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A joint resolution to amend the constitution of the United States

A joint resolution to amend the constitution of the United States
Creator: United States. President (1861-1865 : Lincoln)
Date: March 16, 1861
This document is a copy of a joint resolution to amend the constitution of the United States, sent to the governor of Kansas. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America that Article XIII be "proposed to the legislatures of the several States as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States which when ratified by three-fourths of said legislatures shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the said Constitution." Article XIII - "No amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere within any state with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State."

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, Constitution

Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence, Constitution
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1929-1931 : Reed)
Date: 1929
This file includes subject correspondence relating to the United States Constitution which is part of a bigger collection of Governor Clyde M. Reed correspondence.

Joint resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, S. J. Res. 17

Joint resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, S. J. Res. 17
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1915-1919: Capper)
Date: December 28, 1917
This article proposes the amendment of the U.S. Constitution to ban the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages in the United States, what is commonly known as Prohibition. On the first page the official seal of the Department of State is visible. After the article was ratified in 1919, it became the 18th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. National prohibition of alcoholic beverages did not begin for another year, on January 17, 1920, as set forth in Section 1 of this resolution.

Journal of Commerce, newspaper article

Journal of Commerce, newspaper article
Creator: Journal of Commerce (New York, N.Y.)
Date: September 22, 1856
This clipping, enclosed in a letter from A.S. Harris to Thaddeus Hyatt dated September 22, 1856, argued that the emigration sponsored by New England emigrant aid societies was "indiscreet," although not illegal. The article placed the blame for the current troubles on the free-state settlers in Kansas, stating that Missouri settlers were only responding to the provocation of anti-slavery supporters.

Kanzas News, Vol 1, no. 1, page 1

Kanzas News, Vol 1, no. 1, page 1
Creator: Plumb, Preston B., 1837-1891
Date: June 6, 1857
This is the front page of the very first edition of the "Kanzas News," edited by Preston Plumb and printed in Emporia, Kansas Territory. The lead article is about the Dred Scott decision by the Supreme Court and it includes excerpts from the May edition of "Putnam's Monthly." The article documents the reaction of free staters to the Dred Scott decision, which was decided by the Supreme Court in March, 1857. Because he had lived on free soil for several years and had been refused the opportunity to buy his freedom, Dred Scott sued his owner, Irene Emerson, in an attempt to gain his freedom through the courts. The Supreme Court determined that Dred Scott, and all other African-descended slaves, were property and not legal citizens of the United States. Slaves could not, therefore, sue the federal government for redress. The court decision also annulled the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Scott would remain a slave. Emerson's second husband, abolitionist Calvin C. Chaffee, returned Scott to the Peter Blow family, his original owners in Missouri, who voluntarily freed Scott shortly thereafter on May 26, 1857.

Legal status or rights of the anti-prohibitionists

Legal status or rights of the anti-prohibitionists
Creator: State Central Committee
Date: 1882
This small pamphlet argues that the prohibitory amendment to the Kansas constitution violates the rights of the people of Kansas as citizens of the United States.

Political Antislavery Convention

Political Antislavery Convention
Date: May 29, 1860
This announcement called for a political antislavery convention to be held in Boston on May 29, 1860. The men who called the convention, who were listed at the end of the announcement, believed that neither of the current political parties truly represented their antislavery sentiments. They stated their goal in terms of liberty for all people, both black and white.

Political cartoon by Myron A. Waterman

Political cartoon by Myron A. Waterman
Creator: Waterman, Myron A.
Date: 1932
Political cartoon by Myron A. Waterman (1855-1937). A parody of Archibald Willard's painting "The Spirit of '76." Three musicians are marching, two drummers using whiskey and beer kegs as drums while a third is using a liquor bottle as a fife. Waterman first gained recognition as a political cartoonist and illustrator in the early 1890s while working as the editor of the Fort Scott Lantern. He held a number of other occupations throughout his life including working in the drug store business and serving as a deputy state bank commissioner of Kansas from 1894 to 1901. Waterman was a staunch prohibitionist and a member of the First Congregational Church in Topeka, Kansas, moving there from Fort Scott in 1893. In 1901 or 1902 he relocated to Kansas City, Kansas.

Reuben Eaton Fenton, speech "The Designs of the Slave Power"

Reuben Eaton Fenton, speech "The Designs of the Slave Power"
Creator: Fenton, Reuben E. (Reuben Eaton), 1819-1885
Date: February 24, 1858
Representative Reuben Fenton, of New York, delivered this speech on the floor of the House of Representatives, in reaction to the Congressional debate over the validity of the Lecompton Constitution. Believing that the repeal of the Missouri Compromise was a mistake, meant to allow the extension of slavery into the new territories, Fenton emphasized that their forefathers recognized that slavery and anti-slavery men could not coexist. Thus, under the authority outlined in the Constitution, slavery in all Territories should be abolished, in line with the Federal Government's duty to "install a government [in the Territories] conducive to the greatest degree of happiness and welfare" of its residents. Fenton did not believe that the Lecompton Constitution represented the will of Kansas' citizens, insisting that the majority, as free state supporters, were proposing no challenge to the Government constructed by the founding fathers.

Speech about "King Slavery," by Daniel H. Horne

Speech about "King Slavery," by Daniel H. Horne
Creator: Kansas. Legislature (1865). Senate
Date: February 20, 1865
Daniel H. Horne gave this speech about the abolition of the institution of slavery at the adjournment of the Fourth Session of the Kansas Senate on February 20, 1865. The Senate and House both unanimously passed Senate Concurrent Resolution no. 42 on February 7th, ratifying the Thirteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution.

Speech of Hon.W.H. Sproul

Speech of Hon.W.H. Sproul
Creator: Sproul, W.H.
Date: February 15, 1930
A speech focused on the eighteenth amendment, which banned the "manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors", and its enforcement laws, delivered by the Honorable W. H. Sproul of Kansas in the House of Representatives on February 15, 1930.

U.S. Constitution and Slavery

U.S. Constitution and Slavery
Date: April 9, 1859
This comes from the Thomas Ewing letter press book no. 3, which began with an alphabetical name index to the letters that follow, but the first document therein was a statement dated April 9, 1859, composed of three principles regarding the U.S. Constitution, governance, and slavery in the territories: "1st. We hold that the constitution of the U. States does not carry slavery into the Territories . . ." The second and third points asserted the rights of the people of the territories to govern themselves.

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