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Annals of Kansas, January - February, 1855

Annals of Kansas, January - February, 1855
Creator: Wilder, Daniel Webster, 1832-1911
Date: January, 1855 through February, 1855
D. W. Wilder's "Annals of Kansas," published in 1886, provides a day-by-day chronicle of significant events in Kansas. These are digital images of Annals of Kansas entries for the territorial period of 1854-1861.


Certificate appointing James S. Emery as a Justice of the Peace for the First District, Kansas Territory

Certificate appointing James S. Emery as a Justice of the Peace for the First District, Kansas Territory
Creator: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: November 8, 1854
Kansas Territorial Governor Andrew Reeder issued this certificate appointing James S. Emery as a justice of the peace for the Kansas Territory's First District. The boundaries of the First District are described in the document based on various geographic landmarks. The district includes the town of Lawrence and runs along the south side of the Kansas River to the Missouri state line. Its southern boundary is the Santa Fe road.


Court document conveying property to James S. Emery

Court document conveying property to James S. Emery
Date: July 16, 1861
This document settles a court case from the Second District Court of the Territory of Kansas, decided in November, 1860. James S. Emery was successful in getting a judgment against the Delaware Town Company of Lawrence, Kansas Territory, which resulted in his acquiring property in Leavenworth County. Repine was the sheriff of Leavenworth County when the land was conveyed to Emery.


Cyrus Kurtz Holliday to Mary Dillon Holliday

Cyrus Kurtz Holliday to Mary Dillon Holliday
Creator: Holliday, Cyrus Kurtz, 1826-1900
Date: June 9, 1856
Writing from Topeka, Kansas Territory to his wife, Mary Holliday in Meadville, Pennsylvania, Cyrus K. Holliday repeated his previous letter's instructions that neither she nor Mr. Nichols come to Kansas Territory until he wrote again. He mentioned turmoil in district courts and described the positions and numbers of Proslavery forces under General John W. Whitfield and Free-State forces. Colonel Edwin V. Sumner and his federal troops from Fort Leavenworth were attempting to maintain peace.


Daniel Read Anthony, Sr. to father

Daniel Read Anthony, Sr. to father
Creator: Anthony, D. R. (Daniel Read), 1824-1904
Date: June 10, 1857
Letter from Daniel Read Anthony, Sr. to his father discussing how the Kansas sovereignty principle benefits those (like himself) in real estate that buy inexpensive land, then sell it to new western settlers at an elevated price for profit. The letter also discusses how Kansas' free state status might impact property value. The letter also mentions the proceedings of a local murder trial and Judge Samuel Dexter Lecompte.


Document affirming that James S. Emery was sworn in as Justice of the Peace

Document affirming that James S. Emery was sworn in as Justice of the Peace
Creator: Reeder, Andrew H. (Andrew Horatio), 1807-1864
Date: November 9, 1854
This is a follow up document to James Emery's appointment as Justice of the Peace for the First District, Kansas Territory. It is signed by Andrew Reeder, Territorial Governor.


Fellow Citizens--In Support of the Wyandotte Constitution

Fellow Citizens--In Support of the Wyandotte Constitution
Creator: Martin, John Alexander, 1839-1889
Date: July, 1859
This eleven-page document is a speech or essay, most likely in John Alexander Martin's handwriting, delivered in support of the proposed Wyandotte Constitution that was ratified by the voters of the territory on October 4, 1859. Martin, a twenty-year-old Atchison editor, served as secretary for the convention, which finished its work at the end of July. This speech, attacking the Democrats for conspiring to defeat the latest free-state constitution and for "the Lecomptonizing of Kansas," was undoubtedly delivered several times during the months of August and September, 1859. It addressed the various issues opponents were likely to use to defeat the constitution at the polls and stressed that, in light of actions of "a servile judiciary," slavery could not be removed from Kansas until it was admitted as a "sovereign state."


Grand Jury findings relating to the "Herald of Freedom"

Grand Jury findings relating to the "Herald of Freedom"
Date: 1856
Findings of a Grand Jury for Douglas County, Kansas [Territory] in relation to the newspapers "Herald of Freedom" and "Kansas Free State" which were accused of "publications of a most inflammatory and seditious character."


History of Kansas and emigrant's guide

History of Kansas and emigrant's guide
Creator: Chapman, J. Butler
Date: 1855
The title page of the printed volume indicated that it contained "a description geographical and topographical--also climate, soil, productions and comparative value with other states and territories, including its political history, officers-candidates-emigrant colonies-election, abolition, squatter and pro-slavery contentions and inquisitions; with the prospects of the territory for freedom or slavery." Mr. Chapman was a resident of the territory and the information in the booklet was compiled by traveling through Kansas Territory in 1854. The description covers most of the territory and includes information about Native American tribes and lands.


Indictment of H. Miles Moore

Indictment of H. Miles Moore
Creator: Grover, C. H.
Date: March 1856
Charles H. Grover, the district attorney for the First District in Kansas Territory, signed an indictment of Henry Miles Moore of Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, for unlawfully exercising the powers of Attorney General. Moore was elected Attorney General of the Free State government on January 15, 1856, under the provisions of the Topeka Constitution.


John W. Whitfield to John A. Halderman

John W. Whitfield to John A. Halderman
Creator: Whitfield, John W. (John Wilkins), ca. 1826-1879
Date: February 1, 1857
John W. Whitfield, the Kansas Territory's delegate to Congress until March 3, 1857, writes John Halderman from "Washington City" regarding the "H__l of a fight" they had had "over Lecompte." Whitfield thinks it likely that it will be left to "Old Buck" (President-elect James Buchanan) to settle things. He also writes concerning his own political prospects and what he was accomplishing for Kansas (e.g., railroad legislation). Samuel D. Lecompte was chief justice of the Kansas Territory from December 1854 to March 1859. President Pierce had appointed James O. Harrison to replace Lecompte in December 1856 but Congress refused to confirm Harrison.


Jonathan Crews to Thomas Nesbit Stinson

Jonathan Crews to Thomas Nesbit Stinson
Creator: Crews, Jonathan
Date: November 21, 1856
Jonathan Crews, writing from LaPorte, Indiana, expressed strong proslavery views on the situation in Kansas. Crews described his trip home to Indiana from Kansas and discussed several Indiana court cases involving his business interests.


Journal of the Council of the Territory of Kansas, 1855

Journal of the Council of the Territory of Kansas, 1855
Date: July 2 through August 30, 1855
This document identified the actions of the First Territorial Council (Senate), which first met at the town of Pawnee near Fort Riley on Monday July 2, 1855. On July 6, 1855, the House of Representatives approved a resolution sent to them by the Council that moved the meeting of the Legislature to the Shawnee Manual Labor School beginning July 16, 1855. This session of the Council concluded this first session on August 30, 1855. Included in the volume were various messages from the Governor and Acting Governor. The appendix contained reports of various committees--judiciary, special committee on exempting slaves from execution, bounds of counties and districts, elections, convention, public printing. The appendix also had the "opinion of the Supreme Court in regard to the legality of the present session" by Samuel Lecompte and Rush Elmore, a memorial from the legislature of Kansas to the President of the United States requesting the removal of Andrew Reeder, and the Rules and Orders under which the House of Representatives conducted business. The last fifty-two pages were an index to the volume. The members of the Council were: Thomas Johnson and Edward Chapman, 1st Council District; A. M. Coffey and David Lykins, 4th Council District; William Barbee, 5th Council District; John W. Forman, 7th district; William P. Richardson, 8th district; D. A. N. Grover, 9th district; L. J. Eastin and Richard R. Rees, 10th district. The elections in the 2nd, 3rd, and 6th Council Districts were disputed, but Andrew Macdonald, 2nd Council district, H. J. Strickler, 3rd district; and John Donaldson, 6th district, were sworn in as members of the Council. John A. Haldeman served as the Chief Clerk.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court, 2nd District versus Andrew Reeder, Charles Robinson, James H. Lane and others, for treason

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court, 2nd District versus Andrew Reeder, Charles Robinson, James H. Lane and others, for treason
Date: 1856
Material relating to the Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court, 2nd District versus Andrew H. Reeder, Charles Robinson, James H. Lane, George W. Brown, Samuel N. Wood, George W. Deitzler, George W. Smith, and Gaius Jenkins on the count of treason.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court, 2nd District versus James Lane, Wilson Shannon, and David S. MacInosh

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court, 2nd District versus James Lane, Wilson Shannon, and David S. MacInosh
Date: 1860
Material relating to Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court, 2nd District versus James Lane, Wilson Shannon, and David S. McIntosh for forfeited recognizance.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court, 3rd District vs. James Montgomery

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court, 3rd District vs. James Montgomery
Date: 1858-1859
Material relating to Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court, 3rd District versus James Montgomery for robbery and murder. A writ of arrest for John Brown, Sr. on the charge of murdering John Little is also included. William P. Fain, U. S. Marshal, as well as a number of other men, are referenced in the documents.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court affidavit on John Brown, Jr. taking slaves

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court affidavit on John Brown, Jr. taking slaves
Creator: United States. District Court (Kansas)
Date: May 28, 1856
An affidavit by William C. Childers from the Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court, 2nd District, Shawnee County in regards to John Brown, Jr. stealing slaves from William Jones, Prairie City, Kansas Territory.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus Captain John Brown and others

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus Captain John Brown and others
Date: August 26, 1856
Affidavit of Forsyth H. Taff made before Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Kansas Territory, Samuel D. Lecompte. Taff accused John Brown, J. B. Abbott, Samuel Walker, and Charles Lenhart of raiding the town of Franklin on August 12, 1856.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus Charles Fugit

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus Charles Fugit
Date: 1857
Testimony given at the trial of Charles Fugit in the muder of William Hoppe on August 19, 1856 in Leavenworth County, Kansas Territory. Witnesses testified that Fugit shot and scalped his victim and exhibited the scalp in a pro-slavery camp. Fugit was acquitted on June 23, 1857 by Samuel D. Lecompte, appointed chief justice of the territorial supreme court.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus General John W. Reid

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus General John W. Reid
Date: 1856
Material relating to Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court, versus General John William Reid of Jackson County, Missouri, for the sacking of Osawatomie and kidnapping two boys. The statement was made by Rufus Gilpatrick to the Associate Justice Cato. Reid, along with around 300 Border Ruffians, looted and burned Osawatomie, Kansas on August 30, 1856.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown
Date: October 24, 1857
Writ ordering the capture of John Brown for the crime of rebellion at Fort Scott in Bourbon County, Kansas. The order was served by E. S. Dennis per United States Deputy Marshall John Little on October 28, 1857.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown, Carter, and Lenhart

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown, Carter, and Lenhart
Date: July 09, 1856
Warrant issued by Joseph W. Shepard, a justice of the peace for Lecompton Township in Douglas County, Kansas for the arrest of John Brown, Mr. Carter, and Charles Lenhart for larceny. The three men were charged with taking goods, clothes, a mule, and a pony.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown, Jr.

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown, Jr.
Date: March 06, 1860-June 21, 1860
Materials relating to the case of the Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown Jr. on the charge of contempt.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown, Jr. for horse stealing

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown, Jr. for horse stealing
Date: 1856-1857
Materials relating to the case of the Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown, Jr., on the charge of grand larceny for stealing a horse from George R. Hopper on May 23, 1856 in Lykins County, Kansas (now Miami County). Second District Judge Sterling G. Cato issued a subpeona for the testimony of Thomas Kelly, Charles A. Foster, Samuel M. Merrill, Joseph B. Higgins, William Collis, Harvey Jackson, and William Chestnut.


Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown, Nelson King, and James Cline for horse stealing

Kansas Territory, U.S. District Court versus John Brown, Nelson King, and James Cline for horse stealing
Date: October 06, 1856
Writ addressed to the sheriff of Lykins County (now Miami County) ordering the apprehension of John Brown, Nelson King, and James Cline for stealing two horses.


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