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365-day roads an investment, not a tax

365-day roads an investment, not a tax
Date: 1910-1919
Brochure promoting good roads as a investment comparable to other enhancements financed by the farmer and found on his individual land holding.


A.B. Campbell to Governor John Martin

A.B. Campbell to Governor John Martin
Creator: Campbell, A. B.
Date: April 4, 1886
The Kansas adjutant general at Parsons sends a telegram to Governor John Martin of Topeka asking the governor for permission to furnish the mayor of Parsons with one hundred guns to preserve peace in the city. A strike of railroad workers on the Missouri Pacific Railroad at Parsons led company and city officials to ask the governor to arm citizens and for call out the militia.


A.R. Simpson, Greeley County, Kansas treasurer

A.R. Simpson, Greeley County, Kansas treasurer
Date: 1920
A.R. Simpson, Greeley County, Kansas, county treasurer seated in his office.


Abandonment of Mattie Marion by Husband

Abandonment of Mattie Marion by Husband
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1915-1919: Capper)
Date: 1913-1915
This file includes general correspondence relating to the abandonment of Mattie Marion by her husband. Topics included, but not limited to, in the correspondence is Mattie Marion being abandoned by her husband after moving to Missouri for him to return to Kansas, procedures to take her husband to court in Kinsley to support her and their child, and the role of the County and General Attorney and Governor in domestic cases. This is part of a bigger collection of Governor Arthur Capper correspondence.


Abstract of the Lantry Ranch in Chase County, Kansas

Abstract of the Lantry Ranch in Chase County, Kansas
Date: Between 1900 and 1925
Abstract of deed information concerning the Bernie Lantry Ranch in Chase County, Kansas. The Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve includes much of the land that was part of the Lantry Ranch. The original document is owned by the Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve.


A group of Greeley County, Kansas officials

A group of Greeley County, Kansas officials
Date: Between 1900 and 1910
A group of Greeley County, Kansas officials and others pose on the steps of a building. None of these individuals is identified.


Albert G. Patrick

Albert G. Patrick
Date: Between 1865 and 1869
This is an engraving of Albert G. Patrick, who came to Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, on February 12, 1856. He became involved in the free-state party. Patrick joined Captain Wright's Stranger Creek company and participated in the Hickory Point engagement on September 14, 1856. He was captured by United States troops and sent to Lecompton where he was held by Governor Geary under indictment for murder. He was later acquitted. In the summer of 1857, he was elected clerk of the Supreme Court and, in the fall of that year, was elected to the Council of the first Free-state Legislature, serving two years. Although a free-state man, he was elected to the Senate under the Lecompton constitution. In 1867 he was elected to the legislature from Marshall County. Patrick moved to Jefferson County in 1868 and, in 1869, he was elected clerk of the county, serving two years. He owned and published the Valley Falls New Era newspaper.


Alexander C. Spilman to Samuel N. Wood

Alexander C. Spilman to Samuel N. Wood
Creator: Spillman, A. C.
Date: January 14, 1861
From Salina, Alexander Carraway Spilman wrote "as one of your [Wood's] constituents" regarding his opposition to a Junction City proposal that to change the boundary line between Dickinson and Davis counties to increase the size of the former at the expense of the latter. Spilman believed "A change in the lines of Dickinson would necessarily involve a change in the lines of Saline which is something that must not be done under any circumstances."


A list of lands in Gove County, Kansas still held by U.S. Government

A list of lands in Gove County, Kansas still held by U.S. Government
Creator: Denning, J.M.
Date: December 1912
This is a list of lands in Gove County, Kansas, that, as of December 1912, were still held by the U.S. Government. No land patent had ever been issued by the U.S. The list is in order by legal description of the land.


Alva Wycoff at the Logan County sheriff's office, Logan County, Kansas

Alva Wycoff at the Logan County sheriff's office, Logan County, Kansas
Date: 1916
Alva Wycoff, born 1881 in Indiana, sits in the Logan County, Kansas sheriff's office in the county courthouse.


Ballot box fragment

Ballot box fragment
Date: 1882
Shallow rectangular pine ballot box with irregular sides and no lid. Portion of a ballot box used at the Stafford County seat election on Apr 5th, 1882. Before the polls closed, a tornado struck the building in which the election was held. The box was carried a half mile by the storm, and the ballots it contained were never found. Stafford was defeated by St. John in a follow-up election for the Stafford County seat. A white paper label adhered to the box's underside relates the story.


Barber county organization records

Barber county organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: 1872 to 1873
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file is the memorial to Governor Osborn asking for a census to be taken of Barber County, an affidavit by H.T. McCarty to be the census taker, the completed census, and the proclamation by the governor naming county officials and designating Medicine Lodge as the temporary county.


Barton County organization records

Barton County organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: 1872
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file is the completed 1872 census for Barton county, several letters about the organization and census of the county, a list of people stating that the census that was taken did not comply with legislative law, and the proclamation by Governor Harvey appointing county officials and designating Great Bend as the temporary county seat.


Brown County-township boundary changes

Brown County-township boundary changes
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: 1902
Brown County was one of the original counties included when Kansas was created. Therefore, it does not have the same organization records that were required to create a county at a later date. organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. However, included with the Secretary of State County Organization series is this letter regarding boundary changes between Mission and Hiawatha townships in Brown County. A complete transcription is available by clicking "Text Version" below.


Buffalo hunters in Great Bend, Kansas

Buffalo hunters in Great Bend, Kansas
Date: Between 1870 and 1880
Buffalo hunters with covered wagons on the east side of the Barton County Courthouse, Great Bend, Kansas.


Burchfield block, Howard, Kansas

Burchfield block, Howard, Kansas
Date: Between 1870 and October 24, 1906
View of the Burchfield Block in Howard, Kansas, where the first Elk County courthouse was located.


C. C. Evans to Governor Edmund Morrill

C. C. Evans to Governor Edmund Morrill
Creator: Evans, C. C.
Date: December 24, 1894
The chairman of the Sheridan County Republican Central Committee, C. C. Evans, of Allison (Decatur County), writes Governor Edmund Morrill to inform him of the desperate circumstances facing farmers in western Kansas and to ask the state to furnish seed grain to the farmers. Several years of drought and low crop yields left many farmers without sufficient seed grain for the next season's crops. Evans asks the governor to rally Republican legislators to quickly pass an appropriation for farm relief. The letter claims that Populists have thwarted local efforts to address the problem and that effective actions by Republicans at this time would attract more people in western Kansas to the Republican Party.


Center-fire revolver

Center-fire revolver
Creator: Colt Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company
Date: 1884
Colt Single Action nickel-plated Army Revolver with ivory handle. 45 caliber. Ornately engraved throughout. Presented to Patrick F. Sughrue by the citizens of Dodge City on December 18, 1884. Sughrue served as Constable of Dodge City from 1877 to 1879 and then as Sherriff of Ford County from 1884 to 1888. Sughrue gave the pistol to his son in 1904 after his son suffered a severe injury. His son later had the pistol engraved to commemorate its initial presentation to his father.


Chalkey McCarty Beeson

Chalkey McCarty Beeson
Date: Between 1895 and 1900
A photograph showing Chalkey McCarty Beeson seated on his horse. He came to Dodge City from Colorado in 1875. During his life, he owned the Long Branch Saloon and a cattle ranch, organized the Cowboy Band, served as sheriff and was a state legislator representing District 101 Dodge City and Ford County for the sessions 1903, SS1903, 1905, 1907, SS1908.


Charles Curtis, Vice President of the United States

Charles Curtis, Vice President of the United States
Date: Between 1920 and 1933
Portrait of Charles Curtis, 1860-1936, United States Congressman, 1893-1907, U. S. Senator, 1907-1913 and 1915-1929, and Vice President of the United States, 1929-1933.


Charles F. Morse to Governor George T. Anthony

Charles F. Morse to Governor George T. Anthony
Creator: Morse, Charles F. (Charles Fessenden), 1839-1926
Date: May 21, 1878
Charles Fessenden Morse, general superintendent of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Rail Road Company (AT&SF) of Topeka, Kansas, writes to Governor George Tobey Anthony, also of Topeka, concerning a strike of railroad employees occurring in the company's Eastern Division. The report describes the activities of the striking engineers and firemen and Morse's response during a five day period from April 3 through April 8, 1878. Organized strikes occurred on several AT&SF lines in Kansas east of Newton. Morse primarily discusses the actions of striking workers at Emporia and Topeka. The report further discusses the inadequate response by local law enforcement and the eventual use of the State Militia to restore law and order. This strike followed the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 which began in West Virginia but spread quickly across the country.


Chase County Courthouse

Chase County Courthouse
Date: Between 1874 and 1879
A view of the Chase County Courthouse building in Cottonwood Falls, Kansas. Designed by architect John G. Haskell and completed in 1873 by contractor James Bannon, the courthouse is an example of the Second Empire/Franco-American architectural style with limestone walls and trim, and pressed metal ceilings.


Chase County Courthouse

Chase County Courthouse
Date: Between 1879 and 1885
A view of the Chase County Courthouse, Cottonwood Falls, Kansas. The architect for the courthouse was John Haskell and the contractor was James Bannon. It was constructed between 1871 and 1873.


Chase County Courthouse, Cottonwood Falls, Kansas

Chase County Courthouse, Cottonwood Falls, Kansas
Date: Between 1870 and 1890
A view of the Chase County Courthouse in Cottonwood Falls, Kansas. The courthouse was constructed between 1871 and 1873. The architect was John Haskell and James Bannon was the contractor.


Chauncey Belden Whitney

Chauncey Belden Whitney
Date: Between 1868 and 1873
A portrait of Chauncey Belden Whitney, an early Ellsworth County settler and law enforcement officer. He served as Ellsworth County Sheriff 1871-1873; Under Sheriff, 1870; Ellsworth Township Constable, 1867-1873; and Ellsworth Marshall 1871-1872. On August 15, 1873, Whitney was killed in the line of duty by Bill Thompson. In addition to his law enforcement duties, Chauncey Whitney served as a civilian scout during the Indian Wars and was involved in the Battle of Beecher's Island. In July, 1869, he was a first lieutenant of Company A, Second battalion, Kansas State Militia, and provided settlers' protection against hostile Indians.


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