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Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1854 to 1865 (Benchmark 2) - Civil War in Kansas (Indicator 6) - Quantrillâs Raid

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Benjamin Talbot Babbitt to Governor Thomas Carney

Benjamin Talbot Babbitt to Governor Thomas Carney
Creator: Benjamin Talbot Babbitt
Date: December 30, 1863
In this letter, prominent New York soap manufacturer B.T. Babbitt writes to Kansas governor Thomas Carney to offer 100 packages of his soap to the victims of Quantrill's raid on Lawrence.


Destruction of the city of Lawrence and massacre of its inhabitants by so-called rebel guerrillas

Destruction of the city of Lawrence and massacre of its inhabitants by so-called rebel guerrillas
Creator: Harpers Weekly
Date: September 5, 1863
This is an illustration of the August 21, 1863, raid led by William Clarke Quantrill, 1837-1865, on Lawrence, Kansas. Quantrill and a group of 300 Confederate guerrillas attacked Lawrence at dawn. They shot down every man they saw and fired into the windows as they rode by, killing nearly 200 people. Banks, stores, and saloons were all looted, along with dozens of houses. Much of what could not be carried off was burned and the town was covered with smoke. By nine o'clock in the morning, it was all over and Quantrill escaped into the Missouri hills. The illustration was copied from the September 5, 1863, issue of Harper's Weekly.


H.M. Simpson to Hiram Hill

H.M. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Creator: Simpson, H.M
Date: September 7, 1863
H.M. Simpson, of the Banking House of Simpsons Brothers in Lawrence, Kansas, wrote this letter to Hiram Hill of Massachusetts that provides many details concerning the number of dead and the extent of the destruction caused by Quantrill and his men during their August 21, 1863, raid on Lawrence. Chillingly, the letter vividly details how several of the victims of the attack met their end at the hands of Quantrill's raiders, including one man who paid the attackers $1,000 to spare his life, only to be shot and killed immediately after he turned the money over.


Henry Newman to Thomas Carney

Henry Newman to Thomas Carney
Creator: Henry Newman
Date: August 25, 1863
Henry Newton, a Kansas merchant working in Boston, Massachusetts, is responding to the news of Quantrill's raid on Lawrence. Newton uses the event to try an elicit increased protection for the citizens and businessmen of Osawatomie, Kansas. In particular, Newton requests that a company of soldiers be sent to protect that area, and he mentions that Osawatomie will house said troops rent free. Newton also explains that troops are needed because he and other businessmen will not send any more goods to Kansas as long as they feel that there is a lack of sufficient protection for their merchandise.


Hugh Dunn Fisher

Hugh Dunn Fisher
Date: Between 1861 and 1865
A portrait of Hugh Dunn Fisher, a Methodist minister that settled in Lawrence, Kansas, during the Civil War. He served as chaplain of the Fifth Kansas Volunteer Cavalry. Fisher survived Quantrill's raid by hiding in a cellar under his home. He wrote a autobiography "the Gun and The Gospel".


James Gillpatrick Blunt

James Gillpatrick Blunt
Date: Between 1865 and 1870
This black and white photograph shows General James Gillpatrick Blunt in a military uniform. Gen. Blunt commanded Union forces during the Civil War in engagements such as the Battle of Old Fort Wayne, the Battle of Prarie Grove, the Battle of Honey Springs, and the first and second Battle of Newtonnia. At the end of the Civil War, Gen. Blunt commanded the District of South Kansas.


James Henry Lane

James Henry Lane
Creator: Brady, Mathew B., 1823 (ca.)-1896
Date: Between 1861 and 1866
This is a portrait of James Henry Lane, 1814-1866, United States senator from Kansas, 1861-1866. The photograph taken by renowned Civil War-era photographer Matthew Brady.


Quantrill's Raid on Lawrence

Quantrill's Raid on Lawrence
Creator: Enderton, Sherman Bronson
Date: between 1868 and 1880
This pencil drawing on wood pulp paper shows Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, Kansas, drawn by Sherman Enderton. Early in the morning of August 21, 1863, Confederate guerilla forces led by William Clarke Quantrill, 1837-1865, attacked Lawrence, Kansas, killing nearly 200 people and burning most of the town. Enderton was a private in Co. E, 11th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry during the Civil War.


Quantrill's raid

Quantrill's raid
Creator: Fisk, Lauretta Louise Fox
Date: between 1866 and 1919
This black and white water color on paper was created by Lauretta Louise Fox Fisk, wife of Washburn College sociology professor Dr. D.M. Fisk, shows Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, Kansas, August 21, 1863. Confederate guerilla forces led by William Clarke Quantrill, 1837-1865, attacked Lawrence, Kansas, killing nearly 200 people and burning most of the town.


Reunion of Quantrill's Raid survivors in Lawrence, Kansas

Reunion of Quantrill's Raid survivors in Lawrence, Kansas
Date: 1925
This photograph shows survivors of Quantrill's raid. Early in the morning of August 21, 1863, Confederate guerrilla forces led by William Clarke Quantrill, attacked Lawrence, Kansas, killing nearly 200 people and burning most of the town. This photograph was taken at Strong Hall on the University of Kansas campus in Lawrence, Kansas. There are five African Americans in the photo.


Rhoda A. (Mrs. John Henry D.) Brown

Rhoda A. (Mrs. John Henry D.) Brown
Creator: DaLee, Amon Gilbert
Date: Between 1860 and 1870
This carte-de-visite shows Rhoda A. Brown, (d. July 30, 1871 at the age of 37), the wife of Sheriff John Henry D. Brown of Douglas County, Kansas. During Quantrill's raid on the city of Lawrence, Kansas, Rhoda and her sister Maggie Stevens protected the sheriff from Border Ruffians by hiding him under their home. After the attack, nearly 150 men were dead and the town was left in ruins. Henry's second wife was Charlotte Maxon Brown (1840-1924).


Richard Cordley

Richard Cordley
Date: Between 1865 and 1866
A portrait of Richard Cordley, pastor of the Plymouth Congregational Church, Lawrence, Kansas, for thirty-eight years. Cordley preached his first sermon on December 2, 1857, and he remained as pastor until 1875, when he went to Flint, Michigan for awhile, after which he was pastor of a church at Emporia, Kansas, for six years. In 1884 he returned to Lawrence and continued as pastor of the Plymouth Church until his death, which occurred on July 11, 1904. At the time of the Quantrill raid, August 21,1863, his house and all its contents were burned, and he was one of the persons marked for death, but he managed to elude the guerrillas. In 1874, the University of Kansas conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Divinity. He served for some time as a regent of the Kansas Agricultural College, and was for several years president of the Lawrence Board of Education. He was the author of "Pioneer Days in Kansas" and a "History of Lawrence," and was a contributor to magazines and church periodicals.


Simeon Montgomery Thorp

Simeon Montgomery Thorp
Creator: Fassett, S. M.
Date: 1862
A portrait of Simeon Montgomery Thorp, who resided in Lawrence, Kansas, and was State Superintendent of Public Instruction. He served as Kansas State Senator in 1863. In that same year, Thorp was killed in Quantrill's raid.


The state to be placed upon a war footing!

The state to be placed upon a war footing!
Creator: Kansas. Militia
Date: September 1863
This broadside appeared shortly after William Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, Kansas. It contains Kansas governor Thomas Carney's orders directing the Kansas State Militia to muster on September 12, 1863. The text includes details such as where and when militias will muster, how they will elect their officers and non-commissioned officers, the reason for the call-up, and the terms of service related to the call-up.


Victims of Quantrill's raid

Victims of Quantrill's raid
Creator: Cordley, Richard
Date: Between 1861 and 1864
A composite of portraits showing Dr. J. F. Griswold, Harlow W. Baker, Josiah Trask, and Simeon Montgomery Thorp. These men were victims of Quantrill's raid in Lawrence, Kansas. It was copied from A History of Lawrence, Kansas, by Richard Cordley who himself experienced and survived Quantrill's raid.


William Clarke Quantrill

William Clarke Quantrill
Creator: Connelley, William Elsey, 1855-1930
Date: Possibly between 1850 and 1865
A portrait of "The Guerrilla Chief" William Clarke Quantrill, 1837-1865, as copied from the book "Quantrill and the Border Wars" by William Elsey Connelley (1st Ed., 1909). Early in the morning of August 21, 1863, Confederate guerilla forces led by Quantrill attacked Lawrence, Kansas, killing nearly 200 people and burning most of the town.


William Clarke Quantrill

William Clarke Quantrill
Date: Between 1861 and 1865
This is a formal portrait of William Clarke Quantrill, 1837-1865. Early in the morning of August 21, 1863, Confederate guerilla forces led by Quantrill attacked Lawrence, Kansas, killing nearly 200 people and burning most of the town.


William [Bloody Bill] Anderson

William [Bloody Bill] Anderson
Date: Between 1860 and 1865
Drawing of William [Bloody Bill] Anderson, a Missouri Confederate guerrilla who followed William Quantrill. The source is unknown.


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