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Anti-Saloon League materials

Anti-Saloon League materials
Date: 1917
These materials relate to the Kansas Department of the Anti-Saloon League of America. Correspondence is primarily between State Superintendent W.J. Herwig and Reverend Milo G. Kelser, field manager at the Anti-Saloon League of America headquarters in Westerville, Ohio. Correspondence is also exchanged with Reverend Julius Smith and Professor O. G. Markham of Baldwin City. Travel itineraries, legislation, and the effects of World War I are frequent topics of conversation. The group sought to organize prohibition meetings in conjunction with Sunday church services around the state. Monthly financial reports are also included.


Beer Bottle from Fort Scott, 14BO302

Beer Bottle from Fort Scott, 14BO302
Date: 1880-1910
This beer bottle was recovered from the Fort Scott National Historic Site during excavations conducted there between 1968 through 1972 by Kansas Historical Society archeologists. When Fort Scott was built it was on the western military frontier, but is now located within the city limits of Fort Scott. The aqua bottle has an applied crown neck finish and was made on a two-piece mold. The letters "AB" appear on the base in addition to the mold number. This indicates the bottle was manufactured by Adolphus Busch, who founded two glass companies, the Adolphus Busch Glass Company at St. Louis, Missouri, and the American Glass Company at Streator, Illinois.


Beer Bottle from the Mahaffie Farmstead and Stagecoach Stop, 14JO356

Beer Bottle from the Mahaffie Farmstead and Stagecoach Stop, 14JO356
Date: 1858-1886
This brown glass bottle has the typical neck of a beer bottle, but is much shortened in the body. The bottle has what is called a blob style finish at the rim. It was recovered during excavations in 1988 during a joint venture between Kansas Historical Society archeologists, Kansas Anthropological Association volunteers, and the City of Olathe. The site, 14JO356, consisted of the residence and out buildings built by James and Lucinda Mahaffie in 1858. The farmstead later served as a stagecoach stop on the Santa Fe trail.


Carry Nation poster

Carry Nation poster
Creator: Gillin Print Company
Date: between 1901 and 1902
Large, rectangular color poster advertising an appearance by Carry Nation, a temperance advocate who gained notoriety by attacking saloons. Her activities began in Medicine Lodge, Kansas, in 1899. A hatchet was her symbol because she often used the tool to smash saloon fixtures. In Nation's autobiography, The Use and Need of the Life of Carry A. Nation, she explained the genesis of this poster. While jailed in Topeka for smashing saloon fixtures in July 1901, Nation received a letter from James Furlong, manager of the Lyceum Theater in Rochester, New York. According to Nation, Furlong offered to bail her out of jail if she granted him some lecture dates. She agreed, was pardoned, and left almost immediately for a Chautauqua in Clarksburg, Ohio. Her lecture series continued across upstate New York.


Doulton and Company Earthenware Bottle from 14MY1302

Doulton and Company Earthenware Bottle from 14MY1302
Date: 1854-1956
This fragment of an earthenware bottle was collected from an Early Ceramic camp site in Montgomery County, with intrusions of Historic period artifacts. The bottle was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1975. Though not much of the bottle remains it still has a story to tell. It may have held beer at one time and was manufactured in Lambeth, London, England by Doulton and Company, makers of stonewares and earthenwares.


Flask from Fort Hays, 14EL301

Flask from Fort Hays, 14EL301
Date: 1880-1911
This clear liquor flask was recovered during excavations at historic Fort Hays in Ellis County by Kansas Historical Society archeologists in 1966. The flask was mouth blown with a cup bottom mold. It now has a striated patina across both sides of the flask, made by oxidation over time. The bottle maker's marks are visible on the bottom of the flask: I G Co. These were used by the Illinois Glass Co from 1880 to 1911. Fort Hays was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.


Flask from Fort Scott, 14BO302

Flask from Fort Scott, 14BO302
Date: 1873-1890
This flask was recovered from the Fort Scott National Historic Site during excavations conducted there between 1968 through 1972 by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists. The flask was recovered from the area of the Post Headquarters and Ordinance Stores. When Fort Scott was built it was on the western military frontier, but is now located within the city limits of Fort Scott. The fort saw limited military use into the 1870s, and thereafter for non-military uses. This aqua colored flask was manufactured by the Louisville Kentucky Glass Works, who were in operation from 1873 to 1890.


Frank Brandram's "joint', Studley, Kansas

Frank Brandram's "joint', Studley, Kansas
Date: Between 1890 and 1900
This photograph is of Frank Brandram's "joint," one of the first houses in Studley. Frank is mixing a highball out front. There is a team of horses on the right of the photo. This appears to be a sod structure, glass windows, and wood above windows to peak of roof. This structure may be in construction; several long boards are propped up against the side of the structure.


Ginger Beer Bottle from Fort Hays, 14EL301

Ginger Beer Bottle from Fort Hays, 14EL301
Date: 1867-1882
Ginger beer brewing began in England in the 1700s, and was popular in the United States into the early 20th century. It is marked with the bottle maker's mark of "Murray & Buchan Pottery Portobello," potters from Portobello, Scotland, who began manufacturing pottery in 1867. This ginger beer bottle has an oil or ring type finish. This bottle was excavated at Fort Hays in Ellis County in 1966 by Kansas Historical Society archeologists. Fort Hays was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.


Glass Bottle Stoppers from Fort Hays, 14EL301

Glass Bottle Stoppers from Fort Hays, 14EL301
Date: 1867-1889
The four bottle stoppers were recovered during excavations in 1966 by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists at historic Fort Hays in Ellis County. All four bottle stoppers are solid glass with tapered shanks and utilitarian in style. All of the shanks have been broken. Some bottle stoppers were meant to be disposed, while other could be reused. Fort Hays was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.


Leigh R. Webber to Charles Brown

Leigh R. Webber to Charles Brown
Creator: Webber, L. R.
Date: March 23, 1862
A letter written by Leigh R. Webber from Fort Scott, Kansas, addressed to Charles Brown. Webber expresses frustration at his bad health, the poor weather, and fort life. He wished for the troops to move to territory where they could engage in battle and gain "military glory." Webber describes the unruly behavior of the troops, including violence and drunkenness.


Leigh R. Webber to Esteemed Friend

Leigh R. Webber to Esteemed Friend
Creator: Webber, L. R.
Date: September 20, 1862
A letter written by Leigh R. Webber from Trenton, Tennessee, likely addressed to a member of the John Stillman Brown family. Webber describes a "jayhawking trip" his regiment took to take goods and food from a local Confederate family. He discusses the treatment of slaves and escaped slaves, both by Confederate locals and his fellow Union troops. A portion of the letter states Webber's opinions on James H. Lane's efforts to arm African-American troops in Kansas.


Leigh R. Webber to John Stillman Brown

Leigh R. Webber to John Stillman Brown
Creator: Webber, L. R.
Date: January 23, 1862
A letter written by Leigh R. Webber from Kansas City, Missouri, addressed to John Stillman Brown, a Unitarian minister who lived west of Lawrence, Kansas. Webber begins by recounting other letters he had recently sent to members of the Brown family. He describes the march from Lexington to Kansas City and future plans to continue on to Fort Scott. Webber also discusses his father's recent death.


Leigh R. Webber to Miss Brown

Leigh R. Webber to Miss Brown
Creator: Webber, L. R.
Date: August 12, 1862
This letter, written by Leigh R. Webber from Gibson County, West Tennessee, was addressed to Miss Brown, a daughter of John Stillman Brown, a Unitarian minister who lived west of Lawrence. Webber discussed insubordination among the troops. He also expressed his opinions on the political situation in the South and conflicting views on slavery. Webber described camp life and the role of individual black army staff. The final portion of his letter said that the draft would soon begin in Kansas.


Leigh R. Webber to Miss Brown

Leigh R. Webber to Miss Brown
Creator: Webber, L. R.
Date: March 8, 1862
A letter written by Leigh R. Webber from Fort Scott, Bourbon County, Kansas, to Miss Brown, a daughter of John Stillman Brown, a Unitarian minister who lived west of Lawrence, Kansas. Webber describes the march from Kansas City, Missouri, to Fort Scott, Kansas, describing landmarks along the way and discussing the soldiers' state of exhaustion. He continues a discussion from a previous letter regarding his father's death. Webber also describes camp life and future plans to march on to Fort Smith.


Leigh R. Webber to Mrs. Brown

Leigh R. Webber to Mrs. Brown
Creator: Webber, L. R.
Date: January 11, 1862
This letter, written by Leigh R. Webber from Lexington, Missouri, was addressed to Mrs. Brown, wife of John Stillman Brown, a Unitarian minister who lived west of Lawrence. Webber described the weather and life in Lexington, as well as future plans for the regiment to march to Kansas City, Missouri. He asked Mrs. Brown to send him clothing. Webber spent much of the letter describing the unruly behavior of his fellow soldiers.


Leigh R. Webber to Senorita Morena (Miss Brown)

Leigh R. Webber to Senorita Morena (Miss Brown)
Creator: Webber, L. R.
Date: April 30, 1862
A letter written by Leigh R. Webber from Fort Riley, Kansas, addressed to "Senorita Morena," or Miss Brown, a daughter of John Stillman Brown, a Unitarian minister who lived west of Lawrence. Webber first praises Fort Riley and describes the surrounding landscape. He goes on to describe fort life, including equipment and food. He also discusses his thoughts on the troops' future plans to march to New Mexico and his efforts to learn Spanish.


Leisy Brewing Company Bottle from the Thomas Johnson/Henry Williams Dugout Site, 14GH102

Leisy Brewing Company Bottle from the Thomas Johnson/Henry Williams Dugout Site, 14GH102
Date: 1877-1920
This bottle was recovered during the 2007 Kansas Archeology Training Program excavations at 14GH102, the Thomas Johnson/Henry Williams dugout site, in Graham County. The Leisy Brewing Company opened in 1894 and closed in 1920. 14GH102 is a domestic site related to the settlement of Nicodemus, an all black community in western Kansas.


Liquor Bottle from Shawnee Indian Mission, 14JO362

Liquor Bottle from Shawnee Indian Mission, 14JO362
Date: 1860-1973
This liquor bottle was found at the Shawnee Indian Mission in Johnson County. The bottle has remnants of a Federal Tax Strip down one side of the finish and bottle, a cork cap and the wording "FULL 1/4 PINT." The bottle presents a bit of a conundrum as the bottle style and cork cap argue for a time period between the 1860s to the 1920s, but the style of Federal Tax Strip dates from 1934 to 1973. The Mission was built in 1839 for the Shawnee Tribe and closed in 1862. The life of the building did not end there as during the Civil War troops were quartered there and later it saw use as a dance hall, dairy bottling plant, apartments and a boarding house until becoming property of the state in 1927.


Liquor Bottle from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327

Liquor Bottle from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327
Date: 1855-1912
This bottle was recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. The clear glass bottle has a straight brandy or wine finish on the rim. A bottle maker's mark, AR5 within a diamond, is on the bottom. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years.


Mr. Reed's Beer Parlor, Topeka, Kansas

Mr. Reed's Beer Parlor, Topeka, Kansas
Date: June 29, 1937
This black and white photograph shows the interior view of a railroad passenger car referred to as Mr. Reed's Beer Parlor in Topeka, Kansas. The location of the rail car is unknown but it is considered a business in Topeka from handwriting on the back of the photograph.


Pike's Peak Flask from Fort Hays, 14EL301

Pike's Peak Flask from Fort Hays, 14EL301
Date: 1867-1870
This flask was recovered during the 1966 excavations at historic Fort Hays in Ellis County by Kansas Historical Society archeologists. The bottle has "For Pike's Peak" and "Old Rye" embossed on the front, in addition to a depiction of a miner with a walking cane, pick axe, and a small pack. The reverse has a simplistic American eagle with the words "Pittsburgh PA" below. The bottle has a champagne type finish. Figured flasks such as this one were manufactured from 1815 to 1870. Fort Hays was added to the National Register of Historical Places in 1971.


Pike's Peak Flask from Fort Hays, 14EL301

Pike's Peak Flask from Fort Hays, 14EL301
Date: 1867-1870
This flask was recovered during the 1966 excavations at historic Fort Hays in Ellis County by Kansas Historical Society archeologists. The bottle has "For Pike's Peak" and "Old Rye" embossed on the front, in addition to a depiction of a miner with a walking cane, pick axe, and a small pack. The reverse has a simplistic American eagle with the words "Pittsburgh PA" below. The bottle has a champagne type finish. Figured flasks such as this one were manufactured from 1815 to 1870. Fort Hays was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.


Sarah Brown to William Brown

Sarah Brown to William Brown
Creator: Brown, Sarah
Date: February 23, 1862
A letter written by Sarah Brown from Lawrence, Kansas, addressed to her brother, William Brown, who was in college in New York. The first part of her letter discusses the presence of the Kansas First in Lawrence. She describes the soldiers as "rough" and notes the proslavery attitude of the regiment, which leads them to abuse African Americans living in Lawrence. Sarah goes on to discuss her views on the need for immediate emancipation. She discusses family issues such as the death of her cousin and a scrapbook she was making with her sister, Mary. The last portion of the letter discusses Sarah's interest in botany and local plants. A complete transcription is available by clicking "Text Version" below.


Shot Glass from the Kaw Mission, 14MO368

Shot Glass from the Kaw Mission, 14MO368
Date: 1905-1918
This aluminum shot glass was recovered during the Metal Detector survey in 2016 at the Kaw Mission in Council Grove by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and volunteers. The lettering below the rim advertises the " M Wollstein Mercantile Co" of Kansas City Missouri, liquor dealers in between from 1905 to 1918. Interestingly, the lettering is oriented so as to be best read when the shot glass is upside down.


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