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Winter 1977, Volume 43, Number 4


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William Lloyd Lamb to family William Lloyd Lamb to family


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A historical review of the causes and issues that led to the overthrow of the Republican Party in Kansas in 1892

A historical review of the causes and issues that led to the overthrow of the Republican Party in Kansas in 1892
Creator: Kent, W. H.
Date: 1893
This pamphlet recounts the rise of the Populist Party in Kansas and the events of the legislative war in Topeka. This history is written from the Populist perspective. It may have been written by William Henry Kent who died in 1916.

Governor Jonathan Mcmillan Davis to Butler County Pomona Grange

Governor Jonathan Mcmillan Davis to Butler County Pomona Grange
Creator: Davis, Jonathan McMillan, 1871-1943
Date: December 1, 1923
Governor Jonathan Davis of Topeka (Shawnee County) writes the Butler County Pamona Grange in response to its resolutions condemning county road construction in Butler County. The Governor quotes his correspondence with the State Highway Engineer L. R. Tillotson who states that the state Highway Commission has no authority over county commissions. The engineer suggests the grange work to stop further petitions to the county commission for additional roads. See L. R. Tillotson to Governor Jonathan Davis, November 30, 1923.

L.R. Tillotson to Governor Jonathan Mcmillan Davis

L.R. Tillotson to Governor Jonathan Mcmillan Davis
Creator: Tillotson, L. R.
Date: November 30, 1923
State Highway Engineer, Capt. L. R. Tillotson, writes the Governor regarding some opposition to county road construction in Butler County. Tillotson encloses two resolutions from the Butler County Pomona Grange opposing what its members consider needless road construction. The resolutions argue that the building of hard surface roads primarily for "city autoists" have created an unnecessarily high tax burden on the farmers which is driving them to bankruptcy and ask the Governor for assistance. The resolutions call for a halt to all road construction in Butler County until a gasoline tax can be levied for road building. A newspaper clipping from the Wichita Beacon is also enclosed regarding Butler County road construction between El Dorado (Butler County) and Wichita (Sedgwick County), the south-central urban core. See Governor Jonathan Davis to Butler County Pomona Grange, December 1, 1923.

Patrons of Chase County

Patrons of Chase County
Creator: Wood, S. N. (Samuel Newitt)
Date: January 1, 1875-March 12, 1875
S. N. Wood, Relief Agent for Chase County, and master of the Falls Grange subordinate chapter of the Patrons of Husbandry (Kansas State Grange), composed this circular for distribution to other subordinate granges in Chase County. The circular requests information on members' needs for farm relief. The circular demonstrates the broad, but often inadequate, network of social services provided by agricultural fraternities in the 1870s and the desperate conditions farmers faced during unfavorable economic or environmental conditions. George Wood (master of a subordinate grange in Chase County) provided his response by writing his answers in the margins.

Star Valley Grange group, Allen County, Kansas

Star Valley Grange group, Allen County, Kansas
Date: Between 1930 and 1965
This photograph shows the Star Valley Grange group, Patrons of Husbandry, lodge number 1661. Both men and women are pictured in somewhat elaborate uniforms. The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, also simply styled the Grange, is a fraternal organization for American farmers that encourages farm families to band together for their common economic and political well-being. It was founded in 1867 and reached its peak in the 1890s through the 1950s. In addition to serving as a center for many farming communities, the Grange was an effective advocacy group for farmers and their agendas, including fighting railroad monopolies and advocating rural mail deliveries.

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