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A.L. Foster to the manager of Kelly's Hotel in Iola, Kansas

A.L. Foster to the manager of Kelly's Hotel in Iola, Kansas
Creator: Foster, A.L.
Date: March 09, 1945
In this letter, from A.L. Foster of the Chicago Urban League to the manager of Kelly's Hotel in Iola, Kansas, details Foster's experiences at the hotel in the winter of 1945. Foster, a passenger on a bus from Ft. Scott to Wichita, was asked to sit in the rear section of the restaurant solely because he was an African American.


Adjutant General of Kansas to Governor Andrew Schoeppel

Adjutant General of Kansas to Governor Andrew Schoeppel
Creator: Kansas. Adjutant General's Dept.
Date: Between 1943 and 1947
This memorandum, from the Adjutant General of Kansas to Governor Andrew Schoeppel, addresses the use of conscientious objectors on dairy farms. During World War II, thousands of men applied to the Selective Service as conscientious objectors to war based on their religious beliefs. Many, as this memo indicates, worked on farms during the war.


Affidavit from Homer W. Hunter to U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle

Affidavit from Homer W. Hunter to U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle
Creator: Hunter, Homer
Date: March 22, 1943
Affidavit from Homer Hunter of Coffeyville, Kansas, to U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle. The affidavit describes the treatment endured by Melvin L. Jackson, F. Jerry Molohan, and Homer W. Hunter during World War II. The three men, all Jehovah's Witnesses and conscientious objectors, describe the harsh treatment and threats of violence they faced from some members of the American Legion due to their religious beliefs.


Andrew Schoeppel to James Boyack

Andrew Schoeppel to James Boyack
Creator: Schoeppel, Andrew Frank, 1894-1962
Date: April 20, 1943
In this letter Kansas Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel informs James E. Boyack that he can not provide detailed information concerning Kansas' contributions to the war effort that Boyack wanted, for the 1943 addition of the aviation yearbook Aerosphere, because of the secret nature of the information. However, Schoeppel does praise the achievements of Kansas' aviation companies up to that point in World War II.


Anne G. Cravens to Governor Andrew Schoeppel

Anne G. Cravens to Governor Andrew Schoeppel
Creator: Cravens, Anne G.
Date: August 15, 1944
In this letter to Governor Schoeppel, Anne G. Cravens of Santa Monica, California, tells Schoeppel that he should work to establish a "Veterans City" in Kansas where returning soliders could live following the war.


A resolution approving and requesting legislative action on a program of basic military training and drill in the high schools of the state of Kansas

A resolution approving and requesting legislative action on a program of basic military training and drill in the high schools of the state of Kansas
Creator: Sunflower Junior Statemens Club
Date: October 4, 1942
This resolution, produced by the Sunflower Junior Statemen's Club: Alumni Association of Sunflower Boys' State, asks that "a program of military drill and training" be required for all junior and senior high school boys throughout Kansas.


Avis Atkinson and Governor Andrew Schoeppel coresspondence

Avis Atkinson and Governor Andrew Schoeppel coresspondence
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1943-1947 : Schoeppel)
Date: February 12-16, 1943
This correspondence deals with the possibility of moving Japanese Americans to Kansas to serve as laborers during World War II. In the letter to Governor Schoeppel, Avis Atkinson of Fall River, Kansas, urges the Governor to do everything in his power to keep the U.S. government from allowing Japanese Americans to work in Kansas because "Once a Jap Always a Jap." Governor Schoeppel's reply is cordial but reinforces the fact that, if the federal government so desires, he will comply with their wishes and house Japanese Americans and/or Japanese prisoners of war.


Benjamin O. Weaver to Governor Andrew Schoeppel

Benjamin O. Weaver to Governor Andrew Schoeppel
Date: September 01, 1943
In this letter to Governor Schoeppel, Kansas House of Representatives member Benjamin O. Weaver explains that many of his constituents in Kiowa County, Kansas, are opposed to the use of Japanese Americans as laborers in the state. Included with the letter is a petition signed by numerous Kiowa County residents which states that they are against releasing the Japanese Americans because they "think it dangerous to the war effort." A searchable, full-text version of this letter is available by clicking "Text Version" below.


Chester Stevens to Andrew Schoeppel

Chester Stevens to Andrew Schoeppel
Creator: Stevens, Chester
Date: August 02, 1943
In this letter to Governor Schoeppel, Chester Stevens of Independence, Kansas, argues that the proposed cut in the value gasoline "A" coupons to the Midwest is unfair due to the great distances between many towns and cities in that area of the country.


Community Service and War Fund

Community Service and War Fund
Date: 1943
This item details the various teams and committees related to the Community Service and War Fund in Kansas for the 1943 drive. Included are the quotas for each team and committee.


Coral Bell to Governor Andrew Schoeppel

Coral Bell to Governor Andrew Schoeppel
Creator: Bell, Coral
Date: October 4, 1944
This letter from Coral Bell to Governor Schoeppel, concerns the treatment of the African American citizens of Ellis, Kansas. Bell explains that the Victory Café in Ellis has a sign in the front window that states "We Cater to White Trade Only" and questions is this the type of freedom he fought for while serving in the U.S. military.


Dr. J.A. Billingsley and Governor Andrew Schoeppel coresspondence

Dr. J.A. Billingsley and Governor Andrew Schoeppel coresspondence
Date: September 22, 1945-September 24, 1945
This correspondence between Governor Schoeppel and Dr. J.A. Billingsley deals with the severe shortage of doctors that Kansas faced throughout World War II. In his letter to Governor Schoeppel, Billingsley explains that his assistant, Dr. John Betz, has been in the military for three years despite health problems. As a result, Dr. Billingsley has had to rely on the help of "two men who are both past sixty-five and are unable to carry the load."


E. E. Baird and Governor Andrew Schoeppel Correspondence

E. E. Baird and Governor Andrew Schoeppel Correspondence
Creator: Baird, E.E.
Date: August 20, 1945
In this letter to Governor Schoeppel, E.E. Baird of Wichita Kansas, asks the governor to use his "good offices and influence on Washington" to speed-up the return of Kansas soldiers who served in World War II. Like many Americans, Baird was anxious to have the troops home following the official end of World War II. However, as Schoeppel's reply indicates, immediate demobilization for all military members was impossible.


E. J. Brosa to Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel

E. J. Brosa to Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel
Creator: Broza, E. J.
Date: February 16, 1944
E. J. Brosa, a farmer living near Valley Falls (Jefferson County) writes to Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel of Topeka (Shawnee County) requesting an Italian prisoner be sent to his farm as a laborer. The United States military held Axis prisoners of war at internment camps at several locations in Kansas. The use of war prisoners as farm laborers was a controversial issue for local communities. Some citizens worried about personal and community security and the protection of military intelligence. Other citizens were concerned about the shortage of farm labor and resented Axis prisoners being allowed to work their farms while their children were off fighting the war.


Earl Schaefer to Governor Andrew Schoeppel

Earl Schaefer to Governor Andrew Schoeppel
Creator: Schaefer, Julius Earl
Date: January 15, 1945
This letter, dated January 15, 1945, was sent to Governor Andrew Schoeppel by Boeing Vice President J. Earl Schaefer. In the letter, Schaeffer details the recent successes of Boeing's Wichita division, including the building of 100 B-29 Superfortresses a month.


Edward McMaster to Governor Andrew Schoeppel

Edward McMaster to Governor Andrew Schoeppel
Creator: McMaster, Edward
Date: April 15, 1945
In this letter to Governor Schoeppel, Lieutenant Edward McMaster, Information and Education Officer for the Headquarters, 8th Fighter Group, at San Fransico, California, asks Schoeppel for information concerning various fields of employment in Kansas.


Edwin Lee Booth to Local Board #1 of Olathe, Kansas

Edwin Lee Booth to Local Board #1 of Olathe, Kansas
Creator: Booth, Edwin Lee
Date: July 10, 1943
This letter from Edwin Lee Booth of Mission, Kansas, describes his reasons for not reporting to the Civilian Public Service (CPS) camp at Hill City, South Dakota. Booth, a motorcycle mechanic, argues that his duty as minister prohibits him from working for the U.S. government. The CPS camp at Hill City was built to help support the completion of the Deerfield Dam which was designed to provide water for Rapid City, South Dakota, as well as much of the surrounding countryside.


Elmer Jackson to Harold Stauffer

Elmer Jackson to Harold Stauffer
Creator: Jackson, Elmer C. (Elmer Carter), 1912-
Date: November 21, 1945
This letter, from Elmer Jackson of the Kansas branch of the N.A.A.C.P. to Harold Stauffer, Chairman of the Kansas Board of Regents, details the difficulties faced by African American students at the Kansas State Teachers College in Emporia.


For immediate release

For immediate release
Creator: Boeing Airplane Company
Date: January 2, 1945
This news release from the Boeing Airplane Company details the absence percentage for workers at the company's manufacturing plant in Wichita, Kansas.


Forrest Jeffries to the U.S. Department of Justice

Forrest Jeffries to the U.S. Department of Justice
Creator: Jeffries, Forrest
Date: April 21, 1943
Forrest Jeffries wrote to the U.S. Department of Justice concerning difficulties faced by Jehovah's Witnesses in Scott City, Kansas, beginning in June of 1942. According to Jeffries' account, the Scott City Jehovah's Witnesses were threatened with violence and told to stop handing out their magazines. Jeffries and several other Jehovah's Witnesses were taken to jail in order to keep them safe from mob violence.


Frank Black and Governor Andrew Schoeppel coresspondence

Frank Black and Governor Andrew Schoeppel coresspondence
Date: April 07, 1943-April 14, 1943
This correspondence addresses the possibility of bringing Japanese Americans to Kansas as laborers. In the first item, from The Topeka Building and Construction Trades Council, Frank Black, Secretary-Treasurer of the Council, argues that Japanese Americans laborers should not be brought to Kansas because of their "uncanny, treacherous, and barbarian instinct." Furthermore, Black contends that men such as himself will "never submit to any program which will elevate these barbarians to a point of superiority or even on a par with those who are doing our fighting." The second item, a letter from Mr. Black to Governor Schoeppel, explains that The Topeka Building and Construction Trades Council has sent its concerns to Mr. Leiker, and Kansas's Senators and Representatives in Washington. The final item, dated April 14, 1943, contains Governor Schoeppel's response to Mr. Black. In the letter, Governor Schoeppel explains that the idea to bring Japanese Americans to Kansas was developed by the U.S. Government, not by anyone in Kansas.


Franscisco Moralez to Andrew Schoeppel

Franscisco Moralez to Andrew Schoeppel
Creator: Moralez, Fransico
Date: September 7, 1945
This letter, from Fransico Moralez to Governor Schoeppel, details Moralez's experiences upon returning to Kansas after the end of World War II. Despite being a Mexican American U.S. Army veteran, Moralez faced a great deal of difficulty when attempting to readjust to civilian life due to the racism and discrimination that continued to exist at the end of the war.


Garold Schneider to Governor Andrew Schoeppel

Garold Schneider to Governor Andrew Schoeppel
Creator: Schneider, Garnold
Date: August 19, 1945
In this letter to Governor Schoeppel, PfC Garnold Scheider asks Schoeppel to help facilitate his return to civilian life. Arguing that his experience as a teacher is needed in Goodland, Kansas, Schneider ponders why the school systems in the U.S. have not "banded together and requested the release of men as the railroad and mining industries have?"


Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel public notice

Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel public notice
Creator: Schoeppel, Andrew Frank, 1894-1962
Date: May 18, 1943
Governor Andrew F. Schoeppel of Topeka, Kansas, announces that Axis prisoners of war held at the "Camp Phillips Internment Camp" are available as laborers for farm or construction work. Interested farmers were instructed to contact their county extension agents for applications and information. The prisoners were to be paid eighty cents a day. This work program was controversial in the local communities because of security concerns and a preference to keep sons at home to help with the farming.


Governor Andrew Schoeppel and C. Fosberg Hughes coresspondence

Governor Andrew Schoeppel and C. Fosberg Hughes coresspondence
Date: June 07, 1944-June 16, 1944
This correspondence between Governor Schoeppel and Minister C. Fosberg Hughes of the Plymouth Congregational Church in Lawrence, Kansas, concerns the possibility of using Japanese Americans as laborers in Kansas. In his correspondence with Governor Schoeppel, Hughes argues that many people have misinterpreted Schoeppel's position toward Japanese Americans in Kansas. In fact, Hughes contends that Schoeppel's statement "has been used unfairly by the American Legion crowd in town to whip up public sentiment against the resettlement of these families." In his reply to Hughes, Governor Schoeppel clarifies his position and states that, as Governor of Kansas, he must also take the objections of the people of the state into account because "those objections should be seriously taken into consideration and the evacuees kept out of those areas, first because of the safety of the Japanese themselves and second because it would only create turmoil and discord in the communities." After reading Schoeppel's lengthy reply, Hughes responds by stating that he is aware of the argument against sending Japanese Americans to Kansas. However, he argues that "too often the community mind is set by a very small vocal minority." Therefore, Hughes asks Governor Schoeppel to do what he can to make sure that Kansan's do not shift their "responsibility for American citizens from one community to another or one state to another."


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