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Abraham (Bullet Hole) Ellis

Abraham (Bullet Hole) Ellis
Creator: Martin Leonard V.
Date: Between 1850 and 1889
This sepia colored photograph shows Abraham (Bullet Hole) Ellis. Abraham was elected to the Kansas Territorial Legislature in 1858 and to the first Kansas state legislature of 1861. In 1862, Ellis was shot by William Quantrill, the bullet passed through a sash and fur cap, crushing both plates of the skull and lodging against the inner lining. It lay buried in the wound for seventy hours. Abraham wouldn't fully recover from the wound for five months. The ball and twenty-seven pieces of bone are now in the Army and Navy Medical Museum in Washington, D.C.


Alex E. Case collection

Alex E. Case collection
Date: 1866 - 1917
In this small collection, Alex E. Case, a state representative from Marion, Kansas, describes his experiences in Kansas in the 1860s. He recounts a conversation with an Irish immigrant named Sallie Young, who told Case about her encounter with Quantrill's raiders as they rode towards Lawrence. Case also relates his memories of the Cheyenne Indian raids on Marion in 1868 and shares stories about his neighbors A. A. Moore and William Henry Roberts. A searchable transcription is available by clicking "Text Version" below. Funds for digitization provided by Mr. Steve Peckel in memory of William Chalfant.


Benjamin Talbot Babbitt to Governor Thomas Carney

Benjamin Talbot Babbitt to Governor Thomas Carney
Creator: Benjamin Talbot Babbitt
Date: December 30, 1863
In this letter, prominent New York soap manufacturer B.T. Babbitt writes to Kansas governor Thomas Carney to offer 100 packages of his soap to the victims of Quantrill's raid on Lawrence.


Charles Wolcott Smith

Charles Wolcott Smith
Date: Between 1880s and 1900s
This photograph shows a formal portrait of Charles Wolcott Smith, (1831-1907). Smith a native of Portage County, Ohio, migrated to Lawrence, Kansas in 1854 from Lowell, Massachusetts as a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. A carpenter by trade, Smith was fortunate to escape from danger during Quantrill's Raid, on August 21, 1863, as he worked on a building west of town. When he received word of the raid, Smith immediately came to the rescue to build wooden boxes for the dead. On July 30, 1907, Smith died at the age of seventy-five at the home of his daughter Allie Homestead in Lawrence, Kansas.


Charles Wolcott Smith

Charles Wolcott Smith
Date: Between 1880s and 1900s
This photograph shows a formal portrait of Charles Wolcott Smith, (1831-1907). Smith a native of Portage County, Ohio, migrated to Lawrence, Kansas in 1854 from Lowell, Massachusetts as a member of the New England Emigrant Aid Company. A carpenter by trade, Smith was fortunate to escape from danger during Quantrill's Raid on August 21, 1863, as he was working on a building west of town. When he received word of the raid, Smith immediately came to the rescue to build wooden boxes for the deceased. On July 30, 1907, Smith died at the age of seventy-five at the home of his daughter Allie Omstead in Lawrence, Kansas.


Destruction of the city of Lawrence and massacre of its inhabitants by so-called rebel guerrillas

Destruction of the city of Lawrence and massacre of its inhabitants by so-called rebel guerrillas
Creator: Harpers Weekly
Date: September 5, 1863
This is an illustration of the August 21, 1863, raid led by William Clarke Quantrill, 1837-1865, on Lawrence, Kansas. Quantrill and a group of 300 Confederate guerrillas attacked Lawrence at dawn. They shot down every man they saw and fired into the windows as they rode by, killing nearly 200 people. Banks, stores, and saloons were all looted, along with dozens of houses. Much of what could not be carried off was burned and the town was covered with smoke. By nine o'clock in the morning, it was all over and Quantrill escaped into the Missouri hills. The illustration was copied from the September 5, 1863, issue of Harper's Weekly.


Edward E. Dix

Edward E. Dix
Date: 1912
This black and white photograph shows Edward E. Dix, copied from the book "Kansas: a Cyclopedia of State History", edited by Frank Blackmar. Edward, the son of Ralph C. Dix and Jette Graham Dix, was born March 21, 1860 in Lawrence, Kansas. During Quantrill's Raid on August 22, 1863, his father Ralph was one of the nearly 200 people killed.


Edward Payson Fitch

Edward Payson Fitch
Creator: Clark's Daguerreotype Rooms, No. 59 Court Street, Boston.
Date: Between 1853 and 1863
Cased ninth plate daguerreotype portrait of Edward Payson Fitch, a native of Massachusetts, who arrived in Kansas Territory in 1854 as a member of the third group of settlers sponsored by the New England Emigrant Aid Company. On August 21, 1863, he was killed in his house by one of William Quantrill's raiders during their infamous attack on Lawrence. The daguerreotype was made by Clark's Daguerreotype Rooms of No. 59 Court Street, Boston, Massachusetts.


Elizabeth Fisher

Elizabeth Fisher
Date: Between 1861 and 1865
This is a portrait of Elizabeth Fisher, wife of Hugh Dunn Fisher, a Methodist minister that settled in Lawrence, Kansas. She helped her husband survive Quantrill's raid.


Esther Anna Brown Murtha Hulse

Esther Anna Brown Murtha Hulse
Date: 1933
A black and white photograph of Esther Anna Brown Murtha Hulse(1844-1938), a survivor of Quantrill's Raid, taken from the book "Illustriana Kansas". Esther, the daughter of Mathew R. Brown and Nancy Jane Fuller Brown, was born November 4, 1844 in Richmond, Indiana. She later moved with her family to Lawrence, Kansas where her father Mathew Brown was killed in 1861 by Missouri bushwhackers. Within a month of Esther's marriage to Thomas Eugene Murtha on July 4, 1863, he and nearly 200 people were killed on August 22, 1863 during Quantrill's raid on Lawrence. Now a young widow, Esther worked as a dress marker at the Crane General Store in Lawrence until she moved to Chanute, Kansas. There, she met and married her second husband, Civil War veteran Richard James Hulse, on March 4, 1875. The couple remained in Chanute for a few years before moving to Cherryvale, Kansas, where Esther became an active member in the community. For three years she managed the New York Drygoods Store and was instrumental in organizing a Red Cross chapter. When her second husband died on March 15, 1901, Esther continued to serve her community as a member of the Women's Relief Corps and the Ladies of the Grand Army of the Republic.


H.M. Simpson to Hiram Hill

H.M. Simpson to Hiram Hill
Creator: Simpson, H.M
Date: September 7, 1863
H.M. Simpson, of the Banking House of Simpsons Brothers in Lawrence, Kansas, wrote this letter to Hiram Hill of Massachusetts that provides many details concerning the number of dead and the extent of the destruction caused by Quantrill and his men during their August 21, 1863, raid on Lawrence. Chillingly, the letter vividly details how several of the victims of the attack met their end at the hands of Quantrill's raiders, including one man who paid the attackers $1,000 to spare his life, only to be shot and killed immediately after he turned the money over.


Hugh Dunn Fisher

Hugh Dunn Fisher
Date: Between 1861 and 1865
A portrait of Hugh Dunn Fisher, a Methodist minister that settled in Lawrence, Kansas, during the Civil War. He served as chaplain of the Fifth Kansas Volunteer Cavalry. Fisher survived Quantrill's raid by hiding in a cellar under his home. He wrote a autobiography "the Gun and The Gospel".


Hugh Fisher correspondence

Hugh Fisher correspondence
Date: 1861-1865
The collection consists of incoming and some outgoing correspondence and personal recollections of Hugh Fisher, involving the military, Fisher family members, and others; as well as recollections of Quantrill's 1863 raid against Lawrence from both Reverend Fisher and his son Charles. Fisher served as chaplain and was commissioned captain with the 5th Regiment Kansas Volunteers.


James C. Horton correspondence

James C. Horton correspondence
Creator: Horton, James C., 1837-1907
Date: 1904-1907
This is miscellaneous correspondence between James C. Horton and George W. Martin, Secretary of the Kansas State Historical Society, regarding Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, Kansas.


John Stillman Brown to John L. Rupur

John Stillman Brown to John L. Rupur
Creator: Brown, John Stillman, 1806-1902
Date: September 1, 1863
This letter was written by John Stillman Brown from Lawrence, Kansas, addressed to John L. Rupur. Brown gives a detailed and emotional account of William Quantrill's August 21, 1863, raid on Lawrence. Brown lists individual men and groups such as African Americans and Germans who were killed in the attack. He witnessed much of the violence from a hill above the city, and describes the destruction of life and property. Brown mentions that the town had no warning before the attack and that there was a second panic the following evening when townspeople feared another raid. He also describes how the community's churches came together for a memorial service. A complete transcription is available by clicking "Text Version" below.


Leigh R. Webber to Mrs. Brown

Leigh R. Webber to Mrs. Brown
Creator: Webber, L. R.
Date: September 5, 1863
A letter written by Leigh R. Webber from Natchez, Mississippi, addressed to Mrs. Brown, wife of John Stillman Brown, a Unitarian minister who lived west of Lawrence, Kansas. Webber discusses reading accounts of the raid on Lawrence in the Cincinnati newspapers. He also describes camp life in Natchez, and shares a rumor that the troops may soon go to Kansas.


List of Quantrill's raid survivors, Lawrence, Kansas

List of Quantrill's raid survivors, Lawrence, Kansas
Date: 1891
This is a list of the people who survived Quantrill's Raid on Lawrence, Kansas. On August 21, 1863, William Quantrill and his followers attacked Lawrence, a free-state stronghold. After a four-hour siege, they had destroyed the town. Businesses and homes were looted and the town was burned. Quantrill and his men rounded up many men and boys into the middle of the town and as their wives and daughters watched, they were executed.


Mary E. B. to Sarah Brown

Mary E. B. to Sarah Brown
Creator: B., Mary E.
Date: August 31, 1863-September 5, 1863
This letter, written by Mary E. B. from West Acton, Massachusetts, was addressed to her cousin Sarah Brown, daughter of John Stillman Brown, a Unitarian minister who lived west of Lawrence, Kansas. Mary expressed her thankfulness that the Brown family was safe following the attack on Lawrence and the anxiety she and other family members felt reading national accounts of it. Mary added to her letter the following week, again mentioning the "desolation and destruction abroad in our beloved country." She also briefly mentioned political conflict with Japan.


On to Lawrence, Kansas

On to Lawrence, Kansas
Creator: Donald, Jay
Date: Around 1883
An illustration titled "On to Lawrence" showing Confederate guerilla leader William Clarke Quantrill, 1837-1865, and his men moving toward Lawrence, Kansas. Early in the morning of August 21, 1863, guerilla forces led by Quantrill attacked Lawrence, killing nearly 200 people and burning most of the town. The illustration was created by L. Braunhold and copied from the book "Life and Adventures of the James Boys" written by Jay Donald.


Quantrill's Raid on Lawrence

Quantrill's Raid on Lawrence
Creator: Enderton, Sherman Bronson
Date: between 1868 and 1880
This pencil drawing on wood pulp paper shows Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, Kansas, drawn by Sherman Enderton. Early in the morning of August 21, 1863, Confederate guerilla forces led by William Clarke Quantrill, 1837-1865, attacked Lawrence, Kansas, killing nearly 200 people and burning most of the town. Enderton was a private in Co. E, 11th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry during the Civil War.


Quantrill's raid

Quantrill's raid
Creator: Fisk, Lauretta Louise Fox
Date: between 1866 and 1919
This black and white water color on paper was created by Lauretta Louise Fox Fisk, wife of Washburn College sociology professor Dr. D.M. Fisk, shows Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, Kansas, August 21, 1863. Confederate guerilla forces led by William Clarke Quantrill, 1837-1865, attacked Lawrence, Kansas, killing nearly 200 people and burning most of the town.


Quantrill massacre

Quantrill massacre
Creator: Colman, Cosma Torrienta
Date: August 21, 1913
This is a recollection of Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, Kansas written by Cosma Torrienta (C. T.) Colman. Colman was born October 8, 1845 in Concord, Massachusetts. He came to Kansas Territory with his parents in 1854 where he lived on the family farm west of Lawrence, Kansas. At the beginning of the Civil War, Colman joined the 14th Kansas Cavalry. When Quantrill attacked Lawrence on August 21, 1863, he was camped with fellow recruits at New Hampshire and Berkeley streets in Lawrence. Early in the morning of August 21, Quantrill attacked the camp and killed many of the soldiers. Colman was among the four survivors. His recollection gives a detailed account of the raid and attack on the camp. The recollection was written for the 50th anniversary of the Lawrence massacre.


Record of Claims allowed for losses by guerillas and marauders during 1861-1865

Record of Claims allowed for losses by guerillas and marauders during 1861-1865
Creator: Kansas. Auditor of State
Date: 1875-1891
This volume contains 509 claims submitted and allowed for losses due to raids in Kansas during the Civil War. The bulk of the claims relate to Quantrill's raid on Lawrence, August 21, 1863. Other specific incidents were attacks on Humboldt, Kansas, in September and October, 1861, on Olathe, Kansas, September 6 and 7, 1862, and numerous attacks in Johnson County, Kansas, throughout the war years. There may be claims for incidents in a few other counties as there is at least one for Miami County, Kansas. Claims were presented to a special commission established by the Kansas Legislature in 1875. The commissioners were John N. Murdoch, Ottawa, Kansas; C. D. French, Lawrence, Kansas; and William H Beur, Burlington, Kansas. The commission was organized March 18, 1875, and the commissioners were sworn in by D. W. Wilder, Auditor. Murdoch was elected chairman and Beur served as clerk. The commissioners began receiving claims in Ottawa on April 20, 1875. The first claim was for losses from a raid of guerillas on July 1, 1861, in Cherokee County. It contains a general list of losses and amounts: dwelling house, household goods, cattle, and hogs. This format is used for the first 43 pages. Entries after that give the names of the claimants, where they lived, and the amount of money approved. There is a alphabetical name index at the beginning of the volume. One sheet, page numbers 7 and 8 (front and back), has been removed from the volume. Most of the claims are marked paid on by the Auditor in 1887 or 1888. The last three claims in the volume were submitted in 1891.


Reminiscence of the early days told by Ferdinand Erhardt of Lincoln, Kansas

Reminiscence of the early days told by Ferdinand Erhardt of Lincoln, Kansas
Creator: Roenigk, Adolph, 1847-1938
Date: Between 1900 and 1910
A reminiscence of Ferdinand Erhardt. Erhardt recounts his time working for the military, which involved lending his cattle to them for the movement of military supplies. He also tells of fights between the military and Indians, his nearness to Quantrill's Raid on Lawrence, Kansas, hunting for buffalo, and in contrast, some light-hearted moments he experienced.


Reunion of Quantrill's Raid survivors in Lawrence, Kansas

Reunion of Quantrill's Raid survivors in Lawrence, Kansas
Date: 1925
This photograph shows survivors of Quantrill's raid. Early in the morning of August 21, 1863, Confederate guerrilla forces led by William Clarke Quantrill, attacked Lawrence, Kansas, killing nearly 200 people and burning most of the town. This photograph was taken at Strong Hall on the University of Kansas campus in Lawrence, Kansas. There are five African Americans in the photo.


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