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A Man's Reasons Against Woman Suffrage

A Man's Reasons Against Woman Suffrage
Date: March 9, 1910
Frank Foxcroft of Boston, Massachusetts, presented these remarks against woman's suffrage before the Judiciary Committee of the New York Legislature. He argues that most women do not want the ballot and that women already have too many burdens. He continues by discussing various other arguments opposed to woman's suffrage. He mentions Kansas on page 4 of the pamphlet. His remarks were printed by the Massachusetts Association Opposed to the Further Extension of Suffrage to Women.


Address to the Voters of Kansas

Address to the Voters of Kansas
Creator: Pomeroy, S. C. (Samuel Clarke), 1816-1891
Date: September 25, 1867
The numerous authors of this pamphlet (Republicans) support the constitutional amendments to approve voting rights for blacks, for women, and to restrict voting rights to "loyal persons." They offer arguments for their position as well as criticizing the Democratic Party in Kansas for their opposition to these amendments. Forty five men signed the document, which was the result of a meeting in Lawrence. The following signed the document S. C. Pomeroy, Atchison; E. G. Ross, Lawrence; S. J. Crawford, Topeka; N. Green, Manhattan; Chas. Robinson, Lawrence; Geo T. Anthony, Leavenworth; Lewis Bodwell, Topeka; R. B. Taylor, editor Wyandotte Gazette; J. P. Root, Whandotte; James Rogers, Burlingame; S. Weaver, Editor Lecompton New Era; L. R. Elliott, Editor Atchison Daily Free Press; W. A. Starrett, Lawrence; Wm. Larimer, Jr., Leavenworth; John Ritchie, Topeka; John Ekin, Topeka; Sol. Miller, Editor White Cloud Chief; A. H. Foote, Lawrence; C. B. Lines, Wabaunsee; R. G. Elliott, Jefferson county; G. A. Crawford, Bourbon county; John Speer, Kansas Tribune; A. Low, Doniphan; R. W. Jenkins, Pottawatomie county; Ed. Russell, Leavenworth; J. H. Pillsbury, Editor Manhattan Independent; S. D. Houston, Manhattan; W. K. Marshall, Atchison; F. G. Adams, Kennekuk; P. L. Hubbard, Atchison; A. Hunting, Manhattan; J. B. Abbott, De Soto; Joseph Denison, Manhattan; T. H. Baker, Manhattan, H. W. Farnsworth, Topeka; I. H. Smith, Topeka; D. R. Anthony, Leavenworth; G. W. Higginbotham, Manhattan; John Pipher, Manhattan, R. L. Harford, Manhattan; Jas. Humphrey, Manhattan; Wm McKay, Manhattan; R. P. Duvall, Manhattan; Pardee Butler, Pardee; and L. F. Green, Baldwin City. Only the language restricting voting to "loyal" persons was passed in the election on November 5, 1867. Blacks and women were not given voting rights as a result of the 1867 election.


American Woman and Her Political Peers

American Woman and Her Political Peers
Creator: Ford, W. A.
Date: between 1892 and 1893
This 58" x 48" pastel is titled American Woman and her Political Peers. Pictured at the center is Frances E. Willard, American educator and reformer. Portrayed around Miss Willard (clockwise from upper left) are a mentally disabled man, a convict, a madman, and a disenfranchised Native American. Henrietta Briggs-Wall of Hutchinson, Reno County, Kansas, designed the picture and commissioned Mr. W. A. Ford, also of Hutchinson, to execute it. Mrs. Briggs-Wall was active with the Kansas Equal Suffrage Association and with national and state chapters of the Women's Christian Temperance Union.


American woman and her political peers

American woman and her political peers
Creator: Briggs-Wall, Henrietta
Date: 1893
This cabinet card shows a painting titled American Woman and Her Political Peers by Henrietta Briggs-Wall. On the reverse, is a description of the painting's representation.


An Open Letter to the Legislatures of Nebraska, Kansas and Colorado

An Open Letter to the Legislatures of Nebraska, Kansas and Colorado
Creator: Packard, Mrs. E. P. W.
Date: 1883
Mrs. Packard of Chicago, Illinois, was asking the legislatures of Nebraska, Kansas, and Colorado for their support for two laws--one to end censorship of the correspondence of inmates of insane asylums and the second to protect the legal identity of married women. The pamphlet explains that she has a petition of 804 signatures that includes the governors the the three states; numerous state, county and municipal officers; various judges; clergymen; and many other respected officials. She includes excerpts from letters of endorsement and 18 of those are Kansans.


An act conferring upon women the right to vote

An act conferring upon women the right to vote
Creator: Kansas Legislature.
Date: 1893
In 1893, state senator Michael Senn sponsored Senate Bill 94, An Act conferring upon Women the Right to Vote, before the Kansas Legislature. The Judiciary Committee, chaired by A. W. Dennison, recommended to the Senate that the bill not be passed. Kansas women gained the right to vote in municipal elections in 1887, but it was not until 1912 that the state approved full female suffrage.


An epoch marking opinion by Justice John Dawson of the Supreme Court of Kansas

An epoch marking opinion by Justice John Dawson of the Supreme Court of Kansas
Creator: Monroe, Lilla Day, 1858-1929
Date: 1921
Lilla Day Monroe authored this pamphlet on behalf of the Topeka Good Government Club's Committee on Legislation. It includes excerpts concerning the property rights of married women and the rights of children to inherit from their mother. The pamphlet discusses the efforts of the Good Government Club of Topeka to secure passage of a law supporting property rights for women. Monroe was writing about an opinion of Justice John Dawson of the Kansas Supreme Court in case 104 (pp. 47-57), which she felt provided legal interpretation supporting women's property rights. She applauded the support for abused wives but felt the opinion did not adequately discuss the rights of children. Her retelling of the plantiff's case describes in detail the abuses that Ida Doe suffered at the hands of her husband.


Anna Margaret (Watson) Randolph

Anna Margaret (Watson) Randolph
Date: Between 1858 and 1868
This photograph is of Anna Margaret (Watson) Randolph, who moved from Ohio to Emporia in 1858. Shortly after her arrival, she married Joseph Vance Randolph with whom she had seven children. Anna was a passionate advocate of the abolition of slavery, and in the years following the Civil War, she also supported prohibition and women's suffrage.


Annie (Le Porte) Diggs

Annie (Le Porte) Diggs
Creator: Snyder
Date: Between 1890 and 1899
A portrait of Annie (Le Porte) Diggs, who was born in 1848 in Canada to an American mother and French father. Two years later the family moved to New Jersey, where she attended school. Diggs moved to Lawrence, Kansas, in 1873 and married Alvin S. Diggs shortly thereafter. While in Kansas, Diggs began to attend the local Unitarian Church and developed a strong sense of moral responsibility that prompted her to work for temperance and women's suffrage. During 1882, Diggs and her husband published the newspaper Kansas Liberal, and beginning in 1890 she was the associate editor of the Alliance Advocate. As a radical reformer seeking to wipe out injustice, Diggs also allied herself with the Farmer's Alliance, aiding in the creation of the People's (Populist) Party, serving on the Populist National Committee, and supporting the fusion of the Populist and Democratic parties in the 1898 election. Throughout this time she continued to work actively for women's voting rights and served in the Kansas Equal Suffrage Association. In 1898, she was appointed the state librarian of Kansas, and she was also elected president of Kansas Press Women in 1905. Diggs moved to New York City in 1906, where she worked on two publications: The Story of Jerry Simpson (1908) and Bedrock (1912). She relocated to Detroit, Michigan, in 1912 and died there on September 7, 1916.


Annual Convention of the Kansas League of Women Voters

Annual Convention of the Kansas League of Women Voters
Creator: League of Women Voters of Kansas
Date: March 1, 1923-March 2, 1923
One page program lists the speakers for the Fourth Annual Convention of the Kansas League of Women Voters. The convention was held at the Hotel Lassen in Wichita, Kansas, March 1-2, 1923. The heading includes the names of the directors, officers and committee chairs.


Can't fix women's wages

Can't fix women's wages
Date: July 11, 1925
The Kansas Court of Industrial relations is not empowered to determine minimum wage for women and minors in industry reads an article in the Kansas City Star. The constitutional right of the Industrial Court to fix wages continued for several years following the creation of the Court by a special session of the Kansas Legislature in 1921. Challenged by the Topeka Packing Company and the Topeka Laundry Company in the United States Supreme Court, the court was declared unconstitutional in 1925.


Carry Amelia Nation diary and scrapbook

Carry Amelia Nation diary and scrapbook
Creator: Nation, Carry Amelia Moore, 1846-1911
Date: 1870-1900
Although difficult to read due to considerable water damage, Carry Nation's diary and scrapbook records her concern for her family, fear for her marriage to David Nation, and worry for her daughter's health. The book also contains information on the family's economic life with lists of purchases and farm commodities sold, descriptions of their work to establish hotels in Texas, and several moves for health or economic reasons. The diary has two distinct parts. The first part (pages 1-200) is primarily a scrapbook pasted over a hand written ledger. The second part (pages 201-320) is primarily a journal that includes some accounts and copies of songs. Each part includes many unnumbered pages. Each unnumbered page is identified with a lowercase letter. The letters return to "a" again for the second part. Each part also includes many missing pages. The first part is missing pages 29-32, 75-138, 147-154, 172-174, 185-188 and 191-192. The second part is missing pages 213-214, 253-254, 269-274 and 279-282. The Carry Nation Memorial Home of Medicine Lodge, Kansas, donated the diary and scrapbook to the Kansas Historical Society in 1990. The diary forms series one of the Carry Amelia Nation papers, Manuscript coll. 744. A transcription of pages 201-320 is available by clicking on Text Version below. In the early 20th century, Carry Nation championed women's rights and the prohibition of alcoholic beverages and gained international attention for opposing illegal saloons by smashing them with a hatchet. A complete description of the entire collection is available through a link below.


Carry Amelia Nation miscellaneous collection

Carry Amelia Nation miscellaneous collection
Creator: Nation, Carry Amelia Moore, 1846-1911
Date: 1900-1961
These materials include letters written by Carry Amelia Nation possibly between 1900 and 1906, and letters, articles, and other items written about her between 1901 and 1961. These papers originally comprised the Carry Nation miscellaneous collection which included materials received from many sources over a period of many years. This collection is now included as series 2 of the Carry Nation Papers, Manuscript Coll. #744. In the early 20th century, Carry Nation championed women's rights and the prohibition of alcoholic beverages and gained international attention for opposing illegal saloons by smashing them with a hatchet. A complete description of the entire collection is available through a link below.


Carry Amelia Nation papers

Carry Amelia Nation papers
Creator: Nation, Carry Amelia Moore, 1846-1911
Date: 1901-1919
These papers include materials written by or concerning Carry A. Nation such as letters and poetry received, memorabilia, and the Callie Moore papers. The Callie Moore papers include letters & postcards received by Callie Moore from her aunt, Carry Nation (Callie was the daughter of Carry's brother Campbell). Jerald and Dianne Kelly donated the papers to the Kansas Historical Society (KHS) in 1999. This collection comprises the third and final series of the Carry Nation Papers, Manuscript Coll. #744. In the early 20th century, Carry Nation championed women's rights and the prohibition of alcoholic beverages and gained international attention for opposing illegal saloons by smashing them with a hatchet. A complete description of the entire collection is available through a link below.


Championship of Woman

Championship of Woman
Creator: Train, George Francis, 1829-1904
Date: 1867
This pamphlet contains excerpts from and/or newspaper accounts of thirty speeches that George Francis Train, a supporter of women's rights, gave in Kansas over a two week period in October and November of 1867. Train came to Kansas after participating in an excursion to the Rocky Mountains with approximately 200 newspapermen to hunt buffalo. Numerous Kansas women's suffrage supporters are mentioned in the booklet. Train gave speeches in Leavenworth, Lawrence, Olathe, Paola, Ottawa, Mound City, Fort Scott, LeRoy, Humboldt, Burlington, Emporia, Junction City, Topeka, Atchison, Wyandotte, and possibly other communities. Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were also campaigning in Kansas and shared the podium and/or communicated with Train. Train was an author, speaker, and a celebrity for his eccentricity.


Charles Monroe Sheldon

Charles Monroe Sheldon
Date: Between 1900 and 1920
Charles Monroe Sheldon, pastor of Central Congregational Church in Topeka, Kansas, organized the first Black kindergarten west of the Mississippi River. It was known as the Tennesseetown Kindergarten. He is best known for his novel "In His Steps" or "What Would Jesus Do?"


Child labor and woman suffrage

Child labor and woman suffrage
Creator: The Club Member
Date: January 1907
This brief article in The Club Member describes the problem of child labor, arguing that in states where women had the right to vote "child labor and illiteracy have ceased to be problems." This information is taken from an article called "Treason of the Senate" by David Graham Phillips.


Chivalry or the Ballot!  Which? Or Aren't You Asking too Much for That Seat, Brother?

Chivalry or the Ballot! Which? Or Aren't You Asking too Much for That Seat, Brother?
Creator: Monroe, Lilla Day, 1858-1929
Date: November 5, 1912
This leaflet was prepared and distributed by the Good Government Club of Topeka. It was supporting the passage of the women's voting rights amendment on the November 5, 1912 ballot. The pamphlet addresses the question that if women want equal rights they should not expect courtesies from men in a somewhat aggressive manner. It was authored by Lilla Day Monroe, president of the Good Government Club.


Circular of the State Impartial Suffrage Association

Circular of the State Impartial Suffrage Association
Date: 1867
This circular describes the efforts to secure suffrage for blacks and women in the state of Kansas. The flyer indicates the Henry B. Blackwell of New York and Mrs. Lucy Stone were traveling in Kansas at that time. The Association was being organized in 1867. S. N. Wood was the corresponding secretary for the association. There is a hand written note on the back from H. C. Whitney, Lawrence, Kansas, indicating his willingness to speak for the group.


Clarina Irene Howard Nichols

Clarina Irene Howard Nichols
Date: between 1855 and 1861
Portrait of Clarina Irene Howard Nichols, 1810-1885. Nichols and her husband settled in Quindaro, Wyandotte County, Kansas Territory, where she was active in politics and women's rights. Nichols attended the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention in 1859, where she secured for Kansas women liberal property rights, equal guardianship of their children, and the right to vote on all school questions. Susan B. Anthony paid tribute to Clarina Nichols in her book, "History of Woman Suffrage."


Clarina Irene Howard Nichols

Clarina Irene Howard Nichols
Date: Between 1845 and 1861
This photograph is a studio portrait of Clarina Irene Howard Nichols. In 1854 Nichols joined the New England Emigrant Aid Society and moved her family to a claim in southern Douglas County, near Lawrence, Kansas Territory. Her husband died the next year and in 1856 Nichols moved the family to Wyandotte County where she became associate editor of the Quindaro Chindowan, an abolitionist newspaper. Nichols attended the Wyandotte Constitutional Convention in 1859 where she secured liberal property rights for Kansas women, equal guardianship of their children, and the right to vote on all school questions. Susan B. Anthony paid tribute to Clarina Nichols in her book, "History of Woman Suffrage."


Congressman Davis Before the United State Senate Committee

Congressman Davis Before the United State Senate Committee
Creator: Davis, John, 1826-1901
Date: May, 1894
Congressman John Davis of Kansas testified for political rights for women before the United States Special Committee on Woman Suffrage on February 21, 1894. He was introduced by Mrs. Annie L. Diggs. Her introduction and his testimony were published in the May 1894 issue of The National Bulletin, Vol. 3, No. 2, Washington, D. C. Davis offered a number of arguments in support of voting rights for women.


Convention of the Kansas State Suffrage Association/League of Women Voters

Convention of the Kansas State Suffrage Association/League of Women Voters
Creator: Kansas State Suffrage Association
Date: June 10, 1919-June 11, 1919
This program is for a joint convention of the Kansas State Suffrage Association and the League of Women Voters of Kansas. The event was held at the Hotel Lassen in Wichita, Kansas, June 10-11, 1919. It lists the order of events and the participants, with some hand written corrections. The officers are listed as is the committee handling the arrangements. Several well-known female activists in Kansas were involved.


Delegates to the Kansas Equal Suffrage Association, Topeka, Kansas

Delegates to the Kansas Equal Suffrage Association, Topeka, Kansas
Date: 1916
A photograph showing a group of delegates to the Kansas Equal Suffrage Association in Topeka, Shawnee County. This group voted to affiliate with the national association as support for a women's suffrage amendment to the U. S. Constitution. Kansas women had already won the right to vote in 1912.


E. W. Hoch to Lilla Day Monroe

E. W. Hoch to Lilla Day Monroe
Creator: The Club Member
Date: July 1908
This eloquent letter, which serves as the frontspiece of the July 1908 issue, outlines E. W. Hoch's reasons for supporting women's suffrage. Hoch wrote that "the right to participate in government rests primarily, I think, upon the ability to contribute virtue and intelligence to government and that women possess this fundamental qualification." Above the letter is a formal portrait of Hoch. Lilla Day Monroe, the recipient of the original letter, was editor of The Club Member and an active supporter of women's rights.


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