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People - Notable Kansans - Crumbine, Samuel Jay, 1862-1954

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A study course on public health

A study course on public health
Creator: Crumbine, Samuel J. (Samuel Jay), 1862-1954
Date: Between 1916 and 1917
This nineteen lesson study course was written by Dr. S. J. Crumbine and others and published by the American Medical Association. It was prepared for the use of women's clubs.


Boys! Girls! kill the flies

Boys! Girls! kill the flies
Creator: Kansas State Board of Health
Date: September, 1914
This advertisement encourages boys and girls to kill flies for a prize. The contest was sponsored by the Board of Health of Hutchinson. The ad was in a publication from the Kansas State Board of Health.


Cup

Cup
Date: between 1800 and 1920
Hand-wrought communal iron drinking cup with attached chain. The cup was attached to a rock by the Sulphur Spring public spring near Fort Scott around 1800 and saw continuous use until communal drinking cups were banned by the Kansas State Board of Health in 1909. The cup was replaced by a sanitary drinking fountain on November 1, 1911. Dr. Samuel J. Crumbine, Director of the Board of Health, used the cup in his public health and sanitation campaigns, and it was later displayed at the Paper Cup and Container Institute in New York.


Dr. Samuel Crumbine to hotel proprietors

Dr. Samuel Crumbine to hotel proprietors
Creator: Crumbine, Samuel J. (Samuel Jay), 1862-1954
Date: March 14, 1911
This letter from Dr. S. J. Crumbine, Secretary of the State Board of Health, informs hotel proprietors that the Board has ruled that the use of the common drinking cup in hotels was prohibited as of April 1, 1911.


Fly swatter

Fly swatter
Date: between 1900 and 1950
Flyswatter with black painted wooden handle and black screen swatter. "Swat the Fly" was one of Dr. Samuel J. Crumbine's many public health campaigns, which also included "Bat the Rat", "Don't Spit on the Sidewalk," and efforts to ban communal drinking cups and hand towels.


Glass

Glass
Date: between 1890 and 1910
Public drinking glass from the Santa Fe Railway. The rounded base was designed to fit into a corresponding receptical in a communal water cooler. The Kansas State Board of Health, under the leadership of Dr. Samuel J. Crumbine, banned the use of common drinking cups in 1909.


His death or yours!

His death or yours!
Creator: Kansas State Board of Health
Date: 1914
"His Death Or Yours" cartoon addressing the diseases transmitted by flies and encouraging people to install and use screen doors. This item was copied from the Kansas State Board of Health Bulletin.


Jack and Jill

Jack and Jill
Creator: White, Katherine Field
Date: April, 1920
An illustration showing how people may contract typhoid from well water, copied from the April, 1920, issue of the "Kansas State Board of Health Bulletin."


Kansas State Board of Health letterpress book

Kansas State Board of Health letterpress book
Creator: Crumbine, Samuel J. (Samuel Jay), 1862-1954
Date: December 12, 1905 -October 16, 1906
Dr. Samuel Crumbine kept this letter press book of outgoing correspondence during the first two years of his tenure as secretary of the Kansas State Board of Health. The letters proceed in chronological order. A partial alphabetical index to correspondents is available at the back of the volume. The letters in this volume were "pressed" from the originals onto copy paper using water and a heavy weight at the time of their creation. The impression process was a crude form of preservation and was prone to error. Too much or too little water, or weight, could result in a poor copy. Many of the letters in this volume will be difficult to read, and some may not be legible, but they accurately reflect the condition of the letter pressings. Some pressings that were impossible to read in grayscale were scanned in color to help bring out the text.


Kansas State Board of Mental Health

Kansas State Board of Mental Health
Date: 1922
This photograph of the Kansas State Board of Mental Health shows Dr. Karl Menninger on the extreme left and Dr. Samuel Crumbine on the right. Dr. Crumbine was the Secretary of the Kansas State Board of Health from 1904 to 1924.


Karl A. Menninger, M.D. and William C. Menninger, M.D.

Karl A. Menninger, M.D. and William C. Menninger, M.D.
Date: 1950-1955
These two photographs show Dr. Karl and Dr. Will at work. Dr. Karl produced 15 books that influenced psychiatry over the years. Dr. Will is known as one of the key influences in the development of a psychiatric guide which later became known as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.


Paper cup

Paper cup
Creator: P. & O. Manufacturing Company
Date: between 1907 and 1910
Paper sanitary drinking cup. Folds flat. The Kansas State Board of Health, under the leadership of Dr. Samuel J. Crumbine, banned the use of common drinking cups in 1909. The P. & O. Manufacturing Company of Ohio registered a Pennsylvania charter for its Pittsburgh operations sometime between 1907 and 1909, and merged into the Public Health Supply Company in 1910.


Paving brick

Paving brick
Creator: Coffeyville Vitrified Brick and Tile Company
Date: between 1904 and 1924
Clay brick with imprint, "Don't Spit on Sidewalk." These bricks were the brainchild of Dr. Samuel Crumbine of Dodge City, Kansas, who served as Secretary of the Kansas State Board of Health from 1904 to 1924. Crumbine was concerned with the spread of disease and fought for sanitary conditions. The Capital City Vitrified Brick and Paving Company of Topeka was apparently the first company to create the "Don't Spit" bricks. The Coffeyville Vitrified Brick and Paving Company and others followed.


Paving brick

Paving brick
Creator: Coffeyville Vitrified Brick and Tile Company
Date: between 1904 and 1924
Clay brick with imprint, "Don't Spit on Sidewalk." These bricks were the brainchild of Dr. Samuel Crumbine of Dodge City, Kansas, who served as Secretary of the Kansas State Board of Health from 1904 to 1924. Crumbine was concerned with the spread of disease and fought for sanitary conditions. The Capital City Vitrified Brick and Paving Company of Topeka was apparently the first company to create the "Don't Spit" bricks. The Coffeyville Vitrified Brick and Paving Company and others followed.


Public drinking cup display

Public drinking cup display
Date: Between 1930 and 1939
A photograph showing a display about the public drinking cup and featuring "probably the oldest American drinking cup in continuous use".


Rosedale School of Medicine - Appropriation Misunderstood

Rosedale School of Medicine - Appropriation Misunderstood
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1915-1919: Capper)
Date: February-April 1915
Exchange of letters between the University of Kansas Rosedale School of Medicine and Governor Capper focuses on miscommunications between Governor Capper, Dr. Crumbine and Professor Sadler. Because Dr. Crumbine and Professor Sadler are under the impression they will be awarded $25,000 for a building, they have started planning the design of the building. However, Governor Capper does not believe he made such a promise to the two men. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Arthur Capper correspondence.


Samuel Crumbine poster

Samuel Crumbine poster
Date: Between 1900 and 1920
Public poster with Dr. Samuel J. Crumbine banning the public drinking cup, common roller towel, and encouraging the swatting of flies. Dr. Samuel J. Crumbine of Dodge City was one of the nation's leaders in the field of public health. He became secretary of the Kansas State Board of Health in 1904 and served for approximately 20 years. His public health campaigns were directed at practices and conditions that led to the spread of communicable diseases.


Samuel Crumbine to Governor Arthur Capper

Samuel Crumbine to Governor Arthur Capper
Creator: Crumbine, S.J.
Date: June 16, 1917
In this letter to Governor Capper, Samuel Crumbine, Secretary of the Kansas State Board of Health, addresses the issue of a sanitation zone around all military installations in the state of Kansas. Crumbine explains that, at the annual meeting of the State Board of Health (June 13-14, 1917), the Board passed resolutions to "sanitate" the zone around military installations per the requests of the Federal Government. One such resolution declared all "outside, unfly proofed toilets a public nuisance and a menace to public health." Such seemingly trivial measures indicate that military installations were important concerns for the public, as well as the Board of Health, well before the outbreak of the Influenza of 1918.


Samuel J. Crumbine to Governor Henry J. Allen

Samuel J. Crumbine to Governor Henry J. Allen
Creator: Crumbine, Samuel J. (Samuel Jay), 1862-1954
Date: December 8, 1919
Dr. Samuel Crumbine, Secretary of the Kansas State Board of Health, Topeka, writes to Kansas Governor Henry Allen in response to a communicable disease investigation. In this letter, Dr. Crumbine calls attention to the "unintentional omission" of the last legislature to provide funds for venereal disease control.


Samuel Jay Crumbine

Samuel Jay Crumbine
Creator: American Magazine
Date: 1911
Samuel Jay Crumbine, Secretary of the Board of Health, seated at his desk.


Samuel Jay Crumbine

Samuel Jay Crumbine
Date: 1909
A portrait of Samuel Jay Crumbine, who in 1904 became secretary of the State Board of Health. During his tenure, he became internationally famous for his campaign against unscreened windows, the house fly, common drinking cup, spitting in public, and misleading labels on food and drugs. Crumbine's slogans included "Swat the Fly" and "Don't Spit on the Sidewalk."


Samuel Jay Crumbine

Samuel Jay Crumbine
Date: August 31,1908
Dr. Samuel Crumbine in the State Board of Health office with his assistants Warren Crumbine and Bernice Vreeland.


Samuel Jay Crumbine and Henry Justin Allen

Samuel Jay Crumbine and Henry Justin Allen
Creator: Kansas State Board of Health
Date: November 1942
A photograph showing Dr. Samuel Jay Crumbine, who was a leader in public health safety to reduce the spread of disease, and former Kansas Governor Henry Justin Allen standing in front of a public drinking cup display. The photograph was taken at a dinner honoring Dr. Crumbine and organized by the Kansas Society of New York .


Several reasons why flies should be unwelcome guests. Swat the fly!

Several reasons why flies should be unwelcome guests. Swat the fly!
Date: 1912
An illustration copied from the Kansas State Board of Health Bulletin demonstrating poor health habits and encouraging people to limit contact with flies.


Spare The Little Children

Spare The Little Children
Date: August 1910
A cartoon used by Dr. Samuel Crumbine to fight against the common drinking cup. The cartoon appeared in "Cup-Campaigner."


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