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Eastman's map of Kansas and Nebraska territories showing the location of the Indian reserves according to the treaties of 1854

Eastman's map of Kansas and Nebraska territories showing the location of the Indian reserves according to the treaties of 1854
Date: Between 1854 and 1856
This map shows the locations of the new or reduced lands of Indian tribes according to the treaties of 1854. With the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, the former Indian Territory was opened to white settlement, and the government looked for ways to relocate the native tribes who had made their homes in Kansas. To create more land for white settlement, George Manypenny, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, negotiated treaties with Indian tribes that ceded much of the Indians' lands to the government. This land could then be sold to white emigrants. Naturally, these events helped to exacerbate existing tensions between settlers and Native Americans, contributing to the Indian Wars that occupied the U.S. Army during and after the American Civil War.


History of Kansas and emigrant's guide

History of Kansas and emigrant's guide
Creator: Chapman, J. Butler
Date: 1855
The title page of the printed volume indicated that it contained "a description geographical and topographical--also climate, soil, productions and comparative value with other states and territories, including its political history, officers-candidates-emigrant colonies-election, abolition, squatter and pro-slavery contentions and inquisitions; with the prospects of the territory for freedom or slavery." Mr. Chapman was a resident of the territory and the information in the booklet was compiled by traveling through Kansas Territory in 1854. The description covers most of the territory and includes information about Native American tribes and lands.


John C. McCoy to Franklin G. Adams

John C. McCoy to Franklin G. Adams
Creator: McCoy, John Calvin, 1811-1889
Date: February 09, 1885
In this item, from John C. McCoy to Franklin G. Adams of the Kansas State Historical Society, McCoy discusses his early experiences in Kansas. McCoy, who came to Kansas City in 1830 to perform missionary work with his father Isaac McCoy and mother Christiana McCoy, was an active figure throughout Kansas from 1830 until his death in 1889. In this letter to Adams, McCoy relates the details of people he came into contact with, including a number of Native Americans.


Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in Kansas and Nebraska

Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in Kansas and Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1861
Map showing the progress of the public surveys in the Kansas and Nebraska territories. This map accompanied the Annual Report of the Surveyor General, Mark W. Delahay, issued on September 2, 1861. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska

Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1860
Map showing the progress of the public surveys in the Kansas and Nebraska territories. This map accompanied the Annual Report of the Surveyor General, Ward B. Burnett, issued on October 1, 1860. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska

Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1857
Map showing the progress of the public surveys in the Kansas and Nebraska territories. This map accompanied the Annual Report of the Surveyor General, John Calhoun, issued in October 1857. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Map of Eastern Kansas

Map of Eastern Kansas
Creator: Jewett, J.P. & Company
Date: 1856
A map of Eastern Kansas by E.B. Whitman and A.D. Searl, General Land Agents, Lawrence, Kansas. The map illustrates a portion of Eastern Kansas which depicts trading posts, post offices, missions, government forts, Indian villages, roads, trails and Indian boundaries. The Indian boundaries that are featured included: the Kickappo, Pottawatomie, Kansa, Sax and Fox, Shawnee, Miami, Ottawa, Chippewa, Peoria, Kaskaskia, Iowa, Delaware, Wyandotte, Piankashaw, and the Wea. The map includes illustrations of the Eldridge House in Lawrence and the Constitution Hall in Topeka. The land discussed above was originally given to Native Americans following the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830.


Map of Indian lands in Kansas

Map of Indian lands in Kansas
Creator: McCoy, Isaac, 1784-1846
Date: 1830-1836
This map represents all the surveys of Indian lands completed by missionary Isaac McCoy between the years 1830 and 1836. McCoy, a missionary to the Ottawa and Pottawatomie tribes in Michigan, was convinced that Indians should be moved to new lands west of the Mississippi River. He took some Indian delegates on exploring missions in addition to his work as surveyor, missionary, and teacher. The map was redrawn by H. J. Adams.


Map of Kansas, with parts of neighboring states and territories

Map of Kansas, with parts of neighboring states and territories
Creator: Hunnius, Ado, 1842-1923
Date: 1870
This map was drawn by Ado Hunnius at the request of Major General J. M. Schofield. It was compiled under the direction of 1st Lieutenant Henry Jackson of the 7th U.S. Cavalry in March 1870. It includes the location of forts in Kansas, southern Nebraska, eastern Colorado, and northern portions of Indian Territory (Oklahoma), as well as noting natural features (rivers, hills, etc.), trails, and Indian reservations.


Names and numbers of Indian tribes which must have possessions in the Indian Territory

Names and numbers of Indian tribes which must have possessions in the Indian Territory
Creator: McCoy, Isaac, 1784-1846
Date: November 1, 1832
Isaac McCoy, a Baptist missionary and surveyor, compiled this list of Indian tribes and their estimated populations. McCoy advocated Indian removal to western lands because he believed that the white man's influence on natives was corrupting. On this chart he listed about 45 tribes from all over the eastern United States. Only some of these tribes were relocated to Indian Territory (present-day Kansas). "Do" is an abbreviation for "ditto."


Plan of the Public Surveys in Kansas & Nebraska

Plan of the Public Surveys in Kansas & Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1856
Map showing the plan of the public surveys in Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory as submitted by the Surveyor Generals Office in Wyandott, Kansas Territory on October 20, 1856. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Sectional Map of the Territory of Kansas

Sectional Map of the Territory of Kansas
Creator: Halsall, John
Date: 1857
A sectional map of Kansas Territory compiled from field notes in the Surveyor General's Office. County boundaries, cities, rivers, and Indian reservations are identified on the map. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 13, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 13, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1840-1843
This volume contains records of current accounts of the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, at St. Louis, Missouri. Joshua Pilcher (1839-1841) and David D. Mitchell (1841-1844) held this position following the death of William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition) in 1838. Expenditures are recorded for several sub-agencies, including Fort Leavenworth, Upper Missouri, Council Bluffs, Great Nemaha and Osage River, and the various Indian tribes in each region. These expenditures included salaries for blacksmiths and interpreters and agricultural implements. Volumes 12 and 13 are bound together. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 18/19, Property returns and accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 18/19, Property returns and accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1839-1840
These volumes contain records of current accounts and property returns as recorded by the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Joshua Pilcher, at the Central Superintendency in St. Louis, Missouri. Property listed includes office furniture, stationery supplies, and other provisions granted by treaty stipulations. Expenditures are recorded for several sub-agencies, including Fort Leavenworth, Upper Missouri, Council Bluffs, Great Nemaha and Osage River, and the various Indian tribes in each region. These expenditures included salaries for blacksmiths and interpreters and agricultural implements. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 1, Field notes

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 1, Field notes
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1830-1838
This volume includes field notes and surveys of Indian lands and some treaties made between the U. S. and various Indian tribes (1830-1838). Included are several maps of Indian reservations in Kansas. William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition) served as Indian Superintendent for the central superintendency until his death in 1838. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 20, Accounts

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 20, Accounts
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1822-1825
This volume contains records of current accounts from September 21,1822-September 1,1825 for Indian agents, including Lawrence Taliaferro, Banjamin O'Fallon, Richard Graham, James Latham, Nicholas Bolvin, Thomas Forsyth and Pierre Menard. The expenditures of William Clark (of the Lewis and Clark Expedition) are also included as Clark served as Superintendent of Indian Affairs for the Central Superintendency in St. Louis, Missouri. Records were kept for the salaries of the agents and interpreters, transportation costs, gifts, rations, and paid annuities. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 31, Diary

United States Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume 31, Diary
Creator: United States. Office of Indian Affairs. Central Superintendency
Date: 1826-1831
William Clark kept this diary during his tenure as the Superintendent of Indian Affairs at St. Louis, Missouri. The diary consists primarily of meteorological data, steamboat arrivals, arrivals and departures of Indians, and a few notes of deaths, accidents, and marriages. A searchable, full-text (PDF) transcription is available under "External Links" below. Partial funding for the digitization of these records was provided by the National Park Service.


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