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Bone Button from Fool Chief's Village, 14SH305

Bone Button from Fool Chief's Village, 14SH305
Date: 1830-1844
This button was recovered from Fool Chief's Village, a Kansa village in Shawnee County that was the site of the 2012 Kansas Archeology Training Program after which excavations continued through 2013. This style of button was made of chow shin bone and used on men's shirts and underwear. The center hole was from the manufacturing process in which a hole was drilled in the bone to mount it on a lathe. The center hole would not have been used when sewing the button onto clothing. The button is 3/4" in diameter.


Bone Buttons from Cottonwood Ranch, 14SD327

Bone Buttons from Cottonwood Ranch, 14SD327
Date: 1878-1920
These three bone buttons were recovered during the 1990 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school at the Cottonwood Ranch in Sheridan County. Shown are two 2-hole pants buttons and a recessed 4-hole sew through button. The ranch was established by Abraham Pratt from Yorkshire, England, in 1878 to raise sheep. Pratt's son, John Fenton Pratt and his family continued to raise sheep at the ranch until 1904. Cottonwood Ranch is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and is a State Historic Site.


Bone Buttons from Fort Hays, 14EL301

Bone Buttons from Fort Hays, 14EL301
Date: 1867-1882
These five buttons were recovered in 1966 from excavations at historic Fort Hays in Ellis County by archeologists from the Kansas Historical Society. All six buttons are bone four hole sew through buttons, likely made with a lathe. Fort Hays was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971 and is a State Historic Site.


Brass Button from Kaw Mission, 14MO368

Brass Button from Kaw Mission, 14MO368
Date: 1834-1843
This brass 4-hole sew through button was recovered at the Kaw Mission during the 2018 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school. It was made by the Benedict & Burnham Manufacturing Company of Waterbury, Connecticut. The company produced brass buttons from 1834-1843. The Kaw Mission State Historic Site was built over the winter of 1850 - 1851 by the Methodist Episcopal Church South as a school for boys in the Kaw (or Kansa) tribe. The site was acquired by the state of Kansas in 1951 and listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.


Brass Buttons from Constitution Hall, 14DO321

Brass Buttons from Constitution Hall, 14DO321
Date: 1856-1920
These brass buttons were recovered during excavations in 1988 at Constitution Hall, in Lecompton, by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and crew. Three of the buttons are decorated in floral or linear patterns. The fourth button is a representation of Yum-Yum from Gilbert and Sullivan's 1885 opera The Mikado. Constitution Hall was constructed in 1855 and functioned in a variety of different roles. Constitution Hall is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and is a National Historical Landmark for its role in the 1857 Lecompton Constitution.


Brass Buttons from Cottonwood Ranch, 14SD327

Brass Buttons from Cottonwood Ranch, 14SD327
Date: 1878-1978
These three buttons were recovered during the 1990 and 2002 Kansas Archeology Training Program field schools at the Cottonwood Ranch in Sheridan County. The brass buttons are 4-hole sew through style. One has cotton thread present within the sew through holes. One button has the advertising "BEST SOLID EYELET" and another advertises "IMPROVED FOUR HOLES." These two buttons are generally associated with work wear. The ranch was established by Abraham Pratt from Yorkshire, England, in 1878 to raise sheep. Pratt's son, John Fenton Pratt and his family continued to raise sheep at the ranch until 1904. Cottonwood Ranch is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and is a State Historic Site.


Button and Buttonhook from the Woods Site, 14CY30

Button and Buttonhook from the Woods Site, 14CY30
Date: Between 1850 and 1920
This button and buttonhook were recovered from a Clay County Middle Ceramic period village with a historic component near the surface. The black and brown china button is decorated in a bullseye pattern. Buttonhooks were used to aid in fastening tight buttons, often on boots or gloves.


Button from a Kansa Site, 14SH302

Button from a Kansa Site, 14SH302
Date: 1831-1848
This navy blue glass button was recovered from 14SH302. The button was a surface find during a 2014 survey by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and volunteers. 14SH302 is the possible location of American Chief's Village, the smallest of three Kansa Indian Villages in Shawnee County. It is a cone shaped button with a loop attachment.


Buttons from 14CT380

Buttons from 14CT380
Date: 1900-1965
These buttons were recovered in 1995 during an archeological salvage project undertaken by Kansas Historical Society archeologists at a Chautauqua County farmstead. One metal button front advertises the "LAKIN MCKEY" company, manufacturers of work wear from 1908 to 1938. Another metal button front has the words "THE TOOTLE," though the reference is unknown. Also shown is a Bakelite (early synthetic plastic) two-hole sew through button and a plastic molded cut out shank button with a blue and gold geometric pattern. Another plastic blue speckled two-hole sew through button was recovered from the cistern at the farmstead.


Buttons from 14LV334

Buttons from 14LV334
Date: 1830-1900
These four buttons were collected from a multicomponent site overlooking the Missouri River in Leavenworth County. The site, with occupations in the Middle Ceramic and Historic periods, may have once been a Kickapoo habitation site in addition to later habitations. The buttons include a ladies dress button made of jet with a linear design and a loop or shank back; a metal four-hole sew through button, likely for pants; a white china four-hole dish button; and a wooden recessed four-hole sew through button.


Buttons from 14MY349

Buttons from 14MY349
Date: 1853-1920
These three buttons were collected from a multicomponent site in Montgomery County with both Historic and Early Ceramic period artifacts. They were donated in 1972 and 1973 to the Kansas Historical Society. The site has been much impacted by pot hunters and a reservoir. From left to right they are a black Novelty Rubber Company Goodyear button with a loop attachment that dates to 1853-1886; a plain wooden button painted black with a flat top and a loop attachment; and an iridescent button, possibly glass, depicting a mill and water wheel with a loop attachment.


Buttons from a Chautauqua County Farmstead, 14CT374

Buttons from a Chautauqua County Farmstead, 14CT374
Date: 1878-1935
These buttons were recovered from a farmstead in Chautauqua County during a 1995 salvage excavation by Kansas Historical Society archeologists. Shown are a bone 4-hole sew-through button, a glass 4-hole dish button, and a black cut-out shank button with a floral and geometric art deco decorative style, popular in the 1920s and 1930s.


Buttons from Constitution Hall, 14DO321

Buttons from Constitution Hall, 14DO321
Date: 1856-1986
These china buttons, all with assorted colors around and on their edges, were recovered during excavations at Constitution Hall. The Hall, in Lecompton, was designated a National Historical Landmark for its role in the 1857 Lecompton Constitution and is also listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The building was constructed in 1855 and functioned in a variety of different roles. In the summer and fall of 1988 Kansas Historic Society archeologists excavated at the site, trying to trace construction history prior to renovation.


Buttons from Constitution Hall, 14DO321

Buttons from Constitution Hall, 14DO321
Date: 1856-1940
These five buttons were collected during an excavation in 1988 by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and crew members at Constitution Hall in Lecompton. Shown are dome and cone shaped buttons, a diamond shaped button, and decorated hard rubber buttons (one with a lucky four-leaf clover). Constitution Hall was named a National Historical Landmark for its role in the 1857 Lecompton Constitution and is also listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The building was constructed in 1855 and functioned in a variety of different roles. In 1988 and 1990 Kansas Historic Society archeologists and crew excavated at the site, trying to trace construction history prior to renovation.


Buttons from Constitution Hall, 14DO321

Buttons from Constitution Hall, 14DO321
Date: 1856-1986
These four white buttons were recovered from Constitution Hall in Lecompton during excavations in 1988 by Kansas Historical archeologists and crew members. The buttons shown here are a child's four-hole shell button, a china four-hole Prosser button, a four-hole dish button, and a single hole button with concentric rings. Constitution Hall served as the seat of the Kansas Territorial government in 1857 and 1858. Lecompton Constitution Hall was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971, and as a National Historic Landmark in 1974.


Buttons from Constiution Hall, 14DO321

Buttons from Constiution Hall, 14DO321
Date: 1856-1986
These buttons were recovered during an excavation in 1988 by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and crew members at Constitution Hall in Lecompton. Shown are recessed 4-hole sew through buttons, black and white china calico button in a daisy pattern and a plant pattern, 2-hole and 4-hole sew through buttons, and shank buttons. The hall was constructed in 1855 and functioned in a variety of different roles. Constitution Hall is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and is a National Historical Landmark for its role in the 1857 Lecompton Constitution.


Buttons from Fort Dodge, 14FD315

Buttons from Fort Dodge, 14FD315
Date: 1865-1882
These buttons were recovered from Fort Dodge in Ford County during excavation by Kansas Historical Society archeologists in 1996. Shown are 2-hole buttons made of shell and hard rubber. The fort was located on one of the camping grounds at the intersection of the dry and wet routes of the Santa Fe Trail. The fort's primary mission was to protect wagons on the trail.


Buttons from Fort Harker, 14EW310

Buttons from Fort Harker, 14EW310
Date: 1867-1872
These buttons were recovered from Fort Harker during the 1996 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school. Shown are two decorated metal buttons, a glass dome-shaped button, 2-hole glass and shell buttons, and a 4-hole glass piecrust type button. Fort Harker was located adjacent to what was to become the town of Kanopolis in Ellsworth County.


Buttons from Fort Hays, 14EL301

Buttons from Fort Hays, 14EL301
Date: 1867-1889
These three buttons are just a few examples of the many buttons collected during excavation in 1966 by Kansas Historical Society archeologists at historic Fort Hays. On the far left is a gilt button front. In the center is a fast deteriorating composite button made of glass, brass and ferrous materials with a red enamel flower under the glass. On the right is a brass button with a fragment of enamel decoration still present. Fort Hays was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971 and is a State Historic Site.


Buttons from Fort Zarah, 14BT301

Buttons from Fort Zarah, 14BT301
Date: 1864-1869
Shown are two buttons recovered from Fort Zarah during the 1969 Kansas Archeological Training Program field school, a joint project undertaken by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and Kansas Anthropological Association volunteers. Both buttons have alpha shank backs. One was made of black painted metal and is decorated with rosettes. The other is a white dome style button with a brown swirl pattern. Fort Zarah, located along the Santa Fe trail in Barton County, was active from 1864 to 1869.


Buttons from Fort Zarah, 14BT301

Buttons from Fort Zarah, 14BT301
Date: 1864-1869
These five buttons were recovered from Fort Zarah. Shown are two china 4-hole dish buttons, a bone 4-hole button with a recessed center, a metal 4-hole pants button, and a shell 2-hole sew through button with a raised center. The buttons were excavated during the 1969 Kansas Archeological Training Program field school, a joint project undertaken by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and Kansas Anthropological Association volunteers. Fort Zarah was a small outpost on the Santa Fe trail in Barton County manned between 1864 to 1869.


Buttons from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327

Buttons from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327
Date: 1855-1912
These five buttons were just a few of those recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years. The buttons include two bone 4-hole recessed buttons, half of a dark blue china 4-hole button, a metal loop or shank button that may have once had a pattern, and a small metal 2-hole button.


Buttons from the Baker House, 14MO701

Buttons from the Baker House, 14MO701
Date: 1862
These buttons were recovered during excavations at the Baker house in Morris County, undertaken by Emporia State Teacher's College (now Emporia State University) archeological field school in 1972. Three of the buttons are made of bone and are burned and stained from the fire. The fourth button is a metal four-hole dish style. The site, along the Santa Fe Trail in Morris County, was the location of the Baker house, which burned in 1862, along with the nearby store, during the murder of the proprietor A.I. Baker by "Bloody Bill" Anderson and his cohorts.


Buttons from the Baker House, 14MO701

Buttons from the Baker House, 14MO701
Date: 1862
These buttons were recovered during excavations at the Baker house, in Morris County, undertaken by Emporia State Teacher's College (now Emporia State University) archeological field school in 1972. They are made of white glass and are all a four-hole dish style. The site, along the Santa Fe Trail in Morris County, was the location of the Baker house, which burned in 1862, along with the nearby store, during the murder of the proprietor A.I. Baker by "Bloody Bill" Anderson and his cohorts.


Buttons from the Baker House and Store, 14MO701

Buttons from the Baker House and Store, 14MO701
Date: 1862
These five buttons were among the many collected during excavations in 1972-1973 by the Kansas State Teacher's College (now Emporia State University). Shown are two white four-hole piecrusts china buttons, a black and gold fancy button, a white two-hole prosser button and a four-hole dish button. The collection was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1993. The Baker store and nearby house were situated along the Santa Fe trail. The owner, A. I. Baker, was murdered in 1862 by "Bloody Bill" Anderson and his cohorts, who also burned the store and house.


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