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Objects and Artifacts - Archeological Artifacts - Artifact Type - Projectile Point - Basal-notched

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Basal Notched Dart Point from 14MY383

Basal Notched Dart Point from 14MY383
Date: 4000- 2000 BCE
This basal notched dart point fragment was recovered from a camp site in Montgomery County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1976. The deep basal notches nearly parallel the stem. Dart points such as this one are often typical of the middle Archaic period. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Calf Creek Dart Point from the Grouse Creek Site, 14CO120

Calf Creek Dart Point from the Grouse Creek Site, 14CO120
Date: 4800-4200 BCE
This complete Calf Creek dart point was collected from an Archaic camp site in Cowley County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2013. The site was associated with both Calf Creek (a distinctive dart point that is generally found in eastern Kansas and states to the east and south during the late Paleoindian Period) and Munkers Creek (a stone tool technology restricted primarily to the Flint Hills from 4000 to 3800 BCE).


Calf Creek Dart Points from the Grouse Creek Site, 14CO120

Calf Creek Dart Points from the Grouse Creek Site, 14CO120
Date: 4800-4200 BCE
These seven Calf Creek dart points were collected from an Archaic camp site in Cowley County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2013. The site was associated with both Calf Creek (a distinctive dart point that is generally found in eastern Kansas and states to the east and south during the late Paleoindian Period) and Munkers Creek (a stone tool technology restricted primarily to the Flint Hills from 4000 to 3800 BCE). The top row shows (from left to right) a nearly complete dart of an unknown chert type, a modified Calf Creek dart point mad of Woodford chert from Oklahoma, and a dart stem made of Wreford chert from Kansas and Oklahoma. The middle row shows two Calf Creek points made of Ozark cherts. The bottom row (from left to right) shows a modified dart point made of Alibates flint, a silicified or agatized dolomite from the Canadian River valley in the Texas panhandle, and a Calf Creek point made of Foraker chert, a type of chert found often in northeast Kansas.


Calf Creek Projectile Point from Greenwood County

Calf Creek Projectile Point from Greenwood County
Date: 4800-4200 BCE
Calf Creek projectile points are defined as having deep parallel-sided basal notches. This one was found in Greenwood County and donated to Kansas Historical Society in 1984. These distinctive dart points are generally found in eastern Kansas and states to the east and south during the late Paleoindian Period.


Dart Points from Morris County

Dart Points from Morris County
Date: 1000 BCE-500 CE
This variety of dart points was collected from across Morris County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society by various donors at various times. Shown are side-notched, corner-notched, stemmed, and corner- and basal-notched dart points. One dart point gets its pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Dart Points from the Grouse Creek Site, 14CO120

Dart Points from the Grouse Creek Site, 14CO120
Date: 4800-3800 BCE
These six dart points were among the many that were collected from an Archaic site in Cowley County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2013. Four dart points are made of Permian chert and get their pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities. The smallest of these has been reworked. The tan colored point is made of Frisco chert and the darker point is made of Woodford chert, both from Oklahoma. The site was associated with both Calf Creek (a distinctive dart point style that is generally found in eastern Kansas and states to the east and south during the late Paleoindian Period) and Munkers Creek (a stone tool technology restricted primarily to the Flint Hills from 4000 to 3800 BCE).


Dart Points from the Shreve Site, 14DP1315

Dart Points from the Shreve Site, 14DP1315
Date: 7000 BCE-1 CE
These six dart points were collected from an Archaic period site in Doniphan County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1925. The top row shows two expanding stem dart points flanking a large basal-notched dart. The bottom row, from left to right, shows a corner- and side-notched dart point, an expanding stem dart point and a contracting stem dart point. Dart points would be mounted to the dart foreshaft, which would in turn be connected to the dart shaft. The assembled dart would then be thrown with an atlatl (spearthrower).


Harrell Arrow Point from 14BN30

Harrell Arrow Point from 14BN30
Date: 500-1800 CE
This arrow point was recovered from an archeological site in Brown County. Archeologists identify Harrell points by their single side and base notches. Alibates agatized dolomite from the Canadian River valley in the Texas panhandle. This suggests either trade with people further south or travel by people to the Texas panhandle.


Harrell Arrow Points from the Hallman site

Harrell Arrow Points from the Hallman site
Date: 1100 CE-1300 CE
These three Harrell arrow points were recovered from the Hallman village site (14HP524) in Harper County during excavations in 1988. Archeologists identify Harrell points by their single side and base notches. Two arrow points get their pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities. The site dates to the Bluff Creek complex during the Middle Ceramic period and it's people practiced a mixed economy of hunting, gathering, and some horticulture.


Huffaker Arrow Point from 14DP356

Huffaker Arrow Point from 14DP356
Date: 1000-1500 CE
This arrow point was a surface find by archeologists from the Kansas Historical Society at a Middle Ceramic archeological site in Doniphan County. Archeologists identify Huffaker points by their double side-notch and single base-notch.


Huffaker Arrow Points from the Anthony Site, 14HP1

Huffaker Arrow Points from the Anthony Site, 14HP1
Date: 1100-1300 CE
These three arrow points were recovered from the Anthony site in Harper County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2012. Archeologists identify Huffaker arrow points by their double side-notches and single base-notch. These are made of local Florence chert from the Flints Hills region and get their pinkish color as a result of the material being carefully heated before manufacturing to improve the chert's knapping qualities. The Anthony site dates to the Bluff Creek complex in the Middle Ceramic period. Bluff Creek people practiced a mixed economy of hunting, gathering, and some horticulture.


Huffaker Arrow Points from the Hallman Site, 14HP524

Huffaker Arrow Points from the Hallman Site, 14HP524
Date: 1100-1300 CE
These two Huffaker arrow points were recovered from the Hallman village site (14HP524) in Harper County during excavations in 1988. Archeologists identify Huffaker points by their double side-notch and single base-notch. The site dates to the Bluff Creek complex during the Middle Ceramic period and it's people practiced a mixed economy of hunting, gathering, and some horticulture.


Paleoindian Projectile Point from Doniphan County

Paleoindian Projectile Point from Doniphan County
Date: 11000-8500 BCE
This Paleoindian point is called a Plainview and functioned as a spear tip. It was found in Doniphan County and was donated in 2008. Paleoindian people traveled in small groups, hunting large game, including now extinct bison. Stone tools help reveal how these people lived, traveled, and differed from other groups. This spear point was made of non-local chert and has ground edges at the base to protect the haftings. It measures 75.5 mm by 27.3 mm.


Projectile points from 14EK304

Projectile points from 14EK304
Date: Unknown
These five projectile points were collected from a multicomponent camp site in Elk County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1975. Shown are one large corner notched dart point that has been heat treated to improve its knapping qualities. Also shown are four arrow points: two side notched, one corner notched, and one arrow point with both side and basal notches.


Projectile Points from Harvey County

Projectile Points from Harvey County
Date: Unknown
Little is known regarding these three projectile points that were donated in 2012 to the Kansas Historical Society. They were collected from an archeological site in Harvey County, but the location of the site was not recorded. However, we are able to see what types of artifacts are located in the county: a corner-notched arrow point that had been heat treated prior to knapping, a side- and basal-notched dart point, and an expanding stemmed dart point. All three artifacts were made of Permian chert.


Projectile Points from the Tobias Site, 14RC8

Projectile Points from the Tobias Site, 14RC8
Date: 1400-1700 CE
These seven arrow points were recovered at the Tobias site in Rice County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2020. Four of the arrow points are side-notched, one is basal-notched, and two are triangular. The notches aided in hafting the arrow point to the arrow shaft, but as the triangular shaped arrow points show, they are not required. The Tobias site is a Great Bend aspect (ancestral Wichita) village that has dense artifact deposits, house remains, and numerous deep trash-filled storage pits. The site is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.


Side- and Basal-Notched Arrow Point from 14EK311

Side- and Basal-Notched Arrow Point from 14EK311
Date: 1000-1500 CE
This arrow point was collected from an archeological site in Elk County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 1975. Archeologists the that side-notched arrow points are typical of the Middle Ceramic period. The notches aided in hafting the point to the arrow shaft.


Smith Dart Point from 14JO410

Smith Dart Point from 14JO410
Date: 2400-1600 BCE
This dart point was collected from an Archaic period camp site in Johnson County and donated to the Kansas Historical Society in 2007. The deep basal notches for hafting helped to identify this dart point as a Smith, recovered not only in eastern Kansas, but also southwestern Missouri, northwestern Arkansas and northeast Oklahoma. After knapping the dart point was mounted to the dart fore shaft, and then thrown with an atlatl.


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