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A Portfolio of Mormon Trail Engravings

A Portfolio of Mormon Trail Engravings
Date: 1874
A pamphlet of Mormon Trail engravings by Frederick Hawkins Piercy and Thomas Moran. The engravings offer a glimpse of what travelers saw along the Mormon Trail.


Abstract of journals from the 1845 Kearny Expedition

Abstract of journals from the 1845 Kearny Expedition
Date: 1846
This excerpt from the congressional report of the Secretary of War includes the abstracts of two journals, one by Lieutenant William B. Franklin, a topographical engineer, and another by Lieutenant H.S. Turner of the 1st dragoons stationed at Fort Leavenworth. Under the command of Stephen Kearny, the 1st dragoons and their accompanying engineers left Fort Leavenworth on a military march, heading northwest on what would become the Oregon Trail, down along the Rocky Mountains to Mexican territory, and back up via the Santa Fe Trail. This march was intended as a display of the United States' military power to both native tribes and the British government (which at this time was exerting its authority over Oregon Territory). For the most part this abstract details their route, but it does include a transcription of a conversation between Kearny and a Sioux chief named Bull Tail.


Address of C.E. Adams before the second flag raising of the Pawnee Republic Historical Society

Address of C.E. Adams before the second flag raising of the Pawnee Republic Historical Society
Creator: Adams, C.E.
Date: September 29, 1897
This item is a draft of C.E. Adams's speech to mark the occasion of the second flag raising of the Pawnee Republic Historical Society in September 1897.


Agricultural development, wealth and rural population of the states on the tributory to the Union Pacific Railroad for the years of 1900-1910

Agricultural development, wealth and rural population of the states on the tributory to the Union Pacific Railroad for the years of 1900-1910
Creator: Union Pacific Railway Company
Date: September 17, 1912
Union Pacific Railroad Company Agricultural Bulletin (No. 104). Union Pacific Railroad promotional advertisement showing aggregate statistical wealth values and population figures for areas west of the Mississippi River during a ten year period of time.


A handbook of useful information for immigrants and settlers

A handbook of useful information for immigrants and settlers
Creator: Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company
Date: 1880-1889
Published by the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, this pamphlet encouraged agricultural settlement on railroad lands in Kansas by glorifying the state's natural resources including water, soil, mineral deposits and plant life. Printed by the Kansas Farmer in Topeka, Kansas.


Albert D. Searl to Thaddeus Hyatt

Albert D. Searl to Thaddeus Hyatt
Creator: Searl, Albert D
Date: August 21, 1856
The author wrote from Tabor, Iowa to Thaddeus Hyatt, president of the National Kansas Committee. He began the letter by mentioning a skirmish between pro-slavery and free state forces somewhere between Lawrence and Topeka. This correspondence also deals with emigrant settlements within the territory, the shipment of weapons and provisions, and the morale among the emigrants as they struggled to make ends meet. Furthermore, Searl mentioned a great deal about James Lane and his activities within Kansas Territory.


Albin Kasper Longren's photograph album

Albin Kasper Longren's photograph album
Date: 1912-1921
This photograph album documents a number of airplanes (biplanes)designed, built and flown by Albin Kasper Longren. He built and flew Topeka's first aircraft on September 2, 1911. At two different times, Longren tried to establish an airplane factory in Topeka, Kansas. His second factory was in an abandoned woolen mill in Oakland, a neighborhood in Topeka, Kansas. The album contains photographs of the exterior and interior of this factory and numerous views of planes and plane parts. Longren's planes were well received, but his business failed because he had difficulty manufacturing numbers of planes. There are two images of a plane parked at the entrance to Gage Park in Topeka. Longren did exhibition flying at county fairs and other events in the region under the name Longren Aviators Exhibition Flyers. The album also has images of biplanes at Coffeyville, Anthony, Stockton, and other locations in Kansas as well as at least one image taken in the following states: Oklahoma, Nebraska, and Texas. Longren built a plane the was purchased by Phillip Billard, a Topeka aviator, and there are images of this plane in the album.


Aloysius Winklebauer and Cyril Winklebauer video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)

Aloysius Winklebauer and Cyril Winklebauer video interview on experiences in World War II (transcript)
Creator: Winklebauer, Aloysius
Date: April 21, 2007
Aloysius Winklebauer was inducted into the Army (Infantry) in 1942 and served until 1946 in the 95th Infantry, 97th Infantry, 386th Regiment Headquarters Co. He was stationed in both Europe and the Pacific. He was born January 22, 1921, and grew up in Horton. Before and after the war he worked in Construction. The transcript also contains an interview with Aloysius's brother Cyril. He was stationed in Brazil but it is not clear in what branch of the military he served. They were interviewed by Suzette McCord-Rogers on Apr 21, 2007. The 2005 Kansas Legislature passed a bill funding the WWII Veterans Oral History grant program. This transcript is from one of the community institutions receiving grants. The transcript of the interview is presented here; the original video copy of the interview is available through the Doniphan County Historical Society (Troy) and through the Kansas State Historical Society.


A majority of people continue to go east via Sidney on the Union Pacific Railway

A majority of people continue to go east via Sidney on the Union Pacific Railway
Date: Betweem 1870 and 1890
This Union Pacific Railway poster promotes travel east from Sidney, Nebraska, on the Union Pacific Railway. It claims the Sidney and Black Hills Stage line passes over the best roads and has the best Concord Coaches. The stage line connects with the palace cars of the Union Pacific Railway to travel to all points east or west, crossing rivers on great iron bridges. At Omaha, Nebraska, or St. Joseph, Missouri, connections could be made to all points east, north, or south.


A map of  the route and land grant of the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway

A map of the route and land grant of the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway
Creator: Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway Company
Date: 1871
A large, sectional map of the central United States showing the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway with its land grants plus the connecting railroads. The Missouri, Kansas and Texas railroad runs from Junction City, Kansas, and Sedalia, Missouri, to meet at Parsons, Kansas, and continue on to the Mexican border and Houston, Texas. There is also a small, inset map of the entire United States with the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway and its connecting lines shown.


An Open Letter to the Legislatures of Nebraska, Kansas and Colorado

An Open Letter to the Legislatures of Nebraska, Kansas and Colorado
Creator: Packard, Mrs. E. P. W.
Date: 1883
Mrs. Packard of Chicago, Illinois, was asking the legislatures of Nebraska, Kansas, and Colorado for their support for two laws--one to end censorship of the correspondence of inmates of insane asylums and the second to protect the legal identity of married women. The pamphlet explains that she has a petition of 804 signatures that includes the governors the the three states; numerous state, county and municipal officers; various judges; clergymen; and many other respected officials. She includes excerpts from letters of endorsement and 18 of those are Kansans.


Arthur Capper to Major General Clarence Danielson

Arthur Capper to Major General Clarence Danielson
Creator: Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951
Date: June 02, 1944
Arthur Capper's telegram to General Danielson relays the concerns of Kansas farmers who fear that their supply of POW labor is about to run out.


Battle of Wounded Knee and Pine Ridge, South Dakota

Battle of Wounded Knee and Pine Ridge, South Dakota
Creator: Northwestern Photographic Company
Date: 1890 and 1891
Twelve photographs showing scenes of the Sioux Indians at Pine Ridge Indian Agency and the Battle of Wounded Knee, South Dakota. During this time, the U. S. Army sought to curb the Sioux Ghost Dance. They killed Sitting Bull and pursued Big Foot. He led his people south to seek protection at the Pine Ridge Reservation. The army intercepted the band on December 28 and brought them to the edge of Wounded Knee Creek to camp. On December 29, 1890, the U.S. Army attacked Big Foot's camp killing him and approximately 300 Sioux. The Battle of Wounded Knee is considered the last major conflict between U.S. troops and Native Americans. A number of Chiefs in the photographs are identified on the specific image. The backs of several of the photographs have advertisements for the photographic company which was located in Chadron, Nebraska; for the Minne Pazuta Springs credited with curing epilepsy; and for E. F. King, the Black Hills Jeweler located in Deadwood, South Dakota.


Biface from the Thompson Site, 14RC9

Biface from the Thompson Site, 14RC9
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This biface fragment was collected from the Thompson site in Rice County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1971. It may have been stored for future use (what Archeologists call a cache), been meant for trade, or had some other significance we today do not know. It was broken prior to its donation. It is made of a large slab of Smoky Hill silicified chalk, a good quality knapping material that is exposed in linear beds in northwestern Kansas and western Nebraska. The site, listed in the National Register of Historic Places, was a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village occupied during the Late Ceramic Period.


Bill for Establishment of Immigration Bureau

Bill for Establishment of Immigration Bureau
Creator: Kansas. Governor (1915-1919: Capper)
Date: 1915
This file includes general correspondence relating to a bill for the establishment of the Immigration Bureau. Two letters included the file are replies to letters from earlier correspondence which have been forwarded to other offices during Capper's administration making the file incomplete. This is part of a bigger collection of Governor Arthur Capper correspondence.


C. A. Whyman to Governor John St. John

C. A. Whyman to Governor John St. John
Creator: Whyman, C. A.
Date: September 20, 1880
A letter from C. A. Whyman, referring to Kansas Governor St. John as the "great Temperance" and suggesting that a visit by the Governor to the Beatrice, Nebraska temperance meeting in October, would create "the biggest temperance boom that ever struck southern Nebraska."


California and the expositions.  Yellowstone National Park.  How to go and what to see

California and the expositions. Yellowstone National Park. How to go and what to see
Creator: Union Pacific Railway Company
Date: Between 1914 and 1915
This pamphlet is a Union Pacific Railroad promotional advertisement for the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco, California, between February 20, 1915-December 04, 1915, including a travel excursion to Yellowstone National Park in the Rocky Mountains and other areas of interest.


Celt from the Leary Site, 14BN1336 and 25RH1

Celt from the Leary Site, 14BN1336 and 25RH1
Date: 1194-1477 CE
This complete celt was collected from the Leary site and donated to the Kansas Historical Society. The Leary site was a large Oneota village that likely was periodically occupied by other groups. The site straddles the state line between Kansas and Nebraska, with a large portion on the Richardson County, Nebraska side and a smaller portion on the Brown County, Kansas side. The site was primarily occupied during the Late Prehistoric Period, with a few radiocarbon dates suggesting 1194 to 1477. This woodworking tool would have been manufactured by grinding or pecking it into a general shape followed by polishing. It would have been hafted onto a handle and required periodic resharpening.


Champion Vaughan to S.O.Thacher and others

Champion Vaughan to S.O.Thacher and others
Date: July 7, 1859
Vaughan, editor of the Leavenworth Times, wrote this letter soon after the convention convened to introduce and lend his support to three "Delegates elect from Southern Nebraska to the Kansas Convention." They had convinced Vaughan that efforts toward annexation were not just more Democratic politics.


Chapter IV: Destructive effects of undesirable tendencies, in The future of the Great Plains: Report of the Great Plains Committee

Chapter IV: Destructive effects of undesirable tendencies, in The future of the Great Plains: Report of the Great Plains Committee
Creator: Great Plains Committee
Date: December, 1936
This report was created by the Great Plains Committee, which had been called by President Roosevelt to investigate the effects of drought and wind erosion in the southwestern United States. Chapter IV of the report, titled "Destructive Effects of Undesirable Tendencies," outlines some of the major problems in this region, composed of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana. These problems included the decreasing amount of range land, soil erosion, and the depletion of ground water. A large part of the chapter deals with relief efforts and homestead rehabilitation. It also contains illustrations and tables that provide comparative data on the situation in each of these states.


Chapter V: Attitudes of mind, in The future of the Great Plains: Report of the Great Plains Committee

Chapter V: Attitudes of mind, in The future of the Great Plains: Report of the Great Plains Committee
Creator: Great Plains Committee
Date: December 1936
This report was created by the Great Plains Committee, which had been called by the President to investigate the effects of drought and wind erosion in the southwestern United States. For the purposes of the committee, the Great Plains region was composed of North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana. In Chapter V, the committee argues that farmers' lack of understanding about effective agricultural techniques, combined with severe drought, had created the critical situation that existed during the Dust Bowl. Certain "attitudes of mind," such as the idea that natural resources are inexhaustible, were the root cause of farmers' problems. The chapter outlines some of these attitudes and assumptions that had proved to be unreliable.


Charlotte A. Hardy to Governor John St. John

Charlotte A. Hardy to Governor John St. John
Creator: Hardy, Charlotte A.
Date: July 31, 1880
This is a letter from Charlotte A. Hardy, Lincoln, Nebraska, to Kansas Governor St. John, inviting him to speak at the Nebraska Women's Temperance convention. Hardy was president of the Nebraska State Woman's Temperance Union.


Charlotte A. Hardy to Governor John St. John

Charlotte A. Hardy to Governor John St. John
Creator: Hardy, Charlotte A.
Date: November 19, 1880
A letter from Charlotte Hardy of the Nebraska Women's Temperance Union congratulating Kansas Governor St. John on his re-election and passage of the prohibition amendment.


Chester A. Bird, World War I soldier

Chester A. Bird, World War I soldier
Date: 1918
Around 1919, the Kansas State Historical Society and the American Legion solicited biographical information from returning veterans (primarily members of the 35th and 89th infantry divisions) and the families of those who died in service, notably from the Gold Star Mothers. Each veteran or family member was asked to provide letters, photographs, a biography, and military records. This file contains information on Chester A. Bird, Machine Gun Company, 353rd Infantry. Chester died near Limey, France on September 12, 1918, in the Battle of St. Mihiel.


Chronology of the Iowa and Sac and Fox Indians in Doniphan County, Kansas

Chronology of the Iowa and Sac and Fox Indians in Doniphan County, Kansas
Date: 1882
This chronology details major events occurring between 1837-1855 among the Iowa and Sac and Fox Indians who had been relocated to Kansas after the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Topics mentioned within the chronology include warfare among relocated tribes, the arrival of white emigrants, disease, mission buildings, and treaties ceding land to the United States government.


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