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1878 Penny from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

1878 Penny from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1878
This penny dates to 14 years later than the Battle of Mine Creek, but still can help archeologists understand activity or disturbance at the site. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War. The penny, sometimes called an Indian Head cent or Indian Head penny shows Liberty with a head dress on the obverse side. The reverse side shows an oak wreath and shield surrounding the words "ONE CENT."


.54 Caliber Bullets from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

.54 Caliber Bullets from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
Shown are three of the many bullets recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. All of the artifacts are .54 caliber lead bullets. The one of the far left was manufactured by Sharps and has three grease rings. The other two bullets both have concave or hollow bases. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Ammunition from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Ammunition from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This ammunition was recovered from the Mine Creek Battlefield site in Linn County during a survey and excavation in 1990 by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. On October 25, 1864, Union and Confederate forces met at the site and fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War. Shown here are three different types of ammunition. The larger round ball is grapeshot and was fired along with a number of similar sized balls from a cannon. The shorter round nosed one is a .70 caliber bullet with a concave or hollow base. The longer one is a Sharps .45 caliber bullet.


Axe Head from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Axe Head from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This axe head was recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. There are many variations on axe heads styles, this one is similar to a cabin or New England axe. The butt end has been used as a hammer or an anvil. This axe was cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Battle of Mine Creek centennail ceremony, Linn County, Kansas

Battle of Mine Creek centennail ceremony, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas Department of Transportation
Date: 1964
This photograph shows from left to right: Governor John Anderson; General Joe Michell, Attorney General of Kansas; Governor John Dalton of Missouri; and Professor William E. Berger of Drury College, Springfield, Missouri. The photograph of these men was taken at the centennial cermony of the Civil War battle at Mine Creek in Linn County, Kansas in October 1964.


Battle of Mine Creek centennial ceremony, Linn County, Kansas

Battle of Mine Creek centennial ceremony, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas Department of Transportation
Date: 1964
These two photographs from the centennial ceremony of the battle at Mine Creek in Linn County, Kansas depicts soldiers dressed in uniform with Governor Dalton of Missouri and Governor Anderson of Kansas.


Battle of Mine Creek centennial ceremony, Linn County, Kansas

Battle of Mine Creek centennial ceremony, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas Department of Transportation
Date: 1964
This photograph represents soldiers standing at salute at the centennial ceremony for the Battle of Mine Creek in honor of the Civil War in Linn County, Kansas in October 1964. Depicted in the photograph is Lawrence native Edgar Langsdorf (1911-2000).


Battle of Mine Creek historical marker, Linn County, Kansas

Battle of Mine Creek historical marker, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas Department of Transportation
Date: 1964
This group of photographs depict the Kansas historical marker for the "Battle of Mine Creek". Located one mile south Pleasanton, Kansas on U. S. Highway 69 in Linn County, Kansas. The photograph that has crowds in the background was taken during the centennial ceremony of the battle in October 1964.


Battle of Mine Creek markers, Linn County, Kansas

Battle of Mine Creek markers, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas State Historical Society
Date: 1971
These two photographs represent the historical marker commemorating the Battle of Mine Creek in Linn County, Kansas. One photograph depicts the marker from far providing a better representation of the entire marker while the other portrays the marker close to read the inscription on the marker.


Brass Harness Rosette from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Brass Harness Rosette from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This brass rosette, decorated with a heart, was buckled onto a horse's harness. It was collected during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Brass Trigger Guard from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Brass Trigger Guard from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This brass trigger guard surrounded the trigger and protected it from accidental discharge. It was recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Bullets and Balls from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Bullets and Balls from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
These six different types of ammunition were recovered during a 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. Mine Creek Battlefield was the location where on October 25, 1864, Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War. All of the ammunition shown here was made of lead. On the top row from left to right are a 40-63/70 Ballard ball and a .58 caliber Berdan ball. On the bottom row (all ammunition for use in a pistol) are, from left to right, a .38 caliber ball, a .44 caliber Merwin and Hulbert bullet, a .38 caliber bullet, and a .357 caliber bullet.


Buttons from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Buttons from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
Shown are two different types of button that were recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War. One button is a brass 4-hole sew through, white the other is a ferrous overall button that may post date the battle.


Flintlock Lockplate from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Flintlock Lockplate from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This flintlock lockplate was recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. The artifact was likely from a pre-Civil War single shot horse pistol that belonged to a Confederate cavalryman. It was cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Fork from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Fork from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This serving fork was recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and crew. The fork has two tines and a portion of the tang. The fork was cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Hammer Percussion Cap from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Hammer Percussion Cap from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This gun hammer was recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. The hammer struck a percussion cap and set off a charge. The caplock gun hammer replaced the flintlock firing system. This hammer percussion cap was cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Harness Buckles from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Harness Buckles from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
These two harness buckles were recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. They were cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Horse-Drawn Vehicle Rings from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Horse-Drawn Vehicle Rings from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
These two rings, possibly for a wagon, were recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. Rings were used for trees, either single or double, for levelers or for bars. These have been cleaned by electrolysis, which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Hotchkiss Shell Fragment from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Hotchkiss Shell Fragment from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This Hotchkiss shell was fired from one of two 3-inch ordinance rifles, a rifled cannon, that comprised the Union artillery at the battle of Mine Creek. The shell fragment was cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Ivory or Bone Comb from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Ivory or Bone Comb from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: Unknown
This complete ivory or bone comb was recovered from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield in Linn County during a 1990 survey by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists. On October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War at this site. The comb, however, was recovered from near the farmstead on the property and may post date the battle.


James Dunlavy

James Dunlavy
Creator: Beyer, Walter F
Date: 1903
This illustration shows James Dunlavy, a private in Company D, Third Iowa Cavalry. It was printed in the book "Deeds Of Valor" edited by W. F. Beyer and O. F. Keydel. On October 25, 1864, Dunlavy is credited with capturing Confederate General Marmaduke at the Little Osage Crossing. At this engagement, General Pleasanton routed the Confederates, capturing 1,000 prisoners, military arms, ammunition, and Generals Marmaduke and Cabell.


Knights of Pythias Belt Buckle from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield Site, 14LN337

Knights of Pythias Belt Buckle from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield Site, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This belt buckle was recovered from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield site in Linn County, where, on October 25, 1864, Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War. It is difficult to say if the buckle came from battle, as it is in such good condition, but it was buried and not a surface find, which argues for the belt buckle dating to the battle. The brass buckle depicts a left facing helmeted knight. The Knights of Pythias were the first American fraternal order chartered by an Act of Congress (1864).


Leather with Brass Bosses from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Leather with Brass Bosses from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
The brass bosses on these leatheer scraps are decorative, not functional. The leather could have come from boots, gauntlets, saddle bags or some unknown leather item. They were recovered during a 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. Mine Creek Battlefield was the location where on October 25, 1864, Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Markers, Linn County, Kansas

Markers, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas State Historical Society
Date: 1971
These two photographs represent the markers in Linn County, Kansas for "The Union Commanders" and "The Conferderate Commanders".


Mine Creek battle centennial ceremony, Linn County, Kansas

Mine Creek battle centennial ceremony, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas Department of Transportation
Date: 1964
These photographs represent the centennial celebration at the Battle of Mine Creek in Linn County, Kansas in October 1964. Depicted in these photographs is crowds attending the ceremony and a parade of cars driving down a road at the battle site.


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