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Winter 1977, Volume 43, Number 4


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People - Notable People - Catlin, George, 1796-1872

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Group of Kansa Indians

Group of Kansa Indians
Creator: Catlin, George, 1796-1872
Date: Between 1860 and 1879
Photo of an illustration of a group of Kansa Indians.

Iowa Indians

Iowa Indians
Creator: Catlin, George, 1796-1872
Date: between 1840 and 1850
Group of Iowa Indians copied from The Iowa (1911) by William Harvey Miner.

Keokuk, a Sac and Fox Chief

Keokuk, a Sac and Fox Chief
Creator: Catlin, George, 1796-1872
Date: 1844
This illustration of Keokuk, a Sac and Fox chief, was drawn by the famed artist George Catlin. Keokuk is wearing traditional Sac and Fox clothing. It originally appeared in George Catlin's book North American Indians, published in 1844.

Ten-squat-a-way or Tenskwatawa, the Shawnee Prophet

Ten-squat-a-way or Tenskwatawa, the Shawnee Prophet
Creator: Catlin, George, 1796-1872
Date: 1831
Tenskwatawa, whose name means "open door," was a Shawnee Indian from present-day Ohio who fiercely opposed Indian removal. Tenskwatawa was a revered religious figure among the Shawnee, and he advocated a return to Indian customs and preached that performing certain sacred rituals would make the Shawnee impervious to the white man's bullets. He also denounced drunkenness and the drinking of whiskey. He worked to enlist support for his brother Tecumseh's confederacy that would unite Indian tribes to fight against the U. S. government and drive white settlers out of the Old Northwest (present-day Indiana, Illinois, and Ohio). Tecumseh's uprising failed, and Tenskwatawa and other Shawnees were eventually removed to Indian Territory in present-day Kansas. This portrait by famed artist George Catlin was painted during one of Catlin's visits to Kansas in 1831. The portrait shows Tenskwatawa holding a medicine stick and a sacred string of beans; it also shows where he was accidentally blinded by an arrow. The original painting is housed in the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History.

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