled to all the priviledges and advantages intended for or given to the half breeds of the Sac nation of Indians. –

 

Given under my hand & seal this nineteenth day of November in the year 1830

 

Therese her X mark Maillot

 

Sworn & Subscribed to, at Carondelet (Mo) this nineteenth day of November eighteen hundred & thirty, before me

 

(Sigd) Jacob R. Stine

Justice of the Peace

 

[Page 20]

 

State of Missouri

County of St Louis} ss

 

Be it known that on the day of the date hereof personally appeared before the undersigned a Justice of the Peace within and for the county aforesaid, Samuel D. Solomon, who being duly sworn on the holy evangelist of Almighty God, on his oath saith that he is personally acquainted with Therese Mailot, the wife of Jacques Mailot, that the said Therese Maillot was the daughter of a certain Jean Baptiste Renclos by Archange an Indian woman of the Sac tribe of Indians, that the said therese is a half breed Indian woman, was raised among the Indians of her tribe, her father who was a blacksmith by trade had married the above named archange, and was living with his said wife among the Said Tribe, & this deponent on his way from Canada by the way of the lakes, about thirty or thirty one years ago, wintered among the said Tribe, and by that means got acquainted with the Said Baptiste Renclos who was then settled on Rock river where he was working at his trade, that his daughter was also there, was a grown person and is the one now married to the above named Jacques Mailot, and the same now petitioning for a share of the land appropriated by the treaty with the Sacs indians for the half breeds of Said tribe

 

(Sigd) Sam D. Solomon

 

Sworn & Subscribed this 19th day of November A.D. 1830  (Sigd) J. V. Garnier J. P.

 

[Page 21]

 

To His Excellency Wm Clark, Superintendent of Indian Affairs St Louis

 

The petition of Elizabeth Shultz Sheweth that she is advised that in a Treaty made between the United States & the Sac & Fox Tribes of Indians a reserve hath been made by said Treaty for the half breeds of said tribes of certain quantity of land by them ceded to the government. Your Petioner being one of the half breeds of Said Tribes and as such entitled to a participation in such reserve, She prays that you will apportion to her, & set apart such part of said land so as aforesaid, reserved as by the said treaty she may be entitled to, and she will ever pray –

 

Elizabeth her X mark Shultz

 

State of Missouri

County of St Louis} ss

 

Be it known on the day of the date hereof, personally appeared before the Subscriber a Justice of the Peace within & for the county of St Louis George Shultz of the county of St Louis who being duly sworn on his oath saith that he is personally acquainted with Elizabeth the widow of Christopher Shultz of the same county – that he has known her the said Elizabeth for upwards of thirty years, that the said Elizabeth is a half breed of the Indian Tribe called the Sacs & Foxes, is the daughter of a certain Louis Tesson (alias Honore’) by Margo a full blooded Indian woman of the Tribe aforesaid – This deponent being at

 

[Page 22]

 

Prairie du Chien, got acquainted with the Said Elizabeth, then living with her said father the said Louis Tesson, said Tesson was then married to a white woman, Knew Margo at the River des Moines.  she was then living with an Indian of the same tribe, tho’ her child had been taken from her by her father and placed under the care of Said Tesson’s Mother –

 

George his X mark Shultz

 

Sworn to & Subscribed the 26th of November 1830 before me  (Signed) J. V. Garnier J. P.

 

And afterwards on the 29th day of the same month also appeared before the subscriber a Justice of the Peace within & for the county aforesaid Elizabeth a half breed Indian woman of the Sac & Fox Tribe of Indians, who being also and sworn on the holy evangelists of almighty God on her oath saith that she is the identical Elizabeth a half breed Indian woman of the Sac & Fox Indians as stated in the foregoing affidavit of George Shultz that she was the Daughter of Margo a full breed Indian of the Sac & Fox indians, by Louis Tesson (Honore) her Father, that she was married to a certain Christopher Shultz, whose widow she now is, the said Shultz having been dead for some time past and further Sayeth not –

 

Elizabeth her X mark Shultz

 

Sworn to & subscribed the 29th day of Nov. 1830 before me.

 

[Page 23]

 

Genl Wm Clark

Supt. Ind. Affs &c

 

Sir,

 

As one of the claiments of that section of land reserved for the half breeds of the Sac & Fox nations of Indians, permit me to trouble you with my case depositions together with the depositions herein enclosed, proving myself to be an half breed of the Sac nation of Indians; and asking your attention to the same; while in the mean time I remain your most obedient servant,

 

Marguerite her X mark Larante

County of St Louis ss.

 

Personally before the subscriber a Justice of the Peace within & For the county of St Louis Margerite Larante, who being duly sworn that she is the daughter of Louis [Sauve’], by Josette a full breed indian woman of the Sac tribe of Indians, that the said Louis Sauve’ had married his said wife in the city, late the village of St Louis

 

Marguerite her X mark Larante

 

Sworn to & subscribed this 27th day of Jany 1831 before J. V Garnier J. P

 

Also on the same day appeared Xavier Dugat who being duly sworn on his oath saith that he was, acquainted with Louis Sauve an Indian Trader a native of this city of St Louis, that he knew him at first about twenty five or six years ago, that he also knew Josette

 

[Page 24]

 

the wife of the said Louis Sauve’ and the mother of Marguerite Larante, has had occasion to travel with the said Louis Sauve’ and his said wife Josette Sauve’ who was an Indian (full blooded) woman of the Sac tribe of Indians that the said Marguerite Larante with her father and mother aforesaid, by them called their daughter, that no doubt was ever entertained of her being their daughter –

 

(Sigd) Xavier Dugat

 

Sworn to & subscribed this 27th day of January 1831 Before
(Sigd) J. [V.] Garnier J. P

 

State of Missouri

County of St Louis} ss

 

Be it remembered that on this fifth day of February Eighteen hundred & thirty three personally appeared before me Patrick Walsh a Justice of the Peace within and for the county aforesaid Louis Tesson Honore’, who being duly sworn according to law, deposeth and saith that he is the Grandson of Amoway, a Fox indian; and the son of Apanache, a menominee woman adopted into the said Fox tribe and Louis Tesson Honore’, formerly United States Interpreter – and that as a half breed of aforesaid Fox tribe he considers himself entitled to his just proportion of the reservation of land in the forks of the Mississippi & Demoines rivers set

 

[Page 25]

 

apart by the Sac & Fox Tribes for the use & benefit of their half breeds, by Treaty of fourth day of August Eighteen hundred & twenty four

 

(Signed) Louis Tesson Honore’

 

Sworn & subscribed to before me the date first above written

 

(Signed) Patrick Walsh

Justice of the Peace

St Louis County

 

State of Illinois

Jo Daviess County} ss

 

Personally came before me the undersigned, a justice of the peace in & for said county, Mrs Sophia Farrar, widow of amos Farrar deceased, who after being duly sworn on her oath says, that her said husband was an American Citizen, and as she is informed & believes, a native of the State of Massachusetts that about the year 1819 he emigrated to the northwestern country, and engaged in the trade with the Sac & Fox Tribes of Indians, & formed a connection with an Indian woman of the Fox Indians, by name of Maganno, by whom he had three female children, to wit; Betsey, born on the 2d day of October 1822; Maryann, born on the 19th day of January 1824; and Margaret, born on the 22d day of October, 1826, that the two first named children died, to wit; Betsy on the 4th day of August, 1825, and Maryann on the 12th day of October, 1825 – and that

 

[Page 26]

 

the said Margaret is still living with this affiant That said Amos Farrar departed this life on the 24th day of July 1832, and that this affiant has adopted the said Margaret his daughter, as her own child, and now, on her behalf, as she is too young to act for herself, makes this Statement of facts, and prays, that the benefits of the act of Congress, making appropriations for the benefit of the half breeds may be extended to the Said Margaret, to the full extent of her legal claim.  This affiant further says that the facts above stated, as they relate to the births & deaths of the above named children, are made from the information derived from her said husband, and other old settlers in the country, who had means of knowing, and that she believes those statement to be correct.

 

(Signed) Sophia Farrar

 

Subscribed & sworn to before me this 13th day of April 1833

 

(Sigd) John [Turney] J. P.

 

State of Illinois

Jo Daviess County} ss

 

It is hereby certified that John Turney on the thirteenth day of April A D. 1833 was & now is an acting Justice of the Peace within and for the county of Jo Daviess and State of Illinois duly commissioned & qualified as such and that full faith & credit are due to all his acts as such - - -

 

[Page 27]

 

In testimony whereof I moses Swan Clerk of the County Commissioner’s Court of said County have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court this 20th day of April A.D. 1833

 

(Sigd) Moses Swan Clerk

 

State of Illinois

Jo Daviess County}ss

 

Personally came before me the undersigned, a justice of the Peace in & For said County, Francis Bouthillier, who after being duly sworn, on his oath says, that he was well acquainted with Mr Amos Farrar deceased, and that he has known him ever since the year 1819 or 1820; That said Farrar owned & acknowledged a half breed Indian female child to be his daughter, whose name is Margaret Farrar, whose mother was an Indian woman of the Fox Tribe and named Maganno, who was the daughter of Mackianiny an Indian man of the Tribe of Foxes.  Said Farrar was an American, and as this affiant is informed & believes a native of Boston, State of Massachusetts, and that said Amos departed this life in July last.  That said half breed Indian child, Margaret Farrar, is between eight & 9 years old, and is now living with Mrs Sophia Farrar the widow of said Amos deceased.  (Sigd) F Bouthillier

 

Subscribed & sworn to before me this 30th day of March 1833.  (Sigd)  John Turney J. P.

 

[Page 28]

 

Jeriah B. Farnsworth also came before me, the undersigned, justice as aforesaid who after being duly sworn, on his oath says that he has examined the Statement of Mrs Sophia Farrar, on behalf of Marguerit, a half breed and also the above affidavit of F Bouthillier.  That he was well acquainted with the Said amos Farrar deceased, and also the said half breed child Margaret to be his own Daughter, and that Said child now lives with Mrs Sophia Farrar, widow of Said Amos – That this affiant also knows the mother of said Margaret, that she is an Indian woman, but of what tribe he does not know personally but was informed by Said Amos that her name was as stated by said Bouthillier and the said Sophia, and of the Fox tribe.  That he knows the said Amos and the said Maganno, the mother of said Margaret were living together in the year 1826, and that said Margaret was born during that year.

 

(Signed)  J. B. Farnsworth

 

Subscribed & sworn to before me this 13th day of April 1833

 

(Sigd) John Turney J. P.

 

State of Illinois

Jo Daviess County} ss

 

It is hereby certified that John Turney on the thirteenth day of of April A. D. 1833, was & now is an

 

[Page 29]

 

acting Justice of the Peace within & for the County of Jo Daviess, State of Illinois, duly commissioned & qualified as such, and that full faith are credit are due to his acts as such.

 

In testimony whereof I Moses Swan clerk of the county Commissioners Court of said County have hereunto set my hand & affixed the seal of Said County this 20th day of April A.D. 1833

 

(Signed) Moses Swan Clerk

 

Galena June 15th 1833

 

To Genl Wm Clark

 

Sir,  I again address upon the subject of the lands belonging to the half breeds of the Sac & Fox nation.  In compliance with your request I procured and legally arranged testimony towards supporting the alliance of my adopted daughter Margaret Farrar to the above nation – also the testimony of her two sisters deceased which I neglected to mention in former letter.  I am ignorant in what light they will stand in, whether their claims can be transfered to Margaret or not, I will thank you to inform me, also be so kind as to tell me what steps take when the distribution of the land is made towards getting her title secured to her.  I have no one to whom I can apply to, on this subject for advice and assistance.  If I dare presume to beg of you to assist and use your influence in behalf of Margaret you will ever have the warmest wishes & prays

 

[Page 30]

 

of a greatful heart for your happiness & prosperity in the world & the world to come.

 

Yours with sentiments of the highest esteem

 

(Sigd) Sophia Farrar

 

Genl Wm Clark

St Louis

 

State of Missouri

County of St Louis} ss

 

Before me Daniel Hough a justice of the peace within & for the county aforesaid, personally came John W Johnson who being of lawful age & having been duly sworn on the holy evangelist of Almighty God, deposeth & saith, that he was well acquainted with an Indian woman named Pasoquey who was known to this deponent as being a full blood Indian, belonging to the Fox Tribe of Indians, That he was acquainted with said Indian woman during the time she lived with Mr George Hunt, then a Trader for the Sac & Fox Indians, The said Pasoquey had one daughter whose name was Elizabeth and is now twenty one years old, she has become a nun, and now resides at one of the convents in the southern Country.

(Sigd)  Jno W. Johnson

 

Sworn & subscribed before me this 23d day of November 1833.

 

(Sigd) D. Hough

Justice of the peace

County St Louis

 

[Page 31]

 

State of Missouri

County of St Louis} ss

 

Before me D. Hough a justice of the peace within & for the county aforesaid personally came George Davenport who being of lawful age, and being duly sworn deposeth and saith that he was well acquainted with an Indian woman named Tapassa who was known to this deponent as being part Sac & part of the Fox Tribe, and was a full blood Indian, that he was acquainted with said Indian woman during the time she lived with John W. Johnson Esq (late U. S. Ind: Factor) and during the time she lived with said Johnson, the said Tapassa had three daughters, viz: Eliza, Mary & Rosella – the eldest daughter Eliza is now about twenty three years of age – Mary about twenty – and Rosella about seventeen years of age, of of whom are now living in St Louis in the State of Missouri.

 

(Sigd) Geo. Davenport

 

Sworn & Subscribed before me this 23d day of November 1833

 

(Sigd)  D. Hough

Justice of the Peace

St Louis County

 

[Page 32]

 

Superintendency of Ind. Affs

St Louis Nov: 25th 1833

 

Mrs Sophia Farrar

 

Mddam,

 

I received a letter from you some time since, enquiring wether the claims of her two deceased sisters, could be transferred to your adopted child Margaret.

 

In a memorial made to congress, September 30, 1828, on the subject of the Sac & Fox half breed reservation, among other names that of Betsey Farrar appears, but those of her sisters do not.  The name of Betsey also appears in a list of their half breeds furnished to this office on behalf of their tribes by the principal Sac & Fox chiefs, June 9th 1830; but in this list nothing is said of Betsey’s sisters Those chiefs state that they wish the land to be divided among the half breeds who were in existence at the time of the treaty (4th August 1824) and your adopted child Margaret was it appears born 22d October 1826.  It will therefore rest with the proper authority at Washington to decide upon your child’s claim.

 

The documents forwarded by you shall be forwarded with others of the same nature to Washington, and if you desire to make a claim on behalf of Margaret for the portion of land to which her sisters would have been entitled in your opinion, in addition to what you consider her entitled in her own right, by forwarding, without delay to this office, the papers in its support. I shall be enabled to transmit them

 

[Page 33]

 

with the others alluded to.

 

I have the honor to be &c

(Signed) Wm Clark

 

Portage des Sioux

December 4th 1833

 

Dear Sir,

 

Should there be any thing wanting to establish the claims as within be so kind as to inform us what is wanting that we may be enabled to attend the same without delay.  At present we will wait an answer from your excellency giving information concerning said claims and the probable amount of land that each claimant will draw (if admitted) – you will also be so kind as to inform us, on what terms your land can be had which joins this place and whether the same has been confirmed to you or not.

 

Your old friend still continues to act as a Justice, in portage under the enjoyment of good health.  Please to write me by the first mail and direct to this office.

 

The claimants are Orphan Children, so that I fondly hope their claims will stand, so that they may inherit with their relatives.

 

It is fondly hoped by many that congress will pass an act giving to the half breeds the right of conveying their lands; please give me your Opinion.

 

Yours with the greatest esteem

(Signed) fr. Lesieur

 

[Page 34]

 

Indian Claims

The Claims of Alexander Menard, Antoine Menard, Noel Menard, and Francoit Menard, to their proportional part of that land ceded to the half breeds under the Sac & Fox treaty of August the 4th 1824.

 

The above named Claimants being half breeds of the said Sac & Fox Indians which will plainly appear from the testimony of Francoit Lesieur Esqr, Patrick Roy and Joseph Racin.

 

Residence of said Claimants

Portage des Sioux

 

Alexander Menard aged 21 years –Noel Menard aged 16 years Antoine Menard Aged 14 years Francoit menard 12 years.

 

State of Missouri &

County of St Charles} ss

 

We the undersigned being duly sworn, deposeth and saith that we are personally acquainted, with the above, claimants, viz. Alexander Menard, Noel Menard, Antoine Menard, and Francoit Menard, who are half breeds, of the Sac & Fox Indians & do do furthermore depose & say, that their mother (Mary Bartilan) was part Sac & part a Fox.  And that the residence and age of said claimants are as above stated.  Given under My hands the 4th day of December in the year of our lord A.D. 1833

 

Patric his X mark Roy

Joseph his X mark racine

fr. Lesieur

 

Sworn and subscribed to before me one the Justices of the Peace in the County aforesaid.  Given under my hand the day & year above written (Sigd) f. Lesieur

 

[Page 35]

 

Superintendency of Ind. Affs

St Louis January 7th 1834

 

M. Wm Price

 

Sir,

 

For your information and that of the other individuals whose names are subscribed to a letter post marked Montebello, Ill. Dec. 20th – I beg leave to state, that the notice alluded to in your letter is intended to give an opportunity to all persons justly entitled to land under the Sac & Fox Treaty of 4th August 1824, to present their claims with the evidence in their support, to this office, so that they may may be acted on at the proper time.  But at what period a decision on those claims will be made, when a title will be given, or even its nature, I am not from any information in my profession, able to state.  But as the lands are surveyed, it is I think, highly probable, the subject will be acted on at an early day, at Washington, and a mode of apportionment adopted, equitable and impartial toward all persons interested

 

Very Respectfully

Your Obt Svt:

(Signed) Wm Clark

 

[Page 36]

 

Superintendy of Indn. Affairs,

St. Louis, Jany 7th, 1834.

 

Doct [P.] Garland,

 

Sir, - Your letter of the 12th ult on the subject of the claim of Mary Tolman, formerly Mary Duque, and the accompanying deposition of Show-a-no-quah, a Fox woman, in its support, have been received and shall be filed away for the necessary action at the proper time.

 

The copy of “a certificate from certain chiefs & principal men of the Sac & Fox Indians, as to the blood of St. Jean’s children,” stated by you to have been also forwarded with your letter, has not reached this office, nor has the deposition which you mention as having transmitted proving the heirs of St Jean to have been of Sac descent, come to hand.  Should it be the wish of the parties interested, to file those, or similar papers in this office, let them be forwarded as early as practicable.  And I would recommend that all claims forwarded, be supported by the deposition of the claimants, and by such other testimony as is available, the depositions should be taken before a Justice of the Peace certified to be such by a Clerk of Some court of record.  Mere unauthenticated copies of certificates, or reference to individuals will, most likely, not be considered sufficient when

 

[Page 37]

 

the claims come to be decided on.

 

I beg leave further to remark, that the object now in view, is to give an opportunity to all who consider themselves justly entitled to land as half breeds, under the Sac & Fox treaty of 4th August 1824, of presenting their claims with the evidence in their support.  The time & mode of distribution of the lands, as well as the nature of the title to be conveyed, have not, I am inclined to think, been yet determined, but as the lands are surveyed, the subject will most probably receive an early attention at Washington.

 

I have the honor to be, &

Wm. Clark

 

[Page 38]

 

Superintendy of Indn Affairs,

St. Louis, Jan. 10th, 1834

 

Mr Isaac R Campbell,

 

Sir, - Your letter of the 20th ult, with the power of attorney attached thereto, has been received.

 

In reply to your inquiry whether the name of Christopher Antio is on the list of those who have substantiated “their claims” as half breeds of the Sac & Fox nation, I beg leave to state that no such name is on file in this office as a claimant for land under the reservation made in the treaty of 4th August 1824.  A name somewhat similar in sound, has been returned to this office as that of a half breed of the aforesaid nation, and perhaps the same individual may be meant as you allude to, the difference arising only from the French mode of pronouncing & writing it.  Should you conclude to have the claim you have written about, supported, by the proper evidence, it would be well to do so at an early day, & have the papers transmitted to this office.

 

I have the honor to be &c

(Signed) Wm. Clark

 

[Page 39]

 

Ke O Kuck Decembr 20 1833

 

Wiliam Clark

Supt Indn Affs

 

Sir –

 

I have taken this opportunity of addressing a few lines to you.  I see in the Missouri Republican that you have notifyd all half Breeds that have not proven in their claims to do so.  As I am acting as agent for one of them by the name of Christopher Antio, and he is not here, I want you to inform me if his name is on the list that has substantiated their claims, and if not I will furnish other proof.  I hereby annexed the Power of Attorney to show you my authority for writing to you on this subject, and I want you to answer to my letter immediately, and give me all the information that is in your power on the subject and direct you Letters to C Montebello Hancock County

 

Isaac R Campbell

Acting Agent

 

Know all Men by these presents, that I Christopher Antio of Prairie du Chien in the Territory of Michigan Do by these presents nominate, constitute and appoint James White and Alexander White of the County of Hancock and State of Illinois, and Isaac R Campbell of the Village of Ke O Kuck at the foot of the Des Moine Rapids in the half breed reserve of the Sac & Fox Nations of Indians, my true and lawful agents and attorneys, for me and in my name place and stead, to do and perform for me the acts things, duties, and powers hereinafter mentioned To Wit Whereas I the said Christopher Antio am entitled to an equal and undivided portion or [moitie] of Land

 

[Page 40]

 

lying in the reserve made by the Sac & Fox nations of Indians in favour of the half Breeds of said nations in and by a certain Treaty made by the Chiefs of said Nation on the 4th day of August 1824 at Washington City; lying and being situated between the Mississippi and Des Moine rivers and whereas I live at too great a distance to attend conveniently to the said interest in person, and being destitute of learning or legal knowledge, and having full faith and confidence in the ability, fidelity, and discretion of the said James White, Alexander White and Isaac R. Campbell, I have and hereby do appoint them my true and lawful Agents and Attorneys irrevocable to do all acts, and things of any nature whatsoever that I myself could do in relation to the aforesaid interest in said reserve.  Particularly I hereby authorize and empower my said agents and Attorneys to take all necessary preparatory steps with the Government of the United States in order to ascertain and defend my said interest with certainty; and to procure a recognition of the said Government of my interest, and have it designated with certainty by notes and bounds and for me and in my name, peace and stead, to make, sign, seal and deliver, all deeds, rights, acquitances, releases, or any and every other description of written instrument or instruments which it may become necessary to make, in order to perfect my title to said lands  And I do hereby authorise and empower my said Agents and Attorneys to sell and convey my deed or to lease, rent, or otherwise to dispose of any tract or tracts of land or lands, that may be allotment or otherwise be given to me in said reserve upon a legal division thereof being made for such sum or sums of money – or other property, as they may

 

[Page 41]

 

think proper to take in Exchange Therefor: And lastly I do hereby authorize and empower my aforesaid Agents and Attorneys, to do all and every act or acts, thing or things, that I might lawfully do in person, as amply and to all intents and purposes as I could or might do thereby ratifying and allowing all the lawful acts or acts of my said attorneys.

 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal at Venice in Hancock County this third day of September in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred & Thirty Three

 

Christopher his X mark Antio

 

In presence of

Wesley Williams

John Wagginer Jr.

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

This day personally appeared before the undersigned Notary Public in and for said county Christopher Antio, known to said Notary as the identical person who is described in and who signed the within written instrument, and then acknowledged that he signed and sealed the same as his voluntary act and deed for the purposes therein expressed.

In Testimony whereof I have hereunton subscribed my name and affixed my seal Notorial at Carthage this third day of September 1833

 

(Signed) Wesley Williams N. P.

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

Recorders Office

Carthage 3d Sept. 1833

 

This is to certify that on this day the annexed written instrument and the above certificate of acknowledgement have been duly recorded in said Office in Book A pages 143.98.50

 

Att. Wesley Williams K.H. Co.

 

[Page 42]

 

Ke O Kuck Dec. 12th 1833

 

Genl. Wm. Clark

Supt. Indn. Affs.

 

Dr. Sir

 

Being called on as a corresponding agent for certain half breed claimants of land, in the tract of land situated between the Des Moines and Mississippi rivers – I wish to inform you that the reasons why the heirs of St. Jean have taken the accompanying depositions, are because, some persons have represented that their Mother was not Sac but Menomene.  This opinion arose from the circumstance that Mas-sank-qui s Mother was (after her first marriage and birth of Mas-sank-qui her first child, widowed by the death of her husband a Sac Indian) married to a Menomine Indian by whom she bore several children.  These children being part Menomine and brothers or sisters to Mas-sank-qui, have contributed to establish the opinion that Mas-sank-qui was also part Menomine

 

Also the few lines erased in the deposition of Show-o-no-quah relative to Mary Tolman, was because the depenant did not know the father, though she been well the son Lewis Desonie, the son of Ap-pam-me by her first husband and her marriage and residence with him (Desonie) was only matter of common report but her marriage and residence with Duque her second husband, and the fact of Mary Tolman being the ofspring of this second marriage, she had perfect knowledge of, also that Duque was a frenchman from Canada of dark complexion and although it can be proven that he spoke the French as his mother tongue, some have supposed that he might have had some as mixture of Canadian Indian blood in him, and therefore have set up objections to his daughters claim, as a claim out of land. –

 

[Page 43]

 

But it can be further proved that Mr  Mauric [Blondeaux] in his life time asserted that the said Mary Tolman was entitled to a share of Land, and was omitted with first list of claimants through neglect on his part.  We further refer to the depisition of Duncan Graham taken at Prairie du Chien, in the Year 1830 and now in the Superintendants Office; also Baptiste Jaco, otherwise called Twoine, he obtained the name of Twoine, from the fact that a man by the name of Twoine raised him from a small boy, having married his mother.  Herewith is also a certificate from certain chiefs and principal men of the Sac & Fox Indians as to the Blood of St. Jean s children this certificate being witnessed by Major [Sprigg], it was thought unnecessary to attend with any further formalities, as the one forwarded is a true copy of the original & Major Sprigg being in St. Louis can be called on if it should be thought necessary

 

I have the honor to be

most Respectfully &c

J. Garland

 

Genl Wm. Clark

Supt. Indian Affs.

 

Sir

 

We the undersigned have appointed Doctr. J. Garland our agent to correspond with you, and any communication addressed to him at Venus Hancock County Illinois will be thankfully received

 

(Signed)  Baptiste his mark Jaco

John Tolman

Archange Palen

Louisa Bushnell

 

[Page 44]

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County} ss 

 

At my office this 12th day of December 1833 personnally appeared before me a Justice of the Peace in and for said County, Show-a-no-quah an ancient woman of the Fox tribe of Indians who being sworn deposeth & saith that she was personnally known to Ap-pam-mo a Fox woman and that she the said Ap-pam-mo was the wife of Lewis Duque, called by the Indians (Show-a-no and during her residence with her said husband she was the mother of Mary Duque, now Mary Tolman, aged about Twenty Six years, and no residing with her husband on the Des Moines River: And further this deponent saith, that the aforesaid Lewis Duque was in the capacity of an Interpreter for Debuque and recognised as a frenchman by all who knew him; and his wife was a full blooded Fox woman, who was the mother of the above named Mary Tolman: and further this deponent saith not

 

(signed) Show-a-no-quah her X mark

 

Sworn to and subscribed before me the day and date above (signed) Saml. Steele J. P.

 

J. Edward Bushnell do hereby certify that the within facts, were fully stated by the deponent in the Sacs tongue, and appeared to be well understood by her, Witness my hand

 

(Signed) Edward Bushnell

Interpreter

 

Sworn and subscribed before me this 12th day of Decembr A.D. 1833

 

Saml. Steele J. P.

 

[Page 45]

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

I Wesley Williams, Clerk of the County Commissioners court of Hancock County in the State of Illinois; do hereby certify that Saml Steele before whom the annexed deposition was taken and whose name is signed to the certificate of the same, was on the day of taking and signing the same and still is an acting Justice of the Peace in and for said county & state, duly commissioned and qualified, and that full faith and credit is due to his official acts as such

 

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court at Carthage in said county this Twentieth day of December A.D. 1833

 

(Signed) Wesley Williams C.H. C.C.C.

 

[Page 46]

 

State of Illinois

Jo Daviess County} ss

 

Personally came before me John Turney, a Justice of the Peace in and for said county, Daniel L. Harris, who being of lawful age and duly sworn, deposes & says, that he was well acquainted with Amos Farrar a full blooded white man, formerly an indian Trader and knew him personnally when he lived with an Indian woman of the Fox Tribe, by name Mey-an-no, she being a full blooded Indian, that in the year 1823 the said Indian Woman had a child, a girl, named Betsy, whom said Amos Farrar always acknowledged to be his daughter; and that said child was living in the year 1824

 

(signed)  D. L. Harris

 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 23d day of December 1833

 

(signed) John Turney J. P.

At the same time also came before me, John Turney, Justice as aforesaid, Jessee W. Shull who also, of being of lawful age and by me duly sworn in his oath, says, that he was also well acquainted with the said Amos Farrar, a full blood white man, and with the said Mey-an-no, a full blood Indian woman of the Fox Tribe, whose father was called and known to this official by the name of Mee-osh-a-ne-na, that this affiant was familiar with the Fox Tribe of Indians, and spoke the language.  That by said Indian woman, said Farrar had Two daughters whom he always acknowledged to be his children, and both of whom were born previous to the year 1825

 

[Page 47]

 

(Signed)

J. W. Shull

 

Subscribed & sworn to before me this 23d day of December 1833

 

(Signed)

John Turney J. P.

 

State of Illinois

Jo Daviess County} ss

 

This day personnally appeared before me Nehemiah Bates a Justice of the Peace in and for said County, David G. Bates who being duly sworn, deposes and says, that he was acquainted with Amos Farrar, an Indian Trader on the Mississippi, from the year 1819 to 1832 inclusive  That the said Farrar did live with a Fox or Mus-quau-kie woman named Mey-an-no, the daughter of Me-o-she-mineah, that he had by her a daughter called Betsy who was born in the year 1823, who was living in September 1824, and was the child to his personal knowledge to whom the grant was intended in the land between the Des moine & Mississippi river by the Sacs & Foxes in 1824.

 

(signed)  David G. Bates

 

Sworn and subscribed to before me this 25th day of December 1833

 

(signed) Nehemiah Bates J. P.

 

[Page 48]

 

State of Illinois

Jo Daviess County

 

It is hereby certified that the within named John Turney and Nehemiah Bates, before whom the within affidavits were taken, are acting Justices of the Peace in and for said county, respectively commissioned as such and that full faith and credit are due to their acts as such.

 

In Testimony whereof J W. B. Green, Clerk of the County Commissioners court of said County have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court, dated Decembr. 25th 1833

 

(signed)  W. B. Green Clk

 

[Page 49]

 

To Genl W. Clark

Supt. Indian Affs

 

Sir

 

We the undersigned some of the joint proprietors of a Tract of land granted to certain number of Half breeds of the Sac & Fox Nations of Indians by said Nation of Indians, having seen a notice emanating from your office, beg leave to enquire of you as [forums] – viz – 1st  How soon may the proprietors or claimants expect a decission upon these claims set forth?  2ndly How soon will the Government be enabled to give a title to each mans share in [Fee] simple?  And the undersigned beg leave to inform the Superintendant, that in making the decission and location of each proprietors share, that it is the wish that it might be done by Three disinterested men to be chosen an appointed by themselves.  Be pleased in reply to the above to direct to William Price, at Montebello Hancock County Illinois; one of the claimants in the part of his wife Marguerite, daughter of Chemaille Pargu, a female of the Fox nation who married La Blanc Abiere.

 

We have the honor to be very respectfully

Yr. Obt. Servants

 

(Signed) Pierre Brousas on the part of his wife the late Marie Louise Causville

William Price

William M Brice

Madam Gunville

 

Dear General

 

William Price one of the above signed requested me to say to you, on his behalf, that he is very anxious to know how soon he may expect information respecting the land to which he has a claim, on the part

 

[Page 50]

 

part of his wife one of the half Breeds, he is about to move from his present residence in Sangamen to this section of country and wishes to go on his land as soon as possible.  Your early attention to the matter and reply to the enquiries he respectfully and earnestly requests Please direct to this office

 

I have the honor to be Dear

General Yours Respectfully

(signed) Hazen Bidill

 

Genl W Clark

 

[Page 51]

 

State of Illinois

Jo Daviess County

 

Before me Nehemiah Bates a justice of the peace within and for said county aforesaid, personnally appears Jessu W. Shull, who being of lawful age and duly sworn, deposeth and saith that he was acquainted with an Indian Woman a full blood Sac by name Lee-vin-nu deponent further saith that he was acquainted with the said Lee-vin-nu when she lived with Jno Camelly as his wife, that said Jn [?] Camelly was a full blood white man, was Sub Facter under Thos. B. Bert, and subsequently sub agent for the Sac and Fox Indian nations, finding that the aforesaid Jno. Camelly had by the aforesaid Indian woman Perince two children one boy and one girl name of the girl not recollect.  But his son Thomas Jefferson Camnelly in an about 15 years of age (this date) said depenent and personnally acquainted with & his father Jno Camelly always acknowledged him publicly and privately to be his son Depenent further saith, that he was acquainted with a full blood Sac Indian – that the aforesaid Lee-vin-nu, punted out to him said Indian on the East side of Fever river and stated he was her father the name of the Father of Lee-vin-nu, depenent [XXXXX] at present recollect, neither deed he recollect the name of her brother

 

(Signed) J. W. Shull

 

Sworn and subscribed to before me this 21st day of Dec 1833

 

(Signed) Nehemiah Bates J. P.

 

State of Illinois

Jo Daviess County

 

It is hereby certified that the within names Nehemiah Bates before whom the within depisition was taken, is an acting Justice of the Peace in and for said County, duly Commissioned as such, and

 

[Page 52]

 

full faith and credit are due to his acts as such

 

In Testimony whereof J. W. B. Green, Clerk of the County Commissioners Court of said county have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said county this 21st day of Decembr A.D. 1833

 

(Signed) W. B. Green, Clk

 

St. Charles 21 Feb. 1834

 

Sir,

 

I have seen in the newspapers that it is of importance to the half breed of the Sauk & Fox nations to prove their extraction before a justice of the peace & thus to establish their claim to their respective part in the reserved lands.  There are two girls half breed of the Saulk nation who have been formerly in the Indian school, of which I was Superintendant, they are now living in the state of Louisiana.  having always considered myself their guardian, I would wish to help them in getting their share.  I send here enclosed the affidavit for the one.  You will much oblige me by letting me know whether it is in order, & what is necessary for them to be done to get their share – the witnesses for the other live at Rock Island, from whom I expect daily an answer to the letters I have addressed to them.

 

Please to accept the assurance of the esteem & respect with which I am, Sir, your humble & obedt. Servt.

 

(Signed)  Cs. f Van Quickenborne

 

Genl. Clark)

 

[Page 53]

 

Sate of Missouri,

County of St Charles

 

On the second day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand Eight hundred and thirty four, appeared before me a Justice of the Peace for the township of Portage des Sioux, Mr Etienne Bienvenu and Mr. Patrice Roy personally known to me and have severally declared upon oaths that they have known an Indian woman called Cassaquoy, that they know this the said Indian woman is of the Sack nation, and is the mother of a girl named Elisabeth whose father is George Hunt a white man, the said Elisabeth being now about 18 or 19 years old, in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal

 

(Signed)

 

Etiene son X marque Bienvenu

Patrice son X marque Roy

 

(Signed)

Fr. Lesieur. J. P.

 

Superintendy of Ind. Affs

St. Louis, Feb. 25, 1834

 

Sir,

I have had the honor to receive your communication of the 21st inst. and the deposition of Messrs. Bienvenu & Roy, enclosed therewith, in relation to the claim of Elisabeth Hunt, to a portion of the land reserved for the half breed Sacs & Foxes.

 

From an examination of the records in this office, I find her name on several papers

 

[Page 54]

 

connected with this subject; nothing, however, appears on the records in regard to her sister.

 

Were it practicable it would I think be advisable that the depositions identify the claimants as being the children of those th[XXXX] whom they claim, and that the claim be made either in person, or by the guardian or nearest friend of the claimant.  The age of the claimant should also be clearly proven, as it may be hereafter a question whether those born after the treaty securing the lands to the half breeds, are justly entitled to any part thereof.

 

The reservation is all surveyed, but no mode of distribution among the claimants has as yet been determined upon, as far as I know, nor has the kind of title intended to be conveyed, as yet been communicated to this office. – It is however, likely, the whole subject will receive an early consideration at Washington.

 

Respectfully,

Your ob. Svt

(Signed) Wm Clark

 

Rev. Cs. f Van Quickenborne

St Charles

 

[Page 55]

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County}ss

 

At my office this 12th day of Decembr 1833.  Personally appeared before me a Justice of the Peace, in and for said county, Mah-me-ash-c-ko (an old Sac man) who being sworn, deposeth & saith, he was personally known to Tus-se-sac-kuk a Sac woman who was the wife of a Canadian French man, by the name of Baptiste Jaco, and during his residence with her said husband, she was the mother of a son, by the name of Baptiste Jaco, but commonly called Baptiste Twoine, & that the said son Baptiste is now Twenty Eight or Thirty years of age, now residing at Ke-o-kuck’tinn in the Ioway River, and further this deponent saith not

 

(signed) Mah-me-ash-e-ko his X mark

 

Sworn to and subscribed before me the day and date above

 

(signed) Saml. Steele J. P.

 

I, Isaac Garland do hereby certify that the above facts were fully stated by the above depenent in the Sac tongue and appeared to be well understood by him

 

Witness my hand

(signed) I. Garland

 

Sworn to and subscribed before me the day and date above

(signed)  Saml. Steele, J. P.

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

I, Wesley Williams Clerk of the County Commissioners, court in and for said county, do hereby certify that Saml Steele, before whom the within deposition was taken was on the day of the date thereof an acting Justice of the Peace within and for

 

[Page 56]

 

said county, duly commissioned & qualified

 

In Testimony, whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court at Carthage this sixth day of February A.D. 1834

 

(signed) Wesley Williams. C.H.C.C.C.

 

Hancock County

State of Illinois} ss

 

At my office this 12th day of December in the year of our lord, one Thousand Eight hundred & thirty three personally appeared before me a Justice of the Peace, in and for said county Show-a-no-quah, an ancient woman of the Fox tribe of Indians who being sworn, as the law directs deposeth and saith, that she the said Depenent was personally known to Mas-sauk-que, a Sac woman who was the wife of Joseph St. Jean a Frenchman, and that the said wife of the said St. Jean, was the mother of the following children during her living with her said husband (To wit:) Archange St. Jean, now Archange Palen aged about twenty five years, residing at Des moines rapids Louisa St. Jean now Louisa Bushnell, aged about twenty two years, residing at Des moine Rapids, Mary St. Jean who departed this life in this year one thousand Eight hundred and twenty five or six, aged about Ten years, Agathe St Jean, who departed this life in the year following the last mentioned date, aged about Eight years: And further this Depenant saith that she does not believe that the aforesaid Mas-sauk-que, had any other blood in her, but Sac, and further this depenant saith not

 

(signed) Show-a-no-quah her X mark

 

[Page 57]

 

Sworn to and subscribed before me the day and date above

 

(signed) Saml. Steele J. P.

 

I, Isaac Garland, do hereby certify that the within facts were fully stated by the within depenant in the Sac tongue and appeared to be well understood by her.  Witness my hand

 

(signed) I. Garland

Interpreter

 

Sworn to and subscribed before me, this 12th day of Dec. 1833

Saml. Steele J. P.

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

I Wesley Williams clerk of the county Commissioners court in and for said county, Do hereby certify that Samuel Steel before whom the above and foregoing Deposition appears to have been taken and whose name is thereunto signed was on the day of the date thereof and still is an acting Justice of the Peace within & for said county, duly commissioned & qualified, and that his official acts, as such are entitled to full faith & credit

 

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court at Carthage in said County this 30th day of January A.D. 1834

 

(signed) Wesley Williams C.H.C.C.C.

 

Carthage 5th Feby 1834

 

Dear Sir

 

I am instructed by Archange Palen and Edward Brisnell to say that any communication you may deem necessary on the subject of the Enclosed Depositions may be made to either of them and directed to Fort Edwards P. O. Hancock Co. [XXXXX]

 

Respectfully

Your Obt Servant

(signed) Wesley Williams

 

Genl Clark

 

[Page 58]

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

At my office this 3d day of Feby 1834 Personally appeared before me a Justice of the Peace in and for said county, Courvill, a French Canadian who being sworn, deposeth and saith, he was personally known to She-no-pa-kai a Fox woman, who was the wife of a Canadian Frenchman by the name of Augustis Abay, and during her residence with her husband, she was the mother of three children, Saga Courvill, Fransways Abay, Margaret Abay all of which is twenty one years of age two of them living near Montebello & one at Prairie du Chien, this subscribed and sworn to by Jeremiah Courvill

 

(Signed)  Jeremiah his X mark Courvill

Keo-Kuck his X mark

Mis – E-co- his X mark

No-ni-o-Qai – E-saith his X mark

Wa-so-ack his X mark

Mes-qua-que his X mark

 

I do hereby certify that the with sworn to by Jeremiah Corlvill given under my hand and seal, day and date above written

 

(signed) Mathew Eubanks J. P.

 

State of Illinois

Hancock county

 

I Wesley Williams, clerk of the Commissioners, court of said county, do hereby certify that Mathew Eubanks, before whom the within depisition was taken, was on the day of the date thereof and still is and acting Justice of the Peace within & for

 

[Page 59]

 

said county, duly commissioned & qualified.

 

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court at Carthage this sixth day of February A.D. 1834

 

(signed) Wesley Williams C.H.C.C.C.

 

Montebello Feby 4, 1834

 

Genl Wm. Clark

Supt. Of Indin Affs

St. Louis Mo

 

Sir

 

I have the honor to acknowledge your favour of the 10th ulto. & upon examination into the facts I find that the erring of the name arose from the misspelling in English by the Notary Public, as you will perceive by the affidavits, which I have the honor to Enclose to you, one & the same person is designated in each of the documents, and it is the fact that the person called Christopher Antio, in the Power of Attorney is the same man mentioned in the Enclosed Affidavits and called Pierre, Christostime or Christopher Entaya

 

I have honor to be sir verry

Respectfully Your Obt Srvt

(signed) Isaac R Campbell

 

P.S. Please have the goodness to acknowledge the receipt of these papers as soon as convenient and direct to this office & oblige yours --

 

[Page 60]

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

Personally appeared before me a Justice of the Peace in said state & county aforesaid, Keokuck, the principal Chief of the Sac & Fox Tribes of Indians, and being duly sworn upon the Holy Evangelist and the Sacred Cross: deposeth and saith that Pierre alias, Cnsostime, alias Christopher Entaya’, is a half breed of the Sac & Fox Tribes of Indians, and is about twenty Eight years of age, and is one of those persons who is entitled to an equal share or proportion of the Tract of land reserved by the said Tribes of Indians in their Treaty with the United States on the 4th of Augt. A.D. 1824, for the use and benefit of certain half breeds of said tribes of Indians; and that the mother of said Pierre, alias Chrisostime, or Christopher Entaya was son of Po-Ko-See, and further this depenent saith not

 

(signed) Ke-o-Kuck his X mark

 

And also personally appeared at the same time

Wa-Keh-Shaw his X mark

Nin-ni-qui-e-sorti his X mark

Mash-qua-qui his X mark

Wa-So-ack his X mark

Mes-E-Co his X mark

 

Who being duly Sworn upon the Holy Evangelist and the sacred Cross, Testified to the same facts, which are set forth in the Deposition Signed & Sworn to by KeoKuck and further the Depenants saith not

 

Nin-ni-ash-qui his X mark

Wa-pa-so his X mark

Pai-mi-sortie his X mark

Wa-Keh-Shaws his X mark

Mes-E-Co his X mark

Mes-qua-qui his X mark

 

[Page 61]

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

Personally subscribed & sworn to before me this fourth day of February A.D. 1834.

 

(signed) Mathew Eubanks J P

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

I Wesley Williams clerk of the county commissioners court in and for said county do hereby certify that Mathew Eubanks before whom the annexed affidafit appears to have been taken was on the day of the date thereof an acting Justice of the peace within and for said County, duly commissioned and qualified, and that his official acts as such are entitled to full faith and credit

 

In Testimony whereof I have hereto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court at Carthage, this 5th day of Feby 1834

 

(signed) Wesley Williams CHCCC

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

Montebello Feby 9th 1834

 

Hon. Wm. Clark

St. Louis

 

Sir

 

The half Breeds land, being a few days previous to this date proven by Ke-o-Kuck and other principal men of the Sacs & Fox nation before me the undersigned, a Justice of the Peace, the lands belonging to the half Breeds, as far as they have made application there is said to be more that have not applied, that those men says that their right is good.  Mr Edward Brisnell requested that I should write to you.  I took them to the Clerk of the Court and had the County

 

[Page 62]

 

Seal put on them.  Sir please when you receive them and these lines you would write to me, concerning them and in so doing you will oblige your friend

 

(signed) Mathew Eubanks

 

We the undersigned Chiefs of the Sac & Fox Tribes do hereby certify that Nia-see-que (Kea-sha-qua) the mother of the children of St. Jean was a woman belonging to the Sacs Tribe and that we do not know that there was any other, blood in her veins, other than that of Sacs.

 

Certified this 15th day of March 1833

 

Keo Kuck X his mark

Ar-sar-wish Ka-ne his X mark

[Wan-pa-po-Carh-Calk] X his mark

Na-Pick X his mark

Wa-pae-quat X his mark

Ash-Ka-pach-Kai X his mark

Wa-Ka-O-Say X his mark

Wa-Keh-Show X his mark

 

Jno Forsythe Interpreter

 

Witness Jenessu T Sprigs

Surveyor of the half Breed Sacs & Fox reservation

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

I Wesley Williams clerk of the county commissioners court of said county do hereby certify that Mathew Eubanks before whom the within deposition was taken was on the day of the date thereof, an acting Justice of the Peace in and for said county duly commissioned & qualified.

 

In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court at Carthage this 6th day of Feby 1834

 

(signed) Wesley Williams C.H.C.C.C.

 

[Page 63]

 

Illinois Hancock County

Feby 3d, 1834

 

I do hereby certify that Keo Kuck & Wa-Keh-Shaw personally appeared before me a justice of the peace and acknowledged in oath that the within is just and true and is signed by their own hands, given under my hand and seal day and date above written

 

(signed) Mathew Eubanks J. P.

a justice of the Peace of

Hancock County Jn.

 

Archange St. Jean

age 25 years

 

Louisa St Jean

age 22 years

 

Mary St. Jean

age 10 years

 

Agathe St. Jean

age 8 years

 

Office of Supt. Indn Affs

St Louis April 2d 1834

 

Sir,

 

In the absence of the Superintendent I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 22d ulto. - & the Depositions enclosed therewith in support of the claims of Pierre Antaya, Jr, and of Louis Desonier, Jr, as half breeds of the Sac & Fox nation

 

Respectfully &c

(Signed) Geo: Maguire

 

H. L. Dousman Esq.

Prairie du Chien

 

[Page 64]

 

Prairie des Chiens 22d March 1834

 

Sir,

 

I have been requested to transmit to you the enclosed affidavits, touching the claim of two half breeds of the Fox nation, who claim their Share of the land granted by the treaty with the Sac & Foxes of August 1824.  Please make the proper disposition of them.

 

Respectfully

(Signed) H.S. Dousman

 

Genl Wm Clark

Supt. Of Ind. Affs

St Louis Mo

 

Territory of Michigan

County of Crawford.}ss

Be it remembered that on the 2d day of March A.D. 1834, personally came before the undersigned justice of the peace in & for the county aforesaid Margarette Larriviere, who being duly sworn on the holy Evangelist of Almighty god, deposeth & saith that she is well acquainted with Louis Desonier a half breed of the Fox nation – that his parents are Louis Desonier a Canadian by birth and Waubaymoone (the Looking glass) an Indian woman of the Fox tribe of Indians living near Dubuque’s mines on the Mississippi – that said Desonier was born about the year A.D. 1800 on the Mississippi River & is now living on Lake Huron

 

Margarette her X mark Larrivierre

 

[Page 65]

 

Sworn & subscribed to before me

this 2d day of March A.D. 1834

 

(Signed) Joseph Rolette

Justice of the Peace

 

Territory of Michigan

County of Crawford } sct

 

I Joseph Brisbois clerk of the County court, for the County of Crawford in the Territory aforesaid, do hereby certify, that Joseph Rolette esq: before whom the foregoing affidavit was sworn, is and was on the 12th day of March A.D. 1834, a Justice of the Peace, within & for said county, duly commissioned and qualified, residing at Prairie du Chien, and that full faith & credit are & ought to be given to all his official acts &c

 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand, & affixed the Seal of said county court at Prairie du Chien this 12th day of march A.D. 1834.

 

(signed) J. Brisbois

Clerk C.C.C. M. T.

 

Territory of Michigan

County of Crawford } ss

 

Be it remembered that on the 3rd day of March 1834, personally came before the undersigned Justice of the Peace in & for the county aforesaid Jean Bt Mayrand who being duly sworn on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God, deposeth & saith, that he

 

[Page 66]

 

was well acquainted with Louis Desonier a Canadian by birth who married a woman of the Fox nation (about the year A.D. 1798) then living on the Mississippi River near Dubuque’s mines.  That said Desonier died in the employ of Julien Dubuques at his mines about the year A.D. 1805 & that the said Indian woman (called Waubaymoone) is now living with her nation as this deponent verily believes.

 

This deponent further says that he is well acquainted with Louis Desonier Jr. who now resides on Lake Huron and that he is the son of the said Louis Desonier Senr and the said Fox woman called Waubaymoone and that said Louis Desonier Jr is entitled to all the rights of a half breed of the Fox nation

 

(signed) J. Bte Mayrand

 

Sworn & subscribed to before me

this 3rd day of March 1834

 

(signed) Joseph Rolette

Justice of the peace

 

Territory of Michigan

County of Crawford } sct.

 

I Joseph Brisbois clerk of the county court for the county of Crawford in the Territory aforesaid, do hereby certify that Joseph Rolette Esqr before whom the foregoing affidavit was sworn, is and was on the 12th day of March A.D. 1834 a justice of the Peace within & for said county duly commissioned, and qualified, and that full faith & credit are and ought to be

 

[Page 67]

 

given to all his official acts.

 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand & affixed the seal of said court, at Prairie du Chien this 12th day of March 1834

 

(Signed) J. Brisbois

Clerk C.C.C. M.T.

 

Territory of Michigan

County of Crawford

 

Be it remembered that on the 4th day of March A.D. 1834, before the undersigned Justice of the Peace in & for the County aforesaid, personally came Dennis Courtois, who being duly sworn, on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God, deposeth & saith that he has resided at Prairie du Chien since the year 1792, & that he was well acquainted with Pierre Antaya Senr. a canadian by birth who resided at said place and who married a Fox woman KeeZesh (or the sun) the Pierre Antaya Jr. is the son of said Pierre Antaya Senr, by the said Fox woman and is now about forty eight years old and that said Pierre Antaya Jr. has two brothers [viz] Isaac and Chrysostome & three Sisters, Mrs Larriviere, Ms Powers & Ms Proveau now residing at Prairie du Chien, and that said Pierre Antaya Jr is entitled to all the rights & priviledges of a half breed of the Fox nation

(Signed) D. Courtois

 

Sworn & subscribed to before

 

[Page 68]

 

me this 8th day of March 1834

 

(Signed) Joseph Rolette

Justice of the Peace

 

Territory of Michigan

County of Crawford } sct.

 

I Joseph Brisbois clerk of the County Court of Crawford in the Territory aforesaid, do hereby certify that Joseph Rolette Esqr. before whom the foregoing affidavit was sworn, is and was on the 12th day of March 1834, a Justice of the Peace within and for said county, duly commissioned and qualified, residing at Prairie du Chien, and that full faith & credit are and ought to be given to all his official acts.

 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand & affixed the seal of said County Court, at Prairie du Chien this 12th day of March 1834.

 

(Signed) J. Brisbois

Clerk C.C.C. M. T.

 

Territory of Michigan

County of Crawford } ss

 

Be it remembered that on the 4th day of March 1834, before the undersigned Justice of the Peace in & for the County aforesaid, personally came Jean Bt. Mayrand to me well Known, who

 

[Page 69]

 

being duly sworn on the holy Evangelist of Almighty God, deposeth & saith, that he has been on the upper Mississippi since the year A.D. 1792, & that he is well acquainted with Pierre Antaya Junr. who was born at Prairie du Chien, and is at the day hereof about forty eight years old, that his father was Pierre Antaya Sr. [decdn] a Canadian & his mother a woman of the Fox nation, called Kee Zish (the sun) and that said Pierre Antaya Jr. is a half breed of the Fox nation and entitled to claim as such

 

(Signed) J. Bt. Mayrand

 

Sworn & Subscribed to before

me at Prairie du Chien the

12th day of March 1834.

(Signed) Joseph Rolette

Justice of the Peace

 

Territory of Michigan

County of Crawford } ssct.

 

I, Joseph Brisbois clerk of the county court for the county of Crawford in the Territory aforesaid, do hereby certify that Joseph Rolette, Esqr. before whom the foregoing affidavit was sworn is & was on the 12th day of March A.D. 1834, a Justice of the Peace within & for said county, duly commissioned and qualified, residing at Prairie du Chien, and that full faith & credit are and ought to be given to all his official acts

 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said county court at Prairie du Chien this 12th day of March A. D. 1834

 

(Signed) J. Brisbois Clerk C.C.C. M.T.

 

[Page 70]

 

Territory of Michigan

County of Crawford ss

 

Before me James H Lockwood a Justice of the Peace within and for the county of Crawford, personally came, Donis Courtois, Louse Queri, Michael Dubois, who being of lawful age and duly sworn, depose and say that they were well acquainted with an Indian woman named (le soleil) the sun) belonging to the Fox tribe of Indians, and that she was a full blood Indian, and that they knew the said Indian woman whilst she lived with Pierre Pelka Antoyer, a full blood white man, and that during this cohabitation the said woman had Elizabeth (Cardinal) Margaret (Larivierre) Perish Antoyer, Mary (Lapointe) Theotiste (Provost) Isaac Antoyer, Euphroisine (Powers) Isadore Antoyer, Chryostom Antoyer. – and also that they were acquainted with an Indian woman named Macousequi, belonging to the Fox tribe of Indians, and that she was a full blood Indian, that they knew the said Indian woman, whilst she lived with Bazil Geard a full blood white man, and that the said woman had during the Cohabitation, Marie Louis Geard (chienoert) and Mary Geard (Bell) and also that they were acquainted with an Indian woman named Ce nah pah quet belonging to the Fox tribe of Indians and that she was a full blood Indian and that they knew said Indian woman

 

[Page 71]

 

whilst she lived with Augustin Hebert a full blood white man, and that the said woman had during their cohabitation Louise (Brousseau) Francoise (Menard) Margaret (Price), and that we were acquainted with the Indian woman named Kewau we so ke, belonging to the Fox Tribes of Indians and that she was a full blood Indian, and that they knew the said woman whilst she lived with J. B. Jandron a full blood white man and that he had during their cohabitation, Pierre Jandron, and that they were acquainted with a woman named Wabamoon, of the Fox tribe and that she was a full blood Indian and that they knew said woman whilst she lived with Antoine Desonier a full blood white man and that during their cohabitation they had Louis on Desonier, and also that they were acquainted with an Indian woman named Tapasse of the Saux tribe and that she was a full blood Indian and that they knew said woman whilst she lived with John W. Johnson a full blood white man and that during their cohabitation they had two daughters Mary & Roselle – and that all the above persons were in existence on the 4th day of August 1824, that Elizabeth Antoyer (Cardinal) is since dead, Perish Antoyer resides at Pen-a-tong-qua-shin, in upper Canada, and Isidore Antoyer resides in the Territory of Arkansa all the other Antoyers reside at this place, that Marie Louise and Mary Geard, Francoise Hebert Pierre Jandron reside at this place.  Louis

 

[Page 72]

 

Brousseau, Resides at Demoine Rapids, Margaret price in Illinois, Louis on Desonier resides at Pen-a-tong-qua-shin, and further deponents saith not.

 

(Signed) Denis Courtois

Louis his X mark Quere

Michael his X mark Brisbois

 

Sworn & subscribed to

before me at Prairie

du Chien this thirtieth

day of April 1834

 

(Signed) J. H. Lockwood

Justice of peace

 

State of Illinois

St Clair County

 

This day appeared before me, the undersigned, a justice of the Peace in and for said county of St Clair, Joseph Pepin, also of said county of St. Clair, who being first duly sworn according to law, deposes says & certifies that Emilie, Laurent, Augustin, and Moria Gunville are the real children of Joseph Gunville and Francoise his wife, both half Indians of the Fox nation and Sac nation – and the said Joseph Pepin certifies this to be the truth, & made his mark of a cross on the written certificate, at Cahokia this seventeenth day of August 1834.

 

Joseph his X mark Pepin

 

In presence of

Narcisse Cornoyer

 

I certify the above certificate to be Joseph Pepin s mark & statement.

 

Cahokia this 17th Aug. 1834.  Narcisse Cornoyer J. P.

 

[Page 73]

 

Superintendy of Ind. Affairs,

St. Louis, Nov. 16,1834

 

Sir,

 

I have recd your letter of the 1st ult. and the affidavits therewith enclosed, in proof of Pierre Jeandron being a half breed of the Fox tribe

 

Taken in connexion with other proof on file in this office, which I presume to refer to the same individual, I should consider the claim of Jeandron to a portion of the land reserved for the half breed Sacs & Foxes, as well established.  But as to the time and mode of dividing the land, or the period when patents will be issued, I am unable to inform you. – And the portion to which each claimant will be entitled will, I apprehend, depend upon the class of individuals recognised as half breeds.  I am of opinion, however, that were those interested, to solicit the attention of Congress to the subject of an early division of the lands, and the appointment of Commrs. for the purpose, it would have a good effect.

 

Respectfully

Yr. ob Svt.

 

(Signed) Wm Clark

 

T. P. Burnett, Esq

P.du Chien

 

[Page 74]

 

Prairie du Chien,

October 1st, 1834.

 

Sir,

 

Inclosed you will receive two affidavits proving that Pierre Jeandron of this place is a half breed Fox.  They are forwarded for the purpose of establishing his right to a share in the half breed reserve at the mouth of the Demoines River.

 

I will thank you for the favor of informing me, when and in what manner the land is to be divided among the claimants, the probable amount that will fall to the share of each, and when it is expected that patents will be issued to those entitled to them.  And also, if any other steps are necessary to be taken on the part of Jeandron to establish his claim, or to attend to the allotment and location of his portion.

 

By communicating this information you will confer a favor on

 

Your most Obt. Servt

(Signed) T. P. Burnett

 

[Page 75]

 

Territory of Michigan

County of Crawford } ssct.

 

Be it remembered that on the 20th day of September 1834, personally came before the undersigned one of the justices of the peace in and for the County aforesaid, Augustin Rock of lawful age, who being duly sworn, deposeth and sayeth;

 

That he has known Pierre Jeandron who is now living at Prairie du Chien in the County aforesaid and is now twenty two years of age or upwards, and a half breed Sac from his infancy, that the reputed father of the said Pierre Jeandron was a Canadian and a white man, and his mother was a full blood Indian of the Fox tribe:  And further the said deponent sayeth not.

 

(Signed) Augustin his X mark Rock

 

Taken subscribed and

sworn to before me the

day and year first above

written

 

(Signed) H. S. Dousman

Justice of the Peace

Co. Crawford T. M

 

Territory of Michigan

County of Crawford } ssct.

 

Be it remembered that on the 20th day of September 1834, personally came before the undersigned one of the Justices of the peace in and for the county aforesaid, Jean Bt. Mayrand of lawful age, who being

 

[Page 76]

 

duly sworn deposeth and sayeth:

 

That he has known Pierre Jeandron who is now living at Prairie du Chien in the County aforesaid, and is now twenty two years of age or upwards, and a half breed Sac, from his infancy, that the reputed father of the said Pierre Jeandron was a Canadian and a white man, and his mother was a full blood Indian of the Fox tribe:  And further the said deponent sayeth not.

 

(signed)  J. Bte Mayrand

 

Taken subscribed and sworn to

before me the day and year

first above written

 

(Signed)  H. L. Dousman

Just. Of the Peace

Co. of Crawford M. T.

 

Territory of Michigan

Crawford County } ssct.

 

 I Joseph Brisbois, Clerk of the County Court of the County of Crawford aforesaid, do hereby certify that H. S. Dousman, whose name appears to the foregoing certificates to the affidavits of Augustin Rock & Jean Bt. Mayrand taken before him, is and was at the time of taking the said affidavits an acting Justice of the peace in & for the County aforesaid duly commissioned and qualified as such, and that full faith and credit ought to be given to all his official acts as such.  In testimony whereof I have caused the seal of the County Court aforesaid to be hereto affixed this 30th day of September 1834

 

(Signed) J. Brisbois, Clerk C C C

 

[Page 77]

 

State of Illinois

St Clair County

 

This day appeared before me, the undersigned, a Justice of the peace in and for said county of St Clair county, Joseph Pepin, also of said county & State, who first being duly sworn according to law, deposes, and says, and certifies that Joseph Gunville was son of J Bte Rupolet Gunville a Frenchman and that his mother was Marie a Sackees or Fox wife of the said J. Bte Rupolet Gunville his father, and the said Joseph Pepin certifies likewise that Francoise Blondeau is of the Fox nation, daughter of Nicolas Blondeau a Frenchman, her mother was Josepht a Fox.  The said Joseph Pepin after being duly sworn, certify this to be the truth, and made his mark of a cross – at CahoKia, this 17th of Augt. 1834.

 

(Signed) Joseph his X mark Pepin

 

Signed, sealed & certified

in presence of

Narcisse Cornoyer

 

I certify the above certificate to be Joseph Pepins mark & statements

 

Cahokia this 17th Augt. 1834

(signed) Narcisse Cornoyer, J. P.

 

[Page 78]

 

This is to certify that Anthoinatte Le Sieur Dezaunier is a clament on the land ceded by Congress to the half breeds of the Sacs and Fox Indians being situated at present in the North East part of the state of Missori.

 

Mr. Patrick Ray and Francis Le Sieur do declare that the said claimant is a half breed Indian whose mother was a Fox Indian and whose Father is a French Canadin and that she is a female of forty years of age.  We the undersigned do solemly swear that the above certificut is a just & true statement of facts in relating to the clame as stated by us.  Given under our hands and seals this fourteenth day of March in the year of our Lord One thousand Eighteen hundred and thirty six. 

 

(Signed Patris his X mark Ray

Fr. Lesieur

 

Sworn to and subscribed

before me A McGaskey

a justice of the Peace within

and for the County of St

Charles State of Missouri

 

Wittness my hand and seal

this 14th day of March Anno Domini 1836

 

(Signed) Archd. McLaskey J. P.

 

State of Missouri

County of St Charles } SS.

 

I Ludwell E. Powell Clerk of the county court within and for the county aforesaid, do certify that Archd. McLaskey is an acting Justice of the peace within and for the county of St Charles, and that full faith and credit is and should be placed on his acts as such.

 

In testimony where of I have here unto set my hand, and affixed the seal of [XXXX] this 17th March 1836.  Signed L. E Powell Clerk Cty [XXXXX]

 

[Page 79]

 

Superintendy of Indian Affairs,

St Louis, March 30th, 1836

 

Sir, - I have just recd your letter of the 19th inst. relative to the claim of Margaret Farrar, a half breed of the Sac & Fox nation to a portion of the land reserved by the treaty of 1824, for the half breeds of those tribes, and adverting to testimony in support of her claim, which was forwarded to the office in 1833.  My own impression is, that this testimony fully establishes the fact of her being a half breed, but whether she will be entitled to a portion of the land, in her own right, having been born since the treaty, or be entitled to the shares of her deceased sisters, are questions I am not able to answer.  Others are placed, as I understand, in situations similar to hers, and before the land is divided, all the preliminary questions as to the persons entitled to shares will, it is presumed, be settled.

 

In a few weeks, a gentleman will be appointed, as I believe, to make division of the land among the claimants, whole duty it will doubtless be made to take such measures previous to a division, as will enable all to prefer their claims, and establish their just rights.  To him will be transferred all the claims filed in this office, connected with this subject, and he no doubt will be required to give public notice of the mode of proceeding to be persued by the claimants, and such information generally as the nature of the case may be thought to demand.

 

Respy yr. ob Svt

Wm Clark

 

B. Mills, Esq.

Galena.

 

[Page 80]

 

KeoKuck May 18, 1833

 

To Gen Wm Clark

 

D Sir,  Some time since I was Married to a Daughter of the late Doctor Muir and immediately after said marriage, a man by the name of Aldridge, obtained a deed from us, for my wifes proportion of [sone] Estate belonging to said Muir—now sir when we signed said deed, we did not understand the matter at tall; as I have not received any value for the same, other than they day after my marriage, we took Dinner at his house, also a few articles of clothing for my wife, the whole was not worth more than fifty dollars.  It is not my wish that the present occupant should be removed.  I should like to pay [even] double the amount, and let the land return to they infant heirs

 

(Signed) Loueza his X mark Muire

Amos Vanorsdall

 

[Page 81]

 

Rock Island Octor 15. 1833

 

Genl W. Clark

Supt In Afs.  Sir

 

Having understood that you are about to order a division of the half Breeds land at the foot of the Des Moines Rapids & having a Daughter among those people, whose mother is a sac woman, I have taken the liberty of addressing you on the subject in order that you may mete out to her, as all others, strict Justice – Her name is Amelia smith, daughter of Win-no-sa- your attention to the foregoing will confer a particular a favor on me.

 

I have the honor to be, Sir

Your Obedt Servt

Nathan Smith

 

State of Missouri

County of St Louis } ss.

 

Before me Daniel Hough a Justice of the peace within and for the county aforesaid, personally came Charles St.Vrain who being of Lawfull age and duly sworn deposeth and saith, that he was well acquainted with an Indian woman named Mearno who was known to this deponent as being a Fox, belonging to the Fox nation of Indians and was a full blood Indian, that he was acquainted with the said Indian woman during the time she lived with Amos Farrar (a white man) when a trader with the Sacs and Fox Indians – The said Farrar had one Daughter by the aforesaid Mearno named Betsy and in existance at the

 

[Page 82]

 

time the aforesaid Indians signed their treaty with the United States on the 4th day of August 1824.

 

Betsy has since died leaving a sister by this same Father and mother, whose name is Margaret borned after the Treaty 1824 and now resides with her step mother (Mrs. Farrar) at Galena in Joe Davis Count, Territory of Michigan

 

Sworn & subscribed to before

me this 21st day of Decemr. 1833

 

David Hough

Justice of the Peace

County Saint Louis

 

Chs. D. St. Vrain

 

Warsaw July 18. 1834

 

Sir

 

I have been requested by Keo Kuck to forward to you the Enclosed Certificates and to inquire if they are in the proper form to enable them to obtain a share in the half breed land  Please answer this as soon as convenient.

 

Yours Respectfully

(signed) M Aldrich

 

Genl W Clark

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

This day personally appears before me a Justice of the peace in & for the State & County aforesaid.  Pa.ship.pa.ho and KeoKuck, two Sac Chiefs, who being duly sworn upon their oaths say that.saw.wis.ca.no-) or in english yellow bird) is the son of a

 

[Page 83]

 

Sac woman called Ne.pa.ko.E.qua – and of a white man named Abbot

 

Subscribed & sworn to

before me this 13. March 1834

 

(signed)

Sam Steele. J. P.

 

Pa.Ship.pa.ho his X mark

Ke. O. Kuck his X mark

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

This day personally appeared before me a justice of the peace in and for said county Pa.ship.pa.ho and Keo Kuck two Sac Chiefs, who being duly sworn upon their oaths say. that Catherine (or Catishe) is the daughter of a Sac woman, called Ke.no.qua and a french man named GoKey

 

Subscribed & sworn to

Before me this 13th of March 1834

 

(signed) Sam Steele. J. P.

 

Pa.ship.pa.ho his X mark

Ke.O.Kuck his X mark

 

State of Illinois

Hancock County

 

This day personally appeared before me a Justice of the peace in and the state and county aforesaid Pashippo a sac Chief, who being by me duly sworn, upon his oath says, that he was well acquainted with a certain sac woman called in Sac tongue Wa.pa.Ko se.qua, that she was married to a certain Frenchman acting as Indn agent in Sac nation, called by the sacks.mo.so.mawpa and that wa.pa.Ko.se.qua, had while she lived with her [XXXXX] husband, Two Daughters, the Eldests named Charlotte

 

[Page 84]

 

and the younger Elazabeth, who died when a child, and further this affient says that Keo.Kuck a sac chief is the son of the aforesaid half breed woman called Charlotte as above

 

Sworn to & subscribed

before me this 13th day

of March A.D. 1834

 

Sam. Steele. J. P.

 

Pa.Ship.pa.ho. his X mark

 

State of Missouri

County of St Louis } ss.

 

Before me a Justice of the peace within and for the county aforesaid personally appears Micheal Bertrand, who being duly sworn, on his oath says that he is personally well acquainted with,  Benjamin Laguthrie of about the age of Thirty five years, that the said Benjamin is a half Breed of the Fox nation of Indians, that affiant Knew the mother of said Benjamin to be a real squaw, or Indian of the said Fox tribe or nation, and that affiant has Known the said Benjamin since his birth.

 

(signed) Micheal his X mark Bertrand

 

Sworn to & Subscribed before

me this 20th day of May A.D. 1836

 

(Signed) P Walsh. J. P.

 

*For bal. of this claim see Pages 88.89 & 90.

 

[Page 85]

 

State of Missouri

County of St Louis }ss

 

Be it remembered that on this Twenty first day of July eighteen hundred and thirty six, before me Patrick Walsh a Justice of the Peace for the county aforesaid, appeared Micheal Bertrand who being duly sworn on his oath says that Angelique Mattabon now resideing in St Clair county and State of Illinois, is one of the half Breeds of the Fox nation or tribe of Indians, that this affiant was acquainted with the Father of said Angelique Mattabon who was a white man named Narcisse Laguthrie a friend of this affiant, a Cannadian and a Trader among the said Fox Tribe or nation of Indians, that this affiant was also acquainted with the reputed mother of the said Angelique Mattabon, that she was an Indian squaw of said Tribe, that this affiant has Known the said Angelique from the time she was about Two years of age, that he has continued to Know and be acquainted with her up to the present time

 

Micheal his X mark Bertrand

 

Sworn to and Subscribed

before me

this 21st day

of July A. D. 1836

 

(Signed)  P. Walsh, Jus. of the Peace

 

[Page 86]

 

Superintendy of Ind. Affs

St. Louis, Feb 8th, 1837.

 

Madam,

 

I have received your letter of the 24th ult. connected with the claims of the children of your late husband, and am unable to add any further information to what is contained in my letter to you of the 24th Nov. 1833, except that since that period Congress has passed an act vesting the lands reserved by the treaty of 1824, absolutely in the half breeds themselves, and that all action over the subject by this office has ceased.  Of the objects of the proposed meeting in March, to which you have referred, I am entirely uninformed.

 

The general impression is, that the land will have to be divided among the Claimants thro’ the instrumentality of the Proper Court of law, which Court will decide all questions growing out of the subject, embracing that of – who really are to be considered as claimants.  Your safer course will perhaps be to consult some good lawyer.

 

All the papers connected with the claims of the three children in question, sent to this office, are still here.

 

Mr. Johnson is in town, and shall be made acquainted, at the earliest opportunity, of your wish to hear from him.

 

With high respect,

Yr. ob. Svt

Wm Clark, S.I.Af

 

Mrs. Sophia Farrar

Galena, Ill

 

[Page 87]

 

Superintendy of Ind. Affs.

St. Louis, May 22, 1837

 

Sir,

 

Your letter of the 15th inst. to Genl. Clark stating you “have purchased a half breed claim from one of those half breed Indians formerly residing on the Mississippi,” and asking for information on some points connected therewith, has been received – and as Genl Clark is from home, I state in reply, that the title to the land reserved by the treaty of 4th August 1824, for the use of the half breeds of the Sacs & Foxes, has been vested in them absolutely by act of Congress, the UStates relinquishing its reversionaly interest thereto in their favor, and authorising them to sell or [devise] the same according to the laws of the State of Missouri.  But as all further action of that office on the subject has, by order, ceased, and as a diversity of opinion on all questions growing out of the title to this land, seems to prevail, I would suggest that a lawyer who has given the proper attention to the subject, will be best able to answer satisfactorily your enquiries.

 

The land as surveyed contains 119,088 27/100 acres.

 

Respectfully

Yr ob Svt

 

George Maguire,

Clerk Office Supt Ind Affs

 

Mr. Jos. A Harrelson

Independence Mo

 

[Page 88]

 

State of Missouri

County of St Louis } ss.

 

Be it remembered that on this twenty fourth day of June Eighteen hundred and thirty six, before me D Hough a Justice of the Peace within and for the County aforesaid, appeared Michael Bertrand, who being duly sworn on his oath says that Benjamin Laguthrie now residing in St Clair County and State of Illinois is one of the half breed of the Fox nation or tribe of Indians – that this affiant has Known and been acquainted with the Father & Mother of the said Benjamin, that the father was a white man, named Narcisse Laguthrie a friend of affiant, a canadian and a trader among the said Fox tribe or nation of Indians, and that the mother of said Benjamin was an Indian Squaw of said Tribe, that this affiant has known the said Benjamin from his birth, that he has continued to know & to be acquainted with him up to the present time, and knows said Benjamin to be truly a half breed of said Fox tribe or nation, as this affiant was at the time of said Benjamin’s birth and for a number of years previous to that time and since a trader with the said Fox tribe or nation

 

(Signed)  Michael his X mark Bertrand

 

Sworn to & subscribed before

me this 24th June 1836

 

(Signed) Daniel Hough J. P.

 

State of Missouri

County of Saint Louis } ss.

 

I, Henry Chouteau, Clerk of the County Court, within and for the County of Saint Louis in the State of Missouri do hereby certify that Daniel Hough esquire whose name is subscribed to the foregoing attestation or certificate of affidavit was at the date thereof and before and after that time a Justice of the peace within and for the County aforesaid duly commissioned and qualified and acting in that capacity and that full faith and credit are due to all his acts as such.

 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court at office in the city of

 

[Page 89]

 

St. Louis, County and State aforesaid this Eighth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand, Eight hundred and thirty seven.

 

(signed)  Henry Chouteau Clerk

 

State of Missouri

County of St Louis} SS.

 

This day personally comes Pierre Gaudin, who being by me duly sworn on his oath says that he was well acquainted with Narcisse La Gutterie a canadian White man the father of Benjamin LaGutterie a half breed of the Fox or Sac tribe of Indians & also Knew well the mother of said Benjamin Lagutterie & knows she was a full blooded Indian Woman of the Fox or Sac tribe of Indians but I do not know of which tribe she was, as the two tribes lived promiscuously together.  Affiant knew the said Narcisse LaGutterie & the said Sac or Fox woman when they lived together as man and wife, before the birth of said Benjamin LaGutterie & also knew them afterwards & knows said Benjamin Lagutterie to be the child of the said Narcisse LaGutterie & the said Sac or Fox woman & has known said Benjamin from the time of his birth to the present time & knows him yet, & he is the same Benjamin La Gutterie who now resides in Cahokia, St Clair county, Illinois & has resided there for several years past & knows him to be a full half breed Indian of the Sac or Fox tribe - 

 

(Signed) Pierre his X mark Gaudin

 

Sworn to and subscribed before

me this 5th day of June A.D. 1837

 

(Signed)  JWWalsh Justice

 

Witnesses present

 

Signed Henry Mchee

Peter A Walsh

 

State of Missouri

County of Saint Louis} ss

 

I. Henry Chouteau clerk of the County Court for the County of Saint Louis in the State of Missouri, do hereby certify that Joseph W Walsh Esquire whose name is subscribed to the foregoing certificate or attestation of affidavit was at the time of his signing the same and now is a Justice of the Peace within and for the County

 

[Page 90]

 

aforesaid duly commissioned and qualified and acting in that capacity and that full faith and, credit are due to all his acts as such.

 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of the said Court at office in the County aforesaid this Eighth day of June in the year of our Lord One thousand, Eight hundred and thirty seven.

 

Henry Chouteau, Clerk

 

State of Missouri

County of St Louis} SS.

 

This day personally comes Antoine Chenie’, before me, a Justice of the peace, in and for said County, who being by me duly sworn, on his oath says, that he is well acquainted with Benjamin Lagotherie, who now resides at Independence in Jackson County, State of Missouri, & has known him ever since his childhood, he is the son of Victor Lagoterie, a canadian White man, by Montagoqua, an Indian Woman, of the Ojibeway, (Chippeway) tribe of Indians, called by the French (Sauteux) she the said Montagoqua was born at the bay “des noc” in the Michilimocinae Lake (or Lake Michigan) & was raised at little Detroit -.  The said Benjamin, the son of Victor Lagoterie was born and raised at the Mouth of a creek, about twenty six miles above the mouth of Salt River, called “Lapetite Glaise.”-  There is also another Benjamin Lagoterie (a cousin of the said Benjamin) who is the son of Narcisse Lagoterie, by an Indian Woman, that I knew, & whose mother was of the Sac or Fox tribe.

 

(Signed) Antoine Chenie

 

Sworn to and subscribed before

me this 9th June A.D. 1837.

 

(Signed)  J.W.Walsh Justice

 

State of Missouri

County of Saint Louis} SS

 

I, Henry Chouteau Clerk of the County Court, within and for the County of St Louis in the State of Missouri, Do hereby certify, that Joseph W. Walsh Esquire whose name is subscribed to the

 

[Page 91]

 

foregoing attestation or certificate of affidavit, was at the time of signing the same and now is a Justice of the Peace within and for the County aforesaid, duly commissioned and qualified and acting in that capacity; and that full faith and credit are due to all his acts as such.

 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of said court at office in the County aforesaid this ninth day of June in the Year of our Lord, One thousand, Eight hundred and thirty seven.

 

Henry Chouteau Clerk

 

[Page 92]

 

St. John Jos: Laparche’s four children are named as follows

Archange – 26 or 27 years

Louise – 24 or 25 years

Marie – 22 – dead

Agathe – 20 – dead

 

Their mother, named [Way] Masack-que, a Fox Woman

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item Description

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