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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.



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Community Life - Clubs and organizations - Reform/Advocacy - National Temperance Society

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Carry Amelia Nation

Carry Amelia Nation
Creator: Nichols and Davidson
Date: 1901
Portrait of Carry A. Nation holding a hatchet and Bible.

Carry Nation poster

Carry Nation poster
Creator: Gillin Print Company
Date: between 1901 and 1902
Large, rectangular color poster advertising an appearance by Carry Nation, a temperance advocate who gained notoriety by attacking saloons. Her activities began in Medicine Lodge, Kansas, in 1899. A hatchet was her symbol because she often used the tool to smash saloon fixtures. In Nation's autobiography, The Use and Need of the Life of Carry A. Nation, she explained the genesis of this poster. While jailed in Topeka for smashing saloon fixtures in July 1901, Nation received a letter from James Furlong, manager of the Lyceum Theater in Rochester, New York. According to Nation, Furlong offered to bail her out of jail if she granted him some lecture dates. She agreed, was pardoned, and left almost immediately for a Chautauqua in Clarksburg, Ohio. Her lecture series continued across upstate New York.

Governor John St. John prohibition received correspondence

Governor John St. John prohibition received correspondence
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1879-1883 : St. John)
Date: January 1879-December 1882
Republican politician John St. John complied this series of correspondence on temperance and prohibition issues from letters received while governor of Kansas from 1879-1882. The correspondence includes letters supporting and opposing the prohibition of liquor, petitions of civic organizations, newspaper articles, and various other forms. St. John persuaded the Kansas Legislature to pass a constitutional amendment for prohibition that voters approved in 1880. In 1881, the legislature passed the Prohibitory Law making Kansas the first state to prohibit alcohol under its constitution. The national Prohibition Party nominated St. John for President of the United States in 1884. A transcription of this collection is not yet available. This collection includes all prohibition correspondence from boxes 19-24 of the John St. John Governor's Papers. An inventory of the entire St. John collection is included as a link below.

Prohibition.  A constitutional law

Prohibition. A constitutional law
Creator: St. John, John Pierce, 1833-1916
Date: January 20, 1882
An address on prohibition delivered at the Horticultural Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on January 20, 1882 by Kansas Governor John P. St. John.

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