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Colored people of Topeka to Governor Samuel J. Crawford

Colored people of Topeka to Governor Samuel J. Crawford
Creator: Colored People of Topeka (Kan.)
Date: February 25, 1867
Black residents of Topeka submitted a resolution to Governor Samuel J. Crawford concerning impartial suffrage. The resolution expresses the residents' gratitude to the legislature and the governor for their support of an amendment to the state constitution on impartial suffrage. Propositions put before the voters proposing to strike the words "white" and "male" from the state constitution were ultimately defeated. The proposed amendments followed Governor Crawford's submission of the proposed Article XIV of the United States Constitution to the Kansas Legislature for ratification. The Fourteenth Amendment defined U.S. citizenship and compelled Confederate states to adopt impartial (male) suffrage.


First Battalion volunteer militia correspondence

First Battalion volunteer militia correspondence
Date: 1868
This correspondence was sent to Kansas Governor Samuel J. Crawford and Kansas Adjutant General Josiah B. McAfee from members of the First Battalion of the Kansas Volunteer Militia. This group was also known as the "Frontier Battalion" charged with defending western parts of Kansas from Indians. Correspondents include Assistant Adjutant General George B. Jenness, Lt. Milo R. Harris, Capt. S. J. Jennings of Company A and his 2nd Lt. Norman A. Lovejoy (including a petition for Jennings' dismissal for drunkenness), Capt. H. D. Baker of Company B, Capt. B. C. Sanders of Company C, Capt. A. J. Armstrong of Company D, Capt. John A. Potts of Company E, and John S. Park, commanding officer of the Sharp's Creek Detachment. A sizable portion of the correspondence was written in Salina, Kansas. There are several items written in Lawrence, Kansas, with a few letters from a number of other communities


Florence Crawford Capper

Florence Crawford Capper
Date: Between 1880s and 1900s
This illustration shows Florence Crawford Capper (1868-1926). The daughter of Kansas' third governor, Samuel Johnson Crawford and his wife Isabel Chase Crawford, Florence was the first daughter to be born to a Kansas Governor while in office. In 1870 Samuel Johnson Crawford named the Marion County, Kansas town Florence after his daughter. On December 1, 1892, Florence married Arthur Capper who would become the twentieth governor of Kansas in 1915. When Arthur Capper was elected to the U. S. Senate, Florence moved to Washington, D. C. with him where she lived until her death.


"From the Plains," New York Times

"From the Plains," New York Times
Creator: New York Times Company
Date: October 19, 1867
This brief article concerns the impending treaty negotiations between various Indian tribes and the U. S. government, which would eventually be signed at Medicine Lodge Creek, Barber County. The article mentions that, in case no peace treaties are signed, the military will protect settlers by stationing more soldiers on the plains and by hastening the completion of more railroads. These railroads would ensure that game animals, essential to the livelihood of the Indian tribes, would be wiped out.


Governor Crawford Indian correspondence

Governor Crawford Indian correspondence
Date: 1867-1868
In response to Indian attacks on frontier settlers, Governor Samuel J. Crawford was authorized by Congress to recruit a battalion of men to handle the crisis. This series of correspondence in Governor Crawford's papers contains many documents from men requesting commissions in the new battalion and permission to recruit soldiers. There are also letters from settlers documenting atrocities, asking for protection from hostile Indians, requesting compensation for stolen goods and livestock, and needing aid merely to survive after losing their supplies to Indian raids. A searchable transcription is available by clicking "Text Version" below. Funds for digitization provided by Mr. Steve Peckel in memory of William Chalfant.


Governor Samuel Crawford and James Monroe Williams

Governor Samuel Crawford and James Monroe Williams
Creator: Brady, Mathew B., 1823 (ca.)-1896
Date: 1869
A carte-de-visite showing Governor Samuel Crawford and James Monroe Williams.


H.L.Jones to Governor Samuel J. Crawford

H.L.Jones to Governor Samuel J. Crawford
Creator: Jones, H.L.
Date: February 02, 1867
In this letter to Kansas Governor Samuel J. Crawford, H.L. Jones briefly discusses the activities of Indians around Salina, Kansas, including the fact that "larger bodies of hostile Indians near the frontier settlements" had recently been reported by friendly Kaw Indians. Jones recommends that Governor Crawford "enable an efficient force of mounted men from the militia to be called to the field if needed either to cooperate with the US forces or to act on the defensive on the frontier."


Hiram Bickerdyke to James Bickerdyke

Hiram Bickerdyke to James Bickerdyke
Creator: Bickerdyke, Hiram
Date: February 26, 1902
In this letter to his brother James Bickerdyke, Hiram Bickerdyke provides his recollections of the events surrounding a raid conducted by Native Indians on Salina in 1868, as well as the local response to the attack.


Hiram Bickerdyke to James Bickerdyke

Hiram Bickerdyke to James Bickerdyke
Creator: Bickerdyke, Hiram
Date: March 31, 1902
In this letter to his brother James Bickerdyke, Hiram Bickerdyke describes Indian raids in 1868 on Salina, Kansas. According to Hiram, an article published regarding the incident, titled "The Straight of It," contained many inaccuracies which he hoped to correct. In fact, Hiram states that the article "at the Best is misleading in many of its statements which are made without any reference to the ability of any one being able to Prove some of them." During the period when the raid occurred, Hiram served as a scout for the U.S. military.


Hiram Bickerdyke to James R. Bickerdyke

Hiram Bickerdyke to James R. Bickerdyke
Creator: Bickerdyke, Hiram
Date: February 11, 1902
In this letter to James R. Bickerdyke, Hiram Bickerdyke comments on the article "The Straight of It," which was written by Julia A. Chase. Hiram also explains that he was a member of the group led by Saline County Sheriff S.R. Wagstaff and Governor Samuel J. Crawford that was created following the 1868 raid on Salina, Kansas.


History of the 19th Kansas Cavalry--Indian War of 1868-69

History of the 19th Kansas Cavalry--Indian War of 1868-69
Creator: Jenness, George B.
Date: 1869
This history of the 19th Kansas, written by the commander of Company F, George B. Jenness, is mainly composed of extracts from his diary. It includes details about where each company was raised, the names of the officers, organization and implementation of orders, the rigors of army life, and troop movements. Jenness' history also includes information about Samuel J. Crawford, the governor of Kansas, who resigned his position to assume command of the regiment on November 5, 1868. The document contains a copy of a letter from General Philip H. Sheridan to Governor Crawford about the need for calling up troops. Information on Native Americans, including interactions between troops and Native Americans, is also contained within this item. Jenness mentions captive chief including Satanta.


Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence

Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Office
Date: 1865
Correspondence sent and received by the Kansas Adjutant General's Office. Thomas J. Anderson succeeded Cyrus K. Holliday as Adjutant General in April 1865. Notable correspondents include Edmund G. Ross, William McEntyre Dye, and Sidney Clarke. Several letters were also received from publisher D.R. Anthony regarding the copying and distribution of the 1864 Adjutant General's Report. Many letters acknowledge the sending and receipt of muster rolls. This correspondence also includes several petitions nominating a new Brigadier General, including Colonel Sandy Lowe of Douglas County replacing General William Fishbacker. A searchable, full-text version of this correspondence is available by clicking "Text Version" below.


Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence

Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Office
Date: 1867
This item is correspondence received by the Adjutant General's Office. Josiah B. McAfee succeeded Thomas J. Anderson as Kansas Adjutant General in August 1867. The correspondence includes letters from citizens seeking to reenter the armed forces, orders for the disarmament of state militia arsenals, and claims for service records and pensions. A letter, dated June 25, 1867, from former Kansas Governor Charles Robinson, states that a list of officers commissioned during his term is no longer in his possession. Also included are several statements taken by district court clerk Mitchell G. Williams in New Albany, Wilson County, Kansas, regarding the theft and killing of horses by Osage Indians.


Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence

Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Office
Date: 1868
This correspondence received by the Adjutant General's Office, headed by Josiah B. McAfee, discusses a variety of topics including the burial places of deceased Kansas soldiers, requests for recruiting commissions to raise a company of militiamen, and "Price's Raid Claims." There is frequent correspondence with Philip M. Sheridan, in command of the Missouri Department in Fort Hays, and letters from concerned citizens of Sibley, Kansas, worried that Indian presence and shrinking provisions are forcing people to leave the area.


Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence

Kansas Adjutant General general correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Office
Date: 1866
Correspondence received by the Adjutant General's Office. Colonel Thomas J. Anderson served as the Kansas Adjutant General from April 1, 1865-August 18, 1867. Some of the topics discussed include the newly elected officials of the Mission Creek township militia in Wabaunsee County, residents of Baxter Springs seeking militia protection from bushwhackers, correspondence with E.B. Taylor, Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Northern Superintendency in Omaha, relating to testimony given by Pawnee Indians on charge of murder at Solomon's Fork, monthly enlistment reports for the 13th U.S. Infantry and 18th U.S. Infantry, and a letter from Clara Barton on behalf of the Office of Correspondence with the Friends of the Missing Men of the United States Army.


Marion County organization records

Marion County organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: 1865
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file is the memorial to the governor, election returns for various county officials, and the proclamation from the governor naming Marion Center as the county seat.


Medical history of the 19th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry Volunteers

Medical history of the 19th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry Volunteers
Creator: Bailey, Mahlon
Date: 1869
Mahlon Bailey, the regimental surgeon, recorded this medical history of the 19th Kansas Cavalry. This history includes information on the hasty physicals given to new recruits, wounds received in battle, and other medical problems encountered on the trail, as well as general information about the day-to-day activities of the soldiers. Located at the end of the report is a chart detailing the medical problems of the regiment, including the number of cases of dysentery, gonorrhea, pneumonia, ulcers, burns, and sprains (among many others). At the end of these charts, Bailey expresses his appreciation to the commanders of the regiment, thanking them for following his medical advice and showing concern for the health of their soldiers.


Ottawa County organization records

Ottawa County organization records
Creator: Kansas. Secretary of State
Date: 1866
In order for an unorganized county to be recognized by the state of Kansas, a certain number of householders/legal electors had to petition the governor. The governor would appoint a census taker. Initially, unorganized counties were required to document that they had at least 600 inhabitants in order to be recognized as a county by the state legislature. Over time the number of residents needed to organize a county changed to 1500 and later to 2500 residents. The census was submitted to the governor who then issued a proclamation indicating that the requirements had been met, appointing county commissioners and a county clerk, and naming a county seat. Not all of these documents are available for each county. Included in this file are several letters pertaining to the county population, and the proclamation from the governor appointing county officers and designating Ayersville as the county seat.


Philip H. Sheridan to Samuel J. Crawford

Philip H. Sheridan to Samuel J. Crawford
Creator: Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888
Date: September 26, 1868
This confidential letter was written by General Philip Henry Sheridan, a Civil War veteran who led a series of campaigns against Native Americans on the western frontier. In this letter he informs Kansas governor Samuel Crawford of the locations and positions of military units on the frontier. Sheridan also expresses his desire to destroy the Indians' villages and horses and bring these tribes into submission. Sheridan was well-known for his ruthless pursuit of Native Americans and lack of concern for the welfare of non-combatants.


Proclamation Activating the 19th Kansas Volunteer Regiment

Proclamation Activating the 19th Kansas Volunteer Regiment
Creator: Crawford, S. J. (Samuel Johnson), 1835-1913
Date: September 14, 1868
This proclamation, signed by Governor Samuel J. Crawford in 1868, activated the 19th Kansas Volunteer Regiment. This regiment was created specifically to fight in any impending conflicts between native tribes and the U.S. government. According to this proclamation, the 19th Kansas would be composed of five companies of cavalry (80 to 100 each) serving for a period of three months.


Samuel J. Crawford

Samuel J. Crawford
Date: Unknown
Portrait of Samuel Johnson Crawford, 1835-1913, who served as the third Governor of Kansas from 1865 to 1868.


Samuel J. Crawford

Samuel J. Crawford
Date: 1860s
Portrait of Samuel Johnson Crawford, 1835-1913, who served in the Union army during the Civil War and was the third Governor of Kansas from 1865 to 1868.


Samuel Johnson Crawford

Samuel Johnson Crawford
Creator: Leonard, J. H.
Date: Between 1890 and 1910
Portrait of Samuel Johnson Crawford, third Governor of Kansas from 1865to 1868. He is the youngest man to have served as Governor, being only 29 years old when elected. He resigned from office November 4, 1868 to take command of the 19th Kansas Regiment. He died in Topeka on October 21, 1913.


W.D. Blackford, Attorney-at-Law

W.D. Blackford, Attorney-at-Law
Creator: Blackford, W.D.
Date: Unknown
This item is a business card for attorney W.D. Blackford, and it indicates that he specialized in claims, including "Indian Depredation Claims." References include Governor Harvey of Kansas and former Kansas Governor S.J. Crawford of Emporia, Kansas.


William D. Blackford to H.W. Farnsworth

William D. Blackford to H.W. Farnsworth
Creator: Blackford, W.D.
Date: September 29, 1898
In this letter to H.W. Farnsworth, William D. Blackford addresses current claims regarding Indian Depredations. In particular, Blackford addresses the cost of bringing the claims before the Court of Claims.


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