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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.

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Objects and Artifacts - Personal Artifacts - Clothing - Clothing, Outerwear - Coat - Uniform - (Military)

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Brigadier general's coat

Brigadier general's coat
Creator: M.C. Lilley and Company
Date: between 1893 and 1905
Kansas National Guard brigadier general's coat. Navy blue wool, double breasted with two rows of four pairs of gilded buttons. The coat belonged to Brigadier General James White Frierson Hughes. Hughes was born in Tennessee in 1860 and came to Topeka, Kansas, after graduating from university in 1881. He served in the Kansas National Guard, commanding the 3rd Regiment at the time of the 1893 Legislative Wars, during which he was court martialed for refusing to deploy troops to the capitol to maintain order. He was later reinstated and made a major general. From 1905 to 1909 Hughes served as the state's Adjutant General. In addition to his role in the National Guard, Hughes filled several civic positions, including stints as the mayor of Potwin and the mayor of Topeka, as well as serving on the Topeka city council. He died in 1945.


Kansas National Guard uniform coat

Kansas National Guard uniform coat
Date: 1906
Kansas National Guard Chief musician's uniform coat. Navy blue wool with gold piping around the collar, shoulder flaps, and cuffs. It is shown here with the matching uniform pants. This uniform belonged to James C. Hughes. Born in Topeka, Kansas, in 1888, Hughes joined the Kansas National Guard as a trumpeter in 1905. He wore this uniform in 1906. It was the beginning of a lifelong military career. Hughes served in the Mexican Border Conflict, World War I, and World War II. In 1942, he was captured by the Japanese on the Bataan peninsula and spent the next 41 months in various Japanese POW camps. He was liberated by Russian forces at Camp Hoten, Manchuria, in 1945. Colonel Hughes died in 1964 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


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