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Date - 1800-1820 - 1829

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Expenditures and receipts of the Carey Mission 2nd quarter 1829 including June, July, and August 1829

Expenditures and receipts of the Carey Mission 2nd quarter 1829 including June, July, and August 1829
Creator: Simerwell, Robert, 1786-1868
Date: September 1829
This item includes a detailed breakdown of the expenditures and receipts of the Carey Mission, Michigan Territory, during a significant part of 1829. As such, this item details the tremendous amount of effort that went into running the Carey Mission, and the type of transactions and events that were required to support the education of Native Indians in the Michigan Territory shortly before the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830.


Expenditures and receipts of the Carey Mission first quarter which includes march april and may 1829

Expenditures and receipts of the Carey Mission first quarter which includes march april and may 1829
Creator: Simerwell, Robert, 1786-1868
Date: June 1, 1829
This item is a list of expenditures and receipts from the Carey Mission in the Michigan Territory from the first quarter of 1829, including the months of March, April, and May 1829. As such, this item contains a large amount of information regarding the activities and expenses related to the missionaries activities at the Carey Mission.


George Alderson to Lewis Allen Alderson

George Alderson to Lewis Allen Alderson
Date: March 5, 1829-July 16, 1831
Two letters written by George Alderson to Lewis Allen Alderson. Lewis Allen Alderson later moved to Atchison, Kansas, in 1858 and was a prominent Baptist minister. He died in Atchison in 1881.


Isaac McCoy journal

Isaac McCoy journal
Creator: McCoy, Isaac, 1784-1846
Date: February 27, 1829 - June 29, 1829
Isaac McCoy kept a journal from 1814 to 1841. This is the seventh part of the journal, covering the first half of 1829. Isaac McCoy was ordained a Baptist minister in 1810 and served as missionary among the Native Americans in present-day Indiana, Michigan, Missouri and Kansas. He was an advocate of Indian removal from the eastern United States, proposing an Indian state in what is now Kansas, Nebraska, and Oklahoma so Native Americans could be free from the "corrupting influences attending association with the frontier people of that early period." Isaac McCoy was a key part in the work of the Board of Foreign Missions in America and the Committee on Indian Affairs on the issues of Native American emigration and the Indian Removal Act.


Issac McCoy to Robert Simerwell and Bay

Issac McCoy to Robert Simerwell and Bay
Creator: McCoy, Isaac, 1784-1846
Date: March 29, 1829
In this letter, to Robert Simerwell and Mr. Bay, Issac McCoy relays the news that the Carey Mission will likely cease to function, and that the missionaries at Carey will leave for the Osage Mission "one year from next September." In addition, McCoy addresses the problems that many missionaries soemtimes faced, stating that he is "tired-tired-tired of my wanderings--I am lonesome and homesick."


Issac McCoy to Robert Simerwell and J. Bay

Issac McCoy to Robert Simerwell and J. Bay
Creator: McCoy, Isaac, 1784-1846
Date: May 16, 1829
In this letter to Robert Simerwell and J. Bay at the Carey Mission, Michigan Territory, Issac McCoy relays information to them concerning the Baptist Board of Missions' decision to send himself and Johnston Lykins further West. In addition, McCoy explains that the Board has decided to appoint a committee in Lexington, Kentucky and in New York for the purpose of "keeping alive the subject of Indian missions, and of promoting the interests of these missions in general."


J. W. McClung to Lewis Allen Alderson

J. W. McClung to Lewis Allen Alderson
Date: August 1, 1829
A letter written to Lewis Allen Alderson from his friend J. W. McClung. Alderson was studying at the University of Ohio in Athens at the time, and McClung wrote seeking information on classes, expenses, and necessary qualifications. McClung claims his current tutor, Reverend John H. Hendren, is a most strict teacher. Lewis Allen Alderson later moved to Atchison, Kansas in 1858 and was a prominent Baptist minister. He died in Atchison in 1881. A searchable transcription is available by clicking "Text Version" below.


Jedediah Smith to brother

Jedediah Smith to brother
Creator: Smith, Jedediah Strong, 1799-1831
Date: December 24, 1829
This letter is from Jedidiah Strong Smith (1799-1831) to his brother Ralph Smith (1794-1867) living in Ohio at the time of the letter. Jedidiah writes this letter in 1829 at Wind River which is located on the east side of the Rocky Mountains. In the letter, Jedidiah writes about his journey, including the dangers and opportunities this trip provides him, and asks for information from home when Ralph writes next.


Jedediah Smith to his brother, Blue River, fork of Kansas

Jedediah Smith to his brother, Blue River, fork of Kansas
Creator: Smith, Jedediah Strong, 1799-1831
Date: September 10, 1830
Writing this letter thirty miles from camp Leavenworth, Jedediah Strong Smith appeals to his brother Ralph Smith of Ohio to meet him in St. Louis. Jedediah discusses the death of his mother, a correspondence with a Doctor Simons, the nature of freindship and a debt owed to Ransom Clarke. Born in New York but raised in Ohio, Smith was ambitious for adventure and made numerous journies through the western territoires, gaining considerable fame as an explorer. In May 1831, at a water hole near Cimarron, Kansas, Smith was surrounded and killed by Comanches.


Jotham Meeker to Robert Simerwell

Jotham Meeker to Robert Simerwell
Creator: Meeker, Jotham, 1804-1855
Date: April 9, 1829
In this letter to Robert Simerwell, Jotham Meeker discusses some of the problems at the Thomas Mission that were due to the scarcity of food. In fact, Meeker explains that the lack of corn forced the missionaries at the Thomas Mission to dismiss their students for a time because they could not properly feed them. Included in this letter is a list of expenses incurred at the Thomas Mission during portions of 1828.


L. Bolles to Robert Simerwell

L. Bolles to Robert Simerwell
Creator: Bolles, L.
Date: June 24, 1829
In this letter to Robert Simerwell, L. Boles informs Simerwell that a large portion of the funding for the Carey Mission, Michigan Territory, will be cut because the Baptist Mission Board had decided that it "could not afford to keep up a large establishment as heretofore." However, Bolles does state that there is money available to Simerwell if needed.


Robert Simerwell to Jotham Meeker

Robert Simerwell to Jotham Meeker
Creator: Simerwell, Robert, 1786-1868
Date: March 2, 1830
In this letter to Jotham Meeker of the Thomas Mission, Robert Simerwell expresses his thoughts on the steps being taken by the United States Government to remove Indians from lands being overtaken by white settlers. In particular, Simerwell wonder what the government's actions might mean for the Indians he deals with on a daily basis, as well as what they mean for the United States. Concerning himself, Simerwell wonders if he will be able to continue his work because "there is a cloud hanging over my future prospects as a Missionary" due to the actions of the U.S. Congress.


Robert Simerwell to Maria Lyman

Robert Simerwell to Maria Lyman
Creator: Simerwell, Robert, 1786-1868
Date: July 28, 1829
In this letter to Mrs. Maria T. Lyman, Robert Simerwell discusses the activities of Isaac McCoy who was tasked to "proceed into the wilderness west of the Missouri State and to learn it fitness or unfitness for an Indian Colony." Simerwell explains that McCoy and his party had deemed the land to be suitable and, therefore, they hoped to start moving Native Indians to that area by the next season.


Robert Simerwell to R.W. Chessman

Robert Simerwell to R.W. Chessman
Creator: Simerwell, Robert, 1786-1868
Date: May 14, 1829
In this letter to Mr. R.W. Chessman, Robert Simerwell addresses an article that appeared in the "Western Times, No. 31, Vol. 1" on March 28, 1829. According to Simerwell, the article describes the life of an anonymous blacksmith that bears a striking resemblance to himself. Therefore, Simerwell seeks to explain the "truth" of his life to Mr. Chessman. In addition, Simerwell states that "the mission is not as likely to fail as many of its enemies would wish."


Robert Simerwell to Rev. Joseph B. Gilbert

Robert Simerwell to Rev. Joseph B. Gilbert
Creator: Simerwell, Robert, 1786-1868
Date: July 28, 1829
In this letter to Reverend Joseph B. Gilbert, Robert Simerwell thanks Gilbert for his group's donation of $17.78, and explains that Issac McCoy has not been at the Carey Mission, Michigan territory, for some time because he has been busy working to secure land west of Missouri for the Ottawas. At the time Simerwell wrote the letter, he states that the school at Carey had 36 students.


Robert Simerwell to Reverend John Chase

Robert Simerwell to Reverend John Chase
Creator: Simerwell, Robert, 1786-1868
Date: July 30, 1829
In this letter to Reverand John Chase, Robert Simerwell thanks Chase for the donation of clothing that was sent to the Carey Mission by the Sisters of the Baptist Church and Society in Brookfield, Massachusetts, who wanted to help the missionaries with their efforts to educate Native Indians in the West.


Silver Earrings from Fool Chief's Village, 14SH305

Silver Earrings from Fool Chief's Village, 14SH305
Date: 1828-1844
These silver earrings were recovered from the excavation in 2012 at Fool Chief's Village, a Kansa village in Shawnee County. The ball and cone earrings, both missing the ball portion, were a common trade item in the 19th century.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 21, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 21, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1822-1834
This volume contains the expenditure accounts of Indian agents for the upper Missouri River, including Benjamin O'Fallon, George H. Kennerly, and John Dougherty, as recorded by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition). Some of the expenditures include interpreter and agent salaries, supplies, and presents, such as beads and tobacco.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 22, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 22, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1828-1834
This volume contains the accounts of John F.A. Sanford, Indian agent for the upper Missouri River as recorded by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition). Some of the expenditures include interpreter and agent salaries, supplies, and presents, such as beads and tobacco.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 23, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 23, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1822-1834
This volume contains the account expenditures of Indian agent Lawrence Taliaferro from September 30, 1822 - September 30, 1834. It contains quarterly abstracts of disbursements, and reasons for payment, such as salaries for laborers and interpreters, transportation costs, stationary, and medical services, including one entry for milk given to Chippewa Indians in the hospital at Fort Snelling.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 26, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 26, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1826-1836
This volume contains records of accounts of Indian agents as recorded by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, at St. Louis, Missouri. These Indian agents included John F. Hamtramck, Lawrence Taliaferro, Pierre Menard, Jonathan L. Bean, John Dougherty, and John F.A. Sanford. Several pages in this volume are empty or missing. This volume also includes expenditures relating to the Treaty of Prairie du Chien of July 15, 1830. Such expenditures include the support of blacksmiths, the purchase of agricultural implements, and the education of Indian children from several tribes.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 29, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 29, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1826-1831
This volume contains records of purchases made and cash advances as recorded by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, at St. Louis, Missouri. This includes accounts for several people, such as Dr. Oliver Bangs, agriculturist for the Ioway Tribe, Dr. David Bailey and Dr. B.R. Brannen, agriculturists for the Osage Nation, Dr. Daniel M. Boon, agriculturist for the Kansas Indians, Robert Dunlap, blacksmith for the Osage Nation, James Poole, blacksmith for the Delawares, Gabriel Philliberre, blacksmith for the Kansas Indians, several Indian agents, and one contractor, Dr. K.J.C. Paddock, who was responsible for building houses for Osage chiefs. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 32, Claims under 1824 Sac and Fox Treaty

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 32, Claims under 1824 Sac and Fox Treaty
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1828-1837
This volume of miscellaneous papers from the United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri, includes a record of documents and correspondence relating to claims of half-breed Indians, under the Sac & Fox treaty of 1824, to a tract of land between the Des Moines River and the Mississippi River. A searchable, full-text version of this volume is available by clicking "Text Version" below. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 4, Correspondence

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 4, Correspondence
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1829-1832
This volume includes copies of some outgoing letters sent by William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition) who served as Indian superintendent for the central superintendency from 1807 until his death in 1838. Many of these letters were sent to the Secretary of War, John H. Eaton and Lewis Cass, and United States Treasury Department. A searchable, full-text version of this volume is available by clicking "Text Version" below. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


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