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1880 census of Farmer Township, Wabaunsee County, Kansas

1880 census of Farmer Township, Wabaunsee County, Kansas
Creator: United States. Census Office. 10th census, 1880
Date: June 1, 1880 through June 2, 1880
This excerpt of a census schedule provides details--including the name, age, race, and occupation--of settlers in Farmer Township in Wabaunsee County, Kansas. The county included a black population (B=Black) who had settled there in 1879 with the help of the Freedmen's Relief Association.


1880 census of Nicodemus Township, Graham County, Kansas

1880 census of Nicodemus Township, Graham County, Kansas
Creator: United States. Census Office. 10th census, 1880
Date: June 8, 1880 through June 23, 1880
This census schedule provides details--including the name, age, race, and occupation--of both white and black settlers in Nicodemus Township in Graham County, Kansas. This township had been settled by Exodusters in 1877 along the south fork of the Solomon River. Today, the town of Nicodemus is the only surviving Exoduster settlement west of the Mississippi River.


1880 census of Rock Creek Township, Wabaunsee County, Kansas

1880 census of Rock Creek Township, Wabaunsee County, Kansas
Creator: United States. Census Office. 10th census, 1880
Date: June 11, 1880
This excerpt of a census schedule provides details--including the name, age, race, and occupation--of settlers in Rock Creek Township in Wabaunsee County, Kansas. The county included a black population (B=Black) who had settled there in 1879 with the help of the Freedmen's Relief Association.


After the great war is over

After the great war is over
Date: 1917
This promotional brochure argues that the construction of good roads in the United States will enhance agricultural productivity and economic development in the aftermath of World War I.


Arthur Alexander Randall and Elmer Nicholson with horses

Arthur Alexander Randall and Elmer Nicholson with horses
Date: Between January 01, 1905 and December 31, 1910
This is a photograph of Arthur Alexander "Nace" Randall and Elmer Nicholson with horses on a farm in Decatur County, Kansas. There is a windmill in the background.


Arthur Alexander and Christena Randall

Arthur Alexander and Christena Randall
Date: Between 1940 and 1945
This is a photograph of Arthur Alexander "Nace" Randall and his wife Christena "Stean" Randall who lived and farmed in Decatur County, Kansas.


Arthur Capper and President Herbert Hoover with Kansas farmers

Arthur Capper and President Herbert Hoover with Kansas farmers
Creator: International News Photos, Inc
Date: December 12, 1929
This is a photograph of Senator Arthur Capper, shown standing with President Herbert Hoover in the center of the photograph, and a group of Kansas farmers in Washington, D.C. Arthur Capper, 1865-1951, a native of Garnett, Kansas, served as Kansas Governor from 1915 to 1919, and U. S. Senator from 1919 to 1949.


Between Millstones

Between Millstones
Creator: Kelly, H. B.
Date: 1896
This short pamphlet discusses the problems that high tariffs and the gold standard create for workers and farmers. It clearly presents Populist ideas about the dire situation of Kansas farmers by giving several examples of how businessmen and merchants benefit from the oppression of common laborers. The pamphlet was written by H. B. Kelly and printed by the Jeffersonian Publishing Company in Lawrence, Kansas; each pamphlet cost five cents.


Binding & Shocking wheat

Binding & Shocking wheat
Date: Between 1880s and 1890s
These two photographs show a group of men binding and shocking wheat in an unidentified field in Kansas.


Breaking sod, western Kansas

Breaking sod, western Kansas
Date: Between 1910 and 1925
This black and white photograph shows a steam tractor breaking sod in western Kansas as a group of men and two children look on. The men standing on the plow are raising and lowering the implement as it turns the soil.


Businesses and agricultural equipment, Ramona, Kansas

Businesses and agricultural equipment, Ramona, Kansas
Date: Between 1890 and 1909
A street view in Ramona, Kansas. Agricultural equipment is lined up along the street at harvesting time, and several business buildings are in view. Businesses visible include Strickler and Company General Merchandise, Grain, and Coal; a shoe store; a drug store; the Ramona State Bank; a hotel; and Canton P and O Plows. Several people are visible in front of the buildings.


Butchering hogs,Saline County, Kansas

Butchering hogs,Saline County, Kansas
Date: Between 1900 and 1920
This photograph shows a group of men butchering hogs in Saline County, Kansas. At the bottom of the photograph the men have been identified as the following: George Sarver, Worth, Fred McCabe.


Cattle in a fenced pasture

Cattle in a fenced pasture
Creator: Steele, F. M. (Francis Marion), 1866-1936
Date: Between 1891 and 1912
This is a view of cattle in a fenced pasture, next to a barn, on an unidentified farm presumed to be in Haskell County, Kansas. Also visible in the photograph are a man afoot, a horse-drawn carriage, a farmhouse and outlying farm buildings, and a man and boys astride horses.


Cattle on the Brosa farm, Jefferson County, Kansas

Cattle on the Brosa farm, Jefferson County, Kansas
Date: Between 1907 and 1917
This is a photograph showing a farmer looking over his cattle on the Brosa farm located near Valley Falls in Jefferson County, Kansas.


Chapter V: Attitudes of mind, in The future of the Great Plains: Report of the Great Plains Committee

Chapter V: Attitudes of mind, in The future of the Great Plains: Report of the Great Plains Committee
Creator: Great Plains Committee
Date: December 1936
This report was created by the Great Plains Committee, which had been called by the President to investigate the effects of drought and wind erosion in the southwestern United States. For the purposes of the committee, the Great Plains region was composed of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana. In Chapter V, the committee argues that farmers' lack of understanding about effective agricultural techniques, combined with severe drought, had created the critical situation that existed during the Dust Bowl. Certain "attitudes of mind," such as the idea that natural resources are inexhaustible, were the root cause of farmers' problems. The chapter outlines some of these attitudes and assumptions that had proved to be unreliable.


Chris and Ellen Nicholson on their farm near Jennings, Kansas

Chris and Ellen Nicholson on their farm near Jennings, Kansas
Date: Between January 01, 1910 and December 31, 1915
This is a photograph of Chris and Ellen Nicholson posed with their work horses. The Nicholson farm was located near Jennings, Kansas.


Corn cribs, Norton County, Kansas

Corn cribs, Norton County, Kansas
Creator: Reed, Norton, Kansas
Date: Between 1890 and 1899
This sepia-colored photograph shows corn cribs filled with corn raised by George Washington Chase on his farm located northwest of Norton, Kansas. The writing on the photograph states that 200 acres produced 10,000 bushels of corn.


Cutting the Gordian knot

Cutting the Gordian knot
Creator: Daniels, Percy, 1840-1916
Date: 1896
This pamphlet was published by Percy Daniels for the People's Party. It discusses the political situation in Kansas during the Populist era. It warns against the moneyed interest domination over the common farmer and supports the adoption of a graduated property tax.


Daniel L. Chandler to John Stillman Brown

Daniel L. Chandler to John Stillman Brown
Creator: Chandler, Daniel L.
Date: April 22, 1862
This letter was written by Daniel L. Chandler from Paola, Kansas, to John Stillman Brown, a Unitarian minister who lived west of Lawrence. The first portion of Chandler's letter describes a young soldier named James, apparently recuperating from illness and under Brown's care and supervision in Lawrence. Chandler speaks of promotions and new officers in the army and his contentment with his "humble position" as hospital steward. He also writes of his popularity with the troops and his efforts to obtain "comforts" for them.


Day by day Kansas is rapidly washing away

Day by day Kansas is rapidly washing away
Creator: Topeka Capital
Date: December 4, 1932
This brief article discusses the importance of decreasing water erosion, which has washed away approximately ninety percent of the productive soil in eastern Kansas. Two remedies which are suggested are terracing and the planting of blue grass sod (which will bind the soil together). Scientists at Kansas State Agricultural College (now Kansas State University) were experimenting with these two techniques.


Drilling wheat, Belpre, Kansas

Drilling wheat, Belpre, Kansas
Date: 1916
This black and white photograph shows a group of men with horse-drawn equipment drilling wheat near Blepre, Kansas.


Drouthy Kansas

Drouthy Kansas
Creator: Worrall, Henry
Date: 1878
This painting by Henry Worrall, completed in 1878, challenges the assumption that Kansas was part of the "Great American Desert." Although there had, indeed, been a severe drought during 1860, Worrall believed that Kansas did not deserve this harsh reputation. In the foreground, his painting depicts the bountiful harvests of grain, watermelon, and potatoes, while the background includes rain showers and a rainbow stretching across the horizon. Although Worrall was a very productive artist, "Drouthy Kansas" quickly became his most famous work.


Edmund Burke Whitman to Franklin B. Sanborn

Edmund Burke Whitman to Franklin B. Sanborn
Creator: Whitman, E. B. (Edmund Burke), 1812-1883
Date: December 14, 1858
After returning to Lawrence from a trip east, Whitman wrote Franklin B. Sanborn a mostly personal letter regarding the preparations for the winter and need to extend the loan owed to Sanborn--he had crops enough for subsistence but little cash. Near the end, Whitman commented briefly on the political situation, which was "quiet" at present, but "the difficulties in Linn & Bourbon Counties are renewed" and "J. B. is on the ground and engaged in 'Regulating.'"


Elmer John Warner

Elmer John Warner
Date: Between 1914 and 1927
Here are four photographs of Elmer John Warner who was a farmer and mechanic in Cloud County, Kansas. He was born November 20, 1898 in Lincoln, Kansas, to John Ezra Warner and Sarah Dovey Cain. Elmer John Warner married Etta Elizabeth Beck on March 3, 1923, and they had two daughters, Earlene, born December 4, 1923 and Elda, born October 23, 1925.


Elton Raymond Allen

Elton Raymond Allen
Date: Between 1925 and 1929
A postcard showing three farmers from Jackson County, Kansas, (left to right) seated: Fred Groffs and Elton Raymond Allen and standing, Short Shaeffer.


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