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Certificate, Claim Debt of Kansas Territory

Certificate, Claim Debt of Kansas Territory
Creator: Strickler, Hiram Jackson
Date: June 14, 1859
This certified that, due to his losses, Orville C. Brown was entitled to receive one thousand dollars from the Treasurer of the Territory of Kansas. This document, claim #273, was signed by H. J. Stricker, auditor. Apparently it was never paid, since the portion of the document pertaining to payment remained blank.


Ephraim Huested, petition for payment of claim

Ephraim Huested, petition for payment of claim
Creator: Huested, Ephraim
Date: July 21, 1859
This petition by Ephraim Huested was addressed to "the honorable Board of Commissioners appointed to audit claims." During the warfare of 1856, Mr. Huested had a horse stolen by a group of Georgians who were camped near Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. Mr. Huested had never received any sort of compensation, so he now requested 150 dollars for his loss. The document also contained a footnote by Nelson J. Roscoe, justice of the peace, who verified the legitimacy of the petition.


Kansas Territory citizens to the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America

Kansas Territory citizens to the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America
Date: c. 1860
This unsigned statement was written to protest "the practice of taxing the people of the Territories for the support of a Government in which they are not represented." The residents of Kansas Territory complained that they had had no voice in how these tax dollars were appropriated, and they asked this "honorable body" to remit to them these taxes. Since this was during the drought of 1860, they declared that they would use these funds for famine relief.


M. M. Campbell to Brethren of the Osawatomie Bible Society

M. M. Campbell to Brethren of the Osawatomie Bible Society
Creator: Campbell, M. M.
Date: June 26, 1860
This letter, written by M. M. Campbell from Monrovia, Kansas Territory, requested information about the progress of colportage in the Osawatomie area, asking if they had divided the area into districts and appointed colporteurs to distribute religious materials to Kansas settlers. To encourage this, Campbell mentioned the great success of other colporteurs, such as Brother Blood from Manhattan, Kansas. He also encouraged the residents of Osawatomie to remain faithful to their duty as Christians, and to work for the furtherance of the kingdom. Campbell requested more detailed information about the local Bible Society.


Orville Chester Brown correspondence

Orville Chester Brown correspondence
Creator: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: 1854-1861
A selection of papers from Orville Chester Brown (1811-1904). Brown was a pioneer, founder of Osawatomie, Kansas, and ardent abolitionist. In October 1854, he came to Kansas to improve his health. He established the town of Osawatomie in Lykins (now Miami) County, which he named for the nearby Osage and Pottawatomie creeks. In June 1856, "free-state" (antislavery) men murdered pro-slavery advocates in what became known as the Pottawatomie Massacre. In retaliation pro-slavery forces sacked Osawatomie on August 30, 1856. Brown's home was burned to the ground in the raid, and his son, Spencer Kellogg Brown (1842-1863), was captured and taken to Lafayette County, Missouri, for several weeks. Spencer is the subject of much of the collection after 1860 and took an active role in the conflict. After leaving Kansas in 1861 for Buffalo, New York, Orville Chester Brown traveled extensively through the Northeast lecturing and raising money to support free-state forces in Kansas.


Orville Chester Brown, share certificate

Orville Chester Brown, share certificate
Creator: Trustees of the Town of Osawatomie: Samuel C. Pomeroy, et. al.,
Date: September 23, 1857
This document, drafted by the Trustees of the Town of Osawatomie, states the boundaries of the town and certifies that Orville C. Brown is the proprietor of 100 town shares.


Orville Chester Brown to C.L. Edward

Orville Chester Brown to C.L. Edward
Creator: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: March 21, 1856
This letter, written from Osawatomie by Orville C. Brown to C. L. Edward, concerns a shipment of books and supplies. The author also hopes to have a schoolhouse built in two or three weeks, in addition to a number of other structures. It includes general information about town development.


Orville Chester Brown to Edward Allen

Orville Chester Brown to Edward Allen
Creator: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: March 18, 1856
Orville C. Brown wrote from his home in Osawatomie to Edward Allen, describing the location of Osawatomie and the natural resources in the area. He also informed the recipient of the letter about the essential provisions to bring when emigrating to Kansas, as well as the current situation of free staters in Kansas.


Orville Chester Brown to Mr. Edwards

Orville Chester Brown to Mr. Edwards
Creator: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: April 10, 1856
Orville C. Brown wrote this letter from Osawatomie to Mr. Edwards, regarding a shipment of school books. He also wrote concerning a common school in the area that would begin classes in May, taught by a Mr. Martin. Brown also mentioned, rather briefly, the needs of the Osawatomie community, including such skilled workers as blacksmiths and carpenters.


Orville Chester Brown to Mr. Ward

Orville Chester Brown to Mr. Ward
Creator: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: March 26, 1856
This letter, written by Orville C. Brown from Osawatomie, was addressed to Mr. Ward. For the most part, it related information about the development of Osawatomie and various land claims, including a discussion about the boundaries of the town.


Orville Chester Brown to unknown

Orville Chester Brown to unknown
Creator: Brown, Orville Chester, 1811-1904
Date: September 2, 1856
This eloquent letter, presumably written by Orville Chester Brown, provides an example of the free state perspective on the events of 1856. It includes references to a number of key personalities and places that played a vital role during the struggle for Kansas. Brown writes that "Kansas is the scene of bloody strife," as "2000 armed men" from Missouri were rumored to have crossed into Kansas.


Orville Chester Brown to unknown

Orville Chester Brown to unknown
Date: June 24, 1856
This letter, presumably written by Orville Chester Brown, is an excellent example of a free state perspective on the events of 1856 in Kansas Territory. Speaking in rather eloquent terms, the author expresses anger at the United States government for their refusal to aid free state settlers.


Osawatomie Town Company, Share Certificate

Osawatomie Town Company, Share Certificate
Date: May 28, 1858
This blank share in the Osawatomie Town Company was signed by the secretary and by O. C. Brown, President. The document states that the town was chartered in January 1858, and on the side is a note declaring that Osawatomie was burned in 1856 and rebuilt in 1857.


Oscar Dayton to Orville Chester Brown

Oscar Dayton to Orville Chester Brown
Creator: Dayton, Oscar V
Date: February 9, 1857
This letter, written by Oscar Dayton from the Banking Office of Dayton and Co., Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, was addressed to Orville C. Brown, a founder of Osawatomie. The main subject of the letter was a printing press and other pertinent materials that were available to the residents of Osawatomie, if they in turn paid Dayton's debts and granted him deeds for town lots in Osawatomie. That was Dayton's preferred method of payment. Furthermore, Dayton informed Brown that there were other men who were interested in purchasing the printing press, so he needed a speedy reply to this letter. It concluded with personal regards to Mr. Brown's family.


Robert S. Stevens to Orville Chester Brown

Robert S. Stevens to Orville Chester Brown
Creator: Stevens, Robert S.
Date: February 18, 1860
This letter, written by Robert Stevens while in Washington, D. C., was addressed to Orville C. Brown, Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. It informed Brown that the Land Office had decided that all entries of town sites made by Kansas probate judges were null and void. Stevens inquired as to whether Osawatomie had a formal municipal organization. He also urged Brown to discuss this issue with no one, in order to prevent others from jumping the town site.


S. L. Adair to the friends of Christ

S. L. Adair to the friends of Christ
Creator: Adair, Samuel Lyle
Date: c. 1855
This letter reported on the current religious situation in Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. According to the author, a missionary with the American Missionary Association, the residents had begun the preliminary steps for organizing a church. In Osawatomie there were a number of Baptists, Congregationalists, and Wesleyans, along with a large group who "make no profession of religion." Adair also wrote about the sickness that prevented more formal organization.


Samuel Medary to Orville Chester Brown (?)

Samuel Medary to Orville Chester Brown (?)
Creator: Medary, S. (Samuel), 1801-1864
Date: February 25, 1859
This letter, presumably addressed to Orville Brown, was written by Samuel Medary, the current governor of Kansas Territory. Governor Medary was pleased that the volatile situation during the border wars had calmed down, and he encouraged Brown to foster an environment focused on "peace and industry." The governor also hoped that, with things settling down, more emigrants would come into Kansas.


Spencer Kellogg Brown, the Battle of Osawatomie

Spencer Kellogg Brown, the Battle of Osawatomie
Creator: Brown, Spencer Kellogg, 1842-1863
Date: Around 1856
This account of the battle and its aftermath, written by Spencer Kellogg Brown, was compiled from his shorthand diary. It describes the battle and his experiences as a young teenager taken prisoner by pro-slavery forces. He traveled with the Missouri troops and their other prisoners, and then for several weeks he lived under house arrest with Dr. James Keith from Lexington, Missouri. This particular account is unique because it gives very detailed descriptions of how ordinary citizens became entangled in the fighting.


Spencer Kellogg Brown to Kitty Cordelia Gould Brown

Spencer Kellogg Brown to Kitty Cordelia Gould Brown
Creator: Brown, Spencer Kellogg, 1842-1863
Date: April 15, 1860
This letter, written from Osawatomie by Spencer Brown, was addressed to his older sister Kitty (Cordelia Gould) Brown. He playfully berated her for sending a "microscopic" letter, and he offered her his personal opinion about her current suitor, describing this young man as a "milk-and-water infant." In general, the letter gave an intimate glimpse into this sister/brother relationship and demonstrated that even during hard times, life continued.


William Brown, deed

William Brown, deed
Creator: Trustees of the Town of Osawatomie: Samuel C. Pomeroy, et. al.,
Date: April 16, 1857
This deed granted William Brown of Otego, New York a town lot in Osawatomie, Kansas Territory. Written over the deed certificate is a note from O. C. Brown, clerk of the Board of Trustees, which declares that this lot had been transferred to Mr. Jabez Holmes. On the back of the deed there is a written statement in which William Brown transfers ownership to Mr. Holmes, dated September 24, 1858.


Wilson Shannon to Orville Chester Brown

Wilson Shannon to Orville Chester Brown
Creator: Shannon, Wilson, 1802-1877
Date: April 18, 1858
This letter, written by Wilson Shannon, former governor of Kansas Territory, was addressed to Orville C. Brown, one of the founders of Osawatomie. Shannon wrote from his office in Lecompton to reassure Brown that the problem with Osawatomie's town site would be addressed.


Showing 1 - 21

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