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People - Notable People - Chief Satanta, 1830-1878

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Composite of Satanta and other Native American images

Composite of Satanta and other Native American images
Creator: Soule, William Stinson, 1836-1908
Date: Between 1867 and 1875
This carte-de-visite is a composite of ten Native American images believed to have been made in the late 1860s and early 1870s by William S. Soule. At least some of the images were likely made in Indian Territory; some may have been made in Kansas. The featured photo in the center is of Satanta, the Kiowa chief. Starting at the top, immediately above Satanta, the remaining images are (moving clockwise): Arapaho camp; two Arapaho girls; Kiowa or Kiowa-Apache man named Asa Tongat; unidentified camp scene; Cheyenne woman; Cheyenne man; unidentified camp scene; Cheyenne or Arapaho woman; and, two unidentified young women. Two of the photos are an exact match of a known Soule image (Satanta and Arapaho camp). Two others have the same subjects as known Soule images, but depict them in a different pose (two Arapaho girls and the Cheyenne or Arapaho woman). Will Soule is well-known for the photographs he made of Southern Plains Indians in the late 1860s and early 1870s. He arrived at Fort Dodge in 1867, moved briefly to Camp Supply a couple of years later, then relocated to Fort Sill, where he remained until returning to Boston in late 1874 or early 1875. The carte-de-visite is one of at least fifty collected by Charles L. Wilson in the 1870s. Born in West Virginia, Wilson lived in Kansas most of his life, residing in St. George, Manhattan, Miltonvale and Topeka. Little is known about how and why he acquired the cartes-de-visite. Notations on many of them suggest they were procured in Indian Territory; some notations also indicate that Wilson was a member of Company L of the Kansas Eleventh Cavalry. Because that regiment disbanded several years before the images were made, his military service was probably unrelated to acquisition of the photos. The Wilson collection is characterized by the unique style in which each carte-de-visite is mounted. The mounts obscure whatever photographer's imprint may exist on the original cards. More than one photographer is represented in the collection; however, many of the images can either definitely be attributed to Will Soule or are deemed likely to be his work. Three of the photographs in the composite are also included in the Wilson collection as individual cartes-de-visite--Asa Tongat (Item 227905), the Cheyenne man (Item 303271), and the Cheyenne woman (Item 303272).


History of the 19th Kansas Cavalry--Indian War of 1868-69

History of the 19th Kansas Cavalry--Indian War of 1868-69
Creator: Jenness, George B.
Date: 1869
This history of the 19th Kansas, written by the commander of Company F, George B. Jenness, is mainly composed of extracts from his diary. It includes details about where each company was raised, the names of the officers, organization and implementation of orders, the rigors of army life, and troop movements. Jenness' history also includes information about Samuel J. Crawford, the governor of Kansas, who resigned his position to assume command of the regiment on November 5, 1868. The document contains a copy of a letter from General Philip H. Sheridan to Governor Crawford about the need for calling up troops. Information on Native Americans, including interactions between troops and Native Americans, is also contained within this item. Jenness mentions captive chief including Satanta.


Kiowa Chief Satanta

Kiowa Chief Satanta
Date: Between 1860 and 1870
Satanta chief and warrior of the Kiowa Indian Tribe. Considered a eloquent speaker with government officials, he earned the title "Orator of the Plains". He was one of the signers of the Medicine Lodge Treaty of 1867 agreeing to settlement on reservation lands for the Kiowa.


Satanta, Kiowa Chief

Satanta, Kiowa Chief
Creator: Lange Studio
Date: Between 1865 and 1878
This portrait of Satanta, a Kiowa chief who was present at the signing of the Medicine Lodge Treaty in 1867. Satanta agreed to move his people onto a reservation, but he would later be imprisoned at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, for leading raids on wagon trains. He died in 1878.


Satanta, Kiowa Indian Chief

Satanta, Kiowa Indian Chief
Date: Between 1860 and 1869
This is a portrait of Satanta who was a Kiowa Indian Chief.


Soloso, son of Satanta, in Indian Territory

Soloso, son of Satanta, in Indian Territory
Date: Between 1869 and 1878
This carte-de-visite of Soloso, son of the Kiowa chief Satanta, is believed to have been made in Indian Territory in the 1870s, either by William S. Soule or by William P. Bliss. Soule is well-known for the photographs he made of Southern Plains Indians in the late 1860s and early 1870s. He arrived at Fort Dodge in 1867, moved briefly to Camp Supply a couple of years later, then relocated to Fort Sill, where he remained until returning to Boston in late 1874 or early 1875. The photographer William P. Bliss moved from Wichita, Kansas to Indian Territory about the time Soule left. He was based first at the Cheyenne Agency at Darlington, then moved to Fort Sill. Some photographs thought to have been originally created by Soule also were marketed under the Bliss imprint. This carte-de-visite is one of at least fifty collected by Charles L. Wilson in the 1870s. Born in West Virginia, Wilson lived in Kansas most of his life, residing in St. George, Manhattan, Miltonvale, and Topeka. Little is known about how and why he acquired the cartes-de-visite. Notations on many of them suggest they were procured in Indian Territory; some notations also indicate that Wilson was a member of Company L of the Kansas Eleventh Cavalry. Because that regiment disbanded several years before the images were made, his military service was probably unrelated to acquisition of the photos. The Wilson collection is characterized by the unique style in which each carte-de-visite is mounted. The mounts obscure whatever photographer's imprint may exist on the original cards. The photographer who made this image cannot be identified with certainty, but it probably was either William Soule or William Bliss.


The grand council

The grand council
Creator: Daily Missouri Democrat (St. Louis)
Date: October 25, 1867
This article, a continuation of the article published in the October 23, 1867, issue of the Democrat, discusses the grand council between the U. S. government and representatives from the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Apache, Comanche, and Kiowa Indian tribes. The article also includes transcriptions of the speeches by Senator Henderson and Satanta, a Kiowa chief, in addition to brief comments by other white and Indian representatives.


The Peace Commission. Indian talks

The Peace Commission. Indian talks
Creator: Daily Missouri Democrat (St. Louis)
Date: October 23, 1867
This article, written by a special correspondent for the Daily Missouri Democrat, describes the meeting of U. S. commissioners and Indian chiefs at Medicine Lodge Creek in 1867. The article includes a transcription of the proceedings. Before the council meeting began, Commissioner Taylor distributed gifts to the tribes who were represented, and all the U. S. delegates expressed their desire for peace. Some of the Indian delegates, particularly Chief Black Kettle of the Cheyenne, doubted the intentions of the federal government. The article also states that the commissioners looked into the causes of the war, attributing some blame to the massacre at Sand Creek in 1864.


The Peace Commission. Second session of the Grand Council

The Peace Commission. Second session of the Grand Council
Creator: Daily Missouri Democrat (St. Louis)
Date: October 28, 1867
This article, part of a series of articles published in the Daily Missouri Democrat, discusses the second session of the grand council between the U. S. government and representatives from the Arapaho, Apache, Comanche, and Kiowa tribes. The article also includes transcriptions of key speeches by Senator Henderson and Satanta, a Kiowa chief, in addition to brief comments by other representatives from both sides. A treaty between the Kiowa, Comanche, and United States was signed at the end of this meeting on October 21, 1867.


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