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A. Oestreicher to Eli Thayer

A. Oestreicher to Eli Thayer
Creator: Oestreicher, A.
Date: September 23, 1854
Oestreicher, writing from Cincinnati, Ohio, informed Thayer of the establishment of a Kansas Actual Settler's Association in that city. He indicated that the association, which was comprised primarily of German-Americans, planned to create a settlement in Kansas in the spring of 1855.


A.S. Harris to Thaddeus Hyatt

A.S. Harris to Thaddeus Hyatt
Creator: Harris, A S.
Date: September 22, 1856
A.S. Harris wrote from New York to Thaddeus Hyatt regarding an article in the Journal of Commerce that dealt with the upcoming Presidential election and the strife in Kansas. The clipping was attached to the letter, and it included a rather lengthy attack on emigrant aid societies.


Alden G. Tucker to Edward Everett Hale

Alden G. Tucker to Edward Everett Hale
Creator: Tucker, Alden G.
Date: January 20, 1854
Tucker, a twenty-three year old printer writing from Taunton, Massachusetts, to Edward Everett Hale, volunteered to go to Kansas as part of the "Emigration Association" about which he had heard rumors. Hale later became a leader of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company that was chartered in April 1854.


Allen T. Ward correspondence

Allen T. Ward correspondence
Creator: Ward, Allen T., 1806-1862
Date: 1861
These two letters from the Allen T. Ward collection focus on Kansas at the onset of the Civil War. The letter from Allen to his sister concerns the numerous raids of the Jayhawkers and the Secessionists, and Lane leading a number of blacks to the area. The second letter from W.W. Phillips to John B. Ward focuses on the excitement that war has brought to the area, trouble with the Indians, and Kansans readying themselves for future skirmishes with Missouri.


Amos A. Lawrence to Charles H. Branscomb

Amos A. Lawrence to Charles H. Branscomb
Creator: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: September 26, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing from Boston, Massachusetts to Charles H. Branscomb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, submitted his resignation as treasurer of the Emigrant Aid Company.


Amos A. Lawrence to Charles H. Branscomb

Amos A. Lawrence to Charles H. Branscomb
Creator: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 19, 1855
Amos Lawrence requested that Charles H. Branscomb, who was acting as secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, arrange for the appointment of his (Lawrence's) successor as company treasurer. Lawrence indicated that recently he had paid a $2,000.00 company bill out of personal funds and would not take such action again.


Amos  A. Lawrence to Charles H. Branscomb

Amos A. Lawrence to Charles H. Branscomb
Creator: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: September 22, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing to Charles H. Branscomb, secretary of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, expressed his concern about the growing debts of the Emigrant Aid Company.


Amos A. Lawrence to Doctor Samuel Cabot

Amos A. Lawrence to Doctor Samuel Cabot
Creator: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: October 9, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing to Dr. Samuel Cabot, complained that Eli Thayer was not doing enough in support of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. Lawrence commented that he had personally invested $13,000 in the company during the previous year and declared that it was time to "hold up" on future contributions.


Amos A. Lawrence to James B. Abbott

Amos A. Lawrence to James B. Abbott
Creator: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: August 11, 1855
Amos A. Lawrence wrote from Boston to James Abbott in Hartford, Conneticut, with shipping instructions for the 100 Sharps rifles he would procure. Lawrence requested that they be "packed in casks like hardware" and that Abbott bill him for expenses incurred.


Amos A. Lawrence to James B. Abbott

Amos A. Lawrence to James B. Abbott
Creator: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: August 20, 1855
Amos A. Lawrence wrote from Boston to James Abbott in Hartford, Connecticut, referring to a recent shipment of carbine rifles he had sent, which was "far from being enough." Lawrence advised Abbott to take good care of them, as they might be used as reimbursement to those investors who had subscribed money to the free state cause once "it is settled that Kanzas shall not be a province of Missouri."


Amos A. Lawrence to James B. Abbott

Amos A. Lawrence to James B. Abbott
Creator: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: August 24, 1855
Amos A. Lawrence wrote from Boston to James B. Abbott in Hartford, Connecticut, to confirm his receipt of a shipment of rifles. Lawrence advised Abbott that at least half of them would be required by free state forces in Topeka.


Amos A. Lawrence to Reverend Edward E. Hale

Amos A. Lawrence to Reverend Edward E. Hale
Creator: Lawrence, Amos Adams
Date: February 25, 1855
Amos Lawrence, writing from Boston to Edward Everett Hale, a Worcester, Massachusetts resident, expressed concern about the manner in which Worcester leaders in the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company were doing business. Specifically, Lawrence was upset about Hale's and Eli Thayer's use of Emigrant Aid Company funds to make a loan to George Washington Brown, the editor of the Herald of Freedom.


An act to incorporate the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company

An act to incorporate the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company
Creator: Massachusetts. Legislature. House of Representatives
Date: April 13, 1854
This law was passed by the Massachusetts House of Representatives, declaring that the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was an official company in the state of Massachusetts. It describes the purpose of the company and lists the men involved in its operation. The Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company was the predecessor to the New England Emigrant Aid Company, which was founded in March, 1855.


Annals of Kansas, January - February, 1855

Annals of Kansas, January - February, 1855
Creator: Wilder, Daniel Webster, 1832-1911
Date: January, 1855 through February, 1855
D. W. Wilder's "Annals of Kansas," published in 1886, provides a day-by-day chronicle of significant events in Kansas. These are digital images of Annals of Kansas entries for the territorial period of 1854-1861.


Anonymous to Samuel C. Pomeroy

Anonymous to Samuel C. Pomeroy
Date: May 14, 1855
The author of this lengthy letter chose not to sign his name but offers his observations about Kansas affairs "which may or may not be of service to you." In essence, the correspondent offers a free stater's perspective--not an abolitionist one--on the "modus operandi" of the pro-slave party for Kansas Territory. Slavery, or the slave system, means "despotism" to this individual, and he believes "pro slavery men will use every means" to control the territory, which would soon go to free state "if the contest were a fair and even one." The author declares it critical that Americans elect a president in 1856 who would "do right, a man who loves the Union the whole Union as it is . . . ."


Anson J. Stone to Thomas W. Higginson

Anson J. Stone to Thomas W. Higginson
Creator: Stone, Anson J.
Date: March 12, 1857
This letter written by Anson Stone, assistant treasurer of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, is sent to inform Reverend Thomas W. Higginson, an agent of the Massachusetts Kansas Aid Committee, of the fares for traveling to Kansas Territory. He includes the prices of tickets for each leg of the journey between Boston and Kansas City, with a total price of $34.00. Stone is writing from the company's office at 3 Winter Street, Boston, Massachusetts.


Bluemont Central College records

Bluemont Central College records
Date: 1855-1869
Series of records in the Isaac T. Goodnow collection relating to Bluemont Central College and its successor, the Kansas State Agricultural College, in Manhattan, Kansas. Goodnow was a land agent for the college from 1867-1873.


Certificate of election, James Abbott, Representative to the General Assembly of Kansas

Certificate of election, James Abbott, Representative to the General Assembly of Kansas
Creator: Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866
Date: February 19, 1856
Certification of James Abbott's December 1855 election to the post of Representative for the First Senatorial District in the General Assembly of Kansas under the provisions of the Topeka Constitution. The certificate is signed by James Lane and Joel Goodin, Chairman and Secretary of the Executive Committee, respectively.


Charles H. Branscomb to Martin Brimmer

Charles H. Branscomb to Martin Brimmer
Creator: Branscomb, Charles H.
Date: April 12, 1858
Charles H. Branscomb, a former general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory, wrote from Lawrence to Martin Brimmer, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company Executive Committee. Branscomb defended his performance as general agent for the company and expressed his surprise at having been asked to resign his position.


Charles H. Branscomb to New England Emigrant Aid Company, Expense Account.

Charles H. Branscomb to New England Emigrant Aid Company, Expense Account.
Creator: Branscomb, Charles H.
Date: January 1, 1855 - May 1, 1856
A typical expense report submitted by Charles H. Branscomb, general agent for the New England Emigrant Aid Company in Kansas Territory, detailing his expenditures for 1855 and part of 1856. Among the expenses Branscomb listed were travel, postage, paper, and telegraph costs.


Charles Robinson account book

Charles Robinson account book
Creator: Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894
Date: December 1856 - April 1857
This cloth bound journal is identified as "Dr. Charles Robinson Account Book, 1856-1866." It contains only territorial entries for the years of 1856 and 1857. These entries include the following: S. W. Simpson to Joel Walker draft to purchase land for $500 and notes receivable to sell livestock to Thaddeus Hyatt . The understanding being that Hyatt shall not receive his certificate for shares note until he has placed upon the Kaw River a steamboat of 40 tons buthen,valued at $5000., and suitable to navigate that river.


Charles  Robinson to Amos A. Lawrence

Charles Robinson to Amos A. Lawrence
Creator: Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894
Date: September 28, 1855
Charles Robinson, writing from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence, expressed his optimism about the prospects of Kansas entering the union as a free state within one year. Robinson also informed Lawrence that he had drawn upon him for $1,000.00 to cover New England Emigrant Aid Company expenses.


Charles Robinson to Amos Adams Lawrence

Charles Robinson to Amos Adams Lawrence
Creator: Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894
Date: May 9, 1859
Transcription of a letter from the Amos Adams Lawrence Collection, Massachusetts Historical Society. Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory, to Amos A. Lawrence in Massachusetts. Robinson described the complicated political situation which had arisen from the development of Quindaro. Personal disagreements between Abelard Guthrie, S.N. Simpson, Joel Walker, and himself were making progress difficult. Robinson hoped that, upon their resolution, they could move forward with securing a contract with the Parkville & Grand River Railroad, as well as plans for a college. Two church groups had expressed interest in opening up their own institutions, or working with Robinson to found one. Robinson included a plat map for a prospective site, to which he did not entirely give his support; he added comments regarding the admission of women to the college, and thanked Lawrence again for his support of their enterprises.


Charles Robinson to Edward Everett Hale

Charles Robinson to Edward Everett Hale
Creator: Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894
Date: April 7, 1857
Charles Robinson wrote from Lawrence, Kansas Territory to Edward Everett Hale, a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company's Executive Committee. Robinson complained about the lack of respect he had received from New England Emigrant Aid Company leaders. He was particularly upset about criticisms of his financial ability. Robinson expressed anger at what he perceived as Eli Thayer's and the New England Emigrant Aid Company's opposition to the development of the town of Quindaro. Robinson included excerpts from a letter he received from James Redpath outlining Thayer's criticisms of Robinson's involvement with Quindaro.


Charles Robinson to Eli Thayer

Charles Robinson to Eli Thayer
Creator: Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894
Date: July 26, 1855
Charles Robinson, free state leader and activist, wrote to introduce James Abbott to Eli Thayer, organizer of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. Robinson described Abbott as trustworthy and "true as steel to the cause of Freedom in Kansas." He wrote that the rifles previously shipped to Lawrence had had a "very good effect," and suggested that Thayer procure more. On the back of Robinson's letter, Charles Branscomb, Secretary pro tempore of the New England Emigrant Aid Company, wrote an endorsement of Robinson as an agent for the Company, and added his own support of James Abbott.


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