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Volume 17, 1926-1928

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Rice Hall and Crane Observatory, Washburn University, Topeka, Kansas Rice Hall and Crane Observatory, Washburn University, Topeka, Kansas

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A common-sense view of the anarchist case, with some points apparently unnoticed by others

A common-sense view of the anarchist case, with some points apparently unnoticed by others
Creator: Clemens, G. C. (Gaspar Christopher), 1849-1906
Date: 1890s
This pamphlet, apparently, was written by G. C. Clemens. It presents the populist perspective on events related to the Haymarket Massacre in Chicago, Illinois, on May 4, 1886. It is dedicated to Gov. Oglesby of Illinois who commuted the sentences of two of the men convicted in the case from death to life terms. The original is fragile but most of the text is available. A few letters or a word may be missing from what were the inside margins of the item.


Charter of the Kansas Sinaloa Investment Company, Dickinson County, Kansas

Charter of the Kansas Sinaloa Investment Company, Dickinson County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas Sinaloa Investment Company
Date: July 11, 1889
This is the original charter for the Kansas Sinaloa Investment Company of Dickinson County, Kansas. The corporation charter was filed with the Kansas Secretary of State's Office on July 11, 1889. The directors were: C. B. Hoffman, Enterprise, Kansas; J. W. Breidenthal, Chetopa, Kansas; Mrs. U. A. McOmber, Ottawa, Kansas; James Butler, Palco, Kansas; J. N. Limbocker, Manhattan, Kansas; C. J. Lamb, Kirwin, Kansas; P. B. Maxon, Emporia, Kansas; G. C. Miller, Ellis, Kansas, and G. C. Clemens, Topeka, Kansas. The group provided financial support for a utopian colony on Topolobampo Bay on the Gulf of California in Mexico, which was founded by the Credit Foncier Company of Sinaloa. Christian B. Hoffman was an idealistic banker and mill owner who led a group of Kansas colonists to Topolobampo in 1891. However, he withdrew his involvement in May, 1893, after disagreements with the leader of Credit Foncier, Albert Kimsey Owen.


Emanuel Haldeman-Julius

Emanuel Haldeman-Julius
Date: 1925
An informal postcard portrait of social activist and Girard, Kansas publisher Emanuel Haldeman-Julius with lawyer Clarence Darrow. The young woman shown standing between them may be his wife, Marcet Haldeman-Julius.


Frank H. Doster, Chief Justice of the Kansas Supreme Court, 1897-1903

Frank H. Doster, Chief Justice of the Kansas Supreme Court, 1897-1903
Date: July, 1902
Portrait of Frank H. Doster (b. 1847, d. 1933), who served as the Chief Justice of the Kansas Supreme Court from 1897 to 1903. He was part of the Populist movement in Kansas and later became a socialist.


Gaspar Christopher Clemens

Gaspar Christopher Clemens
Creator: Downing, George
Date: Unknown
This black and white photograph shows Gasper Christopher Clemens. A Topeka attorney who represented clients from all walks of life. Clemens also gained the reputation as a lecturer who discussed the political issues of the day. When the Populist Party gained momentum in Kansas, Clemens became an active member and served in several positions. One was as legal adviser to Populist Governor Lorenzo D. Lewelling and the other as a court reporter to the Kansas Supreme Court. His battle for justice and equality for the common man, prompted Clemens to break away from the Populist Party, in 1897, and organize within the state the Socialist Party. In 1900, Clemens became the Socialist candidate for Kansas Governor and received about 1,200 votes. With this encouragement, he became the 1902 Socialist candidate for attorney general but was unsuccessful in his bid. After the defeat Clemens returned to his law practice to advocate and defend those in need.


Gaspar Christopher Clemens, The Labor Problem

Gaspar Christopher Clemens, The Labor Problem
Creator: Clemens, G. C. (Gaspar Christopher), 1849-1906
Date: 1887
This pamphlet is "for the Busy and the Tired." The author, G. C. Clemens, writes about the proverty that exists for most workers, including farmers. The original is extremely fragile and portions of the text are missing.


Gasper Christopher Clemens

Gasper Christopher Clemens
Date: Between 1890 and 1910
This black and white photograph shows Gasper Christopher Clemens. A Topeka attorney who represented clients from all walks of life whom were believed to be falsely accused or denied their personal rights. Clemens also gained the reputation as a lecturer who discussed the political issues of the day. When the Populist Party gained momentum in Kansas, Clemens became an active member and served in several positions. One of those positions was legal adviser to Populist Governor Lorenzo D. Lewelling, and the other as court reporter to the Kansas Supreme Court. His battle for justice and equality for the common man prompted Clemens to break away from the Populist Party, in 1897, and to organize within the state the Socialist Party. In 1900, Clemens became the Socialist candidate for Kansas Governor and received about 1,200 votes. With this encouragement, he became the 1902 Socialist candidate for attorney general but was unsuccessful in his bid. After his defeat, Clemens returned to his law practice to advocate and defend those in need.


George D. Brewer

George D. Brewer
Date: Between 1914 and 1916
This black and white photograph shows George D. Brewer. An active member of the Socialist Party in Crawford County, Kansas, Brewer served as the leading journalist for the party's newspapers the "Appeal to Reason" and the "Worker's Chronicle". In the spring of 1914 he was elected as a national committeeman to the Socialist Party. The honor and privilege of being a delegate to the national party gave Brewer the name recognition he needed. In November of 1914, he was elected on the Socialist ticket to the Kansas Legislature. Brewer served the Twentieth District of the House of Representatives, (1914 -1916). In the November general election, of 1916, Brewer was defeated by Republican candidate F.A. Jewell, by a vote of 3,373 to 3,034. He return to private life after his political career and lectured for the Non-Partisan League in Minnesota and North Dakota. He passed away in January of 1967.


Socialist cartoon

Socialist cartoon
Creator: Wayland, Julius Augustus
Date: 1898
This postcard published by Julius Augustus Wayland, editor and publisher of the Socialist newspaper the "Appeal To Reason", illustrates the class struggle from the Socialist's point of view.


Taming the Trusts

Taming the Trusts
Creator: Vrooman, Carl S.
Date: July 1900
This pamphlet/magazine was the first issue ( Vol. 1 No. 1) of The Advocate Quarterly published in Topeka, Kansas. The author was Carl S. Vrooman. The three sections of the publication are titled 1) The Diary of a Kansas Republican, 2) A Kansas Populist Abroad, and 3)Twentieth Century Democracy. The appendix contains an address by George Fred Williams, testimony of the Inter-State Commerce Commission, statements from Thomas Jefferson favoring government ownership of transportation, and Joseph Chamberlain's account of municipal socialism. The various segments of this publication support Populist beliefs.


The Appeal To Reason,  Girard, Kansas

The Appeal To Reason, Girard, Kansas
Date: Between 1897 and 1912
This photograph shows bundles of the Appeal to Reason, newspaper ready for mailing at the depot in Girard, Kansas. The Appeal to Reason was an independent newspaper first published in Kansas City Missouri and later in Girard, Kansas, by it's founder Julius Wayland. The political publication consisted of three to four pages of articles and headlines about Socialism in America.


The key to culture

The key to culture
Creator: Haldeman-Julius, E. (Emanuel), 1888-1951
Date: 1928
Book edited by Emmanuel Haldeman-Julius of Girard, Kansas, describing the cultural distinctiveness of Buddhism and Confusionism found in Indian and Chinese society. Due to copyright restrictions, only the cover of the book is available in Kansas Memory at this time.


The ultimate aim of trades-unions

The ultimate aim of trades-unions
Creator: Clemens, G. C. (Gaspar Christopher), 1849-1906
Date: 1890s
This pamphlet by G. C. Clemens discusses the need for labor reform through trade unions. He compares that movement to other 19th century reform movements such as the antislavery movement. The original is fragile and some of the content is missing on the interior margin of the pamphlet.


Topolobampo Bay Colony, Mexico

Topolobampo Bay Colony, Mexico
Creator: Charbo, Eileen
Date: Bulk 1966 - 1976
This folder contains two letters, typewritten notes, and a brochure. Eileen Charbo sent the first letter, written March 10, 1976 in Mexico City, to Joe Snell, former Secretary of the Kansas Historical Society. In it Charbo explains that she is enclosing another letter--written April 4, 1966 in Mankato, Kansas--from her uncle Clare Jones (her mother's older brother) and aunt Mabel Zoe (Brown) Jones. The Jones' letter discusses farm life and family members in the 1890s, including Henry Osborne Benedict, Charbo's great-grandfather, who was involved with the Kansas-Sinaloa Investment Company. This Kansas corporation, founded in 1889, tried to establish a socialist utopian community on Topolobampo Bay, Old Mexico. Benedict lived there for over two years, but returned "a broken man." The Kansas-Sinaloa Investment Company's charter, which lists the Kansans who were officers of the company, is linked below. An eight-page brochure titled, "Copper Canyon: Majestic Caverns of the Tarahumara," and two pages about "Points of Interest" in Chihuahua city are also displayed here.


Wichita Socialist Wichita, Kansas

Wichita Socialist Wichita, Kansas
Creator: Harden, H.T.
Date: Between December 14, 1915 and December 15, 1915
Kansas State Socialist Convention in Wichita, Kansas.


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