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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.

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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Artifact Type - Scraper - End

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Artifact Collection from 14OB302

Artifact Collection from 14OB302
Date: 1000-1500 CE
Sometimes even a small collection of artifacts can help Archeologists learn about what activities occurred at a site. For example, the artifact collection from 14OB302 only contains three artifacts: a flake, an endscraper and a pottery rim. The flake is of Smoky Hill silicified chalk, which outcrops in western Kansas. The endscraper, however, is made Florence chert, which outcrops in the Flint Hills to the east of Osborne county. Finally, a rim sherd from a ceramic vessel was also recovered. The collared rim was cord marked on the exterior and had a series of parallel lines on the interior. Archeologists can use the rim sherd to date the site to the Middle Ceramic period. Perhaps the people at the site used (or lost) the endscraper to process a hide, in addition to making and discarding a large flake of the local material.


End and Side Scraper from 14WO306

End and Side Scraper from 14WO306
Date: 1000-1500 CE
The scraper shown here was recovered from an archeological site in Woodson County, thought by the archeologist who discovered it to represent a Pomona occupation. The scraper is made of Permian chert and had been heat-treated prior to its completion in order to make a better knappable chert. Scrapers may have been hafted onto a handle and used to scrape hides. They would have required periodic resharpening.


Scraper from 14TO309

Scraper from 14TO309
Date: 1500-1800 CE
This scraper came from the surface of a Late Ceramic period archeological site in Trego County. It was recovered during the 1997 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school and was knapped of a chert called Smoky Hill silicified chalk. It was likely hafted onto a handle and later used to scrape hides. It would have required periodic resharpening.


Scrapers from 14TO313

Scrapers from 14TO313
Date: 1000-1800 CE
These two scrapers were recovered from the surface of an archeological workshop site near the Saline River in Trego County during the 1997 Kansas Archeology Training Program field school. The scraper on the left is made of a chert called Smoky Hill silicified chalk, while the chert of the right scraper is unidentified. They would have likely been hafted on a handle and used to scrape hides. The tools would have required periodic resharpening.


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