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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Artifact Type - Projectile Point - Stemmed

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Arrow Point from 14DN308

Arrow Point from 14DN308
Date: 2000 BCE-500 CE
This arrow point fragment was recovered from an archeological site in a creek meander in Dickinson County. The point is made of Permian chert that has been heat-treated prior to finishing to improve its knapping qualities. The point has an expanding stem. The site was occupied during the late Archaic to Early Ceramic period.


Arrow Points from 14CK306

Arrow Points from 14CK306
Date: 1-1000 CE
These arrow points were collected from a archeological site in Clark County. One arrow point has a corner-notched base, while the other is stemmed. Both would have been hafted to an arrow shaft and shot with a bow.


Arrow Points from Harvey County

Arrow Points from Harvey County
Date: Unknown
Little is known regarding these four arrow points that were donated in 2012 to the Kansas Historical Society. They were collected from an archeological site in Harvey County, but the location of the site was not recorded. Shown are two contracting stemmed points, a corner-notched point and a triangular arrow point made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk. The other three points were made of Permian chert and two were heat treated to improve their knapping qualities.


Artifact Collection from 14JW304

Artifact Collection from 14JW304
Date: Unknown
These five artifacts show the variety of the collection from an archeological site in Jewell County. On the top row, from left to right, is a scraper and modified flake made of Florence chert and a biface made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk. On the bottom row, left to right, is a beveled knife, a projectile point preform, and an expanding stemmed dart point fragment, all made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk. Florence chert outcrops in the Flint Hills of Kansas and Oklahoma. Smoky Hill silicified chalk is a good quality knapping material that is exposed in linear beds in northwestern Kansas and western Nebraska.


Artifact Collection from 14MY395

Artifact Collection from 14MY395
Date: 1-1900 CE
These three artifacts were collected from an archeological site in Montgomery County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1975. The site was listed as an Early Ceramic period site, but with the inclusion of the Historic pipe it shows that people were at the site long after that time period. Shown are a small scraper made on Permian chert, a corner notched dart point made on heat treated Permian chert, and a fragment of a molded ceramic pipe bowl.


Artifact Collection from 14RY1627

Artifact Collection from 14RY1627
Date: Unknown
Shown is the complete collection of surface artifacts from 14RY1627 in Riley County. Other artifacts, not in the Kansas Historical Society's collection, indicate the site had multiple components or occupations including peoples of both the Kansas City Hopewell and Smoky Hill aspects. The spear point pictured here adds a late Paleolithic to early Archaic component. In addition to the projectile point fragment two bifaces and a mano (grinding stone) are shown.


Basalt Expanding Stem Dart Point from the Ade Site, 14MP311

Basalt Expanding Stem Dart Point from the Ade Site, 14MP311
Date: 1000-1800 CE
Though this dart point was collected from a multicomponent site in McPherson County with occupations in the Middle and Late Ceramic periods, this artifact may have come from an earlier time period. The point was donated in 2004 and is made of basalt, a dark-colored fine-grained igneous rock. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Chipped Stone Artifacts from the Hickman Site, 14PH102

Chipped Stone Artifacts from the Hickman Site, 14PH102
Date: Unknown
Shown are three examples of the chipped stone tools from the Hickman Site, a Native Indian campsite of an unknown time period in Phillips County. All are made of Smoky Hill silicified chalk and are (left to right) a large flake, a midsection of a thin knife or biface and an expanding stem projectile point with a broken tip. The Hickman Site was initially recorded by Roscoe Wilmeth in 1957. Wilmeth served as a Kansas Historical Society assistant museum director and the first State archeologist of Kansas.


Contracting Stem Dart Point from Wabaunsee County

Contracting Stem Dart Point from Wabaunsee County
Date: 3000 BCE-500 CE
This dart point was collected from an American Indian camp site in Wabaunsee County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2018. The dart point's stem is what archeologists call a contracting stem. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Contracting Stem Dart Points from 14WY319

Contracting Stem Dart Points from 14WY319
Date: 6000 BCE-1 CE
Shown are three dart points, all with contracting stems, that were collected from a site in Wyandotte County and, in 2002, donated to the Kansas Historical Society. The site was recorded as having multiple occupations from the Middle Ceramic to Historic periods, but these dart points date to an earlier point in time. Archeologists often identify projectile points based on their stem types. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Contracting Stemmed Dart Points from 14DP1302

Contracting Stemmed Dart Points from 14DP1302
Date: Unknown
These four dart points were collected from a multicomponent (multiple occupations) American Indian camp site in Doniphan County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The dart point's stems are all what archeologists call contracting stems. One dart point gets its pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Contracting Stemmed Dart Points from 14MY312

Contracting Stemmed Dart Points from 14MY312
Date: 1-1000 CE
These seven dart points are just a few of those collected at an Early Ceramic period camp site in Montgomery County and, in 1975, donated to the Kansas Historical Society. Three of the dart points get their pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart and Arrow Points from 14WY319

Dart and Arrow Points from 14WY319
Date: 1000-1800 CE
These four projectile points were collected from a multicomponent (multiple occupations) archeological site in Wyandotte County and donated in 2002 to the Kansas Historical Society. The site had seen occupations from the Middle Ceramic to Historic periods. All of the points have expanding stems. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower). Arrow points, like the smallest point shown here, were attached to an arrow shaft and fired with a bow.


Dart Point Base from 14EK311

Dart Point Base from 14EK311
Date: 1-1000 CE
This dart point base was recovered from an Early Ceramic period archeological site in Elk County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1972. The dart gets its pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower). This dart point, made of Permian chert, has a contracting stem.


Dart Point from 14CS1319

Dart Point from 14CS1319
Date: 1000 BCE-500 CE
This dart point was recovered from the surface of an Archaic site in Chase County. The site was surveyed by Kansas Historical Society archeologists. This dart point has an expanding stemmed base. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Point from 14CW336

Dart Point from 14CW336
Date: Unknown
This dart point was recovered from an archeological site in Crawford County. The dart has a stemmed base that is bifurcated (split into double lobes). Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Point from 14GR420

Dart Point from 14GR420
Date: 6000 BCE-1 CE
This contracting stem dart point was recovered from 14GR420 in Greenwood County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2006. The location was a camp or village site that had multiple occupations throughout the Archaic and Early to Late Ceramic periods. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Point from 14RY444

Dart Point from 14RY444
Date: 4000 BCE-1 CE
This complete dart point was collected from a camp site in Riley County and donated in 2018 to the Kansas Historical Society. After knapping, the dart point was mounted to the dart fore shaft, and then thrown with an atlatl. Some time later the dart point developed a crusty patina or cortex.


Dart Point from 14SA424

Dart Point from 14SA424
Date: 1-1500 CE
This dart point was recovered from the surface of a multicomponent (multiple occupations) camp site in Saline County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. The tip has been broken on this dart point made of Permian chert. The style is similar is similar to a dart point style called Munkers Creek, which dates to the Late Archaic. If so, this artifact would likely be one of the oldest in the site collection. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Point from Elk County

Dart Point from Elk County
Date: 8000-2000 BCE
This large Archaic dart point is 11.3cm long and 5.4cm wide. It was collected from Elk County and donated in 1959 to the Kansas Historical Society. The dart point has a parallel stem. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Point from Jotham Meeker's Farmstead, 14FR308

Dart Point from Jotham Meeker's Farmstead, 14FR308
Date: 4000 BCE-1 CE
This dart point was excavated in 1985 by Kansas Historical Society Archeologists from the historic Jotham Meeker Farmstead site in Franklin County. Archeologists often identify projectile points based on their stem types. This dart point has an expanding stem with a fractured base. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower). This dart point was recovered near a cluster of prehistoric pottery, north of the cellar and helps to document a prehistoric presence at a historic site.


Dart Point from Morris County

Dart Point from Morris County
Date: 4000 BCE-250 CE
This dart point was collected from Morris County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower). This dart point is made of local chert from the Flint Hills region.


Dart Point from the Across the Creek Site, 14JO406

Dart Point from the Across the Creek Site, 14JO406
Date: 1-1000 CE
The contracting stem dart point was collected from the Across the Creek site in Johnson County, a multicomponent site with occupations in both the Earl and Middle Ceramic periods. It was donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2017. This dart point dates to the earlier occupation of the site. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Point from the Kansas River Valley

Dart Point from the Kansas River Valley
Date: 6000 BCE-1000 CE
This dart point was collected in the Kansas River valley and donated in 1925 to the Kansas Historical Society. This expanding stemmed point is difficult to assign to a specific time period but probably was made and used between 6000 BCE and 1000 CE.


Dart Point from the Mallow Site, 14DP1312

Dart Point from the Mallow Site, 14DP1312
Date: Unknown
This dart point was recovered from the Mallow site, an archeological site in Doniphan County, and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The point is made of a banded Permian chert and has a slightly expanding stem. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


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