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A.B. Campbell to Governor John Martin

A.B. Campbell to Governor John Martin
Creator: Campbell, A. B.
Date: April 9, 1886
Adjutant General Colonel A. B. Campbell of Parsons, Kansas, writes Kansas Governor John Martin of Topeka. He informs the governor that citizens are putting together a force of fifty special police to respond to striking railroad workers. Railroad employees at Parsons were striking and the governor granted permission to provide citizens with arms to keep the peace.


A.B. Campbell to Governor John Martin

A.B. Campbell to Governor John Martin
Creator: Campbell, A. B.
Date: April 4, 1886
The Kansas adjutant general at Parsons sends a telegram to Governor John Martin of Topeka asking the governor for permission to furnish the mayor of Parsons with one hundred guns to preserve peace in the city. A strike of railroad workers on the Missouri Pacific Railroad at Parsons led company and city officials to ask the governor to arm citizens and for call out the militia.


A.B. Campbell to Governor John Martin

A.B. Campbell to Governor John Martin
Creator: Campbell, A. B.
Date: April 1, 1886
A.B. Campbell, Kansas Adjutant General, of Parsons, telegrams Kansas Governor John Martin, of Topeka, stating that another railroad engine has been killed and that he is leaving to investigate. This is in response to the local authority's request for National Guard troops during the railroad strike in the three state area.


A.O. Brown to Governor John Martin

A.O. Brown to Governor John Martin
Creator: Brown, A.O.
Date: March 30, 1886
A.O. Brown, mayor of Parsons, Kansas, telegrams Kansas Governor john Martin, of Topeka, requesting immediate help from the "troops" over a labor dispute. Strikers had driven a freight train off the tracks near Parsons. In February 1885, railroad shop workers walked off the job because of a cut in pay and reduced hours of work. Governor Martin was able to negotiate a settlement to the strike but problems continued throughout Kansas, Missouri, and Texas.


Business men, property owners to Governor John Martin

Business men, property owners to Governor John Martin
Creator: Kansas Community Leaders
Date: March 26, 1886
In this telegram, business men and property owners from several Kansas communities plead with the governor to issue a proclamation to resume traffic on all rail lines operated by the Missouri Pacific Railway Company during the railroad strike of 1886.


C. B. Woodward to Governor John Martin

C. B. Woodward to Governor John Martin
Creator: Woodward, C.B.
Date: March 13, 1886
Labette County sheriff, C.B. Woodward, tells Kansas Governor John Martin of Topeka he is unable to control the strikers who have captured the train engines by force. He is requesting military support. In February 1885, railroad shop workers walked off the job because of a cut in pay and reduced hours of work. Governor Martin was able to negotiate a settlement to the strike but problems continued throughout Kansas, Missouri, and Texas.


C.E. Faulkner to Governor John Martin

C.E. Faulkner to Governor John Martin
Creator: Faulkner, C.E.
Date: March 30, 1886
C.E. Faulkner, of Parsons, Kansas, writes Kansas Governor John Martin, of Topeka, stating the strike is not over. The strike had been settled and workers returned to work when trouble disrupted in Texas. Employees who had participated in the strike were not allowed to return to their jobs. Railroad workers in Parsons were informed of this and refused to end the strike in that area.


Cheyenne County organization records

Cheyenne County organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: April 01, 1886
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file is Governor Martin's proclamation appointing county officials and designating Bird City as the temporary county seat.


Clark County organization records

Clark County organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: May 05, 1885
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file is Governor Martin's proclamation appointing county officials and designating Ashland as the temporary county seat.


Colonel A. B. Campbell to Governor John Martin

Colonel A. B. Campbell to Governor John Martin
Creator: Campbell, A. B.
Date: March 31, 1886
Kansas adjutant general Colonel A. B. Campbell writes to Kansas governor John Martin concerning striking railroad workers. The state militia had been called into service as a result of disruption of train service and alleged threats to public safety. Campbell explains that the "statements in the telegrams of the Mayor and Sheriff are not overdrawn. The sheriff was slapped in the face and spit upon. The mob undertook to drag Kimball from the engine and but for the timely arrival of the train of passengers and mail, there would have been a furious assault." Railroad strikers refused to allow freight trains to run following information received from Texas where several striking workers had not been rehired in that state, thus violating conditions of the strike. Federal and state law prohibited interruption of passenger and mail cars leaving freight cars vulnerable during the strike.


Draft basis of settlement

Draft basis of settlement
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1885-1889: Martin)
Date: March 1886
This document from Kansas Governor John Martin's correspondence may have been written by the Knights of Labor and outlines eleven demands termed the "basis of settlement" for strike negotiations. The railroad strike of 1886 resulted from failed negotiations between railroad management, mechanics, and shop workers dating back to October 1884 when workers were notified of a 10% pay reduction. This made them the lowest paid railroad workers in the tristate area (Missouri, Arkansas, and Kansas). A few months later, hours were also reduced. Workers argued they could not support their families.


F. H. Belton to Governor John Martin

F. H. Belton to Governor John Martin
Creator: Belton, F.H.
Date: April 12, 1886
Railroad commissioner F.H. Belton writes to Kansas Governor Martin of Topeka from Kansas City, Missouri. Belton tells Governor Martin that there are a number of laborers at work at Cypress yards, and a lot of "green switch men, but skilled mechanics are very scare". Concerned about disorder and lack of progress during the strike of 1886, Belton reports "out of order" cars are rapidly accumulating on the side tracks. Few section men are at work. In February 1885, railroad shop workers walked off the job because of a cut in pay and reduced hours of work. Governor Martin was able to negotiate a settlement to the strike but problems continued throughout Kansas, Missouri, and Texas.


Frances Elizabeth Willard to Governor John Martin

Frances Elizabeth Willard to Governor John Martin
Creator: Willard, Frances Elizabeth, 1839-1898
Date: March 13, 1888
Educator and reformer Frances Elizabeth Willard of Evanston, Illinois, writes Governor John Martin of Topeka, Kansas, requesting information on the effect the woman's vote in municipal elections has had on enforcing prohibition. Miss Willard's letter follows a newly enacted Kansas law giving women equal suffrage in municipal elections (1887). Willard is specifically interested in the relation between the woman's vote and the election of effective enforcing officers. Women did not achieve full suffrage in Kansas until 1912. As this letter demonstrates, the women's suffrage issue was closely associated with prohibition. Miss Willard was president of the Woman's National Christian Temperance Union. See Mrs. G. Monroe to Governor John Martin, February 11, 1887.


Frank H. Belton letter to Governor John Martin

Frank H. Belton letter to Governor John Martin
Creator: Belton, F.H.
Date: March 12, 1886
Frank Belton, railroad commissioner, writes to Governor Martin informing him of his visit to the Knights of Labor union meeting. Governor Martin had received several telegrams from local authorities claiming strikers were difficult to control and becoming involved in violent behaviors related to the strike. In this letter, Commissioner Belton notes "everything was quiet and orderly, the property of the company is guarded night and day by the strikers."


G. B. Woodford to Governor John Martin

G. B. Woodford to Governor John Martin
Creator: Woodward, C.B.
Date: April 1, 1886
In this letter, the local authorities of Labette County, Kansas, plead with Kansas governor John Martin for militia support to preserve order in Parsons during the railroad strike of 1886. In February 1885, railroad shop workers walked off the job because of a cut in pay and reduced hours of work. Governor Martin was able to negotiate a settlement to the strike but problems continued throughout Kansas, Missouri, and Texas.


Garfield County organization records

Garfield County organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: 1887
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file is the proclamation by the governor appointing county officers and designating Ravanna as the temporary county seat.


George W. Espey to Governor John A. Martin

George W. Espey to Governor John A. Martin
Date: March 30, 1887
George W. Espey, an agent of the Palace Drug Store in Ashland, Kansas, writes to Governor John A. Martin in Topeka asking whether he must quit selling alcohol because the county clerk does not have the proper affidavit form for him to fill out to renew his license. Espey asks for a prompt reply because the county attorney has stopped him from doing business.


Gove County organization records

Gove County organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: 1880-1886
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file is a letter from the Ellis County Clerk pertaining to Gove County, a proclamation from the governor appointing a census taker, and the proclamation by the governor appointing Gove County officials and designating Gove City as the temporary county seat.


Governor's proclamation on organization of Thomas County, Kansas

Governor's proclamation on organization of Thomas County, Kansas
Date: October 8, 1885
These two pages are copies of the sealed but unsigned proclamation on the organization of Thomas County, Kansas by Governor Martin. Because the county had 1916 inhabitants, of whom 777 were heads of households, it met the requirements for becoming an official Kansas county. The proclamation declares Colby the temporary county seat of Thomas County.


Governor John A. Martin to the Honorable Board of Railroad Commissioners

Governor John A. Martin to the Honorable Board of Railroad Commissioners
Creator: Martin, John Alexander, 1839-1889
Date: March 10, 1885
Kansas Governor John Martin of Topeka writes to the Kansas Board of Railroad Commissioners concerning "very serious troubles have arisen at Atchison and Parsons between the Missouri Pacific Railway company and certain of its employees." Railroad workers were on strike and the governor has just received word that a mob has taken control of the trains.


Governor John Alexander Martin

Governor John Alexander Martin
Creator: Leonard & Martin
Date: Between 1885 and 1889
This is a cabinet card of Kansas Governor John Alexander Martin. He was a Republican from Atchison, Kansas and served from January 12, 1885 to January 14, 1889.


Governor John Martin to Colonel A.B. Campbell

Governor John Martin to Colonel A.B. Campbell
Creator: Martin, John Alexander, 1839-1889
Date: April 5, 1886
Kansas Governor John A. Martin of Topeka telegrams Adjutant General Colonel A. B. Campbell of Parsons about conditions in Parsons during the 1886 Missouri Pacific Railway Strike. Colonel Campbell has written the governor asking permission to provide arms for the citizens of Parsons to protect the peace. In this telegram, Governor Martin asks the Colonel if it would "be better for the citizens to organize a militia company under command of Major Kniffin or some other experienced officer?"


Governor John Martin to Colonel A.B. Campbell

Governor John Martin to Colonel A.B. Campbell
Creator: Martin, John Alexander, 1839-1889
Date: March 15, 1886
In this telegram to Colonel Campbell, Kansas Governor John Martin of Topeka responds to a request for militia units at Parsons, Kansas, to help maintain order during a strike of railroad workers. The governor does not favor using the militia except in the "direst necessity." He asks Colonel Campbell to insist that the sheriff and people of Labette County, Kansas, preserve the peace. In February 1885, railroad shop workers walked off the job because of a cut in pay and reduced hours of work. Governor Martin was able to negotiate a settlement to the strike but problems continued throughout Kansas, Missouri, and Texas.


Governor John Martin to Colonel A.B. Campbell

Governor John Martin to Colonel A.B. Campbell
Creator: Martin, John Alexander, 1839-1889
Date: March 31, 1886
Kansas Governor John Martin updates the adjutant general on negotiations between the Knights of Labor Union and the railroads. In this letter, the governor reports that the Knights of Labor issued an order for the strikers to return to work and that a settlement for the strike is underway.


Governor John Martin to Colonel A. B. Campbell

Governor John Martin to Colonel A. B. Campbell
Creator: Martin, John Alexander, 1839-1889
Date: April 14, 1886
In this letter, Kansas Governor John Martin is asking Colonel Campbell to travel to Parsons, Kansas, to determine if military support is necessary to control unrest related to the railroad strike. Governor Martin has been sympathetic with the strikers and urges the Colonel to find a peaceful settlement. In February 1885, railroad shop workers walked off the job because of a cut in pay and reduced hours of work. Governor Martin was able to negotiate a settlement to the strike but problems continued throughout Kansas, Missouri, and Texas.


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