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A New Home in an Old Settlement:  Come  and see the "New Land in an Old Country"

A New Home in an Old Settlement: Come and see the "New Land in an Old Country"
Date: May 1, 1876
This paper advertises for sale land, formerly owned by the Pottawatomie Nation, from 1837 to 1868, and then purchased by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail Road Company. On the reverse side of the paper is a sectional map showing the area and identifying those lands that were still for sale by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Company. The text gives brief descriptions of the cities and towns in the area; the railroads available; fuel and lumber that are native to the area; and, descriptions and prices of the land.


Agricultural equipment, Garden City, Finney County, Kansas

Agricultural equipment, Garden City, Finney County, Kansas
Creator: Wolf, Henry L. 1850-1924
Date: Between 1890 and 1900
The photograph shows the first steam powered plow in Garden City, Finney County, Kansas. The photograph also shows a man, who looks to be steering the plow while another man is riding on it. In the background of the photo there are a few buildings.


A handbook of useful information for immigrants and settlers

A handbook of useful information for immigrants and settlers
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: 1880-1889
Published by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, this pamphlet encouraged agricultural settlement on railroad lands in Kansas by glorifying the state's natural resources including water, soil, mineral deposits and plant life. Printed by the Kansas Farmer in Topeka, Kansas.


A new home in an old settlement

A new home in an old settlement
Date: May 1, 1876
This paper advertises for sale land formerly owned by the Pottawatomie Nation from 1837 to 1868, and then owned by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail Road Company. On the reverse side of the paper is a sectional map showing the area and identifying those lands that were still for sale by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad company. The text gives brief descriptions of the cities and towns in the area; the railroads available; fuel and lumber that are native to the area; descriptions and prices of the lands.


Cyrus Kurtz Holliday to Mary Dillon Holliday

Cyrus Kurtz Holliday to Mary Dillon Holliday
Creator: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: January 28, 1861
Cyrus K. Holliday wrote from La Porte, Indiana to his wife, Mary Holliday, in Topeka, Kansas Territory. On his way to Washington, D. C. he planned to collect a debt. A friend had given him railway passes to Pittsburgh. The contrast between the quality of life in the northern states and Kansas Territory saddened Cyrus, who quoted a verse. He gave instructions to Mary concerning the livestock and farmland. In a postscript, he emphasized that she save the eyes of potatoes.


George Walter, History of Kanzas

George Walter, History of Kanzas
Creator: Walter, George
Date: 1855
This history was written by George Walter, agent for the New York Kanzas League. The purpose of the League was to assist individuals and families to emigrate to Kansas and help provides reduced prices and other assistance. The office of the New York Kanzas League was located on the 3rd floor of No. 110 Broadway, New York City. Walter provided the information he thought emigrants to Kansas would need including descriptions of the situation in the territory, its climate, soil, rivers, and native products. He also gave information about industry in Kansas Territory, particularly the milling industry. He provided information on routes and supplies needed as well as a copy of the reemption law. The text of the Bill to organize the territories of Kansas and Nebraska was included on pages 24 through 48 of the pamphlet.


Hiram Hill to Dear Brother

Hiram Hill to Dear Brother
Creator: Hill, Hiram, 1804-
Date: May 13, 1855
After arriving in Kansas City by steamboat, Hiram Hill wrote to his brother. En route, four men had died of cholera while others continued to drink and play cards nearby. Disease fatalities were common, Hill reported. He speculated that the river water, which passengers drank, was contaminated with disease from the rich prairie soil. Hill described life at the Winedot [sic] Indian Reservation (beginning at the bottom of page 2) where he met the "prinsable chiefe" and saw the governor's sister. Hill related news concerning Mr. Putnam, Mr. Tomas, Mr. Gague, Mr. Jay, Mr. Partridge, Mr. Whitman, Mr. Pomeroy, Mr. Fuller and others. He was skeptical that these men would permanently settle in Kansas Territory. Hill also described Kansas City, which he thought would improve under "yankee," rather than "slave holder," management. (Hill's final destination was Lawrence, where he acquired town lots through quit claims not included in this online project.)


Hiram Hill to Dear Wife

Hiram Hill to Dear Wife
Date: May 7, 1855
Hiram Hill of Williamsburgh, Massachusetts wrote to his wife while traveling up the Missouri River from St. Louis to Kansas City. Hill was a free soil sympathizer evidentially traveling with a company of like-minded settlers, for he wrote that some steamboat passengers viewed the company with "rather suspitious eyes." Hill told his wife not to worry although one family had cholera and, on another boat, fifteen had died the previous week. The letter, written hastily in pencil, is not signed.


History of Kansas and emigrant's guide

History of Kansas and emigrant's guide
Creator: Chapman, J. Butler
Date: 1855
The title page of the printed volume indicated that it contained "a description geographical and topographical--also climate, soil, productions and comparative value with other states and territories, including its political history, officers-candidates-emigrant colonies-election, abolition, squatter and pro-slavery contentions and inquisitions; with the prospects of the territory for freedom or slavery." Mr. Chapman was a resident of the territory and the information in the booklet was compiled by traveling through Kansas Territory in 1854. The description covers most of the territory and includes information about Native American tribes and lands.


Kansas: a description of the country, its soil, climate & resources

Kansas: a description of the country, its soil, climate & resources
Creator: Parrott, Marcus J. (Marcus Junius), 1828-1879
Date: March 1856
This pamphlet provides people emigrating to Kansas with practical and reliable information about soil, timber, stone, coal, water, roads, postal facilities, climate, surveys, inhabitants, towns and town sites, routes, and politics.


Moses C. Sessions to "Dear Sir"

Moses C. Sessions to "Dear Sir"
Creator: Sessions, Moses C.
Date: January 10, 1858
Sessions settled in Centerville, Linn County, on October 17, 1857. In this letter, he describes the country around Centerville, including the prairie, and the lack of timber and water except in creeks and ravines. He lists the kinds of trees found, describes the area's wildlife, and describes how those who raise hogs let them roam freely to feed as they are able.


National Kansas Committee, Information for emigrants to Kansas

National Kansas Committee, Information for emigrants to Kansas
Creator: National Kansas Committee
Date: February 16, 1857
This printed promotional literature from the National Kansas Committee was a typical example of settlement information that described soil, water, manufacturing, and other conditions in Kansas.


Soil conservation, Morton County, Kansas

Soil conservation, Morton County, Kansas
Creator: McLean, B. C.
Date: November 17, 1938
This farmland is located one mile south of Wilburton in Morton County, Kansas. During the dust bowl, this land suffered severe erosion. In 1935 the U.S. Soil Conservation Service (known as the Natural Resources Conservation Service today) planted sorghum as a cover crop. Sorghum produced very good ground cover by 1938. The photographer took a second picture on this day from this location, but from the opposite direction (Kansas Memory item 313528). In stark contrast, erosion has clearly devastated the untreated land just a few feet away.


Soil erosion, Morton County, Kansas

Soil erosion, Morton County, Kansas
Creator: McLean, B. C.
Date: November 17, 1938
This photograph shows farmland located one mile south of Wilburton in Morton County, Kansas. Due to soil erosion, it was abandoned during the Dust Bowl. The estimated soil loss during a raging dust storm was four feet. On the same day he photographed this scene, the photographer took a second picture from this location, but from the opposite direction (Kansas Memory item 313529). On that parcel of land, treatment by the U.S. Soil Conservation Service, today known as the Natural Resources Conservation Service, drastically slowed the erosion process.


Southern Kansas Railway Company

Southern Kansas Railway Company
Creator: Southern Kansas Railway Company
Date: 1886
Map and timetable of the Southern Kansas Railway, previously known as the Kansas City, Lawrence and Southern Kansas Railroad. The railway was "the most direct route to all points in Southern Kansas and the Indian Territory" and encouraged settlement along the Oklahoma border.


The guide board, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad

The guide board, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: April 1873
This publication by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad was printed by the Atchison Steam Printing Company of Atchison, Kansas. It contains articles that are aimed at promoting the settlement of lands in the Arkansas River valley. There are numerous "letters to the editor" praising the rich natural features of the valley and predicting its abundant future. The publication contains advertisement from business establishments from most of the cities and towns along the route, many of which no longer exist.


Zimmerman Park Expedition, Rice County, Kansas

Zimmerman Park Expedition, Rice County, Kansas
Date: 1929
These ten photographs show various scenes from the Zimmerman Park Expedition at the Indian lodge site in Rice County, Kansas. Members of the expedition included Mark E. Zimmerman, Edward E. Park, Dr. Vance N. Robb, Paul Jones, and Horace Jones.


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