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John F. King to Thomas Ewing, Jr.

John F. King to Thomas Ewing, Jr.
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: July 1, 1858
Ewing's correspondent, John F. King of Lawrence, had just given testimony in the Lane-Jenkins hearing that supported Lane's testimony that he shot Gaius Jenkins in self-defense on June 3, 1858, and wrote to provide Ewing (one of Lane's attorneys) with some information regarding "the exact position of the court." In the preliminary hearing, conducted by three justices of the peace (Erastus D. Ladd and two others) beginning on June 15, the decision was that no murder had been committed.


Sherman, Ewing and McCook Attornies at Law to Mess Walker

Sherman, Ewing and McCook Attornies at Law to Mess Walker
Creator: Sherman, Ewing & McCook
Date: January 14, 1858
A letter to Mess Walker, Williams & Miller, of Weston Missouri, regarding the payment of a debt that should be paid promptly to the firm of Sherman, Ewing & McCook, Attorneys at Law.


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to A.J. Isacks

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to A.J. Isacks
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: May 20, 1860
Mention was made in the Ewing letter to Andrew J. Isacks in Washington, D.C., of the development of the Smoky Hill route to the gold fields and railroad legislation. The Atchison & St. Joseph, as well as the "Pacific railroad," was specifically noted.


Thomas Ewing, Jr.,  to A.J. Isacks

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to A.J. Isacks
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: March 22, 1860
Ewing addressed a number of issues in this letter to former territorial Kansas attorney general Andrew J. Isacks (1854-1857), who was in Washington, D.C. presumably lobbying Congress on behalf of Kansas admission, etc., but closed with some interesting comments on Leavenworth's interest in the promotion and development of the Smoky Hill route to the Pikes Peak region. Isacks was one of Ewing's principle partners in the Leavenworth, Pawnee, & Western Railroad venture and was undoubtedly busy lobbying for a railroad land grant from Congress.


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Abraham Lincoln

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Abraham Lincoln
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: May 6, 1860
On May 6, 1860, ten days before the Republican convention convened in Chicago, Illinois, Ewing wrote to Abraham Lincoln at Springfield, Ill., regarding the fact that the Kansas Republican delegation had been "instructed by the Convention by which they were selected to cast their votes (if they should have any) for Mr. Seward [considered by most a more radical candidate]. . ." Ewing wanted to explain how this happened and why D.W. Wilder, a strong Seward man, was the Leavenworth delegate rather than "Col. Delahay who was understood to be strongly in favor of your nomination."


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Charley Ewing

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Charley Ewing
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: May 1, 1860
In a letter to Charley Ewing, his younger brother, Thomas Ewing made some interesting observations about national presidential politics and parties. He was hopeful that the Republican Party in convention at Chicago would nominate a good "National man," but if they didn't he would "hope for the election of [Stephen A.] Douglas."


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Dear Hamp B. Denman

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Dear Hamp B. Denman
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: July 25, 1857
From Leavenworth, Ewing wrote in his letter press book to a law and business partner, Hamp Denman, who was working on some possible land acquisitions in the Osaukee (Ozawkie?) vicinity. Ewing provided some specific instruction regarding a number of potential deals, including the "fraction . . . Adjoining the Kaw land directly opposite Topeka. My sole object in buying would be to have a RR [railroad] depot on the land, & lay out a town."


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Dear Sir

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Dear Sir
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: March 29, 1858
In this letter from Leavenworth, Ewing began with comments on a note that was being extended and ended with observations about his city's rapid growth and bright prospects. "Majors & Russell," he predicted, "will only start a portion of their trains from Nebraska City. They will do all their business here as far as the capacity of the town & neighborhood will permit."


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to E. Peabody

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to E. Peabody
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: June 9, 1859
To E. Peabody of St. Joseph, Ewing, Jr. wrote with regard to the construction of the railroad from that city to Leavenworth. "I think that by the time you & Maj Osborn come down, we shall be able to satisfy you that whatever is then promised on the part of this City & County will be done--bonds."


Thomas Ewing Jr. to E. Peabody

Thomas Ewing Jr. to E. Peabody
Date: April 9, 1859
Although Thomas Ewing, Jr. was heavily involved in the promotion and development of the Leavenworth, Pawnee, and Western Railroad Company with his arrival in Kansas Territory, this seems to be one of the few letters in the letter press books containing fairly substantial references to those concerns up to that date. Here, Ewing wrote E. Peabody of St. Louis, Missouri, regarding a recent company board meeting in Leavenworth, Kansas, and plans to "connect with the Hannibal & St Jos: rail road, by the shortest & cheapest route to Bucklin or Easton," bypassing Platte City and Plattesburgh.


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to E. Peabody

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to E. Peabody
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: June 24, 1860
In this letter from Leavenworth to E. Peabody in St. Joseph, Mo., Ewing sought information about ongoing railroad projects to better inform his and the public's decision in an upcoming bond election. Leavenworth County residents were being asked "to subscribe and issue $100,000 of county bonds to the Leavenworth & Cameron Railroad Company," and Ewing was leaning against it. He favored an extension of the "Platte County road" and subsequent development of the "Leavenworth & Fort Riley road."


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Edward Everett

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Edward Everett
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: December 21, 1859
In the wake of John Brown's execution, Ewing wrote to congratulate the renowned Whig congressman, governor, and U.S. senator from Massachusetts, Edward Everett, for the sentiments expressed by Everett and others at "the great meeting at Fanueil Hall to give expression to the opinion of the conservative people of Boston respecting the foray of old John Brown." Nevertheless, Ewing had to point out "an erroneous statement" in Everett's speech "to the effect that the migration of free negroes into the Territory of Kansas is prohibited by law." This of course was not the case and Ewing believed to say so did disservice to the people of Kansas, "who, after achieving their own liberties . . . Have not disgraced themselves by denying the freedom of the Territory to any human being."


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to General James H. Lane

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to General James H. Lane
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: January 25, 1861
In this "Private" reply to his political rival, Ewing apparently responded to a request from Jim Lane for information about troops and munitions at Fort Leavenworth. Ewing provided some detailed information about this and about the local militia's readiness and strength. The troop strength at the fort was weak, but "Dragoons" from Fort Scott were expected soon: "If the Cavalry Companies come, all will be safe at the Fort. But we must have a force prepared to defend the City--& such preparation is our best guaranty for peace with our neighbors.


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to George W. Brown

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to George W. Brown
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: April 13, 1859
With regard to the formation of the Republican Party at the forthcoming Osawatomie convention, Ewing told George W. Brown, editor of Lawrence's Herald of Freedom, why he believed this was the right course for the "opposition" to take at this time. The Free State Party had, in his opinion, accomplished its objectives, and the Democratic Party contained a proslave faction and was affiliated with the administration. Ewing's objective was "to secure an organization of the Republican or opposition party at Osawattomie [sic], on a just and rational platform, and led by honest & conservative men."


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Govenorr Charles Robinson

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Govenorr Charles Robinson
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: March 30, 1860
In response to a letter of March 27 from Charles Robinson, Lawrence, Ewing wrote regarding the governor's forthcoming trip to Washington. Ewing mentioned several issues but was mainly concerned about the lobbying effort for the railroad bill and the future state's federal land grant.


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Governor Charles Robinson

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Governor Charles Robinson
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: January 24, 1861
This brief letter to Charles Robinson in Lawrence was to inform the "governor" of Ewing's activities on his behalf and to send him a copy of one of the half dozen or so letters Ewing had written in support of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs appointment. Letters reportedly went to Caleb B. Smith; John Sherman; Governors T. Corwin, William Dennison, and Salmon Chase; Joseph J. Coombs; and "Father," Thomas Ewing, Sr.


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Hamp B. Denman

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Hamp B. Denman
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: February 23, 1860
Ewing's friend and business associate, Hamp B. Denman, went to Washington, D.C., to seek appointment as register of the U.S. Land Office in Lecompton. President Buchanan "--that damned old scoundrel!"--rejected Denman.


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Hugh Ewing

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Hugh Ewing
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: January 17, 1861
To his brother Hugh Ewing, who was apparently visiting family in Lancaster, Ohio, Thomas Ewing wrote concerning his upcoming trip to New York and Washington. His major focus was the prospect of Charles Robinson being appointed Commissioner of Indian affairs in the new administration, and his (Ewing's) likely selection to the U.S. Senate if Robinson captured that position.


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Hugh Ewing

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to Hugh Ewing
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: July 27, 1859
In this letter to Hugh Ewing in Washington, D.C., Ewing, Jr. sought his brother's consent to donate "a lot" to Leavenworth's German Catholic to help with the construction of a "new building" (the pastor wanted to hold a raffle for the property to raise money). Perhaps more importantly, Ewing, Jr. wrote of political developments in which their business associate Hamp Denman was a likely Democratic nominee for governor, and he (T.E., Jr.) felt "strongly inclined to take the place on our [the Republican] ticket of Chief Justice of Supreme Court (a nomination he received in October; Ewing subsequently won election to that office in the December general election). Ewing also observed that the Republican Party was weaker in Leavenworth County than he anticipated and predicted that "the new Constitution [Wyandotte] will be unpopular in this County & and lose us many votes--not so much for its failure to exclude negroes as for its unjust & dishonest apportionment . . ."


Thomas Ewing, Jr. to  J.B. Abbott and others

Thomas Ewing, Jr. to J.B. Abbott and others
Date: October 24, 1859
In response to an October 17th letter from the Seward Club of Lawrence, Ewing said that he was not prepared to say whether or not he intended to support James H. Lane for the U.S. Senate. This was a decision best left to the first legislature, which he hoped would contain "our best men," chosen "without regard to their preferences for United States Senators."


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to John Hanna

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to John Hanna
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: January 26, 1860
In this letter to a friend in Greencastle, Indiana, Ewing made numerous observations about the state of Kansas politics, of which he wrote: "Politics in Kansas you know are a business to those caught in the whirlpool." Ewing thought the state government was "pretty well officered" but was concerned about prospects for the senatorial contest. "Lane is nearly dead with the politicians. . . But he is a power with the people. . . . I look on Lane as a decidedly bad man," even though he recognized Lane's positive "service to the cause before the [Lawrence free-state] Convention in Decr 1857."


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to John J. Brasee

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to John J. Brasee
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: May 19, 1860
Ewing wrote this letter to John J. Brasee of Lancaster, Ohio (Ewing's hometown), in response to an apparent inquiry into the grounds for and the chances of someone acquiring an easy divorce in K.T.


Thomas Ewing, Jr.,  to John J. Crittenden

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to John J. Crittenden
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: June 5, 1860
In this letter to Kentucky Senator John J. Crittenden, Ewing urged support for the pending Kansas bill, which would have brought Kansas into the Union under the Wyandotte Constitution, by explaining one potentially controversial provision and assuring the senator that the population of the territory was between 80,000 and 100,000. The constitution provision in question conferred "suffrage on aliens who have declared their intention to become citizens of the United States." Ewing did not argue "the wisdom of this provision" but explained that it was a necessary "inducement to Emigrants" being made by all the western states and territories.


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to John Sherman

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to John Sherman
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: December 16, 1859
Ewing wrote Republican Congressman John Sherman in Washington, D.C., to implore him not to support the appointment of William Montgomery (D., Pa.) to the Committee on Public Lands. The Pennsylvania congressman was heavily invested in Atchison and could be expected to continue to support an inequitable Public Land bill.


Thomas Ewing, Jr., to John Sherman

Thomas Ewing, Jr., to John Sherman
Creator: Ewing, Thomas, 1829-1896
Date: January 22, 1861
To Congressman, soon to be U.S. senator, John Sherman of Ohio, Ewing wrote to encourage Sherman to support Charles Robinson's appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs. "It is a matter of very great importance to the people of Kansas that a Comr should be apptd who would exert himself to have the numerous reserves in our borders reduced, and such of the Tribes removed southward as wish to get out of our way . . . ." Ewing also mentioned the pending bill for "the admission of Kansas."


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