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Benjamin and Richard Rush papers

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Unit ID# 223253



My Dear [xxxxx]             [xxxxx]: 25 July 1791


Your letters by Mr [xxxxx], Dr Hoswich and Mr. Reed all came to hand.  All the things you wrote for in each of them shall be [xxxxx] on tuesday morning by Mr. Reed, together with the letters intended to have gone by Mr Wayne.  Mrs Sage found them poked in one of her [xxxxx].  I shall answer [xxxxx] letter by Mr. Reed.


I rejoice to hear that you & all the children enjoy good health.  Richard is perfectly recovered of his boil.  He dined with me this day at Dr. Whits ! and behaved like a little gentleman.


John [xxxxx] is arrived from London to begin his [xxxxx] with me in a few days.  I shall send you his [xxxxx] letter to me I which your name is mentioned, by Mr. Reed.


Mr. Smith returned with his amiable bride from Pottsgrove on Wednesday


[Page 2]


last.  [xxxxx] the height of thier festivity on friday, Mrs Smith received [xxxxx] of her mother being at the point of death in Maryland.  They both set off immediately to see her.  It is expected they will not find her alive.


Betsy Bullock continues to [xxxxx] & with great pain from her cough.


Mrs Bradford went out in a great hurry this evening to Rosehill to see Mrs Bayard.  Mrs Coltsnan is to be her midnight friend.


Mrs. Edwards & her children arrived here on Friday evening from Charleston.

I yesterday [xxxxx]: six large watermelons from Mrs. Hyme.  I divided the worst in our kitchen & [xxxxx], & have distributed the rest thro the neighborhood.  Betsy Bullock has had two of them.  She enjoys them as much as she did your oranges.


[Page 3]


I met my black friends on Monday evening last [xxxxx] to appointment.  We had a pleasant hour together.  I am to meet them tomorrow evening on the [xxxxx] business.  Our prospects brighten & all I hope will end well.


[xxxxx] with love to each of the children – the [xxxxx] [xxxxx] and if named, & all friends at [xxxxx] & Princeton.


I am my Dear Julia yours


The signature was cut off by Mrs Rush to give to some one who applied for an autograph of Dr. Rush


[Page 4]


Mrs Julia Rush


Mrs Stockton’s



[Page 5]


My dear friend


Confiding in your sympathy with the sick, I had taken all the grapes I found in your garden, & distributed them among my patients before I received your letter.  They were received with great gratitude, & had a most agreeable effect upon the disease in several cases.  Your black man was removed to the wigwam.  The white man whom you left at your house has been faithfully attended, and is upon the recovery.  Be assured


[Page 6]


my good friend, that even a dog belonging to Peter Browne should not be neglected by me.  I am sorry to add, that the disease [xxxxx], not only in [xxxxx], but in the northern liberties.  The city is as yet [xxxxx] little infected, on the north side of Spruce street.  The late cool evenings & nights have excited the [xxxxx] in many people.  Take care of yourself, & of all your family.  You were always dear to me, but never


[Page 7]


more so than in the time of adversity in which time I am sure I have your sympathy & prayers.


From your sincere friend

Benj Rush



Sep 8. 1797


[Page 8]


Peter Brown [xxxxx]




[Page 9]


My dearest Julia  [xxxxx] Sep 6. 1798


I have read [xxxxx] [xxxxx] letters with attention.  From the history he has given of himself, I am more disposed than ever to rejoice in the issue of Emily’s engagement to him.  Defections from morality are often repented of, and profligate young men now and then make excellent and serious members of society, but defections from just principles, are seldom followed by repentance, and generally continue to exert their influence thr’o life.  I should [xxxxx] expect habits of [xxxxx] [xxxxx] in a man, that had spent 3 years in the cells of the [xxxxx] jail, than in a man who had spent 3 years in the abominable society of the disciples


[Page 10]


of godwin in London.  His principles leave a foul and [xxxxx] [xxxxx] upon the mind.  I am struck at the cold manner in which he recites the detail of his vicious opinions and [xxxxx].  Nothing like remorse appears in his letter.  So [xxxxx] [xxxxx] it, he seems to triumph in a retrospect of his conduct by deriving from it what he calls a “knowledge of human nature”.  I am decidedly against a renewal of the correspondence proposed, and wish this letter to be preserved (if it should take place) as a testimony of my hearty disapprobation of it.


[xxxxx]: letter discovers the same obliquity of understanding, that I have constantly remarked in all his former letters.  I quit this disagreable subject for the [xxxxx] one of the yellow fever.


[Page 11]


The papers will inform you of the increase of deaths in our city.  In the midst of this great mortality we have fresh reason to be thankful.  On Sunday morning [xxxxx] was [xxxxx] with the fever at his own house.  One bleeding, two doses of [xxxxx], and two sweats have placed him on his feet.  He is now well, and expects in a day or [xxxxx] to [xxxxx] his services to one as [xxxxx].  The rest of the family continue in good health.


I paid a short visit this afternoon to Bishop Whits; accompanied by Richard & Sam.  Our little boy behaved to a charm.  The young ladies were delighted with him.


I have laid aside my pen [xxxxx] [xxxxx] [xxxxx] in order to obey a call in our neighborhood to Mr Bafo and his apprentice, who have brought the fever with them from town.


Mr [xxxxx] prince is I hope in a safe way, so is our Billy’s sweetheart a


[Page 12]


mulatto girl whom I visited at his request in Spruce street.


Septem 7th


My excursion to the city this morning more distressing than usual.  I found my friend Dr Griffitts dejected, and unable to go out.  He had just buried his housekeeper an excellent woman whom he respected & treated like a sister.  Mr [xxxxx] [xxxxx] died last night.  He was attended by a french Physician.  Richd’s friend Mr Ken died yesterday at the Dispensary.  Poor fellow! he had not a friend in the city but Dr Griffitts.  I saw him once, & offered him money.  He declined accepting it, and said Dr Griffitts supplied all his wants.


Whjle I was in the city I received a note from the Committee of health requesting me to visit the city hospital once a day as consulting physician.  I readily complied with the request.  It will excuse me from taking any more poor people in the city under my care.  There is no contagion at the hospital.  Dr Cooper took the disease


[Page 13]


by repeatedly tasting the black matter Discharged from the stomach of dying patients.  no other attendant at the hospital has been sick with the fever.  Dr [xxxxx] is in excellent health.  I can go to the hospital without passing thr’o the town.  The [xxxxx] patients whom I shall now visit in the city & county will be such as will pay for the ware and tare of my carriage, as well as inable me to supply some of those wants in the poor which it has pleased god plentifully to supply in our little family in the country.


Remember a tho’t we both admired in your favorite author Wilberforce.  “Our employments and places of residence should not be of our own choosing” and for this reason we are “not our own” we “are bought with a price”.  My present good


[Page 14]


health, the moderate share of labor to which I am exposed and the returning confidence and good will of the citizens of Philadelphia towards me, all [xxxxx] an obligation (that it would be sinful to visit) to do all the good I can in this day of [xxxxx] and universal distress.  After we have completed some new arrangements in our hospital, I hope to be able to pay you a visit.  Suppose you take a [xxxxx] at us in the [xxxxx]?  In a week or ten days, I hope we shall be able to accommodate you with a private bed in the room now occupied for a kitchen.  We expect in that time to put up a small shed between the brick house & the well that will serve to boil a tea kettle, and cook a [xxxxx] of soup.


[xxxxx] my dearest friend.  With love as usual I am ever yours

Benj Rush


ps: godwin in his system annihilates marriage-public worship –


[Page 15]


the soul, and finally he attempts to annihilate a god.  A mind that has once been the [xxxxx] of such principles, can never be made to receive moral on divine truth, unless it become the subject of a change equal to that which [xxxxx] [xxxxx] at his conversion.


The report of Charlotte’s sickness still keeps visitors at bay.  Surrounded by neighbors, we live in  solitude.  A few nights ago, we were disturbed at 7 o’clock by a knock at our door and a supplication in a feeble female voice for a night’s lodging.  Upon opening the door Betsy called out – Mrs Hawkins, our old neighbor.  We took her in – gave her a supper – a lodging by Betsy’s side on a [xxxxx] – a breakfast the next morning, and afterwards sent her in Billy’s cart to her brother’s at our [xxxxx] [xxxxx].


[Page 16]


Mrs Julia Rush




[Page 17]


Dear sir


Having employed Mr Thomas Jones to [xxxxx] the lands I bought of Dr Alberti in Brush Valley, I have learned with a surprise that the tracts in the names of Charles Alberti, Maria Alberti, [xxxxx] Alberti & Hannah Alberti are a mass of [xxxxx] rock, & of no possible value, and unless Alberti will take them back again I shall request you to permit them to be sold for the taxes when they shall be called for by the commissioners in your county.


I have learned further that an improved tract of 433 which I bought of Alberti is claimed, and occupied by a person who has a prior right to it.  I beg you would inquire if this be the case.  It is situated near the above worthless tracts, and adjoins lands of Daniel Daniel, and Jacob Wink.  It was taken up by two warrants in the names of George F. Alberti, and Charles Alberti on the 31st of Decem 1794 & patented to George F. Alberti on the 17th of June 1795.  No person living on [xxxxx] about [xxxxx] [xxxxx].


In the year 1776 I bought a tract of about 200 acres of B: Ferguson a friend of Alberti’s a few miles from the above tracts, and about four miles from Benj Martins, Mr Jones speaks highly of this tract, but says it is occupied by a man who Mr Martin says has no title, nor right to it, but who means to defend it.  I have to request you would employ a lawyer to eject him, also the intruder upon the improved tract in the name of GF. Alberti if he thinks a suit can legally


[Page 18]


and honestly be maintained against him.  If not, I beg a certificate of his opinion.  The warrant is in the name of B. Ferguson for the 200 acres.


The remaining tracts of land owned by me in the neighborhood amounting to about 2,000 acres [xxxxx] are said to be good quality – but by means [xxxxx] [xxxxx] land.  I will continue to hold them, and will thank you to prevent intrusions upon them, & to inform me of the taxes that are, or shall become due on them.  I enclose you ten dollars to retain a lawyer.  If the business committed to him should become serious, a liberal compensation shall be sent to pay him for his trouble.


For particulars omitted by me relative to the lands in dispute, I refer you to Benj Martin.


If occupants of the two tracts I claim, incline to purchase, I will sell my right to them upon easy terms.


Excuse the trouble I shall give you, and be assured of the respect of your

obliged friend Benj Rush



May 4th 1802


Ps: You will please to excuse my having written to Mr Bonet to inform me of my taxes due in your county.  I did not know at the time I wrote that you continued to reside in Bedford.


[Page 19]


Dr Anderson

at the

Town of Bedford



[Page 20]


Dear [xxxxx]


All my children should know each other.  The [xxxxx] Dr Murduck was educated in my shop, and of course is your younger brother in medicine.  You may safely [xxxxx] and cherish him, for he will do credit to our medical family.  I beg your attention to him. He has talents, knowledge and worth.


[xxxxx] [xxxxx] [xxxxx]


Benj Rush



September 16 1806


[Page 21]


From the celebrated Dr. Rush of Philad. to Dr Potter of Baltimore one of his pupils, [xxxxx] in the Maryland University.



[xxxxx] [xxxxx] 9th Oct. 1831


[Page 22]


Dr Nath Potter



Dr Murduck


[Page 23]


Philadelphia Aug 20th. 1808


My Dear Julia                                                        


The post unfortunately shipped off before I returned from a [xxxxx] excurrsion into the country.  I regret your disappointment this evening in not hearing from me.  I know by experience how to sympathize with you.


William reached home at 5 o’clock in the afternoon with our two excellent domestic friends and servants in fine spirits.


We are all well & the different orbs of the family revolve in their usual order.


Peter Mathews has teased me this morning into the purchase of 12 cords & [xxxxx] of excellent hiccory wood at 6 dollars & ¾ [xxxxx] cord.


William is preparing to introduce the [xxxxx] into their new apartment on Monday.   The [xxxxx] is completely is pared.

August 21st


[xxxxx] all continue through divine goodness to enjoy [xxxxx] [xxxxx].  I have this day heard Dr Green [xxxxx]


[Page 24]


[xxxxx] excellent sermon from these words “ye are not your own, - ye are bought with a price.”  I pray god that I may feel the influence of his [xxxxx] and [xxxxx] explanations and applications of that passage of scripture, as long as I live.


In reading the 47th chapter of Jeremiah this morning I was much struck with the following bold apostrophe.  After describing the desolutions of [xxxxx], he cries out “ O! thou word of the lord, - how long will it be [xxxxx] thou be [xxxxx],? – put up [xxxxx] into thy scabbard, rest – and be still.”  Had this [xxxxx] exclamation been in [xxxxx], or Cicero it would have been made as [xxxxx] to our eyes and ears by quotation as the common “household words’ of [xxxxx].  [xxxxx] to [xxxxx] that the whole world would unite in addressing it to the word of Bonaparte, - for [xxxxx] [xxxxx] much, & justly we may execrate him, his sword is the “sword of the lord.”


[xxxxx]! My beloved Julia. With love to children, & all our friends.


[Page 25]


Aug 22. I enclose you a letter from our Dear Emily  You will please to write to her on Saturday, & I will write to Mary.


[Page 26]


Mrs. Julia Rush

at the [xxxxx] McHunter’s


New Jersey


[Page 27]


Philadelphia March 30th 1810


Dear sir                                             


It will be to no purpose to attempt to cure your Disease while you lead the [xxxxx], disultory life of a member of congress.  Protracted [xxxxx], and sometimes after night, long intervals between meals, and all the [xxxxx] of your mind constantly in a state of tension or [xxxxx], are a powerful counter [xxxxx] to all the remedies that can be prescribed for your Disease.  Your only business should be to take care of your health, and this can only be done in the business and [xxxxx] of private life.


Of the articles of [xxxxx] you have [xxxxx] [xxxxx], found wild and tame, - oysters – soft boiled eggs, – milk – whey, & toasted wheat bread – are all proper for you.  To these you may


[Page 28]


Add weak chocolate (neither very hot, nor cold) and occasionally a little [xxxxx] old wine of any kind, or a little [xxxxx].


Continue to take any kind of medicine that gently moves your bowels.


Drink from a [xxxxx] to half a pint of tar water every day, or if this cannot be easily procured, take five [xxxxx] of tar made into pills with a little [xxxxx] root in powder three times a day.


It will give me great pleasure to contribute further to your releif by my advice, when you pass through Philadelphia on your way to [xxxxx].


From Dr [xxxxx] yours

Very respectfully

Benj Rush


[Page 29]


[xxxxx] Cook Esq.

of the Congress of the

United States


City of Washington 


[Page 30]

Philadelphia Septem 25th:1822


My Dear Julia


Is it possible that my friend & [xxxxx] of six and thirty years standing should [xxxxx] near a [xxxxx] with in 40 miles of me, and not drop me a single line? - Who would have expected it? -  When neglected – When deserted – and [xxxxx] [xxxxx] by friends, by pupils, and by persons, more nearly connected with me, I have always found consolation in [xxxxx] that I [xxxxx] the friendship and affection of my wife.


this [xxxxx] had the mortification

[xxxxx] has referred to the comptroller of [xxxxx] treasury for the particulars of the errors and contradictions in Col: Cap’s letter.  Alas!  Our  [xxxxx] is now considered as the [xxxxx] of Washington.


Instead of receiving half years half pay which I supposed was due to poor John, the accountant of [xxxxx] [xxxxx] writes to Richard that he is still


[Page 31]


(upon a further examination of his [xxxxx]) indebted near 60 dollars to the United States.


[xxxxx] received a letter from William this morning.  He has written for a [xxxxx] [xxxxx] of [xxxxx],and concludes by inviting [xxxxx] & [xxxxx] to visit him.


[xxxxx] makes a good housekeeper and is particularly attentive to her father.


I sincerely deplore [xxxxxx] [xxxxx].  He has a copy of Farmer’s work upon the “[xxxxx]” of the new testament.  I beg of you to borrow it of him, and bring it home with you.  It shall be carefully preserved and returned when I have read it.


[xxxxx]!  all  the family join in love to you & Mary and our friends at [xxxxx].

Sep 26  I have just opened a note containing an invitation to the funeral of an old friend Mrs. Riche.


[Page 32]


Mrs Julia Rush

at Richard Stockton, Esq


New Jersey


[Page 33]


Philadelphia  October 8th : 1812


Dear [xxxxx]


In favor of the opinion I gave you in my last letter of the influence of the [xxxxx] of letters and Religion in [xxxxx] a change from civilization to a savage life, I shall call your attention to the manners of the first letters on hunters as they are called, upon the [xxxxx] of all new states.  They [xxxxx] lose their knowledge of letters & religions, and become as much savages as their Indian neighbors.  With respect to morals they are worse than the Indians, for they retain in their savage state, all the civilized virus they carried with them into the wilderness.  I shall mention a single [xxxxx] from among many that might be [xxxxx] in support of those people losing all knowledge of Religion.  An Episcopal Clergyman many years ago traveling in


[Page 34]


thro a scattered settlement inhabited by them, called at a [xxxxx], and asked for a shelter in it for one night.  In the course of the evening he told the mistress of the hut that he was to preach at a distant place which he named on good friday – “and what Day (said she) is good friday?”  “The day (said the clergymen) upon which our savior died.”  “Aye (said she) and is he dead, - [xxxxx] when did he die.”  “Why [xxxxx] 1700 years ago” said he – “I am surprised to find you ignorant of this great [xxxxx].”  “Why sir (said she) we folk that live in the woods hear no news.”  This woman probably left the civilized & Christian part of our country when a child, or perhaps was born in the wilderness.  Many [xxxxx] [xxxxx] of the total loss of religious knowledge are to be met with in all the men & scattered settlements of our Country.


We are much pleased with your pupil Dr Eddy.  He has no objections to Speculation in medicine, but seems to possess a strong & correct practical mind.

I [xxxxx] Mr Rush to say [xxxxx] thing kind &


[Page 35]


affectionate to Mr Hosack.


Yours – yours – yours.

Benj Rush


[Page 36]


Dr: David Hosack



New York


[Page 37]


Treasury Department Comptroller’s Office

July 16 : 1812




It appears that in two instances the period for the commencement of interest in issuing certificates of funded [xxxxx]; stock of 1812, has not been pointed out in my letter of the 8. [xxxxx].


For subscriptions made between the 1. And 15. June, the whole amount of which was paid on the day of subscribing, or on or before 15. June, the funded certificates are to bear interest from the 8. June.


For subscriptions made between the 1. And 15. June, on which two instalments only were paid on or before the 15. June, and the residue  of the instalments cannot therefore be anticipated, but must be paid on the 15th day of the months of July, August, September, October, November and December, in issuing the funded certificates therefor, the dates for the commencement of interest are to be ascertained agreeably to the examples enclosed to you in my circular letter of the 29. May last, with this exception only that the two instalments paid between the 1. And 15. June, without reference to the dates of payment, are to be considered, and are to be calculated, as having been paid on the 8, June.


I am, very respectfully, your obed. Servant.

Richard Rush.


Benjamin Austin, Esq.


[Page 38]


The United States




Error, to the circuit court

of the United States for the

district of Pennsylvania


case on the [xxxxx] of the U. States


The defendant was sued in the district court under the act of congress of July 24. 1813, for neglecting to take out a license for the use of a still.  He alleged in his defense , that he was not bound to do so, his business being that of a rectifier of spirits, not a distiller.  That they are distinct vocations.  That that a license is not necessary under the act of congress, for the former, although it is for the latter.


The charge of the district Judge to the jury, [xxxxx], in its general hearing, the distinction.  It concluded however with observing, that whether rectification was a part of the process of distillation, was a fact for the jury to decide.  The jury found for the defendant.


A bill of exceptions was taken to charge of the Judge, but the circuit court

[Page 39]


affirmed the decision.  It will be contended in this court, that the judgements of both courts below ought to be reversed, rectification being, under every just intendment of the act of congress, part of the process of distillation.


R. Rush

For the U. States.


[Page 40]


Supreme Court of U.S.

February [xxxxx] 1817


United states




Case on the part of the U. States


[Page 41]


Saturday morning

August 28. 1819


My dear sir


An unusual degree of occupation last evening deprived me of its pleasure, which I much regretted, of going to see you with Mrs Rush.  The same cause will keep me indoors until about two o’clock today, when I hope, in expectation of your still being in London, to give you a call.


In the meantime let me say, that should any accident keep you in


[Page 42]


town tomorrow, how gratified we shall be if Mrs Harden and yourself will dine with us at 5 o’clock.  We can offer you the inducement of Mr Lowndes’s company, who has promised to come to us in a friendly way.  I sincerely hope you will be well enough, and you shall consult at our table all your valetudinarian habits.


With great [xxxxx]

and esteem I am,

dear sir, your

Richard Rush

5.1. Baker St.


Col: Harden


[Page 43]


Richard Rush

U.S. Minister to Eng.


[Page 44]




June 26. 1830


My dear sir,


I have accidentally found the sheets of a single unbound [xxxxx] of the third edition of the [xxxxx] to which I alluded.  Should you throw it into the Journal, please to print from these sheets, adopting the trifling altercations you will see; but of course without noticing them.  It may be conveniently divided into three parts


[Page 45]


by stopping first near the top of page 10, where a bracket is placed in pencil; and again near the top of page 19, where there is a similar mark.

The on [xxxxx] that I mentioned [xxxxx], that the minister swore an oath when he last left Washington, never to come north of the Potomac again; and that the government, to save his


[Page 46]


Excellency from the [xxxxx] and [xxxxx] of breaking his oath, determined to go to Norfolk, rather than lose his services.


Most faithfully

your my dear




Mr [xxxxx]


[Page 47]


Rush, R.

[xxxxx] June 26. 1830.


[Page 48]


Thursday June 13. 1833

corner of [xxxxx] and 8th street.




The event to which I alluded in one of my letters, is I fear, greatly to my disappointment, and contrary to all my wishes and declarations to you on this point at our first interview on the 30th of April, in danger of happening; [xxxxx], the appearance of the work you are [xxxxx] for me in London, before you get it out.  Indeed, it may even be the first edition before our [xxxxx].  It is advertised in a London paper of May the 3rd, as in the [xxxxx] and just ready to come out at that time, as I learn by a letter from England received this morning.


In your letter received this week (the date I cannot give, not having


[Page 49]


it by me at this moment) you say nothing in answer to what I had said about taking out the copy – right.  If any objections to taking it out have occurred to you since your first consent, I beg the favor of you to let me know immediately that I may act in the matter myself.


[xxxxx] respectfully

your [xxxxx] [xxxxx]

Richard Rush


[xxxxx]: Carey, Lea

and company


[Page 50]


Lydenham,  April 23. 1845


My dear sir,


Many thanks for your offer of Mr [xxxxx] book, but at last I have been so lucky as to to get a copy from my friend Mr [xxxxx], who had a spare one.  The funding system document came safely to me at last, also; and many thanks for that.


[xxxxx] give the enclosed a lift onward, and believe.


[xxxxx] ever your

Richard Rush


Mr Dickens


[Page 51]


R Rush

Box # 1



[Page 52]


Lydenham  April 29. 1845


My dear Colonel;


Yesterday, after I had written to you , being in town, and accidentally meeting Mr Lea, I had a conversation with him, which induces me to write you this additional letter, as they tell me it will still be in time for the steamer of the first of May.


I had not seen this before on the subject of the book, and find him very full of it.  He would like exceedingly to bring it out at once, and says that he could, in a week, (although as yet only a few proofs have been struck off.) but that it would interfere with the copy right in England.  But he specially wished me to say, how very glad he would be if Mr Bently, should he be the publisher, would have it out in London on the first of June; which day he particularly named.


They, Lea and Blanchard, will then be fare to bring it out on the third of June.  They say, that to secure the copy right in England, the edition there, must be published first; so that the first of June there, and third here, will make all safe.  I am feasible that this may look like hurrying [xxxxx];


[Page 53]


but the publishers here say, that there can be no difficulty if the London publisher only wills it.  The former repeat , that they could get out such a volume in a week, from the start, if they chose, (not two weeks as I said before;) and they suppose that the London publisher must have more facilities for issuing such a book quickly, than publisher here.  The latter strongly [xxxxx] also, that the recent excitement about the Oregon question, makes it particularly desirable that the book should be out with all practicable speed.  It may not quite have subsided by the first of June, they say; or even if it should, that the interest could be more easily recalled at a day so fresh, than by risking any delay.


I ought to say, in my own excuse for such apparent haste, that never until a few weeks before congress rose in March, did I dream of preparing this manuscript for the press at so early a period as the present; and that since the determination to do so, I have been very busy, or would have written to you in advance, on the subject.  But I know that your friend-


[Page 54]


-liness will excuse the haste; and that, even at this late hour, you will do what you can with [xxxxx], to meet the wishes of the publisher here – with which mine have now become identified.


I am sensible that in what I am saying, I assume that the manuscript will be acceptable to some London publisher; but I am alike conscious that in this I may be wholly mistaken.


Again hoping, that, such as it is, both parts of it will have reached you when the steamer of the first of May gets in, and that the amended paragraphs about Lord [xxxxx] which I sent yesterday will be carefully inserted (much the more as I see he has been obliged to defend himself against Lord [xxxxx] attack,) I remain again, and ever


Sincerely yours,

Richard Rush.


P.S. If, in the copy of the “Introductory Remarks’ sent with the first half of the manuscript, I have, towards the conclusion, used the words “primary and eternal love for his own Land”, (as I believe I have,) please to substitute constant for eternal; which I think will be in better taste.  I have adopted “constant” in the copy here.

[Page 55]




Colonel [xxxxx]


Consul of the United

States, No 1. [xxxxx],




By Royal Mail

Steamer from Boston – 1. May


[Page 56]




Lydenham, near Philadelphia,

January 31. 1850.


My dear Sir,


Under your kind permission, I now be leave to send you the enclosed paper of references to dispatcher, dates [xxxxx] connected with my removal from the French Mission; and also relating to the Poussin dispute, though I had not intended to include the Latter when I first spoke to you.  As I said and repeat, I have no accusation or complaints to make on these accounts against the powers to be, but only to aid in supplying some of the means of getting justice for myself as a public man on public grounds, in case I should be in any way accused by the government.  In that event, I would ask the favor of you to show the enclosed paper to general Cass, and any one else in the Senate at your own good discretion – committing it to your friendly confidence with that view.  I intended to have gone into the subject with general Cass when Lateley in Washington, but failed in several attempts to command opportunities for that purpose owing to his many engagements, and the calls upon my own time in connexion with the Smithsonian Institution.


Hon: Tom R. King.


[Page 57]


He broached it to me once, just before going to dinner one day at Mr Sullivans.


Touching the Poussin dispute, it was only Late on the very day before I left Washington I heard that our government, had sent word not through me, strange as this may seem if true as I was then minister in Paris – but through some other channel, that it wished Poussin to be recalled; and further I heard, that de Tocqueville had declared or intimated in his last note to our government, (which the public have not yet seen, nor have I,) that he told me that France intended to recall Poussin.


Now Mr de Tocqueville never told me any such thing.  He once before the dispute arose did say this much to me, on my alluding to vague rumors I had caught of persons likely to be sent in place of Mr Poussin to Washington – among them the elder Count Montholon, vir, that perhaps there might be a change in that mission.  But far from requesting me to impart this to my government, he said, on the contrary, that it was only to me personally he would say it, that it was too delicate a matter to go


[Page 58]


any farther, and too wholly undecided upon, and expressly cautioned me to consider it only in this light.  This is all that passed.  Frenchmen (even French statesmen,) are sometimes slippery.  None know this better than you, and what Mr de Tocqueville may at length have been saying or writing to our government on such a foundation as the above after the Poussin difficulty was getting hot upon his hands, is hard for me to divine.


Next, as regards our own government: and that it never informed me of its desire that I should ask for Poussin’s recall, let the enclosed paper show.  It sets forth the brief but exact record on this point.


Apologizing for the draft I have ventured to make on your time and friendly feelings on this occasion, and asking my kind compliments to Mrs Ellis and Miss King, I pray you my dear sir to believe in the great consideration and esteem with which


I am yours very faithfully,

Richard Rush.


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My dear sir,

Since my note to you returning my letter with corrections, it has occurred to me that perhaps it might be well to add to the indorsement on it before publication the fact of my being attorney general of the U.S. at the time of invasion as this would serve to explain my being so much with Mr Major Williams.


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Madison on the occasion, which otherwise might seem to require explanation.  I hope my letter as corrected may have [xxxxx] acceptable to you, though I am sensible of its very [xxxxx] appearance when returned from having been so cut up and hack’d while in my hands.  I called a few days ago at your address as given in your last note, hoping for the pleasure of seeing you; but


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my Hackney – man missed the place.  I now drop this line as I may have to leave the city very soon, and remain my dear sir



very faithfully, Richard Rush.







29th January, (56.

335 Co. street - north







































































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