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Exhibits in the Menninger museum, Topeka, Kansas Exhibits in the Menninger museum, Topeka, Kansas

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Dishes from the Jotham Meeker Farmstead, 14FR308

Dishes from the Jotham Meeker Farmstead, 14FR308
Date: 1845-1865
These dish fragments were recovered from the Jotham Meeker farmstead site in Franklin County. A wide variety of patterns were recovered from the site including dish sherds with shell-edged, transferware, spongeware, flow blue and hand painted patterns. The site was excavated in 1985 at a Kansas Archeology Training Program field school. Jotham Meeker served as a Baptist missionary among the Ottawa on their reservation. A wide variety of patterns were recovered from the site including dish sherds with shell-edged, transferware, spongeware, flow blue and hand painted patterns.


Harry E. Gillette to George W. Martin correspondence

Harry E. Gillette to George W. Martin correspondence
Creator: Gillette, Harry E.
Date: June 12, 1910-August 30, 1910
Items in this correspondence detail the location of various Native Indian missions in Kansas, including the Munsee Mission, the Peoria Mission, the Ottawa Mission, and the Sac and Fox Agency.


Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles

Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles
Creator: Meeker, Jotham, 1804-1855
Date: July 8, 1840
In this fascinating letter, Jotham Meeker updated Reverend Lucius Bolles (of the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions) on his missionary efforts among the Ottawa Indians in Kansas Territory. Meeker included excerpts from his journal to describe the turmoil among the Ottawa over Indian conversions to Christianity. On March 13, 1840, Meeker and his fellow missionary David Green, attended a council of the Ottawa and Chippewa that had been called to protest their missionary work. The Ottawa and Chippewa chiefs were concerned about the breakdown of their tribal society, customs, etc... and placed the blame squarely on the missionary's shoulders. The Ottawa Mission was located near present-day Ottawa, Kansas.


Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles

Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles
Creator: Meeker, Jotham, 1804-1855
Date: February 13, 1839
In this letter, Jotham Meeker, a missionary to the Ottawa Indians, provided a description of his work teaching the Ottawa how to read and write in their own language. According to Meeker, the Ottawa were eager for their children to learn English as well. Meeker's mission was located near present-day Ottawa, Kansas. Reverend Lucius Bolles, the recipient of this letter, was Meeker's contact at the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions.


Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles

Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles
Creator: Meeker, Jotham, 1804-1855
Date: November 29, 1833
In this letter Jotham Meeker, a Baptist missionary to the Shawnee in Indian Territory, discussed the Ottawa Indians who were residing on Shawnee lands. Meeker spoke to several Ottawa chiefs about spreading the Christian gospel, and he hoped that he could work among them as a missionary. Also, Meeker discussed how the Ottawa may be forced to move once other tribes take possession of land in Indian Territory. He also mentioned the Methodist mission established among the Potawatomi. Reverend Lucius Bolles, the recipient of this letter, was Meeker's contact at the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions.


Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles

Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles
Creator: Meeker, Jotham, 1804-1855
Date: March 11, 1840
This fascinating letter by Baptist missionary Jotham Meeker describes recent Ottawa converts to Christianity and the Ottawa chief Ottowukkee's passionate stand against further missionary efforts. Apparently, just as Ottowukkee was about to drive the missionaries out of the area, he was struck by a sudden illness. According to Meeker, many of the Ottawa believed his sickness was a sign of God's judgment. Also, Meeker discusses David Green, a native convert who has joined Meeker as a missionary at the Ottawa Mission (near present-day Ottawa, Kansas). The recipient of this letter, Reverend Lucius Bolles, was Meeker's contact on the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions.


Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles

Jotham Meeker to Rev. Lucius Bolles
Creator: Meeker, Jotham, 1804-1855
Date: October 30, 1834
Jotham Meeker, a missionary to the Ottawa Indians, wrote this letter to his contact on the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions, Reverend Lucius Bolles. From this letter, it appears that the Ottawa had become more interested in Christianity. Furthermore, Meeker wanted an assistant to help in printing evangelical materials; this would allow him to devote more time to religious instruction and language education.


Kansas Territory versus Sanford M. Bickerstaff for selling liquor to Indians

Kansas Territory versus Sanford M. Bickerstaff for selling liquor to Indians
Date: November 1856 - April 1857
These legal documents relate to the case of the Kansas Territory vs. Sanford M. Bickerstaff for selling liquor to members of the Ottawa tribe on October 20, 1856 in the Kansas Territory. Bickerstaff was indicted by the U. S. District Court for the Kansas Territory, Second District, in Tecumseh during the November 1856 court term. The warrants for Bickerstaff's arrest were returned unserved. Two branches of the Ottawa tribe had been given 72,000 acres centered around the present-day town of Ottawa, KS. Alcohol was prohibited on Native American land from 1832-1953.


Kansas Territory versus Sanford M. Bickerstaff for selling liquor to Indians

Kansas Territory versus Sanford M. Bickerstaff for selling liquor to Indians
Date: November 1856 - April 1857
These legal documents relate to the case of the Kansas Territory vs. Sanford M. Bickerstaff for selling liquor to members of the Ottawa tribe on October 10, 1856 in the Kansas Territory. Bickerstaff was indicted by the U. S. District Court for the Kansas Territory, Second District, in Tecumseh during the November 1856 court term. The arrest warrant for Bickerstaff on April 1, 1857 was returned unserved. Two branches of the Ottawa tribe had been given 72,000 acres centered around the present-day town of Ottawa, KS. Alcohol was prohibited on Native American land from 1832-1953.


MacLean & Lawrences Sectional Map of Kansas Territory

MacLean & Lawrences Sectional Map of Kansas Territory
Date: 1857
Sectional map of Kansas Territory drafted by C. P. Wiggin and signed by L. A. MacLean, Chief Clerk of the Surveyor General's office in Lecompton, Kansas Territory. The map was published by MacLean & Lawrence and printed by William Schuchman & Bro. in Philadelphia. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Map of Eastern Kansas

Map of Eastern Kansas
Creator: Jewett, J.P. & Company
Date: 1856
A map of Eastern Kansas by E.B. Whitman and A.D. Searl, General Land Agents, Lawrence, Kansas. The map illustrates a portion of Eastern Kansas which depicts trading posts, post offices, missions, government forts, Indian villages, roads, trails and Indian boundaries. The Indian boundaries that are featured included: the Kickappo, Pottawatomie, Kansa, Sax and Fox, Shawnee, Miami, Ottawa, Chippewa, Peoria, Kaskaskia, Iowa, Delaware, Wyandotte, Piankashaw, and the Wea. The map includes illustrations of the Eldridge House in Lawrence and the Constitution Hall in Topeka. The land discussed above was originally given to Native Americans following the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830.


Nebraska and Kanzas

Nebraska and Kanzas
Creator: J. H. Colton & Co.,
Date: 1855
The map, published in 1855, showed the eastern portions of both Kansas and Nebraska. The Nebraska portion depicts the counties that had been established at that time. The Kansas portion included cities, various Indian reservations, and rivers.


United States versus Adam Butterworth for taking timber off Indian land

United States versus Adam Butterworth for taking timber off Indian land
Date: December 1859 - February 2, 1860
These legal documents relate to the case of the United States vs. Adam Butterworth. Butterworth was accused of cutting down and stealing trees and timber from October to December of 1859 from Ottawa tribal land in the Kansas Territory. Butterworth was indicted by the U. S. District Court for the Kansas Territory, Third District during the December term of 1859. After the Indian Removal Act of 1830, two branches of the Ottawa tribe were relocated to 72,000 acres centered around the present-day town of Ottawa, KS.


United States versus George Cress for taking Indian property

United States versus George Cress for taking Indian property
Date: December 1859
This bench warrant and indictment relate to the case of the United States vs. George Cress. Cress was accused of cutting town and taking trees in November and December of 1859 from the land of the Ottawa Tribe in the Kansas Territory. Cress was indicted by the Third District Court at a special term in December 1859. After the Indian Removal Act of 1830, two branches of the Ottawa tribe were relocated to 72,000 acres centered around the present-day town of Ottawa, KS.


United States versus Jonah Carson for trespass on Indian lands

United States versus Jonah Carson for trespass on Indian lands
Date: March 19, 1860 - June 22, 1860
These legal documents relate to the case of the United States v. Jonah Carson for trespass. Carson was accused of cutting down ten trees, worth a total of twenty-five dollars, on March 1, 1860 on Ottawa tribal land in the Kansas Territory. Carson was indicted by the Second District Court during the May 1860 court term. After the Indian Removal Act of 1830, two branches of the Ottawa tribe were relocated to 72,000 acres centered around the present-day town of Ottawa, Kansas.


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