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A. J. Arnold to Joseph Hebbard

A. J. Arnold to Joseph Hebbard
Creator: Arnold, A. J.
Date: August 11, 1892
In this brief but informative letter A. J. Arnold, a Topeka, Kansas, druggist, informs Joseph Hebbard, treasurer of the Farmer's Alliance, of his decision to switch his allegiance from the Democratic Party to the People's (Populist) Party. He is eager to "release the state of Kansas from the misrule of the Republican Party." While Arnold is confident that he has made the right decision, he also notes that many other Democrats are wavering. Consequently, Arnold has prepared a letter to the Democrats that expresses the benefits of supporting Populism; he asks Hebbard to read through the draft of this letter and provide comments. This enclosure is not with the original letter and has not been located.


A Crisis for the Husbandman

A Crisis for the Husbandman
Creator: Daniels, Percy
Date: 1889--1891
The contents of this book are six lectures that were delivered to the Girard, Kansas, Grange by Colonel Percy Daniels, a civil engineer. The chapters correspond to individual speeches with titles such as "The Condition of Agriculture," "The Cause, a Living Octopus and a Dead Industry," "The Cause, The Annual Penalty Imposed on Labor," Our Idolatry--the Golden Calf," "The Remedy," and "American Despots to the Rear." Reviews of various lectures as well as some addition materials are included. Daniels later served as a Populist Lieutenant Governor of Kansas. Dates in the publication range from 1889 through 1891. It was published by Western Herald Print of Girard, Kansas.


Address and Platform of the Allied and True People's Party of Kansas.

Address and Platform of the Allied and True People's Party of Kansas.
Creator: Allied People's Party of Kansas
Date: 1902
This pamphlet probably represents that last formal activity of Populists in Kansas. By 1902, a number of Populists had aligned with the Democratic Party, leaving the "Allied and True People's Party of Kansas" as the political party still using that name. The address states the general political position of the party. It includes the names of those running for various offices on the Populist ticket, the party platform signed by the executive committee members (most of whom were from Topeka), a short biography of Maxwell Thorp, their candidate for attorney general, and a speech by D. W. Boutwell who was secretary and treasurer of the party. The candidate for governor, James H. Lathrop, received just over 600 votes in the general election.


A few financial facts, being a series of kindergarten lessons on the Silver Question

A few financial facts, being a series of kindergarten lessons on the Silver Question
Creator: King, S. S.
Date: 1895
S.S. King, a Populist, writes about the plight of the farmer and the small increases in farm values as compared to other sectors of the economy. He presents a number of statistics from the 1890 census. King contends that some government officials do not want the people to understand the implications of these statistics. His goal is to unite farmers and workers to address what he views as their common enemy. King lived in Kansas City, Kansas. The book's full title is "A few financial facts, being a series of kindergarten lessons on the Silver Question, with sixty-two illustrative diagrams, showing clearly the misfortunes that have come to the people, the causes that produce them, and the remedy that will remove."


Agitate, educate, organize:  price catalogue of books, documents and periodicals

Agitate, educate, organize: price catalogue of books, documents and periodicals
Creator: Breidenthal, John William, 1857-1910
Date: Unknown
List of published pamphlets for sale by the People's Party State Central Committee of Kansas.


A hand-book devoted mainly to the money question

A hand-book devoted mainly to the money question
Creator: Maxson, Perry Burdick, 1826-1920
Date: 1891
This handbook presents a discussion about what is wrong in the economic system, according to the Populist perspective. It was written by P. B. Maxson and J. C. Hebbard, both Kansans, who were active in the Alliance and Populist causes. It deals primarily with financial issues, but contains some information on the price of crops, railroads, etc.


A historical review of the causes and issues that led to the overthrow of the Republican Party in Kansas in 1892

A historical review of the causes and issues that led to the overthrow of the Republican Party in Kansas in 1892
Creator: Kent, W. H.
Date: 1893
This pamphlet recounts the rise of the Populist Party in Kansas and the events of the legislative war in Topeka. This history is written from the Populist perspective. It may have been written by William Henry Kent who died in 1916.


A history of the National Army of Rescue

A history of the National Army of Rescue
Creator: Culverwell, James
Date: October, 1888
James Culverwell was a resident of Dentonia in Jewell County, Kansas. He was involved with organizing the Dentonia Union Labor Club, which was a predecessor to the Populist party. This pamphlet contains information about the activities of the Dentonia Union Labor Club as well as Culverwell's ideas concerning a National Army of Rescue. Culverwell wrote about his idea for an army to rescue the men imprisoned in Illinois for the Haymarket Massacre of 1886 if the membership of the group numbered "from one hundred thousand to five hundred thousand." The original paper was circulated and caused controversy in the county. This pamphlet contains Mr. Culverwell's accounts of these events.


Albert H. Thayer, Tariff Truths

Albert H. Thayer, Tariff Truths
Creator: Thayer, Albert H.
Date: August 1888
Albert F. Thayer of Maple Hill, Kansas, wrote this pamphlet addressed to the farmers of Wabaunsee County to explain why he was going to vote a Democratic ticket in the upcoming election. He wrote that he had voted for Republicans since 1861. The pamphlet deals with tariff issues from what became the Populist perspective. He gives examples of the cost of groceries and clothing with and without protective tariffs.


A lesson of to-day and a questions of to-morrow

A lesson of to-day and a questions of to-morrow
Creator: Daniels, Percy, 1840-1916
Date: October 01, 1892
This speech was delivered by Col. Percy Daniels, candidate of the People's and Democratic Parties for Kansas Lieutent Governor, at Girard, Kansas.


Alliance Produce Co., Topeka Kansas.  Information

Alliance Produce Co., Topeka Kansas. Information
Creator: Alliance Produce Company
Date: Between 1890 and 1900
This informational circular was developed by the Alliance Produce Company of Topeka, Kansas. One of the reasons the company had been organized was to aid farmers and other organizations to ship and market their own produce. The pamphlet contains the inspection critera for crops such as wheat, corn, oats, rye, and barley. It has information about grain inspection, grain storage, and other information related to shipping crops.


Alliance songster

Alliance songster
Creator: People's Party of Kansas
Date: 1890s
This incomplete songster of populist political songs advocates a change from the status quo and promotes the ideas of the Populist or People's Party. It is similar to item # 209682, which is the third edition of an Alliance Songster.


A message and plan for county candidates

A message and plan for county candidates
Date: Between 1890 and 1899
This pamphlet was prepared by the chairmen and secretaries of the People's Party and the Democrats. They were working on a "fusion" or merged ticket that would be supported by both Democrats and Populists. The pamphlet gives very specific instructions about how to attract Republican voters who are discontented with that party. It is addressed to party workers at the county level and advocates a very grass roots approach to the campaign. The Peoples Party chairman was W. J. Babb and the secretary was J. H. Curran. The Democratic chairman was H. P. Farrelly and the secretary was Chas. McCrum.


An Address Issued by the Shawnee County, Kansas, Old Soldiers' Bryan Free Silver Club, Embracing Over 300 Members

An Address Issued by the Shawnee County, Kansas, Old Soldiers' Bryan Free Silver Club, Embracing Over 300 Members
Date: 1896
The members of the club in the title of this pamphlet were Civil War veterans. They were supporters of William Jennings Bryan and his efforts to promote the unlimited coinage of silver. Populists believed that the free coinage of silver would increase the money supply and thus the wealth of the working class. J. J. Miller, the president of the club, was a veteran of an Ohio regiment who had settled in Kansas after the Civil War. This address may have been given at a meeting of the club at 420 Kansas Avenue on Friday, September 11, 1896.


An Address to the Republicans of Kansas

An Address to the Republicans of Kansas
Creator: Turner, R. W.
Date: 1896
R. W. Turner, J. S. Caldwell, and J. A. Davis are listed as the authors of this pamphlet that advocates the idea of free silver to the Republicans in Kansas. They present arguments from various Republicans about increasing the money supply and state that the Republican Party did not advocate for the "gold standard" until 1896. The pamphlet argues that partisan politics must sometimes be rejected for what is right. This pamphlet was issued by the Free Silver Republicans of Kansas.


An appeal to true Populists

An appeal to true Populists
Creator: Clemens, G. C. (Gaspar Christopher), 1849-1906
Date: Unknown
A historical analysis of the progression of the People's Party in the political process of the 1890s.


Annie (Le Porte) Diggs

Annie (Le Porte) Diggs
Creator: Snyder
Date: Between 1890 and 1899
A portrait of Annie (Le Porte) Diggs, who was born in 1848 in Canada to an American mother and French father. Two years later the family moved to New Jersey, where she attended school. Diggs moved to Lawrence, Kansas, in 1873 and married Alvin S. Diggs shortly thereafter. While in Kansas, Diggs began to attend the local Unitarian Church and developed a strong sense of moral responsibility that prompted her to work for temperance and women's suffrage. During 1882, Diggs and her husband published the newspaper Kansas Liberal, and beginning in 1890 she was the associate editor of the Alliance Advocate. As a radical reformer seeking to wipe out injustice, Diggs also allied herself with the Farmer's Alliance, aiding in the creation of the People's (Populist) Party, serving on the Populist National Committee, and supporting the fusion of the Populist and Democratic parties in the 1898 election. Throughout this time she continued to work actively for women's voting rights and served in the Kansas Equal Suffrage Association. In 1898, she was appointed the state librarian of Kansas, and she was also elected president of Kansas Press Women in 1905. Diggs moved to New York City in 1906, where she worked on two publications: The Story of Jerry Simpson (1908) and Bedrock (1912). She relocated to Detroit, Michigan, in 1912 and died there on September 7, 1916.


Another shrewd scheme of our enemies: they try to mislead the people and drive men into the support of the old parties

Another shrewd scheme of our enemies: they try to mislead the people and drive men into the support of the old parties
Creator: Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873
Date: 1890s
The State Central Committee of the People's Party had the statement addressed "To the Voters of Kansas" printed to warn of the corrupt practices of the two established political parties. The statement charges the Republicans of trying to discredit the People's Party in order to maintain control of Kansas government. S. W. Chase signed this document as chairman of the State Central Committee.


An outline of the plan proposed by this company for handling and marketing farm products (circular no. 3)

An outline of the plan proposed by this company for handling and marketing farm products (circular no. 3)
Creator: Alliance Produce Company
Date: 1890 through 1900
This pamphlet is addressed to the "Grain-Growers of Kansas" and explains how the Alliance Produce Company plans to assist farmers in generating greater profits from the sale of their crops. It proposes to sell crops at a "market center" such a Chicago where there is more competition among purchasers than at the local level in Kansas. Other details of the company are included. Portions of the upper corners of some pages have been lost and the text is incomplete.


Anti-Populist political ribbon

Anti-Populist political ribbon
Date: 1894
A blue political campaign ribbon sponsored by the Emporia Gazette (newspaper) promoting "more [corn], less hell" in 1894. The slogan is a rebuttal of the Populist appeal that farmers raise "less corn and more hell" often attributed to Populist agitator Mary Elizabeth Lease.


A party of patches

A party of patches
Creator: Judge Magazine
Date: June 6, 1891
This political cartoon drawn by Bernard Gilliam was copied from the satirical magazine Judge presents the Republican perception of the People's (Populist) Party. The artist depicts the People's Party as a hot air balloon made up of a patchwork of pieces, with each piece labeled with the name of the political organization or party that has been subsumed under the banner of the Populists. Some of the more recognizable "patches" include the Prohibition Party, the Greenback Party, the Farmer's Alliance, and the Knights of Labor Party. Inside the balloon's basket are two leading Populists from Kansas, William Peffer and "Sockless" Jerry Simpson.


A practical step toward solving the relations of producer and consumer, taken by the Alliance Produce Company, at Topeka, Kansas

A practical step toward solving the relations of producer and consumer, taken by the Alliance Produce Company, at Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Alliance Produce Company
Date: 1891
This pamphlet explains how the Alliance Produce Company proposed to allow the producer to eliminate steps in getting products to the consumer and, thus, increasing the producer's profits. The company was an attempt to put Populist principles into action. The company was located in Topeka, Kansas. Its secretary and general manager was Loren L Hopkins. The pamphlet also includes a stamp for Jas. H. Lathrop, a general agent of the Alliance Produce Company.


Aristocracy in America

Aristocracy in America
Creator: People's Party of Kansas
Date: 1892
People's Party Committee publication equating the millionaire class in the United States to the landed aristocracy class in England and the dangers inherent in both.


Battery A on the Kansas State Capitol grounds in Topeka, Kansas

Battery A on the Kansas State Capitol grounds in Topeka, Kansas
Creator: Farrow, W. F.
Date: February 1893
During the Populist War of 1893, Battery A, a militia unit from Wichita, Kansas, was stationed on the grounds outside of the Kansas State Capitol building in Topeka, Kansas. The dispute began when both the Republican and Populist parties claimed victory in the Kansas House elections in 1892. A number of contests were still being disputed when the legislative session began in January 1893. The conflict between the parties reached a crisis when the Populists locked themselves in the House Hall. The Republicans used a sledgehammer to break down the doors to the hall. The governor requested support from the state militia. After a three-day standoff, Governor Lewelling was able to negotiate an agreement with the Republican speaker of the house, which amounted to a Populist surrender. The state Supreme Court ultimately ruled in favor of the Republicans.


Between Millstones

Between Millstones
Creator: Kelly, H. B.
Date: 1896
This short pamphlet discusses the problems that high tariffs and the gold standard create for workers and farmers. It clearly presents Populist ideas about the dire situation of Kansas farmers by giving several examples of how businessmen and merchants benefit from the oppression of common laborers. The pamphlet was written by H. B. Kelly and printed by the Jeffersonian Publishing Company in Lawrence, Kansas; each pamphlet cost five cents.


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