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1878 Penny from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

1878 Penny from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1878
This penny dates to 14 years later than the Battle of Mine Creek, but still can help archeologists understand activity or disturbance at the site. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War. The penny, sometimes called an Indian Head cent or Indian Head penny shows Liberty with a head dress on the obverse side. The reverse side shows an oak wreath and shield surrounding the words "ONE CENT."


.54 Caliber Bullets from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

.54 Caliber Bullets from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
Shown are three of the many bullets recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. All of the artifacts are .54 caliber lead bullets. The one of the far left was manufactured by Sharps and has three grease rings. The other two bullets both have concave or hollow bases. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Ammunition from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Ammunition from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This ammunition was recovered from the Mine Creek Battlefield site in Linn County during a survey and excavation in 1990 by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. On October 25, 1864, Union and Confederate forces met at the site and fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War. Shown here are three different types of ammunition. The larger round ball is grapeshot and was fired along with a number of similar sized balls from a cannon. The shorter round nosed one is a .70 caliber bullet with a concave or hollow base. The longer one is a Sharps .45 caliber bullet.


Axe Head from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Axe Head from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This axe head was recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. There are many variations on axe heads styles, this one is similar to a cabin or New England axe. The butt end has been used as a hammer or an anvil. This axe was cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Battle of Mine Creek centennail ceremony, Linn County, Kansas

Battle of Mine Creek centennail ceremony, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas Department of Transportation
Date: 1964
This photograph shows from left to right: Governor John Anderson; General Joe Michell, Attorney General of Kansas; Governor John Dalton of Missouri; and Professor William E. Berger of Drury College, Springfield, Missouri. The photograph of these men was taken at the centennial cermony of the Civil War battle at Mine Creek in Linn County, Kansas in October 1964.


Battle of Mine Creek centennial ceremony, Linn County, Kansas

Battle of Mine Creek centennial ceremony, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas Department of Transportation
Date: 1964
These two photographs from the centennial ceremony of the battle at Mine Creek in Linn County, Kansas depicts soldiers dressed in uniform with Governor Dalton of Missouri and Governor Anderson of Kansas.


Battle of Mine Creek centennial ceremony, Linn County, Kansas

Battle of Mine Creek centennial ceremony, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas Department of Transportation
Date: 1964
This photograph represents soldiers standing at salute at the centennial ceremony for the Battle of Mine Creek in honor of the Civil War in Linn County, Kansas in October 1964. Depicted in the photograph is Lawrence native Edgar Langsdorf (1911-2000).


Battle of Mine Creek historical marker, Linn County, Kansas

Battle of Mine Creek historical marker, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas Department of Transportation
Date: 1964
This group of photographs depict the Kansas historical marker for the "Battle of Mine Creek". Located one mile south Pleasanton, Kansas on U. S. Highway 69 in Linn County, Kansas. The photograph that has crowds in the background was taken during the centennial ceremony of the battle in October 1964.


Battle of Mine Creek markers, Linn County, Kansas

Battle of Mine Creek markers, Linn County, Kansas
Creator: Kansas State Historical Society
Date: 1971
These two photographs represent the historical marker commemorating the Battle of Mine Creek in Linn County, Kansas. One photograph depicts the marker from far providing a better representation of the entire marker while the other portrays the marker close to read the inscription on the marker.


Battle of the Marais Des Cygnes or Osage or Mine Creek

Battle of the Marais Des Cygnes or Osage or Mine Creek
Creator: Scott, William Forse
Date: October 25, 1864
This is a map showing the Battle of Marais Des Cygnes or Osage or Mine Creek. The map was copied from The Story of a Cavalry Regiment, The Career of the Fourth Iowa Veteran Volunteers, from Kansas to Georgia, 1861-1865.


Brass Harness Rosette from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Brass Harness Rosette from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This brass rosette, decorated with a heart, was buckled onto a horse's harness. It was collected during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Brass Trigger Guard from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Brass Trigger Guard from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This brass trigger guard surrounded the trigger and protected it from accidental discharge. It was recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Bullets and Balls from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Bullets and Balls from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
These six different types of ammunition were recovered during a 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. Mine Creek Battlefield was the location where on October 25, 1864, Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War. All of the ammunition shown here was made of lead. On the top row from left to right are a 40-63/70 Ballard ball and a .58 caliber Berdan ball. On the bottom row (all ammunition for use in a pistol) are, from left to right, a .38 caliber ball, a .44 caliber Merwin and Hulbert bullet, a .38 caliber bullet, and a .357 caliber bullet.


Buttons from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Buttons from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
Shown are two different types of button that were recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War. One button is a brass 4-hole sew through, white the other is a ferrous overall button that may post date the battle.


Flintlock Lockplate from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Flintlock Lockplate from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This flintlock lockplate was recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. The artifact was likely from a pre-Civil War single shot horse pistol that belonged to a Confederate cavalryman. It was cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Fork from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Fork from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This serving fork was recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society archeologists and crew. The fork has two tines and a portion of the tang. The fork was cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Hammer Percussion Cap from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Hammer Percussion Cap from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This gun hammer was recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. The hammer struck a percussion cap and set off a charge. The caplock gun hammer replaced the flintlock firing system. This hammer percussion cap was cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Harness Buckles from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Harness Buckles from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
These two harness buckles were recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. They were cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Horse-Drawn Vehicle Rings from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Horse-Drawn Vehicle Rings from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
These two rings, possibly for a wagon, were recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. Rings were used for trees, either single or double, for levelers or for bars. These have been cleaned by electrolysis, which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Horseshoe from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Horseshoe from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This horseshoe was recovered during the 1990 survey and excavation at the Mine Creek Battlefield by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists and crew. This horseshoe style is called "regular" and is what was used on most horses use to support the hoof. It is complete with a groove, called fullers, that allow for the nail to be driven into the hoof. One nail is present. The horseshoe was cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Hotchkiss Shell Fragment from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Hotchkiss Shell Fragment from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: 1864
This Hotchkiss shell was fired from one of two 3-inch ordinance rifles, a rifled cannon, that comprised the Union artillery at the battle of Mine Creek. The shell fragment was cleaned by electrolysis which passes an electrical current through a liquid solution to separate the rust from the artifact. The site was the location where on October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War.


Ivory or Bone Comb from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337

Ivory or Bone Comb from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield, 14LN337
Date: Unknown
This complete ivory or bone comb was recovered from the Mine Creek Civil War Battlefield in Linn County during a 1990 survey by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists. On October 25, 1864 Union and Confederate forces fought one of the largest cavalry battles in the Civil War at this site. The comb, however, was recovered from near the farmstead on the property and may post date the battle.


James Dunlavy

James Dunlavy
Creator: Beyer, Walter F
Date: 1903
This illustration shows James Dunlavy, a private in Company D, Third Iowa Cavalry. It was printed in the book "Deeds Of Valor" edited by W. F. Beyer and O. F. Keydel. On October 25, 1864, Dunlavy is credited with capturing Confederate General Marmaduke at the Little Osage Crossing. At this engagement, General Pleasanton routed the Confederates, capturing 1,000 prisoners, military arms, ammunition, and Generals Marmaduke and Cabell.


James Fleming Fagan

James Fleming Fagan
Date: Between 1859 and 1865
This black and white photograph shows Confederate general James Fleming Fagan, (1828-1893). Fagan began his military career serving in the Mexican-American War, (1846-1848), with the Arkansas Mounted Volunteers. He eventually rose to the rank of lieutenant before mustering out the army and returning to Arkansas. From 1852 to 1853, he served in the Arkansas House of Representatives and one term in the state senate, 1860-1862. With the start of the Civil War Fagan placed his political career on hold and resumed his military career. He was instrumental in being the first in the state of Arkansas to recruit and organize a group of volunteers for service; he later accepted the appointed of captain of the unit. When the regiment was reassigned in May of 1861 as the 1st Arkansas Infantry Regiment, Fagan was made colonel. During the war he was involved in a number of battles from the Battle of Bull Run to the Battle of Shiloh. His effective leadership skills and military strategies allowed for him to move up in the ranks. On September 12, 1862, Fagan was promoted brigadier general. He transferred to the Trans-Mississippi District where he lead troops into a number of battles from Prairie Grove to Cane Hill. The success from these campaign's promoted Fagan, on April 25, 1864, to major general. Under General Sterling Price's command, Fagan help lead the last cavalry of troops into Missouri. At the Battle of Mine Creek Fagan's division was overwhelmed by Union forces that his troops retreated from the area. In the final months of the war Fagan finished out his military career as commander of the District of Arkansas of the Trans-Mississippi Department. His long and successful military career came to a close on June 20, 1865. In 1875 President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Fagan as a United States Marshal for the Western District of Arkansas. A position he held until 1877 before accepting the role of receiver for the Land Office in Little Rock, Arkansas where he served until 1890. Fagan's service to the people of Arkansas came to an end on September 1, 1893 when he passed away at the age of sixty-five in Little Rock, Arkansas. Burial was conducted in Mount Holly Cemetery.


John Sapington Marmaduke

John Sapington Marmaduke
Date: Between 1860s and 1880s
This black and white illustration shows Confederate major general John Sapington Marmaduke, (1833-1887). Marmaduke, a 1857 graduate of West Point, began his military career with the commission of second lieutenant to the First United States Mounted Riflemen. He later transferred to the Second United States Cavalry where he served at Camp Floyd during the Mormon War (1858-1860). In April of 1861 the threat of a civil war prompted Marmaduke to resign his post from the United States Army. This departure allowed him to join the Confederate army and accept the commission of colonel of the First Missouri Rifles of the Missouri State Guard. He was promoted to colonel, on January 1, 1862, of the Third Confederate Infantry and on November 15, 1862, to brigadier general. Marmaduke led troops through the trans-Mississippi theater into a number of battles that included: Prairie Grove, Cape Girardeau, and the Red River Campaign. Marmaduke also joined Sterling Price for the final raid into Missouri. At the Battle of Mine Creek, on October 25,1864, Marmaduke and his men attempted to hold back Union forces but were instead captured while retreating. He spent the rest of the war in prison at Fort Warren, Massachusetts. On March 18, 1865 Marmaduke was promoted to major general, the last promotion issued by the Confederate army. In 1884 Marmaduke made a bid for governor and became the first ex-Confederate elected to a major political office in Missouri.


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