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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.

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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Artifact Type - Projectile Point - Stemmed - Contracting

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Showing 1 - 16 of 16 (results per page: 10 | 25 | 50)


Contracting Stem Dart Point from Wabaunsee County

Contracting Stem Dart Point from Wabaunsee County
Date: 3000 BCE-500 CE
This dart point was collected from an American Indian camp site in Wabaunsee County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2018. The dart point's stem is what archeologists call a contracting stem. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Contracting Stem Dart Points from 14WY319

Contracting Stem Dart Points from 14WY319
Date: 6000 BCE-1 CE
Shown are three dart points, all with contracting stems, that were collected from a site in Wyandotte County and, in 2002, donated to the Kansas Historical Society. The site was recorded as having multiple occupations from the Middle Ceramic to Historic periods, but these dart points date to an earlier point in time. Archeologists often identify projectile points based on their stem types. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Contracting Stemmed Dart Points from 14DP1302

Contracting Stemmed Dart Points from 14DP1302
Date: Unknown
These four dart points were collected from a multicomponent (multiple occupations) American Indian camp site in Doniphan County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The dart point's stems are all what archeologists call contracting stems. One dart point has a pink cast, which is the result of the flintknapper heat treating the chert to improve its knapping quality. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Contracting Stemmed Dart Points from 14MY312

Contracting Stemmed Dart Points from 14MY312
Date: 1-1000 CE
These seven dart points are just a few of those collected at an Early Ceramic period camp site in Montgomery County and, in 1975, donated to the Kansas Historical Society. Three of the dart points have a pinkish cast, a result of their having been heat treated prior to knapping so as to improve their knapping qualities. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Point from 14GR420

Dart Point from 14GR420
Date: 6000 BCE-1 CE
This contracting stem dart point was recovered from 14GR420 in Greenwood County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2006. The location was a camp or village site that had multiple occupations throughout the Archaic and Early to Late Ceramic periods. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Point from the Across the Creek Site, 14JO406

Dart Point from the Across the Creek Site, 14JO406
Date: 1-1000 CE
The contracting stem dart point was collected from the Across the Creek site in Johnson County, a multicomponent site with occupations in both the Earl and Middle Ceramic periods. It was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. This dart point dates to the earlier occupation of the site. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Points from 14AT419

Dart Points from 14AT419
Date: Unknown
These four dart points were collected from a gravel bar in Atchison County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1979. Three have expanding stems, while the fourth has a contracting stem and may have been a knife instead of a dart point. After knapping, the dart points were mounted to the dart fore shaft, and then thrown with an atlatl.


Dart Points from 14DP377

Dart Points from 14DP377
Date: 7000 BCE-250 CE
These three dart points were collected from a multicomponent archeological site in Doniphan County with occupations in the Archaic and Early Ceramic periods. They were donated in 1984 to the Kansas Historical Society. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower). Shown are a corner-notched dart, a stemmed dart, and a contracting stem dart that was heat treated prior to knapping to improve the knapping qualities.


Dart Points from Anderson County

Dart Points from Anderson County
Date: Unknown
These two dart points were collected from Anderson County and donated in the 1930s to the Kansas Historical Society. One dart point has an expanding stem and was heat treated prior to completion to improve the chert's knapping qualities. The other dart point has a contracting stem.


Dart Points from Greenwood County

Dart Points from Greenwood County
Date: 1000 BCE-500 CE
These six dart points were collected from Greenwood County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1984. They show some of the different styles of projectile points that were present during the late Archaic to Early Ceramic Periods. Archeologists often identify these points based on the stem type: contracting stemmed, parallel stemmed, expanding stem, corner-notched and side-notched. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Points from Kearny County

Dart Points from Kearny County
Date: 1500 BCE - 1000 CE
The three different styles of dart points shown here are part of the Hedge Collection, donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2016. They show an expanding stemmed/corner-notched dart point, a parallel stemmed dart point, and a contracting stemmed dart point. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Points from the Cedar Creek Site, 14DP1318

Dart Points from the Cedar Creek Site, 14DP1318
Date: 50 BCE-200 CE
These three dart points were recovered from the Cedar Creek site in Doniphan County. All three dart points, made of Permian chert, have contracting stems in a style that archeologists call Dickson or Gary points. The pinkish color of the chert is a result of the flintknapper heat treating the material to improve the chert's knapping qualities. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower). The points were donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The Cedar Creek site was a multicomponent site, having both Kansas City Hopewell and Nebraska Aspect/Upper Republican occupations. The site had the remains of at least one house.


Late Archaic Dart Points from the Kansas River Valley

Late Archaic Dart Points from the Kansas River Valley
Date: 1500 BCE-100 CE
These three dart points were collected from the Kansas River valley and donated in 1925 to the Kansas Historical Society. They are similar to Gary Contracting Stemmed points (1500 BCE - 100 CE) or Adena Stemmed points (800 - 300 BCE), both styles with contracting stems.


Projectile Points from 14MY316

Projectile Points from 14MY316
Date: 700-1500 CE
These 11 dart points were recovered from an archeological site along the Elk River in Montgomery County. All are made of Permian chert and seven were heat treated, a method to improve the knapping qualities of a chert which results in a pinkish color. Nine of the dart points are corner-notched, one has a contracting stem and another an expanding stem. The site had house remains and is considered to be part of the Pomona focus of the Early and Middle Ceramic period. Pomona focus sites are located in eastern Kansas and western Missouri.


Projectile Points from 14WY408

Projectile Points from 14WY408
Date: Unknown
These five dart points were collected from a multicomponent (multiple occupation) archeological site in Wyandotte County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2018. Shown are one corner-notched arrow point, one contracting stemmed dart and three possible Nebo Hill points, named after the type site in Missouri.


Stemmed Dart Point from 14JO414

Stemmed Dart Point from 14JO414
Date: 6000 BCE-1 CE
This contracting stem dart point was collected from a multicomponent (multiple occupations) archeological site in Johnson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2005. The site had occupations in the both Archaic and Historic periods. Dart points, from the Archaic period, were attached to the fore shaft of a throwing spear and propelled by using a spear thrower or atlatl.


Showing 1 - 16

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