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Abraham Lincoln to Mark W. Delahay

Abraham Lincoln to Mark W. Delahay
Creator: Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865
Date: May 14, 1859
Lincoln regretfully declines an invitation to attend the Osawatomie convention on May 18, 1859, which was to formally organize the Republican Party in Kansas. Lincoln warns against "the temptation to lower the Republican Standard [in whatever platform the convention might adopt] in order to gather recruits. "In my judgment," Lincoln continues, "such a step would be a serious mistake" that "would surrender the object of the Republican organization-- preventing the Spread and Nationalization of Slavery." This two-page, handwritten copy of a letter sent by Abraham Lincoln to Mark Delahay was probably given to the Kansas Historical Society by Delahay's daughter, Mary E. Delahay, in the early 1900s.


Biographical circulars

Biographical circulars
Date: 1890-1899
This collection consists of biographical forms sent by F. G. Adams, secretary of the Kansas Historical Society, to individuals whose names appeared in historically significant materials in the collections of the Kansas Historical Society. The responses are arranged alphabetically by last name. Biographical information may include full name, place and date of birth, place and date of settlement, present residence, place and date of death, official positions, and/or addresses of family members.


Certificate. Legislative Assembly, Territory of Kansas

Certificate. Legislative Assembly, Territory of Kansas
Creator: Kansas. Legislature
Date: January, 1860
According to this document, signed by the speaker of the Kansas House of Representatives, the assembly owes $68 ("mileage and per diem") to Mark W. Delahay for "services rendered" as chief clerk from January 2 to January 18, 1860. It specifies that Delahay is to receive $4 per day for 17 days to repay the debt.


Charles Sumner to "my dear Webb"

Charles Sumner to "my dear Webb"
Creator: Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874
Date: March 24, 1856
Addressed from the "Senate Chamber" in Washington, D.C., this brief note is a letter of introduction for Mark W. Delahay from Charles Sumner, the famed Republican abolitionist senator from Massachusetts. The senator introduces "Col. Delahay" as a "member of Congress elect from the state of Kansas" but the federal government never recognized the elections held under the Topeka Constitution,


Election, location of capital of Kansas, Topeka Convention, 1855

Election, location of capital of Kansas, Topeka Convention, 1855
Date: October 23, 1855
The Free-State government held a constitutional convention in Topeka, Kansas Territory, from October 23 through November 11, 1855. One of its actions was to vote on the location for the capital of Kansas. According to these tally sheets, Topeka defeated Lawrence on the second ballot, 20 to 16. Numerous other towns received votes from the convention delegates on the first ballot.


Fish knife

Fish knife
Date: between 1880 and 1910
Silver plate fish knife with mother-of-pearl handle. Illegible hallmarks on reverse. Belonged to Mary E. Delahay (1844-1931), daughter of early Kansas Free State activists Mark William Delahay and Mary Hanks Delahay.


George W. Deitzler to Samuel N. Wood

George W. Deitzler to Samuel N. Wood
Creator: Deitzler, George Washington, 1826-1884
Date: August 18, 1860
In the wake of Abraham Lincoln's nomination, May 16, 1860, as the Republican presidential nominee, Deitzler writes from Lawrence that Mark W. Delahay had gone to Springfield, Illinois, on behalf of "our Gen'l J. H. Lane," and the latter was going East soon, "to howl frightfully against Democracy & in favor of 'Old Abe' & so secure, if possible, the confidence of that good man." Deitzler is worried about the new administration, if it is to be controlled by the likes of Lane and Delahay. On another subject, in behalf of a friend, Deitzler asks about the new territorial divorce law and Wood's availability to handle such a case "in a quiet way."


Government Land Office (GLO) survey maps for portions of Wyandotte  and Johnson Counties

Government Land Office (GLO) survey maps for portions of Wyandotte and Johnson Counties
Creator: U.S. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1855-1867
These three Government Land Office survey maps are for Township 11 South, Range 23 East, for portions of Wyandotte and Johnson Counties, Kansas. The first image, dated 1861 and signed by Mark Delahay as Surveyor General. It provides detail for all of the sections (except those south of the Kansas River) for the entire range and township including the Delaware Diminshed Reserve, the Kansas River, and various roads in the area. The second image is dated 1857 with J. Calhoun as the Surveyor General. It shows detail for only sections 32 through 36, including the Kansas River. The third image is dated 1868 and shows detail for Section 32 only. Apparently, only the portions of sections south of the Kansas River are in Johnson County.


James Henry Lane to Mark W. Delahay

James Henry Lane to Mark W. Delahay
Creator: Lane, James Henry, 1814-1866
Date: December 18, 1860
On letterhead from attorneys "Christian & Lane," James H. Lane writes M. W. Delahay a "Strictly confidential" letter of Lane's plan to help John Speer, Lawrence editor and "faithful friend," take control of the "Republican," a newspaper in Lawrence, Kansas Territory. To do so, Lane needs to raise $500, but he believes the political payoff would be worth the effort. Lane feels abolitionist control of the "Republican," "Times" [Leavenworth] and "Record" [Topeka] newspapers would lead to success for the free state cause.


John Milton Hay to Mark W. Delahay

John Milton Hay to Mark W. Delahay
Creator: Hay, John, 1838-1905
Date: July 29, 1862
This letter from John Milton Hay, Abraham Lincoln's private secretary and assistant, to Mark W. Delahay, replying on behalf of the President, is a confidential communication concerning a course of political action.


Kansas: a description of the country, its soil, climate & resources

Kansas: a description of the country, its soil, climate & resources
Creator: Parrott, Marcus J. (Marcus Junius), 1828-1879
Date: March 1856
This pamphlet provides people emigrating to Kansas with practical and reliable information about soil, timber, stone, coal, water, roads, postal facilities, climate, surveys, inhabitants, towns and town sites, routes, and politics.


Lyman Trumbull to M. W. Delahay

Lyman Trumbull to M. W. Delahay
Creator: Trumbull, Lyman , 1813-1896
Date: December 14, 1860
U.S. Senator Lyman Trumbull, an Illinois supporter of Abraham Lincoln's and long-time acquaintance of Delahay, writes from Washington, D.C., to thank Delahay for his efforts in the recent campaign. The senator hopes his friend would be rewarded by his fellow citizens; "It would give me sincere pleasure to see you in the Senate from the new State of Kansas . . ." Trumbull also comments on the secession crisis, the failures of the Buchanan administration, and the absolute necessity for the government to resist the withdrawal of states from the Union.


M. W. Delahay to Charles Robinson, James H. Lane and others

M. W. Delahay to Charles Robinson, James H. Lane and others
Creator: Delahay, Mark W. (Mark William), 1818?-1879
Date: February 16, 1856
From Washington, D.C., on February 16, 1856, Mark Delahay, the Free State Party's representative to the 34th Congress, wrote to his free state colleagues regarding President Franklin Pierce's directive to Governor Wilson Shannon. The latter was "to arrest and punish all who may take part in the making and putting inforce any law in oposition to the Territorial laws now upon the Statute Book." Delahay warned against "the organization of an independent State Government" and wrote "we are upon the brink of a crisis of serious import." (See D.W. Wilder, Annals of Kansas, 109-110.)


Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment

Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment
Creator: United States. President (1861-1865 : Lincoln)
Date: July 17, 1861
This certificate appoints Mark W. Delahay, Surveyor General of the United States for the District of Kansas and Nebraska. The certificate is signed by Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, and Caleb B. Smith, Secretary of the Interior.


Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment

Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment
Creator: United States. President (1861-1865 : Lincoln)
Date: October 6, 1863
This certificate appoints Mark W. Delahay, Judge of the District Court of the United States for the District of Kansas. The certificate is signed by Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, and William H. Seward, Secretary of State.


Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment

Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment
Creator: United States. President (1861-1865 : Lincoln)
Date: April 29, 1861
This certificate appoints Mark W. Delahay, Surveyor General of the United States for the District of Kansas and Nebraska. The certificate is signed by Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, and Caleb B. Smith, Secretary of the Interior.


Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment

Mark W. Delahay certificate of appointment
Creator: United States. President (1861-1865 : Lincoln)
Date: March 15, 1864
This certificate appoints Mark W. Delahay, Judge of the District Court of the United States for the District of Kansas. The certificate is signed by Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, and William H. Seward, Secretary of State.


Mark W. Delahay to "My Dear Sir"

Mark W. Delahay to "My Dear Sir"
Creator: Delahay, Mark W. (Mark William), 1818?-1879
Date: December 1, 1860
In response to an inquiry about a presidential appointment, Delahay writes from Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, that it was too soon to bother the president elect with such matters. When the time came, perhaps in April or May, Delahay believes President Lincoln would treat Kansas Territory fairly and might "consult his friends in Kansas and I may be one of them . . . I have been an old friend of Mr. Lincoln and he is a relative of my wife." (This is identified as a "circular letter," so perhaps it was mailed to a number of individuals with similar interests.)


Mark W. Delahay to Samuel N. Wood

Mark W. Delahay to Samuel N. Wood
Creator: Delahay, Mark W. (Mark William), 1818?-1879
Date: November 18, 1859
From Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, Delahay responds to Samuel Wood's November 14th request that Delahay come to "the Grove" [Council Grove] to assist with the election campaign. Delahay is not sure he could make this long trip, since "our court commences" on the first Monday of December, and he expects to be busy with the local campaign. Delahay ends by asking Wood to help secure for him the position of "chief clerk" in the territorial legislature, "the office that I was by base treachery last winter swindled out of . . ."


Salmon P. Chase to Samuel N. Wood

Salmon P. Chase to Samuel N. Wood
Creator: Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873
Date: October 18, 1859
From Columbus, Ohio, Governor Salmon P. Chase writes Samuel Newitt Wood, a former Ohioan, regarding Kansas politics and Chase's political prospects, speculating about the senatorial contest and the presidential contest of 1860. Chase is pleased that the Wyandotte Constitution passed by a good margin, and believes it would be political "suicide" for the Democratic majority in the Senate to oppose it. "To reject Kansas would be to throw away all." On the back is a "confidential" note from Chase's clerk, M. W. Delahay.


Samuel Ryan Curtis to Abraham Lincoln

Samuel Ryan Curtis to Abraham Lincoln
Creator: Curtis, Samuel Ryan, 1805-1866
Date: January 25, 1865
This letter from Samuel Ryan Curtis to Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, recommends Judge Mark W. Delahay for an appointment abroad.


Thomas Alfred Davies to Abraham Lincoln

Thomas Alfred Davies to Abraham Lincoln
Creator: Davies, Thomas Alfred
Date: January 25, 1865
This letter from Thomas Alfred Davies to Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, recommends Judge Mark W. Delahay for an appointment abroad.


Topeka Constitutional Convention

Topeka Constitutional Convention
Date: October 30, 1855
During this session of the constitutional convention, delegates dealt briefly with the question of "an immediate organization of a State Government," a highly controversial issue, and considered a report on the militia. Lively debate on the latter issue seems to have followed, although not much detail is given here, with Charles Robinson offering an amendment "striking out the word white--" This presumably would have had the effect of making African Americans and Indians eligible for service, but the amendment failed seven to twenty-four. Not surprisingly Lane, Holliday, Delahay, and Parrott were among those voting in the negative. The convention also addressed the franchise and "Negro exclusion," but little detail is provided here. (For more, see newspaper coverage, New York Daily Times, in Webb Scrapbook, v. 6, pp. 237.)


Topeka Constitutional Convention

Topeka Constitutional Convention
Date: October 26, 1855
During the afternoon session on Friday, October 26, 1855, the convention returned to the issue raised by Delahay that morning, among other more mundane matters.


Topeka Constitutional Convention

Topeka Constitutional Convention
Date: October 26, 1855
On Friday, October 26, 1855, the convention conducted some routine business but also entertained a motion by Mark W. Delahay of Leavenworth: "Resolved--That this Convention, approve the principles of non intervention in the local affairs of Kansas, as enunciated by the 'Nebraska, Kansas Act,' and that this Convention recommend to the people of Kansas a strict observance of the principles laid down in said act." In other words, he opposed the creation of a provisional government to rival the federally recognized territorial government--see Delahay's speech on this subject, as reported in "Kansas Freeman," November 14, 1855. The resolution was tabled.


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