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People - Notable Kansans - Adair, Florella Brown, 1816-1865

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Axe Head from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327

Axe Head from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327
Date: 1855-1912
This axe head was recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years. The Western or Wisconsin style axe head has a faint manufacturer's mark. It is 22.5 cm long with one bit end measuring 11.9 cm and the other 11.1 cm.


Buttons from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327

Buttons from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327
Date: 1855-1912
These five buttons were just a few of those recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years. The buttons include two bone 4-hole recessed buttons, half of a dark blue china 4-hole button, a metal loop or shank button that may have once had a pattern, and a small metal 2-hole button.


Canning Jar Liners from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327

Canning Jar Liners from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327
Date: 1855-1912
These three canning jar lid liners were just a few of those recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years. All three liners are made of milk glass. One liner is labeled "WHITE CROWN CAP PAT - 11 - 22 10." Another liner, two fragments refitted, is decorated with concentric rings. The final example has the advertising "GENUINE BOYD'S CAP FOR MASON JARS."


Canning Jars from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327

Canning Jars from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327
Date: 1880-1912
These three different canning jars were recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years. Shown is a Kerr "Economy" jar, a Mason jar with a patent date of November 30th, 1880, and an Atlas Glass Company jar.


Carter Ink Bottle from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327

Carter Ink Bottle from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327
Date: 1858-1912
This square machine-made clear glass bottle was recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years. This small bottle advertises "CARTER'S" ink, which began operation in 1858 in Boston, Massachusetts.


Correspondence between Samuel Lyle Adair, Florella Brown Adair, and their children

Correspondence between Samuel Lyle Adair, Florella Brown Adair, and their children
Date: 1860-1862
Correspondence between Samuel Lyle Adair, his wife Florella Brown Adair, and their children, Charles, Emma, and Addie. Florella was the half- sister of abolitionist John Brown and Samuel was a minister and established the First Congregational Church of Osawatomie. Their cabin was a station on the Underground Railroad and John Brown's headquarters.


Dishes from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327

Dishes from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327
Date: 1855-1912
These dish fragments were just a few of those that were recovered during excavations at the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. A wide variety of patterns were recovered from the site during excavation including these floral transferware sherds, decorated by transfer printing. The site was excavated in 2014 during the Kansas Archeological Training Program field school. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years.


Florella Brown Adair

Florella Brown Adair
Florella Brown Adair was the wife of Reverend Samuel Lyle Adair and the half sister of abolitionist John Brown. She settled near Osawatomie, Kansas Territory, with her husband, who was a Congregational minister. She and her husband were active free state supporters.


Florella Brown Adair

Florella Brown Adair
Creator: Snyder & Steinhoff
Date: 1862
Florella Brown Adair was the wife of Samuel Lyle Adair and the half-sister of abolitionist, John Brown. She settled near Osawatomie, Kansas Territory, with her husband, who was a Congregational minister. She and her husband were free state supporters. The identification on the photograph indicates it is an enlargement of a small photograph taken in 1862.


Franco American Hygienic Company Jar from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327

Franco American Hygienic Company Jar from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327
Date: 1889-1912
This jar was recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. One side of the jar has the advertising: "FRANCO AMERICAN HYGIENIC CO. CHICAGO." The jar likely held face cream or some other toiletry product.


Glass Bottle Stopper from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327

Glass Bottle Stopper from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327
Date: 1855-1912
This octagonal lavender glass bottle stopper has a molded floral design on the top. Bottle stoppers were essential to close sealed bottles to the air once they had been opened. This stopper was recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years.


Graduated Medicine Bottles from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327

Graduated Medicine Bottles from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327
Date: 1906-1929
These two medicine bottles were recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. Both bottles were closed with a cork and have graduated metric and American dosage scales. The larger bottle has bottle maker's marks ("LYRIC" and the Illinois Glass Company mark) that indicate it may post date the Adair's occupation and the removal of the cabin to the city park. The small bottle advertises the Marion Bottle Company of Marion, Indiana. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years.


Graniteware Pan from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327

Graniteware Pan from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327
Date: 1855-1912
This straight sided pan was recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. Graniteware is a type of enamelware, coated with enamel, which when fired created a non-porous glaze on the surface, enabling easier clean up. Enamelware cookware was popular in the 19th century. If the pan had a handle that attachment has rusted away. Osawatomie and the Adairs was much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years.


H. J. Williams to Florella Brown Adair

H. J. Williams to Florella Brown Adair
Creator: Williams, H. J. (Mrs. John)
Date: October 29, 1856
Mrs. Williams had been a member of one of Rev. Samuel L. Adair's churches in Lafayette, Ohio. She writes Mrs. Adair about her concern for the Adair family during all of the troubles in Kansas Territory. She and her husband also sent some cheese and cloth to the Adairs. The letter has references to various family members and demonstrates the support women settlers in Kansas Territory received from friends in the East.


H. J. Williams to Florella Brown Adair

H. J. Williams to Florella Brown Adair
Creator: Williams, H. J. (Mrs. John)
Date: January 27, 1857
H. J. (Mrs. John) Williams writes to express her sympathy for the conditions Mrs. Adair has to endure in Kansas Territory and eloquently describes what suffering she felt Mrs. Adair has experienced. Mrs. Williams indicates that boxes of materials have been sent to Osawatomie, Kansas Territory, and expresseds her fears they have not arrived. The letter provides news of the Williams family and others in Lafayette, Ohio.


Homer Laughlin Dishes from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327

Homer Laughlin Dishes from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327
Date: 1912-1929
These dishes were recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. The sauce dish and plate fragment, both from Laughlin's "Hudson" pattern, date slightly later than the occupation and removal of the cabin and may be from a later dumping episode. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years.


J. W. Pankhurst Dish from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327

J. W. Pankhurst Dish from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327
Date: 1850-1852
This saucer was recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. The maker's mark on saucer, a partial lion with the words "STONE/ J.W. PANK/HANLEY" indicates it was made by the J. W. Pankhurst pottery of Hanley, England, who used the advertising phrase "Stone China" between 1850 and 1852. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years.


Jars from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327

Jars from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327
Date: 1858-1912
These five jars were recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. The assortment of jars represent medicinal, toiletry, condiment and canning jars. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years.


Jeremiah R. Brown to Samuel and Florella Adair

Jeremiah R. Brown to Samuel and Florella Adair
Creator: Brown, Jeremiah Root
Date: November 1, 1856
Jeremiah R. Brown writes from Hudson, Ohio, to Samuel and Florella Adair in Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. Brown reports he has raised funds to send to Kansas Territory and mentions other efforts to aid people there. He writes about helping various Brown family members and of his concerns about the "aggression of the slave power."


Jewelry and a Religious Medal from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327

Jewelry and a Religious Medal from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327
Date: 1855-1980
These artifacts were recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. Shown are a stickpin or tie pin, a wedding ring worn thin at the back of the band with eight small stones and one larger diamond (either real or synthetic), and a Miraculous Medal dated to 1980 or later. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years.


Ketchup Bottles from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327

Ketchup Bottles from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327
Date: 1888-1912
These two bottles of Heinz ketchup were recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years. The smaller bottle has the adverting "H. J. HEINZ CO" and the larger has a single "H." Both of these marks represent the Heinz company.


Lighting from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327

Lighting from the Adair Cabin, 14MM327
Date: 1855-1912
Shown are four different lighting related artifacts recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair Cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. These artifacts were all found in Feature 655, a limestone lined pit that may have served as a root cellar. Shown are a blue facet glass prism that once decorated a lamp or ceiling fixture, a white globe with a burned spot showing from the interior, and a green and white glass lamp globe. Osawatomie and the Adairs was much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years.


Liquor Bottle from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327

Liquor Bottle from the Adair Cabin Site, 14MM327
Date: 1855-1912
This bottle was recovered during excavations in 2014 of the Adair cabin site, home of Reverend Samuel and Florella Brown Adair and their family, in Osawatomie, Kansas. The clear glass bottle has a straight brandy or wine finish on the rim. A bottle maker's mark, AR5 within a diamond, is on the bottom. Osawatomie and the Adairs were much involved with the abolitionist movement during the "Bleeding Kansas" years.


Marian Brown Hand

Marian Brown Hand
Marian Brown Hand was a sister of Florella Brown Adair and a half sister to John Brown. Her parents were Owen and Sally Root Brown. From her home in Ohio, she corresponded with Florella and her family after they moved to Kansas Territory.


Marian S. Hand to Samuel and Florella Adair

Marian S. Hand to Samuel and Florella Adair
Creator: Hand, Marian S.
Date: July 7, 1856
Marian S. (Brown) Hand, Rawsonville, Ohio, writes her sister, Florella Brown Adair, and brother-in-law, Samuel Adair, inquiring about events in Kansas Territory and about their brother, John Brown, and his sons. She says that Kansas Aid Societies and Ladies Aid Societies were forming to help families that suffered in Kansas Territory. Her husband, T. W. Hand, adds a note to the end of the letter discussing politics. He feels that Fremont would be elected President and that would insure freedom in Kansas and the North.


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