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Winter 1977, Volume 43, Number 4

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Address of C.E. Adams before the second flag raising of the Pawnee Republic Historical Society

Address of C.E. Adams before the second flag raising of the Pawnee Republic Historical Society
Creator: Adams, C.E.
Date: September 29, 1897
This item is a draft of C.E. Adams's speech to mark the occasion of the second flag raising of the Pawnee Republic Historical Society in September 1897.


Address to be delivered at Versailles, October 6, 1937, at the dedication of the monument erected to General Pershing by the Republic of France

Address to be delivered at Versailles, October 6, 1937, at the dedication of the monument erected to General Pershing by the Republic of France
Creator: Colmery, Harry W., 1890-1979
Date: October 6, 1937
This speech was written and delivered by Harry W. Colmery at Versailles, France, October 6, 1937, at the dedication of the monument erected to General Pershing by the Republic of France. Harry Colmery was serving as the National Commander of the American Legion and represented that organization on this trip. He was a resident of Topeka, Kansas.


Basic campaign speech

Basic campaign speech
Creator: Carlin, John, 1940-
Date: 1982
This is Governor John Carlin's basic campaign speech for his 1982 gubernatorial reelection campaign. He outlines his accomplishments during his first term as governor: a balanced budget, no growth in the number of state employees, and limited increases in state spending. He also identified several goals for a second administration including property tax relief, enactment of a severance tax on gas and oil producers, improvements in education, and transportation enhancements. Governor Carlin defeated Sam Hardage in the 1982 election and served a second term as governor.


Charles Robinson's speech welcoming William Seward

Charles Robinson's speech welcoming William Seward
Creator: Robinson, Charles, 1818-1894
Date: September 26, 1860
This is a handwritten copy of Charles Robinson's September 26, 1860, speech welcoming William H. Seward to Lawrence, Kansas Territory. It contains some additional comments by Robinson to the friends to whom he is sending this copy.


Copy of David R. Atchison speech to proslavery forces

Copy of David R. Atchison speech to proslavery forces
Creator: Atchison, David Rice, 1807-1886
Date: May 21, 1856
This hand written copy of a speech by David Atchison, according to a note on the top of page one, made by R. J. Hinton, "was made for me [Hinton] by or under the direction of Lt. Gov. (Dr.) Root. Joseph Pomeroy Root, who was subsequently elected the state's first lieutenant governor under the Wyandotte Constitution, was a prisoner, heard & reported the speech" made by David Atchison to the assembled proslave "Soldiers" camped two miles west of Lawrence, Kansas Territory, before they marched on and sacked Lawrence on May 21, 1856. The transcript is labeled "Hon. David R. Atchison's speech . . ." and begins, "This is the most glorious day of my life! This day I am a border-ruffian!"


Draft of Senator Arthur Capper's New Deal speech

Draft of Senator Arthur Capper's New Deal speech
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: 1934
This draft of a speech by Senator Arthur Capper contains his views on President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal. In the draft, Capper insists that the Republican Party must serve as a check and a balance against the Democratic Party. However, he clearly states that "the Republicans cannot afford to block the President's program merely for partisan advantage." In Capper's view, the Republican Party must carefully observe what is going on with the various New Deal agencies, and actively work to ensure that the good of the American people is at the heart of everything that is done by the U.S. Government.


Eli Thayer to John Brown

Eli Thayer to John Brown
Creator: Thayer, Eli, 1819-1899
Date: March 19, 1857
In this brief follow up to his March 18 letter, Eli Thayer wrote Brown to say that "next Monday" would be a good time for Brown's speech on "the free State Cause of Kansas which is the Cause of mankind" in Worcester.


Fellow Citizens--In Support of the Wyandotte Constitution

Fellow Citizens--In Support of the Wyandotte Constitution
Creator: Martin, John Alexander, 1839-1889
Date: July, 1859
This eleven-page document is a speech or essay, most likely in John Alexander Martin's handwriting, delivered in support of the proposed Wyandotte Constitution that was ratified by the voters of the territory on October 4, 1859. Martin, a twenty-year-old Atchison editor, served as secretary for the convention, which finished its work at the end of July. This speech, attacking the Democrats for conspiring to defeat the latest free-state constitution and for "the Lecomptonizing of Kansas," was undoubtedly delivered several times during the months of August and September, 1859. It addressed the various issues opponents were likely to use to defeat the constitution at the polls and stressed that, in light of actions of "a servile judiciary," slavery could not be removed from Kansas until it was admitted as a "sovereign state."


First Thanksgiving Sermon

First Thanksgiving Sermon
Creator: McVicar, Peter, 1829-1903
Date: November 29, 1860
This sermon by Rev. Peter McVicar's sermons is entitled "First Thanksgiving Sermon." It was delivered in Topeka on November 29, 1860, just weeks after he assumed the pastorate of the Congregational Church. McVicar focused on the concept that God's blessings were not to be measured by the accumulation of money or property, making specific comments about Kansas. He suggested, for example, that citizens of Kansas Territory who gathered together on that day should be especially thankful for the hardships endured by "early" settlers in order to establish freedom from slavery.


Friends in the radio audience

Friends in the radio audience
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: June 19, 1939
In this script for his radio broadcast, Senator Arthur Capper argues that the U.S. must avoid becoming involved in the conflict developing in Europe and the Far East. Capper also maintains that the Roosevelt Administration's growing desire to support U.S. allies involved in the conflict, as well as the Navy's request for expanded overseas basing, are signs that the nation is headed toward involvement in a conflict that it should avoid.


Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, invitations and speeches

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, invitations and speeches
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929-1931
This file includes subject correspondence relating to invitations and speeches given by and for Governor Reed. This file is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.


Governor Robert Bennett draft of address to the 1978 Kansas Legislature

Governor Robert Bennett draft of address to the 1978 Kansas Legislature
Creator: Bennett, Robert F. (Robert Frederick), 1927-
Date: December 15, 1977
Governor Robert F. Bennett of Topeka, Kansas works on a first draft of his annual address to the Kansas Legislature. This excerpt of his draft concerns state population trends. Governor Bennett claims that in 1975-1976 more people moved to Kansas than left it, reversing a consistent trend of out-migration since 1900. The Governor's first draft includes seven paragraphs on the subject of population while the finished address includes only four sentences.


It's time to ditch the New Deal

It's time to ditch the New Deal
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: October 29, 1938
This copy of a speech given by Senator Arthur Capper of Kansas at Hutchinson, Kansas, details the reasons why he believes the U.S. must move away from President Roosevelt's New Deal. Primarily, Capper argues that the U.S. must be careful in order to preserve democracy and "local self government in local affairs." If not, Capper contends that the U.S. could become like some nations in Europe where the individual is "merely an atom, a vassal of the state." For Capper, therefore, the major question of the day was whether the people would maintain the primary role in running the nation, or if the government was going to be allowed to "run the people."


James Stanley Emery speeches

James Stanley Emery speeches
Creator: Emery, James S., 1826-1899
Date: 1876-1897
Several addresses written and given by James Stanley Emery. He spoke to a number of audiences at Kansas universities and clubs on religion, history, and other similar topics. James Stanley Emery was born in Franklin County, Maine in 1826. Educated at Waterville College, he was admitted to the bar in New York in 1854. Involved with the New England Emigrant Aid Company, Emery came to Kansas with the second party of immigrants to ensure that it became an anti-slavery state when it entered the Union. He worked in numerous states for the cause through the following years. Emery was a member of the Leavenworth constitutional convention and served on the Kansas Legislature in 1862 and 1863. He was a lawyer and also worked as a journalist for the New York Daily Times. President Abraham Lincoln appointed Emery U.S. District Attorney for Kansas in 1864. In 1891 he was president of the Kansas State Historical Society. Emery died in Lawrence in 1899.


John Brown Speech

John Brown Speech
Creator: Brown, John, 1800-1859
Date: Around March, 1857
During the spring of 1857, John Brown traveled to several Northeastern cities (specifically, in Brown's home state of Connecticut) to solicit financial support for the Kansas crusade. In the speech delivered from these handwritten notes, Brown outlined some of the many sacrifices he and others had made to give his audience a sense of what was needed and discussed the unfolding situation in Kansas Territory.


Kansas Day Club

Kansas Day Club
Creator: Ackerman, Gertrude
Date: 1892-1923
This series is part of a bigger collection from Gertrude Ackerman. These documents represent speeches, correspondence and programs of the Kansas Day Club.


Kansas Day Club Banquet women speakers

Kansas Day Club Banquet women speakers
Creator: Ackerman, Gertrude
Date: 1914-1942
This series is part of a bigger collection from Gertrude Ackerman. These documents represent female speakers from the Kansas Day Club Banquets.


Military Order of the Loyal Legion financial and membership reports

Military Order of the Loyal Legion financial and membership reports
Date: 1886-1915
These documents are annual financial reports and monthly membership reports from the Kansas Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion. Also included are receipts, membership materials, and speeches. The Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS) was organized in 1865 following the death of Abraham Lincoln and the conclusion of the Civil War. It was a fraternal organization primarily composed of veterans and hereditary members to memorialize the events of the Civil War.


President Harry S. Truman's radio address to the nation on the railroad strike

President Harry S. Truman's radio address to the nation on the railroad strike
Creator: Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: 1946
This is a copy of President Truman's May 24, 1946, radio address on the current railroad strike. Truman states that "The railroads must resume operation. In view of the extraordinary emergency which exists, as President of the United States I call upon the men who are now out on strike to return to their jobs and to operate our railroads." Accompanying the speech is a letter from F.G. Gurley, President of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company. Gurley's letter addresses the need for negotiations but also reminds employees that strikes damage the nations needs and jeopardize the public welfare.


Remarks given by the Honorable John Carlin, Governor of Kansas at the Economic Outlook Conference, Lawrence, Kansas

Remarks given by the Honorable John Carlin, Governor of Kansas at the Economic Outlook Conference, Lawrence, Kansas
Creator: Carlin, John, 1940-
Date: November 02, 1979
Governor John Carlin provides an assessment of the Kansas economy in a speech to the Economic Outlook Conference. He expresses optimism about economic growth in the state but concern about inflation, a decline in the availability of credit, and a labor shortage. Carlin outlines his administration's plans to address Kansas' economic challenges. He emphasizes the need to expand international trade and highlights his August 1979 trade mission to China.


Reminiscences of early Lawrence, Kansas settlement

Reminiscences of early Lawrence, Kansas settlement
Date: 1860-1910
Reminiscences of settlement and pioneer life in Lawrence, Kansas. Also included is a history of the first house reportedly built in Lawrence, a log cabin built by Clark Stearns in the summer of 1854.


Reminiscences of foreign immigration work by C. B. Schmidt and others

Reminiscences of foreign immigration work by C. B. Schmidt and others
Creator: Schmidt, C. B.
Date: 1876-1939
Documents about the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway's work to bring Mennonites and other immigrant groups to settle on railroad land in Kansas. Seven documents are included: (1) Reminiscences of foreign immigration work, address by C. B. Schmidt at the Fourth Annual Convention of the Colorado State Realty Association held at Colorado Springs, Colorado, June 20 to 23, 1905; (2) Mennonites were lured to Kansas by shrewd immigration agents, article by Cecil Howes from the "Kansas City Times" Nov. 24, 1939; (3) A. L. Johnson's letter to Thos. Nickerson dated August 10, 1876, advising that the Mennonites who arrived in Kansas with Bishop Goddert are looking for land; (4) What has been done for the State to induce immigration - the results of the work of the A.T.&S.F. Railroad Co., and how a continued effort is made useless by an obnoxious prohibition law and its chief promoter, the State's own governor, from the "Topeka Commonwealth" by C. B. Schmidt, Gen'l European Agt., A.T.&S.F. R.R., July 23, 1881; (5) Kansas City, Topeka, Land Grant, Hutchinson to Dodge City, excerpts from "Die Santa Fe Und Sud-Pacific Bahn In Nord America" by Robert von Schlaginweit, Cologne, Germany, 1884; (6) Description of the Swedish settlement, Pawnee Rock, in the upper Arkansas Valley in Southwestern Kansas of the United States, by C. B. Schmidt; (7) Descriptive data relating to the Atchison land grant, brochure with map issued by the Land Commissioner of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad Company, 1893.


Speech, Des Moines, Iowa

Speech, Des Moines, Iowa
Creator: Todd, Lucinda Wilson, 1903-1996
Date: 1953
Lucinda Todd made this speech in Des Moines, Iowa, on the background of the Brown v. Board segregation case. The primary goal of the speech was to raise funds for the attorneys fees required to take the case to the Supreme Court. The speech also provides an excellent recounting of the issues that spawned the Brown case, including the Topeka, Kansas, African-American community's problems with Superintendent Dr. Kenneth McFarland and, Director of Negro Schools, Harrison Caldwell.


Speech, Fellow Citizens--Opposing the Lecompton Constitution

Speech, Fellow Citizens--Opposing the Lecompton Constitution
Creator: Martin, John Alexander, 1839-1889
Date: Around 1858
This hand-written speech appeared to be another by John Alexander Martin, seemingly composed for delivery in the spring and/or early summer of 1858, not long after he took over Atchison's Squatter Sovereign and renamed it Freedom's Champion. Here the speaker aimed his attack at the Buchanan administration and the English Bill, and the renewed attempt to pass the Lecompton Constitution at a referendum scheduled for August 2, 1858, and thus overturn the free-state victory that had already been won. The speaker seemed confident it would be defeated, as the constitution itself had been in January, but hoped for an overwhelming vote against (perhaps as many as 15,000).


Speech, The Progress of Tyranny

Speech, The Progress of Tyranny
Creator: Martin, John Alexander, 1839-1889
Date: December 10, 1856
This "essay," presumably by John Alexander Martin, was "Read before the 'Franklin Literary Institute,' of Brownsville [Pennsylvania], Dec. 10th 1856," about a year before Martin moved to Kansas Territory. It was an interesting statement of the young journalist's emerging philosophy on many of the troubling questions of the day, including a discussion of their historical context. According to the "essayist," America's early opponents of "tyrany," both Northern and Southern, "looked forward to the day when it [slavery] would be abolished," and he pointed to the Constitutions and the Ordinance of 1787 as proof "that the founders of the Republic, in all their acts, strove to circumscribe the limits of slavery, and extend the area of Freedom." Subsequent generations of Americans placed greater emphasis on the economic value of slave production and the current generation was aggressively advocating its expansion and taking whatever action was necessary to insure the institution's survival and continue "the march of tyrany."


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