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A.R. Sleeper to Senator Arthur Capper

A.R. Sleeper to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Sleeper, A.R.
Date: August 20, 1943
A letter from A.R. Sleeper of Iola, Kansas, to Kansas Senator Arthur Capper in Topeka. Sleeper, a member of the Allen County Selective Service Board, asks that the operation of Selective Service be reviewed by Congress. He states that there are not enough men left in the county to run the farms, businesses, and factories that drafted men had once filled and that action should be taken to fix this problem.


Alphabetical agencies created under the Roosevelt New Deal Party

Alphabetical agencies created under the Roosevelt New Deal Party
Creator: Biggers, E.M.
Date: 1932
This item, printed and issued by Biggers Printing Company of Houston, Texas, lists the many different agencies created under President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal. In addition to well-known programs such as the WPA, the list contains many lesser-known agencies, providing an interesting glimpse into the expansion of the U.S. Government under the New Deal.


Arthur Capper to Daniel C. Hall

Arthur Capper to Daniel C. Hall
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: July 01, 1943
In this letter, Senator Capper responds to the letter sent to him by civilian detainee Daniel Hall of Topeka, Kansas, who was being held in a Japanese camp in Shanghai, China. Capper explains to Hall that he is actively working with the U.S. Department of State in an attempt to secure his release.


Arthur Capper to John N. Johnson

Arthur Capper to John N. Johnson
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: September 13, 1947
In this letter to John H. Johnson, editor of the Negro Digest, Senator Arthur Capper of Kansas addresses the fact that African Americans living in Washington D.C. had "no voice in the Federal Government." According to Capper, African Americans in D.C. were "deprived of this right simply because a certain element is prejudiced against them, and does not want them to enjoy the rights that are given whites and colored in other states."


Arthur Capper to Major General Clarence Danielson

Arthur Capper to Major General Clarence Danielson
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: June 02, 1944
Arthur Capper's telegram to General Danielson relays the concerns of Kansas farmers who fear that their supply of POW labor is about to run out.


Arthur Capper to Milton Tabor

Arthur Capper to Milton Tabor
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: February 22, 1947
In this letter, Senator Capper responds to an earlier letter sent to him by Milton Tabor, the managing editor of The Topeka Daily Capital. In response to Tabor's comments regarding the rising racial tensions in Topeka, Capper argues that "we must protect these groups who are quite often discriminated against." Furthermore, Capper explains that Washington D.C. had many similar problems because "there is a strong prejudice among the whites here against the Negroes." He also mentions prohibition efforts and the American Red Cross.


Arthur Capper to Mrs. Barbara Winthrop

Arthur Capper to Mrs. Barbara Winthrop
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: February 18, 1941
In this letter from Senator Capper to Mrs. Barbara Winthrop, Evanston, Illinois, President of We the Mothers Mobilize for America, Capper explains his stance on involving the United States in the conflict underway in Europe.


Arthur Capper to W.M. Jardine

Arthur Capper to W.M. Jardine
Date: November 08, 1918
In this letter, Governor Arthur Capper asks W.M. Jardine, President of Kansas State Agricultural College, for his advice regarding the feasibility of securing land in Kansas for soldiers returning from service during World War I.


Brigadier General J.M. Eager to Senator Arthur Capper

Brigadier General J.M. Eager to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Eager, Brigadier General J.M.
Date: August 17, 1944
This letter, sent by Brigadier General J.M. Eager to Senator Capper, discusses the treatment of Italian POWs held in the United States during World War II.


C. E. Adams, VFW Post 1432 to Senator Arthur Capper

C. E. Adams, VFW Post 1432 to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 1432
Date: June 28, 1945
This is a letter from C.E. Adams, Adjutant of VFW Post #1432 in Salina, Kansas, objects to the use of German prisoners of war(POWs) by businesses and private individuals in Salina, Kansas, and the surrounding area. Primarily, the VFW members are concerned that returning veterans will not have enough jobs due to the presence of POWs in the area.


Clem Blangers to Senator Arthur Capper

Clem Blangers to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Blangers, Clem
Date: January 30, 1946
A telegram from Clem Blangers, Salina, Kansas, to Kansas Senator Arthur Capper of Topeka. Blangers, Secretary of the Salina Building Trades Council, requested something be done for the returning war veterans and the jobs that they had left behind that were now being filled by German prisoner of war workers. He asked that the prisoners be removed so that the veterans can have work available.


Colonel H.H. Pfeil to Senator Arthur Capper

Colonel H.H. Pfeil to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Pfeil, Colonel H.H.
Date: May 21, 1943
In this letter, Colonel H.H. Pfeil, U.S. Army Liaison Officer for the Senate, responds to Senator Capper's inquiries into pay for Axis prisoners of war held in the U.S. Pfeil informs Capper that the captured POWs will be paid based on their rank "in order to insure like treatment for our nationals detained by foreign powers."


Colonel John C. Pitchford to Senator Arthur Capper

Colonel John C. Pitchford to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Pitchford, John C.
Date: February 11, 1947
This letter from Colonel John C. Pitchford to Senator Arthur Capper, details the number of prisoners of war held by Allied governments, as well as the number of P.O.W.'s held in the U.S.


Cordell Hull to Senator Arthur Capper

Cordell Hull to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Hull, Cordell
Date: July 14, 1943
This letter, from U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull to Senator. Arthur Capper of Kansas, concerns the status of U.S. civilian internees held by the Japanese. Captured following the Japan attack on Wake Island, nearly 800 U.S. citizens were placed in internment camps alongside Allied prisoners of war.


Daniel Hall to Senator Arthur Capper

Daniel Hall to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Hall, Daniel
Date: June 27, 1942
This letter from Daniel Hall of Topeka, Kansas, to Senator Arthur Capper, provides insight into the lives of detainees and prisoners of war held by the Japanese military during World War II. Hall details conditions within his camp near Shanghai, China, and requests that Capper use his influence to secure the release of all U.S. citizens being held at the camp.


Donald Bolman to Senator Arthur Capper

Donald Bolman to Senator Arthur Capper
Date: July 06, 1943
This letter, from the head of the Concordia Mercantile Company in Concordia, Kansas, addresses the difficulties that the company has faced with regard to supplying the Post Exchange at Concordia with the necessary amount of goods. In particular, the Concordia Mercantile Company is having difficulty acquiring sufficient quantities of beer for the German POWs being held at the internment camp in Concordia.


Dr. Ada Rice to Senator Arthur Capper

Dr. Ada Rice to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Rice, Ada
Date: July 13, 1947
In this letter to Senator Arthur Capper, Kansas State College of Agriculture and Applied Science professor Ada Rice explains that her brother in Manilla has seen many U.S. civilians who had been in Japanese prison camps during the war. Asserting that they need assistance from the U.S. Government, Rice asks Senator Capper to vote for House Resolution 1823, a bill introduced by Congressman Carl Hinshaw of California that provided money to former U.S. civilian prisoners of war.


Draft of Senator Arthur Capper's New Deal speech

Draft of Senator Arthur Capper's New Deal speech
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: 1934
This draft of a speech by Senator Arthur Capper contains his views on President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal. In the draft, Capper insists that the Republican Party must serve as a check and a balance against the Democratic Party. However, he clearly states that "the Republicans cannot afford to block the President's program merely for partisan advantage." In Capper's view, the Republican Party must carefully observe what is going on with the various New Deal agencies, and actively work to ensure that the good of the American people is at the heart of everything that is done by the U.S. Government.


E.L. Metz to Arthur Capper

E.L. Metz to Arthur Capper
Creator: Metz, E.L.
Date: June 4, 1940
In this letter to Senator Arthur Capper, E.L. Metz of Caldwell, Kansas, argues that the United States should provide material and monetary aid to England and France but should avoid becoming directly involved in the war in Europe. In 1940, a group called the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies promoted this very position. Newspaper editor William Allen White (of the Emporia Gazette) headed this organization. The U.S. Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act to this end in March 1941. Four days after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States.


Earl M. Smith to Senator Arthur Capper

Earl M. Smith to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Smith, Earl M.
Date: April 20, 1945
This is a telegram from Earl M. Smith, Concordia, Kansas, to Kansas Senator Arthur Capper, Washington D.C. With World War II taking much of the male labor force overseas, prisoners of war were brought in to do many of the jobs left behind. Smith, the president of the Cloud County Farm Bureau, requested that more prisoner of war workers from the Concordia camp be available to help with a labor shortage that the area was having.


Edward Franzke to Senator Arthur Capper

Edward Franzke to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Franzke, Edward
Date: June 12, 1944
This letter from Edward Franzke, Director of the War Manpower Commission in Kansas, to Senator Arthur Capper, concerns the use of German POWs as farm laborers on Kansas farms. In particular, Franzke is addressing Capper's concern that there will be a shortage of POW labor for farmers in and around Salina, Kansas.


Farmers to Arthur Capper

Farmers to Arthur Capper
Date: June 2, 1944
Concerned about the possibility of a shortage of labor during the upcoming harvest season, several farmers in Concordia, Kansas, write to Senator Arthur Capper in the hope that he can ensure that German prisoners of war will be available to work during the harvest season.


Finding a place for youth

Finding a place for youth
Creator: Taussig, Charles William
Date: April 25, 1936
In this address, given on April 25, 1936 at the Forum of the City Club of Cleveland, Ohio, Charles W. Taussig, Chairman of the National Advisory Committee of the National Youth Administration (NYA), directly addresses the importance of the NYA to America's future. In particular, Taussig argues that employment opportunities for young men and women are extremely important because of the "dangerous social consequences of permitting millions of impressionable young people to feel that there is no place for them in our present social system."


Frank Durler to Arthur Capper

Frank Durler to Arthur Capper
Creator: Durler, Frank
Date: January 26, 1942
In this letter to Sen. Arthur Capper, Frank Durler, Chairman of Ford County Commissioners, reports on his visit to the National Youth Administration farm project in Ford County and cheese plant in Dodge City. According to Durler, both the farm project and the cheese plant were a success because the "project gives the youth the type of training that will fit them for homemaking and assisting with efficient farm management, should they not be employed in cheese factories." The NYA was a New Deal program designed to provide teenagers and young adults with some income and work experience.


Fred Moore to Arthur Capper

Fred Moore to Arthur Capper
Creator: Moore, Fred Atkins
Date: February 26, 1937
In this letter to Senator Arthur Capper, Fred Atkins Moore of the Emergency Peace Campaign, attempts to persuade Capper that he should throw his support behind the peace campaign because of Capper's "clearly evidenced concern about taking those steps that will prevent the United States from being drawn into another foreign war.


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