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This is a portrait of Catherine (Kate) Elizabeth German, who was taken captive with her younger sisters, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, by Cheyenne Indians after their family was killed. Kate was born on March 21, 1857. On September 11, 1874, the John German family, consisting of his wife and seven children, was attacked by a band of Cheyenne east of Ft. Wallace, Kansas. Only four of the children, Catherine, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, were spared and taken captive. The two youngest, Julia and Adelaide (aged 7 and 5), were subsequently abandoned on the prairie in what is now the Texas panhandle. Sophia and Catherine were kept by their Cheyenne captors. Fort Wallace received word of the killings and began the search to find the girls and to negotiate their release. They found Julia and Adelaide, who had survived on their own for 6 weeks, and on March 1, 1875, the Cheyennes formally released Catherine and Sophia German at the Darlington Agency in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The two girls were reunited with their younger sisters at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas in June of 1875.

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Zachary Alonzo Grant, World War I soldier Zachary Alonzo Grant, World War I soldier

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Alexander Braun oral history

Alexander Braun oral history
Creator: Keckeisen, Sara J. (Sara Ellen Judge)
Date: 2006
An oral interview with Alexander Braun conducted by Sara Keckeisen. He was born July 10, 1923 in Wernersdorf the Ukraine the son of Peter and Katharina (Braeul) Braun. After World War II, Mr. Braun fled west from the former Soviet Union. Eventually he immigrated to Canada (1949) on contract with the Canadian Government to work as a miner in Northern Quebec. After years of persistent attempts, in 1953 he was able to come to the United States from Kitchener, Ontario, Canada, to join his wife and her parents in Kansas. Alexander worked in auto body repair. He later was employed by the Kansas Neurological Institute (KNI) and the State of Kansas as a Master Electrician before his retirement in 1991. These are long clips. The first clip is sixty-three minutes, the second is seventy-three minutes. A searchable transcription of the interview is available by clicking on Text Version below.


Alice Sudlow Ash video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Alice Sudlow Ash video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Ash, Alice Sudlow
Date: November 3, 2007
Alice Sudlow enlisted in the WAVE: Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (U.S. Navy) in 1943 and served until 1945. Interviewed by Suzette McCord-Rogers on Nov 3, 2007, Ash talked about military experiences in the Second World War. She was sent to Bronx, New York, for basic training and then to Oklahoma to attend aviation mechanic school. She served the rest of her enlistment in Jacksonville, Florida, repairing airplane engines. She was born in Holton in 1924 and graduated from Holton High School in 1942. After she married Don Ash, she lived in Circleville, Kansas. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Allen Easum video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Allen Easum video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Easum, Allen C., Jr.
Date: September 26, 2007
Allen C. Easum was inducted into the Army (Infantry) in 1945 and served until 1946 in the 40th Infantry Division, 160th Infantry. He was drafted in 1944 and went to bacis train at Fort Robinson, Arkansas. He was sent to Fort Dix, New Jersey, but the war in Europe ended. He was sent to the Philippines and later Korea. Interviewed by Nancy Porter on Sep 26, 2007, Easum talked about military experiences in the Second World War. He was born in Yates Center, Kansas on October 20, 1926. He attended school in Quincy, Kansas, but graduated from Liberty Memorial High School in Lawrence, 1944. After his service, he returned to Lawrence. He worked as a mechanic for Pickens and a Ford dealership before opening his own business A. C. E. Steering and Brakes. He operated that from 1963 through 1993. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Watkins Community Museum of History (Lawrence) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Alois (Bud) Madl video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Alois (Bud) Madl video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Madl, Alois "Bud"
Date: June 12, 2007
Alois (Bud) Madl was inducted into the Army (Infantry) in 1944 and served until 1946. He was stationed in Belgium and Czechoslovakia. Interviewed by Brian Grubbs on Jun 12, 2007, Madl talked about military experiences in the Second World War. He was born near Baldwin City on Februrary 6, 1926. He attended Prospect School and one year of Baldwin High School. After that he work on the family dairy farm with his father. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Watkins Community Museum of History (Lawrence) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Aloysius Winklebauer and Cyril Winklebauer video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Aloysius Winklebauer and Cyril Winklebauer video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Winklebauer, Aloysius
Date: April 21, 2007
Aloysius Winklebauer was inducted into the Army (Infantry) in 1942 and served until 1946 in the 95th Infantry, 97th Infantry, 386th Regiment Headquarters Co. He was stationed in both Europe and the Pacific. He was born January 22, 1921, and grew up in Horton. Before and after the war he worked in Construction. The transcript also contains an interview with Aloysius's brother Cyril. He was stationed in Brazil but it is not clear in what branch of the military he served. They were interviewed by Suzette McCord-Rogers on Apr 21, 2007. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Archie Hawkins video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Archie Hawkins video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Hawkins, Archie
Date: August 14, 2006
Archie Hawkins was drafted into the Army (Air Corps) in 1942 and served until 1945 in the 83rd Squadron. Interviewed by Pattie Johnston on Aug 14, 2006, Hawkins talked about military experiences in the Second World War. He provides descriptions of his training and combat missions as a crew member on a B-25 bomber in the Army Air Corps. He was born April 24, 1919, in South Dakota. He was a Sioux Indian and he and both of his parents attended Haskell Institute in Lawrence, Kansas. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Watkins Community Museum of History (Lawrence) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Arthur Lamb video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Arthur Lamb video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Lamb, Arthur W.
Date: September 27, 2007
Arthur Lamb enlisted in the Navy in 1942 and served until 1946 in the Amphibians. Interviewed by Pattie Johnston on September 27, 2007, Lamb talked about military experiences in the Second World War. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Watkins Community Museum of History (Lawrence) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


August "Gus" Bogina Jr. oral history transcript

August "Gus" Bogina Jr. oral history transcript
Date: February 16, 2018
Mr. Bogina, originally from Shawnee, Kansas, and now retired, worked as a consulting engineer during his career. He graduated from Kansas State University with a degree in engineering. He was first elected to the Kansas House of Representatives in 1974 and reelected to two additional terms, serving from 1975 through 1980; in 1980, he was elected to the Kansas Senate and reelected to four additional terms. He served as chair of the Senate Ways and Means Committee for eleven sessions, 1985 through 1995. This oral history interview of August "Gus" Bogina, former member of both the Kansas House of Representatives and the Kansas Senate, is being conducted under the sponsorship of the Kansas Oral History Project, Inc., a nonprofit corporation created for the purpose of establishing an archive of oral histories of Kansas state legislators who served prior to the year 2000. These interviews are funded in part by a grant from the Kansas Humanities Council. Professor Ed Flentje of Wichita State University is conducting this interview at the Kansas Statehouse in Topeka, Kansas, on February 16th, 2018.


Austin E. "Bud" Albright video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Austin E. "Bud" Albright video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Albright, Austin E.
Date: Oct. 1, 1999
Staff Sergeant Austin E. "Bud" Albright was drafted into the Army (Infantry) in 1942 and served until 1945 in the Co B 35th Reg 25th Div. Interviewed by James Johnston on Oct 1, 1999, Albright talked about military experiences in the Second World War. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Greater Barber County Historical Action Assn and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Beatrice Coats interview, WWII oral history, Kinsley, Kansas

Beatrice Coats interview, WWII oral history, Kinsley, Kansas
Creator: Coats, Beatrice Josephine (Basgall)
Date: December 29, 2009
This is an interview with Beatrice Coats, part of an oral history project entitled "Patchwork of Dependency: The Effects of WWII on Edwards County, Kansas" conducted by the Kinsley Public Library. The project was supported by a Kansas Humanities Council Heritage Grant. Beatrice talks of her family, education, and the home front during WWII.


Billy Olsen interview, Kinsley, Kansas

Billy Olsen interview, Kinsley, Kansas
Creator: Olsen, Billy Jerome
Date: February 23, 2011
This transcript of an interview with Billy Olsen is part of an oral history project entitled "Patterns of Change, Edwards County, Kansas 1950-1970" conducted by the Kinsley Public Library. The project was supported by a Kansas Humanities Council Heritage Grant. Olsen talks of his family, education, military career, and his memories of the Edwards County community.


Boyd Mundhenke interview, Kinsley, Kansas

Boyd Mundhenke interview, Kinsley, Kansas
Creator: Mundhenke, Boyd Marlin
Date: January 26, 2011
This transcript of an interview with Boyd Mundhenke is part of an oral history project entitled "Patterns of Change, Edwards County, Kansas 1950-1970" conducted by the Kinsley Public Library. The project was supported by a Kansas Humanities Council Heritage Grant. Mundhenke talks of his family, education, his Peace Corps career, and his memories of the Edwards County community.


Buford Brodbeck interview, WWII oral history, Kinsley, Kansas

Buford Brodbeck interview, WWII oral history, Kinsley, Kansas
Creator: Brodbeck, Buford
Date: December 08, 2009
This interview with Buford Brodbeck is part of an oral history project entitled "Patchwork of Dependency: The Effects of WWII on Edwards County, Kansas" conducted by the Kinsley Public Library. The project was supported by a Kansas Humanities Council Heritage Grant. Buford talks of his family, education, military career, and places of employment.


C. M. (Bud) Geis video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

C. M. (Bud) Geis video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Geis, C. M. (Bud)
Date: November 10, 2007
C.M. (Bud) Geis was inducted into the United States Army in 1942 and served until 1945 in the 4th Infantry Division, 480th Tire Repair. Interviewed by Suzette McCord-Rogers on Nov 10, 2007, Geis talked about military experiences in the Second World War. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Carmen Rodriguez interview, Kinsley, Kansas

Carmen Rodriguez interview, Kinsley, Kansas
Creator: Rodriguez, Carmen Rustica (Molina)
Date: April 18, 2011
This transcript of an interview with Carmen Rodriguez is part of an oral history project entitled "Patterns of Change, Edwards County, Kansas 1950-1970" conducted by the Kinsley Public Library. The project was supported by a Kansas Humanities Council Heritage Grant. Rodriguez talks of her family, education, and her memories of the Edwards County community.


Carroll Loyd video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Carroll Loyd video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Loyd, Carroll
Date: October 2, 2007
Carroll Loyd was inducted into the United States Army in 1945 and served until 1946 in Army Counterintelligence. He did basic training at Camp Roberts, California. Most of his training for counterintelligence was at Camp Halabird, Maryland. He studied Japanese and the Japanese culture. He was sent to Tokyo after the war had ended. He was born on a farm near Hiawatha on June 17, 1921. He graduated from Powhattan Rural High School in 1939. He had numerous farm deferments before he was drafted. He was interviewed by Suzette McCord-Rogers on Oct 2, 2007. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Cecil Stecher video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Cecil Stecher video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Stecher, Cecil L.
Date: June 12, 2007
Cecil Stecher enlisted in the Navy in 1943 and served until 1946. He was a Navy Air cadet and trained as a torpedo bomber. He was born June 14, 1925, near Baldwin, Kansas. He attended grade school at Spring Creek and Prairie City and graduated from Baldwin High School. He worked at the Sunflower Ordinance Works in DeSoto before joining the Navy. Interviewed by Deborah Pye on Jun 12, 2007, Stecher talked about military experiences in the Second World War. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Watkins Community Museum of History (Lawrence) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Charles Gibson video Interview on experiences in World War II

Charles Gibson video Interview on experiences in World War II
Creator: Gibson, Charles William
Private First Class [PFC] Gibson was drafted into the Army (Infantry) in 1944 and served until 1945 in the 99th Infantry Division, 1st Army, 12th Army Group. He was trained to use a 30 caliber water cooled machine gun, with a crew of two ammunition bearers. He was involved in the Battle of the Bulge in Europe. He was injured but he described how a doctor in the unit treated him so his leg would not need to be amputated. He was interviewed by Suzette McCord-Rogers. Gibson was born north of Sparks, Kansas on April 1, 1925. He graduated from Sparks High School and worked for farmers until he was drafted. After the war, he returned to Sparks. He worked in construction for a time, helping build a highway between Sparks and White Cloud. He went into law enforcement and served as a deputy sheriff, and under sheriff, and as chief of police in Highland. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Charles I. Baston interview

Charles I. Baston interview
Creator: Baston, Charles I.
Date: May 14, 1992
Charles Baston was born in Lee's Summit, Missouri, on April 24, 1917. He attended grade school and junior high school while still living in Lee's Summit, and after junior high he moved to Topeka to attend the Kansas Vocational Technical School. He moved to Topeka permanently after his World War II discharge. Baston was a member of the executive committee of the local chapter of the NAACP during the Brown v. Board hearings. Much of his interview deals with the NAACPs role in finding plaintiffs in the Brown case, the problem with busing students to segregated schools, and other individuals who were instrumental to the success of this suit. Towards the end of the interview he also talks about how the Brown decision has not reached its full potential because of the racial prejudices that still exist today. Jean VanDelinder conducted the interview. The Brown v. Board oral history project was funded by Hallmark Cards Inc., the Shawnee County Historical Society, the Brown Foundation for Educational Excellence, Equity, and Research, the National Park Service, and the Kansas Humanities Council. Parts of the interview may be difficult to hear due to the quality of the original recording.


Charles Parker video interview on experiences in World War II

Charles Parker video interview on experiences in World War II
Creator: Parker, Charles William
Charles Parker enlisted in the Army (Air Corps) in 1943 and served until 1945 in the 453rd Bomb Group, 8th Air Force. He did his basic training at Gibson Field, Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. He became a bombardier navigator and he describes all the specialized training he had to take for the job. He was sent to England in the fall of 1944 as part of a B-24 crew. He was involved in over 20 missions with targets of factories, railroad yards, and troop concentrations in Germany. He was born in Highland, Kansas, on August 31, 1923. He graduated from Highland High School and attended Highland Community College before he enlisted. After the war he returned to Highland and served as the postmaster there for 33 years. He was interviewed by Suzette McCord-Rogers. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Charles Scheidegger video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Charles Scheidegger video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Scheidegger, Charles E.
Date: November 9, 2007
Charles Scheidegger was inducted into the Army (Artillery) on August 15, 1941 and served until October 31, 1945 with Field Artillery. He was stationed at Virginia Beach, Virginia; Camp Chaffee, Arkansas; and mechanics school at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Scheidegger was sent overseas, landing in LeHarve, France, and going on to Germany. He did maintenance for a field artillery group. He was born in Dawson, Nebraska, December 7, 1916, and his family mover to a farm near Holton, Kansas in 1924. He was interviewed by Suzette McCord-Rogers on Nov 9, 2007. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Chris Hansen interview

Chris Hansen interview
Creator: Hansen, Chris
Date: October 5, 1992
Chris Hansen was an attorney with the American Civil Liberties Union, starting in 1973. In 1984, after the Brown v. Board desegregation case was reopened, Hansen served on the legal team working on this case. The ACLU was representing 17 children and their parents who claimed that the Topeka USD501 district had not fully complied with the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision declaring segregated schools unconstitutional. The case went before the Federal District Court in October 1986, and four years later after an appeal, the court ruled in favor of the petitioners, stating that Topeka Public Schools had not fully complied with the court decision to desegregate. Hansen's interview discusses his involvement in the case, the plaintiffs (including Linda Brown Smith) and his experiences in Topeka. The interview was conducted by Jean VanDelinder. The Brown v. Board oral history project was funded by Hallmark Cards Inc., the Shawnee County Historical Society, the Brown Foundation for Educational Excellence, Equity, and Research, the National Park Service, and the Kansas Humanities Council.


Christina Jackson interview

Christina Jackson interview
Creator: Jackson, Christina
Date: September 20, 1991
Christina Jackson was born on August 15, 1926, in Topeka, Kansas, to Georgia and Jess Edwards. In this interview, Jackson speaks about her experiences at the segregated Washington Elementary School and then at the integrated East Topeka Junior High and Topeka High School. According to Jackson, Washington had very strict teachers who emphasized the importance of learning about African American history. Her children attended Monroe School and, after desegregation, moved to State Street School, which had formerly been a school for white children only. Her children recalled that the faculty at State Street worked hard to integrate the black students, who were for the most part accepted by their peers. It was not until her children entered Holliday Junior High that they struggled with racial discrimination and derogatory comments. Jackson also discusses her work experiences and involvement in social clubs and volunteer organizations. This interview was conducted by Jean VanDelinder and Ralph Crowder. The Brown v. Board oral history project was funded by Hallmark Cards Inc., the Shawnee County Historical Society, the Brown Foundation for Educational Excellence, Equity, and Research, the National Park Service and the Kansas Humanities Council. Parts of the interview may be difficult to hear due to the quality of the original recording.


Clayton Herr video interview on experiences in World War II

Clayton Herr video interview on experiences in World War II
Creator: Herr, Clayton Christopher
Clayton Herr enlisted in the Navy on June 12, 1942, and served until November 13, 1945, aboard the U. S. S. SANTEE, a converted escort carrier (CVE-29). He was trained to be an airplane mechanic and worked on planes on the ship. The ship was part of a convoy to Africa and later Scotland. It also spent time off the coast of South America, with the plane looking for German submarines. The SANTEE went through the Panama Canal and became part of the battle of Leyte Gulf. The ship was damaged during this battle. He was interviewed by Suzette McCord-Rogers. He was born in Craig, Missouri, on May 11, 1921 and the family moved to a farm near Oregon, Missouri, when he was young. After the war he used the G. I. Bill of Rights to attend agricultural agent school in Kansas City. However, he did not farm and moved to Wathena, Kansas in 1947. He worked in a packing house for a number of years. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the nine community institutions that received these grants. The transcript from the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


Cordelia Froetschner, Kinsley, Kansas

Cordelia Froetschner, Kinsley, Kansas
Creator: Froetschner, Cordelia Anna Marie (Gall)
Date: September 28, 2009
These letters and photographs of Cordelia Froetschner were shared as part of an oral history project entitled "Patchwork of Dependency: The Effects of WWII on Edwards County, Kansas" conducted by the Kinsley Public Library. The project was supported by a Kansas Humanities Council Heritage Grant. Included is a letter from relatives in Germany, family photographs, and a newspaper article from the Edwards County Sentinel detailing Cordelia's yearly making of Pfefferneusse and Schnitzbrot.


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