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According to this article, the Topeka Board of Education had passed a resolution that would desegregate all schools by the start of classes in the fall. Even before the Supreme Court declared segregated schools unconstitutional in the landmark civil rights case Brown v. Board (1954), the Topeka school board began developing a plan that would create integrated schools. The office of the attorney general offered input and provided the Supreme Court with a four-point decree that would apply to all Kansas school districts. This office also included some information about how integration would influence the student bodies of Topeka elementary schools, as well as a list of the percentage of white and black students estimated for each elementary school.

Creator: Mack, George, 1907-1986
Date: May 11, 1955

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Integration plan offered by state - 1

This source is valuable not only for its discussion of the process of integration, but also for the statistics about the student bodies of each school. The formerly segregated schools—Buchanan, Monroe, and Washington would continue to have an enrollment of 100% black students and no white students. This would be an excellent discussion starter for classroom debates about how to effectively integrate schools when the surrounding community is composed almost entirely of one race or ethnicity.

KS:11th:3.1:Brown v. Board (2005)

Item Number: 211827
Call Number: K326 Negroes Clippings, v. 8
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 211827

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