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People - Notable Kansans - Crawford, S. J. (Samuel Johnson), 1835-1913

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Capitol building bond purchased by Samuel Johnson Crawford

Capitol building bond purchased by Samuel Johnson Crawford
Date: July 01, 1867
This is a $1,000 capitol building bond offered by the State of Kansas to aid in the completion of the east wing of the state capitol building in Topeka, Kansas. The $1,000 bond was purchased and signed by Governor Samuel Johnson Crawford.


Colored people of Topeka to Governor Samuel J. Crawford

Colored people of Topeka to Governor Samuel J. Crawford
Creator: Colored People of Topeka (Kan.)
Date: February 25, 1867
Black residents of Topeka submitted a resolution to Governor Samuel J. Crawford concerning impartial suffrage. The resolution expresses the residents' gratitude to the legislature and the governor for their support of an amendment to the state constitution on impartial suffrage. Propositions put before the voters proposing to strike the words "white" and "male" from the state constitution were ultimately defeated. The proposed amendments followed Governor Crawford's submission of the proposed Article XIV of the United States Constitution to the Kansas Legislature for ratification. The Fourteenth Amendment defined U.S. citizenship and compelled Confederate states to adopt impartial (male) suffrage.


First Battalion volunteer militia correspondence

First Battalion volunteer militia correspondence
Date: 1868
This correspondence was sent to Kansas Governor Samuel J. Crawford and Kansas Adjutant General Josiah B. McAfee from members of the First Battalion of the Kansas Volunteer Militia. This group was also known as the "Frontier Battalion" charged with defending western parts of Kansas from Indians. Correspondents include Assistant Adjutant General George B. Jenness, Lt. Milo R. Harris, Capt. S. J. Jennings of Company A and his 2nd Lt. Norman A. Lovejoy (including a petition for Jennings' dismissal for drunkenness), Capt. H. D. Baker of Company B, Capt. B. C. Sanders of Company C, Capt. A. J. Armstrong of Company D, Capt. John A. Potts of Company E, and John S. Park, commanding officer of the Sharp's Creek Detachment. A sizable portion of the correspondence was written in Salina, Kansas. There are several items written in Lawrence, Kansas, with a few letters from a number of other communities


"From the Plains," New York Times

"From the Plains," New York Times
Creator: New York Times Company
Date: October 19, 1867
This brief article concerns the impending treaty negotiations between various Indian tribes and the U. S. government, which would eventually be signed at Medicine Lodge Creek, Barber County. The article mentions that, in case no peace treaties are signed, the military will protect settlers by stationing more soldiers on the plains and by hastening the completion of more railroads. These railroads would ensure that game animals, essential to the livelihood of the Indian tribes, would be wiped out.


General Order No. 2, 19th Kansas Cavalry

General Order No. 2, 19th Kansas Cavalry
Date: October 29, 1868
This order establishes the 19th Kansas Cavalry at Camp Crawford, which was located outside Topeka, Kansas. This camp had been named after Samuel Crawford, the former governor of Kansas who took command of this cavalry regiment in 1868. It also laid out the regulations that must be obeyed by officers and enlisted men and established the daily routine (including the calls of reveille, meals, and taps) that must be observed by these soldiers. The 19th Kansas Cavalry was organized to fight against various Indian tribes in the Great Plains.


General Order No. 2, 19th Kansas Cavalry

General Order No. 2, 19th Kansas Cavalry
Creator: Crawford, S. J. (Samuel Johnson), 1835-1913
Date: January 2, 1869
This order established the daily routine that must be observed by the cavalry forces located near Fort Cobb. This includes reveille (5:45am), calls for meals, and finally taps (8:25pm).


General order no. 3. R. H. 2

General order no. 3. R. H. 2
Creator: United States. Army. Kansas Cavalry Regiment, 19th (1868-1869)
Date: January 3, 1869
Colonel Samuel Crawford of Fort Cobb, Indian Territory, issued this general order to discourage the seizure of Indian ponies by members of the 19th Cavalry.


General order no. 4. R. H. 2

General order no. 4. R. H. 2
Creator: United States. Army. Kansas Cavalry Regiment, 19th (1868-1869)
Date: January 11, 1869
Colonel Samuel Crawford, Camp No. 19 (possibly in Indian Territory) issues general order no. 4 concerning the care of the horses of the 19th Kansas Cavalry.


General order no. 5. R. H. 2

General order no. 5. R. H. 2
Creator: United States. Army. Kansas Cavalry Regiment, 19th (1868-1869)
Date: January 12, 1869
Colonel Samuel Crawford of Camp No. 19 (possibly Indian Territory) issues general order no. 5 commending several members of the 19th Kansas Cavalry for their neat and orderly appearance and excusing them from ground detail.


General order no. 6

General order no. 6
Creator: United States. Army. Kansas Cavalry Regiment, 19th (1868-1869)
Date: January 18, 1869
Colonel Samuel Crawford of Camp 20 (possibly Indian Territory), 19th Kansas Cavalry, issues general order no. 6 concerning the proper instruction of soldiers.


General order no. 7. R. H. 2

General order no. 7. R. H. 2
Creator: United States. Army. Kansas Cavalry Regiment, 19th (1868-1869)
Date: January 22, 1969
Colonel Samuel Crawford of the 19th Kansas Cavalry, at Camp 20 on Medicine Bluff Creek, Indian Territory, issues general order no. 7 announcing a general dismounted inspection of the regiment.


General order no. 8

General order no. 8
Creator: United States. Army. Kansas Cavalry Regiment, 19th (1868-1869)
Date: January 26, 1869
Colonel Samuel Crawford of the 19th Kansas Cavalry, at Medicine Bluff Creek, Indian Territory, issues general order no. 8 concerning the creation of morning reports for the regiment.


General order no. 9

General order no. 9
Creator: United States. Army. Kansas Cavalry Regiment, 19th (1868-1869)
Date: February 3, 1969
Colonel Samuel Crawford of the 19th Kansas Cavalry, at Medicine Bluff Creek, Indian Territory, issues general order no. 9 announcing a general inspection for the regiment.


Governor Crawford Indian correspondence

Governor Crawford Indian correspondence
Date: 1867-1868
In response to Indian attacks on frontier settlers, Governor Samuel J. Crawford was authorized by Congress to recruit a battalion of men to handle the crisis. This series of correspondence in Governor Crawford's papers contains many documents from men requesting commissions in the new battalion and permission to recruit soldiers. There are also letters from settlers documenting atrocities, asking for protection from hostile Indians, requesting compensation for stolen goods and livestock, and needing aid merely to survive after losing their supplies to Indian raids. A searchable transcription is available by clicking "Text Version" below. Funds for digitization provided by Mr. Steve Peckel in memory of William Chalfant.


Governor Samuel Crawford and James Monroe Williams

Governor Samuel Crawford and James Monroe Williams
Creator: Brady, Mathew B., 1823 (ca.)-1896
Date: 1869
A carte-de-visite showing Governor Samuel Crawford and James Monroe Williams.


H.L.Jones to Governor Samuel J. Crawford

H.L.Jones to Governor Samuel J. Crawford
Creator: Jones, H.L.
Date: February 02, 1867
In this letter to Kansas Governor Samuel J. Crawford, H.L. Jones briefly discusses the activities of Indians around Salina, Kansas, including the fact that "larger bodies of hostile Indians near the frontier settlements" had recently been reported by friendly Kaw Indians. Jones recommends that Governor Crawford "enable an efficient force of mounted men from the militia to be called to the field if needed either to cooperate with the US forces or to act on the defensive on the frontier."


Hiram Bickerdyke to James R. Bickerdyke

Hiram Bickerdyke to James R. Bickerdyke
Creator: Bickerdyke, Hiram
Date: February 11, 1902
In this letter to James R. Bickerdyke, Hiram Bickerdyke comments on the article "The Straight of It," which was written by Julia A. Chase. Hiram also explains that he was a member of the group led by Saline County Sheriff S.R. Wagstaff and Governor Samuel J. Crawford that was created following the 1868 raid on Salina, Kansas.


History of the 19th Kansas Cavalry--Indian War of 1868-69

History of the 19th Kansas Cavalry--Indian War of 1868-69
Creator: Jenness, George B.
Date: 1869
This history of the 19th Kansas, written by the commander of Company F, George B. Jenness, is mainly composed of extracts from his diary. It includes details about where each company was raised, the names of the officers, organization and implementation of orders, the rigors of army life, and troop movements. Jenness' history also includes information about Samuel J. Crawford, the governor of Kansas, who resigned his position to assume command of the regiment on November 5, 1868. The document contains a copy of a letter from General Philip H. Sheridan to Governor Crawford about the need for calling up troops. Information on Native Americans, including interactions between troops and Native Americans, is also contained within this item. Jenness mentions captive chief including Satanta.


Medical history of the 19th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry Volunteers

Medical history of the 19th Regiment, Kansas Cavalry Volunteers
Creator: Bailey, Mahlon
Date: 1869
Mahlon Bailey, the regimental surgeon, recorded this medical history of the 19th Kansas Cavalry. This history includes information on the hasty physicals given to new recruits, wounds received in battle, and other medical problems encountered on the trail, as well as general information about the day-to-day activities of the soldiers. Located at the end of the report is a chart detailing the medical problems of the regiment, including the number of cases of dysentery, gonorrhea, pneumonia, ulcers, burns, and sprains (among many others). At the end of these charts, Bailey expresses his appreciation to the commanders of the regiment, thanking them for following his medical advice and showing concern for the health of their soldiers.


Philip H. Sheridan to Samuel J. Crawford

Philip H. Sheridan to Samuel J. Crawford
Creator: Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888
Date: September 26, 1868
This confidential letter was written by General Philip Henry Sheridan, a Civil War veteran who led a series of campaigns against Native Americans on the western frontier. In this letter he informs Kansas governor Samuel Crawford of the locations and positions of military units on the frontier. Sheridan also expresses his desire to destroy the Indians' villages and horses and bring these tribes into submission. Sheridan was well-known for his ruthless pursuit of Native Americans and lack of concern for the welfare of non-combatants.


Philip Henry Sheridan to Governor Samuel Johnson Crawford

Philip Henry Sheridan to Governor Samuel Johnson Crawford
Creator: Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888
Date: October 8, 1868
General Philip Henry Sheridan, a veteran of the Civil War, wrote this telegram to the Governor of Kansas to inform him of the current state of affairs in western Kansas. General William B. Hazen had informed Sheridan that their efforts to secure peace with the Kiowa and Comanche tribes was unsuccessful, and that Crawford should muster a cavalry regiment to assist in the military's efforts to place these tribes on reservations. This regiment was the 19th Kansas Cavalry, consisting of five companies.


Proclamation Activating the 19th Kansas Volunteer Regiment

Proclamation Activating the 19th Kansas Volunteer Regiment
Creator: Crawford, S. J. (Samuel Johnson), 1835-1913
Date: September 14, 1868
This proclamation, signed by Governor Samuel J. Crawford in 1868, activated the 19th Kansas Volunteer Regiment. This regiment was created specifically to fight in any impending conflicts between native tribes and the U.S. government. According to this proclamation, the 19th Kansas would be composed of five companies of cavalry (80 to 100 each) serving for a period of three months.


Samuel J. Crawford

Samuel J. Crawford
Date: 1860s
Portrait of Samuel Johnson Crawford, 1835-1913, who served in the Union army during the Civil War and was the third Governor of Kansas from 1865 to 1868.


Samuel Johnson Crawford

Samuel Johnson Crawford
Creator: Leonard, J. H.
Date: Between 1890 and 1910
Portrait of Samuel Johnson Crawford, third Governor of Kansas from 1865to 1868. He is the youngest man to have served as Governor, being only 29 years old when elected. He resigned from office November 4, 1868 to take command of the 19th Kansas Regiment. He died in Topeka on October 21, 1913.


Second Kansas Cavalry veterans

Second Kansas Cavalry veterans
Date: 1912
This photograph is of veterans of the Second Kansas Cavalry, taken in 1912. Seated left to right: Edwin C. Manning, Samuel J. Crawford, Horace L. Moore (Morse?). Standing are David E. Ballard and John K. Rankin.


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