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Daisy L. Gulick to Vicente Villamin

Daisy L. Gulick to Vicente Villamin
Creator: Gulick, Daisy L.
Date: June 27, 1928
This letter by Daisy Gulick, Factory Inspector in the Women's Division of the Kansas Court of Industrial Relations, was written in response to Vicente Villamin's inquiry about a report on child labor in Kansas beet fields that had been written in 1922. Gulick wrote that no copies of this report were left, but that from her personal experience she could confidently state that there was no exploitation of child labor during the beet harvest. Children in Kansas over ten years old could be excused from school for two weeks during the harvest, provided that they made up the schoolwork that they missed.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, Labor Department

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, Labor Department
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1931
This file includes subject correspondence relating to the Labor Department. Topics included in the correspondence but are not limited to includes unemployment in Kansas and the Great Depression. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, Labor Department

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, Labor Department
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1931
This file includes subject correspondence relating to the Labor Department. Topics covered in the correspondence include but is not limited to highway employees, child labor and employee benefits. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, Public Service Commission

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, Public Service Commission
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1931
This file includes subject correspondence relating to the Public Service Commission. Topics in the correspondence cover but is not limited to export shipments under the emergency tariff, capitol expenditures for labor and industry, and employment and unemployment rates for labor and industry companies. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, applications for employment

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, applications for employment
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1931
This file includes subject correspondence relating to applications of employment within the State of Kansas. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, applications for employment

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, applications for employment
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1931
This file includes subject correspondence relating to applications of employment within the State of Kansas. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, applications for employment

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, applications for employment
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1931
This file includes subject correspondence relating to applications of employment within the State of Kansas. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, applications for employment

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, applications for employment
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1931
This file includes subject correspondence relating to applications of employment within the State of Kansas. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Jason A. McCarrick to Governor John Leedy

Jason A. McCarrick to Governor John Leedy
Creator: McCarrick, Jason A.
Date: February 2, 1897
Jason A. McCarrick, of Kansas City, Kansas, advises Governor John W. Leedy, of Topeka, on the political importance of the office of Labor Commissioner to the Populist Party. McCarrick recommends Frank Shannon of Wyandotte County for that appointment. McCarrick argues that the conduct of the commissioner could either attract workers to the party or alienate them from it. For this reason, McCarrick suggests the appointee should be involved in the labor movement and willing to promote the Populist Party. The letter also discusses the importance of workers as a pool of potential party members and the importance of Wyandotte County to the political ambitions of the party. Governor Leedy (a Populist or People's Party candidate) beat incumbent Edward N. Morrill in the 1896 election largely due to the alliance of the Democrats and Populists against the Republicans.


Kansas Court of Industrial Relations : A modern weapon

Kansas Court of Industrial Relations : A modern weapon
Creator: Kansas. Court of Industrial Relations
Date: 1921
This pamphlet includes: The Growth of the Industrial Court Idea, The Industrial Commandments, Legislative History of Industrial Court Bill, Address by Governor Allen to the Kansas Bankers' Association, Industrial Justice by W.L. Huggins, Address of Hon. F. Dumont Smith, Judge Dillard's Plea, and a Resume of the Court's Activities.


P. J. McBride to Arthur Capper

P. J. McBride to Arthur Capper
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1915-1919: Capper)
Date: December 12, 1917
This letter by P. J. McBride, Commissioner of Labor and Industry, informed the governor of Kansas about the enforcement of child labor laws in Sabetha, Nemaha County. Edith Enderton, an agent of the Department of Labor and Industry, had visited Sabetha in order to enforce compliance with the child labor law, and she found "a considerable number of children employed in violation" of this law. McBride specifically mentions a 10-year old boy, Teddy Grimm, who delivered groceries and sometimes worked 14 or 15 hours lifting heavy boxes and sacks of flour. While McBride acknowledges that Enderton may "have possibly been a little over-zealous in the application of the law where children are employed by their own parents"?which was not the case with Teddy Grimm?McBride agrees that young children should not be required to work outside the home.


P. J. McBride to Emma Grimm

P. J. McBride to Emma Grimm
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: December 12, 1917
In this letter P. J. McBride, the commissioner of labor and industry, responds to Emma Grimm's letter to Governor Arthur Capper dated November 27, 1917. Grimm had expressed her displeasure with the enforcement of the child labor law in her hometown of Sabetha, which had forced her 10-year old son Theodore to leave his job as a grocery delivery boy. McBride informed her that, because the Legislature passed this law, the governor could not make any exceptions. McBride also emphasized that "play and recreation" were an important element in children's development and that after schoolwork and household chores had been completed, children should have unstructured time to play. McBride refers to the 1917 amendment to the Industrial Welfare Act of 1915; this amendment prohibited work at night or for more than 8 hours daily or 48 hours weekly and required that school superintendents issue work permits to eligible students prior to the students' employment. Also, children could not be employed until they had completed elementary school.


P. J. McBride to Ralph Tennal

P. J. McBride to Ralph Tennal
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1915-1919: Capper)
Date: December 8, 1917
This letter was written in response to Ralph Tennal's earlier letter (dated December 2) to Gov. Arthur Capper, which had been referred to P. J. McBride, the Commissioner of Labor and Industry. In it, McBride responds to Tennal's concerns that the child labor law prevented children from learning the value of hard work. McBride politely states that the state legislature enacted this law, and thus complaints should be directed to the legislators. While he concurs with Tennal's assertion that children who are bored can get into mischief, McBride argues that "the solution to this problem is the proper control and direction of play and recreation of our children by parents and public welfare officials rather than by putting them at work in our industries." Consequently, child labor laws not only prevented abuses, but they also allowed children the free time deemed necessary for their development, as well as ensuring that these girls and boys receive a solid education. In closing, McBride encourages Tennal to rethink his position and help ensure compliance with these laws. Tennal had also written a letter about this issue on November 22, 1917.


P. J. McBride to Roy Hennigh

P. J. McBride to Roy Hennigh
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1915-1919: Capper)
Date: December 12, 1917
This letter was written in response to Roy Hennigh's earlier letter (dated November 21) to Gov. Arthur Capper, which had been referred to P. J. McBride, the Commissioner of Labor and Industry. In it, McBride responds to Hennigh's complaint that a welfare inspector prevented Hennigh from employing his two daughters in his grocery store. McBride referred him to the child labor law that "prohibited the employment of any child under 14 years of age in mercantile establishments." No one could make any exception to this law because, according to McBride, some of the worst cases of abuse had occurred at the hands of parents. This law did not affect children's work within the home, but it did mandate that children under 14 could not be assigned regular duties for a specific period of time in a place of business. McBride emphasized that "it is not the purpose of this department to split hairs," but that his inspectors were bound to ensure that the law was applied fairly and equally to all.


Part 12: Exodusters, in first annual report of the Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics

Part 12: Exodusters, in first annual report of the Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics
Creator: Kansas Bureau of Labor
Date: 1886
This excerpt of the Kansas Bureau of Labor report includes only Part 12, the portion of the report focusing on the Exodusters in Wyandotte, Kansas. The report includes transcribed testimonies of Exodusters as well as a detailed table showing statistics compiled from seventeen families, including their location, ages, health, and occupations. The report also includes a few references to Exodusters in Topeka.


Part I: Child Labor in Sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics

Part I: Child Labor in Sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics
Creator: Kansas. Dept. of Labor and Industry
Date: January 1, 1891
Part I of this government report addresses the problem of child labor in Kansas, which appeared to be increasing. Most of the report focuses on existing child labor laws in Kansas, statistics about child employment (broken down by county, child's age, ethnic background, etc?), and the industries that employed children. The report also addresses school attendance and truancy laws (which would effectively curb the unlawful employment of children) and includes the results of interviews with school superintendents and questionnaires filed out by those known to employ children in their businesses. School superintendents were overwhelmingly in favor of compulsory education, and most employers believed that it was important for children to understand the value of hard work (although some did speak about the benefits of school).


Ralph Tennal to Arthur Capper

Ralph Tennal to Arthur Capper
Creator: Tennal, Ralph
Date: November 22, 1917
Ralph Tennal, editor of the Sabetha Herald, wrote this letter to the governor complaining about a recent visit from an inspector who had ordered local merchants to comply with child labor laws. Tennal refers specifically to children who helped run their parents stores on weekends and after school. Tennal believes that "the orders strike me as being out of line with horse sense and out of line with the spirit of the government." He firmly believed that hard work would be of great value to these children. In 1917 the Industrial Welfare Act of 1915 was amended to include these restrictions on child labor: children could not work at night or for more than 8 hours daily or 48 hours weekly, school superintendents were responsible for issuing work permits, and children could not work until they had completed elementary school.


Report on coal mine accidents

Report on coal mine accidents
Creator: Kansas. Commission of Labor and Industry
Date: 1917
This report provides a complete list of coal mine fatalities in Kansas during the 1916 calendar year. It also includes reports with testimony on the Carson Coal Company accident (Osage City) that occurred December 28, 1916,(page 10) and the Fidelity Coal and Mining Company accident (near Stone City) that occurred December 13, 1916, (page 28). It was prepared by John Pellegrino, Assistant Commissioner of Labor in charge of the Mine Inspection Department and direct to P. J. McBride, Commissioner of Labor and Industry.


Sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics

Sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of Labor and Industrial Statistics
Creator: Kansas. Dept. of Labor and Industry
Date: January 1, 1891
This report, which covers the year 1890, includes an introductory letter to Governor Lyman Humphrey written by Frank Betton, Commissioner of Labor and Industry, regarding the state's compliance with sanitary requirements and other provisions for the welfare of employers and employees. The main text of the report is divided into two parts: Part I deals with child labor statistics and Part II is an investigation of labor organizations and their relationship to the greater community. The appendices include information about the proceedings of the State Federation Convention and the Federation Constitution. It includes an index and a table of contents.


State inspector of coal mines reports

State inspector of coal mines reports
Creator: Kansas. Inspector of Coal Mines
Date: Between 1884 and 1956
These reports of the Kansas State Mine Inspector mostly concern coal mining, though by 1929 the scope of the reports broadens to include metal mines. The content of individual reports will vary. The reports address mining laws and mining districts; industry production and earnings; fatal and non-fatal accidents; accident investigations and transcripts of oral interviews; labor strikes; mine locations; mining companies and operators; and proceedings of mining conventions. The reports document the political, economic, social, and environmental impacts of more than seventy years of mining in southeastern Kansas.


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