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Military - Wars - World War II - Homefront - Prisoner of war

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Arthur Capper to Major General Clarence Danielson

Arthur Capper to Major General Clarence Danielson
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: June 02, 1944
Arthur Capper's telegram to General Danielson relays the concerns of Kansas farmers who fear that their supply of POW labor is about to run out.


Brigadier General J.M. Eager to Senator Arthur Capper

Brigadier General J.M. Eager to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Eager, Brigadier General J.M.
Date: August 17, 1944
This letter, sent by Brigadier General J.M. Eager to Senator Capper, discusses the treatment of Italian POWs held in the United States during World War II.


C. E. Adams, VFW Post 1432 to Senator Arthur Capper

C. E. Adams, VFW Post 1432 to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 1432
Date: June 28, 1945
This is a letter from C.E. Adams, Adjutant of VFW Post #1432 in Salina, Kansas, objects to the use of German prisoners of war(POWs) by businesses and private individuals in Salina, Kansas, and the surrounding area. Primarily, the VFW members are concerned that returning veterans will not have enough jobs due to the presence of POWs in the area.


Clem Blangers to Senator Arthur Capper

Clem Blangers to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Blangers, Clem
Date: January 30, 1946
A telegram from Clem Blangers, Salina, Kansas, to Kansas Senator Arthur Capper of Topeka. Blangers, Secretary of the Salina Building Trades Council, requested something be done for the returning war veterans and the jobs that they had left behind that were now being filled by German prisoner of war workers. He asked that the prisoners be removed so that the veterans can have work available.


Colonel H.H. Pfeil to Senator Arthur Capper

Colonel H.H. Pfeil to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Pfeil, Colonel H.H.
Date: May 21, 1943
In this letter, Colonel H.H. Pfeil, U.S. Army Liaison Officer for the Senate, responds to Senator Capper's inquiries into pay for Axis prisoners of war held in the U.S. Pfeil informs Capper that the captured POWs will be paid based on their rank "in order to insure like treatment for our nationals detained by foreign powers."


Colonel John C. Pitchford to Senator Arthur Capper

Colonel John C. Pitchford to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Pitchford, John C.
Date: February 11, 1947
This letter from Colonel John C. Pitchford to Senator Arthur Capper, details the number of prisoners of war held by Allied governments, as well as the number of P.O.W.'s held in the U.S.


Cordell Hull to Senator Arthur Capper

Cordell Hull to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Hull, Cordell
Date: July 14, 1943
This letter, from U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull to Senator. Arthur Capper of Kansas, concerns the status of U.S. civilian internees held by the Japanese. Captured following the Japan attack on Wake Island, nearly 800 U.S. citizens were placed in internment camps alongside Allied prisoners of war.


Daniel Hall to Senator Arthur Capper

Daniel Hall to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Hall, Daniel
Date: June 27, 1942
This letter from Daniel Hall of Topeka, Kansas, to Senator Arthur Capper, provides insight into the lives of detainees and prisoners of war held by the Japanese military during World War II. Hall details conditions within his camp near Shanghai, China, and requests that Capper use his influence to secure the release of all U.S. citizens being held at the camp.


Donald Bolman to Senator Arthur Capper

Donald Bolman to Senator Arthur Capper
Date: July 06, 1943
This letter, from the head of the Concordia Mercantile Company in Concordia, Kansas, addresses the difficulties that the company has faced with regard to supplying the Post Exchange at Concordia with the necessary amount of goods. In particular, the Concordia Mercantile Company is having difficulty acquiring sufficient quantities of beer for the German POWs being held at the internment camp in Concordia.


Dr. Ada Rice to Senator Arthur Capper

Dr. Ada Rice to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Rice, Ada
Date: July 13, 1947
In this letter to Senator Arthur Capper, Kansas State College of Agriculture and Applied Science professor Ada Rice explains that her brother in Manilla has seen many U.S. civilians who had been in Japanese prison camps during the war. Asserting that they need assistance from the U.S. Government, Rice asks Senator Capper to vote for House Resolution 1823, a bill introduced by Congressman Carl Hinshaw of California that provided money to former U.S. civilian prisoners of war.


E. J. Brosa to Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel

E. J. Brosa to Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel
Creator: Broza, E. J.
Date: February 16, 1944
E. J. Brosa, a farmer living near Valley Falls (Jefferson County) writes to Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel of Topeka (Shawnee County) requesting an Italian prisoner be sent to his farm as a laborer. The United States military held Axis prisoners of war at internment camps at several locations in Kansas. The use of war prisoners as farm laborers was a controversial issue for local communities. Some citizens worried about personal and community security and the protection of military intelligence. Other citizens were concerned about the shortage of farm labor and resented Axis prisoners being allowed to work their farms while their children were off fighting the war.


Edward Franzke to Senator Arthur Capper

Edward Franzke to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Franzke, Edward
Date: June 12, 1944
This letter from Edward Franzke, Director of the War Manpower Commission in Kansas, to Senator Arthur Capper, concerns the use of German POWs as farm laborers on Kansas farms. In particular, Franzke is addressing Capper's concern that there will be a shortage of POW labor for farmers in and around Salina, Kansas.


Farmers to Arthur Capper

Farmers to Arthur Capper
Date: June 2, 1944
Concerned about the possibility of a shortage of labor during the upcoming harvest season, several farmers in Concordia, Kansas, write to Senator Arthur Capper in the hope that he can ensure that German prisoners of war will be available to work during the harvest season.


Gomer Davies to Senator Arthur Capper

Gomer Davies to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Davies, Gomer T.
Date: April 29, 1942
In this letter, Gomer T. Davies, proprietor of The Kansan Printing House in Concordia, Kansas, informs Senator Capper that the "business and professional interests" in the town of Concordia support the establishment of a POW camp near the town.


Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel public notice

Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel public notice
Creator: Schoeppel, Andrew Frank, 1894-1962
Date: May 18, 1943
Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel of Topeka, Kansas, announces that Axis prisoners of war held at the "Camp Phillips Internment Camp" are available as laborers for farm or construction work. Interested farmers were instructed to contact their county extension agents for applications and information. The prisoners were to be paid eighty cents a day. This work program was controversial in the local communities because of security concerns and a preference to keep sons at home to help with the farming.


Hand-carved sculpture

Hand-carved sculpture
Date: between 1945 and 1950
After returning home at the end of World War II, several German POWs sent wood carvings to Ernest Sibberson, a local Lutheran pastor, in thanks for his kindness to them during their forced stay in Topeka. Sibberson, who had immigrated to the United States as a teenager, was a native of Germany and spoke the language well. He regularly visited the POWs and held religious services for them at Winter General Hospital.


Hand-carved sculpture

Hand-carved sculpture
Date: between 1945 and 1950
After returning home at the end of World War II, several German POWs sent wood carvings to Ernest Sibberson, a local Lutheran pastor, in thanks for his kindness to them during their forced stay in Topeka. Sibberson, who had immigrated to the United States as a teenager, was a native of Germany and spoke the language well. He regularly visited the POWs and held religious services for them at Winter General Hospital.


Harrison Gerhardt to Arthur Capper

Harrison Gerhardt to Arthur Capper
Creator: Gerhardt, Lt. Col. Harrison
Date: November 25, 1943
This letter, from Lt. Col. Harrison Gerhardt to Sen. Arthur Capper, concerns the temporary POW camp at Council Grove, Kansas. Capper, having inquired about the establishment of a permanent camp at Council Grove, is informed that enemy POWs will be available as laborers.


Major General J.A. Ulio to Senator Arthur Capper

Major General J.A. Ulio to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: Ulio, Major General J.A.
Date: February 15, 1945
This letter, from Major General J.A. Ulio to Senator Capper, details the proper use of POW labor, as well as the government agencies in charge of their employment.


Memoirs of Charles Homer Dewey

Memoirs of Charles Homer Dewey
Creator: Dewey, Charles Homer, 1885-1976
Date: Between 1940 and 1944
This item is a memoir of Charles Homer Dewey's life to 1943 and a postscript to 1944. Included are recollections of his life on the farm near Piedmont, Kansas; studies at the Kansas State Normal School (now Emporia State University); work as a teacher and school superintendent, the latter at Randolph and Grenola, Kansas; college and medical school at the University of Kansas; medical practice in Buffalo and Elk city, Kansas, during the Great Depression; and military service as a physician at Civilian Conservation Corps camps in Kansas, Missouri, and the western United States and a prisoner of war camp at Little Rock, Arkansas. The memoirs also describe farm life and the agricultural economy in the late 1880s and the political debate over the Spanish-American War.


P. X. English to Senator Arthur Capper

P. X. English to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: English, Brigadier General P.X.
Date: October 20, 1945
This letter is Brigadier General P.X. English's response to a letter sent to the Army Service Forces by Concordia resident Dr. G.W. Coffey.


Prisoner of war camp

Prisoner of war camp
Date: Between 1940-1945
This is a view of a prisoner of war camp in Cloud County, Kansas, during World War II.


Prisoners of war press release

Prisoners of war press release
Creator: U.S. Department of State
Date: May 25, 1943
This U.S. Department of State press release details U.S. policy toward civilian internees and prisoners of war held by the Axis powers. The document is from the Arthur Capper papers.


Sample Addresses for United States Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees Held in Enemy and Enemy-Occupied Territories

Sample Addresses for United States Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees Held in Enemy and Enemy-Occupied Territories
Creator: American Red Cross
Date: March 1943
This American National Red Cross circular published in 1943 provides instructions regarding the mailing of letters to Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees held in camps in Italy, Germany, and Japan.


W.H. White to Senator Arthur Capper

W.H. White to Senator Arthur Capper
Creator: White, William H.
Date: October 23, 1943
In this letter, W.H. White, Vice-President of the Farmers and Drovers Bank in Council Grove, Kansas, requests that the temporary camp for German POWs in Council Grove be turned into a permanent camp. White argues that the German POWs have "been a wonderful solution for farmers to get up their feed and silage."


Showing 1 - 25

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