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Annals of Kansas, January - February, 1855

Annals of Kansas, January - February, 1855
Creator: Wilder, Daniel Webster, 1832-1911
Date: January, 1855 through February, 1855
D. W. Wilder's "Annals of Kansas," published in 1886, provides a day-by-day chronicle of significant events in Kansas. These are digital images of Annals of Kansas entries for the territorial period of 1854-1861.


George Cutter, Kansas experience

George Cutter, Kansas experience
Date: January 1, 1857
This reminiscence is presumably from the Journal of Investigations in Kansas, which was compiled by the National Kansas Committee under the leadership of Thaddeus Hyatt. George Cutter was with Frederick Brown shortly before the Battle of Osawatomie and, like Brown, he was wounded during an altercation with border ruffians from Missouri. While Cutter was not directly involved in this battle, this reminiscence is still a rather fascinating account of it.


Hiram Jackson Strickler to Thomas Nesbit Stinson

Hiram Jackson Strickler to Thomas Nesbit Stinson
Creator: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: September 2, 1856
Hiram Jackson Strickler, adjutant general of Kansas Territory, writing from Lecompton, Kansas Territory, briefly described for Thomas N. Stinson the Battle of Osawatomie that took place on August 30, 1856. In the battle, pro-slavery forces led by John W. Reed defeated free state forces led by John Brown. Brown's son Frederick was killed in the engagement. Strickler's comments indicated that he held a pro-slavery perspective.


John Brown, Jr., to John Brown

John Brown, Jr., to John Brown
Creator: Brown, Jr., John
Date: September 8, 1856
Still in the custody of territorial officials, John Brown, Jr., wrote to express his remorse upon learning of the death of his brother Frederick--at least he was relieved to learn that his father and Jason were safe, as early reports had them dead or missing. "Poor Frederick has perished in a good cause!" wrote John, Jr., "the success of which cause I trust will yet bring joy to millions." He then wrote of his forthcoming trial and possible plan to "escape in case it should appear best."


John Brown, statement on the Battle of Osawatomie

John Brown, statement on the Battle of Osawatomie
Creator: Brown, John, 1800-1859
Date: September 7, 1856
Eight days after the Battle of Osawatomie, John Brown gave this detailed account of the fighting between abolitionist and pro-slavery forces. Brown's son Frederick was killed early in the battle. As Brown recounted, approaching enemy scouts led by a "pro-Slavery preacher named White shot my son dead in the road while he supposed them to be friends." Though vastly outnumbered, Brown's men succeeded in inflicted heavy casualties on the enemy, by his count "31 or 32 killed; and from 40 to 50 wounded." They were nevertheless unable to prevent pro-slavery forces from looting and burning the town of Osawatomie.


Muster Roll of Captain John Brown's Company, Fifth Regiment, 1st Brigade,  Kansas Volunteers

Muster Roll of Captain John Brown's Company, Fifth Regiment, 1st Brigade, Kansas Volunteers
Date: December 12, 1855
This muster roll identified men who served in the Wakarusa War from November 27 to December 12, 1855. The fifth regiment was commanded by Col. George W. Smith, and this company was recruited from the area around Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. The information provided included name, rank (if an officer), and age. Officers, in addition to Captain John Brown, were William Updegraff, Henry H. Williams, James J. Holbrook, Ephraim Reynolds, R. W. Wood, Frederick Brown, John Yelton, Henry Alderman, H. Harrison Updegraff, Daniel W. Collis, and William Partridge. William Partridge furnished one keg of powder and 8 pounds of lead that were used by the company. This was a small company, and its other members were Amos D. Alderman, Francis Brennon, William W. Caine, Benjamin L. Cochran, Jeremiah Harrison and John Brown's sons John, Jr., Owen, and Salmon. Ages of the company ranged from 19 to 55 years old.


Samuel L. Adair to William Hutchinson

Samuel L. Adair to William Hutchinson
Creator: Adair, Samuel Lyle, 1811-1898
Date: November 7, 1856
The first page of this four-page document lists five items for which Samuel L. Adair requests payment ($21.25) from the Kansas State Central Committee. These items include provisions, medicine, the "balance yet unpaid of money advanced to pay lawyers fees for prisoners at Tecumsee in June last," and the "bill paid for lumber and nails for coffin of Frederick Brown & David Garrison," two of the men killed during the battle of Osawatomie, Kansas Territory, on August 30, 1856. The accompanying letter justifies the requested payment.


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