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Hiram Hill family correspondence and diary

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[Page 1]


Salome Shaw

Palmyra Ills April 4, 1861


Ever Dear Sister


I received your letter last week and should have answered before but was waiting to hear from Missouri.  Somtime in [Febryrary] I received a letter from Amelia Butts said she was the wife of Erastus that he was dead and the children were without a home Almera was at work for her victuals and clothes and she wished me to send her some money to carry them to Mass.  I wrote to her immediately told her that I had not the money at that time but requested her to send the children to me and I would see that they were taken care of it would only cost $12 to send them to me.  I also requested her to write the particulars of Erastus sickness and death how long they had lived in Mo etc.  Yesterday I received another letter saying she had not the money to send them to me but if I would send $12 they would come and she would come with them and stay 3 or 4 weeks till the children got acquainted, she says I have a kind friend that will help me to enough to come with the children.  She writes she has a little boy to


[Page 2]


maintain with her labor she had not time to write about her husband  Now can you tell me who Erastus married whether she would be likely to use the money for the children if I should send it.  I cannot bear to think of sister Orinda s children suffering even if I have to give up my trip east I do not think I shall start east till the last of May or 1 of June so that I can have company on the way.  If the children come I shall have to get somebody to keep them while I am gone I wish you would answer this as soon as you get this and tell me whether you would send her money or not as I shall not send till I get word from you.  If you wish to write to them direct to [Morsis] Mills, Jefferson. Co. Mo  Salome M Shaw


Dear Cousin Mary


I thank you for your letter wish I had more time to write you cousin John said I had not answered his letter I answered the next week after I received his.  I think you are improving in writing.  I expect you will be disappointed in your old Aunty when she gets there I am not a fashionist do not wear hoops but, dress very plain look old, and sometimes feel very sad.  I want to see you all very much and hope I shall be permitted to this summer.  I must close for I want to send this to the Office.  Write soon love to all from Aunty


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Salome Shaw

Palmyra Dec 2, 1861


Dear Cousin Mary


I received your letter the 25th which was Thanksgiving in Ill.  It was just such a letter as I like to get from the east only not enough of it.  I wanted to know what your Mother covered her chair with, whether Mrs Alvord and Mrs Stratton still lived there and a great many other things.  I was really sorry to hear your Mother was so poor that she could not afford to have your pictures taken.  Now if I had not been


[Page 4]


there last summer I might get up a subscription for her benefit as it is I know all about it.  I should value the pictures very highly and will send the money to get them taken as soon as I can get it and also for Uncle Claghorn and Aunts cousin Susan and her brothers that is at home.  Clara Whipple is at school at Mt Holyoke and expects to come home in the spring or summer you can ask [Royal] Davidson when and can send the pictures by her if not before.  Almera and Orrillus were at home Thanksgiving they were both well Orrillus weighed 104 lbs. for the first time in his life he weighed over one hundred he is coming home next saturday to go to school this winter Almera is at school at Chesterfield she is studying Physiology Clarks large Grammer Arithmetic she is improving in writing some.  I wonder what kind of a hat and cloak you have got I am glad I made you all a visit last summer for now I can see you all every day when I am all alone can see you stand at the glass ready to go out laughing all over your face, can see your Mother flying around or sitting by the door your Father coming from his work with


[Page 5]


the old greys can see one and another come in for milk.  I shall live on that visit a good while.  Is Mr Philips in Wmsburg yet or has he come to Ill.  I am sorry I could not go to see the cousins Hiram and Elisha give my love to them and tell them if they should come to Ill I should be glad to see them.  Give my love to Uncle Claghorn and family and all the rest of the friends that enquire for me.  Tell your mother she must write me a long letter and tell me all the news she can think of you must write as soon as you receive this Almera and O send love From your Aunt Salome


[Page 6]


Salome Shaw

Palmyra Ills June 30 1862


Dear Sister


I received your letter Saturday June 28 I was glad to hear from you. We have written a great many letters this spring and summer.  Orillus and Almera have both written letters and sent their pictures to Mary and I have written to you to Rosina and directed to Cummington, 2 to Nancy 2 to John and 1 to Sarah and have not received any answers  I fear Mary has not got their pictures as she does not say any thing about it.  I have not received Rosinas or [Arvillas] picture yet.  I have got the picture of my house taken but shall not send it by mail.  I do not think we had better send any more pictures by mail at present. we have such bad luck.


[Note on page margin]

steady boy and I hope will make a good man


[Page 7]


We have been washing to day Almera is knitting now our school is out now and she is at home I do not think I shall send her to Chesterfield till Winter.  We had beans last saturday and Sunday had peas about 2 weeks ago we have had new potatoes about 2 weeks  We are not going to have a much fruit as we had last there was a frost when the trees were in bloom and killed the leaves and the most of the peaches and apples there is a good many cherries they are ripe we have had a good many cherry pies and 2 thimble berry pies we often wish you all had some of our cherries and we had some of your maple sugar.  I wish I could step over and visit you and Rosina this afternoon I often think of the visits we had last summer I wish we could all live near each other.  What is Rosina doing in the factory is she going to be married again.  I was glad to hea


[Note on margin of page]

by the name of Miller – she writes he is good pretty and weighs 2 hundred


[Page 8]


Fordy[XX] was married and had a good wife on Rosina’s account I should like to be there and eat some of your greens you say you did not have any thing good last summer  I think you did and plenty of it  I do not wish any thing better.


I should like to see your new dress at 5 cents per yard how did you make the sleeves.  I have a new dress too at 14 cts per yard but I do not know how to make the sleeves.  I finished a lawn for Almera last week I will send you a scrap of hers and mine but I stop writing to you and write to Mary Give my love to Brother May


Dear Cousin Mary


I wish I could see you instead of writing to you.  I was glad to hear from you and that you are improving in your studies but am sorry you did not get O and Almeras pictures perhaps they did


[Note on margin of page]

Erastus widow is married to a man


Loveto all enquiring friends  S M Shaw


[Page 9]


not direct right they both wrote while I was gone to Waverly when Col Ross was buried he was shot at the Battle at Pittsburg Landing on the Sabbath and lay on the battle field until monday afternoon he lived until Friday.  he was shot through both thighs, and one shoulder, and his face, he talked rational until just before he died.  Joseph Rice and several others from this place were killed in the same battle.  I want you should write me a good long letter and tell me all the news tell what young man brings you a letter because you know Aunty wont be there to see him this year at Independence  I shall want to know what you are doing.  My roses are all gone but one kind popies and larkspur star of Bethlehem – are out in blossom.  Orilus has left Mr Solomons and is bringing wheat at 78 cts per day, he is well he expects to go to driving team to St Louis and back once a week  I do not know how he will like it he is a


[Page 10]


Palmyra Aug 27 1862


Dear Cousin Mary


As Almera is not at home I will try and answer your letter I have not been well for the last eight weeks.  I have the neuralgia so bad that it nearly sets me crazy by spells  I have not had a good nights sleep for a long time do not sit up all day I feel so weak.  It is a year to day since I landed in Ills after my visit to the east.  I should be glad to see you all but do not know when I shall.  Orillus volunteered to go into the army (with my consent) he went to Cardinville was examined by the surgeon pronounced not able for service so he came home and has gone into Mr Chiles store for the present.  


[Page 11]


I do not expect he will stay there long he has not engaged only for a few days  There is great excitement here about the war a great many men have gone from here they intend to make up a regiment from this County they are at Carlinville and will remain there until the regiment is made up.  Orillus and Eugene talk of going down there to morrow to see them as they are acquainted with a good many that have gone there.  Almera has gone to Williamsville Logan County on a visit with the Drs wife she staid with last summer she was a going and wanted Almera to go for company so I let her go she will be gone 3 or 4 weeks I expect.  I want she should go about some and see something of the world she will go through the Capital of Ills to go there Williamsville is about 10 miles north of Springfield.  We have had a few ripe peaches this year I shall not have


[Note on top margin of page]

[XXXXX] neighbors and our friends  Remember tell your Mother to write soon


[Page 12]


more than a bushel in my orchard there is not many peaches about here but in some parts of the county there is plenty.  they are selling now in Carlinville at 1.25 per bushel.  I dried about 2 gallons of blackberries and put up 3 gallons in jugs and buried them in the ground and Eugene sold 1.50 worth we all four of us went out 2 forenoons and gathered about 8 gallons each time.  Apples are scarce here we have a few perhaps a bushel or two.  You wished you could see the picture of my home it is so small it does not look very well it is the largest I could get taken perhaps some one will come along with a larger camera and I shall have it taken larger perhaps  I shall send it this fall if Mr Solomon goes on after goods.  I can send it to [XXXXX] to Cousin Chesters.  How does Aunt


[Note on top margin of page]

Write often and tell me all about you  me to your dear Father and Mother


[Page 13]


Salome Shaw


Rosina get along and Aunt Nancy.  I suppose you never see Aunt Sarah I have written to her but have not heard from her since I came home  How does Uncle Claghorn folks get along in their quiet home.  I was sorry to hear that Ed was so unwell.  I hope he is well by this time.  I feel glad that I was permitted to go there last summer now I can think of you in your own home and how you all look  I often sit down and think of you all just as you all look.  I am glad Uncle John is getting along well I hope he will let rum alone  I wish every drop of the hateful stuff was banished from the earth for it has been the cause of a great part of his trouble and has caused the rest of us a great deal.  Give my love to all enquiring frinds and keep a large share for yourself.

From your Aunt S. M. Shaw


[Page 14]


Palmyra Ills Nov 13 1862


Dear Cousin Mary


I received your kind letter 2 weeks ago but thought I would wait and hear from Almera.  I heard from her this week she [unreadable]  I received a letter from Aunt Cooley to night saying [unreadable] of starting to Ills right away after thanksgiving and [unreadable] be impossible for her to visit any more until she leaves [unreadable] been sick for some time she is at South Deerfield I [unreadable] of you would send those pictures to Northampton to Mr. [XXXvidsons] she would get them.  I do want them very much indeed.  I do not know the route but I guess she will go to Springfield.  My health is pretty good now I am pretty tired to night I have been chaning my cast chamber today and doing various other things it is now nearly 9 oclock but I thought I would write to night for fear something happened so that I could not write.  I was glad to see that you are improving in writing I think you will make a very good say first rate writer  I wish I could see you all to night I should not be too tired to talk.  I suppose you are all looking forward to thanksgiving I should be if I was there but I do not care anything about it now.  Almera is at Chesterfield at school Orillus is at work on a farm but I expect he will come home and go to school next week or the week after Eugene is going to school we have a very good teacher here this winter he is going to teach 6 months


[Page 15]


Your Father wants to know about the war I do not suppose I can tell him anything only what I think.  I think it will be decided by the 1 of March I read letters every week from friends in the army they think Lincolns Emancipation [Proclamation] has done more good than 1,000,000 of men in [unreadable] they think the rebels will be needed at [home] [unreadable] are set [fire].  I hear from the 32 and 122 regiment [unreadable] volunteers every week and sometimes 2 or 3 times a week [unreadable] in Tenn one in Bolivar the other in Trenton they say the [unreadable] come into the camps and beg them to take care of them.  [But enough] about the war as you said you was sick of it.  Almera wrote that she had written to you Orillus has not received a letter from you I have been looking for a letter from Aunt Rosina for some time I hope she is well and all the rest of our frinds  I must close and write a few words to your Mother Remember me to all friend from Aunt Salome M Shaw [XXXXX] Dear Sister I hope you will not think I have become so poor that I cannot afford any better paper Eugene had gone to bed and sleep before I thought of writing I used the last note paper I had in the house I wish you would write often a letter from home is like cold water to a thirsty soul you ask if I do not think the times are hard they do not affect me much very thing is very high here C Cloth is 30 cts per yard Coffee 50 cts per pound and other things in proportion if I knew Aunt Cooley could bring them I would send on for a cloak and some other things.  My Chrisanthemums are in full bloom now.  Mary wrote Chester did not live in Hinsdall now 


[Page 16]


where does he [unreadable] and what is he doing I wish I could see you all I [unreadable] of our sweet home and of our dear Father and Mother [unreadable]  [XXXX] all were to get together Saturday nights I have [unreadable] thought if it had not been for one great curse we should have [unreadable] a family as could have been found (that was [XXXXX]) [ unreadable] family is broken up by death I feel that those that [unreadable] in peace was taken away from this trying time and that if we are faithful we shall meet them again where all will peace and happiness, no more war.


Friday night Well Sister how do you do to night I have baked 5 mince pies ironed and had company to day I have but a few moments to write as the mail goes out at six in the morning.  I have had some things to make me sad they have been moving the stove that dear Fordyce built today have moved it down here because the business is mostly here  Mr Chiles owns it  Our friends are all well here Harriet George and wife was here last week they went to Chesterfield to Carlinville and back here  Harriet bears her trouble very well Clara has a babe about 4 weeks old she is quite well I must close for it is time this was at the Office  Write soon and often Give my love to all enquiring friends  Write all particulars.  I remain your sister in much love  Salome


[Page 17]


Not transcribed.


[Page 18]


Palmyra March 14th 1864


Dear Cousin Mary


I have neglected writing not, because I had forgotten you by no means but I have had the erysipelas in my eyes and head and can only see to write by putting on two pair of spectacles now I am always glad to hear from you and of your improvement in your studies  I hope you will write often to me and let me know all your plans and pleasures.  I have not written a letter since I wrote to you until this morning I wrote one to Foster Davidson of Northampton on business.  There has been a good deal of sickness here this winter and a good many deaths.  [Eliria] Shaws husband is dead also her oldest girl she lives about [10] miles from here she expects to move here soon I do not expect she has a great deal of


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property perhaps 8 or 9 hundred dollars worth she has 8 children.  Times are rather hard here  Flour is 4 dollars per hundred, meal 75 cts per bushel Butter 20 cts per pound Eggs 10 cts per Doz  We have had plenty of fruit all winter have about 3 bushels of apples yet.  I opened a jug of cherries saturday they were nice tasted as fresh as though they just come off of the tree I have opened 3 jugs of peaches this winter they were very nice  I have about 4 gallons of peaches yet and 1 gallon of blackberries.  I wish you would all come out and make me a visit and bring Orson Presby along or else I am afraid you would get homesick we would have fine times eating fruit.  You say you have not seen Aunt Rosina for a long time what is the matter I have been looking for a letter from her this long time do not know why she does not write wish I could hear from her has Aunt Nancy been down to see


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 you this winter I have not received a letter from her since I came home from there nor from Sarah for a long time.  You asked me if I was acquainted with Ward Mitchell I knew him very well Uncle Fordyce and he were well acquainted.  I am glad you have had a good school this winter, our school is out now I do not think Almera or Eugene has learned very much this winter.  Almera is making bead collars now she likes it very much Eugene is cutting wood some and doing nothing some and I work, oversee some, and scold some.  We have worked in the garden a little this spring we have some peas planted some lettuce and raddishes sowed and have set out several trees.  We have had a good deal of snow this winter more than we have had for a good many years we had one very cold spell I had 3 shoats freeze to death a great many


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Salome Shaw



hogs froze to death about here and several calves 3 or 4 months old and a great many chickens I did not think of its being so very cold I did not have to go out much and I have a good warm room papered and a rag carpet on the floor.  I have wished I could get in to your Mothers chest this winter cotton cloth is 40 to 50 cts per yard here Calico 25 cts shoes 2 to 3 dollars per pair  I suppose your Mother has a plenty of cotton cloth to do her two years yet.  I wish I could see you all and have a good visit with you I wish your dear Mother would write me a good long letter I should enjoy reading it very much and we should sometimes deny ourselves for the sake of pleasing others even our enemies and much more our very dear friends.  If you have any new kinds of flowers seed please send me some will you send me some china aster seed if you have them.  Give much love to all friends.  Yours in love S.M.S.


[Page 22]


Salome Shaw

May 1864


Palmyra May 20 1864


Dear Cousin Mary


Good morning, This is a beautiful morning.  I am all alone Almera is at Greenwood Academy, Chesterfield, attending school.  Orrillus at Uncle Whipples at work Eugene about a mile from home at work on a farm at ten dollars per month so you see I am alone.  I should like you and Father and Mother to come and take a walk around the yard this morning the snowballs, lilacs, columbine, myrtle, cinnamon roses are all in bloom, peonies snowdrop May rose will be all out by to morrow or next day.  Next we will look at the trees cherries nearly grown, quite full,  Apples about as large as a gooseberry, quite full, very few on the pear trees, quince in bloom few on it, peaches not one to be found, trees, almost dead, winter killed.  Goosberries large enough for pies I made some yesterday Currants nearly grown bushes loaded bent to the ground.  Now for the garden I could


[Page 23]


not get it ploughed till late so every thing is small lettuce and raddishes large enough to eat we spaded up the bed to sow them.  Potatoes corn and beans melons cucumbers and squashes just coming up a few cabbage plants I set so last night for early use, onions look well, have not sowed any beets or carrots.  I have 13 young chickens 10 hens 3 shoats 2 cows 1 calf.  The cold winter weather this winter has done a great deal of damage it has killed a great many of the peach trees some of my rose bushes to the ground the roots seem to be alive and pretty near all the grape vines around here are dead to the roots.  I have churned this morning and gathered some mustard for greens for dinner I am expecting company a soldier and his wife he is at home on a furlough.  Orillus came home last week intending to enlist if I was willing he should.  I told him he had offered his services once and they would not take him and I had rather he would not go now so he went back and went to work like a good boy.


[Page 24]


Where is Aunt Rosina now I do not see why she does not write I do want to hear from her very much I do not hear from any of them I suppose they have all forgotten they have a sister without father or mother brother or sister uncle or aunt near but I do not forget them although I have many kind friends here I cannot forget those dear brothers and sisters nor that Dear Father and Mother now gone to their long long home.  Have you been up to [Cammington] I should like to be there to go with you.  Who lives in Aunt Rosina s house does she own it yet I wish you would tell me all about it where does Fordyce and [Aurilla] live and what are they doing  You said you wanted my photograph the artist we have here is not a good one he cannot take one that is fit to be seen I sent the picture of my house to the east it is at Nancys I guess I mean to have another taken as soon as I can get a good one that was not a very good one that I sent but it would


[Page 25]


give you some idea how the house looked. 


I think your dresses are very pretty I have bought Almera 2 calico dresses this spring she has taken all the pieces to Chesterfield I went up stairs to see if I couldnt find some pieces to send to you I found a little scrap of one and could not find any of the other.  I had a letter from Almera this week she was well and getting along well.  Do you hear anything about the battle near Richmond Oh it is distressing so many brave men killed homes made desolate so many children fatherless but I suppose it must be so until slavery is done away with God speed the day when this wicked war shall end, when rebels shall be driven from our country when our dear friends shall return home.


I received those flowers and letters sent A,s to her yesterday she will answer soon I presume  Give my love to all enquiring friends and accept a large share yourself


From an Aunt who loves you


[Page 26]


Salome Shaw

Sept 1864


Palmyra Sept [2] 1864


Dear Cousin Mary


Almera has started to Chesterfield this morning.  I feel very lonely without her but I think it is best for her to go.  Well I had written so far and had company Mr and Mrs Chiles have been here all day just gone and it is most time to get supper I will try and write and send this to night or it will not till next teusday  I have been trying to plan to go east this summer but could not and have given it up now I want to see you all very much I mean to go and see you next summer if all turns up right.  Eugene has been sick this summer had the Erysipelas in the face in fact pretty near all over him, his eyes were swelled so that he could not see at all  My health has been pretty good this summer  We are having very warm weather now  We have been having plenty of corn and beans for the last month and plenty of squashes and apples but no potatoes or peaches.  Every thing is high


[Note on margins of page]

Give my love to your Father and Mother and all enquiring friends tell your Mother to write  Hoping and believing this will find you well in body and mind I remain your Aunt Salome

[Page 27]


as it can be and getting higher Cotton Cloth 75 cents per yard Calico 60 flour about 10.00 per barrel – corn meal $1.00 per bushel hams 25 cts per pound and every thing else in proportion what poor folks are to do I do not know especially those that are without any man to work for them.  I am thankful that I have had plenty thus far and hope I shall  How does Aunt Rosina get along this summer and How is your dear Mother I was very sorry to hear that her health was not good this summer  How is Aunt Nancy and Ellen [x]ransford and all the rest I do want to hear from all of you do write soon and forget that I have owed you a letter this long time  I have not been in a writing humor this summer but do write often I am always glad to get letters from you Dear Cousin so do not wait for your Aunt to write.  Almera will answer your letters your letters she thought I had answered the last one till a few days ago she was wondering you did not write I told her she had not answered your last she said she thought I answered it when she was at Chesterfield


[Page 28]


Pittsfield, Mass., Sept 8th 1864


My Dear Mary,


Please accept this album from one who loves you above all others and whose constant thought will be of you.  I leave for New York in the morning and then to New Orleans  As soon as I arrive then I will send you a letter and shall expect a long awnser  Perhaps you will give me an awnser to that question I asked you that night when you were so sleepy.  Do you remember what it was?  I guess you do I should be very happy to receive an awnser to it  Good bye a little while


From your true friend



[Page 29]


Charles Clarke


[Page 30]


New York Sept 10th 1864


Dear Mary


Having a little leisure time I think I can spend it in no better way than by writing a few lines to you.  Next to my Mother you are uppermost in my thoughts.  That is My Savior first, then my Mother & Sister, then Mary.  Perhaps you will say as Hattie said that the boys are all fickle that they call you darling one day and the next desert you for another.  But Mary, as I hope by the help of Jesus, finally to be saved, I love you as I never loved any one before or ever can again.  It may be that sometimes I may have seemed cold to you, but I assure you that I all the time loved you best, and loved you deeply.  Perhaps you will say it is all foolishness


[Page 31]


that we are both too young for such feelings  But I can tell you Mary that the heart never truly loves but once and that the object of its love never can be forgotten.  And wherever I may be in camp or field, languishing in a hospital on a bed of pain, or enjoying the blessing of health, you will be the loadstone which will keep me from vice & temptation, and I shall try hard, so to conduct myself that I may win your love.  May bless and protect you and sheild you from the trials & temptations of this wicked world.  I have been severely tempted & tried since I left home but I trust in God to bring me through all right  I see men around me cursing and drinking, and I do not believe there is a christian man in the whole 45 with me here yet I feel that I am not entirely alone.  I feel that God is watching over me and that he will protect me if I only ask it.


I am pretty homesick to day, here in a strange place surrounded by strangers and wicked men I almost wish myself at home again.  But I take everything for the best and hope for better times  Everything is going just right for me now.  Although


[Page 32]


I shall not be able to get my furlough extended I am perfectly satisfied.  The regt has gone to New Orleans and there are about left here we are to go next Tuesday  It will probably take us about ten days to go.  I expect to be seasick but that wont hurt me any, only clear out my system and give my skin a healthy color I hope before I have been there long to recieve a letter from you and don’t be afraid Mary to write your feelings toward me if you have a little love for me I want to know it - if not ditto. 


Now Mary dont let anyone see this letter  Give my love to your Mother Mr Sanderson & all my friends  And Mary dont forget to pray for me  I shall always pray for you.


Please write soon and direct to

C.C. 31st Mass Vols New Orleans


With much love I remain

your true friend & admirer

Charles H. Clarke


My love to Mother and say the valise goes to New Orleans with me




[Page 33]


Charles Clarke


[Page 34]


Cavalry Depot New Orleans

Oct. 4th 1864


Friend Mary,


I recieved your expected and welcome letter a few days since and was glad to recieve it, although I was dissapointed by its contents.  I had expected a much different letter from that, and when I opened it and read the cold words it contained I was thunder struck.  I could hardly believe my eyes.  You wrote to me as though you had been writing to an entire stranger, who had dared to take a liberty with you.  Bit if you felt as you wrote, I am glad you spoke your mind, for I wished to know how you felt toward me, and the letter I wrote from New York.  If you may


[Page 35]


not regard me with feelings of love, you may perhaps like me as a friend, or respect me as a soldier who has left home & friends, and risked life and health for his country.  I desire your friendship and shall always remember you, and the happy hours we passed together.


With regard to the Album, I intended it as a present independent of the [Philsopine] but if you will not accept it in that light please accept it as a [philleapine] present, and tear out the fly leaf, as a favor to me.  As far as the value is concerned, I had intended making you a p. present of at least equal value.  I am glad you are still trying to live a christian life.  I am of the same mind, and although I am surrounded by temptations on every hand the grace of God supports me and when I try to help myself, he helps me.  I have in my own company a friend to whom I can unbosom my hopes and my trials, & if I feel need of advice, I can go to him and he will advise me.  I often talk with


[Page 36]


him and I think he is a true follower of Christ.  It seems good, among so many wicked men, to find one true to his Savior  Let me have your prayers, dear friend, that I may successfully resist the devil and his temptations.


I expect you are having fine time in W. both in the church and in your worldly pleasures.  I should very much like to be there, but am content to remain here as long as may be necessary.  I have little to do, having no arms to care for and no drilling to do.  I practice on my bugle a little, and write a great deal.  This is the twentieth letter I have written since I left home and I shall have to wait now till I get awnsers to some of them.  I was much surprised when I read in your letter that Miss [Graves] wished me to write to her.  I am willing to oblidge all who care to hear  from me if I can find time to write to them.  I wrote to her last Saturday.  Give my best regards to your mother, and please write again.  from your friend, C.H.Clarke


[Page 37]


Charles Clarke – 1864


[Page 38]


March 1864



Palmyra Oct 9 1864


Dear Cousin Mary


I received your letter the 7th and hasten to answer.  I have been all alone 2 weeks the children at Uncle Whipples.  I did not expect Eugene would stay there but one week when he went down there out he does not come so I suppose Uncle Whipple wants him to help him.  There is a good deal of excitement here now last week Teusday the Provost Marshal and 2 other come to a place about 4 miles from here to get a deserter I believe they were fired upon the Provost Marshal was shot in the arm the bone all shattered to pieces one of the other men was shot in the leg and his horse killed the other one got away safe.  They are camped there tell cousin John it is in Greasy he will know where it is  The next day there was about 100 Soldiers sent there they found out who some of the men were that fired on them so they sent 22 Soldiers after them they went to the house of the one they supposed to be leader found 10 or 12 men


[Note on top margin]

I will get my Picture as soon as I can


[Page 39]


there caught one but not the leader he lives about 1½ miles from here  The Soldiers are on horses their guns strapped on their backs all ready for a battle  I saw between 20 and 30 go through here a little while ago (Sabbath as it is) I have seen as many as 20 go through every day since Wednesday they are searching in all directions for the traitors and I hope they will find them and bring them to justice.  I expect to go by the place where those men were shot tomorrow a Miss Walker and I talk of going to Girard to see a lady that has lately lost her husband he was surgeon in the army he and his wife were dear friends of mine  Thus “Friend after friend departs  Who has not lost a friend, Heaven is gaining and Earth is losing in attractions every day.


Oct 11th  I have been to Girard had a pleasant time saw about a hundred soldiers they went off on the cars Teusday


I am sorry Aunt Rosina has such a time hope she is better now I am very anxious to hear from her


[Page 40]


I am glad to hear you are going to school and improving your time  Sorry to hear your friend O Presby sorry for you and his other friends not sorry for him for he is no doubt with the [ransomed] throng that sing Worthy is Lamb that was slain for us.  O how many there are that we loved here that are now beyond the reach of sickness sorrow pain and death and it will not be long before we shall go to swell that innumerable company and rest from our labors.  I was very glad Cousin John has quit drinking it seems to me if he just knew how it rejoiced the hearts of his friends he would never touch the abominable stuff again  I hope he never will taste it again.  I wish I could see you all I often think of the pleasant hours we spent together that summer I was there.  Tell your mother she must write soon I have 3 letters besides this to write to send off to night so I must close this 


Give my love to Father Mother and friends  May God bless you is the prayer of your Aunt Salome


[Page 41]


Salome Shaw

Oct – 1864


[Page 42]


14 [Hayward] Place

[Boston] July 25/65


My dear young friend,


A long time has elapsed since I have heard a word directly from you or your father and mother and I can assure you I should like very much to know how you all are and how you are prospering these days after the “Cruel war is over” and how you managed to keep your spirits up through so many months and years when the awful Rebellion was making such horrid [ravages] in our dear native Land -  What desolation wicked man has wrought and how slow we at the North are to desire that Justice should be meted out to   


[Page 43]


Traitors and Murderers of the deepest dye – I breathed easier after that demonstration (at Washington, that some sense of Justice was still left.)  The hanging of those four criminals – I hope for the best, though it is hard work sometimes to have much courage, they let off the Rebels so easily when they have forfeited every thing and richly deserve the severest punishment.  I want a good long family letter from yourself and also your father and mother very soon – I presume you have improved in spelling ever so much since I saw you so that you are quite a critic by this time and will be correcting some of my errors [so thickly]


[Page 44]


scattered all through my poor writings – Well I am ready to be corrected and improved on all sides and hope you will all see that you do your best to better my condition in that letter which I shall confidently look for next week sure – I am boarding with my sister and family and find it a very pleasant home – I am engaged in business in the City and it is quite pleasant and profitable – With the kindest regards and best wishes to yourself and family


I am as ever

Your true friend

Joseph [Perham]


[Page 45]


Palmyra Febry 16/67


Dear Cousin Mary


I will try and answer your letter it is quite a task for me to write for I cannot see very well.  I am glad to hear from you although I am not very good at answering.  We have had a very pleasant winter, have not been very cold but one morning making my fire.  We have had quite a snow but it is gone now, and we are having mud, mud.  I had much rather have snow, than mud.  We are having quite a revival here, meetings every night, and most of the time at 11 oclock, and at half past 3. meeting commenced the 10 of January, and is still going on, between 50 and 60 have been hopefully converted, among the rest Almera’s husband he seems very happy.  Seven heads of


[Page 46]


of families and 4 of their wives have obtained hope the other 3 were professors before.  Many that made sport at the commencement of the meeting are now among the anxious some are rejoicing in God.  “What hath God wrought” to Him belongs all the glory. 


You said your father wanted to know the price of provision Flour is $7.00 per hundred  Meal 60 cents per Bush Butter 20 cts per pound potatoes 50 cts per Bushel.  Pork $6.00 per hundred Beef was 10 the last I heard.  Corn is 45 cts per Bushel Chickens 25 cts apiece Eggs 20 cts per Doz.


You say you think of coming out here sometime I should be glad to see you and your intended (I suppose he is) any time but I want you should let me know when you are coming because your old Aunt does not always have the house in order for young


[Page 47]


company.  I think I was at Mr Otis Hills once.  I rather think Mrs Hill is a second cousin of your Uncle Fordyces.


I am glad you have a Piano I am very fond of music  Almera does not get much time to play on the organ.  John wants she should quit her school but he talks of going to Kansas to see about a claim he has there, and I think she will be happier in school while he is gone she will have something to occupy her mind


I sometimes get lonesome here alone but I expect to live alone the rest of my days.  I have a cow and 1 Heifer 10 Hens they constitute my family  My old cat died I suppose in Dec we have not seen her since she was about 10 years old we all thought a great deal of her.


[Page 48]


Salome Shaw

Feb – 25 – 1867

Apr – 2- “


I have had 1 letter from Eugene since he went he likes very well says he will come and see me in the spring he is in his brothers  [Home] in Springfield he cut me wood enough to last me till warm weather  Orillus is at work near Chesterfield he was up when Almera was married I did not pretend to make a wedding Almera was in school till Friday night before she was married but there was 21 ate dinner here and some left before dinner was ready.  Orillus gets $300, per year he likes his place real well.  I mean to go to Mass next summer if I can I want to see you all I wrote to Aunt Rosina last fall, to know if there was a hack run from Hinsdale but I never received an answer.  Every Sister owes me letters but I expect they hate to write as bad as I do so I forgive  Write soon and tell me all the news


Love to all

Yours affectionatly


S M Shaw


[Page 49]


Palmyra Ills. March 12/[69]


Dear Cousin Mary


After so long a time I take up my pen to answer your letter.  I am here alone today Eugene is at school the rest have all started for Kansas.  I had a letter from Allie last night it was mailed at Manchester Mo. they were getting along very well expect to land in Erie, Neosho Co. Kansas, about the last of this month.  They went with 2 wagons and 3 spans of mules.  Orillus mules got lame so he had to take 1 span of John s and hitch to his wagon it was very muddy when they started  Os mules were young and I expect they had to pull too hard when they started.


We have had a very pleasant and warm winter had a cold spell in Dec since


[Page 50]


that it has been warm and of course very muddy.  My health has been much better than it was last winter I have not done any thing out of doors this winter Eugene cuts and brings in my wood feeds and milks my cow brings in most of the water and sometimes helps to wash.  he goes to school studies Arithmetic History U.S. [Pinned] Grammer.  Orillus has been here almost all winter not been doing much, it has been so muddy people could not work.  Orillus will have money enough to enter 80 acres of land in Kansas and have his wagon and mules besides.  I think it was the best thing he could do to go out there and get him a home of his own he intends to take up 160 acres thinks he can make enough to pay for it before it will com in to market.  There is 8 or 9 families going from this place to Kansas as soon as the mud dries up.


[Page 51]


I hated to have them go off but they thought it was best and I guess it was Orillus will come back in the fall if nothing happens to prevent it.  John says if they do not like he will not stay there.


I was sorry to hear of the death of Aunt Claghorn thus it is “Friend after friend departs.”  Remember to Uncle and tell him I sincerely sympathize with him in this the hour of deep sorrow.  Our journey through life is nearly over and we shall soon meet all the dear ones that have gone before.


I should like to see you all but when I shall I do not know at present.  I was glad to hear that you were enjoying yourself so well.  I sincerely hope that it will always be so and I think it will.  I should be glad to hear from you often it is a


[Page 52]


task for me to write and I hope you will write often and let me know how you are getting along.  Give my love to Cousin Henry also your Father and Mother tell them I should like to have them write.  Write soon


Yours in love S M Shaw


Salome Shaw

Rec. Mar. 18

Ans. May. 3-


[Page 53]


Palmyra Ills Nov 28, 1867


Ever Dear Sister


As this was Thanksgiving day I thought I would write to you.  I suppose you are having a real nice time.  I am here alone Orillus has gone to Chesterfield on a visit he has been here ever since I came home he is clerking for Mr Chiles and boards with me he will stay here till the 1st of January perhaps longer, he is a real steady boy belongs to the Division of the Sons of Temperance.  I should love to be with you to day I have been thinking of the time when we all met around our dear Fathers fireside to spend our Thanksgiving together but the dear old fireside is gone and with it our dear Father & Mother


[Notes on margin of page]

Eugene is in Lincoln learning the carriage trimmers trade I have a letter from every 2 or 3 weeks he talks some of coming home this winter  It has been very dry here this summer and fall have only had 2 showers since I came home  Tell Mrs Meekins my dress spots badly I sweat it on the back and even where I laid my hand in my lap.  Give my love to here.  Salome


I remain your affectionate Aunt Salome


[Page 54]


Brother and Sisters and a dear dear Husband and I am left alone to tread the rough and thorny path of life.  I had an invitation to a wedding and supper yesterday at 4 o clock but I did not go the girl was one of my S School scholars and a girl that I loved dearly her name was Lydia Johns she staid with me nights for 3 weeks after dear Fordyce died. 


I did not think when I left Williamsburg that I should not see you again I thought you would surely come up to Cummington I did not go to see Aurilla nor Uncle Pat Thomas nor Mrs Dawes and a great many others that I meant to have seen.  Rhoades was using his horse the most of the time while I was there.


I feel thankful that I was permitted to see all my sisters and my brother I love to think over my visit there and think how you all look.  I think of Mary and Henry sitting side by side, of you sitting sowing in your low rocking chair of Brother


[Page 55]


Morton sitting in the door.  I enjoy thinking it all over time and again.  Now wont you write to me I have not heard a word from one of you since I came home.  I had a letter from Julia Lond about 2 weeks ago she was at Vineland on a visit then.  I must close for I want to write a few lines to Mary.  I have written to John to day and directed to Williamsburg  Please tell him if you see him  Love to Brother May Uncle and Aunt Claghorn and all inquiring friends and a sister share for yourself.  S M Shaw


Dear Cousin Mary


I should love to step in this evening and talk awhile with you and hear you play on your piano.  Almera has not played for me since I came home it hurt her throat to sing.  Almera has a son about 6 weeks old its name is Edward Arthur they call it Eddie it is a very pretty babe and they love it very much.  How is it about that wedding did it come off to day?  How have you spent the day


[Page 56]


I suppose you had turkey and every thing you could think of that was nice  As I was alone I could not eat much so I did not cook much.  Orillus talks as though he had a girl in Chesterfield but I do not think he has.  He sometimes talks as though he should go East next summer then again he talks of renting a farm here.  Almera wrote to you soon after I came home but has not heard from you.  I have had a great deal to do since I came home.  I have had 2 cows to feed and milk untill last saturday I sold a cow and calf for $35.00 I had my fruit to can, pickle, preserve, and dry.  I bought a hog and had that to feed besides house work washing ironing Churning and great many other things.  I had 25 or 30 bushel of peaches.  I often wished you had some of them there.  I belive I had the promise of a couple of photographs and I have been looking for them and still keep looking  Hoping soon to receive a letter with the pictures


[Notes on margin of page]


Please remember me to Henry 


6 o clock

It has just commenced raining it has been pleasant all day


[Page 57]


Palmyra Ills Jan 14/68


Dear Cousin Mary


I received your welcome letter about the 1st of Dec you do not know how glad I was to hear from you and see your face I think your picture is just like you.  I look at it sometimes and almost think it speaks.  I hope to get Henry s soon to go with it.  You ask when I got home, I started the 10 of Sept at 6 oclock in the morn, arrived home the 12 at 6 oclock eve, had a pleasant trip.  I have not been a mile from home since I came home.  I do not think Uncle Whipple done anything


[Note on top of page]


and I will send to you and be very much obliged for your trouble  Tell your mother I should like to have her write.  Give my love to all enquiring friends


Yours with much love write soon

Aunty S


[Page 58]


about settling my business while I was gone have not seen him since I came home.  We are going to have pork and beans for dinner to day wish you would come and dine with us (we have real strong vinegar to put on them).  Orillus boards here yet makes a fire in the morning then I do the feeding and everything else that is to be done.  Almera gets along real well with her babe it is a very sweet babe weighs 15 lb.  Almera will answer your letter as soon as she can get a picture that suits her she has tried 3 times but they did not suit her.  You ask me how I like Henry.  I like him real well there is something about him that reminds me of your Uncle Fordyce and if he makes as

[Note at top of page]

I cannot write very well my arm aches badly


[Page 59]


good a husband you will take more comfort than falls to the share of most girls and I see no reason why he should not.  Was he kind to his Mother and his sister if so he will be kind to you.  I honestly think he would make you a first rate husband.  Give my love to him tell him I am looking for his picture.  What was Mrs James name before she was married she told me she had brothers in Chicago.  I often see men from there and perhaps I might see them.  I was awakened out of sleep last Thursday morn about 1 oclock by the cry of fire  I dressed and went out and found Mr Solomons stove on fire I went to carrying out goods and kept to work till the roof fell in we carried


[Note on top margin]

I should like to have your & the others picture  S.


[Page 60]


Salome Shaw

Jan. [21st] 1868

Feb 11th 1868


out a great many goods but the building and all there was in the cellar was lost there was a tailor shop and Masonic Hall on the second story the Masons lost every thing the Tailor saved the most of his things.  The house and goods were Insured for $6 000.  My house was next but one to the store and the cinders and coals blew on it but there was a little snow on the roof and that saved it.  I have had the neuralgia in my face and arm ever since the fire. 


I wish when you go in to Northampton again you would take Uncle Fordyce picture to Mr Biddle and have him take 2 Don and send them to me and I will send him the money I think likely I shall want 4 Don taken as his friends all want one  I cannot tell how many have spoke for one 


If he prefers you can pay him the money.  I have written nearly 30 letters since I came home


[Page 61]


Aunt Salome

Rec. July 10-1869

Ans. Aug. 5-1869


Palmyra June 30 1869


Dear Cousin Mary


It has been 6 weeks since I received your letter.  I should answer letters sooner than I do, if I did not keep thinking I will answer it tomorrow.  I wish every one would do as Almera does by me sometimes she writes 3 or 4 letters before she gets an answer she knows I do not like to write as well as I used to but love to have letters as well as ever.  I have been very busy this spring and summer I have a good deal to do out of doors attending to my flowers and shrubbery and taking care of my chickens I have had 17 kinds of roses, peonies,


[Page 62]


jonquils, tulips, Columbine, pinks, lilacs, snowballs, violets, flower de luce and various kinds of flowers,  My roses are about gone now, The pinks, and, Marys tears, that Aunt Claghorn sent me are in bloom now, I never look at them without thinking of Aunt, Uncle must be lonely there alone I can truly sympathize with him have often thought I would write to him but put if off from day to day and so do not do, it at all.  I have been cutting carpet rags have just sent to the weaver 24 yards for a room up stairs.


I have canned 3 gallons of currants 5 qts gooseberries 5 qts cherries shall can a good many more cherries they are not very ripe yet.  I have a good many apples, and pears, some quinces, plums, and raspberries, and thimbleberries, and [lawton] blackberries, I am pieceing Orillus a quilt, have all but one star done, want to quilt it next


[Page 63]


fall.  I have quilted Eugene one this spring have not got it bound yet.  I have 56 young chickens, 7 old hens. 1 cow that is all the stock I have.  Our garden is very backward I have had lettuce, raddishes and new potatoes shall have peas the last of this week some of my neighbors have had beans and peas 2 weeks.  It is, and has been, all the spring very wet rains every few days, grass and wheat is very good, corn is poor and very little planted to what there generally is, Farmers look rather down they are afraid they cannot save their wheat and grass it rains so much they commenced harvesting last week it rained yesterday and is raining to day all day.  I tell them I guess we shall all have plenty to eat I am not a bit afraid of starving “God will help those that help themselves”


[Page 64]


you inquire where to direct to Almera Direct to Erie Neosho Co, Kansas  They like out there very well have planted 25 acres of corn 3 of Oats 6 of Hungarin grass set out about [XXXXX] hundred cabbage plants.  I had a letter from Almera last Saturday they were well she said she wondered Cousin Mary did not write to her.  Eugene makes his home here but works out a good deal he tends the garden and will cut my grass as soon as it gets dry enough so that he can.  Thank you for the invitation to come and spend the summer.  I should love to go but cannot conveniently this summer.  I have not been 10 miles from home since I came from the east do not suppose I have rode 20 miles in all since I came home.  Give my love to Cousin Henry your father and mother and all that may inquire.


Your affectionate Aunt



[Page 65]


Palmyra Jan 17th 1870


Dear Aunty


I seat myself this beautifl afternoon to write you a few lines to inform you of the sad news of dear Aunts death she was taken sick week before last on Wednesday night and lived until the next Thursday evening at ½ past 5 she was taken with a Congestion chill in the night which lasted until Thursday evening; she then had the Typhoid


[Page 66]


fever.  She was rational most of the time until the night before she died from that time she seemed to suffer more than during the rest of her sickness she did not say any thing about dying only the first morning she told me she did not believe she was going to live she died saying “Amen” I do not believe she realized how sick she was.  She was buried saturday the same Minister that preached Uncle Fordyces funeral sermon preached hers his Text was in Mathew 18th 27th she was buried in Brown Silk.  You do not know how I do miss her for she has been a mother to me and I always went to her for advice and she was ever ready to help now she is gone what


[Page 67]


shall I do.  It does not seem possible that it can be so Eugene is going to stay with us until Spring.  Orillus is still in Kansas.  I believe I have written all of the particulars if you will please let Uncle John know as I do not know where to direct a letter to him  Give love to all and reserve a share for yourself.  Yours in affliction


Allie Chiles


[Page 68]


Palmyra Dec 7 1863


Dear Sister & Mary


Do not think I have forgotten you because I have so long neglected to write.  I have a great many cares that I cannot enumerate here as I wrote some of them to Sister Rosina.  Almera received a letter from Mary this morning we were glad indeed to hear from you I cannot tell when I received a letter from any one of my sisters this I know that I do not owe any one of you a letter not even you if I am writing to you.  I have felt uncommon sad for sometime I feel as though we may not have the opportunity of writing many more letters to each other we are few in number now compared with what we once were perhaps before another year rolls around we shall be fewer still


[Written on margins of page]

Orillus has never received a letter from you


scattered throughout Illinois and the copperheads are scarce here now Do write and tell me all the news.  I do want to see you very much. Harriet and Flora was here and staid 2 weeks, since they came back Flora seems to have enjoyed her visit east very much says she should like to live there  Harriet says she enjoyed pretty much


Give my love to Brother Morton


[Page 69]


My health is pretty good this winter  Almera is well she is a good girl a member of the Congregationalist Church and I think a Christian.  Orillus is at Uncle Whipples at work, has agreed to work a year for $150.00 he was about sick with a cold the last I heard from him he is steady boy belongs to the Good Templars in Chesterfield and the Sons of Temperance here attends the Sabbath School regular.  I am sorry to say he sometimes smokes cigars  Almera and Eugene both go to school here A does not stay at home much nights she stays at the Dr a good deal Mrs [Van] has buried her little girl this fall and she afraid to stay alone when the Dr is gone.  I am alone to night the children have gone to meeting the Methodists have been holding meetings evenings for 2 weeks  I do not go for I cannot walk it is 1½ miles from here  There has been five conversions since the meeting commenced I think I wish I could go by and get you and go up to Rosina s


[Written on margin of page]


What means it that O P is at your house so much I want to know.  I will send you that Obituary I should like to keep it but send it as you requested  I do pity Uncle Benjamin’s folks give my love to them and tell them they have my sympathy


[Page 70]


and sit awhile with her and talk over old times and then I would tell you what I am doing besides taking care of my family I will tell you we have an aid society here I am Secretary and Treasurer and also head Committee to cut out work we have sent 5 large boxes to the Soldiers fitted with pillows, towels, sheets, pads, quilts, Shirts, drawers, handkerchiefs, socks, lint, bandages, papers and dried fruit the first box we sent held 12 bushels.  We meet every Thursday and sew and knit sometimes in good weather there has been 65 or 70 in attendance.  I have a large class in the S School married ladies and young ladies together  We have a great deal of sickness here this fall but it is very healthy here now.  We had a good deal of snow in Oct and it was a very cold month it has been the coldest fall I ever knew apples froze in Oct on the trees – hundreds of bushels were out and spoiled a great deal of the corn was injured by the frost corn is very high here in consequence it is 50 cts per bushel and hard to get at that

[Written on the top margin]


There are thousands of hearts and homes left desolate as well as mine but that is not any comfort to me I wish that every one else was happy if I am sad  Now do write soon


Give my love to all enquiring friends


From your affec sister and Aunt S. M. S.


[Page 71]


We have had a good deal of trouble with the copperheads lately about 2 weeks ago they sent us word they were going to clean out the town that was friday night they said they would burn the town the next day at 2 oclock about dark we heard there was 100 men camped 1 ½ miles south of here.  The loyal men collected together in the night friday night put out pickets around the town on Saturday we heard there were 200 rebels east 2 miles and west 7 miles there was about 800 camped, those south of town all left Sat and went west, and in the night Sat they came back through town the loyal men halted them 3 pickets one of them Harriets son 2 of them Clara s were the pickets they asked a wagon load of them what their business was they swore and some come up and told these 3 boys to let the wagon go or they would fire on them and burn the town they told them they would when they told them their business their captain ordered them to fire Clara’s second son stepped out and ordered 2 companies on double quick the rebels thought they were coming and they went about 2 miles and left us


[Written on margins of page]


I hope forever.  My house was full of women for 3 nights and 2 days I was not afraid at all.  I could hear the Pickets patrolling the streets all night for 3 nights and heard the fuss it was right by my fence.  There was a company of U S soldiers here about a week but all is still now Claras son had just come on a furlough he has gone back to the army now he is a fine young man  Do not feel any uneasiness about us at all for there are U S Soldiers


[Page 72]


Palmyra Ils Apl 11th 1870 


Mrs A. S. Martan


Dear Madam


Yours of the 31st of last month is Recd and contents noted.  I have not known much about the Business affairs of Mrs S.M. Shaw Dec’d for the last 5 or 6 years.  My own business has occupied all my time and she being a verry modest Lady did not call on me often seeing that I was all the time Engaged.  Only occasionally consulting me about some business transaction.  She Left no will that I can Learn of.  Mr [I. Y.] Chiles has Administered on the Estate  This gives him Power over and Controll of all the personal Estate of Decd, he has no Power over the Real Estate further than to rent it out and pay Taxes on it.  The real Estate consist in [Hanses and Lawn] Lots They are worth some Fifteen Hundred or Two Thousand dollars, I would guess that the notes Hanse hold and other property that she owned at her death would amount to some Three Thousand dollars.  I suppose the connection of Mr Shaw will heir half of the real Estate and Mrs Shaws connection the other half and all the personal Estate.  The Law requires the administrator to make out and file a General Inventory of all the notes and


[Page 73]


and other debts due or owing to the Estate within 3 months from the date of letters of administration and file the same in the office of the County Clerk, when Mr Chiles does this we can Learn what the Estate is worth.  The Household and other property was sold at public auction on the 23rd of Last Month.  The Sale Bill when filed in the County Clerks office will show the amount of property sold.  I think Mr Chiles will do right, but it will do no harm for you to look after your own Interest.  It does not hurt Honest men to watch them, and dishonset ones ought to be watched  In June [next] I will be at the County Clerks office and will look over the paper and write you again.  If the heirs are all of age they can sell and can [XXXXX} their interest in the real Estate or decide and Hold or sell as they may choose   If there is minor heirs Interested in the real Estate the only chance to sell is to sue in the Chancery Court and get a decree to sell  For the last 13 years Mrs Shaw Decd Resided across the street from us we give her the lot on which the Dwelling stands.  All ways found her Kind Courteous and Benevolent, was one of our best neighbors we feel our loss of her deeply and simpathise with you as her sister.  Hope it will be our happy lot to meet her in a Better wourld than this.  Yours Respectfully D. N. Soloman


[Page 74]


Palmyra Ills June 15


Dear Sister


I write in a great hurry to day.  I have been washing and am very tired.  I want you should get dear Fordyce picture copied as I want to put in a grave stone.  I have no eastern money and I wish you would pay for it and I will send you the money soon I want to have it put in a cheap case and I want it taken a little larger than the one you have.  I have got the gravestones they cost forty dollars and he puts the picture in when I get it I wish you would have it done as quick as you can and write me what it costs and I will send the money.  My health is pretty good Mother Shaw lives with me she is getting old I have a little boy with me to help do my chores he has no father or Mother


[Page 75]


I wish could see you all and talk with you about my dear dear husband and about a great many things but I cannot neither have I much time to write for the mail goes out soon.  I have been looking for a letter from you all spring and summer, why do’,nt you answer my letter and Rosina and Nancy and Sarah you all owe me a letter and I wish you would write  Give my love to all and write a long letter soon.


From your afflicted Sister,

Pray for me


The post master thinks he can get an [Eastern] Bill soon.




[Page 76]


Fort Albany Virgina Jan 30th/64


Friend Mary


I seat myself this Saterday afternoon to write you a few lines so that you may know where to write to me.  I have received no answer to the last letter that I wrote you.  I presume it is on the [Iseland]  I left the Island, one week ago last Monday arrived here the folowing Saturday, we had a hard time of it, I dont think that I slept 6 hours in the time it made me feel rather hard, but I stood it first rate, have been well all of the


[Page 77]


time.  I have forgotten whether I wrote you in my first, about my being posted from the boys, James and Jerome have gone in to the 37th Regt. So I am all a lone, I did not know a single soul in the Regt.  But I am not sorry that I am here for I have a very easy time of it.  I have to Drill about 3 hours in a Day, one hour on the big Guns, one hour with the musket, one hour dressparaid,  We have a building large enough to hold 125 men it is full now, they are hard Boys I tell you there is not one in the building but what use profane language it is a hard place for me though I don’t think that I shall ever sware,  It is my Prayer that the Lord will deliver me from temptations we have straw beds to sleep on so it is quite comfortable We have some nice weather here


[Page 78]


it is as warm here as it is in June at home, we have warm mornings and evenings here it would be plesant here if my friends was here, but that cant be neither can I be where thay are.  I do not expect to see them until the three years are up for thay do not give any furloughs here; but I hope that I may return then in safty, and find all my friends alive and well, I should like to be with you and all the rest of the good folks to morrow, and hear Mr Peterson preach one of his good sermons.  But as that is impossible, I shall think of you all I can see you just as plain as though I was thare, and if I could hear you speak I should be satisfied, Mary.  I have not got my Photographs yet.  I have written to Clarks folks to get them, when thay get them I shall write and tell them who to


[Page 79]


give them to, you shall have one.  I cannot think of anything more to write that will interest you so I will close


Give my love to your Father and Mother to Bro Peterson and wife and all the rest of the good people if you please and except a good share for yourselff


From your true and aff friend

O. M. Presbrey


P S Direct to, Co. G. 1st Heavy Artilery

Fort Albany Washington D.C.


[Page 1]


[Ryr Brush] [Aug] 1st 71


Dear [XXXXX] Hill


I am in receipt of your letter.  I will tell you how I am situated  I want to stay at the Brush for the comfort of the baby and Mrs Simpson.  I should not dare to go back into the country much before the first of September – then [we] purpore to spend one night at Manchester N. [U.] – one with my Brother in Vermont – and one or two with my wifes relations – along the Vermont Centreal [RN] – taking our ticket to [Lawrence] by that rout we can make our [XXXX] on [1st] May and reach[Lawrence] Early in September.  It would [afford]


[Page 2]


great enjoyment to see you, and talk with you, and to know more about Arthur and his wife –


I love to think of what you have been to him.  It helps raise our judgment of mankind, to know of such cases – and I have a kind of faith that out of the Darkness light will yet come that shall help brighten many an hour in you lives –


Think of Henry when he was married – and I took him west.  Then when you know tho my family numbers six persons – I think you had rather give me more time on the balannce of that note by letter than [have] such


[Page 3]


an army drop down upon you. – Cant you come to the [Brush] and spend a few days or weeks – I wish you would it would do you good.


[XXXXX] & Mrs [Hill]

Mrs Simpson [XXXXX]



S. N. Simpson


[Page 4]


Minneapolis Minn

Aug 3d 1871


Dear Father & Mother.


We have finally reached the desired spot for which we have been traveling.  We put up at the Nicollet house for a day or two, they had a very severe thunder storm last night when we came up which cooled the air a little, tho’ its very warm this morning, we have got a long on our journey tip top.  I think I’ve been very luckey in not catching cold & we are both feeling as well as persons could after so long & dusty


[Page 5]


a journey, it has been very dry throughout the Country & of course warm and dusty.  we came through some as fine Farming land as I ever saw, better if it can be, than more westerly, and the scenery in the vicinity of Minneapolis on the Miss River is very fine, called on Mr Lyman “one of Minister Lymans sons of N.” who keeps a drug store here. & Mr Tucker, they are going to get us a boarding place this afternoon.  Minneapolis what I’ve seen of it is quite pleasant. the business Blocks are built of stone the color of our Granate and of Yellow Brick


[Page 6]


will write again in a day or two and let you know of our boarding plan &c.


direct simply Minneapolis

Your Son

Arthur [H] Hill.


[Page 7]


Minneapolis Minn

Aug 10th 1871


Dear Father and Mother.


Your kind letter is just received, (written the 7th) was glad to hear you were all well. “and Enjoying yourselves as well as you can I suppose,” with us so far away.  I guess it wont be any harder for you than it is for us. tho’ we are all feeling well, & like the place very much, It is really very pleasant here & I think goes far a head of Kansas, both in Climate and scenery,  Minn is certainly a very pretty place, with its Mississippi


[Page 8]

River running through the plan Minneapolis on one side and St Anthoney on the other, the Falls of St Anthoney & the Fall of Minnehaha are worth going quite a distance to see.


We are having a good sample of Dog Day weather just now, it is very warm & muggy.   The air has been none to braceing yet and I think there will be no danger of that, it agrees with me well, and I can see a great difference in the night air, I have [gained]a little but I wont tell you how much till I get enough to [pay]


I wrote you in my last letter about Dr Budington where we board, he is here


[Page 9]


for his health & remembers you, though he thinks you may not him, they expect for Robinson here this fall to make them a visit.


I think there will be something for me to do here, whenever I feel well enough, I think it will do a good deal for me if I give it a good trial.  People here are very sanquin of it, but say, I must never think of going back this winter.  You see my stomach is treating me well now, & I think the pure braceing air will surely benefit my Lungs & Cough.  Their are more people here than ever was in Florrida put all to gether, and people wonder


[Page 10]


that a person of my Billous temperment ever went to Florida -.  I have had no sign of a chill and have not looked at the [XXXXX] since I left home.  I think the Church & [change] will do Kitty good if I stay shall try & get boarded cheaper furthe out of the City, which I cant do unless I have a team, and I think I can buy one & sell again without much loss, the Papers you need not send we get the Gazette through Mr Tucker people quicker then you can send it


Your Son

Arthur H. Hill


[Page 11]


Minneapolis Minn

Aug 12th 1871


Dear Father & Mother


Arthur has just written to you and taken the letter down street.  I conclude it was some what of a business letter so I am going to sit right down and tell you how we are situated and how we are getting along.  I have had Arthur away from me so much that I know just how you like to hear all about him.


I want you to feel comfortable about one thing and that is about my writing you just the truth in regard to

[Page 12]


Arthurs health. For I will tell you just how he is always. as near as I can judge.  He seems to be doing well now. he gets real hungry at meal time and they don’t trouble him often.  I don’t think he has coughed as much for the past few days.  I suppose the change in his lungs for the better will be gradual as well as his other troubles.  but I think he is getting on first rate.


The weather is delightful here. we seldom see such weather in Massachusetts the air is clear & bracing and I am told that is just so right through the fall & winter. people go out on the snow all winter in slippers &


[Page 13]


cloth shoes without rubbers and never dampen their feet. it is so dry –


We have a pleasant place to board. about a quarter of a mile from the center Arthur generally goes down twice a day. we have a front room up stairs two windows, a large closet and wash room arched off it is quite prettily furnished and seems quite home like  Dr Buddington & wife are real pleasant good hearted people and try to make it pleasant for Arthur.  The Dr has lung trouble, has been very badly off. but is much better now. he of course thinks theres no place like Minnesota


[Page 14]


for sick or well people – I suppose Arthur has written you all about buying a horse. he has been all engaged about it for the past week.  I believe he has about decided upon one that he will buy.  I think it will be a good thing for him to have a horse for it will be a healthy amusement. and he gets uneasy if he isent doing some thing. every one advises him to ride all he can in this fresh clear air.  We have had some pleasant times here  Last night we people here in the house drove down to the Falls of Minnehaha about four miles from here. took our eatable


[Page 15]


and had a good supper down there we were all as hungry as bears and enjoyed it hughly.  the Falls are very beautifu I do wish you could see them for I know you would enjoy it, every one from St Paul and Minneapolis has to visit there before they leave these parts and you meet many strangers there.  they got dinner for five hundred one noon at the hotel


It makes it quite pleasant for us having Mr and Mrs Tucker here.  Mr Tucker is a splendid man.  Arthur likes him ever so much and I am glad for he is a noble man – and a good friend for any young man


[Page 16]


There are ever so many pleasant drives about here I am told, to different Lakes where we find good fishing.  we went down to The Falls of St Anthony one day I enjoyed that so much, they are altogether different from Minnehaha Falls grand and beautiful it was a glorious scene.  I shall remember it a long time. then an other pleasant drive is a little out of the city to “Kings Farm” where are very fine stock, they have eight cows there valued at twenty three thousand dollars for one thing.  I think we shall drive out there soon – There is to be a big fair here


[Page 17]


next month which Arthur is anticipating, they have very fine ones here -  How Horace Greely delivers the address – I expect there will be quite a time.  I don’t think of any more that will interest you.  Write often to us we are always glad to hear.  I take just as good care as I know how of Arthur, and will do all I can to make him well soon I don’t know whether he thinks I do as well as “Father or not. But he seems satisfied –


With much love –

Your daughter





[Page 18]


Monday Morning


Father I have just brought me a Horse & Carage can you send me the money to pay for it I have till the 1st of Sept, or 14 days without interest I have got a good 5 year old Black Horse 5 last March, will weigh ten hundred & a good covered caraige, and the Horse is sound in every way, & a nice driver he makes me think of John.  If you can send me $300 inside of 14 days it will save me $1.50 interest if it is paid in that time I have to pay no interest.  It will be three Dollars if I let it run till Sept 1st


Your Son

A. H. Hill


(we are feeling well)       


[Page 19]


[To Hiram Hill]


Minneapolis Minn

August 17th 1871


Dear Father & Mother.


I will write a few words for I know you want to hear from us very often.


It is a very beautiful day and we have spent it very quietly so far.  this morning we went out to ride, but towards the Lakes. to what they call “The Home” a large house for the accommodation of sick people we found it very pleas-


[Page 20]


ant out there. but decidedly quiet and lonesome, it is a fine place if any one is very sick and wants no noise.  We enjoy the horse very much. we generally drive out in the morning and towards night again. it seems to do Arthur good.  I think he is getting along all right of course there is not much change from day to day. but I can see he is better than when he reached here. seems to be entirely rested now and coughs less and


[Page 21]


eats well. he is taking ale.  You would have thought he had changed some if you had seen him this morning. he cut off his mustache a week or more ago and let his braid grow. and he looked pretty rough.  I recon he got disgusted for he had it all cut off this afternoon. he looks like himself again


Mrs Budington wishes to know if you remember the firm of Shepherd & Henry Hardward Store out in Kansas. nearly opposite the Hotel.  Mr Shepherd is her brother – it is strange


[Page 22]


isent it how we come across people some times – I don’t think of any thing more this morning.  Arthur sends love –


Your aff. Daughter



[Page 23]


[To. Hiram Hill, Williamsburg, Mass.]


Minneapolis Minn

Aug 18th/71


Dear Father & Mother.


Kitty & myself have just returned from a very pleasant ride, around in St Anthoney and the Mills along the River, they have a nice Bridge across the River to St Anthoney, “of the Suspension Bridge Pattern” the River is full of Logs, and it is really curious to see how the men will float them into the different Booms.  Each Log is marked the owners name, and there are a great many owners, so it is quite a job to pick them out as they come down


[Page 24]

We are enjoying ourselves very much with our team.


I get up before Breakfast and take care of him, then after Breakfast we go to ride for an hour or two. And there are splendid drives here, up and down the Mississippi River on Either Side and out to the Lakes and to the Falls also to a fine Stock Farm, owned by Mr King Post Master in Washington, “ I thing he is the City P M,”) at any rate, he has six cows, valued at twenty four thousand dollars, there is but one other so fine a farm for [Gurnsey] Stock in the Union, President Colfax was here two days


[Page 25]


the Nicollet House where I first stopped when I came here is full all the time, It’s a great Place for People with Lung troubles, and there are a great number here, (some three thousand,) tho’ I don’t think you see them so very sick here, as we did in Florida, today the sky is clear, and if it wasn’t for a good cool clear atmosphere it would be warm as with us,  Well after our ride in the morning we just stay in the House till after dinner, then take a nap for an hour or so, then when it gets towards night take another ride .  the Dr keeps a team, & Mr Tucker &


[Page 26]


me go off together, we took our supper in Baskets the other day & went to the Minnehaha falls, and ate our Lunch together, we enjoyed it first rate.  My appetite is good, & my stomach to, and People say if Ill only just stay here long enough there is no doubt, but what Ill come out all right.  I don’t cough now hardly at all and there’s Dr Budington coughs awfully, and says he has coughed so for twenty yrs.  He is a very pleasant man and they have a little boy and girl about Eight & ten.  We have pleasant times takeing care of our teams. together, all it costs me for that is the food (corn & oats


[Page 27]


ground together).  I like my horse first rate, I [declair] I wish you could see us enjoy ourselves, and all through your kindness to me, but if I get well & come home, will make up all the lost time, and I feel sure I’m steadaly improving, Kitty has a pretty severe cold but I think she will be better in a day or two, her appetite is very much better, you know how little she used to eat at Breakfast, and even other meals, Dr B & myself are drinking ale we have an 28 Gall Keg coming to night (cost $3.25 Dr thinks its better than Whiskey it’s a good tonic and fattening.  You know I could


[Page 28]


not drink it at home but now I can drink a glass after Each meal.  I have cut off my mustache and am letting my whiskers all grow.


Kitty sends love, she will write in a day or two I received the tribune & Free press, and have been looking for a letter for the last three days Write when you can


Your Affect Son

Arthur H Hill


[Page 29] 


Minneapolis Minn

Aug 21st 1871


My own Dear Pparents.


It has been cloudy & cold all the morning looking much like rain, so that we have not been to church so I can gladly spare time to write you.  I have been thinking about the past a little, and was telling Kitty, that last Winter seemed more like a dream than a reality, my going to Kansas, then to Florida, all in persuit of one thing, health -.  I can look back six months ago, and see wonderful changes, Oh! Father & Mother you never


[Page 30]


will begin to get your pay for what you have done, but my greatest wish now is to get well, so that we can live together & enjoy each others love & Society while there is time before us. it seems as tho’ I can hardly spend the time to get well here, but I feel sure that I am improving, and that this is the place for me at present.  I wish I could get a little to do, and I think I may in time, another thing I am trying to get boarded cheaper, Even if I go out of town a few miles I woulnot care. Now I have a Horse, I should like to get to some good Farm House, where I ought to get boarded for twelve dollars


[Page 31]


a week, we have nice quarters at Dr Budingtons, nice large front Room, large closet, &c but I feel as tho Kitty would be just as well satisfied and we could get just as good Board a little further out of the City.  I try to save where I can, but my sickness I’m afraid will bankrupt us all if I don’t come home; but as I said before, I am satisfied that this is the place for me till I get built up a little.  my flesh is hardening up & I feel Stronger, and it does not hurt me to clean my Horse twice a day. there is no lameness in my stomach, and my; cough is less and appetite good all the time 


[Page 32]


Mon Morn, Kitty & I have been out to Lake Calhoun, (last night before [Tea) it was very pleasant & the air cool & good.  There was a big fire here last night I judge from the ringing of Bells &c. we could see the Blaze from our window, don’t know yet what it was –


Write often.


Your Son

Arthur H Hill

Kitty sends love


[Page 33]




Minneapolis Minn

August 24th


Dear Father & Mother.


I thought you would want to hear from us again by this time.  we move on in about the same way from day to day.  Arthur is doing real well and is gaining every way. flesh as well as strength.  I try to have him be very careful about getting cold and eating fruit, and think he is.  Mornings we usually ride, and after dinner he takes a nap – then we ride again before or after tea.  he likes his horse more and more


[Page 34]


every day. and takes solid comfort with it.  This morning we went down to the falls of Minnehaha. Enjoyed it ever so much.


We had quite an exciting time here last night. the Doctors horse got untied & got eating the grain till he made him self sick and was a very sick horse until mid night.  we all thought he would die.  the Doctors thought he could not recover but he finaly got relieved and is out of danger now.  the poor beast suffered everything.  it would have been a loss to the Dr if he had died and I feel glad for him – the Dr is a great man to joak, he is


[Page 35]


talking to Arthur all the time for leaving a little in his cups & tumblers do you believe he ever does any such thing.   Arthur says every time, “There that sounds just like Father”


We received Mothers letter was as usual glad to hear. she must have her hands full now there is company there. wish I was there to help her – I hear from Father Lyman & Susie often.  Father has been away nearly two weeks to the Sea Side & it made it very lonely for Susie.


Arthur has become acquainted with a very fine man, about thirty I should judge.  Col  


[Page 36]


Holbrook, he will help him to enjoy him self.  we are going out on the Lake tomorrow morning with he and his wife. he has been here two years for his health and is very much improved thinks there is no place like Minnesota.


I have written all I can think of that will interest you.  Don’t worry about Arthur.  I will always tell you just how he is. and try and help him to get well.  Write when ever you can.  we are always glad to hear.


Your loving daughter

Kitty -


[Page 37]


[Envelope addressed to Mr Hiram Hill

Williamsburg, Mass.


[Page 38]


Minneapolis Minn

Aug 25th 1871


My Dear Father & Mother,


Your kind letter was received last night and I tell you it did me good, not only because I wished to hear how you all were &c, but because I was troubling myself to know how you would feel about my purchase, I know just how it is Father with you, but I feel certain you will be satisfied & if you could see how we Enjoy it & how much good it does us, you would be content.  We ride twice a day & can go & come when we please.  I tell you father I appreciate it, I have got a Horse


[Page 39]


weight ten hundred strong. was five yrs old last March & is sound in Every way, and a very good style Horse. (color almost black) with gray hairs scatterd all over his back & sides, is what they call a messenger stock or blood, he is a good traveler, as good as John, and is a Horse that will always be in the market,  It will be two weeks tomorrow since I bought him, & the man gave me a week to try him in, and he suits me all right, I payed $170, for him, and $200, for a Top Carriage that has been run since last Fall, never was painted, and is a good style as ours, but heavier, & will out[XXXXX]


[Page 40]


it by considerable. leather Top End springs, patent axel.  I gave my note for $300, till the 1st Sept without Interest.  Mr Tucker signing the note with me, and I payed $70. down, then I bough a Harness for $38, a new one, which I am to pay for in sixty days, that’s the whole of that, now I keep my Horse with Dr B’s, all it costs me is just what the Animal Eats. We feed half oats & half corn ground together & it will not cost over $2.00 a week to keep him I had to pay for extending the shed to keep the Carriage in, $5.00  I have been driving as [sharp] a bargain as I could with the Dr’s wife, and by taking a back Room, she has reduced


[Page 41]


the terms to $15, a week. & I think I can take care of the Horse & get our washing done & all for just about what I was paying her for board in the first place, I think you will see that Im trying to live well, but not stravegently, it’s the best I can do on board at present.  I hope I shall gain fast Enough to be home this Fall, for I assure you Id much rather be at Home.  I weigh 126 lbs now.  Kitty was weighed today has gained 3 ½ lbs and my appetite is good all the time & cough but little.  Have not been to [Winona] yet.  I wrote to the Post Master there, & received in reply, that they were nice respectable people don’t much think shall go there, I suppose the check will be here by tomorrow night.


Your son

Art Hill


[Page 42]


had lost all confidence in change of climate &c, but that it had always been my belief that there must be some place where I could regain my strength & health, for I found people every where that had improved at certain places, and I thot this was my place, its not a bilious country nor a dyspepsia, and that is certainly what I require, now the question is, isn’t it best for me to try it. a great many have been improved that have tried it, but the great trouble they say is, that after they begin to improve they go back again, and when they find they cant live East they come back again when it is too late,


[Page 43]


I can have a chance in a Dry Goods Store as clerk, & in that way earn a little something, but it would confine me to close, Especially now when I’m just beginning to gain, there will be chances Enough whenever I’m able to stick to business.  I may find something to do for three or four hours a day.  If I can Ever have my health Father, you will see me at work for a living.  We do so want to have you come out here, Especially if we stay through the winter, and then you can know just how we are situated, and what sort of a place we are in. and it is splendid here now.  If you could just come & let me take you round the place & see what a climate this is


[Page 44]


I think you would say stay by all means. There are winter clothes of mine & Kitties that we shall need & you could bring those out.  I would be willing to sacrifice, if I could, to have you come here & stay a few days, it would not cost more than $150, and it would do you good, & we could have a talk & you would think it best for me to stay


If you could come out now during the fair, Horace Greeley is going to be here & with my Horse I can show you the Country, now don’t say you are to old, for you cant spend money to better advantage than for the benefit of yourself and children, now just start right off, and come for a few days at least, 


[Page 45]


It will be a pleasanter Errand than when you went to Kansas last Winter, and then you can tell Mother all about it. and she will be satisfied to have us stay.  I know that this is something that will strike you as rather new & fresh, but its none the less excuse that you shouldn’t come.  You can send anything under a Hundred lbs out here by freight for $2.50 so Mr Tucker & Lyman say & its best to pack in a barrel, & it wont cost any more to send my sadle, I want to use it, my Horse is a nice Sadle Horse, Now Father can’t you come?


Your Son

Arthur H. Hill


[Page 46]


Minneapolis Minn

Sunday Aug 27th 1871


Dear Father & Mother


Your letter was received yesterday, with check for $300, which I made over directly to pay for the team.


The pleasant weather continues yet. the streets are very dusty. but I suppose it will be strange if we don’t have it unpleasant soon.  We have quite a nice pleasant room, though it is not quite eaquel to the one we first had, but we are entirely satisfied, as it makes our expenses so much less, I reckoned the cost of keeping my Horse, with Dr. and find that $2.00 pr week will cover the cost of keeping


[Page 47]


and leave a little margin, & one washing wont be more than a $1.00 to $1.50 per week, so you see what we were paying for board before will most cover our all expenses, say fourteen times Eighteen $72. per month, we ware willing to give up some of our own little comforts for the sake of the keeping the Horse.  It was my own wish, having the team, “not Kitties, I thought it would be a benifitt to me & I can see that it is. it gives me strength & does not lame me as it used to.  Dr Bs Horse was very sick a few nights ago, he got loose about noon and was eating out of the feed Box, when Dr came home but he thought he had not Eaten much, and drove him to St Paul, twenty miles over & back


[Page 48]


he hitched him under a tree till after Supper and when he went out after it, he found him sick, before ten oclock in the Evening, he was stretched out bloated as tight as a Drum head, and Dr Earens, “who by the way healped me pick out my Horse, through an introduction from Mr Tucker,” was just going to tap him, when he comenced to relieve himself, & got well,  Dr would have taken five Dollars for him quick at one time, I was talking with Dr Smith one of the promenant Dr’s here. about my abcass & what it had led too, (it runs now about the same as usual) and he pronounced it a Fistule or something like that. and I asked him how to cure it, and he says the only sure way is to run a probe up  


[Page 49]


and cut it out, to burn it out with costic but said he,  I would not stop it for any thing if it  were mine, says it might have saved my life, he told me of a Mr Stickney who is here for his health & has the same trouble that I have, and says it has saved his life, he is very much better than he used to be and would not have it healed up for anything, we thought it pretty [tough] at the time I had the first of it when I was so sick, didn’t we? but it may be just what I needed at the time.  I was talking with Dr B and his wife last evening and was speaking of going to Kansas & to Florida for my health and I had not been benifitted, and that you had said home was the best place for any one sick, and that I guessed you


[Page 50]


the Citezens of the place have raised fifteen thousand dollars for a fair ground & will probably buy part of the Ensign property at least that part where the track is now, the Ground is white with Snow now. and it looks as tho’ we might have a Sleigh Ride on Election day. which will be quiet here.  A new Building to Cost one Hundred thousand dollars is to be put up on the Bluffs next Spring for a Divinity College, and the Lady who built the thirty thousand dollar chapel on the Bluffs for Shattuck School is also going to put up an Orphan Asylum.  Kitty had a letter from Sister Gertrude


[Page 51


the other day in answer to one, she wrote her.  I will enclose it, but please don’t show it to anyone but yourselves.


I don’t think of anything more to write but hope it will be so you can send me some funds soon.


Write often to

Your Son



Mr Batchelder as an adopted son, that he legally adopted and the question came of whether I was legally adopted and he says. [given] in a business point of view it ought to be, because of the business transaction, I might have in the future, that I might get in to [law] about & then this thing would come up


[Page 52]


There is another thing that I have always meant to have learned more fully about, I ought to have known more about it before I was married and that is about my adoption, it is a matter that I dislike to speak of as much as you will dislike to have me, but as I have understood you, I was never legally adopted & of course you have had reasons for not doing so.  You won’t please think me guilty of thinking it was from want of affection & love for I know better but the reason that presents itself to me is, that you did not do it while I was young & have not done it


[Page 53]


since, out of regard to my feelings, because of the publicity it would require, isn’t that about the reason? and I have thought that in justice to myself & to my wife it ought to be done now, unless there are obstacles to great standing in the way of doing it. (I presume you know what the course would be, and about how much of a public thing it would be.) if you do not object I should like to have it done, it can be done through an act of the Legislature or in probate court I suppose, but I would like you to write me what you about it & what your feelings are first.  Your Son

Art Hill


[Page 54]


Minneapolis Minn

Aug 29th 1871


Dear Parents.


I received a letter from Dudley Haskell. He has just been east. says Hattie (his wife)  has been unwell for two weeks & is confined to her bed. tho’ she is much better has a friend visiting her from her old home, Dr B received a Box of Fruit from Harrey Edgerton of Leavenworth, a present.  Mr B of course paying the Express, (which was six dollars) and fruit more than half spoilt, two dollars would have bought the whole amount here. So much for having presents and friends, I have been riding


[Page 55]


Horse Back.  I was very much surprised to find I had so easy a riding Horse, I rode down to Col Holbrooks ¾ of a mile & back, without any trouble he will Pace, or Canter as slow as you please, and yet trot in the Carriage, it adds fifty dollars to him in my estimation, being so good under the sadle Col Holbrook came here for his health two years ago, and is very much better tho he has gained only five lbs in all that time. his wife is related to Rev Mr Whitneys wife, a son of the Whitneys of Northampton, I was introduced to him, by the Whitneys when they were here, he was Col of an Indianna Reg. and had Brother in the Reb Army.  Now I wish you


[Page 56]


would send me my Saddle & Bridal, it wont cost any more, (any thing under a Hundred lbs is the same price packed in a barrel send it by Freight to me Care G E Budington, Mr Lyman and Mr Tucker both had things come that way and the cost will not be more than three dollars so they say.  I want my winter overcoat, those lined striped pants my Boots (the light Pair) winter gloves & fur if yours is good, if not keep mine & send Tuppet, just as soon have it.  Send that jackett also to clean my Horse in, and call Father Lymans and get Kitty things she brought most of her things with her, they will weigh much less than a Hundred lbs then, now all of this if you don’t come and bring them your self.  I so


[Page 57]


wish you would come and see how we are situated, and I think you will see it best to do so, but if you think you cant and then isn’t any use talking. then I wish you would send them right on so I can have the Saddle, send a letter at the same time and I will be on the Lookout for them, and if you come yourself send a letter a head and I will meet you at the Depot.  It will pay   Kitty sends love


Your Affect Son

Arthur H Hill


[Page 58]


Minneapolis Minn

Sept 1st 1871


Dear Father & Mother


Your kind letter was received and also the Papers, was surprised to read of the deth of Young Lyman, when we met in N. York last Winter, what do you think a strangar, or even our friends, would have said in regard to the two cases? He was in health and I far from it. but I can see a great change in my health since then & even since I have been here.  Was sorry to hear that Major was behaveing badly but it would be best to sell him for what you can get you know he is registered till


[Page 59]


next Spring the man who has him should pay for that.  Also that the Mocking Bird was getting on so well, for I think a good deal of him, and the little fellow took up my mind & time till I came home from Florida, and on the way home, also,  We are having our usual splendid weather, except a few days ago.  we had a raw chilly day but the Air is just as clear as a Bell, & a cool bracing breeze,  They had a Big Horse Trot here yesterday but did not go, it was an opening of their New fair Grounds, they have a ground Fair here Sept 11th lasting thro’ the week H Greeley will be here then.  We are Enjoying ourselves as usual, and are feeling


[Page 60]


well, I am more satisfied then ever that this is the Climate for me,  Having a team and being able to ride is a great help to me, the weather now is perfect and it will be like this so the folks say, till Winter, they had a little Frost here night before last, there is nothing I think of that’s worth writing about. received a letter from Dudley. says things are as usual that Sands has been to Cal &c  Kitty sends love


Your Affct Son

Arthur H Hill


PS  It costs something to live and travel.  Rail Road Fare $76  Hotel Bills &c, coming out.  $50 for Board here $70 towards my team & Sundry Article like Washing &c.  my Board at the Hotel before I came to Dr B’s was $28, $2.00 a day and two of us)  over


[Page 61]


I shall have to have some money to pay my board & washing. –


[Page 62]


[To Hiram Hill]


Minneapolis Minn

Sept 8th 1871


Dear Father and Mother.


There’s not much to write about but I suppose you would just like to hear how we are, and what we are doing, our routine of duties are about the same day in and day out. viz. about an hours work with my Horse. then a ride of an hour or two, then I rest and read till noon.  afternoon a nap and another ride, when it comes night Im generally tired Enough to sleep well.  It is just before dinner now, we have been to ride, the air was quite cool and very clear,


[Page 63]


and you can imagine it did me good, having no chills to contend with, and being strong enough to enjoy it &c.  We had a very severe thunder storm last night, the lightening struck a Barn at the outskirts of the city.  I see in the Gazette an account of  the fire in W”Burgh, and by this mornings paper here I see that another organ Factory in West field has been burned.


The City is all in a stir about the Fair to be held here next week.  fancy Stock is arriving, and there is a great training of Horses & when I was at Col Kings farms I saw the celebrated Cow “Lady Rosedale,” that


[Page 64]


has traveled in England twice, and has taken over twenty five thousand in Premiums  Each time, she is a splendid cow Eight or ten yrs old weight, 21, to 22 hundred lbs. has not been milked for over two years, the same party have a Bull which weighs twenty-seven hundred,  I had a call from a Son, of Lawyer Delano of N,  he is living at St Cloud, on Rail Road business his Uncle lives in St Paul and is in Super of Rail Road in the State, I believe Samuel Hill of Florence is coming out here this month, and also James Ellsworth, the man who gave me letters here.


I expect to here today or to morrow, from you in Ans-


[Page 65]


to the Letter I wrote you in regard to coming out here, I hope you will think it best.  I know you said, when you come from Florida, that old Trunk and you would not probably take so long a journey again, but Father there are a great many men here that are between Eighty & Ninety that don’t call themselves very old,  Come out this month by all meas.  Kitty sends love to Mother and you. she is feeling very well, as well as myself.


From Your Affct Son

Arthur H Hill


[Page 66]


[To Hiram Hill]


Minneapolis Minn

Sept 10th/ 71


Dear Father and Mother.


Your letter was just received this Sunday noon with twenty dollars enclosed, was glad to hear you were well, but sorry you think I have deceived you in any way in regard to my health, if I have had any cold since Ive been here it was so slight I had forgotten all about it.  I have meant to let you know just how I was, and I think I have so far as I know any thing about it, I have been unwell for the last day or two now, with a


[Page 67]


 Diarrhea, and have been taking medicine which has stopped it, and I am all right today, the medicine has acted just right and left me in good condition, except a little weak. So I am keeping quiet today. We are having almost Fall weather now, and it is pretty cool, I don’t see any thing of my chills yet.  I thought cool weather would bring them out if they were in me.  Mother you need not worry for if it don’t agree with me here, you can first bet we will be glad to come home they told me at the freight office here that it would be fifteen days before the barrel would be here


[Page 68]


we have good things to eat, that is fair things, but they are taking bounders, to make all they can.  Col Holbrook has invited us to his house to stay, he has a good Barn and plenty of Room.  The reson he invited us, was because he is here for his health is a young man and has no more to do than I, and thought it would be pleasant to be together, he has a nice wife and two children, is about thirty yrs old I believe , its about a mile from the Center, if I should leave here I hope the check will come so I can pay three weeks board Bill and Mr Tucker money I borrowed to go to Winnona, that cost me sixteen dollars.

[Page 69]


I hate to ask for money but if I stay here shall have to have it you will see me home on that account,  just as soon as I can think it best.


Your affct Son

Arthur H Hill


Kitty sends love, says, that I write so often, that I don’t give her any chance


Mond Morn –


You may direct care Col Holbrook after this we shall move this week I think


[Page 70]


[Addressed to Hiram Hill, Williamsburg, Mass.]


Minneapolis Minn

Tuesday. Sept 12th 71


My Dear Father & Mother.


Arthur wrote you Sunday. and I am going to take the chance now. he wasent feeling well that day. but he is better now and almost as well as before his little pull down. perhaps not quite as strong – I felt real worried about him for a few days but his trouble is entirely checked and his appetite has returned – I thought I should have to send him home or you come out here for he realy got home sick. he is a great home body.  I have found that out – he was


[Page 71]


so afraid before we came out here that I should be home sick that I laugh at him. for I haven’t had the least touch of it, and I tell him he has –


We pass our time quite pleasantly and I hope profitably.  I think you would enjoy looking in here some days and seeing us. for we have settled down like old married folks.  I take just as good care of Arthur as I know how. and try to have him be careful and prudent. he minds first rate. and is trying hard to get well –


We shall probably go down to Col Holbrooks to board the last of this week it is about a mile out of town. but presume Arthur has written you all


[Page 72] 


the particulars about it –


It was communion last Sunday and I went.  Arthur kept still in the house all day on account of his little trouble. but the minister looks exactly like Arthur.  It seemed as if it surely must be he and when he (the minister) got up to conduct services you can’t imagine what a queer feeling came over me. of course he doesnot look “exactly” like Arthur.  I ought not to have said that. but he resembles him very much – Every one is speaking of it –


If Arthur finds when cold weather comes it does not agree with him. we of course shall start for home. but every one here seems to think it will – there 


[Page 73]


have been so many cases where it has – Time will tell. and then he can decide—


Dr Budington is expecting some friends from Kansas here this evening to stay several weeks –


I can’t think of any thing more to write that will interest you – It is a beautiful day and we have been up to the Fair this morning.  Arthur is reading. sends love to you both. accept a large quantity from me –





[Page 74]


Minneapolis Min

Sunday Sept 17th /71


Dear Father and Mother.


Your letter with check inclosed was received last night.  I was glad to get it, as I wanted the money to pay my board, and to pay the money I borrowed to go to Winona with, and this will just about pay it.  I tell you it does cost to live, and I wish I was earning something.  I hope it will be so I can soon, if it is possible for me to be home that is if it will be as well I shant stay here longer than next month.  you will advise with me as to what is best. as I am now, I could do the writing at the Store in Northampton, that


[Page 75]


is if I can keep as well as I am now I don’t know why it is, but people here say that a person, should stay all winter, and if I could earn something it would be different about my staying, but if I’m going to work I suppose it might just as well be in N as here, they say the air is very cold & dry here in the winter, this continued calling for money, is something I don’t like to be doing, because I know now is the time to make it, not because I think you are not willing to help me when you can.  it will take all the seventy five dollars to pay for my Horses keeping up to date our board up to date, and sixteen dollars that I went to


[Page 76]


Winona with, you cant travel without money, then I ought to pay for my harness, and Bill at the Drug Store for whiskey & medicine which all costs,


Have been to church the pastor, Mr Simpson, people think looks very much like me. even Kitty thinks he does, Mr Lyman of N came yesterday, and Mr Tuckers people and all of us went to the fair. saw Gold Smith [Maiden] make the time of 2.17 ½  Am sorry to hear of the Capt. sickness wish I could be back there again, this Fall, and prehaps I may be able I hope so, we thought we should change our boarding place


[Page 77]


last week, but not having the funds to pay our board thought best of course to waite.  I think we shall change this week if not for more than a month or two, for we don’t get our moneys worth here, and Col Holbrook would like to have us there.  the Bbl will probably be here this week direct letters care Col Holbrook.


Your Son

Arthur H. Hill


[Page 78]


[To: Hiram Hill, Williamsburg, Mass.]


Minneapolis Minn

Sept 19th 1871


Dear Father & Mother.


We have changed our boarding place, from Dr. Budingtons to Col Holbrooks, where we have a much better room and a regular Barn for the Horse, where we used to have at the Dr’s a Barn, something like S. N. Simpson had, the first time I went to Lawrence.  Mr H has a wife and two small children, and his wifes Father & Mother [live with them.]  I pay sixteen dollars here and pay my own feed for the Horse.


I settled up with Dr B. paying him Sixteen dollars up to the time I left for Board. and also sixteen dollars that I went to Winona with, the fixing of the shed to


[Page 79]


store the Carriage in he thought would cost from five to seven dollars, cost $9.57 and he says that it is no value to him. and he did not expect it to be – so I don’t see as I shall get anything out of him for that, but so goes the world, and I rather think he will have to wait my time before its payed as the work is charged to him.  I am learning a little something every day, and I don’t know but I am a good scholar.  I went to the Depot this afternoon for the Bbl but it had not come. its just about time for it now.


I am feeling as well as usual. take my meals regular and my Stomach is up top.  I have a little cough, but


[Page 80]


sleep well, and exercise all I want without getting tired.  we are going after Pigeons to day. Col. H and Fred Lyman & myself


Your Son

Arthur H. Hill


I shall need more money before you can get it here.  I wish I didn’t have to trouble you so often, but cant help it. – Your letter was received yesterday with $20. hope Capt will be better soon.  My [Diarrhea] is entirely well now. and if I did not cough should hardly think of being sick.


[Page 81]


Direct Care Col Wm Holbrook


Minneapolis Minn

September 21st 1871


Dear Father & Mother.


We were very glad to hear from you and hear you were both well.  We are nicely settled in our new boarding place and I think we shall like it very well.  Col Holbrook is a fine man in every way and a good companion for Arthur. he is an invalid with lung trouble. but is much better than he was. but yet not well enough to be in business so he and Arthur spend considerable time together. he has a pleasant wife and two children also his wifes Father & Mother are here, quite a family. you see.  Mrs. 


[Page 82]


Holbrook is a very pleasant lady and tries hard to make it pleasant for us. and to have Arthur make himself at home and tell what he wants.  we have a very pleasant room a large front one with three windows – good ventilation. very cosily furnished with a stove and a large easy chair like the one Father Lyman has.  I presume you remember it.  Arthur takes solid comfort in that chair and says every little while “Well this is comfortable.  we are a mile from the city in a retired situation. right on the end of a street the house has a large open lot in front which reaches to the Miss River so we have a beautiful view     


[Page 83]


of that and the bluffs from all our windows for the river is only a little ways front of the house.


We have had some pretty cold weather.  Arthur wears his short thick coat and overcoat over it when it is cold and gets along very comfortably.  I brough a thick blanket shawl so I don’t go cold. the box has not come yet. Arthur goes down most every day for it.  he will go again this afternoon – he and Col H – have gone out hunting pigeons. they went last week and got three. they have a place they can drive right to and not tramp around much for they are not either of them strong enough to walk miles yet.  The Col


[Page 84]


says they are “two jolly cripples.”  Arthur eats very heartily & his food doesent trouble him unless he is imprudent in eating some thing.  I am not a good judge about his cough. being with him so much. some days he coughs more than others. but I suppose we must not expect him to get cured of that in a minute.  the cold bracing days make him as hungry as a bear and he seems to be stronger and can endure much more than he could when he came here – he is anxious to get back and go to the store. but I think it would be the worst think for him to do. for he gets nerveous so easy and he needs out door exercise.  I tell him he had better give up his time


[Page 85]


entirely for the present to getting well. and when he gets strong work all the more – David Hunt, Seth Hunts son from Bridge St Northampton is out here. he called here last night about nine or a little after but we had retired.  Mrs Holbrook has invited him to take dinner here Sunday. he is a cousin of theirs. he & Fred Lyman have gone up to St Cloud hunting for two days.  Arthur wanted to go with them, but thought it to much for him to do. – Arthur sleeps first rate out here I rub him every night. sometimes with alcohol or some times only water.  Col Holbrooks people are good Christian people that goes a good ways in this world.  There isent the


[Page 86]


least danger that the minister Mr Simpson will get me mixed with his wife because he has no wife, Arthur is safe there. 


I hear from home often – Father has engaged the Gazette for us while we are here so I suppose we will get it regularly after this.  he was afraid if we depended on his sending it from home we should not get it regularly – very kind in him –


We think and speak of you both very often, wish it was so we could be together again hope it will be some time and yet as long as Arthur seems to be improving in every way. we ought to be contented I suppose. but there isent a day passes but what we are thinking of you many times. and wishing we


[Page 87]


could see you. yet every thing is for the best. although it seems hard to think so sometimes doesent it? and yet how much we have to be thankful for –


Write when you can. we are always so glad to hear – I will leave the rest for Arthur to fill up. presume he will have a big story to tell of his hunt.


Ever so much love from



Friday Eve


Arthur got home all right. has eaten a hearty supper and feels tip top.  he shot one black bird!   you would laugh to hear them tell about their trip – Arthur went again for the barrel this afternoon again. hadn’t come


[Page 88]


he says tell Father the man said it might not come for a week or two not to worry he sends love to you both & will write himself next Sunday.


I have been reading over what I have written and am afraid from what I wrote about his cough that you will fear it is worse, but that is not so. it isen’t any worse and better if anything I think – You see I want to try and tell you just how he is. and I honestly do so just as near as I can judge –


This is a long letter. but I know just how interested you are to hear all about us – so wont offer any excuse.  Good night.


Kitty L. H –


[Page 89]


Minneapolis Minn

Sept 26th 1871


Dear Father & Mother


Your letter of 26th is received. was very glad to hear from you. and also for the thirty dollars therein enclosed, the Bbl has come along all right, except the Grapes, which are rather the worse

for old age, but being in a pail they did not hurt anything.  I payed two dollars. Suppose you did not pay anything.  I think I acknowledged the receipt of the twenty doll, I see you have given me some direct questions to answer.  In ans to the first one, I ride Horse Back every morning


[Page 90]


and if it was not for the -------- sore, it would not hurt or tire me much, my horse is fine under the saddle, my cough improves slowly I do not raise but very little, once in a while my Lungs are a little sore. then it hurts me to cough, but it is not very often.  I have not weighed myself for three or four weeks. the last time I weighed had gained three lbs. my appetite is No 1, and my stomach is in good condition. my tounge is just as clean and looks as well as any well mans, I am very much stronger, & I think that I’m getting a plentiful and good supply of Blood. At any rate I can ride Six miles and carry a Gun in the woods for three


[Page 91]


or four hours.  I went up to see Mrs Durrow this morning but the Rent was so high (although it has every convenience) that I told her I should have to give up the idea of taking it. unless I should hear that you were coming, about coming home I am certainly improving slowly and till Dec we shall probably have good weather to improve in, and if I keep improving then comes the hard question to decide, wheather it isn’t best to stay where you are gaining.  I think between you & I we will try it for a Six weeks longer, then we can make up our minds, but [of] my plans I would [stay] very little at Northampton


[Page 92]


or any where else, but I think that by the time you spoke of it may be so I can come home and take a little responsibility in the Store – that’s between us.  Kitty sends love – you remember a certain [foreshadowing] of the future, that you once gave me, I don’t dispute you, understand? but Minnesota climate is good for more things than one – prehaps I’ve said enough, but I will just add, that I know of a great many large familys in this vicinity. –


Your Affct Son

Arthur H Hill


[Page 93]


[To: Hiram Hill

Williamsburg, Mass.]


Minneapolis Minn

Oct 3d 1871


Dear Father & Mother.


I have been looking around and thinking about this thing, (this matter of coming home,) and I say again it is a hard thing to know what is best to do, I am certain that this is a good climate for me and I’ve no desire to try another, but the question is, will it not be an injury to me to come home, speaking in regards my health, in a money point of view, of course we know how that is, it is simply my health now, to be sure we have spent a long time and a good deal of money trying to get well, and


[Page 94]


now as I am begining to improve is it best to run the Risk of going back again for a short or a long time, nothing but my parents and my business will call me home.  I have know doubt it is best for me to stay, and I think it ought to be here for a number of years, the way they talk here it seems to be almost certain destruction to go East, and remain for any length of time, after a person once gets started here, the way to do is to make up my mind, one way or the other, and stick to it, and if I stay here [spendding] must do something or other, and I must have some business here & support me, and last but not least, if I cant be where my parents are I must have them with


[Page 95]


me.  It involves a good deal anyway, perhaps my life if I stop in Northampton, and perhaps if I stay here, the Question is, whether its best to make all these changes, or try it once more at home.


You know [Dr XXXXX] made the remark if I began to improve here then I ought to come home in the Fall and go to Florida, (but by the way it “Florida” seems to be disappearing, that was strange was’nt it?) the Dr here think that perhaps it would not hurt me to go home for a couple of months (and it would not be much more expensive, I think, than staying here,) & in that time if I began to gain as I am now, why then stay, but if not, it would give


[Page 96]


us time, so we could make some settlement with Spaulding and then come out here again, -- I cant see my team without sacrificing much more, than the interest on the money would be till Spring, and in that case would it not be best to put him in good hands for his keeping, till the Spring, and then if I should come back I shall have it all right.  Horses can hardly be given away this time of the year, whatever turns up will be [XXXXX] the best probably.  It will take $200, for me to settle up and get home, by the 1st of Nov.  Enclosed you will find a list of what those expense will be  Your Son


Arthur H. Hill


[Page 97]


1 weeks board Due $16

Washing 1.50

[XXXXX] 1.50

Total 19.00

1 week care Horse 2.00

Total 21.00

for the next three weeks ditto 63.00

Total $84.00

Bill at Lyman Tuckers 18.15

Harness Whip &c 41.50

Total 143.65


[Fair] to N & C You know something what that will be?  so when is the $200, I am afraid its about like my Estimate, when I first started to come here, there is such a thing as being deceived into looking at things in a fular light isn’t there? but figures won’t lie.  Now if you send the funds I will come home and see if I cant line out this difficulty there. it will be much cheaper I have no doubt, as regarded in [a pecuniary] point of view


If my – but pshaw, there is no use talking there are the facts.  If I have to sell my Horse for


[Page 98]


very much less than the interest would be, I shant do it, and therefore I shant realize anything from it at present.


As I said in my last letter I think we may as well run the Risk, for without money & without health it’s a pretty bad fix, and I shall be home by the first of November if you are of the same opinion.


I was weighed yesterday 127 lbs. (I suppose you remember, the man, who calculated what he had made, by his Sons gains in weight! a hundred Dollars to the lb.)  I have not weighed so much since last a year ago last August


Your Affct Son



[Page 99]


Minneapolis Oct 3rd


Dear Father & Mother.


Arthur has gone down street and I thought I could not spend my time better than writing to you.


It is a very beautiful day and I am sitting with my windows all open and it is not uncomfortable in the least. if it were not for the dust it would be perfect weather. but we manage to keep out of that when riding. and we are off from the street so much it don’t trouble us here at all.  We are both first rate and have enormous


[On page margin]

[XXXXX] have a good prospect to be one with proper care – and I think he tries real hard to be careful.  am sure I try to have him be –


Write often

Ever so much love to you both from your loving daughter



[Page 100]

appetites.  Arthur seems to be able to eat every thing and not hurt him and weighs more than he has for over a year.  127 pounds. the air out here makes him hungry all the time. his bowels are in splendid condition. that is worth a great deal I think.


We are waiting quite anxiously to hear from you and hear what you think we had better do about going home.  Father is to be married this month or next.  I of course should enjoy being at the wedding but should not be much disappointed after all if I did not go.  Arthurs health is the first thing with me now and I want to do just what is best for him.


The Holbrooks are very kind to us and make it


[Page 101]


pleasant for us.  Mrs H – and I are going down on the bank of the river this morn after autumn leaves. they are very beautiful now.  I have seen Mr James Elsworth. he called me Miss Lyman in a very cool manner. we had a good laugh. at his expense. it seemed real good to see any one from home. though I am not much acquainted with him.  he intends to be about here until November I believe.


The Tuckers are well and as Kindly as ever. they think Arthur is crazy to think of going back to New England  Young Lyman from Northampton has not got into business yet.  I hope he will do well for he is a smart, good, young man and deserves success I think


[Page 102]


Yesterday we drove over to St Anthony, it is a pretty place but dead. no life or business apparently.  Arthur said it reminded him of towns out in Kansas that he had seen.


Susy writes the house is all torn up putting pipes for the water, and fixing up the house.  I suppose preparing for the bride.  Well I hope she may be happy, probably will be if she dont expect too much of this world.


I dont think of any more to write – our life from day to day is about the same. we are just trying all we can to get Arthur well. and he certainly seems to be gaining steadily although by no means a well man yet. he seems


[Page 103]


Minniapolis Minn

Oct 12th/1871


Dear Father & Mother


We have made up our minds that it will be best for us to stay here this winter, should like very much to come home, but am afraid to Run the Risk.


Have been expecting a letter from you for several days, but prehaps the Chicago fire may have delayed it


People have a wondor to talk about now, for the next seven days, there are a number of People going down to see the Ruins, the Rail Road Co. have reduced the fair to $15,


[Page 104]


for the Round Trip, the fair one way is $22, at other times,


Kitty has a letter from her Father, he is to be married this month, and wants very much for her to be there at the time, but tells her to do nothing that would be injurious to me.  I am feeling very well, and really seem to be fating up. when I weigh 185 lbs will send you my picture.  Hope the funds will come soon, we are going to take the House to the first of April for fifty dollars per month.  I came to the conclusion that it was best for me to decide one way or the other and not be unsettled


Write often


Your affect Son

My wife Sends love)  Arthur H Hill


[Page 105]


 direct Simply to Box 119


Minneapolis Minn

Oct 14th 1871


Dear Father,


Your kind letter of the 9th inst is received, You speak of sending check for $200, which I have not received yet.  It may be oweing to the Chicago fire and I presume that it was Either destroyed, or may be sent along yet, often they get over their confusion.


We are all well and pleasantly situated in our new home 


will write again tomorrow


Your Son

Arthur H Hill


[Page 106]


[Addressed to Hiram Hill, Williamsburg, Mass.]


Minneapolis Minn

Oct 15th 1871


Dear Father & Mother


Your letter was received yesterday. & I wrote you by return mail that I had not recd the Draft  I think it is luckey that you did not send the amt in currency as you some times do. but as it is a Dr’ft their will be know loss, only a little worring on my part.  I was obliged to make a sight dr’ft on MHS& Co, to meet my bills, which, Mr Tucker was kind enough to do.


You may let the Company take care of that, that is charge it to me, I have written to Mr Spaulding so their will be


[Page 107]


nothing for you to do about that,  I wish you could see us this afternoon in our new home, and set down to the table with us, in fact see how we keep house.


We have as neat and as tasty a place I think as there is in M., nice house with Every thing furnished.  Even to Mr Darrows library, pictures and all, and just as nice a Barn as a man  Ever did business in, it is finished off inside and out like a House, and I tell you we enjoy it, because I’m getting better all the time 129 ¼# was the last time I touched the Beam.[XXXXX] so Uncle Otis – well I was surprised for I never


[Page 108]


thought he would get married again, but tell him that Florida isn’t the place for me, or any man with Stomach & liver difficulties the climate is to sleepy or billious, you ought to see the blood in my face in the morning when I have taken care of my horse, or any time when I exercise.  I look warm & healthy, and I eat now, I don’t muss over victuals I wish very much you would come out here, just to see us. & see our place


Kitty sends love and will write in a few days


Write often.


Your affct Son



[Page 109]


Minneapolis Minn

October 17th 1871


Dear Father & Mother.


We were very glad to hear form you. the letter was delayed a little on account of the fire in Chicago.  I suppose Arthur has written of the one we did not receive.  We are all settled in our new home and like it ever so much thus far.  I will try and write you about it. so you can have an idea how we are situated through the winter.  It was pretty hard for us to settle down and give up going home, this fall. for we did want to go so much. and yet we tried


[Page 110]


to do what we thought was just right and looked at it soberly yes! prayerfully. and came to the conclusion we had better stay.  the people here advised us with tears in their eyes not to go back. for fear the benefit Arthur had received would not be permenant.  Time will tell. we can only do what we can and leave the rest to Providence.


Our home is a pleasant comfortable one. the house is quite new. and dry and warm.  I can’t think of a house just like it in town any where. unless it is Arthur Lymans on Elm St. Northampton that resembles it a little.  the inside of the house is small. but comfortable. there is a parlor, dining room & kitchen on the first floor. hall – up stairs two good sized


[Page 111]


rooms and two small ones. the house if furnished very prettily & comfortably.  one great advantage it is cozy & home like.  Mrs Darrus left all her pictures. nicnax &c. also all her bedding, (an abundance of it). and her crockery, table linen & cooking utensils so you see we stepped right in here. as if we had a good “setting out” You would laugh to see us at our meals. all alone at the table. we enjoy it ever so much and I rather think you would open your eyes to see Arthur eat, and I am not far behind. He has a splendid appetite and his food does not trouble him much.  I think it is a real good thing for him to live this way. for I try to have good whole-


[Page 112]


some food and yet not rich.  When one is boarding you know they must eat what is set before them.  There is a good barn on the place. also a garden and a splendid place for hens. It keeps Arthur with some thing to do to take care if his horse and hens and other little things that have to be done he says he is going to saw & split all his wood this winter for exercise. do a little at a time. he is much more contented with a little some thing to do. he get a little tired some nights but sleeps good and is all right in the morning. if it wasen’t for his lungs he would be a pretty well man but suppose we must not expect those will heal in a minute. as he gets good blood


[Page 113]


 his cough will pass away – He seems determined to get well. and I am determined he shall too. people out here says there is no doubt of it. if he will take care of himself and take time.  I think we have so much to thank God for he is so much better than he was last winter.  I can see that he is stronger than he was a month ago.


Father is very anxious we should be at his wedding, but wants me to consider Mr Halls health the first thing. it wasent necessary to tell me to do that.


We were surprised to hear of Uncle Otis being Engaged to be married.  I hope he will get a good wife. it is risky business this getting married. but I am satisfied with my choice


[Page 114]


Well!  I don’t think of anything more to write this time. we will write to you often and hope you will do the same.


Ever so much love to you both

from Your aff daughter



Direct Box 119.


[Page 1]


Adelia Brown

March 1872


[Algona] March 31, 72


Dear Uncl and Aunt


I will write a word to you we are pretty well John is not feeling very well he has not gone down to [Miras] they live about one mile from us  It is pleasant to day but cold We have had more snow this month than all winter and it has been cold here but we dont suffer with it a warm house and plenty of wood keeps us warm and plenty to eat I wish you would step in and take tea with me to night would give you all the ham and eggs you could eat and other good things It is very hard times here for mony The cares have not run through to here for 4 months nearly on account


[Page 2]


of being blocked so with snow consoquently no sale for grain since the first of January I have sold 7.00 seven dollars worth of eggs and got [our] groceries eggs are never very high here as for clothes John nor I have had any yes I had a callico dress all the dress I have had for a year and a half but I dont care I feel just as well and am happier than if I dressed in silk and had no home of my own nor any prospect of being any better off but we are working hard now so when we are old we can live in comfort.  We have lived well and everything in the house to make us comfortable although I would like to see you I cannot see any way for the present and it may be for years we must


[Page 3]


get out of Debt and a house although you know not how my heart turns to the loved ones there how I think of you by day and dream of you at night my place is here by my own home till we get things agoing some I wrote to you as soon as I could get a letter to the Office after I got the draft we live 8 miles from town that is Algona.  We have not been to Fort Dodge yet it has been such bad going but will as soon as [XXXXX] get his Spring crops in.  It is some 45 miles from us but we wrote to them.  How is Arther How old are both of you I have forgotten I was 41 last January and John 41 last August my baby would have been 9 years old I have had a letter and paper from Bell [lover] to her and Frank


[Page 4]


Kiss Charley for me this is writen in a great hury do you know where Uncle Edmond [Thayer] and family are please tell me when you write again write soon


ever your neice

A C Brown


I have sent you two papers with this I would not have you think by my writing that we are poor we have lots of oats and corn to sell 2 hogs to kill soon but cant sell them for anything I have 94 hens and we have just got us a another cow we own 2 now but will milk [4] this summer butter now is only 15 cents a pound and egges 18 cents a dozen


[Page 5]



Algona April 18


My Dear Uncl and Aunt


It is 12 oclock on Friday eve  Have just got home from Miras and they are going to Algona and I can go with them it is the first time we have been since we got your letter will send you mony order of $20,00 $20,00 hope we will be more puncital next time it is very hard times here very cold and backward here but little grain sowed at yet very wet read this if you can I have got a letter began to Bell love to her and Frank this is writen in a great hury


Your affct Neice A C Brown


[Page 6]


Adelia C Brown




[Page 7]



Wmsburg Sunday Eve July 28


Henry & Mary


My Dear Children


It is only a day or two since you left home I know – but I have learned that one never gets too many letters from home when away.  I have nothing new or strange to communicate  That death should remove those we know and esteem is not a new thing:  Mr [Bery’m] Claghorn was buried from the Church here yesterday in the afternoon, a good many attended the funeral as was expected for you know he was, till lately, a resident here and much esteemed  Rev’d Mr Gleason officiated.  The Singers got together and brot up


[Page 8]


the Cabinet Organ which was played by Mrs Lyman.  The Singing was very good and very appropriate.  Today Mr Crosby played the C. organ in the forenoon and Mrs Lyman in the afternoon Lottie went to Northampt on noon train Saturday and was unable to come home on account of Sick head ache or some other alement, and so was not there.  Hiram goes in after her this evening.  Mother Morton told me today she had got a letter from you & that Henry had a turn of Sick head ache going down  This is not an unusual result of riding in a crowded car in warm weather.  I hope he is well now & Mary too – and that you are both making good and


[Page 9]


proffitable use of your time:  I mean by this that you are Enjoying yourselves and improving in health.  The weather is rather cool and cloudy today


I dont think of any thing to write about further at this moment


Will hand this to Mother Hill Maybe she will write a line:  May God bless and keep you and bring you home again in Safety


From your affct father

O. G. Hill


[Page 10]


Sab. Eve. 6, o’clock –


My dear children,


Father has just handed me this sheet with the blank page for me to fill, I cheerfully acquiesce, although I have nothing of great importance to add.  We think much of you, and hope you will derive great benefit from your journey.  This has been a delightful Sabbath, so cool & comfortable, quite a contrast, to some we have had.  Mr Carter and Mary are sitting here with us, Mrs Carter having gone to Charlemont with her sister.  Mary says, “give my love,” Henry, I hope you will be well enough to come back before very long.  We miss you, in singing, decidedly.  Mr G. gave us two good sermons, in the P.M. the subject was the influence of association’s, Text,  “He pitched his tent towards Sodom”! ‘twas quite impressive.  Your Mother Morton was up to see me last Friday, from her account, ‘tis possible, Mary will be home before this reaches you if so it may be doubly welcome to Henry to cheer him perhaps for a few moments, if perchance he should stand in need of any such medicine.  With many kind wishes and the love of Mother Hill.


[Page 11]


Faribault Minn

Nov 10th 1872


Dear Father & Mother


Another Sunday, come & most gone, another month commenced and nearly half through, so time goes on, whether we are separated by a few miles only, or by death, still time will continue, still man will work and strive & forget those that are gone, never thinking that they themselves are but mortal & have got an account to render sooner or later, for all that is done here on Earth  It seems strange to me that we don’t realize it more fully that we do not have more


[Page 12]


thought about it, when it is certainly the great End that our lives are made for  Kitty & I have been to Church this morning, and to Sabbath School also, they have no afternoon service  Mr Williams the Minister here is a very earnest sincere man I think, but still there are many better Preachers than he (to listen to).


I am feeling quite well now have been Entirly over the Rheumitism, but have had it for the last twenty four hours in my left wrist & fingers, but my feet & leggs are free from it, think I shall try it in the Store tomorrow, tho the Dr says I may bring it on again


[Page 13]


if I stand upon my feet to much & of course I shall be as careful as possible, trade is very good so that Mr B has been obliged to hire two more clerk’s, the Cash Sales yesterday were $250. and a hundred more charged for thirty day’s & Sicty, this to town people who he knows are good.


Election passed off here without any great excitement except perhaps for county supervisor, there was a pretty close & hard fight for that of other news there is not much.  Father L thinks they had a pretty good time out at the torch light pocession in North [ton]


[Page 14]


I must say I was very much surprised to see such an overwhelming majority for [Grant,] I had’nt a word to say. what could I? with that majority staring me in the face.


I think I have about made up my mind not to have any thing to do with politics from this date on. but I guess I have said Enough


Should have liked very much to have seen Albert & Billy. I often think of that little Horse, and how you bought him to please me, when I was so sick, wish we could be together Thanksgiving.


Write often  Your Boy



[Page 15]


Sunday Eve. Oct 27,th 72.


Dear Sister Kitty; -


I was happily surprised last week be receiving your welcome letter, and sincerely hope now that the ice is broken we shall hear from each other often.


The first thoughts that entered my head upon receiving your letter was that Arthur must be real sick, &c. so much for imagination; you may well believe that I was very glad to learn such was not the case.


Do you know, Arthur has not written to me for nearly a year and I did not hear a word from him until a few weeks ago.  Brother Will said he had rec’d a letter from him – I should have


[Page 16]


written to him, but I hardly knew what part of the world he was in, so concluded to keep my patience and see if he ever meant to write again. – I tell you I began to believe in the old saying, “out of sight and out of mind.”


Please say to him I’m still in the land of the living and that I should just like to know what sort of a girl he takes me for – I don’t want to be forgotten so soon – and that the first spare moment he has to sit down and drop a line to me .


I’m so glad you think he is on the sure side of regaining his health.  You can’t imagine how much I would like to see both of you, cannot bear the thoughts of your settling away off there – Oh, it would be just splendid if you only lived near me, I’m thinking there would be som jolly times.


[Page 17]


You spoke of my having your picture. – Yes indeed, I have it in good safe keeping and would not part with it for any thing. – You shall have one of mine soon as ever I have one taken.


I have been meaning to send one to Arthr, but never seemed to get around to it.


Hoping you’ll excuse mistakes &c, for to tell the truth I’m sort of sleepy, been rather dissipated this past week, attending quite a number of dancing parties.  Think I had better sober down a little – after this.  I must close now, with a good night kiss, - I trust we may ever be the very best of Sisters.


Love to Arthur and accept a good share for yourself. –


Truly Your Loving

Sister Gertrude.


[Page 18]


[Envelope addressed to:

Hiram Hill Esq.




[Page 19]


[To. Mr. Arthur H. Hill,

F., Minn.]


Williamsburg December 1/72


Dear Children we got your letter of 24 Thursday soon after our Thanksgivin Supper in which we had Aunt Electa and frank & Isebell & children if we had not thankfull hartes it was not because we had not enough to eat. We had as good a Turkey as any one had in town – but when we got your letter and learned you was so well I could truely say I was glad if not thankfull – was Sorry to learn that Ansel had bin so unfortunate in the Loss of his factory – tell him we was looking for him and his new wife Every train that came in but as things have turned I am glad he was at home when his fire


[Page 20]


occured – tell him I know how to simpathize with him some fer we had our Broom handel and Lather [Bo] factory Burn & a large lot of Seasoned timber in a time when we could not afford to Lose it is well as he Can – it was well that you did not go in with him – I don’t know what Hewitt & family will do for I suppose they wer dependant upon him for Support – you Say that you think Mr Bachelder Expects you to go into Buisness with him as you talk of.  I had thought as you had not ben able to attend to buisness he would not want you but if you are able to attend to Buisness and you think best to go in with him – I will trye to Rais the other Two Thousand Dollars but money is so tight here.  I Shall have to sacrifise a good deal in order to Rais the money – but will do it if   


[Page 21]


you think best – I shall rely upon your judgement but if you should come out as [J.D.] Lawrence has I don’t know What will become of us – I see by the paper he has had a Receiver appointed – I tell you thare is not but once in a great while that a man that goes into trade Sucseeds – it is by Strickt attention to ones buisness and Economy that one Sucseeds – I hope you will understand that it is not the amount of Buisness a man does that is the most profitable but I have Said Enough on this Subject . you will Say father is always borrowing trouble – but I have Seen So much and So many failures in young men – yes-and old ones two that I am distrustfull – I think from all I can learn that you have a man to do buisness with that is honest & upright – but we cannot tell how well qualified


[Page 22]


he is to make money I have seen verry honest fine men that failed to make money for the want of good judgement – you will wright me amediatley what the prospect is and when you will want the money – Money is verry tight here the Banks are doing nothing – I have gotten yoke of oxen that I have ben feeding in hopes of getting a few dollars advance on them but no one wants them for they cannot get the money to pay for them – I have my hands full in chores two yoke oxon two cows & milk one yearling hieffer and two pigs and my Sick horses &c has got a Relapse a proper long fever don’t Eat much coughs badley it seams to be a lung fever – I have ben doctoring him for fore or five days – today he seems to eat a little better -  I hope your horse will not be Sick with the disease this winter – we have got good Sleighing here now and the


[Page 23]


wether is pretty Cold – you will without doubt hear of the Death of the great if not the greatist philosepher and philanthropist, of our Nation befor this reaches you; I morne his loss and I think the Nation will also have cause to morne his loss – you will Remember what I Said at Mr [Baldwins] Last Spring – that History would give Horace Greeley and Charles Sumner their just due – I think they were two of the most patriotic unselfish men of our times –


Thare is not much news of importance that I think of you get the Gazett I suppose Every Week so you get about all thare is going on here – Mr Nashe’s family are getting along – I told frank you was [agai] to Wright him. he has inquired after you Several times – May Morton fell in his Barn and dislocated his Sholder a few days Since but is getting along –


[Page 24]


Monday Morning.


We had Snow last Night so it makes good Sleighing – but I have no horse I can use My horse is pretty Bad of I am afraid I shall lose him – but will hope for the Best –


Pleas give my Regards to Ansel and new wife & also to Mr. Baldwin & Wife and much Love to you & Wife

Hiram Hill


[Page 25]


Faribault Minn

Dec 1st. 1872


Dear father & Mother


Your Sunday letter was rec’d in due time.  You say, your letters do not reach us, as soon as they used too. the reason of that is, that the Eastern mail now comes the River Road up to St. Paul. & then down here, tho’ it is liable to come Either way that makes it 12 hours later, or we get it Friday morning instead of Thurs. night.  Have been to Church today, it is quite mild & pleasant the terrible weather you speak of, has ben North of us on the Northern Paciffic Rail Road


[Page 26]


tho’ we have had good suny weather here. (16º below Zero two or three mornings,) but that is nothing.  it is the most beautiful braceing weather you ever see.  & just what Minnesota has to brag of, & is just the kind of weather too, that cures & heals those who come here for health  I am feeling splendid, better & better Every day. as for the Rheumatism, that I’ve tried as I promised, when I came away, to tell the truth about all my pains &c. I am over it now, entirely & have been for some time, and the only thing I am sorry for is that you should look upon it in such an agrevated light. for it has [neve]


[Page 27]


been or seemed to be any thing so bad as you have imagined.


Thanksgiving passed off pleasantly, here, we remained at Mr Butch Elders, they having quite a company of their friends to Eat Turkey &c., we thought of you often & wished we could be there., but we felt thankful., that we were so well & happy, compaired with what we might be & with others.


we have had another Fire.  The Seaburg Divinity College on the Hill or Bluffs was destroyed, about one o’clock, just before people sat down to their Thanksgiving Dinner you will remember the Divinity College & the Military School are together


[Page 28]


at present, one occupying one building & the others the other.  The Divinity College I wrote you are to build in the Spring, on the same Bluff further down a building to cost, 150 thousand, the loss on this was $20,000 insured for $13,000 which is, all good, & they consider there loss really small as the walls to this are perfectly good. & they were, Expecting to take out the inside in the Spring, as it was not [XXXXX]


Ansel has not decided what to do yet. he has the St. Paul fever pretty bad,


Will write again soon


Write often Your Son



[Page 29]


Sunday P.M.


Dear Father & Mother


Arthur is writing to you. but perhaps I may not say the same as he does so will write a little.  We have been to church & Sunday School – I have had a class of little girls for several Sundays –the Suprentendant wanted me to keep the class, but it was more of a responsibility than I felt qualified to assume.


We have had good sleighing for three weeks, cold & clear weather, to day is the first day it has thawed for some time the mercury was down from ten to Eighteen below zero Every morning this week


[Page 30]


until today.  It was fearfull cold Thanksgiving day.  15 below zero at Sun down – Mr Batchelders folks had nineteen here including Mr & Mrs Baldwin, it was quite pleasant for us. but we thought of you so often;


Arthurs rheumatism is Entirely gone.  I will use Mothers remedy if it should appear again – I heard from home this week as usual.  Father is going to break up housekeeping & board this winter. thinks it will be cheaper, and less lonely for Sarah when he is away.  We were surprised to hear H. L. James had a baby he has four girls now I believe –


Ansel did not go any farther than Chicago. Guess


[Page 31]


he found it cost considerable to travel!  no one has seen his wife since they returned she dont go out at all.  Mrs Ensign. my cousin is here now with her family she will stay a year or two.  Mr Balchelder has a friend spending Sunday here quite a church man Arthur wears thick red flannels & wolen stockings – buckskin boots. so he is warmly dressed.  I have also made him a chest protector for the front & back of cotton wool which keeps him as warm as


[Page 32]


Toast.  I try & have him be careful of him self – I answered Gertys letter yesterday.  I think I shall like her.


The horse disease is in St. Paul so we probably shall have it here.  I have made the horse a big warm chest protector to wear when driving.  Considerable many horses wear them in Minneapolis especially working horses –


Write real often.


Your loving daughter

Kitty Hill


Please Excuse paper & mistakes


[Page 33]


Leeds Mass Jan 18th 1873


Mr Arthur Hill


Dear Sir


Mr Fred. Howard who hands you this, has shown me your last letter to him advising him to go to Minn. and offering him a situation in your store.


I am very glad for his sake that you feel disposed, and are in a position where you can do this for him, for although apparrently in good health physicians tell him his lungs are somewhat diseased and he feels that it is dangerous for him to stay about here, where he has lost three brothers and a sister by consumption within a few years, and without a place in view in Minn. would not venture to go there and take his chances for obtaining a situation at this season of the year.


I have been acquainted with him since my first coming to this place, and feel a personal interest in his welfare knowing


[Page 34]


 him to be a young man of good habits and perfectly upright and honest.


He has never done anything at the kind of business you are in, or been in a store of any kind that I know of, but I should think would learn quickly and be able to adapt himself to the business being dependent as he is upon his own efforts for a livelihood, & exceedingly anxious to do well.


It may be as well to mention (though perhaps unnecessary) that you may the better understand him, that he inherits a tendency to fits of despondency, & has the blues occasionally, when he is disposed to shut himself out from society – the worst think in the world for him of course.  I mention this to show that anything that can be done to help him form pleasant acquaintances will be of course conducive to his health & happiness.


Sincerely hoping that he will do well & be benefitted by the change of climate, & trusting that your kind interest in him will be repaid I am


Yours truly

Geo. P. [Narney]


[Page 35]


[Neoga] Sep 27th – 1873


Dear Aunt –


It is Sabbath P M Stormey & Lonesome  We attended Chirch this A.M. then went down to Freds for dinnr that is myself and children (James Lourds there so we had quite a family gathering)


Our folks were none of them in to day it was so rainey


And now I am going to write to you which I should have done long ago but have [XXXXX] for Mrs Bat – My dear Aunt – she has a


[Note on side of page]


Mrs Greene has been to [Mume] this summer will be back here tomorrow could not make it [XXXXX] to call on you I was sory


[Page 36]


good excuse for not writing as I know you will acknowledge when you hear how she has been [Situated] all summer  Eds wife has been Sick ever since they were married and [Mas] has had all the work to do they have had two hired men all through Sumer and some of the time 5 & 6 besides their own men.  I don’t know how she stood it and she has worn herself almost out – I am afraid she more will do or be able to do as much again.  She has been having ague lately and is not well at all I am afraid she and Pa are bouth failing Pa works all the time [XXXXX] [XXXXX] but is getting real totering and shakes worse than Grandpa did when I came from there  Alas:  they are


[Page 37]


getting to be old folk’s it scares me to think of it the posibility of loosing one or bouth – O what should we do with-out Pa or Ma


But we must part with our nearest and dearest friends as you already know


We received your kind letter telling us of Arthurs death – your loss is great and we sincerely sympathise with you but you will not mourn as those without hope It must be a great comfort to you to know he was prepared and is [hapier] than he could be in this wourld  Just gone Home and will be ready to welcome you when you reach the other shore.


It must be a great loss to his young wife but she is young and time will heal the wound in a


[Page 38]


maisure but it will be different with you and Uncle you had expected him to be your comfort in your old ages and now your all is gone  But Gods ways are not our ways and whatsoever he doeth he does for our good.


Give my love to his little wife my heart feels drawn towards hur in hur affliction


Josiah has gone to Minesota for his health – started a week ago last Wednesday he has been poorly for a year and was getting worse thought he must do something as medicne failed to help him so thought a journey might benefit him and the Doc recommended it I had a letter from him Thursay he was in Iowa is going up the


[Page 39]


river and the water is so low they make slow progress but he do’nt care he says he is feeling better and I hope he will come home well but I do’nt think this climate agreese with him and I would go away from him but for Pa & Mas and if he is not better when he comes back shall be obliged to go somewhere


We have all been chilling this fall but Fredie he has charge of the Shop now his Pa – is gone we only have one man at work he has been working for Ed all Summer and Edy has him out to work on a farm so there has been no one here at home but Si – and I & Hattie  School comences a week from tommorrow  then all will go to school


[Page 40]


Mas & [Tiffie] were in Friday and spent the day she wasent well and Ed sent hur off in here  She said do write to Roina for I cant but I hope she will feel better soon and then she will write  We all like Eds wife very well but she is not very strong or healthy she is better than she had been


Do write to us soon we want to hear much tell us about all our frinds. love to Aunt Florilla & Bell


Please accept much love for yourself and Uncle (and excuse the imperfections of this letter)


from your aff Niec

Julia M Smith


Hattie and the boys send love to you bouth


You may give my love to Julie but I I feel as if she has about forgotten hur old frind


[Page 41]


[Neoga] Apr. 16th 1874


Dear Aunt


I am alone and it is a stormy Evening so I shall not probialy be disturbed and I will spend the time in writing to you


No not quite alone for Josi is laying here on the Lounge asleep groaning all the time for he has had a chill today and if feeling perty bad he has been better since he returned from Minisota and had comenced working in his Shop but I guess he will have to quit it for he is not strong enough I fear he will run down as bad as he was before


[Note on side of page]  


Give my love to Cousin Kity I intended to write some to hur but have not room tell hur she misunderstood me I am very sory for hur I know this must be very lonely but when she gets [here] she will understand my mising I find the wourld and plaisures of the wourld do not look to me as they did when I was hur life and sorrows and troubles seem harder to bare


[Page 42]


he was very sick all the time he was gone we were afraid he would not live to get home again but he had the best of care and a good Dr – or he could not posibly have [lived] he was gone 9 weeks when he got sick he looked like a Ghost and coughed bad but since had improved so much I thought he would get well again but I feele quite discouraged tonight if those chills come back he cant stand it long we would like to go to Minesota to live but cant sell our property here he thinks he would be well there


Hattie & Fredie & Eddie have all gone to Sunday School Fredie lives with his Uncle James this summer he gives him $15.00 per month he


[Page 43]


has got to be a big boy almost 17 years old I believe Mas has written to you since James was married he has a nice little wife (about Hatties age) they live about two miles from here


Now I know you are wishing I would tell you about Pa & Mas they are quite well Mas was in last week and staid sevrale days she has had two chills lately and was not looking quite as well as usual but is well again now Pa – is very well  Mas wanted I should send you a Postal Card and have you and Uncle come to dinner one day whilst she and Pa were here but as I thought it improbial about your coming I did not send and one day after breakfast she said come Julia let us


[Page 44]


go down to Roenas and spend the day Oh! how I wish we could visit as we used to but that cannot be.  alas, what separations there are in this wourld


Ed & [Lif] are getting along nicely Mas thinks there never was another such a girl Fred & Frank are staying out there this summer Fred is working for Ed  Ed has 50 acres of wheat in and it looks nice they put in 35 acres of Oats about three weeks ago since then it has been cold and rainy almost all the time we have had a very open winter no real cold weather and no snow of any consiquence but for all the Spring is backward the Peach treese are almost in bloon and Cheries treese I think there will be any amount of fruit this year – we shall be glad


[Page 45]


as there was none last year not [XXXXX] Apples we are almost starved for something good to eat


We received the last two Papers you sent I seemed so strange to read so much about snow and cold weather boy I would’nt live there if any one would give me the nicest house in Wm.burgh I had rather live here in these little houses and have a chill [XXXXX] few days


I had a letter from [Poly] last week she says they are all well Cash is clearking in a Clouthing Store there and Uncle Joshua & Lyman and Emma live out of town about one and one half miles did not say what they are doing very poor I guess from all accounts  Said [Frinch] & wife have been staying there with there oldest Son this winter he teaches music in the schools


[Page 46]


and leades the Singing in the Congregational Church gets $4.00 a Sabbath – is very popular


Jake and [XXXXX] have separated on account of brother Albert has made his mother takes his part and Jake do’nt approve of his conduct he is a lazy trifelng boy Poly says I suppose you know [Electu] is dead I do’nt know where Ike is  But I must close for I have written a long letter give my love to Aunt Florilla & Bell please write soon and tell us about [XXXXX] body but [unreadable] yourselves for we want to hear very much


How I wish you would come and make us a visit


With much love I remain your aff Niece Julia M Smith.


We had a letter from Aunt [XXXXX] the other day she talks of coming out here this summer


[Page 47]

[To:  Hiram Hill,

Williamsburg, Mass.]



Algona No 29


My Dear Uncle and Aunt


We received your kind letter and was very glad to hear that you got home so well and found things all right  This eve being [Sundy] John wanted I should read to him told him I was going to write to you so he has gone on to the lounge a [sporting and Camping] he has been telling me to write but to day have had the headache, you dont know how I felt when you left me that day and that was the reason I did not want to go to Town with you it seemed that I could not have you go


[Page 48]


for I felt that it was the last time I should see you but I hope not It seemes like a dream when I think of it and how I did enjoy it but was sorry that I could not have things better But wait a while then come and see us, John talks of comming down to see you sais he means to see you if we all live before many years and I want to come more than ever now   Now come out another year and we will have a board roof on so the house wont leak and I will have a [gill] so I can devote my time to you tell Mother that I should think she and Father might write to us tell her to keep up good courage for I mean to see her once more if I live.  Well in regard to my work am


[Page 49]


doing a little of everything our corn has been out sometime so our cattle can run in the stalks and do not bother so am making considerable butter am going to Town this week with butter and Eggs.  Eggs are 14 ct butter 20 cts we killed one hog sold 4, and are going to kill 2 more this week and our cow to and are going to kill a lot of our hens for we have not feed for them  We had 40 bushels of potatoes they bring 1.00 a bushel now.  Thank you for that picture that is [Another] to me [more] please write again soon give my love to all and keep a good share for yourselves.  There has no letters come for you Johns sais tell them that the Saturday after they went away it began to snow and we


[Page 50]


had 3 inches of Snow and 3 weeks of winter weather since that it has been pleasant and he have done most of his ploughing.  Oats are selling at 35 cents a bushel corn 40 and very scarce at that Wheat from 70. to 80. there is but very little corn in the county and folkes are killing off their hogs or selling hogs are selling from 2 to 2 ½ a hundred on foot and dressed hogs there is no sale at all  We sold 4 hogs John took them down yesterday and all we got for them was 24.75 a little more than paid  our taxes for the year and dare not go with our team wish they would sell them.  Times are very dull and very hard have had chances to have men work for their board but are going to get along alone


[Page 51


December 2  I forgot your letter when I went to Town as I went last week and took down 9 dollers or more of Eggs and butter  We have lots of pork and beef as we have killed and saved for ourselves 9 hogs and one half of our cow and we have not killed a chicken since you left do come out and help eat them we would have nice times Mr Pollards folkes are well  Frank came up here last week after their cattle the horse stumbeled and fell on to Frank and hurt his ankle very bad. He is going to school this winter  Tell Father and Mother to write and Bell to love to


[Page 52]   


It is very hard times here and all around us but you need not worry about us for we have got plenty to eat and are clothed up warm for winter good limed shooes and boots and he is clothed in flannel good warm clothes plenty of wood and our neighbors are all so so don’t worry about us we are both pretty well and as helthy as can be  Mr Pollard will take this


write soon. Your affectionate Neic


[A. C. B]


[Page 53]


there are Sherriffs Sales every little while good horses have been sold for 40.00 and the Hotel at the Depot where you staid the last Night has closed and the things sold at Sheriffs sale


[Page 54]


give my love to all and a kiss for Mother and Bell and one for you both


John Brown


will send you 2 papers with this


[Page 55]


E. Orleans, Mass

May 19 1874.


Dear Henry and Mary; -


I received your card to-day, and am truly thankful that you have all escaped unharmed.  We have had accounts of it all in the papers, yesterday and [today] but I didn’t know how correct they were, and feared something might have happened to some of you.  What a dreadful time it was!  I suppose we, who are so far away, cannot realize all the horrors of it.


How sad about Dr. Johnson’s family, and Mr. Hitchcock too – wasn’t he the one who lived in the house with you?  I supposed, from what was in the paper that that horse was swept away – how fortunate that you


[Page 56]


had moved away.  Was the button factory injured?  Mrs Arthur Hill and Mrs Hill had a narrow escape.  Did the flood come near your house?  I judged not, as it stands on high land, doesn’t it?  After the first great excitement is over and you begin to feel calmer I wish you – one of you – would write me a long letter, and tell me all about it.


You will have some idea now the dreadful time they have been having in Louisana.


This will cast a gloom over your vicinity that will be felt a long time, and a good deal of suffering will follow it. 


I am very glad that you are all safe, and hope Williamsburg will never have to pass through another such ordeal


Please remember me to all of my acquaintances, with the kindest regards.


Father and mother send much love to you both.


[Page 57]


We are quite well and busy house-cleaning


I shall hope to hear soon from you, and will write a longer letter in reply


With a great deal of love


I remain

Your true friend

Josie Taylor


A kiss for baby Myra.


[Page 58]


E. Orleans May 1 1874


My dear Mary,


I little thought when I wrote you last that before I should again write you, your beautiful villiage would be almost destroyed, and saddest of all, such a frightful loss of life [attended] the disaster.


It seems terrible to me, so far away from that appalling disaster, and to you living in the midst of such a terrible calamity and witnessing such


[Written on margins of page]


[XXXXX] you Annie is still at Manchester but is coming home [XXXXX].  It is very quit here, but looking quite pretty, for this little place, and at times I feel quite well satisfied with it.  I feel perfectly safe here I will not write you a longer letter this time only a few lines that you may know that I have not forgotten you in your trouble.  My love to your Mother and Henry, and I would like to hear from you when you can feel as though you could write.




[Page 59]


scenes, must be heart rending.  But you have so much to be thankful for.  When you think your home, and nearest friends were spared you – The news of the destruction of the Williamsburg Reservoir, reached here on Monday, but no particulars were given of the loss of life, and property, only the names of those that had lost houses.  I saw Henry & father had lost, as I then supposed, his dwelling home, and his brother two (2) but I learned afterwards that they were tenement houses.  I was almost afraid to read the list of person lost, for fear I should see the names of


[Page 60]


some of your folks -  I cannot seem to remember how your villiage looked, or where the houses and factories destroyed were situated – I remember the factory of John Hill’s, and that was not destroyed, at least I did not see his name amoung those that had lost factories – but I cannot remember your house, Josie told me it was above Henry’s father, and I knew where that is, so I suppose you were out of danger, on high ground, and was not one of many to leave home on Thursday night -  Oh! yours was such a beautiful villiage, and to think of part of it being destroyed in such a dreadful


[Page 61]


way, is enough to make the strongest heart grow faint –


I had read of frightful disasters before, but none that seemed to come home, as this one.  I suppose it was because I had visited it, and you lived there.  I thank Henry for [he] kindly remembering me by sending those papers which were read with interest – We are all well those of us who are left at home.  Father ahs just arrived at San Francisco, from Hong Kong.  He wrote us from the latter place that he should leave the ship when she arrived, if they could not sell her, but I am almost afraid he will be persuaded to keep [in] her until she arrives 


[Page 62]


PO Box 4024,

New York Dec 3/75


Hiram Hill Esq


My dear hi, --


Your favour under date 1inst Received –


I can give you the information desired about the affair of the “Alabama & Chattanooga Rail Road 1s mortgage Bonds, But am sorry to say that I cannot give you a better account of the Value of the Bond you hold –


The Trustee & [Mr] Stanton & Adam, sued the Company in behalf the Bondholders & obtained Judjment in US Circuit Court, at Mobile Alabama, an upon said Judjment or decree sold the Road to the “Bondholders” for about $1,200,000 subject to the


[Page 63]


sale being approved by the Court, & subject to the Receiver [Certificates] & Prior liens in shape of Labour Claims declared to be a lien before the Bonds amounting to some $1,200 00 also –


The foreign Bondholders now come into court, and have got a stay of Proceedings in the case untill the 11 “ January next, & they are now filing a bill to sett aside the Recovery Certificate & the Floating debt claims, then [refuring] on their part to accept of the [XXXXX] by the Trustee & for amount Bonds they own.  The case will come up for trial on the 11 January  Herefore on their Cross Bill –


You must wait the Result of this trial, -- The Bonds are fearfully down Sales Yesterday at [under] 1,084


A Mr [Maggs]


[Page 64]


attorney for Foreign Bondholders who represent a large majority of the Bonds r now in Alabama having the case prepared to be submitted to the court and he is also Endeavouring to get the State of Alabama to [“CompromXX”] for their Endorsement guaranteeing the Bonds,  But as the state appears quite insolvent for & as the Powers Contracting the financial affairs of the state are so notoriously corrupt, & dishonest, I fear Mr [Maggs] will be unable to do much towards the settlement of there guarantee,


You must wait till the 11 [XXXXX] for the Result of the [XXXXX]


Your friend & Tenant

Charles H Frost

[Page 65]




About Alabam and Chatanoga




[Page 66]


Carlinville, Ills., Decr 15th 1875.


Mrs A. S. Martan


Dear Madam


Enclosed find draft for Eighty and 50/100 dollars, the amount I drew from S. S. Gilbert Master in [Chacery] for our County, which is your part in full of the proceeds of the Sale of Real Estate that belonged to the Estate of Mrs Salome M. Shaw Decd.


Please acknowledge that receipt of Draft and oblige yours Respectfully


D. N. Siloman


Direct to Palmyra Ills


[Page 67]


A. C. Brown

Janury 1876


Algona December 19 1875


My dear Uncle and Aunt


Sometime has passed since I have writen to you or heard from any of you at the East  Received a letter from Father a while ago is all we have heard for a long time I have so much to do and being about sick half of the time I neglect my friends more than I ought to do still your are in my mind and we talk of you all till it seemes that we must see you.  We are having another bad year again the wet and cold weather has been a great damage to crops we had 200 bushels of wheat from the Macheine but will not when sold and sold by weight


[Page 68]


be more than 175 bushell and that what we had to spare had to sell to pay a note of Frank Cole which we did not expect to pay this fall although it was due but Frank would have to loosee his land that the has got here if he did not meet the payment on it so we had to pay him wheat is only from 50 to 60 cents a bushel then we had to sell a fat hog to make out the Note we have about 400 bushels of corn and Oats to sell but they are both worth only about 20 cents a bushel and Oats and Wheat are both bleached bleached it was so rainey and lay on the ground for help could not be got to care for it we have 75 bushels of potatoes in the Cellar they are only 20 cents a bushels but folkes think that they will be higher soon.


[Written on page margin]


and no sale at that


[Page 69]


January 5 1876


Will now try and finish this letter for I can send it to the Office this week we have had such splendid weather for a month it hardly seems like winter no snow of any account and the Des Moines River has not been frozen over yet so that John could get across it to get to his timber the puppy dog got into my lap and made this blot[XXXXX] has been quite sickly with the fever around it is colder now it has been verry warm so far till now John is very buisey finishing his barn I wish you could step in and see us would give you well all you could eat we are very comfortable and just as happy as ever only I get discouraged at times


[Page 70]


because we cannot pay our debts as fast as we would like to if we ever have the satisfaction of saying that we owe no man a cent I will ring all the bells for Joy I hardly know what to write, [Mde] Hiran we will do all we can and will send that mony between this and Spring we expect to have 9 or 10 cows another year it is nothing but work till we die then there is rest for the weary how are you getting along and how is Bell and her children love to her and Father and Mother  A Merry Christmas and A happy New year to you all John sends his love to all & write soon Mira is well


Yours in love

Adelia C Brown


January 8  To day wheat is only 40 cents we have only about 200 bushels each corn and oats to sell and [XXXXX]


[Page 71]


Shelburm Falls Sept 19/76


Hiram Hill Esq – Dear Sir, after looking the matter over, and confering with the board of overseers we conclude that the legal Settlement of the family of F. E. Johnson is in this Town.  We will take the Boy here, or will pay his fare to the Aunt you spoke of at the West, for we think it better for the Boy to be with some of his friends.  Hoping to hear from you soon I am Truly Yours


A W Ward


[Page 72]


Amsburgh Sept 29 1876


A. W. Ward Esqr


Dear Sir your of 19 inst Received and Content noted in answer I would Say that the little Boy is sick and has ben for the last 8 or 10 days but we think is rather mending; but is quite feble has a bad cough but hoply good case he will come out all Right in a week or two – I have ben looking for a chance to send him out to his aunt as soon as he is able to go but don’t sucseed as yet –I was in Northampton yesterday and found a man going to Chicago – but he did not like to take the charge of him – and take him so far beyound


[Page 73]


but concluded he would think it over and let me know next week; it would be Cheper to Send him in that way than to Send a man on purpos all the way through – but would it not be Cheper for the town to send a man out with him than to keep him here – I found that a Tickett through to Algona would cast (26.40) Algona is in the north west part of Iowa – it is in Kosouth County


if you Should think it best to do so I would keep him untill able to go without Expence to the town and either go out with him or send a man with him his aunt lives out nine miles from the village of Algona - 


if your Board do not think best to Adopt this plan then you will have to take him as soon as he is able to go – and I shall expect What the law wil allow me


[Page 74]




Algona 15


Dear Uncle one and all


I came to town at a moments warning and had no time to write so cant write but a word am writing this in the Store will send you a Post Office order of $20,00 twenty dollars please send me the date of the time that each interest has been Endrsed on the Note have just sold one hogs all well


A C Brown

[Page 75]


Adelia C.


Letter – 1878


[Page 76]


Charles A Hill,


Fonddu Lac Wis.


Feb 9. 79.


Dear Uncle and Family


it is with pleasure that I write to you all, although I am ashamed of my Self for not writeing to you before you will please for give me for not doing so and I will try and do better after this.  Father is at work for Mr. Meyers and I am to work for him we have a long way to walk, we are all enjoying good health at present. mother is quite well. we have had the Coldest weather this winter ever


[Page 77]


he thought he had Stumbled but felt his leg smart and found he was Shot he saw too men standing by a car and heard them say o my God we have Shot the rong man and sun he went back to the house and had his wound dresed another man was robed of 80 dollars this weak by too boys


this is a bad Place,


Give my and all the rest of our love to all


Say Good by

From Charles A Hill


[Page 78]


known in the united States since 1864, on new years, the Cold weather in Minnesota is Tremendous 100 or 150 teamsters were frozen to death please tell Arthur that I would like to have him write to me and I will answer his letter.  most every body is having what they call the [epzoote] that is what the horses had here it went hard with them I suppose it has ben as bad there as here  Uncle ansil has been here but did not bring his new wife with him he went to Oshkosh, back in a day or too and he told us when he Started home he would stop and see us we have not seen him nor heard from him.


[Page 79]


Charles A Hill

fondu Lack



father felt bad to think that he did not respect us enny more than that.


Dear Uncle please send us yours and Aunties pictures they will be highly appreciated by us now do.  I would like to come down there in the Spring if Cousin Frank will come, Fonddu Lac is getting to be a very hard place one night last weak there was a young man who had ben to see his gall and  was going home and as he was crossing the railroad track he heard a report of a revolver and fell


[Page 80]


[To: Hiram Hill?]



June 7th 1879


Dear Father & Mother.


Your very welcome letter arrived in due time, and was eagerly devoured, your letters are always precious to me.  I was much pleased to hear from my little friends, and have sent them a letter in this, may I trouble you to give them to them, one for Bessie Warner and one for Genevia Hill.  I suppose every thing is just the same with you as ever.  Not many changes this way.  Silas has been home two weeks, he never was so well


[Page 81]


or weighed so much in his life. He is as much absorbed in business as ever. but always is bright and pleasant when he gets home.  we take very nice rides together every pleasant evening after tea and I some times drive him into the city mornings. our house proves to be very satisfactory.  Silas now goes to the factory every Monday and Thursday, all day. leaving here at seven o’c in the morning.  I some times drive him half way over where he meets his train.  All are well at East Weymouth.  I see but little of Mary Canterbury.  She is much taken up with her large family.  I hear she expects 


[Page 82]


Eunice, her husband & baby to visit her this summer.


My sister Susie lives in New York City.  Why did you think it was Newton.  I think I am very careless about my writing, I mean to reform.  If all is well next fall I am going West with Silas I think I may stay about ten days in Minneapolis while Silas is around at other Citys.  I have commenced to anticipate my trip already I am real well this summer and quite stout for me.


Father Dizer says I look one hundred per cent better than I did when I came down here to live. so I may turn out a big woman yet.  Silas weighs almost twenty pounds


[Page 83]


more than he did when he was married. he now weighs 156 pounds!


Every thing is looking finely this way. our little place looks very pretty.  I take much pleasure in it I like my servant girl, she is a great stout woman who dont make anything of doing all my work. and my house keeping cares are comparatively light.  My kind regards to Uncle Otis & family, and with much love for your self I am the same loving Kitty.


[Page 1]


Minneapolis Minn

June 10, 1890


My Dear Mrs Hill


I have been quite busy, and just now have found time to write.  I always like to receive your letters so I must get this away if I want to get another I received your letter some time ago.  I received the S- paper yesterday and enjoyed it very much I thought while reading it of the very pleasant time I had there.  Did Mr & Mrs Graves go this time? of course you went.  I hope the trip did you good I am sorry you have been ill so long there is not much pleasure without health


[Page 2]


I was glad to hear that Myra is doing so well at school I presume she is glad to get through  What a blessing for you to have your mother with you always and especially since you have been sick.  Give her my love.  We did not see Fred Thayer, Mr Price did not give up the ministry nor does not intend he supplied pulpits all winter and he preached with the intention of taking a parish but when he wod go to those places he was not satisfied so did not take any  The towns in the west are not like those in the east it is hard to get


[Page 3]


a desirable place to live in unless it is in the city or some very large town.  He has taken S. S. work this summer is going to try it for three months and if he likes it he will continue in the work so we remain here for the summer.  We will have no parish and it will be easier for me although I do not want to be idle I want to do something for the master and I intend to if he likes it and we are settled near his work I mean to help him and I think I will enjoy it of course time will tell if he is not suited he will take a parish for there are fields enough in the west but to give up the work he never thot of it for a moment. he denied himself to


[Page 4]


study for the ministry and he would not do so if he intended to give up the work.


I think that the Thayers thought we knew that Dr Wheeler was going to leave his wife.  We always liked the Wheelers as neighbors and the Dr was friendly but he knew better than to tell that secret to Mr Price for he would not get any sympathy We always thot that they were happy for they appeared so.  I feel very sorry for Mrs Wheeler.  When the Dr visited us in Waygata he never mentioned her name to me nor I to him.  He is in M – somewhere I will send the children’s pictures in a few days  I wish we had ours.  We will some time  Bert is quite a big boy he takes lessons on the violin and likes it.


I will be alone a greater part of the time this summer


Answer soon Love to all  Mary Price


[Page 5]


[Macalaster] Park. Dec. 28/9


Dear Mary;


Your very kind remembrance came to me Christmas day and I cannot tell you how delighted I am with it. or how much pleasure we have already taken in looking it over.  Last eve we had a supper party here, and two of the gentleman spent considerable time looking at it.  Of course almost every one knows of Northampton on account of Smith College, etc. and so feel somewhat interested in the place.  I thank you most heartily for it. and it shall be a constant reminder of my friend.  Just now it is a constant reminder of a


[Written on page margin]


in W  With many thanks for the Christmas gift, and with very much love

From your friend

E.S.G. [Hunt]


Mrs. Geo. A.


[Page 6]


piece of work that I commenced for you six weeks ago. But company, and a very lame shoulder have prevented me from finishing it. but I hope to be able to send it very soon and I hope you will accept it at that late hour even, with the good intentions of your friend.  I have had such a busy winter so far and I expect to go through life always feeling that I don’t have quite time enough to accomplish all that I want to.  Isn’t that feeling universal?


I was so glad Father went to W – for I think it did him a great deal of good.  I wrote and asked him a great many questions about different people but have not heard directly from him. but Anne answered some of them for him. and one was that your health is better.  I was so glad to hear it and hope you have continued to improve  We are all very well and I feel that we have very much to be thankful for.  I have had trouble with and a good deal of pain in my shoulder, but it is very much better now. in fact almost well.  I do not know what caused it possibly an attack of rheumatism.  if it was I do not want any more.  I miss Anne very very much and wish many times every week she was here.  I expect you know of her engagement to Mr. Kirkwood a gentleman she met here; he comes in very often, altho his time is very much occupied with his studies  He has one more year in the medical college and he now expects to spend that at Harvard of course Annie is looking forward to that with anticipation but I should not be very much surprised if some influence should be brought to bear upon him to complete his studies at the University here. for the course is very thorough and the institution ranks high.  I expect the family will move to Emporia, Kansas next summer


[Page 7]


as Dr. Kirkwood is Prof. of Mental Science and Logic in Emporia College.  The same chair he occupied here at Macalester


Strange rumors have reached me from W – about Hattie Nash can they be true?  it seems so terrible!  How is Edith Thayer, and do they think she can never walk again?  I think so often of all the people there and find that I still feel a very great interest in them all.  I have often wondered when Myra is at school etc. etc


I do hope we shall have the pleasure of seeing you and H some time in our home.  I know we are a long way apart but I do believe the journey, change of climate, and all, would do you a great deal of good, and I do sincerely hope you will come next July the C.E. convention of the U.S. meets at Minneapolis and I hope that will bring some from the east whom I shall be glad to see – Give love to your Mother Henry.  [XXXXX] Mother Hill & all the dear friends


[Page 8]


[To: Mrs Henry Hill, Williamsburg, Mass.]


Macalester Park

St. Paul July 17, 1891


My dear Mary;


Ever since last Tuesday P.M. I have been trying to find time to write to you and tell you how glad I am that you asked Rev. Mr. Snyder to call here for I did enjoy his call very much.  I not only found him very pleasant and agreeable, but it was also so pleasant to hear the Wmsburg news.  I thought after he went that he would think me very inquisitive for he can hardly realize how interested I feel in every one. even if it has been some time since we left there.  I was particularly

[Page 9]


interested in hearing about the religious interest there has been in W- and feel so rejoiced to hear of S. James’ conversion I do hope it may be the means of interesting H. S.  I did not know until Mr. S told me that H.S.J. had a shock that had left him enfeebled  When I was in W – four years ago. he had a slight attack of something of the kind.  I do wonder how a person could bear the thought of death which must seem imminent. and feel that they were not saved.  Of course I do not know but that Mr. J. is a Christian.  I only know that he has never made a profession of it.  I felt sad to hear that Edith was no better and that the probability was, that she never will be.  I haven’t heard from Fannie since


[Page 10]


she went to W – and so had heard nothing of all this.  I wish Mr Snyder could have taken dinner with us, but he thought it would make him late in M –


Why didn’t you and Henry come out to the C.E. Convention?  I thought if it often and wondered if you would feel able to take such a journey.  I do hope you will come some time, although, we live in the suburbs, it is an easy matter to go any where now we have the electric road so near us. one block away  When we went to the C. E. meetings we took this line into St. Paul and there got a transfer to the Minneapolis line and went to the exposition b’ld’g (where the meetings were held) for ten cts. and only had two blocks to walk in all the distance.


[Page 11]


Two weeks ago we had a visit from my cousins, Mr. and Mrs S.D. Potter from Enfield Mass. – we enjoyed it very much, they had been out to Omaha to see their son.  I think we have been quite fortunate in having seen so many of our eastern friends.  I presume that Fannie told you that Ruth expects to come out next month or in Sept. in her last letter she said she sometimes thought it might be better for her to defer her visit for one year.  I do hope she will not for I have made plans for her coming now.


Mr. Hunt’s father is very feeble and they feel afraid that he can live but a short time so Arthur feels that he may be sent for at any time.  A - has not been at all well for some


[Page 12]


time.  The Dr. pronounced the trouble a kidney affection and said he would have to be very careful.  He came home today at noon feeling very ill, but an important church business meeting has taken him out to night I protested, but he felt anxious to be present as the question involves the calling of a pastor.  We are somewhat in debt, so have depended upon supply from Sunday to Sunday of the college Profs. or some of the ministers who have come to Minn. for health.  We have had the very best of preaching and are quite unfitted for such a pastor as we can afford to pay for.  There are several ministers living here. and three weeks ago, there were five ministers in the congregation. beside


[Page 13]


college professors.  When they talk about getting a young man right from the Sem. I wonder if he could stand the experience.  My nearest neighbors are very pleasant people; he is a minister who has come here for his health from Kansas and to educate his sons.  He will have three sons enter Coll. this Sept.  The house was built by and for one of the Profs. in the college who has since died and it has been vacant for a long time and I am so glad to have it occupied once more.


A few weeks ago I rec’d the gazette you sent me for which I want to thank you I always look first for the Wmsburg items and often find names that I am not familiar with.  Yesterday was my birthday.  I do not believe


[Page 14]


that I am forty four years old, but shall have to when I know I was born July 16, 1847.  This is your birth month too.  I wonder if you are one, two, or three years younger.  I am sure I don’t know. but almost [XXXXX] that you are forty too.  Aren’t we just rushing through life?  and I do feel as if my life amounts to so little in the way of being helpful to others either by deed or example. That reminds me of the comforting little poem by Mrs. Herrick Johnson “A voice in the twilight” have you read it?  What busy lives we housekeepers have, every week I think well next week I shall surely have more leisure but each week seems to bring its work and just now it is making jellies. canning etc, etc.  


[Page 15]


I have a woman come in to do washing, most of the ironing, and all of the rough work. and then I do all the rest myself. and feel very thankful that I am able to for I almost know that such help as some have, would drive me distracted.  We have had a great deal of rain this Summer so everything in the way of vegetation is looking finely.


George is the happy posessor of a new pony.  He earned the money for it, and has full care of it, rides it whenever he pleases.  It has not been broken to harness yet as it is only two and one half years old. but he has a nice saddle.  G – also is much interested in blooded poultry keeps S. & Wyandottes and brown leghorns sells eggs for $1.50 a sitting and has paid $3.50 for one sitting out of which nine hatched.  He enjoys the care 


[Page 16]


of them. and never neglects them but gives them the first & best attention in all the little details he has sixty young chicks and about twenty old ones.  I believe he has sold some, so I can hardly keep track of them.


Walter cares less for pets but has a bicycle that he enjoys. and that does not need any especial care. He has taken latin out of school this past winter and now is ready to enter the second year at the college.  He passed a splendid examination for the high school, in June.  He will be fourteen next month.  They are both taller than I am.  G – fully a head I do hope you are feeling much better.  My love to your mother, Henry and Myra, also much for yourself from your friend


Mrs. George A.  E. S. G. Hunt


[Page 17]


NoHampton Oct 9/91


“Mr. Hill.”


“Dear Sir.”


When Abbie went away from here, She owed us $1000 for board and said She would write to you in regard to it instructing you to pay us the money.  As we have not heard a word since, I write you for information.


It would be a great accommodation to us, to get the money.  Please ans    


[Page 18]


and oblidge


Respectfully Yours

James W Hillman

No 16 Walnut St.



[Page 19]


Lawrence Aug 26, 1893


My dear Friend


I think you will be interested to hear from us now we have gotten over the anxiety and care we passed through and to know that Emma and I have spent our first day so lone and lonely, as we shall henceforth be.  Father, Ruth and her daughter Ruth, a most lovable child nearly seven years old came to attend Annies wedding Ruth only remaining ten days as she left an inexperienced girl at home, but who did so well we are sure she might have staid longer.  Father came two weeks before but went away yesterday much to our regret, but he prom-


[Written on page margin]


[Unreadable] 5 ½ years old cried because he wanted to [unreadable] he said, of course he wouldn’t answer that -  was sorry to hear of Henry’s accident.  How is he now? much better I hope – love to you each from Emma and myself

Affly F.M.G.  


[Page 20]


ised next time he came to spend the winter with us.  He is in Worcester, and Saturday he starts for Batavia.  I may join him to go there too, but cannot tell as it all depends upon whether Emma goes to Chicago with friends the first of Sept – or if she goes to the Provinces with a friend, she will decide in a day or so now.  We had such a good visit with father, mentally he is well as ever, but physicaly he cannot endure any great exertion, like walking etc.  I can see he fails in that way very much.  When I last wrote to you, I beleive I told you Annie might not be married until Sept.  Well after the head surgeons return, he thought best for Dr Kirkwood to take his vacation


[Written on margin of page]


[XXXXX] Ruth. & she told him he might next time, “Will anybody get married then


[Page 21]


in August before any of the under docters had theirs so as Annie was all ready it made no difference only taking her from us, a few weeks sooner.


Everything passed off smoothly and easily and the evening was all that could be desired, quite in contrast with any Thursday since as we have had some very hot weather.


Dr Kirkwood reached here early Monday morning so we had time to get well acquainted.


We are much pleased with him from acquaintance and reputation  He is rather quiet but very gentlemanly and dignified and it seemed strange to me to entertain him in our home after a formal acquaintance in Saint Paul. for he


[Page 22]


little thought I had a little sister in Mass’ who was to be his wife when he was located in his chosen profession.  He had since asked why I didn’t tell him about her, for he then “would have cultivated my acquaintance dilligently.”  Annie looked lovely as a bride, in a white silk striped dress (not Challre) and he in a handsome full dress suit


She carried a handsome bouquet of brides roses, Maiden hair fern, and asparagus vine tied with white ribbon.


She wore on her neck a wedding gift of an elegant pendant which could be worn as a brooch, several rows of small pearls set in gold points a double row of these points, filled with these pearls and


[Page 23]


a diamond in the center. This was suspended from a slender chain, with her white gloves and white slippers she looked very pretty all said.  She carried a beautiful lace bordered h’d’k’f a wedding gift from Minneapolis.  Myra may like to know of her presents so if you wont think me tedious I will tell you of them as I can recall.  In the line of sterling silver she had 1 doz teaspoons Louis XV style, ½ doz plain with a spray of golden rod, in gold on the handle, lovely, ½ doz of a lovely design from a classmate of the Dr’s Three handsome souvenier teaspoons Seven A D. Coffee spoons different patterns  Three tablespoons, a very heavy ladle, two elegant cream spoons, one sugar spoon, an elegant lite a tea set from the under doctors and nurses in the hospital.  Two handsome


[Page 24]


sugar tongs of silver and gold. 1 bon bon spoon silver and gold. an elegant vegatable spoon. a meat fork a strawberry fork.


In plated ware a handsome pudding dish or for soup. with a large handsome monogram on the cover.  1 doz sterling inlaid knives and 1 doz forks.  Another doz each of knives and forks, and one doz teaspoons.  1 sugar spoon 1 cake, or ice cream knife ½ doz fruit knives a handsome cake basket, or can used for fruit – 4 salt [cellars[ gold lined and spoons for each.  A celluloid perpetual calendar in a silver frame,, a gold thimble –


[Page 25]


a check for $25, with other money, given, making $60 in all.  A Royal Worcester plate or handsome parlor table ornament.  1 R.W Vase, and two other imported vases from Austria I believe a very unique rose jar imported ware – for which I have saved the rose place she carried, and of those we wore, & of all the others we had, and the sweet pear little Ruth carried.


I thought the associations would be dearer to Annie than any than any she could collect in the future.  A cut glass dish from the head Surgeon & his wife, Dr & Mrs Courtney. She also gave him a beautiful paid of sleve buttons.  A beautiful book of etchings very


[Page 26]


large.  60 in all.  The “George Elliott Portfolio” 1 Silver banquet lamp a water color picture. landscape a California Redwood Panel – with the California Poppy painted on it, both peculiar to C. painted by a lady who has an exhibit of C. wild flowers at the Worlds Fair. a Mick Reeves, a fine artist


A feather fan or screen rather made of the head & breast of a fawn colored dove, and the wings or tail feathers for a background from Dakota a set of three books from our pastor and three other books, not forgetting your gift and Myra’s as well.


Two A D Coffee cups & saucers – a china plate-cup, saucer, butter plate, and napkin ring, all of china.  Nice for an invalid -  A lacquered Tray – a very fine embroidered handkerchief – and at least five or six persons are to send their gifts to her. as they did not get them ready before.  I think this completed the list – as I recall them now.  You may think I have used too many adjectives in my description – We were much shocked to read of Minnie [XXXXX] death in the paper you sent


[Page 27]


Lawrence Dec 28, ‘93


My dear Friend


Ever since my return home it has been my intention to write to you, but the time has been so full in one way and another, that I cannot realize that December is so nearly gone and of course that means the closing eve of the year 1893.


However I will write you now, if only to thank you for your lovely Christmas gift to me – The mats or doileys are very pretty       


[Written on margins of page]


Many thanks for the several papers.  Will Myra stay at home next term. 


recently given by Mrs. Custer. General Custer’s widow  She’s charming, the next will be by Geo W Cable next [week].  Is the young man Evalina is engaged “one of the boys” in Bigelow & Kennards in Boston, is she to be married soon?


From Emma and me Very much love, to Henry, your mother, Myra and yourself and again many thanks.  Abbey [H] W.G.


[Page 28]


and dainty and I thank you very much for them


Christmas day out of doors was not at all pleasant and for Emma and me it was a quiet day, and we did miss Annie so much.


We received some very useful as well as ornamental gifts.


Mine were an opera glass a shopping bag, a lovely silver teaspoon, some silver hairpins, a book “America’s Wonderlands” with more than five hundred photographs in it.  A china plate or placque with Whittiers birthplace painted on it


[Page 29]


an embroidered handkerchief


We received a yellow silk lamp shade trimmed with lace for our banquet lamp.


Also three bowls, for cooking.  Emma received a number of nice gifts, as usual.


She did go to Chicago the last day of August. Was in C. two weeks, then went to Saint Paul for two weeks, she went back to Chicago for one week, to finish.  She went from here with friends, a gentleman and lady, While in C. after a few days, she called on some friends, and they made her go to their house for the rest of the time.  as they have a nice home on Michigan Ave’



[Page 30]


it was delightful for her.


Meanwhile I was visiting in Batavia, Fairport Niagara Falls, Lewielon and Olean, and had a fine time.  While in Olean my cousin and her husband from Denver came.  Mr and Mrs Tiller, he is a prominent lawyer there and a brother of Senator H. M. Tiller


I never saw any one Lady have so many elegant diamonds and other jewelry as she has.  Several thousand dollars worth I should judge.  Father went with me and we had a nice time at his only surviving brothers and at a nephew’s.  Father has been very ill with a grippe cold and an asthmatic trouble, is gaining now.  Ruth has a nice home and three of the best of children


Annie is very happy in her new life.  She was in St Paul while Emma was there as E. could not spend the time to go to Brainerd which is 126 miles beyond St Paul.  We attended a lecture


[Page 31]


Lawrence Feb 7, 1894


My Dear Friend –


I have just finished a letter to Annie, and now one to you will be next in order.  I find I already have several to be answered, ahead of me, so I have resolved to set myself about meeting all such obligations.


Many thanks for the several papers you have sent.  I was much interested in reading about Evalina wedding also of Effie S Layers, and Henry Wrights. I haven’t yet recovered from the latters engagement,


Confidentially, that does seem such an unsuitable match.  Henry is so fine and Annette so blunt and abrupt. 


[Page 32]


to say nothing of the disparity in ages.  But most of all, I do think it a great pity for Henry to forsake his mother, or at least It looks like it to me, especially as she has cared for him all these years, now in her declining years to forsake her and leave her oft John’s hands, on whom she has no legal claim.


Perhaps Annette expects to have her live with them but I ‘m inclined to doubt it very much indeed, knowing her as well as I do.


It is a very easy matter for me to criticize. other people doings, which is sometimes unjust but in this case, it seems to me that anyone would feel that his first duty was to his mother as he seems to be the only


[Page 33]


one of his own family who could do and care for her – as, if his life is spared, he had his life before him – not so with his mother.


Now I do not know how the Hill family feel about it, but I am sure if it is as I think, they must feel as if John has been imposed upon in a very selfish way.


Pardon me if I have given expression to my feelings too freely.


It is very easy for one to say what they would do, or what one’s duty is, or should be, if they were in that persons place, whom they are criticizing.  That is I judge others by myself, but it seems to me his, [XXXXX] sense aged mother and widowed , has a claim upon him, as she has upon no one else – Was’nt it very


[Page 34]


strange for Annette to have a church wedding when she is supposed to be in mourning?


Has she worn black for her father?  Did’nt he die the first of October instead of six months ago?


Now I guess I’ve commented freely enough on their affairs.


Emma and I attended a large home wedding in [Methuen] since our return home.  There was a perfect crush as three hundred invitations were issued.


However we had a pleasant time, and since have been invited there to see the presents which were numerous and lovely and which we could only catch a glimpse of at the wedding.  We are having some very cold weather


[Page 35]


with good sleighing but a warm day would probably spoil it, as it soon wears out or disappears in a city.  Father was Seventy five years old the twenty first of January.


Mother would have been seventy three January ninth.  Only think she was only fifty eight at the time of her death


Once that seemed so old.  Father is quite well again.  He has recently subscribed for the Weekly Gazette with the Cosmopolitan for us.  I notice in the paper received this morning notice of Dea’ Stearns death


Don’t you wonder what she will do.  I suppose Mrs Hubbard


[Page 36]


has lived with them.


Is Myra at home now?  You spoke of her having Emerson’s essays at Christmas time.


Emma has them – not very light reading or calculated to keep a drowsy person awake.


I presume you know I rode with Mrs Tilton from Springfield to Palmer on my return home.


She did’nt look a day older than when we lived in Williamsburg.


I presume she thought I looked rather disarranged for besides riding all night I had to change cars in Albany, Pittsfield and Springfield, instead of going straight through to Boston.  The reason for it was delay in reaching


[Page 37]


Albany, caused by the heavy travel to and from Chicago


From Albany a special engine and a baggage and passenger car took four of us women, one man and a boy to Pittsfield, after midnight.  Quite an accomodation, but annoying just the same.


We received Evalina’s announcement cards.  Tell Genevera we condole with her in the loss of her sister and tell her she has much to be thankful for that she will not have to part with another sister as we did in little more than one year.


Did Lottie attend the wedding?  I have many times wondered what she would do


[Page 38]


if such an occasion should occur or if death entered the family.  Dont you suppose she feels dreadfully as she thinks of the mistakes in her life?


We receive long letters from Annie each week.  She seems very happy, has a great many callers, and socially is very busy.


Their pastor was a former Lowell man.


She also belongs to a ladies club with Mrs Courtney the head Surgeons wife, and a lady formerly from Lowell is their teacher or leader.  She is a very literary and cultivated person.  So no matter how far one goes from home, they are quite sure to find some one from a place near by.  Excuse this lengthy letter and write me about everything and everybody.  Love to Your Mother, Henry Myra and yourself from Emma & me, Abby Fannie


[Page 39]


Lawrence Jan 1, 1895


Dear Mary


Your Christmas gifts to Emma and I were duly received and should have had an earlier acknowledgement.


We thank you very much for the pretty things you sent – we shall find them useful as well as ornamental.


Emma is very busy now as it is stock taking time, and she wished me to say that if she did not find time today to write you


[Page 40]


a note, she would do so as soon as she could


This is a most delightful day, for the beginning of a New Year – bright, sunny, just cold enough to make good sleighing


How strange it seems to write 1895.


Does it seem possible that five more short years will close up this Century –


But I will not moralize as it is natural for us to do more especially at this season, or the


[Page 41]


first day of a New Year!


I trust Christmas day passed pleasantly with you all and that Santa Claus was generous with each one.  I had a nice Oriental rug, a cashmere, a pair of nice black kid gloves, a silver pin or brooch, Two emb’ handkerchiefs, a silver teaspoon, and Emma and I were given a handsome head rest, tray cloth, a book Dream Life by “J K Marvel” and some


[Page 42]

photographs of friends.


My Aunt who left Belchertown in August did not get to Chicago until the very last of Oct, and the day before Thanksgiving was taken sick, so a Dr had to be called, and he pronounced her trouble to be a cancer at the opening of the bladder, and at that time he said she could live but a very short time as he saw symptoms of blood poisoin but she did rally, and now tho’ feeble – seems


[Page 43]


likily to live some time –


She was eighty years old last April, and must have a powerful vitality to endure what she has.


Last May she was very sick, and the Dr feared a shock, and he saw no chance for her recovery – so Mr William Holland went there from Brooklyn in answer to a summons from her Dr. and I too went and staid a week and much to our surprise she rallied quickly –


That sickness may have been the result of this trouble – or that may


[Page 44]


have, and probably did develop this trouble, and may have saved her life then, only to prolong it, and wear her out, by pain and suffering


My Uncle and Aunt from Niagara Falls went to Florida last week for the winter


They write back, how warm and pleasant it is there.  Flowers in bloom and windows wide open Etc.  What ailed Mr Frank Clapp, I first saw his death in a Boston paper.


We had a very pleasant call from Mr & Mrs Spelman lately, we enjoyed it very much  Much love to you each one and hoping to hear from you soon I am


Yours sincerely Fannie


[Page 45]


West Duluth

Feb 12, 1895


My Dear Mrs Hill –


I am afraid you think I do not appreciate your kindness and thoughtfulness to me in sending me papers and my beautiful Xmas present.  I assure you I cannot express my feelings as I would like, I do certainly thank you most heartily for all you do for me  It does seem good to know that some of my old friends remember me out here in the far west  We have had a very pleasant winter up to Xmas but after that we have had some bitter cold weather 38 below zero.  It has


[Page 46]


moderated some this week.


I read the papers you send me and enjoy hearing from the East.  How sad it is when children cannot agree.  It must be hard for that dear old lady in her last days to see her children act so.  Has her reason left her so that she knows nothing of it?  How is Myra now?  I hope she is strong and well again and your Mother does she keep well?  Does Mrs Graves keep house alone?  Is Mrs Hawks as busy as ever in W.C.of U. work?  Is Mrs Thayer still living in Williamsburg?


How does church work prosper?


If you had such a time as some of these western churches have, you would surely call it up hill work.  When you have a church built up, and in good working order, and


[Page 47]


feel pretty well satisfied, Perhaps half of them have no work and are obliged to move out of town in order to get something to do and of course the church suffers.  Then we must begin again.  Our Missionary Superintendant visited our church not long ago and he said that since last time he was here about a year ago, that the audience had changed so that he saw but a few of the faces he saw when here then.


I am training the Mission Band for an entertainment to be given on (22nd) W. Birthday and I expect some of the girls here this after noon so will have to close hoping to hear from you soon.


Love from all to all of your family


Your Friend


Mary Price


[Page 48]


213 W. 81st St.

New York, N. Y.

13 Jan. ’96.


Dear Madam: -


Your favor of the 10th inst, is received, and I am under many obligations for your kindness and trouble.  I trace my lineage [three] ways back to Richard and Ruth [Morton] of [Nethersfield, Conn, afterwards of Hatfield, Mass.  Richard had a son Ebenezer who had a son Elisha born/ April 1717, and died 13 February, 1/93.  Elisha married (I do not know who) and had a daughter Lydia who married, 15 October, 1780, & Abraham Billings of Whately, and probably Anne who married, 16 July, 1787 Joshua Belding of Whately, Abraham Billing’s daughter Lacy was my grandmother – having married my Grandfather William Morton of Hatfield, and her brother Abraham married my grandfather’s sister Sophia Morton.  This is all I know of Elisha Morton.  He evidently did not live in Hatfield, and yet my grand-uncle, Israel Morton, of Hatfield, had access to some private records for he furnished me the date of Elisha’s death, said it was from a private family record, and that my great-great grandmother Lydia Billings was a daughter of Elisha, son


[Page 49]


of Ebenezer Morton, brother of my Ancester Jonathan, youngest son of Richard and Ruth.


My notes are pretty full for most all the branches of the family, and about ready for publication, but I am anxious to include every descendant of Richard and Ruth, who bear the name, and particularly so of the descendants of this Elisha, I found some years ago what you give me of your Elisha, in the history of Goshen, and I have strong hopes that your Elisha may have been a son of this Ancester of mine, and I feel certain that careful inquiry will find that some of your relatives may have some family record that goes back another generation, showing who were the parents of your Elisha.  If it does not show him to be a son of my Elisha, it may that he was a son of some one else of whom I have records running back many generations, and I sincerely trust you will get all of your cousins interested in hunting up and sending me your family record that it may be collated and preserved for the information not only of the


[Page 50]


 present but future generations.  Strangers seem to think I am a “green-goods” man, or working some confidence game, but will respond more cheerfully and promptly to requests from nearer relatives.  Hence my earnest appeal to you.


I have the lineage of Gov. Levi P. Morton, Straight, back to long before his ancestor, George Morton, came to Plymouth Colony,  Indeed, aided in getting information for his family book, It is a position believed by many of our tribe – descendants of Richard & Ruth – that Richard was a son of George, son of the George mentioned above, for I have never found the record proof, and therefore never assert positively that he is a kinsman by Morton blood – though the families are connected by inter-marriages, and there is one of ours named Levi Parsons Morton in Northampton, named after the same man (Levi Parsons) kinsman to both.


Phineas is another name that obtained in several families and generations of our tribe, which is another point that may be evidence of your Elisha being of our tribe.


My correspondence is enormous on this subject, and I trust you will pardon this disjointed letter, as I have


[Page 51]

no time for deliberate writing – or revision  Thanking you for your kindness and trouble this far, and hoping you will try and get all the Mortons near you interested in this work, I am


Faithfully Yours

Chas Morton,

Capt, &c.


Mrs. M. S. M. Hill,

Williamsburg, Mass.


Elisha son of Eben & Sarah April 1 – 1716

Ebenezer son of Rich & Ruth Aug 11 1682


[Page 52]


Iowa Falls

Dec 26 1896


My Dear Mrs Hill –


You have heaped coals of fire on my head.  I told Mr Price several weeks ago that I must write to Mrs Hill I have not heard from her for an age I did not know who owed the letter but I felt like hearing from you We received your package and our presents and how we do appreciate them but we do appreciate the kind and thoughtful action of so dear a friend I have been busy helping with Christmas exercises  We had a short program and a tree I am glad it is over I was well remembered by ladies of church


[Page 53]


Bertram is home for two weeks and we enjoy having him with us.  Mr Price went away to day to be gone over Sunday we will have no services to morrow He has gone to dedicate a church  We had Fisk Jubilee Singers last night Christmas  We made about ($35) thirty five dollars for Choir fund  We have two paid singers tenor & bass in choir and this money is to pay them.  Is your daughter home?


We have communion first Sunday in year, we expect a about twelve to unite Ethel and Bert are among the number.


How is your health now?


I suppose you still have same minister.  The Columbian Society of our church have put in


[Page 54]


electric lights in parsonage about four weeks ago.  we enjoy them very much  They have done much to beautify the house this year.  I am beginning to feel old now as my son graduates in June Ethel is growing very fast – she plays the piano very nicely  We have a very fine instrument I suppose Philip. James is through going to school  Is [Mrs] Graves well and still living there and your Mother & Mother Hill How is Miss Hattie Nash?  I would like to drop in and see the folks once more but I am afraid that Mr Price is becoming Westernized and will stay out here We enjoy the people here  They are very kind and do not


[Page 55]    


as yet want us to go  They think Mr Price will not stay as he is capable of filling a larger pulpit so they tell us but they are going to hold on as long as they can & I do not want to boast but he is very popular He preaches without notes of any kind and they enjoy it so much I hope you will excuse this letter of self praise.  I do not indulge in it often as I do not like it, but as dear friends I know how you will take it.  I would not write to anyone else like that.  Accept our love with a Happy New Year


Your Friend As Ever,

Mary Price


Our presents are lovely


[Page 56]


[To:  Mrs. Henry Hill, Williamsburg, Mass.]


[Postmark:  St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 2, q899].


New Year’s Eve

Macalester Park


My dear Mary:


I really do not deserve to have friends and much less receive lovely gifts from them – When I am so remiss in writing!


The fact is I have felt overwhelmed with matters that have put letter writing entirely one side – For all this I am none the less appreciative of the kindness that prompted you to send


[Page 57]


me such a lovely present and it represents so much work that it makes the trifle I sent [XXXXX] seem like nothing – but for [XXXXX] measure the love by the gift will you?


The spread is lovely and I have been wondering if it were not too dainty to be in actual use – I have one square table that it will just fit, but I am going to wait until spring before using it, until furnace dust is less and then it will be a constant reminder of you and your work – I am sorry to hear that you are not feeling stronger and better.  You will certainly have to have a change of air.  Do you remember our cousins in Eufield the Shearers?  Aunt Ruth and cousin Syman have both died since we left W – and Syman’s wife Frances have left Eufield and went to Binghamton N. Y. to live – She spent two mos. with us – Aug. & Sept.  We enjoyed having her here very much and she seemed to be very happy here – She made my home headquarters and visited Annie from here – Annie’s little son was four years old yesterday 31st.  He is a real boy, with a full share of the old Adam, but very bright & cunning and in a fair way to be spoiled I fear.


I am sorry to hear of Walter Thayer’s business troubles but have always felt that Walter lacked self respect or


[Page 58]


something necessary to success  Is Edith pretty well now?  and where does she live?


George is out in No. Dakota went out last May for the summer and likes so well that he is staying for a year anyway He is on a large stock ranch owned and managed by two young men from Pittsburg, Pa – college graduates, and evidently fine young men.  They believe in having all the comforts of life if they are isolated, and have books – musical instruments (including a piano) latest magazines etc, etc.


Walter is a junior at the State University and doing finely.  We are all well and have much to be thankful for -  This is only an acknowledgement – Will write a letter soon, Give much love to your Mother also to Henry & Myra – with the same for yourself -  Affly – Ella


[Page 59]


Palmyra Ill Mar 6th 1902


My Dear Cousin


Your paper of the 26th with account of Aunts death at hand; I cannot say that I was surprised, and yet I was; knowing something of her age.  I had thought I might hear this news any time; I realize how you will miss her, as she has been a care, to you; and a burden, also; which I I think, has been a burden of love; on account of the fact that she was the care of your dear mother which responsibility was


[Page 60]


thrust upon you in you young life by having to give up your mother, how fortunate for Auntie she had such a kind faithful one to watch over and care for her in her declining years as you her dutiful child for I know she had a mothers love for you.  I think we can only feel it a blessing that God has seen fit to call her home for like Paul she could say I have finished my course I feel to rejoice that God is making heaven so dear to us by taking our loved ones to himself we would not call


[Page 61]

back none to to our arms that are gone firth; we would call back none to light our dwellings, whose going firth was as the setting sun; we call back no treasures taken to please God, we only remember they have gone and that we shall surely go after them & we desire to hold them in such remembrance that we may follow hard after them and in the way they found victory, find our victory too.


What a comfort it is to think of the redeemed; to think Heaven is so rich fir them Praising God  This Sanctified Church in


[Page 62]


in heaven.  “May God bless these ministrations of His providence to our good, and may the things that seem to break us down, lift us up, is my prayer.


We are all about as well as usual I have trouble yet with my head I cant get any permanent relief.  Do you ever see Aunt Sarah? I suppose she is quite feeble as she too is getting along in years.  I will close.


With Love to your papa and yourself


Lovingly Allie Chiles


[Page 63]


Palmyra Ill Apr 14 – 1910


Miss Myra Hill


My Dear Cousin


You no doubt will be surprised to hear from me but I have been thinking I would love to hear from the loved ones in old Mass and therefore I write to you asking you if it is not to much trouble to write me about all of them since Clara Bond died and your mother I have not heard from any one,


[Page 64]


so you see by this time I am getting anxious to hear.  I am quite well fir a woman of my age I will be 64 my next Birthday which will be in August  My Son Fred and his family are all well his two girls Helen and Myra are both in school and learn very fast we think them both quite bright for their age Ida my daughter is clerking in a store yet. her husband Herbert Hollingsworth is a carpenter


What a lovely spring we are having vegetation is progressing finely we are using Lettuce out of our garden I have 25 young chicks so you see if nothing happens I will soon have some fries  We have had to mow our Lawn as the grass was getting so high  Well Myra what are you doing now days and how are you and your father getting along?  I hope God has been good and kind in giving you health and in sparing your lives


[Page 65


I feel that I have much to be grateful for my prayer is that I may have a truly thankful heart for all the benefits which I am daily and hourely receiving from my Fathers bountiful hand Will close as I guess I have told you perhaps more about me and mine than you may care to hear.  How is Ellen Jenkins and family?  I close with much love to you and your father


Allie Chiles


[Page 1]


[Envelope addressed to Mr Hiram Hill Williamsburg Mass]


[Page 2]


A. Backus dept

36 00 Dollar for Braking

3.75 for [Apl] [XXXXX]

Total 39.75


For lumber for

Corn Crib 26.00

For Well – 6.00

For Hog-yard 8.00

Total 40.00


Rent – 2 years 50.00

[Ice] – 3 – [XXXXX] – 75.00

Total 1,25.00


[Page 3]


Boston May 22


Mr Hill,


Dear Sir


It is some time since I have heard any thing respecting the Little Boy you took from the Home just 15 years ago I write now to know how he is getting a long  The Manajers of the Institution are anxious to hear from every Child that has been placed from our Home since the commencement, if you will please inform us how Henry is doing the Manajers want to know how many are really doing well of those who have been placed out in families What their prospects is now


[Page 4]


and what it would, or may have been had they not have been care for by some Institution  If you will please answer this as soon as convenient we should like to hear from as many as possible before Monday next.


Yours in haste

A L Gwynne


If there is any thing you think would be interesting for the Manajers to know we would be much obliged to you for.




[Page 5]


[Envelope from Temporary Home for the Destitute,

No. 24, Kneeland Street, Boston


Addressed to Hiram Hill Esqr




[Page 6]


Irvington, N. J. June 30th.


Dear Mrs. Hill, -


I have not been unmindful of my promise to write to you, though I have been rather slow in fulfilling it.  Each day brings its duties & cares which cannot be postponed; & letters of friendship, we all know, can be.  My time, or more properly my strength, is so fully occupied that I have little opportunity for writing, however pleasant that might be.


Thus far I have no reason to regret coming here, & I hope I shall no


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I find I have written this very poorly, but trust that weariness is sufficient excuse.


J. H. B.


[Page 7]

Everything is pleasant & cheerful, the children are all happy & harmonious.  Perhaps it is quite as well for me to be with very young people, as I am not tempted to talk of my own affairs & consequently am less inclined to mental depression.  I go to church & prayer meeting, usually, & have the society of a sister of Mr. Underwood occasionally; - they live only a short distance away.  Bessie, the eldest daughter, is a very bright girl of fifteen, & is quite a companion for me.  She is studying botany & is doing very nicely, is getting so that she analyzes by herself quite readily.  I often think of Myra & wish I could have had the pleasure of teaching her – she is an apt scholar.


[Page 8]


This is a very busy season for us at this house, for fruit is very plenty & its demands are imperative.  I am doing quite a little canning – not for myself, of course.  It seems such a pity that I cannot do a little for myself, as I shall miss the Williamsburg berries entirely. 


How utterly tired I am each day, probably you, & many who are not blessed with a great amount of strength, can imagine.  I could not describe.


But night brings rest, and daily strength is given.  My evening prayer is for rest & sleep.  My morning prayer for strength for this one day.”  And we only have to live one day at a time.


I have never verbally thanked 


[Page 9]


you for the little cluster of “forget-me-nots” that you sent me last Christmas.


You cannot know what a source of comfort it has been to me.  Six months have passed, & six times I have read the little book through, but the promises (forget-me-nots) are just as precious & fresh as ever.  It seems as though nothing else you could have sent me would proven quite so good as this.


I have no news concerning the absent portion of my family.  Though I receive a letter weekly, my knowledge is a blank.  I have no ground for expecting anything in that quarter. 


Please remember me kindly to Mr. Hill & Myra.


Sincerely your friend,

J. H. Beman.


[Box 100]


[Page 10]


West Worthington Nov 12th


Mr Hiram Hill


Dear sir


Willie informs me that there has been a mistake in setting his Fathers Grave stone, they have placed it at the head of Mrs Sprague Grave, I wish you would have them move it as quick as possible, as Mr Sprague intends to take his wifes remains to Stockbridge this fall, i should not like to have them mistaken and take my Husband, you will please inform me if you had money Enough to pay the Expenses i wish you to have pay for all your trouble, i know I have made you a great deal of


[Page 11]


trouble And sometimes i feel as if i could not be thankful Enough to you for your kindness to me in my sad Afflicition,  i shall ever [feel] to remember you and your wife let my lot be cast wherever it will; i feel to thank my Heavenly Father for all my kind friends may his Blessing ever rest upon you and yours.


Willie Also informs me that I can draw that from the smiths charrity if you will please draw it and send it to me i should like it, you will please send it in a registered letter & send it in small bills as i cannot get it changed here please take your pay for your trouble and also for the letter; i would come over if i could, i have written


[Page 12]


you and order i dont know as i have written it right i have had nothing to do with Any buisness for A long time,  If you should have Any from the relief fund to send me you can sent it in a check on Pittsfield Bank as i shall plase the mony in the saveings Bank there,


Mother and All the family join in sending love to you and wife


Yours with respest


Martha B Adams

West Worthington Mass


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Mrs Adams about Smith Charitee


[Page 13]


Charles Clarke



31st Mass. Vols. [XXXXX] Depot

Nov. 1st. New Orleans La.


Friend Mary,


Your welcome letter arrived yesterday, and I thank you for being so prompt on replying to mine.  I will try and do the same by you.  For you know “we must do as we would be done by.”  I am glad to hear that all are well and so happily situated.  You have had a siege of the toothache!  then you know how to sympathise with me.  A few days ago I had it very bad and my face was swelled up like a chipmunk’s.  I could not eat, or sleep, or do anything else for a couple of days.  I am feeling pretty well now and am getting as fat as I wish.  The coarse food we get here agrees with me.


[Page 14]


about the album.  I am glad you have determined to keep it and I like the way you have fixed the fly-leaf.


I hope we shall always remain friends we should not let any little action or word, or jealousy cause any bitter feelings between us.  I fear that some things that Ida may do or say, may cause some to feel hard toward me, but I hope not.  I have always regretted that she was so easily led to quarrel with her companions.  I have often talked with her about it – and I pray that her heart may be changed and that she may becom a true devoted christian.  When she gets a little older and has seen a little more of the world, she will see the folly of it, and will be a different person.  I think you can do a good deal towards keeping her from attending the dances that are coming off in W.  I do not wish her to attend them and if she persists she shall leave W. and all my friends.


[Page 15]


never to return.  Mary, if you are my friend use every endeavor to keep her from them and you will greatly oblidge me, and you will be doing your duty as a christian


I recieved a letter from Julius yesterday and shall answer it soon.  Meanwhile give him my love.  I am expecting a letter from brother Landerson  He promised to write to me if I remember rightly.


Yesterday we were mustered for pay which we expect to get in a week or two days.  It has been a long time since I have been paid and some “green backs” will be very welcome.  As soon as I am paid I intend to get some photographs taken, and will send you one, and if I have a spare one would like to exchange with Jennie.  I would write to her occasionaly if I knew she would like it.  I do not like to force my poor letters on any one, but if she says she would like to hear from me I will do my best to oblidge her.  Last week I


give my regards to Mr Sanderson your mother 


[Page 16]


had a letter from [Lora] which I answered the same day.  Saturday 2 companies of our regiment went up the river about 105 miles to do picket duty, and some think some more are going away soon.  I hope to remain here all winter, as is so good to be able to attend church.  I have been every Sabbath since I have been here and I am hoping I shall be able to attend many more.  To day is a great day among the catholics.  All saints day.  They spend their time in their cemeteries praying for the souls of the dead buried there, they burn wax candles on their tombs and hang up beautiful flowers and wreaths.  It is a very pretty custom but of course looks very foolish to us.  We are having rainy weather now, winter is just setting in  We have plenty of time to write and large piles of letters go to the office every day  We like to get letters and of course we must not be remiss in writing.  If a mail comes and we do not get any letters, it makes us feel pretty disconsolate for a little while.


I thank you for your good letter, and hope to hear from you again soon.


from your friend   C. H. Clarke.


[Page 17]


Mr Hill


Will you let Mrs Williams have her money this morning as Gertrude is going to Northampton and she would like it to use.  Also send me down $10.00 as I have got to get me a Spring dress and Hat and shall go in to Northampton this morning to get them  Will you please send it by the boy as it will save me from coming after it and oblige.


Abbie Hillman


[Page 18]


Mr John G. Peabody Dr.


To One-half of [XXXXX] $1.00

“ One discharge .50

“ Recording “ . 25

“ Expense in going to B ---- to get said discharge signed 1.25

Total $3.00


[Page 19]


[Envelope addressed to

Hiram Hill Esq




[Page 20]


[Envelope addressed to

Hiram Hill Esq




[Page 21]


[Envelope addressed to

Hiram Hill Esq –




[Page 22]


[Envelope addressed to

Hiram Hill Esq




[Page 23]


[Envelope addressed to

Hiram Hill Esq.




[Page 24]


[Envelope addressed to

Hiram Hill Esq




Abstract of title

Backus & [XXXXX]

[XXXXX] Deed


[Page 25]


[Envelope addressed to

Hiram Hill Esq




[Pages 26 through 33 not transcribed]


[Page 34]


[XXXXX] is that the 8 lots are equivalent to 16 city lots of 50 x 117 & at #100 a piece is equal to the judgement & that is all he can do – He says he will have all he can do to pay up back taxs – If after taking a good look ovr this impromising field you say “go ahead” I will then try to have him at least add the court & attorney expenses but in this I may fail – Am real sorry that after so long a delay I can offer no better feast, but if you could hear him talk about his willingness to do for you more than [for] anyone else & his perfect poverty he could persuade even you into a believe in his generosity – He talks about his wifes property but he has none of his own – The large


[Top margin of page]


My opinion is that the claim is worthless & that all you get is [so] much gained as nothing can be made out of the parties & if  [XXXXX] should go into bankrupcy the judgement would fall – It is a mystery to Riggs that he dont do so – perhaps he cant [XXXXX] hard enough


[Page 35]


farm you visited they lost in a suit & were [mulched] into five thousand dol damages for distroying timber – this loss I am told fell on Henry – The Henry Estate is as big a mystery here as with you – His widow is teaching school at her house which also is mortgaged –


Enclosed find certificate of assignment of Policy which [XXXXX] the same as the Policy on which the assigment appears – I send the receipt instead of the policy because we sometime want to inspect it if you still prefer the policy I will send it – I have this day paid my taxes or else I would remit with this it straps me but will send next week it may possibly be one or two days after the first as business is dull just now – Mail is closing so must stop short




[Page 36]  


up the chapman creek which would go in sight of our place probably not over 1 mile  It has been rather dry for wheat this winter in our immediate vicinity it looks verry well the country is filling up verry fast where ever there is any chance for a man to live it is being taken Mr Prices wheat looks as well as any around here and [XXXXX] fair to make a good crop he got his return bill from you for the money he sent


[Page 37]


[Jessie] is learning verry fast he is Now fifteen years old he rather seems to want to go into a store I would rather have him stay with me on the farm  But I have noticed that all boys have certain Notions for future life which i never thought best to urge against too hard if it is an honerable calling


My Respects yourself and family


A Backus


[Page 38]


Know all men by these presents that I Hiram Hill of Williamsburgh in the County of Hampshire and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, gentleman, am held and firmly bound unto Joshua Crosby of said Williamsburgh, Manufacturer, in the sum of four hundred dollars to be paid to the said Joshua Crosby his executors, administrators or assigns, - to which payment well and truly to be made I bind myself my heirs, executors and administrators, and every of thence firmly by these presents.


Sealed with my seal and dated the twenty ninth day of March in the year of our Lord one Thousand eight hundred and fifty three


The condition of this obligation is such that whereas the said Joshua Crosby has on the day of the date hereof bought of said Hiram Hill a certain tract or parcel of land situated in said Williamsburgh and bounded and described as follows, vis: Beginning by the highway, by the land of the heirs of Theophilus Bodman deceased, then South 6º West, to a stone wall – thence – Easterly by said stone wall to the land of the heirs of Levi Hitchcock deceased – thence – Northerly by the land of the said Levi Hitchcock deceased heirs, to the land of the heirs of Theophilus Bodman


[Page 39]


deceased, - thence – Westerly – by the land of the heirs of Theophilus Bodman deceased to the first mentioned corner at the aforesaid highway – and containing eight acres of land be the same more or less and being the same piece of land that Benjamin K. Baker sold to Henry [XXXXX] see his deed Recorded in Book 146, Page 399. – and also the same piece of land that said Hiram Hill bought of said Henry [XXXXX] the above named sale is for the sum of two hundred dollars for which the said Joshua Crosby has given his two notes payable to the said Hiram Hill or order – for value received – of one hundred dollars, cash – One of said Notes payable in one year from the date hereof  with interest – the other payable in two years, from the date hereof with interest annually – said Joshua Crosby to pay all assessments and taxes on said premises and to have the improvement and occupation of the same – and, if after the payment of said notes and assessments and taxes as above named, - upon the reasonable request of said Joshua Crosby the said Hiram Hill shall make execute and deliver to the said Joshua Crosby his heirs and assigns a good and sufficient deed of warranty of said premises – then this obligation to be paid otherwise to remain in full force and [XXXXX]


Signed sealed and delivered the day and year herein before named


Hiram Hill


In the presence of

 [XXXXX] Clapp

Erther Clghorn


[Page 40]




Hiram Hill


Joshua Crosby


[Page 41]


claim if you want to pay it –


Long is going down into the Seneca County – and is anxious, so he says to get away.  In regard to taxes, I cant find a list of your lots which once had, & therefore cant give you the amt. of your tax.  Your K.Av. Lot is taxed as follows for Gen. Purposes $3.38 for Schools $1.35 -- = $$4.73  The Blocks in the addition that are unimproved are taxed as follows for Gen purposes $2.03 for schools .81 = $2.84 The other lots have a tax of from 5 to 10 cents i.e. the unimproved lots -  Improved lots the tax is higher.  There is assessed on K. Avenue a tax, for grading $40. to the lot, a separate matter.  No one has yet paid the tax and am of the opinion it won’t be paid, nor an attempt to collect it.


[Page 42]


P. S.  The Parkville road is going to be completed but how soon is not determined.  Their Engineer has not got the estimates made out –


Wm McNeill Clough told me yesterday that there is a Contractor waiting who says he will take it & complete the grading in 90 days.


I am glad you get our paper – The Ed. had been directing to Williamsburg Maine, when on his book it was plain “Mass”


Please write me about the long


[Page 43]


Mr. Guthrie desires me to write you a few words for him.  He says he is more in need of money than ever in his life before, and, that if you will send him $400, he will receipt to you in full of all claims & demands & give you a deed of your lots &c – He desires me to say to you that the Company are now prepared or will be prepared in a few weeks at most to make deeds - - Now I have no word of advice to give you in regard to what Mr G. claims you owe him.  That the company are about ready to give deeds I suppose to be true and intended to have mentioned the fact in my letter proper – They procured an act to be passed at the last legislature, empowering the survivor or survivors of a partnership to close up or make deeds of property.  They are preparing a form for deeds to get blanks printed and


[Page 44]


I am persuaded will make deeds soon – Mr Chapin has sent to Mr Simpson for him to send a Power of attorney to the Gov to convey –


I shall be very glad to see you out here at any time.  I am glad that you remembered Mr Storr, It is hard to get him his salary, & ten dollars from you is acceptable.  Mr S. is an enterprising Citizin, besides being a good Minister – He has built him a good house, & cleared up one of those Blocks in good style – an example for others to follow – Mr Bottom continues in your house & will remain till he builds one for himself, unless I should rent it to some one else, & he be obliged to leave – The Town Company have sold the Saw Mill to Messrs [Totten] & Co. gents from Lawrence & they are [XXXXX] to start some kind of manufacturing business in it – Again, Yours Truly Chadwick


[Page 45]


I paid Long, but did it very grudingly, I felt that you had been very much imposed upon in that claim purchase.  He thinks, or at least claims that he is very innocent of doing any wrong, or intending any.  There is a good deal of good cottonwood timber on the claim, & it may by & by, in the event of the completion of the Parkville R. R. & other roads, become very valuable.  I cant yet but believe, not withstanding, all the pull-backs & discouragements, that is to be a bright future for Quindaro -; I think Leavenworth has lost comparatively as much as Quindaro, & has no brighter prospects for the future.


Majors Russell & Waddell, have left there with their business, and the principal Express starts from St. Joe, as also the Iowy Express -  lots of houses are tenantless there, and all in all, it looks like a town a good deal dilapidated.


Unless the Delaware treaty is ratified, & is made particularly to benefit Leavenworth, they have no more to lean upon than we have, and in my opinion not as much.


[Page 46]


The Parkville road must be built, & it cannot otherwise than help us --.

Mr Bottom is in your house yet, & is not much disposed to move.  He says however, that he cannot afford to pay more than $50. per year for the future, and that if he cannot rent it for that sum he will move out of it.  There are several houses standing empty, and should Mr Bottom leave, I dont believe another opportunity to rent would occur this summer or fall.


There is due from Mr Bottom now for rent $34.00 which he promises to pay soon.  Rev. Mr Storrs was much pleased with your kind remembrance of him, & I too, am glad that you are disposed to help us along in paying for our preaching.  It is very hard now to do enough to buy our provisions, & the prospect now is that there will be a scarcity of it raised in the territory.  The drought of last winter; this Spring & Summer has spoiled the wheat & oat crops, it is likely to injure the corn.  It is very dry – I hope to hear from you again soon -.  Respect. Yours Chas Chadwick


[Page 47]


Mr. Hiram Hill

of Williamsburg Mass


Dear Sir


I have just received ten dollars of Mr[Fullers] [Mr Fuller] has changed the partition and in Co; with another man has opened a [porvision] store in the front end – and I think they will pay up prompt – and Mr Fuller promise on the old [serve] – and I hope it he will pay.  I shall put down an upper floor in the Kitchen at Mrs Hards tomorrow, and then I shall present hur bill, what shall I do with money, I shall receive – I am very well indeed now and shall attend to business, better than I have done –


Mrs Jones will tell you about


[Page 48]


Dr [Ruhmeins] Land [Float] and its creation -  We have nothing to fear from that I do not see anything that can disterb the [city] matters at present.  Dr Prentiss and family have arrived all well and happy.


I have sold the two Lots which you did not conclude to take I send you a deed ready to sign.  Lumber is in great demand – business is good –


The Hold is not done – we hope to get the Capital here --. Good Lots are in good demand


I am very sorry that your Brother is so ill.  I hope the cold weather will revive him.


You ought to send his son to Kansas.  My Brothers health is


[Page 49]


much better than it was


Mr Lam is now East for money to build a church he is having some success.


[XXXXX note], church, is lett and the foundation are about being laid


Boats will run on the Missouri River, as late as Dec first.


My Brother came up the Missouri River –


I shall write a letter to your Sabbath school in a week or two –


My best regards to all y friends – S. N. Simpson 


[Page 50]


of purchasing a lot on [XXXXX] among others – we [XXXXX] your ½ of 33 and No 46 -.  If you are desirious of selling either of these lots will you please write to us by return mail – stating your price cash down – for the ½ of 33 and for the whole of No 46 --,.


We have not yet heard from the Dft of $180.43/100 which we sent you May 2d. have you recd it?


By giving the above your earliest attention – you will much oblige


Yours truly

Simspon Brother


[Page 51]


to you out of the Float.  The book in which they were is burned.  We can make you a Deed we think by the time your letter reaches us.


Can we get an extension of one year on the $800. – note we gave you, at 6%.  We hope by another year to be able to make our money matters square again.


Judge Carpenter in whose hands the note was, has refused to make any endorsement of interest on the note, on the strength of your receipt.


We hope to hear from you soon.


Yours truly


Simpson Bros.


You will readily see by our writing that good pens are scarse


[Page 52]


Hiram Hill Testimony in the case of Gurthrie & Hill in the Spring of 1857 I purchased one Share and one Lot in the Town or City, so Caled, of Quindaro Kansas Teretery of one Abalard Gurthrie, who was one of three or four who owned the Town or City and Constituted the Company Said Gurthrie was one of the principal Manigers of the affairs of Saw Co.  I was to pay him Sixteen Hundred Dollars and erect a Building Costing not [less] than one Thousand dollars on Lot 21 Kansas Avenue – I paid him twelve Hundred dollars and Erected a Building Costing over three Thousand dollars on said lot – before I made the purchase Mr Gurthrie told me that they the Company were a going to gread the Levee up and down the River from R to O Street


[Page 53]


and grade those Streets as far as Main Street and they were going to Grade Kansas Avenue clear through the City Limitts and they had got the funds to do the same – [summer – the Grades to be made [XXXXX] – and Said Gurthry further Said they had got Twenty thousand dollars to build a Breakwater on the opesite side of the River - [between] Quindaro & Parkvill to throw the water this side so as to give them a permanant Landing for Boats - -


All of which he or the Company have failed to do – in Conseqens of the failure to do as he agreed my property is comparatively worthless – I would further Testify that Said Gurthie promised to give me a good title which he has never done nor could do and I would further testify that in 1859 I offered to give up any claim [XXXXX] had on the Share Rather than have any


[Page 54]


further trouble about the matter to Mr Gurthrie if he would Release me – in the winter of of 1860 he wrote me he would do so – I Cannot Sware that I wrote him I would do it but I wrote to Mr. Chadwick, who made the writing, between Gurthry and me and who held the bond or whateer writing thare was or is between us – to settle the matter with him – in the Winter or Spring of 1861 Gurthrie wrote me again for money I wrote to Mr Chadwick about it he wrote me he was Surprised as he Supposed it was Settled


Guthrie case


[Page 55]


Abelard Guthrie &

Jesse Cooper


Hiram Hill


The plaintiff states that in the month of April 1857, the said Abelard Guthrie sold to said Hiram Hill one share No 475, in the city of Quindaro embracing lots No 71 Levee. 62.64 S.27.29 C. 155.157 F. 109.107/111 E. st. & also lot No. 21 on Kansas Avenue in said city for the sum of $1600 - $1200 of the purchase money was paid at the date of said sale, & the balance, four hundred dollars was to be paid on the 1st day of June A.D. 1857: And the said Guthrie then and there executed & delivered to said defendant a title bond for a deed of said premises, when deeds could be given by the Quindaro Company, who laid out or platted the city of Quindaro – The plaintiff further states that on the 31st day of March A.D. 1858 the said Guthrie collected of a Mrs Coon sixty dollars for the defendant which he applied upon said demand.  This plaintiff further states that in the year 1857, the defendant erected a house on the lot no. 21 Kansas Avenue. & immediately left the State of Kansas, & is now & has been since the year 1858 a non-resident of the State of Kansas & Wyandott County.


The plaintiff further states that the said Guthrie has long since offered a deed to the said defendant, if he would pay the balance due for the purchase price of said property, and has urged the defendant to pay the said balance now due for the purchase of said property.  The sum of three hundred & forty dollars besides the interest from the time the same was payable.


[Page 56]


But the said defendant refuses to do anything about said property, or to pay the balance due for said purchase, or to accept a deed as was agreed.  And the said town company of Quindaro, have long since been ready & willing to deed to all persons the lots belonging to them.


And the said Guthrie on the 13th day of August assigned said debt and demand against said Hiram Hill to Jesse Cooper for collection, to pay certain debts due D. A. Bartlett’s widow & to the late firm of Cooper & Bartlett & to the firm of CoopersStockton, amounting to $375. & the bal. when collected to be pd. by said Cooper to said Guthrie.  And the plaintiffs state that the said sum of $340. now due & owing as aforesaid besides the interest is for the purchase money of the property before described, and that the only security the plaintiffs have for said sum & interest is a vendors lien upon said property for the purchase price.  Wherefore the plaintiffs pray judgment against the defendant for the said sum of $340& interest on $400. from June 1857 to March 1858, on $340. from Mch. 31. 1858 & his costs, and that the said property be ordered to be sold in satisfaction of the plaintiffs lien for the purchase price of said property.


Jesse Cooper Atty &c.


[Page 57]


District Court Wyandott County

Abelard Guthrie &

Jesse Cooper Plffs


Hiram Hill Deft.




I The defendant Hiram Hill answering the petition herein admits the purchase of Share No 475 in the city of Quindaro, and lot no. 21 on Kansas Avenue in said city of the plaintiff Abelard Guthrie, in April 1857, for the sum of $1600, of which sum, $1200 was paid at the time; and that he took from said Guthrie a bond for a deed for the said share & lot.  That the balance of said money was to be paid on the first day of June 1857, provided the said plaintiff could then give this defendant a good & perfect title to said share and lot, and not otherwise.


And the said defendant alleges that the said Guthrie could not on said 1st day of June 1857, nor has he been able since then to make, or obtain from the said Quindaro Company, to this defendant, such title.


II  And the said defendant for a further answer to the said petition states, that at the time he purchased the said share and lot of said plaintiff Guthrie, Kansas Avenue in said city upon which the said lot is situated, was ungraded and unworked.  That said Avenue was intended to be, and when properly graded or worked would be the principal street in said city, it


[Page 58]


being laid out from the steamboat landing on the Missouri river, south, to the south line of the city.  That the said street passed over a high hill or bluff, and in its then condition was not suitable or useful as a highway; and said lot no. 21, was inaccessible and unavailable.  That at the time of the purchase aforesaid , the said Abelard Guthrie was one of the members of the company who laid out the said city of Quindaro, and resided there, and was one of the principal managers of the affairs of the said company.  That said Guthrie to induce this defendant to  purchase the said share and lot 21, falsely and fraudulently represented, among other false and fraudulent representations, that the said company, by their articles of agreement, were bound to grade said Kansas Avenue, so as to make it a street easily to be traveled up and down, & by the said lot no 21, and to make it the principal street of the said city; and that said lot by such grading would be accessible and of great value; that said Quindaro Company had sufficient funds on hand which were especially appropriated to that purpose – and that said Avenue would be so graded on or before the 1st day of September A.D. 1857 -


This defendant believing such representations to be true, was thereby induced to make said purchase, and to erect and he did erect on said lot No 21, a house at the cost of one thousand dollars, pursuant to his said agreement.  That said lot, in expectation that grading would be done & completed within the


[Page 59]


time aforesaid was the principal inducement to make said purchase, and was regarded of greater value than said share, and would have been of greater value had said Avenue been graded, as it was represented it would be.


The defendant further states, that the said Quindaro Company, at the time the said representations were so made as aforesaid had no funds on hand with which to grade said Avenue, which could not be diverted to any other purpose; nor had the said company, any funds applicable to said grading:  All of which the said Guthrie well knew.  That the said Avenue was not graded and made useful as a street by said first day of September 1857, nor has it since, been so graded, nor have the said company any means to grade the same.  That for want of paid grading, said Avenue is impassable and said lot No 21, inaccessible and valuless.


III  The defendant for a further answer says that on or about the     day of      A.D. 1857, Joel Walker, one of the members of the said Quindaro town company, died, leaving him surviving Maria Walker, Justin Walker, Ida E. Walker & Everitt Walker his children and heirs at law.  All being infants under eighteen years of age & leaving no other issue.  That by reason of the death of said Joel Walker & the said infant heirs him surviving, the said company were incapacitated, and rendered unable to make deeds conveying the title to shares or lots in said city to the several purchasers thereof, nor has the said company, or the said Guthrie since then been able to make deeds conveying such title;


[Page 60]


and the defendant alleges, that said company and said Guthrie, are not able, nor is either of them able to make to this defendant a title to said share and lot; And this defendant denies that said Guthrie ever tendered a deed to said defendant conveying such title.


IV  And the said defendant for a further answer to said plaintiffs petition says, that after the agreement in the said petition mentioned, for the purchase of said share and lot was executed, and after the building of the house on said lot No 21, in pursuance of said agreement, but before the commencement of the plaintiffs action herein, to wit on or about the 13th day of January 1860, another agreement in writing was made & completed between the said Abelard Guthrie and this defendant, to this effect, to wit:  Said Guthrie agreed, in consideration of the amount due from the said defendant on the agreement for the purchase of said share and lot in said petition mentioned, and in consideration of the amount already paid & expended by the defendant, to take back & receive from this defendant said Share No. 475:  And the said defendant agreed to relinquish and did thereby relinquish to said Guthrie, all of his right, title claim and interest, of in and to said share, to the said plaintiff Abelard Guthrie, & the said Guthrie accepted the same in full satisfaction of the amount due on said bond.


Cobb & Chadwick Attys

For Deft –


[Page 61]


Lawrence Aug 27th [XXXXX]


Mr. Hill


I am now in possession of your building – the Expence incurred in making the alteration in the old building amounts to one hundred Doll. – I would now Direct your attention to the fact that since you left, most all the buildings on this street have been painted or marbled – Yours alone stands neglected, which is not only injurious to the lumber but is certainly no ornament to the place – progressive Lawrence   


Sir, I hope you will immediately sent instructions to your agent to have it tended to.


I oblige you

Jas. [S] Sands


[Page 62]


Quindaro [XXXXX] 3 [XXXXX]


Well Mr

Hill yours was received & also one from home too days ago.  my folks rote that it is with some difficult that you sent my letter, wish you had [so riten XXXXX] before it [XXXXX] them [this soon.]  I bege leave to bexcuse for what I have done & will try to do better, you wish to have me write when Simpson [XXXXX] here, in return mail, (happy to do so in this ) he arrived here yesterday about noon I went to Larance soon, not staying here long.  I under stand he says that he will remain he [XXXXX] with [XXXXX].  He is coming down to morrow to stop.


[Page 63]


I did not have a chance to say any thing to him about any of thoes Lambs but shall do so when he comes down.


I under stand thare has been some threts made when Simpson comes back. he is here but what they will do I cannot tell yet  Guthrie is down on him weather he has good reasons for it, it is more than I know no doubt what he may have some. but regard to that matter I shall no more about by & by.  Mr Hill on the other page you will find a bill of Expenses ought to of sent them before but have been busy & could not get time to look the mater up 


[Page 64]


Expenses of Store


Stone wall cost $421,80

[Greland & McCiske job 1124,00

One [thousand pert of fine] 45,00

Steum Mill Co Bill 68,58

[XXX]an’t at sundry times, &c. &c. 29,7

Shepard :& Henry’s Bill 21,60

What Paint Cost 13,75


Total $1727,38


I have work 83 ½ & [XXXXX] amount $250,50

makeing in all 1978,98

besides the plastering.  What that will cost I do not know yet it is all finish but the plaster & myself I have a little trouble & I do not know how it will come out, for the he done me is not half done & I have paid him all ready 160 Dollars for the work I should of paid about three Hundred had it


[Page 65]


been done in a workman like manner.  I do not intend to pay him mutch more but may be oblige to.


The building is rented Mrs Anderson haves the Stone part [for] a dweling this winter without the shelves in it & pays 25 per month for the use of it I have rented the other part to B[XXXX] for eather 50 or 55 have not decided the price yet [XXXXX] that will be alittle better than I expected when I [XXXXX] you in my [XXXXX].


I will write [soon] when I have a chance to see Simpson I beg leave you will excuse thiss & you will find me in [XXXXX] the [XXXXX]


A. C. Martin


[Page 66]


The party making the deed (Mr Hill) must go before the judge or the clerk of some court of Record and acknowledge the Location of the deed.  Let the clerk sign his name and affix the Seal of the court Fill in the name of the State and County where the acknowledgement is taken – also the necessary dates


[Page 67]


Mr Hill, Enclosed you find a ded to Mr Stubs as he says you men to give him, [Searls] says it is all wright & you know all about it Stubs is in great hurry to get it so u can forward it immediately if it is all [XXXXX[ there is nothing new about the Titles in west Lawrence the news from Washington is look upon here favourable and the people are incouraged


Respctfully your

N [XXXX] [Paden]


[Page 68]


came in this morning and out of a peck of eggs – she had seven chicking.  the pigs are doing well.  Frank Rhodes if going down to Vineland or som where down that way.  Aunt [Trorilla]

is home sick eneugh. and if she could get som money. I shoulant be surprised to see her here any time.  We are keeping up some of our cows. It has been such cold wether that the grass has not grown much latly.  we are keeping three of them besides the new milks cow, and our other two.  3 quarts a piece twice a day. thats what Uncle Otis says, so you see we have som thing to do to make and


[Page 69]


and take care of them all, but I am getting so nervous I guess Ill stop, we all well as usal and hope you are.  Denis work very faithfully & so does Bell, at least as well as can be expected of our hired girls.  Give my Respects to the Simpson & Bro. and every other little negro on the shed, tell them I am an abolishonist, and go in for the freed mans tool chest or any other man thats got money.  Write soon


Your Son



P.S. the old cat hatched last night. six young ones, so says Bell she take a great intrest in cats you know.  mother sends love.  so does Bell.


[Page 70]


[Not transcribed.]


[Page 71]


C.B. – Cow Barn formally our Meat House.  C. Old Cellar the side this May has fallen in some 3H’s Hay Stacks – W. M. Johns water melon patch  C.F. J’s corn field.  The Shop is where they lived on 1st coming to this county Built by J & E.  C. Barn, a fine Cover Barn built by J. will hold 1000 B C.B. the Old Cover Barn we left  I sold that for $5.00 the other day to E. no use to this place having two  C. H. Crank House occupied by – Smeltzer & Co.  J.P. Jim Parkers O.P. old man Parker C.P.Chas Page These places will fall to me. I suppose our old Hen House has disappeared.


I think you had better throw away that Picture of yours for it represents this Place under false pretenses & you may be liable to prosecution, for the same, I didn’t know but what you would like to know how things look so I thought I would scratch off my thoughts on paper, a little.  seeing that I have nothing else to do Nov 23 as it rains, also rained yesterday  we engaged Mr [Senate] to do our surveying marked last Saturday & a half a day Monday then he had to go to town on some other bus. & we have not seen him since owing to the rainy weather I suppose 4 P.M.  Mr S. just arrived raining very hard  24 we tried to find the corners [XXXXX] 40 acres but were not at all


[Page 72]


successful in finding anything having been cut down most probably Sunday 25 Elk river [XXXXX] about 15 ft. rise a good part of it [backed] up by Kananha which was very high I will try & send you a Chas-Gazette containing the latest news  the next time I go to town which will be on Friday I guess.  Monday got up half past five done a good many chores & got over to Cubillsville half past 7. by the time I reached there it was raining as usual quite hard. about 11

Messr. S & D came & in the Afternoon Mr Cabell & all of us settled on a line between us & him. as Mr [XXXXX] run it, which brings the line onto Mr C. fields considerable of course he grumbled a good deal but he saw I suppose that we meant Bus - & he decided to accept the line so much all right   Tuesday 27th we finished surveying around our Land – Mr S. is just the best man we could have got to do our surveying, very correct.  Wednesday 28th a cool & cloudy day Mr S. had to go home this morning to attend circuit court, be back some time next week.  I worked in the a.m.  In the P.M.  2 oclock finds me at J’s Store he is at dinner just now at Mr Cabells his Store looks about as all other [XXXXX] Country Store’s would I think, a few Dry Goods & groceries knickknacks &.c, this is right in the Oil Belt & he expects [XXXXX] things sometime  The Oil Well is down some 530 ft & they are going to pumping Oil in a few days. 

[They’ve struck XXXXXXXXXXXX] say but just how much cant tell as yet. a very good show.  Mr Cabell is very much elated at the prospect.  the well is on his Land you know  Thurs 29th.  Thanksgiving PM have thought of my friends in Williamsburg a great deal today they don’t celebrate the day here very much I shelled corn all day it has been the coldest day we’ve had.  snow has been flying right smart awful windy since the rise Friday a Cold [XXXXX] day I expected to go to Town today but it was so blustering that I concluded not to go but E went as usual & brot. Back your letter & 2 papers which we could have had a week ago if it had not been

for E’s going to Town one day earlier Last week Mr Joel [Inurriol] is Clerk of Courts instead of Mr Slack I shant get to send you the Gazette as I expected to.  today rec’d four letters & papers

Sat – Dec. 1 Cold! took it into my head to go to Town today so here am I at the Cap-Book Store walked down just for a change.  I don’t get a chance to see any body on Elk so I have to come to the City once in a while.  all well at Julia’s


from your son



(Mrs Irwin is in the Livery Business).


P.S. If you cant pick this out send it back.


[Page 73]


my Dear Husband I have much anxiety about your stay in Kansas may you be kept from all harm, do try to arrange your business and come home as soon as possible I do not much expect you to accompany me home for I think that I had better go soon have been here 3 weeks wednesday were it not for Arthur I should be contented here but feel that he ought to be in school he makes me much trouble is so uneasy cant keep him in the house, he took cold last week allmost had the croup got bad cold myself being up with him was fevering took [XXXXX] [and] some medican am well now


I [do not] to go home alone  Arthur is afraid says he shant go home untill Fathe comes but I think that I can go, Edmunds will go with me to [Venenna], we must trust the same kind hand that has kept us thus far hopeing that we may all be brought again to our happy home in safety with hearts of gratitude for preserving care


[Page 74]


[Not transcribed]


[Page 75]


Maps & Description of Missouri Land


[Page 76]


Quindaro Aug 15 [XXXXX]


Mr Hill


Sir one more I resume my pen to pen a few lines to you.


Our building I intended to have [scrube] for occupancy next week but shall hafto wait one week longer it takes a good whill to [do] any thing ther.  I spoke of renting it for 7 [XXXXX] per year, but find myself doing little better than that.  The third story I have rented for [XXXXX] per month I think I can rent the reast soon I [XXXXX] think it best to put shelves in at present for I think it will pay this fall & it will be better without them I then to have then in.


I [XXXXX] to get 20 for one 25 for the [XXXXX] per month from some one that some place & shelters his head for thare is considerable a call for [XXXXX] I doubt I [XXXXX] find a occupant for the rest the Gentleman that haves the upper room will take the wholl.  Mr Hill thare has not been mutch [XXXXX] here for a week pass excepting another stone house has been contracted for.


[Page 77]


The Company have given up the idea of getting the Ferry Boat without [XXXXX] will take [XXXXX] amount of stock.


The Boat is all done & ready to be brout on providing they can rais money enough to get it.


Thare has not been one thing yet that the Company have here as they agreed to [XXXXX] & seam to hang back in every thing (but I supose they are being as fast as possible.) 


Mr Hill the other 2 hundred we owe Mr Guthrine I do not think it write to pay till they do something as they agred to do so I shall wait till you asure out write.  When that will be


[A,] [XXXXX]


[Page 78]


Reserved Lots in Share 5

H Hill


Indiana St. 79.

Arkansas St. 60.

Missouri St. 169.

Maine  209

Alabama 215


[Page 79]


Reserved Lots in west Lawrence


[Page 80]


1 Cow of Orly Hill 23.00

1 Cow of Stockwell 23.00

1 Cow of Damen 20.00

1 Cow of [Kathane] Damen 24.00

1 Cow of Day 26.00

Total $116.00


1 Cow of Jathern Damen 22.00

2 Cows of Noah Woolcott 44.00

1 Cows of G. Wright 32.00

1 Cow of ilnathen Phelps 20.00

2 Cows of M I Bruce 44.00

Total $278.00


43 Sheep H. Hill $150.00

19. Sheep Capt Parsons 80.00

24. Stephen Meekin 75.00

Total $315.00



Total $824.00


Dene Richard 47.00

4 Steers 3 yars old 100

3 Steers 2 years old 51


4 Hieffers 2 years old 60.00

4 Hieffers 2 small 48.00

3 – one year old 25.00

3 Calvs 15.00

1 ]XXXXX] 2 Hieffr

1-3 year old Stud poney [XXXXX]

Total $391


1 Bull 12

Total $403


Total 28 head

5 Sold 70

Total 23 head

Total $331.00


[Page 81]


July 25

Claghorn 1.33

Adams 1.33

John Welch 1.00

Lewis Welch 1.25

James Welch 1.00

John Murphy 1.25

H Hill 1.00

J. Hall 2.41





John Welch

Lewis Welch

James Welch

John Murphy

Orly Hill

H Hall





John Welch

Lewis Welch

James Welch

John Murphy

H Hill

O. Y. Hill

H. Hall


[Page 82]


Williamsburg December 17 1860

Caleb S. Pratt Es

Messrs Clark & Brothers


Got your [XXXXX] came duely to hand [requesting] a price on my interest in lot 33 Mass. St in answer would say that I am not situation to sell at present I sold an individual half to S. N. Simpson and have a morgage of same and the [XXXXX] of that morgage has ben Broken and unless fulfilled soon I shall take steps to have the matter put in to shape to dispose of itt 


I would prefer to Rent it for a term of years which perhaps you could accomplish satisfactorily with my agents thare Simpson Brothers with this agreement that the [XXXXX] of the time agreed upon that if we could not agree upon a longer time then we should be under obligation to take like Building at the apprised of [Disinterd] men if we could not agree


[Page 83]


Lot No 32 old Cincinati House} 84 ft Boards 2.10

86 ft Joist 1.60

15 lb of Nails 90

2 ½ Day Labour 5.00

Total $9.60


Lot No 37 [Opposit] ([XXXXX] House)   218 ft Joist 5.45

80 ft Plant 2.00

170 ft Plank 4.40

300 ft Plank 7.50

3 ½ Days Labour 7.00

3 Rods to support

6 Bolts [XXXXX]

Total $31.70

23 lb of Nail 1.38

Total $33.08


Lot No 46 Neus [XXXXX] [Baker]  920 ft Plank & Joist 23.00

25 lb of Nails 1.50

3 ¼ Days Labour 6.50

Total $31.00

1 Load Stone .75

Total 31.75

[XXXXX] 50

Total 32.25





Total 74.93


Gary W. Iland

Total 73.43


[Page 84]


Geo. W. Hunts Bill


[Page 85]

West Lawrence Lots & Block


Mishigan St. 34=66=114=130=174=192=212 [XXXXX] Lots 7

Arkansas –39=105=155=171=38=72=112=134=174  9

Missouri – 28-64=82=104=135=151=175=185=194=207=213=169  11

Main  41=45=55=76=115=155=172=176=204  9

Alabama  42=68=105=116=161=180=190=212=215  9

Illinois 26=42=57=73=153=177=209  7


Missisipi  51=70=84  3

Indianna 33=71  2

Pinkney 77=82=86  3

Eleiot  70=67=98=6  4


Total 64


Block  26

Lot 1

Block 15

Lot 6

Block 2

Lot 1

Block 21

Lot 6

Block 1

Lot 3

Block 21

(1/2 3)


150 x 250


[Page 86]


Lots in West Lawrence  $104.54 [XXXXX] West Lawrence


[Page 87]




Hiram Hill

In ac with Simpson Bros.


Nov 10 To Cash [pair Haul] 7.00

“ 12  “  “  “  “  7.28

“ 15  “  “  Chimney Repairs N Cin House 10.00

“  “  “  “  Plastering &c ------- 4.00

“ 22 “  “  “ Dryage of Lumber .50

“ 26 “  “  “  Iron rods for [XXXXX] House 5.35

“ 22 “ “ 1852 feet Lumber $Walls  46.30

Dec 1  “  “  No moving privy & nails  3.62

“  9  “  “  “ 2 Repairing Stairs &c N Cin.  1.00

“  19 “  “  “ County School &c taxes 36.80

Feb 23 “  “  “  Republican  2.00

 “  “  “  “  “  [unreadable] order 20.00

Nov 7.  “  “  “  [got] on sidewalk [w Huseh] 1.00

Mar 8 “  “  “  DW  & Exchange 88.88

“  “  “  Amt not chgd as per your bill 233.73

“ 27  “ 10% of $595.26 collected – not yet chgd  59.52

Total 293.25


Leash pd for chimney in Sands 10.55

Total $303.80


Total amt charged to Hill which does not appear in his account

Amt. allowed in Mr. Hills account which h sent by Mr. Stark 805.94

Total amt. due as by Mr. Hill $1109.74


Mr Brown took up his platform after learning that the owners had the walks [XXXXX] and Mr Huseh refused to put them down for $50 – so we hired him by the day and got the Lumber.


Simpson Bros –


[Page 88]


Amount due [XXXXX] as to Hiram Hill as per his account sent by Mr. stark $1039.92


Less amount not yet collected of Mr Sands   30.00

Total 1009.92


Add amount collected of Roberts to Mar. 8/60  106.50

Total $1116.42


Amount now due Mr.Hill $6.68

Total $1109.74

Amt brot up $1109.74


E H E.


Simpson Bros




Total 1176.42


[Page 89]


By-laws of The Invincibles.

Lodge No 151


Article 1st Meeting


(Sec 1st)  The regular meeting of this Lodge shall be held on Tuesday Evening of each week and shall commence a 7 oclk from Oct. 1st to May 1st and from May 1st to Oct 1st at 8 oclk


(Sec 2d)  No regular session shall continue later than ten (10) oclock, except by a vote of the Lodge


(Sec 3d)  When special Meetings are called in accordance with Art 6th, Sec 1st of the Constitution no business shall be transacted except such as is specified in the call.


Article 2d Membership


(Sec 1st)  Propositions for membership shall be in accordance with sec 2d, Article 3d of the Constitution, and no person shall be proposed for membership under the age of fifteen (15) years.  The proposition shall contain the name in full, age, residence, and if a male his ocupation, with the name of two well known members of good standing in the order fer reference.


(Sec 2d)  The W.S. shall notify, inwriting, all Candidates who may be elected, and the Election of such Candidates – as fail to appear for Initiation within six weeks after such notification shall be void.


(Sec 3d)  It shall be the duty of every member to furnish the Investigating Committee with any information he, or she, may possess in relation to the proposition for membership referred to them


[Page 90]


and the members of the Committee shall never divulge the name of any person who shall furnish them with information unfavorable to a Candidate.


(Sec 4th)  Should the Committee find cause, or the Proposer, or friends of the Candidate desire it, the report may, by consent of the Lodge, be postponed any definite length of time, not exceeding one month.


Article 3d Fees & Dues


(Sec 1st)  The fee for Initiation shall be, for Gentlemen, one dollar ($1.00) Ladies, fifty cents (.50¢) and for admission by card, one half that amount

(Sec 2d)  This Lodge shall not admit persons to membership, without charging the usual fee, but may by vote, in deserving cases remit the amount so paid.


(Sec 3rd)  The quarterly dues shall be, for brothers 50 cts for Sisters 25 cents.


Sec 4th)  Every member to whom a withdrawal card is voted shall pay therefor the sum of 25 cents and every member who shall take a travelling card shall pay for the same the sum of 25 cents in addition to the dues, advanced for the time for which it is granted, and the card fee in either case shall be paid at the time of making the application.


(Sec 5th)  The fee for each Degree shall be fifty cents


Article 4th Funds.


(Sec 1st)  The funds of this Lodge shall be used for defraying the necessary expenses of the Lodge to pay the Taxes levied by the Grand Lodge, and to promote the cause of Temperance.


(Sec 2d)  No money shall be appropriated or used for other purposes than those mentioned in


[Page 91]


Sec 1st of this Article, unless two-thirds of all the members present, at a regular meeting of this Lodge, vote to do so, nor shall any money be paid except by a vote of the Lodge on the order of the W.C.T. or W.S.


Article 5th Offences


(Sec 1st)  Any Officer failing to answer to his name at Roll Call shall be fined not less than ten cts unless he, or She, have a reasonable excuse


(Sec 2d)  Members who shall refuse to watch with the sick, on the night which shall fall to them, as directed in Art 7th Sec 4th of these Bylaws, when notified of the fact, by the committee of the sick, shall pay a fine of Brother’s fifty Ct (50ct) and Sisters Twenty five (25 cts) for each night of refusal unless they furnish a substitute.


(Sec 3rd)  All fines if not paid at the time and no excuse is given satisfactory to the Lodge shall be charged by the W.F.S. to the member from whom due and shall stand against said member as regular dues and must be liquidated to entitle him to the privilege of voting or the Pass word, and no fine shall be remitted except by a vote of the Lodge.


(Sec 4th)  Any member of the Lodge who shall be guilty of divulging the name of another who may speak against a candidate for initiation, or if any member make public, any business or transaction of this Lodge which ought to be kept private – said member shall be reprimanded fined, suspended, or expelled, as the Lodge may direct, and if fined, the fine shall no case exceed three dollars.


[Page 92]


Sec 5th)  Any member of this Lodge who shall reply to, or notice any question regarding the business pass-words, signs, or other private work of the Order from any one not a member in good standing, which is calculated to expose matters which should be confined to the Lodge, or who shall violate any Bylaw, or Rule of Order, or be guilty of any conduct unbecoming a Good Templer, shall be liable to the penalties named in Sec 4th of this Article.


Sec 6th)  Any member of this Lodge, who shall be guilty of contempt of the Order, and any; member who shall become addicted to any vicious, or immoral habits, which shall injure himself, or his family, and disgrace the Order shall be Expelled.


Article 6th Officers


(Sec 1st)  The nominations for Office shall be made at the regular meeting next preceeding that of Election, but additional nominations may be made on the evening of election.


(Sec 2d)  The election shall in all cases be by written ballot, and a majority vote.  No ballots shall count which are cast for any other than eligible candidates, or which are blank, except when there is but one candidate when blank ballots shall count as negative votes: and unless a majority vote for one candidate on the first ballot, the second ballot shall be confined to the two highest on the list.


(Sec 3d)  If any member wish it, the check list may be used


[Page 93]


Article 7th Committees


(Sec 1st)  All committees unless otherwise ordered shall consist of three members


(Sec 2d)  The W.C.T. and W. V.T. shall on the night of installation, or at the next regular meeting thereafter appoint the following standing committees, for the term viz.  A Committee on Finance  Committee on Candidates  Committee on the care of the sick, and a Committee on the good of the Order.


(Sec 3d)  The Finance Committee shall inspect and audit the quarterly reports and vouchers of the W.F.S. and W. T. and report thereon to the Lodge as soon as may be: also from time to time inspect, and audit the accounts and bills of the W.F.S. and W.T. and of all other officers and committees charged with the receipts or expenditures of moneys belonging to the Lodge, and all bill against the Lodge, and if they shall approve the same, they shall endorse their approval thereon but if they shall disapprove of such accounts or bills or any part thereof, they shall report to the Lodge as soon as possible on all such matters


(Sec 4th)  The committee on the care of the sick shall consist of three brothers and three sisters.  When any member is sick or disabled and the Committee are informed thereof, if necessary some member of the committee shall visit them at least once each day, during the continuance of such sickness or disability (unless the disease be contagious).  The committee may call on any members to watch them, and render such other assistance as the case may


[Page 94]


demand.  If watchers are required they shall call upon two Brothers or two Sisters: but no member shall be required to watch twice, untill the whole roll has been called upon.


(Sec 5th)  The Committee on the Good of the Order shall consist of five members, one of which shall be the W.G. T.  It shall be their duty to devise means fer carrying into effect the objects of this Order and furnish such Literary and Rhetorical Exercises as shall make the meetings interesting and profitable


(Sec 6th)  Strangers who may be in regular standing in our Order, if sick and needy shall be entitled to and receive the same care as members of our Lodge


(Sec 7th)  The officers of this Lodge shall constitute a Reception Committee, whose duty it shall be to introduce newly initiated members and visitors from other Lodges and make them acquainted with the members of this Lodge


(Sec 8th)  No Committee shall be considered as discharged untill all debts contracted by it have been paid


Article 8th Miscellaneous


(Sec 1)  No member shall be permitted to sit in this Lodge unless clothed in appropriate regalia unless fer some good reason there are none


(Sec 2d)  Thare shall be no dancing or other Exercises detrimental to the Cause of Temperance under the auspices of this Lodge


(Sec 3d)  Any member spitting Tobacco juice in the Lodge room shall be fined fifteen cents for each offence


Article 9th Amendment


(Sec 1st)  These Bylaws may be altered or amended provided such alterations or amendments do not conflict with the Constitution or Laws of our Order, by a vote of two thirds of the members present.


[Page 95]


Rules of Order, Duties & Privilege of W.C.T.


Rule 1st.  Opening:  When the W.C.T. calls to order all officers and members shall clothe themselves in regalia and take their places.  The members shall preserve decorum through the session, and the officers shall endeavor to conduct all business to a speedy and proper issue.


2d  He shall state every question properly presented to the Lodge, and before putting it to vote, shall ask.  “Is the Lodge ready for the question?”  Should no member offer to speak, he shall rise to put it, and after he has risen, no member shall be allowed to speak on it.


3rd  The W.C.T. shall have a casting vote in favor of a tie, but in ordinary cases shall not vote.  He shall announce all votes and decisions.  His decision on points of Order shall not be debatable, unless, (entertaining doubts on the subject) he invites discussion.


4th  He may speak to points of Order in preferance to other members of the Lodge, rising from his seat for that purpose and shall decide questions of Order subject to an appeal to the Lodge by any member, on such an appeal, no member shall speak more than once.


5th  When an appeal is made from the decision of the W.C.T. he shall, put the question thus:  (“Shall the decision of the chair be sustained?”)


[Page 96]


6th  It shall be the duty of presiding Officer, and the privilege of any member of the Lodge to call a member to order who violates an established rule or order




7th  A motion must be seconded, and afterwards repeated from the chair, or read aloud, before it is debated.  A motion shall be reduced to writing if any member require it.


8th  All resolutions shall be submitted in writing before discussion


9th  Any member having made a motion, may withdraw it, before it is debated, but not afterwards without leave of the Lodge


10th  A motion to amend an amendment, shall be in order, but to amend an amendment to an amendment shall not be entertained.


11th  An amendment destroying or altering the intention of a motion, shall be in order, but an amendment relating to a different subject shall not be in order.


12th  An amendment to “strike out and insert” the paragraphs to be amended, shall first be read as it stands, then the words proposed to be struck out and those to be inserted, and finally the paragraph as it would stand if so amended.


13th  On the call for a division of the question a majority shall decide.  The call can only be granted when the division called for will

[Page 97]


leave a distinct and entire proposition.




14th  When a member speaks, or offers a motion, he shall rise in his place and respectfully addressing the W.C.T. confine himself to the question under consideration, and avoid personality or unbecoming language.


15th  When a member is called to order he shall take his seat until the point is determined.


16th  When two or more members rise to speak at the same time, the presiding officer shall decide as to who is entitled to the floor.


17th  No member shall speak more than twice nor longer than five minutes each time on any question without leave of the Lodge which leave shall be granted or refused without debate


18th  While a member is speaking, no one shall interupt, except for the purpose of calling to order or asking of the presiding officer leave to explain, or to call the previous question.  A member allowed to explain, shall only have the right to explain an actual misunderstanding of language, and shall be strictly prohibited from going into debate on the merits of the case


19th  For any member in speaking to impeach the motions of a fellow member, or to treat such member with personal disrespect, shall be deemed a violation of order which may incur the censure of the presiding officer, of the Lodge


[Page 98]


20th  If any member shall feel personally aggrieved by a decision of the chair, he or she may appeal from such decision.


21st  Any conversation by whispering or otherwise which is calculated to disturb a member while speaking or hinder the transaction of business shall be deemed a violation of order and if persisted in, shall incur censure.


“Privileged Questions”


22d  When a question is before the Lodge, the only motion in order shall be, first, to adjourn; second, the previous question; third, to lay on the tables; fourth to postpone indefinitely; fifth, to postpone to a definite period; sixth, to refer, seventh, to divide, if the sense will admit of it, or eighth, to amend, to take precedence as herein arranged, and the first three to be decided without debate.


23d  When the previous question is moved, and seconded, it shall be put in this form, - “Shall the main question be not put?  If this be carried, all further amendments and debate, shall be excluded, and the question be put without delay.  If the question has been amended, the vote shall be first taken on the amendment.  If more than one amendment has been made, the last made amendment, in order shall take precedence in the vote.  It shall be in order to reconsider the agreement to take the previous question.


24th  When a motion is postponed indefinitely it shall not come up again during the session.


[Page 99]




25th  A motion to adjourn shall always be in order.  Except first, when a member has possession of the floor.  second, while the yeas and nays are being called; third, when the members are voting; fourth when adjournment was the last preceeding motion, or fifth; when it has been decided that the previous question shall be taken.


26th  A motion to adjourn, simply cannot be amended; but a motion to adjourn to a given time may be and is open to debate.


Questions not debatable.


27th  First. A motion to adjourn, when to adjourn simply; second. A motion to lay on the table when claiming privilege over another motion; third a motion to a previous question; fourth, questions of order, whilst the previous question is pending, fifth; questions of order. When not appealed from the decision of the W.C.T; or not submitted by him to the Lodge.


Reading of Papers,


28th  The reading of any papers called for relating to the subject under discussion, shall always be in order.


Taking the Vote,


29  When the presiding officer has commenced taking a vote no further debate or remark shall be admitted, unless a mistake has been made in which case the mistake shall be rectified, and the presiding officer shall recommence taking the vote.


[Page 100]


30  When the decision of any question is doubted, the presiding officer shall direct the Marshall to count the votes in the affirmative and negative and report the same.


31st  The yeas and nays upon any question before the Lodge may be called fer by two members, and upon the assent of one-third of the members present shall be as taken.  They may be called fer at any time before a peremptory decision of the vote by the chair.


32d  In taking the yeas and nays, the W.S. shall call the roll, and record the yeas and nays, after the roll is called the result shall be read aloud, to rectify mistakes if any; after which the W.S. shall hand the vote to the W.C.T. who shall announce the same.


33d  In voting by yeas and nays, all present in regular standing in the Lodge must vote, unless excused by the Lodge, but no member shall vote who was not in the room at the time the question is put.  A motion to excuse shall be decided without debate


Filling Blanks.


34th  When any blank is to be filled by the name of persons, a vote shall be taken on the names in the order of their nominations; but when a blank is to be filled by any sum of money or time proposed, the question shall be first put on the largest sum and the most remote [time.]


[Page 101]


Reconsideration and Report


35th  A question may be reconsidered any time during the session or at the first regular meeting held thereafter; but a motion fer reconsideration being once made and decided in the negative shall not be reversed before the next regular session.


36th  A motion to reconsider must be made and seconded by members who voted in the majority except in case of the rejection of a candidate by the black balls, when it shall be competant for any member to move and second a reconsideration No question shall be reconsidered more than once nor shall a vote to reconsider be reconsidered.  To reconsider any resolution &c the decision of which is officially passed out of the Lodge shall not be in order.


37th  A motion to repeal or rescind a resolution shall be offered in writing, and announced at a regular session one week before action shall be taken on the same, and shall only be in order when the motion to reconsider is no longer available.


Committees and their Reports


38  The one first named in the appointment of a committee shall be chairman of the same and shall call the committee together at such time and place as he may select; but when there convened, any committee may elect its own chairman and scribe.


[Unreadable]  reports of Committees except reports of progress shall be [unreadable] in writing when required by the Lodge, and [unreadable]  by the majority.


[Page 1


O. G. Hill [parrt] tax order 43 as $39.93



127 00

$Total 640.59


[Page 2]


June sent to [XXXXX] as.





Total 468


468 divided by 7 (67  33 2/3


N. J. Whitney



Mrs Whitney

Miss Whitney


[Title Page]


Not transcribed.


[Day table/postage rated]


Not transcribed.


[Interest table/1857 calendar]


Not transcribed


[1857 Calendar]

[1857 Calendar]

[1857 Calendar]

[1857 Calendar]


Not transcribed.


[Page 10]


[Mr] Barnard Died one year ago last Spring


[Mr] [Bakas] Died last Spring


Bin Hutchinson

[Lenon] [Nuw] [Jonas]

150 to 160 in Hand


Horace [XXXXX] Store

316 Broad Way


21 Dollars [XXXXX] [XXXXX]

18 Dollars for [saving.]


Silvester wants to [XXXXX]



Gilmor A Allen –


[January 1,1857to ]


December 29

Cash paid [XXXXX] Westfield  .60

Cash paid to [Pitsfield] 1.25

Dinner & Supper .75

paid to Alliang 1.50

to Troy & Back .30

to Logins B[XXXXX] 1.50

[to haul from Albany to S James XXXXX] 2.75

to O. G. Hill [XXXXX] .60

Dinner .40

to Wmsburg .50


Total $10.15


[Cash haul at Mill] 

Jan 1    4.79

Cash  .11

Total 4.90


[XXXXX] James 100 [XXXXX]

[Franz] & Banistr [XXXXX]

to cash sent fer Com to Troy $268.00


Jason Millar Nate against[Barnersts] 200.00

About M [XXXXX]


[January 4, 1857]


R. B. [Buhlan] fer to 2 week meal $3.50


Medod Hill 1 [XXXXX] M. 17 “

Mrs Kingma 1 [XXXXX] M. 17 “

A. E. Lyman grain – 27 15


H. Hill Cash fer plow 54

14.6 K to corn meal 2.56

to Cash of Wing 2 00

Cash of ft Clapps 4.30


268 picketts at Saw Mill $


Cash of B. Women on [augst] $10.28

Cash of Smith fer Weld 7.71


O. G. Hill Dr

Sawing Donley J Miller on Circular Saw 75


[January 7, 1857]


Hay Weighed 17.70

“    “   15.60


O. G. Hill Cash paid Herald of freedom 1.50


O. G. Spelmen Dr paid cash paid Herald Freedom 1.50


Banister Merton Dr to cash paid H freedom 1.50


Joseph Thompsen Dr cash paid H freedom 1.50


Samuel Knight Dr cash paid H freedom 1.50


H  L James Dr cash paid H. freedom 1.50


H Sterns Dr 1.50

G. Nash H of f. 1.50


[January 10, 1857]


Hiram Hill Dr Cash [XXXXX] [XXXXX] Abel 2.00

To meal fer Bardnell 87”


H. Hill cash of [Mediat]h 75

Paid SH Clapps 1.50


Insurenc [polises] & Worth at my [XXXXX] term

nine Dollars $9.00


paid Mr Bourland two Dollars 31/100 $2.31


Sidney Hannun Dr to 268 picketts $26 87



O. G. Hill Insurance polises $36.50


[fell] in [XXXXX] with [XXXXX]


[January 13, 1857]


Walt English & Henderson Bought thair Shairs in quindaro November 16 on 17 and Bought fer one hundred fifty Dollars


febuary 21 1857


Osker Richersen Cr By 56 put Wood


Cash of Mr Skinns on Bill - $32 54


Febuary 27 1857  Bot of [XXXXX] 12 Bar oil not to Exceed 94 cts pr gallon

Send [XXXXX] $9.25


[Page January 16, 1857]


Cash of [XXXXX] [dues] 167


Samuel Cowly Dr to 17th to pork 263


Charles [franz] cash of [XXXXX] Hold on [XXXXX] 20 cts


H Hill. Cash of

[T] [Crash] 45

of Wm [Crash] 3.50

of Rhodes 1.70

of Wm Clapps 10.55

of Georg Smith 6.50

Cash R R Hubber 3.50


March 10, 1857 J. [XXXXX] [franz Dr to Charls Bardwell [XXXXX] 12.00


Nate to H. L. James

March 10, 1857 25 47


[Page January 19, 1857]


Mr Dambires to pay

March 15 1.0967 = 1.09.67


Divedend on Rock Island & Chicago R Road 90.00

Clevland & Toledo R.R. 40.00


March 10 1857

Russel Hill Dr to cash to pay for Shingels $33.50

To 3 yds satinett


Samuel Knights Book h wants & should get is Geogephry of the Heavens.


Smith [rides] Chigo

Mr Ballen of St Pall going to Kansas


[Page January 22, 1857]


March 10 1857 Cash on hand four Hundred and thirty three Dollars and forty one cents $433.40


Received on [Mehepalda]

Stock 15,50,00


On Blake & Recherd 1,28,14

Total 21,21.91


Cash Received of Mr Simpson $7.53.96

Cash of Hanr Com 18.00

Cash of C. Strong $600.00

Total $


Cash of Mack 22.00

Cash of fanon 25.00

Cash of Storer 30.00

Cash Ohio Lot 99.00

Dr $


CR $

Paid Rooffing 28.00

Cash on Hand $1.10.00

Paid fer Lime $

B.Seed &c 16.24

Total paid $


Gurthrie 60.00



[Page January 25, 1857]


March 11 1857 paid

Mackentine 8.24

Paid fer Bar Soap 50

Mr Gear fer [XXXXX] 4 00

“  “  paper 1.50

paid Broom Seed 2.00

total $16.24


March 30 1857 Cash paid to Mr Gates for Bilding House Side C. C. House $5.20.00

Paid Heent 1.50

Paid Long fer Wyndot Land 6.00.00

Paid Gurthrie for Share & Lot 8.00.00

Boat on Water 27.50

Total $19.59.00


Cash paid for Manhattan Stock 1.81.00

Cash for School House in Quindaro 10.00

Paid 5 Shares Manhatan 375.00

Paid 1 Share Emporia 150.00

Paid A J Morten 30.00

Total $27.05.00


Let A. C. Morton 3.45.00

For Lumber St Luis 2.20.00

Total $


[Page January 28 1857]


March 17 1857 Arived at Jeferson City Sept. 19 –


[XXXXX] [XXXXX] of Chigo going to ft Riley


Mr Rev Js. Judson going to same place


[Page January 31, 1857]


Congregational Church


Stands and Pinkney Street 22 & 24


Town of Burlington on Neosho


[Page February 3, 1857]


E. A. Waadpend] from West Aven


Mr S. J. Pratt

71 Ohio Street 1.75


H. D. Woods north of Westport


Mr. Adams


[Page February 6, 1857]


April 3d 1957 Received of H. S. Parker Seven Hundred & fifty Dollars to be invested in Lawrence


April 6


Expenses to Kansas City 515-450-15 - $5.30

50-10-50     $1.10


for Hill & Simpsen $6.40


[Page February 9, 1857]


April 9, 1857  Deposited in safe at Simpsens April

Six Hundred & fifty Dollars in gold 650.00




April 19 1857 paid Six Hundred Dollars to J [XXXXX] fer Bond fer title to Land 600.00

Gave note fer 100.

got to pay 3.00


[Page February 12, 1857]


Share 192 – 149 Main. 171 173 S. 39.41 F. 113.115  D. 24, 26, 28, P.


Colby Lot in Manhattan No 43. Ward 5 =


April 16, 1857

Received of Charles Strong Six Hundred Dollars to be invested in Returned in three Months at 25 per [cent] per annum


Charles strong care of Kennedy Childs [XXXXX]

Pittsburgh Pa.



Mr Barnard of Bellview Nebraska


[Page February 15, 1857]


April 23d 1857


Mr Whitney Dr to Cash – 20.00

To Cash Forward, B[XXXXX]

March 31 1857


Mr Ingelsol of Marten

Susany or Sandy Compl[XXXXX]


Carbendal about 8 miles from 110 – on the site of Council City


[Page February 18, 1857]


Cash paid Bank 301 75

to Mr Gates $5.20.00

to Mr. Gurthrie 8.00.00

to Mr Long 6.00.00

to A. Morton 100.00

to Sd North Roof 28.00

to A. G. Morton 2.45.00

to Prat fer Lumbr 2.20.00

to Scr. Wood  [XXXXX[ Street.  1.81.00

to Judge Woodworth $3.75.00

to Cash sent Morton 30.00

to Cash fer Emporia [Stock] 150.00


[Page February 21, 1857]


April 14 1857


Hill & Morton Dr to Cash Carwell fer Grading $5.00


May 5  Cash to A. Morton

one Hundred Dollars 100.00


Guthrees Note on obligation Dated April 11, 1857

90 days


[Page February 24, 1857]


[Page is blank]


[Page February 27, 1857


May 1 1857  Bought of Mr Woodworth five Shares of Manhattan property at Seventy five Dollars per Share $3.75.00

5. Lots to Share


[Page March 2, 1857]


Rev [XXXXX] Stone on 2d Street


[Lumber] [XXXXX] Widow


Mrs McComb is 42

Was married when She was 20 years old widow was about the same age


Foster is at Worcester putting up Litning Rods Wife with Him


Cash &. [XXXXX] 1.36


Paid George Davenport on Banister [XXXXX] 76 –


[Page March 5, 1857]


Mr McClure

Has 2 Shares Quindaro

Shares fer 11.00

64 Levell


Lands in Wyndot Reserve 24960 acres


Mr Rhoad Sold in March 1854

settled in September 1854

took Due bill $7.54


Land on Kan River

Bot Simpson 35 acres at 9.31 per acre


March 1857  $3.33.00


[Page March 8, 1857]


W. L. Green

10 x 15 Sash glasd at 3.25 per [XXXXX]

10 x 12 at 2.90

10 x 14 – 1 ¼ 3.00s 1 at 3.25

12 x 18 – 5.00 –


Doors 3.00 – 3.75 Commer out side Doors 7.00


[Page March 11, 1857]


May 6 1857 West Lawrence Company to one day Spent

Dividing Lots $4.00

7 to one Day “ 4.00

8 to one &c “ 4.00

to one “ Kansas City 4.00

Total 16.00


Paid [Serl] fer Survaying 50.00


[Page March 14, 1857]


Expenses to Kansas City $6.40


Mr Causin of Washington City


[Page March 17, 1857]


Whitman and 45.00

Searl Acpt 11.75















Total 401.38


Total 405.38


[Page March 20, 1857]


Page blank.


[Page March 23, 1857]


Lawrence is in Range 20 – 75 miles Due East from ft Riley


Oscar Richerdson Cr

February 21 1857

By 56 feet

Nor By 8.56 “

By 9.90 “


13.02 divided by 128 – 10 Chords 22

Minus 128

Total 22


[Page March 26, 1857]


C Strone Dr on Note $7.08

On Note 3.00

Total 10.08


[Page March 29, 1857]


May 1857 I Let.

Mr Hanscomb have on order from Sat – Simpsen on the plimoth Society fer the use of union Hall fer fifty Dollars.  $50.00


[Page April 1, 1857]


Received of Hanscomb toward the order $8.00

of cr. N. Simpsen 10.00

of H Hill Subscription 10.00


[Page April 4, 1857]


Blank page


[Page April 7, 1857]


Blank page


[Page April 10, 1857]


May 12 1857 gave Power of Atourney of My property in Lawrence to [Ladel]and prentis


[Page April 13, 1857]


Land Againins Quindaro


2 first acres 35.75

2 West acres 81.32

1 at ans –


Mac Capt Mrs Cog

Share $cr

190 Kansas Avenue

58 & 60 O Street

136 & 142 #2.34& 2.36 & 151.153. & 155)


Land on Kaw River at Mr. Guthries Judment

50 Dollars pr [XXXXX]

May 14-1857 H. Hill called the Mary Wm Land.


[Page April 16, 1857]


C. Franz & Co Cr

Due by 100 meal 1.75

28 [XXXXX] 2.48 [XXXXX] Do 4.46

I an 1 by 100 C.M. 1.75

Screen dust& Turnips – 1.00

Use of Barn .50

Total 9.96


Jan 12

42 00 Rye and corn meal 3.60

total 13.06


[Page April 19, 1857]


Charles Franz Dr

July 1858 to 39.70 to May as per Willister Thayers bill $23.82


February 28, 1859

Ansel Damen Cr By 99 1h to Wool 42 $39.80


[Page April 22, 1857 through May 12, 1857]


Blank pages.


[Page May 13, 1857]


W. Hans & Co


oil meal 1.37 ½

Me thinks


[Page May 16, 1857]


Quindaro Company [Cash]

Whole No of Shares as near as it can be come at

5.80 Shares five Hundred Eighty

No of Shares Sold about 3.00 Three Hundred


125 Shares voted to be sold at one Hundred & twenty five


50 Shares to be sold at three Hundred Dollars $300


25 Shares voted to be Sold at five Hundred $500 Dollars


The Account that has ben audited is $18.37.46

Not audited – 4.00.00


[Page May 19, 1857]


May 13 1857

Left with A.D. -  

[Sold] a certificate of one Share of the Town of Emporia


Emporia 60 miles South of Lawrence

10 Lots in Share

cost $1.50.00


[Page May 22, 1857]


May 12 1857 Received one Month’s Rent of Mack & Gates fer Rent up to first June 22.00


Ebenezer O. Zance

[XXXXX] is about 100.00 [XXXXX]

the price was $40.00

4 Minor heirs

The youngest 4 years the next 17= 10= 12 years


American Express Co

Office No 11 & 12 [XXXXX]


[Page May 25, 1857]


No 124 Check






[S. N. Stores]

G. C. Morgen]



Minesters at Quindaro


[Page May 28, 1857]


C. E. Schollkopf


McCown & Buck

Want to Hire Stone


General Mc Mullen of Virginia

Member of Congress


[Page May 31, 1857]


Transmishien of Money from St Lous to Quindaro

On 5.00 – 1.00

On 10.00 – 2.00

On paper 1.25


Mrs Shankland & [XXXXX] St Louis

Gov Robbert at St Louis Mr Bronsen “


Mr J. D. Dair


O. G. Hill Dr to Tickett to boston 2.50

To Herald fredom 1.50

To Shingels to Hyde 1.50

Settled Total $5.50


May 12 1858


[Page June 3, 1857]


May 16 1857

Started Home from Quindaro


17 Sabbath [XXXXX] [XXXXX] being Cold


Monday Many Cold

Arived at Jeffersen City about 4 O.Clock afternoon

Left Jeffersen City 8.00 fer St Louis –


Came Down on Steam Boat Trafic


Capt Marshall


Arived at St Louis Mondy afternoon 3 oclock

Started from St Louis Tuesday morning at 6 oclock driven in Mansfield about 6 oC in the morning Wednesday


[Page June 6, 1857]


May 18 1857 – [J.] Sept With Mr Pratt of pratt missien $2.20.00 two hundred & twenty Dollars to pay fer Lumber to be Sent to Quindaro to Hill & Morton


[Page June 9, 1857]


200 Shares and Board, [Mr Weck]

175 [M] Shingels

100 [M] Lath

4 Saws 2 upright 2 circular

2 Shingel Mitts

[8] Lath

70 more to [carr] on the [XXXXX] [Business]


Saturday May 23

Returned Home The Weather has [XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX] as at S. A. [XXXXX]


[Page June 12, 1857]


Tuesday June 23/57

Sent a Letter directed James Todd Granbill Putnam County

Iterates With a draft in it of two Hundred Dollars of [Ear.] date


[Page June 15, 1857]


June 26 1857 Recd of Phineas Marten 2.37

Received of [F.] P. Hunt 5.23

Received H. Grans 4

Received C L Gravs 167

Received G.  Banas 3 00

Paid [XXXXX] Thompson 10.00

J. f. Banister Estate Cr by Hemlock & Assn Logs it being one Half ones in Commer With E. W. Hubbard 5.28


Thadeous Bartlett Cr

By Hemlock Logs it being one half of Logs owned by Bartlett

E. W. Hubbard 4.28

Included is 4 ash – 1.00

Total $5.28


[Page June 18, 1857]


July 31 1857

Franz & Banister Dr to 800 feet Hemlock Boards taken in Log $4.80

To 8 Logs Hem & 1 ash – 4.20

By Cash paid Clapp $9.00

Fer his part 3.73

By 54 feet plank 97

By 19 Slabs 4.70




$9.00 minus $5.46 = $3.54


Hiram Hill Dr to 54 feet Hem plank 97

10 Slabs 76

Total $1.73


To amount fer Logs –

Bill against E. W. Hubbard 1.55


Franz & Banister Dr to Lot Woodunde Shed at [House]


11 June 20 Cr. [XXXXX] Meal [XXXXX] if posted


11 Cash Recd M. J. Si[XXXXX] $2.00

Cash paid W. Rice 1.21

Paid S. H. Clapp .50


[Page June 21, 1857]


Aug 1 1857  Widow Banister

Dr. to. Due bill on D.W. GravesStone 7.23

2 Chair [XXXXX[ 50


Cash of Henry Sterns 7.13

Cash of Josh Crosby 7.46

Cash of N. Sears $15.64

Cash of bless [Russell] 1.37


William Banister

Account 20.00


[Page June 24, 1857]


H. Hill Dr

Cash Received of Coneticutt Com $1.60

Amount R Hill 3.50


By Cash paid

Hilman & Company at [Manptr] 1.37

Paid Washburn 3.00


By cash of Hemer Hitchock on Banister 1.31

Nate – to H. S. James

Febuary 5 1858 $19.00


Cash of S. Meritt


Cash paid J. A. Root on Banister agt 13.43


[Page June 27, 1857]


September 21 18857


T. S. Whitney Dr to Cash Delivered to your Wife $10.00


Paid at St Louis 7.00

Hack .75

Porterage .75

Paid for ½ tickett 3.75

Total 22.25

Paid fare to Lawrence 7.50

Total 29.75

Less 2.75 = 27.00


County Recorder of Levenworth


[Page June 30 1857]


4 [XXXXX] & 11 = 100 in one Block



Mrs Whitney .50

Miss Do 1.25

R. J. Whitney 1.00

Total 2.75


Letter of Parkers &

E H Joseph Com James

Received by Mr Morton at Quindaro 28 Day of June 18.57


[Page July 3, 1857]


for Discount on Draft paid June 2.00


Thare is 4 acres & 34 = 100

in one Block


I Want one and half Block & two Lots and 63 = 100


[Page July 6, 1857]


Cash for sundries 29.75

Cash for Stone Work 421.80

On contract 11.24.00

1000 [M. paid] 45.00

Steam Mill Co bill 68.58

Shephard & Hemg bill 21.60

for paint 8.75

for 2 Doors 24.75

paid fer Mason Work 2.00.00

Total 19.44.43


Expense after [money] to Council Bluff 14.42


[Page July 9, 1857]


Union Insurance Company


James Gawn

Merser County Penselvania


May 12 1857


[Page July 12, 1857]


[Leas] on [XXXXX] on Stone House commences June 1 1857 Runs to April 1 1858

Leas on union house comense April 15 1857 Runs to April 15 1858

Received 25 Dollars on union House


Lease on Barn Comense May


[Page July 15, 1857]


Expense of transportation of Money from Lawrence to Northampton

5 ½ on gold per 1000

3 ½ on Currency per 1000

3 ½ on [XXXXX] 500

3 ½ on – 4.00

3 ¼ on – 3.00

3 – on 2.00

2.75 – 1.00

4.75 – Gold 3.00

on Drafts one half Rate of paper Currency –


[Page July 18, 1857]


Blank page


[Page July 21, 1857]


Left With Mr. Parker Henry for one Share Emporia Stock No 44 – one Note of Lease on [XXXXX] [XXXXX] $1.71.23 interest 2 pr cent pr month


[Page July 24, 1857]


I Gave on ordr to a Mr I [Leniun] on Mr parker Thirty five Dollars $35.00


[Balance of page not transcribed]


[Page July 27, 1857]


Saterday November 7 1857 arived at Topeka at Mr Joneses

Clowdy and Windy & verry Cold fer two Days


General Whiple

Charlie Moffatt


Mr Titus [Carpenter]

Mr Fullar [XXXXX]

Mr Thresher – [Mass]

Mr Whitmar [[XXXXX]

Mr Jones has cut about 45 Tons of Hay


Mr Hinton correspondent of Chicho Tribune & Boston Traveler


[Page July 30, 1857]


The Constitution was carried 28 by 22


I. A. White

General P.A.


[Page August 2, 1857]


The Bridge [XXXXX] the Kansas River will be 600 feet.  about [XXXXX] piers

Bank South Side between 30 to 40

North Side 40 to 50

Rack in any quantity

amediatley in the [XXXXX] [XXXXX] [XXXXX]


[Page August 5, 1857]


Blank page


[Page August 8, 1857]


Left St Louis Monday 9 o.c. Nov 23

Left East St Louis about 11 O clock around [Crestiline]

11 O clock 45 Minits

Tuesday A M –

Left Cleveland 4.00 got to Buffel at 2 o clock morning being Cold Snow about 12 [XXXXX]


[Page August 11, 1857]


Blank page.


[Page August 14, 1857]


February 12 1858


Franz & Banister Cr

By paying Johnson 1.68

By 71 to [pravender] 1.19

By 100 meal 1.80

By one Barril flour 6.50

By 100 R & Con 1.80

By 100 [XXXXX] 1.80

By 50 Corn Ml .90

By 100 to Meal 1.80

By 50 to Brad .80

By 50 to Meal .90

By 100 to Meal 1.85

By 100 to Meal 1.85

By one B flour 7.75

150 to Meal 2.55


to Brand – Bushel potatoes Cash 8.43

100 to Meal 1.80

100 to Meal 1.80

100 to Meal 1.75

100 to Meal 1.75

100 to Meal 1.65

Total $50.98

Manure 30.00

Potatoes 3.39

Total $ 84.37


[Page August 17. 1857]


By 2 Bushels potatos 1.80

By 1 Bushel 19 qts 1.59

Total 3.39


[Page August 20, 1857]


Banister Estate in Cash of Clapp 4.10

Dr paid [I. Bracket] 50

Dr paid Brackett 1.25

[XXXXX] 24 paid

Silas Smith 36.50


Cr by Cash [Misett] 1.83


Paid John A Rost 500


[Page August 23, 1857]


Charls Franz & Co to Bill in Dredon Daus of gasher 4.68


[Page August 26, 1857]


Linda [Russ] Cow Went in to My pasture 10 May 1858


[Perigi]n White Cow went in to My pasture about first May


[Page August 29, 1857]


Blank page.


[Page Sept.1, 1857]


168  6.50

117  7.75

180  .51

180  2.65

270  4.00

185  32.00

080  1.80

90  1.80

185  1.75

185  1.75


Total 1640  Total 62.16

Plus 16.40

Total 78.56

Plus 5.36

Total 83.92

Plus 8.43

Total 92.35

Plus 7.97

Total 84.38


[Page Sept. 4, 1857]


John Hannen Cr

[XXXX] to fish .45

of Howard


Rev Mr Badwell of Topekah


Mr Eddy & [Monson] who was at church at Lawrence


[Page Sept. 7, 1857]


August 4 1858


I Rote to Mr Larence at Alleghany City Penselvania


[Page Sept. 10, 1857


Oil Meal Jan 6th 1859


97  O.S. Hill Bag

1.10    97 to








Total 9.41


Total 10.43


Total 11.40




Total 83.44


Total 1877.40


Total 20.52

Minus 8

Total 20.44



x 180

Total 77.60

Plus 97

Total 1.74.60


[Page Sept. 13, 1857]


Wm Webster Wood

Drawn by Daus


2 Load 160 feet Each Lod

1  to – 1.64


Total 484

484 divided by 128 = 3


[Page Sept. 16, 1857]


Straw of [Maricks]

19.10 to May & 16.45

16.45 to 6.00

21.45 to Straw 10.45

Total 57.00


7.80 tare


[Not transcribed]


[Page Sept. 19, 1857]


Gene Thayer personal property as returned to probate Court $56.13

Note intrst 60.00


[Page Sept. 22, 1857]


Mr Warren Raised 4000 Bushels of Corn from 27 acres all sod Corn in ploud one Hand and paid 50 Dollars

3.50 Bushel potatoes


3.50 x 60 = 1.80.00



Total $11.80


Mr Warren has plowed and soon 12 acres Wheat two Weeks [XXXXX]


[Page Sept. 25, 1857]


Georg [Barras] Dr to Bill against J W Banister 10.18


Total 16.68


[Page Sept. 28, 1857]


By Keeping 2 Colts

7 Week – 3.50

Digging Grave 3.00

Total $6.50



Wm P [Counls]


[Page Oct. 1, 1857]



Dryed Hides are Woorth from 15 to 20 cents in Bosten


Wet Salted 9 to 10 ¼ Western Hydes


[Page Oct. 4, 1857]


March 1 1859


Mr [Shorg] Cr


1175 – 170  19.97

454 – C. M.  6.81


Total 27.53


Mr. Bowman on Holdens [3 took from [XXXXX]


[Page Oct. 7, 1857]


Hudson is the Town that the North Missori Road comes in


St Catherine place Whare we took Dinnar




Smith says he [ons]

Has lived out nothing on Hous only diging dreen


Sept 1111111   15x 7 = 105

Plus 50

Total 65


Mr Wise ackniged that Hous, [XXXXX]

Mr Smith – Keps a grazing


[Page Oct. 10, 1857]


Blank page.


[Page Oct. 13, 1857]


April 6, 1859


To Cash drawer [unreadable]

To cash “ “ .75

To “ “ Sand 1.00

To 2 Bush Lime – 70

To ½ “ “ .18

To Drawing Sten – 50

To Drawing Water – 50

To 1 Day Mason 2.25

To one Chord [XXXXX] 6.00

To 5 ½ Days Digging 10.50

To Cash fer glass – 95

To Cash fer Lime – 95

To Stone Mason 4.70

To Cash Milk .25

To Cash [XXXXX] 1.25

To Cash Water - .15

To [poizin] Recd – 3.75

To Drawing ten - .25

To Drawing Stencl - .25

To Cash for Week  00

To [XXXXX] Recd 1.00

To Cash fer Nails . 30

To Harrington [XXXXX] 12 x 2

Rolling Bill 26.20

Recd Bill 8.54

Gilmore Bill 16.50

Total 99.25


[Page Oct. 16, 1857]


April 11 1859


Let Allen have 1.50 Cash to get deed Recorded 20 April paid to Oct


[XXXXX] [attendance 200

making papers 2.00


Total $30.03


[Page Oct. 19, 1857]


April 21 1858 [XXXXX] order on [Sand,]  $7.00

“  “  “  $16.50

Total $23.50


[Page Oct. 22, 1857]


Mr Simpson Wants I Should get 30 cents Woorth [snackalab] candy fer Authers


[Page Oct. 25, 1857]


Cash on Hand When I got Home May 5, 1857


in gold  54.00

Paper money 2.89.86

Total $3.43.86


[Page Oct. 28, 1857]


Blank page.


[Page Oct. 31, 1857]


Blank page.


[Page Nov. 3, 1857]


Blank page.


[Page Nov. 6, 1857]



Doct Mc Dowall at Sandover Illinois Central Junktion


[Page Nov. 9, 1857]


Blank page.


[Page Nov. 12, 1857]


Blank page.


[Page Nov. 15, 1857]


John Shaffer Robinsons Mills

Garant Co Went to Texas


[Page Nov. 18, 1857]


Long claim is 34 6/10 acres


[Gegeyer] Claims

38 8/10 acres


oppesite to [XXXXX]

[Page Nov. 21, 1857]


Blank page.


[Page Nov. 24, 1857]


Blank page.


[Page Nov. 27, 1857]


Ages taken from old Bible in Hands of Sarah Ward


Calvin was Born

December 5 18.90


Russel Was Born

March 9 17.92


Elida Was Born

April 13 1794


Cintha Born

December 7 1795


[Weltha] February 16 1798

Ansel December 9 17.99


Willard Sept 9 1801


Hiram January 14 1804


Sarah August 14 1806

Otis April 1 1808


[Page Nov. 30, 1857 through Dec. 27, 1857]


Blank pages.


[Page Dec. 30, 1857]


To Horse to East Hamton 1.25

To “ to Hogdenwill 25.

To “ to “ 34

Total $1.84


[Page Cash Account.]

January 1 1856 Franz & Banister

Dr to 3 days time going to Albany & Gray $4.50

To tending Mill 1 Day 1.50

To tending Mill 1 Day 1.50

To 7 Letters 26

5 to ½ Day 75

6 to 1 Day 1.50

7 to ½ Day 75

8 to ½ Day 75

10 to ½ Day 75

16 to ½ Day 75

Total 13.01

Use horse 1.84

Total $14.85


March 5 to 1 hog 15.00

Total $29.85


[Page Cash Account]


Banister & Franz Dr

106 to W. flour 4.25

x19 to [XXXXX] 57


two Chord Wood under Mill [Shued] 4.00


Barril [XXXXX] & B[XXXXX] .50

58 to Jams flour at 4 ¼. 257


7 Chords 98 feet

Wood under the Shed 15 50

3 Chords & 25 feet

String Lether 50

O. G. Hill pine Board 23.83  $30.97

H. H. 8.46 pine 11.84

O. G. Hill Dr to tickett to B.


John Warren Wood that franz Drew w ¾ Chd.


[Page Cash Account]


64 to [XXXXX] of the Estate


D 7 ¾ Tick 14 – 1.08

33th Cutter 20 – 3.35

20 “   “  9 – 19.80

Total 6.23

Butter 3.91




Total $6.73

Minus 3.91

Total $2.82


2 to Shugar .33

Total $3.15


Coneticutt R R Raid Dr to 40 feet maple 4.60

Estate Cr 87 $=1.30

Cob Meal cr Cobb Meal 124 to – 1.86


[Page Cash Account]


Moris Gilferd Cr

Cr By 17 to [Matter] at 7 ½   1.27


[Page Cash Account]


Calvin Maried

June 9, 1817


[Eleeta] married

December 7, 1815


Hur Husband Died

May 4 1817


Old Iron 2.75

Sold Mr Smith




[Page 136]


Calvin Hill Born

December 5 1790


Russel Hill Born

March 9 1792


[Eleeta] Born

April 1794


Syntha Hill Born

December 7 1795


Wiltha Hill Born

16 febuary 1798


Ansel Hill Born

[December] 9 1799


Willam Hill Born

Sept 9, 1801


Hiram Hill Born

January 14 1804


Sarah Hill Born

August 14 1806


Otis Hill Born

April 1 1808


[Page 137]


January 15 1857


Franz & Banister Cr

By 2.00 Meal – 3.50

17 By 1.00 Meal  1.75

By 76 # Rye B. 1.14

20 By 100 # Meal 1.75

By 59 ½ # Meal 1.04

19 By 66 # Bran 97

Meal fer Bardwell 87

21 200 Meal 3.50

24 300 Meal 5.25

20 flour 1.00

28 38# Meal .66

30 200 # Meal 3.50

294# Bran 4.41

feb 2d 3.00 # Meal 5.25

one Barril flour 9.67

5 100 Meal 1.75

9 81# Meal 1.41

12 300 # Meal 5.25

17 1.00# Meal 1.75

21 1.00 # Meal 1.75

26 1.00 # Meal 1.75

27 1.00 # Meal 1.75

Total $59.69


Br Amount  Back[perhes] .76

Total $60.45

Less 29.85

Total $30.60


[Page 138]


March 9, 1857

To amount from opesite page $60.45

Debt brot up – 29.85

Total $30.60

[XXXXX]  [Melon] 25

Grinding Cob Corn 50

Total $31.35


March 9 1857 Settled the above [XXXXX]


[Page 139]


Franz & Banister Cr By Cash on Real Estate paid George Smith on Note 2.95.55

Cash H Hill 1.50.00

Cash Widow 50.00

Cash H Hill 1.20.29

Total $6.15.84

Note on Dem 900.00

Total $15.15.84


[Page 140]


O. G. Hill Dr

to feet clabbords

to amt on book 1.00

Cr by Cash 12.05

Cr By Cash paid

S H Claggs .50


[Page 141]


October 10 1857


Cotton Hayden Note 25.00

intrst 5.31

Charles N Bardwell

Note & intrst 12.63

[Driden Davis] 4.44

Howard Bill 13.77

A. J. Morton Note 30.00

intrst 3.60


[Page 142]


October 12 1857

Cash on Hand to Start to Kansas With is $2.25.25


Cash of [Saebel] 71.05

Cash of Jones 14.00

Total $3.10.30

Cash of Simpson 25.80


Cash paid for making

Writings $20.00

Cash paid Mr Chadwick 6.00

“   “  5.00

paid Ellis 5.00

paid [Tadde] 1.00


paid Colby per board 17.20

paid [XXXXX] 2.00

paid passage to St Louis 13.00


Cash left with Chadwick 8.00 to go to [XXXXXX]


[Page 143]


The claim that was located Mr Irvin J Long was located by John [Graeges] for Suzon [Nafut] same year ago from last Summer


John Greg Eyrs lives at Wyndot City


Guthrie Bought Widow Coon improvement

The Power of Atornie  Given by [Zaner] was Dated November 9 1857


[Page 144]


J. W. Selig of Wisconsin [Masutt] going to Omehaw

Left [XXXX] St. Joseph

[Page 145]




November 18 1857

Started from Quindaro fer [XXXXX] in the Boat New Lucy


Thursday Morning 19 being cold and Windy

Left Lixington at 9 oclock in morning


Lay 4 miles below Lixington 6 Hours

Baling out Water and Repairing

Started 3 oclock


Friday Morning 9 oclock Stuck on Ballmore Bar have laid here all knight

3 oclock after laying 22 Hours got of and Went on Admiral


[Page 146]


Friday 9 oclock took Stemer Admiral

Paid 7.00 Dollars

Left Glasgo 1/ past 12.00

Saterday 90 miles from Jefferson City

one oclock had to lay up on account of Wind about 2 Hours

½ past 3 oclock came to Steam Boat

Tropick Blown up took of some of thre officers & Hands about 30 Killed & Wounded 10 or 12 have Died & some others cannot live [XXXXX] Jefferson City

Sabbath Morn ½ - 10


Let Jefferson for St Louis 10 minits to one oclock


Snows Hard


[Page 147]


Mr Fisk of Lavenworth from Wisconsin


Mr McCee of Lavenworth


Schuabucher comes Shawnee and 3d Streett has furs

Sold 1500 Mink [XXXXX]


[Page 148]


Georg M. Sargent of the Quindaro House


Mr Barns

Mr Fisk

Mr Jorge

Mr Woodard

Mr Chapman going to Min


Mr [Leal says Mr [Xxorth] told him the same as he Told me


The man Who plastered our House says he told Him the same


[Page 149]


May 14 1858

Wrisly & Smith Dr to 75 ¾ to 7 ½ fresh pork


May 26 1858

Bot two Land Warrant

Cost $2.95.65


[Page 150]


May 26 1858


Bot two Land warrents at new york Cost Delivered Here $2.95.65

No. 76812 Given to Syman Wood

Dated 5 May 1858


Jan 23 1858 the other

No 51076 Given to Gren A Bush

Dated May 5 1858

(Decem. 15 1858)


Sent to A. C. Morton May 31 1858


[Page 151]


March 17 1859




Total 1.79.01 Corn [XXXXX]

60.25 on Hand

10.00 of pay [XXXXX]

Total $2.49.26

50.00 parker

10.90 Lands

20.83 Brown

Total $3.30.99

27.63 [Brackott]

13.00 Whitny

Total $3.71.62

42.50 Simpson

Total 4.14.12


Paid to

Carter $2.50.00

C. Morton 63.24

Total 3.13.24


[Page 152]


Had at Conway Bank 492.25


179.25 of Conwy Money

20.25 Centrliezed

Total $1.99.50


Total $2.49.50

41.10 Tickett

30 “

Total 290.90


Nathan Stark Dr March 17 1859 to forty one Dollars and 20 cents paid for tickett to St Joseph Mo 41.20

March 20 to Cash 5.00


[Page 153]


Block 2- No 4

Mr Sands paid Rent on Both Buildings up to Oct 1858

66 – 66 –


Since Oct it has Ben 33.33


[Not transcribed]


[Page 174]


April 1 1859

Cash of parker 50.00

Cash of Sands 10.90

Cash of Brown 20.80

Cash of Brackett 27.63

Cash of Whitney 13.00

Total $1.22.33


[Page 154]


April 23 1859

Started form Lawrenc fer Home

April 27 Started from Quindaro on A. B. Chambers

Left Kansas City about 12 oclock

arrved Jefferson 7 O’clock friday morn


Left Jefferson 7 ½

Arived at St Louis ½ past one

Started at 2 oclock got Left at East [XXXXX]

Went Cack Started next morning

Saturday 6th 6.15 minutes Started from East St Louis at 7

arived at [Vincens] on Wabash River 2 oclock


[Page 155]


Whare we took Dinner followed White River for codsiderable Distance arived at Cincanity Saterday Eve 11 o clock.


Started Monday morning 6 o clock fer Mansfield arived Mansfield ½ past one on the afternoon


Started from Mansfield Tuesday 9 oclock fer Shelby being plesant morn arived Cleveland about ½ past 2 O. C. 



Started at 3 to Buffalo Reached Buffalo 10.20 due at Albany 8.20  Started fer Albany 8.50 – got to [Sprngfel] one O clock


[Page 156]


Madison [Harys] Gibson to Cincinaty


[Page 157]


Jerome Talmage



E. T. Williams


[Page 158]


Missisippy 103


Indinia 1.05




[Not transcribed]


[Page 160]


[Not transcribed]


[Page 161]


Armstrong Avenue

Block 134-135-136


Minesota Avenue

Block 133-132-131


Kansas Avenue



Doct Collins Bank Stock


Northampton 310.0

Holyoke 200.0

Worcester 400.0

[Ware] 200

Total $11.100


[Page 162]


Edward B. Smith

Manhattan K.T.


[Doct] William who is building up top Hill 38 K. A.

[Doct] Wilmarth –


Town of Illion Center of Anderson County

Sold By-By Mr[Banty]


[Page 163]


171 Main 136


109 Tennessee 2.00

109 Kentucky

[40] [XXXXX] Do 8.00


86 Ohio 2.00

163 Missisippy

Mr Hunt 1.25


89 Ohio

Capt Hooter 1.25


[Page 164]


Mr Duncans Share

279 [XXXXX]

54 Kan-394 & 396

24 & 26A – 80 & 82-C


$7.00 –


31 & 33 [XXXXX] 1.00

Land [XXXXX]


71 [unreadable]

Mr Guthres

48 Ohio 2.25

62 [XXXXXWood] 2.25

[99] 2.00


40 pinkny 1.50

134 Ohio – 2.56

123      Do 2.75

124      9 pinkny 3.56

43 ft – 9.00


[Page 165]


[Doct. Sulees]


Dout Minon

Mr Bemis

A. J. Rowell V.T.

Mr. Woodworth of Quindaro Buildg Saw Mill


John W.Roach 8 miles this syde of Manhattan

180 miles by River from Kansas River

[Page 166]


10 – park = 40 Sold . 80

H. M. Simpson

24. [R. Islnd Sold]

Doct Siby

50.00 $25/--

45. ft to Shipley $250.00


2 – Brass Kittles

2 – Sett Knives & frks

-Ten part


Oil Cloths [XXXXX]


Check 21.15


[Page 167]


Benjamn Took of Columbian Co





McCoy Indian absent


[Page 168]


Not transcribed.


[Page 169]


S. N. Simpson to H. Hill [Agent]


To-  Rent on union House 10 Months 2.08.33

To – Rent of Stone House 8 Months 1.66.67

To  Rent of Cincinaty House 8 Months 1.76.00

To  Cash of C. A. Wright for intrst 48.00

To  Cash for Lot 45 ft ST – 2.50.00

To Cash for 19 park one half – 40.00

To Cash for ½ 24 R. J. St 20.00

To Cash of C. A. Wright 46.50

To Cash of Doct Lykins 5.12.30

Total 18.72.80

Nats 6.36.00

Total 25.08.80

½ union house 5.00.00

Total 30.08.80


Total 8.68.17


His account 8.07.63


total 21.40.63

 [balance of page not transcribed]

 [Page 170 & 171 not transcribed]

 [Page 1 & 2 not transcribed]

Item Description

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