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Amelia Josephine Labedia to James W. Denver

Amelia Josephine Labedia to James W. Denver
Creator: Labedia, Amelia Josephine
Date: March 8, 1857
Amelia Labedia, a Native American from one of the New York Indian tribes, wrote this letter of complaint to James W. Denver, Commissioner of Indian Affairs. She was angered by white squatters who mistreated these native tribes by burning down their houses, ransacking their fields, and driving them off their land. White settlers had no legal claim to these lands, but they settled on them nevertheless. The New York Indian tribes--which consisted of the Seneca, Onodaga, Cayuga, Tuscarora, Oneida, St. Regis, Stockbridge, Munsee, and Brothertown nations--had been given land in Kansas Territory according to the treaty of 1838.


B.F. Johnson to General James William Denver

B.F. Johnson to General James William Denver
Creator: Johnson, Benjamin F.
Date: January 23, 1858
In this letter to General James W. Denver, B.F. Johnson asks Denver if the New York Indians had made a treaty with the United States Government. Johnson also asks Denver if the land set aside for the New York Indians near Fort Scott, Kansas, was open "for settlement either by Preemption or in any other way." Johnson is writing from Wyandotte City, Kansas Territory.


Coronado's route to Quivira, 1541

Coronado's route to Quivira, 1541
Creator: Ritchey, William E
Date: 1903
This map of Kansas Territory in 1856 shows Coronado's route to and from Quivira in 1541. The Santa Fe Trail is annotated in red. On the reverse is a newspaper article with a map drawn by George Allen Root showing Coronado's route to Quivira and giving distances between points. There is a note from W[illiam] E Ritchey, Harveyville, Kansas, July 9, 1903, to A. R. Greene, Special Inspector, Department of the Interior requesting that Greene mention Ritchey's work in an article that will be published by the Kansas Historical Society. The location of a number of Indian reservations are shown on the map.


Distribution of land in New York Indians Reservation

Distribution of land in New York Indians Reservation
Creator: Greenwood, A. B.
Date: June 9, 1860
This list documents the distribution of the New York Indian lands in Kansas Territory according to provisions of a treaty dated January 15, 1838. The list identified the names of New York Indians entitled to 320 acres within the territory's New York Reservation. It was submitted to the Secretary of the Interior on June 9, 1860, and approved on June 16, 1860.


George A. Crawford to General James William Denver

George A. Crawford to General James William Denver
Creator: Crawford, George A. (George Addison), 1827-1891
Date: June 07, 1858
In this letter to General James William Denver, Governor of the Kansas Territory, George A. Crawford addresses recent happenings in Washington related to Kansas, including the issue of Native Indian lands. Crawford explains that "our N.Y. Indian Bill has passed the Senate and is likely to become a law."


George W. Clarke to General James William Denver letters

George W. Clarke to General James William Denver letters
Creator: Clarke, George W.
Date: April 18, 1858-April 19, 1858
In these two letters to General James W. Denver, Governor of the Territory of Kansas, George W. Clarke addresses injustices done to him. Clarke explains that a company controlled by George A. Crawford had begun to claim land that had been declared as off limits for settlement by the General Land Office of the United States.


History of Kansas and emigrant's guide

History of Kansas and emigrant's guide
Creator: Chapman, J. Butler
Date: 1855
The title page of the printed volume indicated that it contained "a description geographical and topographical--also climate, soil, productions and comparative value with other states and territories, including its political history, officers-candidates-emigrant colonies-election, abolition, squatter and pro-slavery contentions and inquisitions; with the prospects of the territory for freedom or slavery." Mr. Chapman was a resident of the territory and the information in the booklet was compiled by traveling through Kansas Territory in 1854. The description covers most of the territory and includes information about Native American tribes and lands.


Lands in the New York Indian Reserve, Kansas Territory

Lands in the New York Indian Reserve, Kansas Territory
Creator: Wilson, Joseph S
Date: September 10, 1860
This printed circular is a synopsis of the President's Proclamation No. 667, which describes the process for acquiring land in the former New York Indian Reserve in Kansas Territory. It includes provisions for those who have pre-empted land and for land claimed by native Americans. Sale are handled by the General Land Office at Fort Scott, Kansas Territory.


List E indicating the locations of land made for the New York Indians in Kansas Territory

List E indicating the locations of land made for the New York Indians in Kansas Territory
Creator: United States Department of Interior
Date: June 16, 1860
This item contains a list of "New York Indians entitled to 320 acres, or a half section of land, each within the New York Reservation in Kansas Territory." Included are the name of the "reservee," location of the land, and total number of acres to be given to them.


Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in Kansas and Nebraska

Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in Kansas and Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1861
Map showing the progress of the public surveys in the Kansas and Nebraska territories. This map accompanied the Annual Report of the Surveyor General, Mark W. Delahay, issued on September 2, 1861. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska

Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1857
Map showing the progress of the public surveys in the Kansas and Nebraska territories. This map accompanied the Annual Report of the Surveyor General, John Calhoun, issued in October 1857. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska

Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1858
A sectional map of eastern portions of Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory. The map shows the progress of public surveying of lands. This map accompanied the 1858 Annual Report of the Surveyor General, Ward B. Burnett. Rivers and Indian reservations are also identified on the map. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska

Map Showing the Progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1860
Map showing the progress of the public surveys in the Kansas and Nebraska territories. This map accompanied the Annual Report of the Surveyor General, Ward B. Burnett, issued on October 1, 1860. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Map of Kansas, with parts of neighboring states and territories

Map of Kansas, with parts of neighboring states and territories
Creator: Hunnius, Ado, 1842-1923
Date: 1870
This map was drawn by Ado Hunnius at the request of Major General J. M. Schofield. It was compiled under the direction of 1st Lieutenant Henry Jackson of the 7th U.S. Cavalry in March 1870. It includes the location of forts in Kansas, southern Nebraska, eastern Colorado, and northern portions of Indian Territory (Oklahoma), as well as noting natural features (rivers, hills, etc.), trails, and Indian reservations.


Map showing the progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska

Map showing the progress of the Public Surveys in the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1859
Map of Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory created to accompany the annual report of Surveyor General, Ward B. Burnett. The map identifies cities, rivers, and Indian reservations. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Mitchell's Sectional Map of Kansas

Mitchell's Sectional Map of Kansas
Creator: Middleton, Strobridge & Co.
Date: 1859
A sectional map of eastern portions of Kansas Territory. The map was compiled from the field notes in the Surveyor Generals Office by David T. Mitchell, a U. S. Surveyor and Land Agent in Lecompton, Kansas. Towns, county boundaries, and Indian reservations are identified on the map. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


Plan of the Public Surveys in Kansas & Nebraska

Plan of the Public Surveys in Kansas & Nebraska
Creator: United States. Surveyor General of Kansas and Nebraska
Date: 1856
Map showing the plan of the public surveys in Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory as submitted by the Surveyor Generals Office in Wyandott, Kansas Territory on October 20, 1856. This map is provided through a co-operative project between the Lecompton Historical Society and the Kansas Historical Society. Partial funding was provided by the Ross and Margaret Wulfkuhle Charitable Trust and the Freedom's Frontier National Heritage Area. Copies of this map are available for viewing at both the Kansas Historical Society and Lecompton Historical Society.


R.S. Stevens to General James William Denver

R.S. Stevens to General James William Denver
Creator: Stevens, Robert S.
Date: April 15, 1858
In this letter to General James W. Denver, Governor of the Kansas Territory, R.S. Stevens explains in the post script (p.s.) section of the letter that he had just interviewed the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury [Howell Cobb] who recommended "that 320 acres be set apart to each New York Indians." However, Stevens also explains that Cobb "will go no further," and that he, Stevens, plans on talking with the U.S. Commissioner of Indians Affairs the day after this letter was written.


Robert S. Stevens to James W. Denver

Robert S. Stevens to James W. Denver
Creator: Stevens, Robert S.
Date: April 3, 1858
Robert S. Stevens, writing from Washington, D.C., to Governor James W. Denver, reports on the U.S. House of Representative's passage of the Crittenden-Montgomery resolution, which proposed to resubmit the Lecompton Constitution to a vote in Kansas Territory. While Stevens, and by implication Denver, support the Crittenden-Montgomery resolution, Stevens contends that it was in the Democratic Party's best interests for Kansas to be admitted under the Lecompton Constitution. Stevens also comments on his efforts to get New York Indian lands in Kansas opened to preemption.


Territorial Census, 1855, District 5

Territorial Census, 1855, District 5
Creator: Barbee, William
Date: January-March 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, gender, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over twenty-one were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. There was an index and summary at the end of the census enumeration. For District 5, the place of election was the house of Hy. Sherman, on the old John Jones improvement, on Pottawatomie Creek. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation, and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Fifth District follows: "Commencing at the Missouri State line, at the southern boundary of the Fourth District; thence east along the same to the northwest corner of the Sac and Fox Reservation; thence due south along the western line thereof and due south to the south branch of the Neosho River, about seventy miles above the Catholic Osage Mission; thence down the said river to the north line of the reserve for New York Indians, and east along said line to the head waters of Little Osage River, or the nearest point thereto; and thence down said river to the Missouri State line, and up said line to the place of beginning."


Territorial Census, 1855, District 6

Territorial Census, 1855, District 6
Creator: Barbee, William
Date: January-February, 1855
This census was taken in order to determine eligible voters for elections to be held as proclaimed by Governor Andrew Reeder on November 10, 1854. The categories for information in the census were name, occupation, age, gender, emigrated from, native of United States, naturalized citizen, declarant (intention to become a citizen), Negro, slave, and voter. Only white males over twenty-one were eligible to vote. The districts used for the census were the same as the election districts. There was a summary of voters in the 6th district at the end of the enumeration. For District Six, the place of election was the house of H. T. Wilson, at Fort Scott. The boundaries of each district were described in Governor Reeder's proclamation, and it is difficult to determine what counties were in each district. The description of the Sixth District follows: "Commencing on the Missouri State line, in Little Osage River; thence up the same to the line of the reserve of the New York Indians, or to the nearest point thereto; thence to and by the north line of said reserve to the Neosho River, and up said southern line of the Territory; thence by the southern and eastern lines of said Territory to the place of beginning."


Territory of Kansas and Indian Territory

Territory of Kansas and Indian Territory
Creator: Johnston, Alexander Keith, 1804-1871
Date: 1857
This map, drawn by Henry Rogers and Alexander Keith Johnston in 1857, details Kansas Territory and Indian Territory. Kansas Territory included portions of what would become eastern Colorado. Indian Territory later became Oklahoma. The map traces the route of the Santa Fe Trail, proposed routes for the Pacific Railway, and identifies military forts. The maps also provides information on geographical features.


Thaddeus Hyatt to James Buchanan

Thaddeus Hyatt to James Buchanan
Creator: Hyatt, Thaddeus
Date: October 16, 1860
Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee, wrote this letter to the President of the United States in an effort to obtain assistance for the suffering inhabitants of Kansas. He described in detail the needs of the settlers, including their lack of adequate winter clothing and the scarcity of food. According to his personal observations, Hyatt concluded that the only options left to Kansas settlers were exodus or starvation. He also asked that all government lands be removed from the market, especially those in the New York Indian reserve.


United States versus Jesse H. Beeson for larceny of Indian property

United States versus Jesse H. Beeson for larceny of Indian property
Date: crime October 20, 1859; indictment November 29, 1859
These legal documents relate to the case against Jesse H. Beeson for larceny of Indian property on October 20, 1859 in Bourbon County, Kansas Territory. Beeson was indicted in November of 1859 by the United States District Court, Kansas Territory, Third District for taking furniture, food, and clothing, worth $500, from CeCe (C. C.) Seth, a Chief of the New York tribe. The New York tribe referred to a collection of tribes originally from the New York State area. During the Kansas territorial period, the increase in settlers led to conflict with tribes that were promised permanent lands in Kansas following the Indian Removal Act of 1830.


United States versus Pat Devlin for larceny

United States versus Pat Devlin for larceny
Date: November 1859 - December 1859
This arrest warrant and indictment relate to the case of the United States vs. Pat Devlin for larceny. Devlin was accused of stealing furniture, clothing, food, and weapons, a total of three hundred dollars, from C. C. Seth, a member of the New York Tribe, on October 20, 1859 in Bourbon County, Kansas Territory. The New York Tribe referred to a collection of tribes originally from the New York State area, such as the Seneca. Devlin was indicted by the Third District Court in Fort Scott during November of 1859.


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