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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.



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Agriculture - Government farm programs - Price supports - Agricultural Adjustment Act

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Chapter IV: Destructive effects of undesirable tendencies, in The future of the Great Plains: Report of the Great Plains Committee

Chapter IV: Destructive effects of undesirable tendencies, in The future of the Great Plains: Report of the Great Plains Committee
Creator: Great Plains Committee
Date: December, 1936
This report was created by the Great Plains Committee, which had been called by President Roosevelt to investigate the effects of drought and wind erosion in the southwestern United States. Chapter IV of the report, titled "Destructive Effects of Undesirable Tendencies," outlines some of the major problems in this region, composed of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana. These problems included the decreasing amount of range land, soil erosion, and the depletion of ground water. A large part of the chapter deals with relief efforts and homestead rehabilitation. It also contains illustrations and tables that provide comparative data on the situation in each of these states.

Drought relief cattle in Kansas City stockyards

Drought relief cattle in Kansas City stockyards
Date: May 1, 1935
This photograph captures one of the hardships faced by families during the Dust Bowl--starving cattle. It was taken in Kansas City, Kansas, by the Kansas Emergency Relief Committee, a state agency working to relieve the financial burdens of families suffering during the droughts of the 1930s. The KERC worked alongside the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, which began a cattle-purchasing program in 1934. Emaciated cattle (as in this photograph) were destroyed after purchase, and healthy cattle were shipped to slaughter with the meat being distributed to poor families needing relief.

Relief and loan services

Relief and loan services
Creator: Kansas Emergency Relief Committee
Date: July 25, 1934
This pamphlet, which appears to have been distributed to relief clients, is a condensed summary of the government relief programs handled by the Kansas Emergency Relief Committee (KERC), the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA), the Regional Production Credit Corporation, and the Farm Credit Administration (FCA). It describes work relief, direct relief, grants for homestead rehabilitation, the cattle purchase program, and feed and forage loans meant to benefit drought relief counties in the Dust Bowl.

The drouth of '34: a farm woman's account

The drouth of '34: a farm woman's account
Creator: McKinney, Mary Francis
Date: 1935
In this magazine article, Mary McKinney relates her experiences during the drought of the 1930s. Her reminiscence includes details about how farm families conserved water and kept cool during the blazing summer months, and also how they responded to relief efforts and New Deal programs. The article can be found in Kansas Magazine (1935), 22-24.

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